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1821 professor of mathematics and natural philosophy.
Having been ordained the same year, he became rector
of Saint Paul's Church, Boston, in 1826, and in 1831
vice-president and professor of moral philosophy at
Union College. He was consecrated Bishop of Penn-
sylvania in 1845. He published "Political Economy,
its Objects, Uses, and Principles considered," (1841,)
" Hand-Book for Readers and Students," (1847,) and
other works. Died in San Francisco, July 4, 1865.

Fot'ter, (BARNABAS or BARNABY,) an English prelate,
born in Westmoreland in 1578. He was appointed
Bishop of Carlisle in 1628. He was an eloquent preacher,
but was regarded by the high-church party as a Puritan.
Died in 1642.

Potter, (CHRISTOPHER,) a nephew of the preceding,
was born near Kendal in 1591. He became Dean
of Worcester in 1635, and vice-chancellor of Oxford
University in 1640. He was a partisan of Charles I. in
the civil war. He translated Sarpi's " History of the
Quarrels of Pope Paul V. with the State of Venice,"
(1626.) Died in 1646.

Potter, (CIPRIANI,) an eminent English musician
and composer, born in London in 1792. He was prin-
cipal of the Royal Academy of Music in London for
many years. He composed overtures, symphonies, duets,
trios, and sonatas for the piano, on which he was a skilful
performer. His style is represented as purely classical.
He became professor of composition in the Royal Acad-
emy soon after it was founded. Died in 1871.

Potter, (DiRK,) a Dutch poet and diplomatist, Lord
of Waddinxveen and Hubrechtsambacht. He lived at
Rome from 1409 to 1412, where he fell in with the works
of Boccaccio, after whom he composed a wonderfully
quaint and clever poem on the course of love, ("Der
Minnen Loep.")

Potter, (FRANCIS, )an English mechanician and clergy-
man, born in 1594 ; died in 16.78.

Potter, (HAZARD ARNOLD,) an American physician
and surgeon, born in Yates county, New York, in 1811.
graduated at Bowdoin College in 1835. He subsequently
settled at Geneva, New York, where he acquired a high
reputation as a surgeon. Died December 2, 1869.

Potter, (HENRY CODMAN,) D.D., LL.D., an American
bishop, a son of Bishop Alonzo Potter, already noticed,
was born at Schenectady, New York, May 25, 1835.
He graduated at the Theological Seminary near Alex-
andria, Virginia, in 1857, took orders in the Episcopal
Church, and held various rectorships, of which the most
noteworthy was that of Grace Church, New York, (1858-
83.) In 1883 he was consecrated Assistant Bishop of
New York, and Bishop in 1887. Among his works
are "The Gates of the East," (1876,) " Waymarks,"
( 1887, ) and " The Scholar of the State," ( 1897.)

Potter, (HORATIO,) D.D., LL.D., brother of Alonzo
Potter, was born in Dutchess county, New York, in 1802.
He graduated at Union College, and in 1828 was ap-
pointed professor of mathematics and natural philosophy
at Trinity College, Hartford. He became Bishop of the
diocese of New York in 1861. Died January 2, 1887.

Potter, (JOHN,) Archbishop of Canterbury, was born
at Wakefield, Yorkshire, in 1674. While a student at
Oxford he published "Antiquities of Greece," ("Ar
chaeologia Grasca," 2 vols., 1698,) often reprinted. He
became Bishop of Oxford in 1715, and Archbishop of
Canterbury in 1737. He was author of some works
on theology, and editor of a good edition of Clemens
Alexandrinus, (1715.) Died in 1747.



Potter, pot't?r, (PAUL,) a celebrated Dutch painter
of animals, was born at Enkhuysen in 1625. Among his
master-pieces are a " Herdsman with Cattle," in the
gallery of the Louvre, a " Bear-Hunt," in the Amster-
dam Museum, and a landscape with cattle and figures,
in the collection of the Marquis of Westminster. His
pictures are generally of cabinet size, and are remark-
able for accuracy of design and exquisite finish. He
also produced a number of excellent engravings. Died
in 1654.

See DKSCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flamands ;" LKCAKPKNTIKH,
"Paul Potter," 1818; NAGLHR, " Allgemeines KUnstler-Lexikon."

Potter, (ROBERT,) an English poet and translator,
born in 1721. He became vicar of Seaming, prebendary
of Norwich, and vicar of Lowestoft and Kessingland.
He published a volume of poems in 1774, and a trans-
lation of yEschylus in 1777, which is commended. He
also translated Euripides (1782) and Sophocles, (1788.)
Died in 1804.

Potter, de, deh pot'ter, (Louis JOSEPH ANTOINE,) a
Belgian historian and liberal politician, born at Bruges
in 1786. He published a rationalistic history of the
Church, entitled "Esprit de 1'figlise," (6 vols., 1821,)
which produced a great sensation. He was a chief
promoter of the union of Catholics with Liberals which
secured the success of the revolt against the King of
Holland in 1830. Among his works is a " Philosophical,
Political, and Critical History of Christianity," (8 vols..
1836.) Died in 1859.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Pettier, po'te-4', (ANDRE ARIODANT,) a French an-
tiquary and savant, born in Paris in 1799, lived many
years at Rouen. Died April 26, 1867.

Pettier, (FRANC.OIS,) a French missionary, born at
Loches in 1718, laboured in China. Died in 1792.

Pot'tin-ger, (Sir HENRY,) Bart., G.C.B., a British
administrator, born in Down county, Ireland, in 1789.
He entered the service of the East India Company ,n
his youth. About 1840 he was sent to China as am-
bassador and superintendent of the British trade. He
negotiated in 1842 a treaty which ended the opium war
in China. In 1846 he became Governor of the Cape
of Good Hope, and in 1847 Governor and commander-
in-chief of Madras. He returned to England in 1854,
and died at Malta in 1856.

See "Gentleman's Magazine" for May, 1856.

Potttnger, (JOHN.) See POTENGER.

Potvin, po'vaN', (CHARLES,) a Belgian author and
poet, one of the leaders of the liberal movement in Bel-
gian letters, was born at Mons, December 2, 1818. He
was educated at Louvain, and became professor of na-
tional literature at Brussels. He wrote " Poemes his-
toriques et romantiques," (1840,) "Satires et Poesies
diverses," (1851,) "L'Eglise et la Morale," (1858,) "Le
faux Miracle du saint Sacrement de Bruxelles," (1876,)
"Les Tablettes d'un Libre-Penseur," (1879,) " Contes
de Madame Rose," (1879,) "Du Theatre en Belgique,"
(i 880,) and many other works.

Pouchard, poo'shSR', (JULIKN,) a French classical
scholar, born near Domfront in 1656. He was chief
editor of the "Journal des Savants." Died in 1705.

Pouchet, poo'shj', (FELIX ARCHIMEDE,) an eminent
French naturalist and physiologist, born at Rouen in
1800. He acquired distinction by his numerous works,
among which are an " Elementary Treatise on Botany,"
(1835,) a "Natural History of the Animal Kingdom,"
(2 vols., 1841,) and a " Theory of Spontaneous Ovulation
and Fecundation of Mammifera," (1847.) He was an
advocate of the doctrine of spontaneous generation, on
which he wrote "Traite de la Generation spontane'e,"
(1859,) and "Nouvelles Experiences sur la Ge'ne'ration
spontane'e et la Resistance vitale," (1863.) " His works,"
says the "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale," "are distin-
guished for scrupulous accuracy, extent of views, and an
excellent method. To him belongs the honour of having
formulated in a neat and precise manner the fundamental
laws of fecundation among the mammifera. His experi-
ments on spontaneous generation, in opposition to those
of M. Pasteur, had a great celebrity ( ' retentissement ) in
the scientific world." One of his works has been trans-



as/&,- casj; ghard: gas/; G, H, K.,guttural; ft, nasal; R, trilled; sasz.' thasinMw. (B^ = See Explanations, p. 23.)



POUCHKIN



1992



PO WELL



lated into English, with the title "The Universe: the
Infinitely Great and Infinitely Little," (1870.) Died
December 6, 1872.

Fouchkln or Pouschkin. See POOSHKIN.
Pougatchef or Pougatchev. See POOGATCHEF.
Pougens, de, deh poo'zhftN', (MARIE CHARLES Jo-
EPH,) a French lititrattur, born in Paris in 1755. He
ecame blind at the age of twenty-four. He wrote,



SEPH,,

became blind at the age of twenty-fc
besides other works, "The Four Ages," a poem, (1819,;
and " Philosophical Letters," (1826.) He was a mem-
ber of the Academy of Inscriptions. Died in 1833.

See T. LORIN, "Notice sur Charles de Pougens," 1836; SIL-
TRSTRS DE SACV, " Notice sur la Vie de M. le Chevalier de Pougens,"

Fouget,poo'zh', (FRANCOIS AIM*,) a French priest,
born at Montpellier in 1666, was vicar of Saint-Roch,
in Paris. He published a " Cate'chisme de Montpellier,"
(1702,) which was adopted in all France. Died in 1723.
Fougin, poo'zhaN', (ARTHUR,) a French musician
and writer on music, born at Chateauroux, August 6,
1834. He has written a number of biographies of mu-
sicians, etc., and contributed articles to the " Diction-
naire universelle" of Larousse and to Fetis's " Biographic
universelle des Musiciens."

Ponillet, poo'yj', (CLAUDE SERVAIS MATTHIAS,) a
French natural philosopher and elegant writer, born in
the department of Doubs in 1791. He was elected to
the Academy of Sciences in 1837, and obtained the
chair of physics at the Sorbonne in 1838. He pub-
lished, besides other works, " Elements of Experimental
Physics and Meteorology," (2 vols., 1827 ; ?th edition.
1856,) which is said to be the most complete and best
written treatise on that subject in French. Died in Paris,
June 15, 1868.

Poujoulat, poo'zhooli", ( JEAN JOSEPH FRANC.OIS,) a
French litttrattur, born at La Fare (Bouches du Rhone)
in 1800. He accompanied Michaud on a visit to the Le-
vant, (1830,) and wrote, in partnership with him, " Oriental
Correspondence," (" La Correspondance d'Orient," 7
vols., 1832-35.) He received prizes from the French
Academy for his " History of Jerusalem" (1840) and
"History of Saint Augustine," (1844.) Died in 1880.

Foullain-Duparc, pooHiN' dti'piR', (AucusriN
MARIE,) a French jurist, born at Rennes in 1703, was
a brother of Poullain de Saint-Foix. He wrote on the
laws of Bretagne. Died in 1782.

Foullain de Grandprey, poo'lati' deh gRftN'pRi',
(JOSEPH CLEMENT,) a French politician, born near
Mirecourt in 1744. He was a moderate republican
member of the Convention, 1792-95. Died in 1826.

Foullain de Saint-Foix. See SAINT-FOIX.

Foulle, pool, ( NICOLAS Louis, ) a French pulpit
orator, born at Avignon in 1703. He obtained the title
of preacher to the king. Died in 1781.

Poulletier de la Salle, pool'te-4' deh 11 sil, (FRAN-
COIS PAUL LYON,) a French physician and chemist, born
in Lyons in 1719. He founded three hospitals in Paris,
and aided Macquer in a "Dictionary of Chemistry,"
(1766.) Died in 1788.

Poul'ton, (EDWARD BAGNALL,) a British natu-
ralist, born at Reading in 1856. He became Hope
professor of zoology at the University of Oxford in
1893. Among his works are "The Colours of Ani-
mals," (1890,) and " Charles Darwin and the Theory
of Natural Selection," (1896.)

Pounds, (JOHN,) an English philanthropist, born al
Portsmouth in 1766, was a shoemaker, and the founder
of ragged schools. He collected a number of poor
children in his workshop and taught them gratis. Died
in 1839.

Poupart, poo'pSR', (FRANC.OIS,) a French naturalist
%nd anatomist, born at Mans in 1661 ; died in 1709.

Fouqueville, pook'vel', (FRANQOIS CHARLES Hu-
GUES LAURENT,) a French writer of travels, was born
in Orne in 1770. He published a work entitled "Travels
in the Morea," etc., ("Voyage en Moree, a Constanti-
nople et en Albanie," 1805,) and "Travels in Greece,"
("Voyage en Grece," 5 vols., 1820-22.) Died in 1838.

Pourchot, pooR'sho', (EDME,) a French philosopher,
born at Poilly, near Sens, in 1651. He became about
1678 professor of philosophy in the University of Paris,



of which he was chosen rector seven times. He was a
friend of Boileau and Racine. He published "Philo-
sophical Institutes," ( " Institutiones Philosophicae,"
1695,) which was highly esteemed. It is said that he
was one of the first who taught philosophy by a rational
method. Died in 1734.

See MORERI, " Dictionnaire Historique."

Fourbus. See PORBUS.

Fourfour. See PETIT, DU.

Poussin, (GASPRE.) See DUGHET.

Foussin, poo'siN', (NICOLAS,) an excellent French
painter of history and landscapes, called "the Raphael
of France," was born at or near Andelys, on the Seine, in
Normandy, in 1594. He studied design with Quentin
Varin, of Amiens, and at the age of eighteen went to
Paris, where he received lessons from Ferdinand Elle.
His early efforts were embarrassed by poverty. He made
several attempts to visit Rome, which failed for want of
funds. His long-cherished desire to see that metropolis
of art was gratified in 1624. He there formed an inti
macy with the sculptor F. Duquesnoy, and studied the
works of Raphael with ardent admiration. He also
made designs or models of antique statues and bas-reliefs.
For Cardinal Barberini, who became his patron, he
painted " The Death of Germanicus," and " The Capture
of Jerusalem by Titus."

Poussin married in 1630 Anne Marie Dughet, a sister
of the eminent painter Gaspard Dughet surnamed Pous-
sin. Among the works which he painted (in oil) at Rome
are a series of "The Seven Sacraments," "The Rape
of the Sabine Women," "The Triumph of Flora," and
"The Passage of the Red Sea." He had acquired a
wide celebrity when, about the end of 1640, he returned
to France at the request of the king, who appointed him
his first painter. He painted for the king a beautiful
altar-piece of " The Last Supper," but soon became dis-
gusted with the intrigues of the court and the jealousy
of rival artists. In 1642 he returned to Rome, where
he remained until his death, November, 1665.

" With a laborious and mighty grasp," says Hazlitt,
"he put Nature into the mould of the ideal and antique,
and was among painters (more than any one else) what
Milton was among poets. There is in both something
of the same pedantry, the same stiffness, the same ele-
vation, the same grandeur, the same mixture of art and
nature, the same richness of borrowed materials, the
same unity of character." (" Table-Talk.")

" His life," says Delacroix, " was reflected in his works,
and accorded with the beauty and nobleness of his in-
ventions." He is considered the greatest historical
painter that France has produced. " Poussin has a far
greater power," says Ruskin, "and his landscapes, though
more limited in material, are incomparably nobler, than
Claude's." The same critic calls him "the principal
master of the classical landscape." (" Modern Painters.")

See CHARLES BLANC, " tudes sur N. Poussin;" MARIA GRA-
HAM, " Memoirs of N. Poussin," 1820.

Pouteau, poo'to', (CLAUDE,) a French surgeon,
born at Lyons in 1724. He published several volumes
on surgery. Died in 1775.

Pow'derly, (TERENCE VINCENT,) was born at
Carbondale, Pennsylvania, in 1849. He became a
machinist, joined the Knights of Labour in 1874, and
was their general master workman 187993. ^ e was
elected mayor of Scranton on the Labour ticket in
1878, 1880, and 1882. He was admitted to the bar in
1894, and was appointed United States commissioner-
general of immigration in 1897.

P5w'ell, (The Rev. BADEN,) F.R.S., an English phi-
losopher and geometer, born in or near London about
1798. He became in 1827 Savilian professor of geometry
at Oxford, of which he was a graduate. He contributed
to the " Philosophical Transactions" and " Philosophical
Magazine" able memoirs on optics and other sciences.
He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1824.
Among his principal works are " A Historical View of
the Progress of Physical and Mathematical Sciences,"
(I vol., 1834,) "The Connection of Natural and Divine
Truth," (1838,) a "View of the Undulatory Theory as
applied to the Dispersion of Light," (1841,) "The Unity



&, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, t, 5, u, y\ short; a, e, i, p, obscure; far, fall, fat; m?t; not; go"6d; moon.



POWELL



993



POZZO



of Worlds and of Nature : Three Essays on the Spirit
of the Inductive Philosophy, the Plurality of Worlds,
and the Philosophy of Creation," (1856,) "Christianity
without Judaism," (1857,) and "The Order of Nature
considered with Reference to the Claims of Revelation,"
(1859.) Died in 1860.

See the " North British Review" for November, 1859.

FSw'elL, (DAVID,) a Welsh historian, born in Den-
bighshire about 1552, was vicar of Ruabon and rector
of Llanfyllin. He published Caradoc's "History of
Cambria," with notes, (1584.) Died in 1598.

Powell, (EDWARD,) an English Roman Catholic
priest, wrote against the divorce of Henry VIII. and
Catherine, and was hung in 1540 for that offence.

Powell, (GABRIEL,) a son of David, noticed above,
was born in 1575. He was distinguished for learning,
and was author of some polemical works on theology.
Died in 1611.

Powell, (GEORGE,) an English actor and dramatist,
wrote " Alphonso," a tragedy. Died in 1714.

P5w'ell, (GEORGE,) an American historical painter,
born in New York in 1823. Among his works is "The
Discovery of the Mississippi." Died October 6, 1879.

Powell, (GRIFFITH,) was born in Wales in 1561.
He became principal of Jesus College, Oxford. Died
in 1620.

Powell, QOHN WESLEY,) LL.D., an American eth-
nologist, born at Mount Morris, New York, March 24,
1834. He removed to Wisconsin in 1842, was educated
at Oberlin and Wheaton Colleges, and served with dis-
tinction in the war of 1861-65, losing his right arm at
Shiloh. He was afterwards professor of geology in Illi-
nois Wesleyan University, and in the Illinois Normal
University. He conducted the perilous survey of the
river Colorado and its canons, and was afterwards ( 1880
94) director of the United States geological survey and
after 1879 of the bureau of ethnology. He wrote " The
Exploration of the Colorado River," (1875,) "Geology
of the Uintah Mountains," (1876,) "Introduction to the
Study of Indian Languages," (1877,) " Lands of the Arid
Region," (1879,) etc '' besides a number of pamphlets on
philosophy, Indian sociology, evolution, etc.

Powell, (Sir JOHN,) a British judge, noted for his
honesty, was born in Carmarthenshire. He was de-
prived of office by James II. about 1688 for his conduct
in the trial of the seven bishops. Died in 1696.

Powell, ( WILLIAM,) an English actor, who performed
with success at Drury Lane from 1763 until 1767. Died
in 1769.

Powell, (WILLIAM SAMUEL,) an English parson,
born at Colchester in 1717, became archdeacon of that
place about 1766. Died in 1775.

P6w'er, (TYRONE,) an Irish comic actor, born in the
county of Waterford in 1795. He performed in the
United States in 1840, and took passage in the steamer
President, which left New York in March, 1841, and
was never heard of afterwards.

FSw'ers, (HiRAM,) an eminent American sculptor,
born at Woodstock, Vermont, in 1805. Having re-
moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, he employed himself for a
time in modelling busts in plaster, and subsequently
engaged in the same occupation at Washington. In
1837 he was enabled to visit Italy, where he has resided
many years. His statue of " Eve" was exhibited in 1838,
and was at once acknowledged as a master-piece. It
was followed soon after by his " Greek Slave," which
became widely celebrated and has placed the artist in
the first rank of living sculptors. Among his other
works may be named " II Penseroso," " The Fisher-
Boy," "California," "America," statues of Washington
and Calhoun, and busts of Chief-Justice Marshall,
Adams, Webster, and Van Buren. Died at Florence,
June 27, 1873.

See TUCKKRMAN, " Book of the Artists."

Powers, (HORATIO NELSON,) D.D., an American
Episcopalian divine and /itt/rattur, born at Amenia, New
York, April 30, 1826. He graduated at Union College
in 1850. He published "Through the Year," (1875,)
and " Poems Early and Late," (1876.) and was a con-
tributor to leading American periodicals. Died in 1890.

F6w'hat-an', an Indian sachem who ruled over a



tract of country in the vicinity of James River Virginia.
Died in 1618. (See POCAHONTAS.)

P&w'is, (WILLIAM HERBERT,) EARL OF, an English
peer, who in his youth fought for Charles I. against the
Parliament. He was regarded as the chief of the Roman
Catholic aristocracy. He was sworn of the privy council
in 1686, and, according to Macaulay, gave James IL
judicious and patriotic advice.

Powlett. See PAWLETT and PAULET.

P5w'nall, (THOMAS,) an English governor and an-
tiquary, born at Lincoln in 1722. He became Governor
of Massachusetts Bay in 1757, and of New Jersey in
1759. He returned to England in 1761. Among his
works is a " Description of the Antiquities of the Pro-
vincia Romana of Gaul," (1788.) Died at Bath in 1805.

Foyet, pwi'yl', (BERNARD,) a French architect, born
at Dijon in 1742 ; died at Paris in 1824.

Poy'net or Po'net, (JOHN,) an English bishop, born
in Kent about 1516, was a zealous advocate of the
Reformation. He became Bishop of Rochester in 1549,
and Bishop of Winchester in 1551. He wrote, besides
other works, a book called " King Edward's Catechism,"
(1553.) Having gone into exile on the accession of Mary,
in 1553, he died at Strasburg in 1556.

Foyn'ings, (Sir EDWARD,) an English gentleman,
who in the reign of Henry VII. performed an important
part in the suppression of the Irish rebellion of which
Desmond and Kildare were the leaders. Died in 1512.

Poyn'ter, (EDWARD JOHN,) an English painter, born
in Paris, March 20, 1836. In 1876 he was made a full
Academician, in 1871 became professor of art in Univer-
sity College, London, and in 1896 was knighted and
elected president of the Royal Academy.

Pozharski or Fojaruki, po-zhaR'skee, (DMITRI,)
PRINCE, a Russian general, born in 1578, drove out the
Poles from Moscow in 1612. He is called by Prince
A. Gallitsin " one of the most popular heroes of Russia."
Died in 1642.

See MALINOWSKY, " Life of Pozharski," (in Russian,) 1817.

Ppzzetti, pot-set' tee, (PoMPlLio,) a Florentine writei
of biography, etc., born in 1769; died in 1816.

Pozzi, pot'see, ( GIOVANNI BATTISTA, ) an Italian
painter, born at Milan, flourished about 1585. Died at
the age of twenty-eight.

Pozzi, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian poet and physician,
born at Bologna about 1695 ; died in 1752.

Pozzo, pot'so, (ANDREA,) an Italian painter and
architect, born at Trent in 1642, was a Jesuit, He
excelled in colouring and perspective, and adorned the
' ceiling of Sant' Ignazio, Rome, with pictures, which
are commended. He published a "Treatise on Per-
spective," (2 vols., 1693-1702.) Died at Vienna in 1709,

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy :" MILIZIA, " Memorie
degli ArchitettL"

Pozzo, (MODESTA.) See FONTE, (MODERATA.)

Fozzo, dal, dal pot'so, (CASSIANO,) an Italian an-
tiquary, born at Turin in 1584. He formed at Rome a
rich cabinet of antiquities, and was a friend and patron
of N. Poussin. Died in 1657.

Fozzo, dal, (FERDINANDO,) COUNT, an Italian lawyei
and political writer, born in Piedmont in 1768. He was
elected to the French legislative body in 1803, and be-
came first president of the imperial court at Genoa in
1809. Died at Turin in 1843.

Pozzo, dal, (GIROLAMO,) COUNT, an Italian archi-
tect, born at Verona in 1718, was a skilful amateur.

Fozzo di Borgo, pot'so de boR'go, (CARLO AN-
DREA,) an eminent diplomatist, born at or near Ajaccio,
in Corsica, in 1764. He entered the service of Paoli
about 1790, and was elected to the French Legislative
Assembly in 1791. He was secretary of state in the
new government formed by Paoli in 1793. In 1803 he
entered the service of Russia, and devoted himself to
diplomacy, for which he was qualified by his penetration
and address. He performed a mission to Vienna in
1804 or 1805, and another to Turkey in 1807. He re-
garded Napoleon as a personal enemy, and contributed
to his overthrow. In 1813 he took a prominent part at
the Congress of Frankfort, and composed the famous
declaration of the allies. He acted as Russian commis-
sioner with the army of the allies in 1815, and signed



c as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, Y guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; as z; th as in this. (J^=See Explanations, p. 23.)



PRADEL



1994



PR A UN



the treaty of Paris. He was Russian ambassador at
Paris from 1815 to 1835. Died in 1842.

Pradel, de, deh pRt'deV, (PIERRE MARIE MICHEL
CoUTRAY,) a French poet and improvisateur, born in
Paris in 1787. He produced many short poems. Died
t Brussels in 1857.

Pradier, prfde-i', (JACQUES,) a French sculptor of
high reputation, was'born at Geneva in 1792. He gained
the grand prize of Rome (at Paris) in 1813, and studied
at Rome for five years. He became a member of the
Institute in 1827. His works are remarkable for soft-
ness and grace. His imagination was vivid, his design


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 240 of 425)