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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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divine, born at Barnstead, New Hampshire, March 22,
1828. He graduated at Dartmouth College in 1846. He
held pastorships in Massachusetts, and acquired fame as
a writer chiefly on genealogical and denominational sub-
jects.

Qulntana, ktn-ta'ni, (MANITEL Jos*,) an eminent
Spanish poet and patriot, was born in Madrid in April,
1772. He studied law at Salamanca, where he formed
a friendship with Melendez and Cienfuegos. He began
to write verses about 1790. His "Ode to the Sea"
(1798) is one of the most beautiful in the Spanish lan-
guage. He wrote other excellent odes, one of which
is " On the Battle of Trafalgar." In 1807 he published
the first volume of the " Lives of Celebrated Spaniards,"
(3 vols., 1807-34,) which is highly commended. Between
1808 and 1814 he employed his talents and influence
against the French invaders, and wrote several eloquent



Explanations, p. 23.)



QUINTARD



2018



QUITMAN



manifestues for the national party. These services were
rewarded with rigorous imprisonment for six years
(1814-20) by Ferdinand VII., who was offended because
Quintana advocated liberal principles. He propitiated
he king by an ode in honour of his marriage in 1828,
and was permitted to return to Madrid. In 1835 he
was appointed director-general of public instruction,
and became a senator. He directed the education
of the young queen in 1840-43. He was publicly
crowned with laurel by the queen in 1855. Died in
March, 1857.

See TICKNOR, "History of Spanish Literature;" KBNNSDT.
*" Modem Poets of Spain ;" " Nouvelle Biographic G^oeVale-"

Quin-tard', (CHARLES TODD,) S.T.D., LL.D., an
American bishop, born in Stamford, Connecticut, De-
cember 22, 1824. He graduated M.D. at the New York
University in 1846. In 1851 he was appointed professor
of anatomy and physiology in the Medical College of
Memphis, Tennessee. In 1856 he was ordained a pres-
byter of the Episcopal Church, and in 1865 he was con-
iterated Bishop of Tennessee. Died February 15, 1898.
Quinte-Curce. See QUINTUS CURTIUS.
Quin-tU'I-an, [Lat QUINTILIA'NUS or QUINCTILIA'-
NUS ; Fr. QUINTILIEN, kaVte'le^N',] (MARCUS FABIUS,)
a celebrated Roman critic and teacher of rhetoric, was
born probably between 40 and 50 A. D. Jerome states
that he was a native of Calagurris, (Calahorra,) in the
northern part of Spain; but some modern writers think
he was born in Rome. He obtained a high reputation
as a pleader, and was the first public instructor who
received from the imperial treasury a regular salary.
Among his pupils was the Younger Pliny. He taught
rhetoric for twenty years, and retired from that pro-
fession in the reign of Domitian, who appointed him
preceptor of his grand-nephews. His chief work is a
treatise on the education of an orator, " Institutio Ora-
toria," divided into twelve books. This is the most
complete and methodical treatise on rhetoric that has
come down to us from antiquity. An entire copy of it
was found by Poggio at Saint Gall in 1417. His style
is clear, elegant, and highly polished. His practical
ideas are good, but his criticisms are rather superficial.
He gives judicious precepts for students, and interesting
details of the education and classic studies of the an-
cients. His merit consists in sound judgment, propriety,
and good taste, rather than in originality or elevation of
mind. He is supposed to have died about 1 18 A.D. He
wrote a work on the corruption or decadence of elo-
quence, " De Causis Corruptae Eloquentiz," which is
not extant His " Institutio" has been translated into
English by Guthrie (1756) and Patsall, (1774.)

See RUDlGBR,"De Quintiliano Piedagogo," 1850; V. OTTO,
"Quintilian und Rousseau," 1836; J. JANIN, "Pline le Jeune et
n intilien," 1838 ; HUMMEL, " Quintiliaai Vita," 1843 ; " Nouvell*



Biographic Ge'ne'rale,"

QuintUianuB. See QUINTILIAN.

Quintilien. See QUINTILIAN.

Qnintinie, de la, deh 14 ki.v'te'ne', (JEAN,) an emi-
nent French gardener and writer on gardening, was born
at Chabanais (Angoumois) in 1626. He was appointed
intendant of the fruit-gardens of the king at Versailles
in 1673. He made much improvement in the cultivation
of fruit-trees, and left a work which was for a long time
the guide of French cultivators. It is entitled " Direc-
tions for Fruit and Kitchen Gardens," (" Instructions
pour les Jardins fruitiers et potagers," 1690.) Died in
1688.

Quinto Curzio. See QUINTUS CURTIUS.

Quin'tus Cal'a-ber ur Q. Smyr-nae'us, (smir-

enee'us,) [Fr. QUINTUS DE CALABRE, kaN'rtiss' deh kf-

ItbR', or QUINTUS DE SMYRNE, klN'tuss' deh smtRn,]



a Greek poet, known only as the author of one poem, is
supposed to have lived about 500 A.D. He is called
CALABER because a manuscript of his work was found
in Calabria. According to his own statement, he was a
nathre of Smyrna. He wrote a continuation of Homer's
'* Iliad," ('Otajpov nopoAiTro/jcva,) which contains some
beautiful passages. The subjects of it are those events
of the Trojan war which are not related by Homer.
Quintus Claudius Quadrigarius. See QUADRI-

GAR1US.

Quin'tus Cur'tius (kur'she-us) Ru'fus, [Fr. QUINTS-
CURCE, kiNt kiiRss ; It QUINTO CURZIO, kwen'to
kooRt'se-o,) a Roman historian of uncertain period, is
supposed to have lived after the Augustan age. Nothing
is known of his birthplace or personal history. We
find in ancient writers no passage which certainly refers
to him. He is the author of a " History of Alexan-
der the Great," (" De Rebus Alexandri Magni Regis
Macedonum,") in ten books, of which the first and second
are lost. The merit of this history is variously estimated.
His style is easy, clear, and rhetorical. He is deficient
in critical judgment and in a knowledge of geography
and military tactics. Among his modern admirers are
Vossius, Bayle, Rapin, Tiraboschi, and La Harpe. His
work has been translated into English by Brende and
Digby.

See BUTTMANN, " Ueber das Leben des Geschichtschreibers
Quintus Curtius Rufus," 1820; J. E. MULLBR, "Proeramma d
Q. Curtio Rufo," 1695: ADOLPH HIRT, "Ueber das Leben des
Geschichtschreibers Q. Curtius Rufus," 1820: NIBBUHK, " KJeine
Schriften," L

Quintus de Calabre or de Smyrne. See QUIN-
rus CALABER.

Quintus IciliuB. See GUICHARD.

Quiot du Passage, keV dii prstzh', (J4ROME
JOACHIM,) a French general, born at Alixan (Diame) in
1775 ; died in 1849.

Quirini. See QUERINI.

Quirinufl, a surname of ROMULUS, (which see.)

Quiroga, ke-ro'gi, (JosE,) a Spanish Jesuit, born in
Galicia in 1707. About 1745 he was sent by the King
of Spain to explore Patagonia. He wrote a journal of
his voyage, which was inserted by Charlevoix in his
" History of Paraguay." Died in 1784.

Quiros, kee'r6s, (LORENZO,) a Spanish painter, born
in Estremadura in 1717. He worked at Seville, and
imitated Murillo with success. Died in 1789.

Quiros, (PEDRO.) See QUEIROS.

Quirot, ke'ro', (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a French advocate,
born in Franche-Comti about 1760, was a moderate
member of the Convention, (1792-95.) In the trial of
the king he voted for imprisonment Died in 1830.

Quistorp, kwis'toRp, (JoHANN,) a German Lutheran
divine and biblical commentator, born at Rostock in
1584. He became professor of divinity in his native
city in 1614. Died in 1648.

Quistorp, von, fon kwis'toRp, (JoHANN CHRISTIAN,)
a German jurist, born at Rostock in 1737, became pro-
fessor of law at Biitzow. Died in 1795.
Quita, kee'ti, (DOMINGOS DOS REIS,) a Portuguese
poet, born in 1728. He wrote " Inez de Castro," and
other tragedies. Died in 1770.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe,"

Quit/man, (JOHN ANTHONY,) an American general
and Democratic politician, born in Dutchess county,
New York, in 1799. Appointed to the command of a
brigade in 1846, he fought with distinction in the prin-
cipal engagements of the Mexican war, and was subse-
quently elected Governor of Mississippi. He was chosen
a member of Congress in 1855 and in 1857. Died in 1858.

See CLAIBOKNE, " Life of J. A. Quitman," i86cx



5 e, !,6,u, y, long, k e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short ;Z^K, i,o. obscure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; good j



2019



RACAN



R



Ra, rl, the great sun-god of the ancient Egyptians,
sometimes confounded (or, more correctly, compounded)
with AMMON, (q. v.,) or Amen, whence the name Amun-
Ra. Ra was more extensively worshipped than any other
Egyptian deity except Osiris.

Raabe, (WiLH ELM,) a German novelist, born at
Eschershausen, Brunswick, in 1831. He wrote under
the name of Jakob Corvinus.

Raaff, rif, (ANTON,) a German tenor-singer, born in
1714, at Holzem, near Bonn. He was destined for the
priesthood, but his fine voice attracted the attention of thy
Elector Clement Augustus, who had him trained for the
operatic stage. He sang with great success in the prin-
cipal German cities, and also in Naples, whither he ac-
companied Farinelli in 1759. Died in Munich, May 27,
1797.

Raban Maur. See RABANUS.

Rabanus Maurus Magnentius, rJ-bJ'nus mow'-
rus mag-nen'se-Os, [Fr. RABAN MAUR, ri'bS.N' moK,] a
German theologian, born at or near Mentz about 786 or
776 A.D. He became Archbishop of Mentz in 847. He
wrote commentaries on Scripture, and was regarded as
one of the greatest scholars and writers of his time.
Died in 856 A.D.

See "Gallia Christiana ;" " Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Rabaut, rf bo', (PAUL,) an eminent French Protestant
minister, born at Bedarieux in 1718. He preached many
years at Nimes, and was much persecuted. Died at
Nimes in 1794.

See J. PONS, " Notice sur P. Rabaut," 1808.

Rabaut-Pommier, rS'bo' po'me-i', (JACQUES AN-
TOINE,) a French Girondist, born atTJimes in 1744, was
a son of the preceding. He was elected to the Conven-
tion in 1792, was proscribed in 1793, and imprisoned
until the 9th Thermidor, 1794. In 1801 he became pas-
tor of the Protestant Church of Paris. Some French
writers claim for him the honour of the discovery of
vaccination. Died in 1820.

See HAAG, " La France protestante."

Rabaut-Saint-fitienne, r4'b5' saN'ti'te-en', QEAN
PAUL,) a brother of the preceding, was born at Nimes in
1743, and was a Protestant minister before the Revolu-
tion. He distinguished himself by his eloquence in the
Constituent Assembly, (1789-92,) and voted against the
death of the king in the Convention. Having taken side
with the Girondists, he was outlawed in July, and exe-
cuted in December, 1793. He left several able historical
and political works.

See COLLIN DH PLANCY, " Notice de Rabaut-Samt-E*tienne,"
prefixed to his works, 1826; HAAG, "La France protestante;"
Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Rabbe, rfb, (ALPHONSE,) a French litterateur, born
at Riez, in Provence, in 1786. He was one of the editors
of the " Biographie universelle des Contemporains," by
Rabbe, Boisjolin, and Saint-Preuve. Died in 1830.

Rabel, rirbel', (DANIEL,) a French painter of por-
traits and flowers, was born about 1578 ; died after 1630.

Rabel, (JEAN,) a painter and engraver, born at Beau-
vais, was the lather of the preceding. He painted
portraits of several kings and queens. Died in Paris
in 1603.

Rabelaesius See RABELAIS.

Rabelais, rrbeh-iy or rib'l&', [Lat. RABEL'SIUS,|
(FRANCOIS,) a famous and humorous French satirist,
born at Chinon, in Touraine, in 1495, or > 3S some say, in
1483. At an early age he joined the order ol Franciscans,
but, finding the monastic life incompatible with his genial
disposition, he quitted the convent without the consent
ol his superiors. He had made himself master of Greek,
Latin, and other languages. He was also versed in
several sciences. It is difficult or impossible to distin-
guish the real events of his life amidst the multitude of
strange adventures and ludicrous anecdotes which are
told respecting him. He began to study medicine at
Montpellier about 1530, after which he practised at



Lyons. In 1536 he accompanied to Rome the ambas-
sador Cardinal Du Bellay, who had been his friend in
early life. He obtained absolution from the pope for his
neglect of the monastic vows, and took his degree in
medicine at Montpellier in 1537. His chief work is a
humorous romance, entitled " The Pleasant Story of the
Giant Gargantua and his Son Pantagruel," (" Les Faits
et Diets du Geant Gargantua et de son Fils Panta-
gruel,") in which he satirizes all classes of society, es-
pecially the monks. He obtained from Francis I. in
1545 a privilege to print the third part of this work.
The first part had been published anonymously in 1535.
The work was denounced as heretical by the clergy and
monks, but the author was protected by Francis I. He
became curate of Meudon about 1545. Died about 1553.

" The most celebrated," says Hallam, " and certainly
the most brilliant performance in the path of fiction that
belongs to this age is that of Rabelais. Few books are
less likely to obtain the praise of a rigorous critic ; but
few have more the stamp of originality, or show a more
redundant fertility always of language and sometimes of
imagination." (" Introduction to the Literature of Eu-
rope.") " Beyond a doubt," says Coleridge, " he waa
among the deepest as well as boldest thinkers of his
age. ... I class Rabelais with the great creative minds,
Shakspeare, Dante, Cervantes, etc."

A good edition of his chief work was published by
Burgaud des Marets and Rathery, (2 vols., 1858.)

See DELBCLUSR, " F. Rabelais," 1841 : P. LACROIX. " Vie de
Rabelais," 1859; E. NofiL, "Le"gendes Franchises; Rabelais,"
1859; ALMQUIST, "Dissertatio de Vita et Scriptis F. Rabebesii,"
1838; "Lives of the Most Eminent French Writers," by MRS.
SHELLEY; "Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale :" " Foreign Quarterly
Review" for July, 1843 : " British Quarterly Review" for November,
1849: " Fraser's Magazine" for November, 1839.

Rabener, ra'beh-ner, (GOTTLIEB 'WILHELM,) a popu-
lar German writer, born near Leipsic in 1714, was an
intimate friend of Gellert He published a collection
of satires in the form of letters, (1751,) also "Friendly
Letters." He was employed many years at Dresden as
counsellor in the department of customs. Died in 1771.

See MUSK. "An Rabeners Schatten," 1771 ; GBRVINUS, " Natio-
aalliteratur."

Ra-blrl-ua, (CAIUS,) a Roman poet, was a contem-
porary of Virgil. He wrote a poem on the battle of
Actium, fragments of which are extant,

Rabirius, (CAIUS,) a Roman, who was accused of
complicity in the death of Saturninus. He was defended
by Cicero (63 B.C.) in a speech, part of which is extant

Raboteau, rfbo'to', (PIERRE PAUL,) a French poet,
born at La Rochelle in 1765 ; died in 1825.

Rabou, rf boo', (CHARLES,) a French novelist and
journalist, born in Paris in 1803 ; died Feb. I, 1871.

Rabuel, ri'bii-el', (CLAUDE,) a French mathematician
born at Ponte-de-Vesle in 1669 ; died at Lyons in 1728.

Rabus, rl'bus, (PlETER,) a Dutch poet, born at Rot-
terdam in 1660. He wrote " Britain Delivered," (" Ver-
lost Britannie," 1689,) and some prose works. Died in
1702.

RabutLo. See BUSSY-RABUTIN.

Rabutiu, de, deh rfbii'tlN', (FRANCOIS,) a French
historical writer, was a grandfather of Bussy-Rabutin.
He wrote a "History of the War between Henry II.
and Charles V.," (1555.) Died in 1582.

Racagni, ra-kin'yee, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian pro-
fessor of physical sciences, born near Voghera in 1741.
He wrote " Theory of Fluids," ("Teorica de' Fluid!,"
1779.) Died at Milan in 1822.

Racan, de, deh rt'koN', (HONORAT de Bueil deh
bul or buh'ye,) MARQUIS, a French poet, born in Tou-
raine in 1589, was a friend of Malherbe. He wrote
" Les Bergeries," (" Pastorals," 1628,) and other poems.
" Racan had more genius than Malherbe," says Boileau,
"but he was more negligent." He was a member of the
French Academy. Died in 1670.

See " Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."



as k; 9 as s: g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural: N, nasal; R, trilled; s as ; th as in this. (fl^~See Explanations, p. 23,'



RACCHETTI



RADCLIFFE



Racchetti, rak - ket'tec, ( BERNARDO, ) an Italian
painter, born at Milan in 1639 ; died in 1702.

Ra'chel, [Heb. Sm ; It. RACHELE, ra-ka'li,] a He-
brew matron, was a daughter of Laban, and the favourite
wife of the patriarch Jacob.

See Genesis xxix., xxx., xxxi., and xxxv.

Rachel, rf'shgl', (ELISABETH RACHEL FfiLix,) a
French tragic actress, born in the canton of Argovie,
Switzerland, in 1820, was a daughter of a Jewish ped-
lar. She made her debut at the Theatre Francais
of Paris in 1838, and performed parts in the tragedies
of Comeille and Racine with great success. Her gait,
ttitudes, gestures, and voice concurred to produce power-
ful effects with a great simplicity of means. She was
much applauded in the riles of " Marie Stuart" and
"Joan of Arc." In 1855 she performed in New York,
Boston, and Philadelphia. She died near Cannes (Var)
in 1858.

SeeEucENB DBMIRECOURT, " Mademoiselle Rachel ;" L BEAU-
VALLET, " Rachel et le Nouveau- Monde," 1856; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge*ne*rale. "

Rachel, raK'el, (JOACHIM,) a German satirical poet,
born at Lunden, Holstein, in 1618. He was rector of
colleges at Norden and Sleswick, and wrote ten satires,
(1664,) in which he imitated Juvenal and Persius with
some success. Died in 1669.

See GKRVINUS, " Nationalliteratur."

Rachetti, ra-ket'tee, or Racchetti, rak-ket'tee,
(ViNCENZO,) an Italian physician, born at Crema in
1777. He wrote a " Theory of the Physical Prosperity
of Nations," (1802.) Died in 1819.

Racine, ri'sen', (BoNAVENTURE,) a French Jansenist
ecclesiastic, born in the diocese of Noyon in 1708, was a
relative of the poet Racine. He published an " Eccle-
siastical History," (13 vols., 1748-56.) Died in 1755.

Racine, ras'seen' or ri'sen', (JEAN,) an excellent
French dramatic poet, born at Ferte'-Milon (Aisne) De-
cember 21, 1639. His parents, who were bourgeois, died
before he was four years old. He studied at the College
of Beauvais, and afterwards at the famous school of Port-
Royal, in which he passed three years, (1655-58.) He
became a good Latin and Greek scholar. He began his
poetical career by " La Nymphe de la Seine," (1660,) an
ode on occasion of the marriage of Louis XIV., which
procured for him a small pension. Having become dis-
gusted with the study of theology, which an uncle had
persuaded him to pursue, he went to Paris, and formed
friendships with Boileau and Moliere. He produced in
1664 the tragedy of " La Thebaide, ou les Freres enne-
mis," which had some success. The first work which
revealed the power and peculiar character of his genius
was " Andromaque," (1667.) In 1668 he surprised the
public by a comedy called " The Litigants," (" Les Plai-
deurs,") which was very successful. He afterwards pro-
duced the tragedies of " Britannicus," (1669,) " Ber<*-
nice," (1670,) "Bajazet," (1672,) " Mithridate," (1673,)
"Iphigenie," (1674,) and " Phedre," (1677.) "I avow,"
says Voltaire, "that I regard ' Iphige'nie' as the chef-
fteuvre of the stage." He was admitted into the
French Academy in 1673.

At the age of thirty-eight he resolved to renounce
dramatic composition. This resolution is variously
ascribed to religious scruples, wounded sensibilities, or
disgust excited by envious intrigues and malicious criti-
cisms. He married in 1677 a pious young woman of
Amiens, named Catherine Romanet, and was appointed
historiographer by Louis XIV. In compliance with the
wish of Madame de Maintenon, Racine wrote " Esther,"
a drama, (1689,) and "Athalie," (1691,) which was his
last, and, in the opinion of Boileau, his best, drama. In
the latter part of his life he was gentleman-in-ordinary
to the king, who often conversed with him, and treated
him with favour. Among his intimate friends were
Boileau, La Fontaine, and La Bruyere. Racine wrote
about 1695 a "History of Port-Royal," the style of
which is so neat and perspicuous that it entitles him to
rank in the list of those authors who have succeeded
both in verse and prose. His natural disposition was
rather melancholy and tender. During the last twenty
years of his life he was a devout member of the Church.
He died on the 2ist of April, 1699.



It is usual to compare Racine with Corneille as a rival
poet. "Voltaire, La Harpe, and in general the later
French critics," says Hallam, " have given the prefer-
ence to Racine. I presume to join my suffrage to theirs.
Racine appears to me the superior tragedian ; and I
must add that I think him next to Shakspeare among
all the moderns. The comparison with Euripides is so
natural that it can hardly be avoided. Certainly no
tragedy of the Greek poet is so skilful or perfect as
'Athalie' or 'Britannicus.' . . . The style of Racine is
exquisite. Perhaps he is second only to Virgil among
all poets. But I will give the praise of this in the words
of a native critic : ' If we consider that his perfection in
these respects may be opposed to that of Virgil, and
that he spoke a language less flexible, less poetical, and
less harmonious, we shall readily believe that Racine is,
of all mankind, the one to whom nature has given the
greatest talent for versification.' (La Harpe.) "

See " Memoirs of J. Racine," by his son Louis, 1747 ; LA HARPE,
" Eloge de Racine," 1772; SAINTE-BEUVE, "Causeries du Lundi;"
LONGFELLOW, "Poetsand Poetryof Europe ;" " NouveHe Biographic
Ge"ne>ale ;" L. A. C. BBYLB, " Racine et Shakspeare," 2 vols., 1823-
25; NAIGEON, "Notice sur la Vie de Racine," 1783; VILLEMAIN,
" Cours de Litte>ature :" "Lives of the Most Eminent French
Writers," by MRS. SHELLEY.

Racine, (Louis,) the second son of the preceding,
was born in Paris in 1692, and was a poet and critic of
considerable merit. Boileau advised him not to write
verse ; for, said he, " since the world began there has
been no instance of two great poets related to each other
as father and son." He wrote a poem entitled "La
Grace," (1720,) and another entitled "La Religion,"
(1742,) which was highly praised by J. B. Rousseau,
and passed through sixty editions. He was employed
for many years as clerk or collector of taxes, (directeur
des fermes.) In 1755 his son was drowned at Cadiz by
the earthquake which nearly destroyed Lisbon. Died
in 1763.

See LK BEAU, ""loge de Louis Racine," 1763 ; ADRIBN DE LA
HOQUE, "Vie de L. Racine," 1852; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'-
rale."

Rack, (EDMUND,) an English poet, born in Norfolk
in 1735; died in 1787.

Racle, rikl, (LEONARD,) a French architect, born in
Dijon in 1736. He was employed at Ferney by Voltaire,
who recommended him to the prime minister Choiseul.
Died in 1791.

Raczynski, ra-chin'skee, (ATHANASIUS,) a Polish
writer on art, born in 1788. He was Prussian minister
at Copenhagen, Lisbon, and Madrid from 1840 to 1853.
He wrote (in French) a "History of Modern Art in
Germany," (3 vols., 1836-42,) which is a work of some
merit Died August 21, 1874.

Raczynski, (EDUARD,) a Polish count and writer,
Jorn at Posen in 1786, was a brother of the preceding.
He presented to his native city a library of twenty thou-
sand volumes. Among his publications are "Travels in
:he Ottoman Empire," (1821,) and a "Cabinet of Polish
Medals," (4 vols., 1841-45.) He committed suicide in
1845.

Rad'bert, [Fr. pron. rid'baiR',] (PASCHASE,) a French
monk, born near Soissons. He wrote several works,
one of which is " On the Eucharist" He advocated
the dogma of transubstantiation. Died in 865 A.D.

Radcliffe or Radclyffe, rad'klif, (ANN,) a popular
English novelist, born in London in 1764. Her maiden
name was WARD. She was married about 1786 to Wil-
iam Radcliffe, editor of the "English Chronicle." Her
most successful works are "The Romance of the Forest"
1791,) and "The Mysteries of Udolpho," (1794.) The
terrible, sombre, mysterious, and marvellous predomi-
nate in her compositions. Died in 1823.

See SIR WALTER SCOTT'S Miscellaneous Prose Works; MRS.
ELWOOD, " Memoirs of the Literary Ladies of England from the
Commencement of the Last Century," vol. ii., 1843; "Edinburgh
Review" for July, 1834 ; " Monthly Review" for May, 1792, and
tlarch, 1797.

Radcliffe, (JAMES.) See DERWENTWATER.

Radcliffe, (JoHN,) a successful English physician,
x>rn at Wakefield, Yorkshire, in 1650, was educated at
Oxford. He settled in London in 1684, and soon ob-
tained a large practice, to which his talent for pleasantry
and witticisms is said to have contributed. He Became



4. e, T, o, ii, y, long; A, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; far, fill, fit; m8t; not; good; moon:



RADCLIFFE



2021



RAEBURN



chief physician to the princess Anne in 1686, after which
date he was employed professionally by King William,
whom he once offended by his rudeness or freedom of
speech. He died in November, 1714. He bequeathed


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 249 of 425)