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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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nations, p. aj,



PRIEUR



2000



PRINGLE



ration on the blood, and the tendency of vegetation to
restore to vitiated air its vivifying principle. He also
discovered nitrous gas, muriatic gas, and oxygen, which
he called " dephlogisticated air." He obtained the last
in 1774 from red precipitate of mercury. " As a physicist
and chemist," says Cuvier, "the talents of Priestley were
of the first order. His researches and writings have
contributed much to the progress of the science."

He published in 1772-74 "Institutes of Natural and
Revealed Religion." He was librarian and literary
companion of the Earl of Shelburne from 1773 to 1780,
during which period he published "Experiments and
Observations on Air," (5 vols., 1774-80,) a "Defence of
Socinianism," and other works. In 1780 he settled at
Birmingham as minister of the principal dissenting con-
gregation. He incurred public odium by the heterodox
and liberal opinions expressed in his " History of the
Corruptions of Christianity," (1782,) "Familiar Letters
to the Inhabitants of Birmingham," (1790,) and "Reply
to Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution," (1791.)
In July, 1791, his house was attacked and set on fire by
a mob, who inflicted great damage on his library, appa-
ratus, etc., while he and his family escaped by flight.
For the sake of a more tranquil life, he emigrated with
his wife and children in 1794 to Northumberland, Penn-
sylvania, where he was coldly received, especially by the
Anti-Gallican party. Died in February, 1804.

See JOHN CORRY, "Life of Priestley," 1805: "Autobiographic
Memoirs," 1806; CuvtER, " filoge de Priestley," 1805: THOMSON,



eulogy, in the " Smithsonian Report" for 1858, page 138 ; DR. HOEFER,
" Histoire de la Chimie :" T. BELSIIAM, " Discourse on the Death
of Joseph Priestley:" ALLIBONE, "Dictionary of Authors;" "Nou-
velle Biographic Ge^rale ;" " Edinburgh Review" for October,
1806, (by JEFTOEV ;) " Monthly Review" for August, October, and
December, 1767, et seq.

Frieur, pre'un', (BARTHBLEMY,) a French sculptor
and Huguenot. His chief work was a monument to
Constable Anne de Montmorency. Died in 1611.

Frieur de laMarne, pRe'UR deh IS miRn, a French
revolutionist and lawyer, born in Champagne about
1760. He was an active democratic member of the
Convention, and voted for the death of the king. In
June, 1794, he became a member of the committee of
public safety. Died at Brussels in 1827.

Prieur-Duvernoia, pRe'UR' dii'veVnwl', (CLAUDE
ANTOINE,) a French republican, bom at Auxonne in
1763. He was chosen a member of the Convention in
1792, and of the committee of public safety in 1793.
He is said to have shared with his friend Carnot the
honour of having organized victory. The reform which
rendered weights and measures uniform in France is
ascribed mostly to him. Died in 1832.

Frieur, Le, leh PRC'UR', (PHILIPPE,) a French scholar,
born at Saint-Vaast, published a work " On Canonical
Letters," ("De Literis canonicis," 1675.) Died in 1680.
Priezac, de, deh pRe'zik', (DANIEL,) a French advo-
cate and writer on law, politics, etc., was born in Bas-
Limousin in 1590. He was a member of the French
Academy. Died in 1662. His son SOLOMON was author
of numerous works, among which is a " History of Ele-
phants," (1650.)

Prilesky, pRe-les'kee, (JOHN BAPTIST,) a Jesuit, born
in Hungary in 1709. He wrote several works, among
which is " Account of the Holy Fathers who flourished
in the Two First Centuries," (" Notitia SS. Patrum qui
duobus primis Seculis floruerunt," 1753.)

Prim, pRem, (JuAN,) Count de Reus and Marquis
de los Castillejos, a Spanish general, born in Catalonia
about 1814. He took arms against Espartero in 1843,
and acted with the party of Progresistas. In 1859 or
1860 he obtained command of a division of the army
sent against Morocco, and was rewarded for his services
at Marabout with the title of Marquis de los Castillejos.
He commanded the Spanish army which co-operated
with the French and British in the invasion of Mexico in
1861, and returned to Spain in 1862. He was a leader
of the insurgents who deposed Queen Isabel in Septem-
ber, 1868, and he became in the next November minister
of war and commander-in-chief of the army of Spain.
Prim and Serrano were the most powerful and promi-
nent members of the provisional government formed by



:he insurgents ; and the former was the virtual dictator of
Spain in 1869-70. He was assassinated, December, 1870.
Primaticcio, pRe-ma-tet'cho, [Fr. LE PRIMATICE,
leh pRe'mi'tess',] (FRANCESCO,) an Italian painter, sculp-
tor, and architect, born at Bologna in 1490. He studied
design under Innocenzio da Imola, Bagnacavallo, and
Giulio Romano. In 1531 he went to France, and was
employed by Francis I. to adorn the chateau of Fon-
tainebleau, in which he painted a number of large frescos.
Among these were pictures of scenes from the " Odys-
sey," which were much admired. He was patronized
by Henry II. and Francis II. Died at Paris in 1570.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters;" LANZI, "History of
Painting in Italy:" BOLOGNINI-AMORINI, "Vita del Pittore F. Pri-
maticcio," 1838: FONTBNAY, " Dictionnaire des Artistes."

Frimatice, Le. See PRIMATICCIO.

Prime, (EDWARD DORR GRIFFIN,) an American
author, a brother of S. I. Prime, was born in Cambridge,
New York, November 2, 1814. He graduated at Union
College in 1832, and in 1838 at Princeton Theological
Seminary. He afterwards became one of the editors
and proprietors of the " New York Observer." Among
his works are " Around the World," and " Forty Years
in the Turkish Empire : Memoirs of W. Goodell, D.D.,"
(1875.) Died April 7, 1891.

Prime, (SAMUEL IREN^US,) D.D., an American Pres-
byterian divine, born in Saratoga county, New York, in
1812. He became editor of the " New York Observer"
in 1840. He published " Travels in Europe and the
East," (2 vols., 1855,) "The Power of Prayer," (1859.)
and various other works. Died July 18, 1885.

Prime, (WILLIAM COWPER,) a lawyer, a brother of
the preceding, was born in Washington county, New
York, in 1825. He has published, among other works,
"The Old House by the River," (1853,) "Boat-Life in
Egypt and Nubia," (1857,) and "Tent-Life in the Holy
Land," (1857.)

Primerose or Primrose, prlm'roz, (GILBERT,) an
ecclesiastic, born in Scotland. He became chaplain to
the king, and canon of Windsor. Died in 1643.

Primerose, (JAMES,) a physician, a son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Bordeaux. He practised in York-
shire, and wrote several medical works, which are
commended. Died about 1660.

Prince. (ADELAIDE,) actress, was bom at Lon-
don, England, in 1866. She made her dlbut on the
stage in 1888, in " A Possible Case," played with the
Augustin Daly company 1889-93, and starred after-
wards with. Creston Clarke, whom she married in 1895.

Prince, (HENRY,) an American officer, bom at East
port, Maine, in 1811, fought with distinction in the
Mexican war, and was made brigadier-general of volun-
teers in the United States army in 1862. Died in 1892.

Prince, (JOHN,) an English biographer, born at Ax-
minster in 1643, was vicar of Totness. He wrote "The
Worthies of Devon," (1710.) Died in 1723.

Prince, (OLIVER H.,) an American jurist and United
States Senator from Georgia, perished in the wreck of
the steamboat Home in 1837.

Prince, (THOMAS,) an American divine, born in New
England in 1687, was the author of several historical
and religious works. Died in 1758.

Prince de Beaumont. See LE PRINCE.

Prince, Le. See LE PRINCE.

Pringle, pring 7 !'!, (Sir JOHN,) a British physician,
born in Roxburghshire, Scotland, in 1707. He studied
at Leyden and in Paris, settled in Edinburgh zbout 1734,
and became physician to the Earl of Stair, who was
commander of the army on the continent, in 1742. In
1743 he was appointed chief physician to the army in
Flanders. He held this office until the peace of 1748,
after which he resided in London. He gained a Euro-
pean reputation by a valuable work "On the Diseases
of the Army," (1752.) In 1763 he was appointed phy-
sician to the queen. He was elected president of the
Royal Society in 1772, and became physician -extraor-
dinary to George III. in 1774. In 1778 he succeeded
Linnaeus as member of the Academy of Sciences of
Paris. He corresponded with the most eminent scien-
tific men of Europe. Among his works was a treatise
entitled " Experiments on Septic and Antiseptic Sub-



5, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, u, J, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mil; not; good ; m<5on:



PRINGLE



PRITCHARD



stances," (1750,) which obtained the Copley meJ.il
Died in 1782.

See A. KIPPIS, "Life of Sir John Pringle," 1783: CONDOSCET,
"Eloge de Pringle ;" VICQ-D'AZYR, "Eloge de J. Pringle," 1787;
"Biographic Me"dicale;" CHAMBERS, "Biographical Dictionary ol
Eminent Scotsmen."

Pringle, (THOMAS,) a meritorious Scottish poet, born
at Blaiklaw, in Teviotdale, in January, 1789. During
his infancy an accident occurred which compelled him
to use crutches for life. He wrote in 1816 "The Au-
tumnal Excursion," a poem, which procured for him the
friendship of Sir Walter Scott. In 1817 he united with
Lockhart, Wilson, and others in founding the " Edin
burgh Monthly Magazine," of which for a short time
he was the editor. During his connection with it the
name was changed to "Blackwood's Magazine." He
emigrated in 1820 to the Cape of Good Hope, where
he edited the " South African Journal" and founded an
academy. His success having been hindered by the
enmity of the governor, he returned to England in 1826,
and published a very interesting " Narrative of a Resi-
dence in South Africa." He wrote a number of poems,
which are admired for elegance. Died in 1834.

See L. RITCHIE, "Life of Thomas Pringle," prefixed to his Poems;
CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen," (Sup-
plement:) J. COHDSR, " Biographicaf Sketch of T. Pringle," 1835.

Pringsheim, prings'hitm, (NATHANAEL,) a German
(Jewish) botanist, born near Landsberg, in Silesia, No-
vember 30, 1823. He was from 1864 to 1868 botanical
professor in Jena. He has published many books and
papers setting forth his discoveries, chiefly in the minute
anatomy and reproduction of cryptogamous plants.

Prins, pRlns, (J. H.,) a Dutch painter, born at the
Hague in 1758 or 1759. He painted views of the in-
teriors of cities. Died about 1805.

Prin'sep, (CHARLES ROBERT,) an English political
economist, born about 1788, published an "Essay on
Money," (1818,) and translated Say's " Political Econ-
omy" from the French. Died in 1864.

Prinsep, (HENRY THOBY,) an English Orientalist,
born in 1792, was a son of John Prinsep, M.P. He en-
tered the civil service of the East India Company, and
became a director in 1849. Died February n, 1878.

Prinsep, (JAMES,) an eminent English Orientalist,
born in 1800. He entered the service of the East India
Company in his youth, passed some years at Benares
as assay-master, and wrote "Sketches of Benares."
Having removed to Calcutta, he became in 1832 editor
of the " Journal of the Asiatic Society," for which he
wrote valuable articles on chemistry, Indian coins, and
Indian antiquities. He succeeded H. H. Wilson as
secretary of the Asiatic Society in 1832. He made some
important discoveries in the history of India by the aid
of inscriptions, which he deciphered, and which had
baffled other antiquaries. He died at sea, during a
Toyage to England, in 1840.

Prinaep, (VALENTINE C.,) an English painter, born
in India, February 14, 1838. He was trained for the
India service in the Haileybury College, but devoted
himself with great success to art. His paintings exhibit
marked power and originality and great beauty of col-
ouring. His most famous picture is "The Assemblage
of Delhi." He is author of " Imperial India," a book
of travels.

Printz, pRlnts, ( WOLFGANG CASPAR, ) a German
composer, born in the Palatinate in 1641. He published
a "Historical Description of Song and Music," (1690,)
and other works. Died at Sorau in 1717.

Priolo, pRe'o'lo', or Prioli, pRe'o'le', (BENJAMIN,) a
French historian, of Italian extraction, was born in
Saintonge in 1602. He wrote, in Latin, a " History of
France from the Death of Louis XIII.," (1662,) which
is praised by Bayle. Died in 1667.
See J. RHODIUS, " De Vita B. Prioli," 1671
Pri'pr, (Sir JAMES,) an English biographer and sur-
geon, born in 1790, served many years in the navy. He
wrote a "Life of Edmund Burke," (1824,) regarded as the
best life of that great statesman that has yet appeared,
*nd a " Life of Oliver Goldsmith," (1836.) Died in 1869
See ALLIBONE, " Dictionary of Authors."
Prior, (MATTHEW,) an English poet and diplomatist,



was born in Dorsetshire on the 2ist of July, 1664.
lie was educated, at the expense of the Earl of Dorset,
n Saint John's College, Cambridge, where he was ad-
mitted to his bachelor's degree in 1686, and obtained a
Fellowship. To ridicule Dryden's " Hind and Panther,"
Prior and Charles Montague wrote a poem entitled
'The City Mouse and Country Mouse," (1687.) About
1690 he was initiated into public business as secretary
to the embassy which was sent to the Congress of the
Hague. He was secretary to the embassy which nego-
tiated the treaty of Ryswick, in 1697, and under-secretary
if state for a short time in 1699. In 1700 he produced
Carmen Seculare," a poetical panegyric on William
III., which Johnson calls "one of his most splendid
compositions." He entered Parliament in 1701, and,
deserting the Whigs, joined the Tory party, which,
laving attained power, sent Prior to Paris privately with
propositions of peace in July, 1711. He was accredited
as ambassador at Paris in August, 1713, and obtained
the reputation of a skilful diplomatist. The Whigs,
having come into power, recalled him in August, 1714,
and charged him with treason. He was imprisoned
about two years, (during which he wrote " Alma," a
poem,) and was then released without trial. He died at
Wimpole in September, 1721. Among his poems are
" Solomon," an " Ode on the Battle of Ramillies," ( 1 706,)
several tales. " Prior has written with great variety,"
says Dr. Johnson, " and his variety has made him popu-
'ar. . . . If his poetry be generally considered, his praise
.vill be that of correctness and industry rather than of
compass of comprehension or activity of fancy. He
never made any effort of invention."

SeeJoHNSON, "Lives of the Poets:" CAMPBELL, " Specimens of
ihe British Poets:" " Biographia Britannica :" THACKERAY, "Tht
English Humourists :" " North British Review" for November, 1857.

Pri'or, (THOMAS,) an Irishman, noted for public
spirit, was born at Rathdowney, Queens county, in 1679.
He founded the Royal Dublin Society, and published
" A List of Absentees, with Observations on Trade,"
etc., (1729.) Died in 1751.

Friscian, prish'e-an, [Lat. PRISCIA'NUS ; Fr. PRIS-
CIEN, pRe'se^N',] a~5istinguished Roman grammarian,
is supposed to have been a Christian, and native of
Caesarea. He taught grammar at Constantinople about
525 A.D., and left several works, which are extant. His
work " De Arte Grammatica," or "Commentaria Gram-
matica," is the most complete and philosophic treatise
on that subject that has come down to us from antiquity.
Its value is enhanced by many quotations from works
which are lost

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Latin*:" BXHR, "Geschichte dei
RBmischen Literatur."

Priscianus. See PRISCIAN.

Priscien. See PRISCIAN.

Pris-cilll-an, [Lat PRISCILLIA'NUS; Fr. PRISCIL-
LIEN, pRe'seTe-lN ",] a Spanish ecclesiastic, born near
Corduba, (Cirdova,) is said to have professed the doc-
trines of the Gnostics and Manicheans. He was charged
with heresy and beheaded by Maximus about 385 A.D.

See BAYLK, " Historical and Critical Dictionary :" " Nouvell
Biographic G<*neYale."

Priscillianus. See PRISCILLIAN.

PrisciUien. See PRISCILLIAN.

Pris'cus, [Gr. npiaicof,] an able Byzantine historian,
born at Panium, in Thrace. He was sent by Theodosius
on an embassy to Attila in 445 A.D. He wrote an
account of this embassy, and of the life of Attila, frag-
ments of which are extant. His style is commended,
and his history is esteemed for veracity. Died about
470 A.D.

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grzca."

Priflcus, (C. LUTORIUS,) a Roman poet, composed a
poem on the death of Germanicus, which was very popu-
lar. Died about 21 A.D.

Prisons, (HELVIDIUS,) a Roman senator, distinguished
for his love of liberty and his boldness of speech. He
was banished by Nero in 66 A.D., and became prsetor in
70, soon after which he ~vas put to death by Vespasian.

Prisous, (TARQUINIUS.) See TARQUINIUS.

Pritch'ard, (ANDREW,) an English naturalist arid
microscopist of the present century. He published a



e as k; c as s; g hard; g a^V



G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, tn iled; s as .; th as in this.



(jR^=See Explanations, p. 23.1



PRITCHARD



PROCOPIUS



number of valuable works, among which are " The Mi-
croscopic Cabinet," (1832,) a " Natural History of Ani-
malcules," (1834,) " Micrographia : Essays on Micro-
copes," (1837,) and a " History of Infusoria, Living and
Fossil," (1841 ; 4th edition, 1861.) Died Nov. 24, 1882.

Fritchard, (CHARLES,) D.D., an English divine and
astronomer, born about 1808. He graduated at Saint
John's College, Cambridge, in 1830, took orders in the
Established Church, and in 1870 was appointed professor
of astronomy at Oxford. He wrote important astronomi-
cal and mathematical papers. Died May 28, 1893.

Prittwitz und GafEron, von, fon prit'wits dond
gaf'fron, (KONRAD,) a German poet, known as KONRAD
VON KRECKWITZ, was born near Nimptsch, in Silesia,
August I, 1826. He was educated at Breslau. His lyric
poems (1865, 1875, 1881) are thoughtful and well-finished
productions, which attracted much attention. He also
published some works of biography and criticism.

Fritz, paits, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German Lutheran
minister, bom at Leipsic in 1662. He preached at Leip-
ic, Zerbst, and Frankfort, and published several works
Died in 1732.

Proaeresius, pro-e-ree'she-us, [Gr. Upoaipeauif,] a
teacher of rhetoric, born in Armenia about 275 A.D. He
taught at Athens with a high reputation. Died about
365 A.D.

Fro'bus, (MARCUS AURELIUS,) an excellent Roman
emperor, born at Sirmium about 235 A.D. He served
with distinction in the armies of Valerian and succeeding
emperors, in Egypt, Arabia, Persia, and Germany. He
received the command of all the legions in the East from
Tacitus, at whose death, in 276 A.D., Probus was pro-
claimed emperor by his army. The senate confirmed
their choice. He defeated the Germans in Gaul, and
his rivals Saturninus, Proculus, and Bonosus. He was
killed by mutinous soldiers in 282 A.D., and left a very
high reputation for virtue and ability. It is said that
he had offended his troops by the expression of a hope
that the time was near when armies would be no longer
necessary.

See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire ;" AURE-
uus VICTOR. "De Csesaribus" and " Epitome."

Probus, (MARCUS VALERIUS,) a Roman grammarian,
born at Berytus, (Beyroot,) lived in the first century of
our era. He is identified by some with the Probus of
the next article.

Probus, (VALERIUS,) an eminent Roman grammarian,
who flourished probably about 100 A.D. He wrote a
commentary on Virgil, often cited by Servius, and other
works.

Procaccini, pRo-kat-chee'nee, (ANDREA,) an Italian
painter, born in Rome about 1675. He became painter
to the King of Spain in 1720. Died in Spain in J734-

Procaccini, (CAMILLO,) a painter, born at Bologna
m 1545 or 1546, was a son and pupil of Ercole the Elder.
He was remarkable for facility and for fecundity of in-
Tention. " He had," says Lanzi, " a simplicity, grace,
and spirit which charm the eye, if they do not always
satisfy the judgment." Among his works are a fresco
of " The Last Judgment," at Reggio, and an oil-picture
of " Saint Rocco curing the Sick" Died in 1626.

See LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy;" TICOZZI, "Dizzo-
urio."

Procaccini, (CARLO ANTONIO,) a painter, was a
younger brother of the preceding. He painted land-
scapes, fruits, and flowers with success. Some of his
works are dated 1605.

Procaccini, (ERCOLE,) THE ELDER, a painter, born at
Bologna in 1520, was the father of the preceding. His
style was accurate and free from mannerism, but his
design was rather minute. Among his disciples were
Sabbatini, Bertoja, his three sons, and other eminent
artists. He was living in 1591.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Procaccini, (ERCOLE,) THE YOUNGER, a son of Carlo
Antonio, was born at Milan in 1596. He was an able
painter of flowers and history. Died in 1676.

Procaccini, (GiULio CESARE,) a brother of Camillo,
noticed above, was born at Bologna in 1548, and was the
ablest painter of the family. He was one of the best
Imitators of the style of Correggio. Among his works



are a " Virgin and Child" and " The Passage of the Red
Sea." His design was correct, his composition inge-
nious, and his style noble, or grandiose. He worked
mostly at Milan, where he died in 1626.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy ."

Frocida, di, de pRo'che-di, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian
conspirator, born at Salerno about 1225, was a partisan
of the house of Hohenstaufen. He entered the service
of Pedro of Aragon, and was engaged in intrigues or
conspiracies against Charles of Anjou, who had made
himself master of Sicily. He is said to have been the
master-spirit of that massacre of the French called th*
Sicilian Vespers, (March 30, 1282.) Died after 1302.

See N. BUSCHMI, " Saggio della Vita di Giovanni di Procida, 1
.836; AMARI, " La Guerra del Vespro Siciliano;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Pro-cilll-us, a Roman historian, was a contemporary
of Cicero. His works are not extant

Pro'cles, [Hpo/c^f,] a skilful Greek engraver of
medals, whose period is unknown. His name is found
n coins of Naxos and Catana.

Pro'clus, [Gr. Tlpoidof ; Ger. PRO'KLUS,] an eminent
Greek philosopher of the Neo-Platonic schiJol, was >x>rn
at Constantinople in 412 A.D., and was surnamed DIA-
DOCHUS, ("the Successor.") He studied under Hero
and Olympiodorus at Alexandria, and under Plutarchus
at Athens, where he afterwards succeeded Syrianus as the
head of the Neo-Platonic school. He was very deficient
in judgment. Among his numerous works are a treatise
" On the Sphere," commentaries on the " Parmenides"
and "Timsus" of Plato, a treatise against the Chris-
tians, and " Institutio Theologica," (Zmixeiuaif Qcohoyuai,)
all of which are extant, (except part of the commentary
on the " Timseus.") He died in 485 A.D. According to
the extravagant estimate of M. Cousin, all the philo-
sophic rays which emanated from Pythagoras, Plato,
Aristotle, etc. were concentrated in Proclus.

See BRUCKER, " History of Philosophy ;" RITTER, " History o
Philosophy;' TENNHMANN, " Geschichte der Philosophic;" " Nou-
velle Biographic Ge'n^rale."

Proclus, SAINT, was Patriarch of Constantinople
from 434 A.U until his death, in 446. He left homilies
and epistles, which are extant

Proc'ne, [Gr. IIpo/cv^; Fr. PROGNE, pRog'na',] a
daughter of Pandi'on, King of Athens, a sister of Philo-
mela, and wife of Tereus. She was said to have been
changed into a swallow.

Prbcope. See PROCOPIUS.

Procope-Couteau, pRoTtop' koo'to', a French phy-
sician and comio author, born in Paris in 1684. His real
name was MICHEL COLTELLI. Died in 1753.

Pro-co'pl-us, a Roman general, born in Cilicia. He
aspired to supreme power in the East in 363 A.D., and
waged war against Valens, by whom he was put to death
in 366.

Pro-co'pl-us, I Gr. Ilpo/comof ; Fr. PROCOPE, pRo'-
kop',] an eminent Byzantine historian, born at Caesarea,
in Palestine, about 495 A.D. He became in 527 A.D.
secretary to Belisarius, whom he attended in his cam-
paigns against the Persians, the Vandals, (in Africa,)
and the Goths. In the Gothic war he had a high com-
mand in the navy. He returned to Constantinople about
541 A.D., and obtained the favour of Justinian, who ap-
pointed him a senator and in 562 prefect of the capital.
The question whether he was a Christian or a Pagan has
been disputed by many modern writers. His principal
work is a " History of his Own Times," in eight books,
which is highly esteemed for veracity. His style is com-
mended for vigour and elegance. There is extant a secret
and scandalous history of the Byzantine court, entitled
'fiVCKSora, which is ascribed to him ; but his authorship
is doubted. Died about 565 A.D.

See FABRICIUS, "Bibliotheca Grzca;" CAVE, " Historia Lit*


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 243 of 425)