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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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j4O,ooo to build or found a library at Oxford which
bears his name, and other large sums for charitable uses.
See W. PITTIS, " Radcliffe's Life and Letters," 1715 ; " Biogra-
phia Britanmca."

RadcliSe or Ratcliffe, (THOMAS,) Earl of Sussex,
an English statesman, born about 1526, was a son of
Henry, Earl of Sussex. He was sent to Spain to nego-
tiate the marriage between Queen Mary and Philip II.,
and on his return became lord deputy of Ireland. It,
1569 he was appointed president of the North. He
rendered important services in the suppression of the
northern rebellion. He became lord chamberlain about
1572. Died in 1583.

Raddi, rad'dee, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian botanist, born
at Florence in 1770. He was associated in 1828 with
Rose liini and Champollion in a mission to Egypt. When
about to return home, he died at Rhodes in 1829.

See G. SAVI, " Alia Memoria di G. Raddi," 1830.
Radegast, ra'de-gast', the many-headed war-god of
the ancient Slavic races.



_

made capt :

noted for piety, and abounded in works of charity to the
poor. She escaped from Clothaire about 544 A.D., be-
came a nun, and founded a large convent at Poitiers.
Died in 587 A.D.

See ED. DK FLBURY, "Viede Sainte-Radegonde," 1843; " Nou-
tfelle Biographic Generale."

Rademacher, ra'deh-maK'er, or Radermaoher, ra'-
der-maK'er, (J. C. M.,) a Dutch geographer, born in 1741.
He founded the Society of Sciences at Batavia in 1778.
Died at sea in 1783.

Rademacher, ra'deh-maK'er, QOHANN GOTTFRIED,)
a distinguished German physician, born at Hamm in
1772; died in 1849.

Rademacher, r.Vdeh-ma'Ker, (JOSEPH,) D.D., an
American bishop, born at Westphalia, Michigan, De-
cember 3, 1840. He was educated at Saint Michael's
Seminary, Pittsburg, was ordained to the Roman
Catholic priesthood in 1863, in 1883 was consecrated
Bishop of Nashville, Tennessee, and in 1893 of Fort
Wayne, Indiana.

Rademacker. See RADEMAKER.
Rademaker, ra'deh-mak'er. written also Rade-
macker, (ABRAHAM,) a Dutch landscape-painter and
engraver of high reputation, born at Amsterdam in 1675.
He painted in oil and in water-colours. His landscapes
are adorned with figures, ruins, and buildings. He pro-
duced after his own designs many engravings, which are
highly prized. Died in 1735.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintres Flamands, Hollandais," etc.

Rademaker or Rademacker, (GERARD,) an emi-
nent painter of history and architecture, born at Amster-
dam in 1673, is supposed to have been a brother of the
preceding. He studied in Rome, and returned to Holland.
He excelled in invention, in facility of execution, and in
perspective. Died in 1711.

See DESCAMPS, "Vies des Peintres Flaroands, Hollandais," etc.

Rader, ra'der, [Lat. RADE'RUS,] (MATTHAUS.) a
learned Jesuit, born in the Tyrol in 1561. He wrote
notes on Quintus Curtius and Martial, and severa
original works, among which is " Bavaria Sancta," (;
vols., 1625-27.) Died at Munich in 1634.

Rader or Raeder, ra'der, (JACOB TODE,) a military
writer, born in Norway in 1798. He wrote a " Militarj
and Political History of Denmark," (1845-52.) Died 1853

Raderus. See RADER.

Radet, iS'dy, (ETIENNE,) a French general, born a<
Stenay in 1762. He was made a general of brigade it
1800 by Bonaparte, who gave him the chief commanc
of all the gendarmerie, (armed police.) In 1809 he was
ordered to Rome. In July of that year he arrested the
pope in his palace and conducted him to Florence. He
received the title of baron, (1809,) and became a genera
of division in 1813. Died in 1825.

See "Nouvelle BioKraphie G^nerale."



Radet, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French dramatist, born
t Dijon in 1752. He wrote vaudevilles. Died in 1830.
Radetzky, ra-det'skee, (JOSEPH WENZEL,) a cele-
Tated field-marshal in the Austrian service, born in
tohemia in 1766. He served in the Turkish campaigns
f 1788-89, and subsequently against the French on the
^hine and in Italy. For his distinguished bravery at
le battle of Wagram he was made lieutenant-field-mar-
hal, and he took an active part in the campaigns from
813 to 1815. In the revolution of 1848 he effected a
easterly retreat from Milan, then in open revolt against
Austria, and, having soon after gained several advantages
ver the Sardinians under Charles Albert, signally de-
eated them at Novara in March, 1849. He next took
possession of Venice, after an obstinate siege, and was
ppointed governor-general and military commander of
Jpper Italy. He had been created a field-marshal in
836, and had received the order of Maria Theresa and
he principal military orders of Europe. Died in 1858.

See GRAF RADBTZKV, " Biographische Skizze nach den eigenen
)ictaten," etc., Stuttgart, 1858: PRINCE TRUBETZKOI. " Les Cam-
3agnes de Radetzky," i36i ; "Jahrbuch zutn Conversations-Lezi
ion," 1860.

Rad'ford, (WILLIAM,) an American naval officei,
lorn in Virginia. He entered the navy in 1825, and
lommanded the Ironsides in the attack on Fort Fisher
n December, 1864. He was appointed rear-admiral in
"uly, 1866. Died January 8, 1890.

Radier, du. See DREUX DU RADIER.

Radouvilliers, de, deh rt'doN've'ye^', (CLAUDE
FRANC.OIS LYSARDE,) a French writer, born in Paris in
1709. He became sub-preceptor of the princes in 1757,
and was admitted into the French Academy in 1763.
Among his works is a "Treatise on Grammar," (1768.)
Died in 1789.

Radowitz, von, fon ra'do-wits', (JOSEPH,) a Prussian
statesman and general, born at Blankenburg in 1797,
became professor of mathematics at the military school
at Cassel, and was subsequently appointed teacher to
Prince Albert. He was minister-plenipotentiary to the
Diet at Frankfort in 1836. He published several works
on mathematics and military affairs. Died in 1853.

Radziwill, rld'ze-wil, (CHRISTOPHER,) a Lithuanian
general, born in 1585. He commanded a Polish army
which held Gustavus Adolphus in check in Livonia and
Courland. Died in 1640.

Radziwill, (GEORGE,) a Lithuanian general, born in
1480. He gained a aumber of victories over the Mus-
covites and Tartars, and in 1533 obtained the rank of
grand general. Died in 1541.

Radziwill, (NICOLAS,) a Lithuanian nobleman, born
about 1515. He was palatin of Wilna, and a zealous
supporter of the Reformation. Died about 1565.

Rae, ra, (JoHN,) M.D., a British traveller, born in the
Orkney Islands in 1813. He studied medicine at the
University of Edinburgh, 1829-33, went to the Hudson
Bay forts as a ship's surgeon, lived as surgeon at Moose
Fort, 1835-45, and led the Arctic survey expedition to
Repulse Bay in 1846-47. He accompanied Richardson's
Franklin search expedition in 1849-50, and himself led
expeditions for the same object in 1851-52 and 1853-54.
the last of which by its success earned for his party the
reward of jlO,OOO. He also took charge of a telegraph
survey, via Faroe, Iceland, and Greenland, in 1860, and
of another across the Rocky Mountains in 1864. He
published a "Narrative of the Expedition of 1846-47,"
(1850,) etc. Died July 24, 1893.

Rae, (WILLIAM ERASER,) an English author, born
in 1835. He wrote numerous works, including novels,
books of travel, works on Canada, " Egypt To-Day,"
(1892,) "Sheridan," (1896,) etc.

Raeburn, ra'burn, (Sir HENRY,) a British portrait-
painter, born at or near Edinburgh in 1756. He studied
in Italy, from which he returned to Edinburgh in 1787.
He was afterwards the most eminent portt-ait-painter
of that city or of all Scotland. In 1815 he was chosen a
member of the Royal Academy of London. Among his
works are portraits of Sir Walter Scott, Lord Jeffrey,
and James Watt. The heads of his portraits are e
pecially admired. Died in 1823.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."



c as k: c as s: g hard: g as ;. o, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. 1 2=See Explanations, p. 23.)



RAEDER 2c

Raeder. See RADER.

Rsemond. See REMOND.

Raepsaet, rip'sSt, (JEAN JOSEPH,) a Belgian histo-
rian, born in 171:0. He sat in the corps Kgislatif of France
from 1803 to 1813. His chief work is " An Analysis of
the Origin and Progress of the Civil, Political, and Re-
ligious Laws of the Belgians and Gauls." Died in 1832.

See CORNELISSEN, " Notice sur M. Raepsaet," 1836.

Raethel. See RATHEL.

Raff, rif, (JOSEPH JOACHIM,) a Swiss musical com-
poser, born at Lachen, May 27, 1822. His compositions
are numerous and embrace a great variety. Died in 1882.

Raffaelle or Raffaello. See RAPHAEL.

Raffaelli, rlf-fa-el'lee, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian advo-
cate and jurist, born in Calabria in 1750. He succeeded
Beccaria in the chair of public law at Milan in 1801. His
chief work is "Nomotesia Penale," (5 vols., 1820-25.)
Died at Naples in 1826.

Rafiaellino dal Colle. See COLLE, DAI.

Raffaellino del Garbo, raf-fa-e'l-lee'p.o del gaR'bo, a
painter, born at Florence in 1466. His style is said to
have degenerated in consequence of the haste with which
he worked after he began to be pressed with the care
of a family. Died in 1524.

Raffei, raf-fa'ee, (STEFANO,) an Italian antiquary, born
in Tuscany in 1712 ; died in 1788.

Raffeneau-Delile, rifno' deh-lel', (ALIRE,) a French
botanist, born at Versailles in 1778. He was associated
with the savants who accompanied the expedition to
Egypt in 1798, and performed a scientific mission to the
United States in 1803. He wrote a "Flora of Egypt,"
and other works. Died at Montpellier in 1850.

Raffenel, riPn?!', (ANNE JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French
traveller, born at Versailles in 1809. He published
" Travels in Western Africa, comprising the Exploration
of the Senegal," (1846,) and a description of Soodan,
entitled "New Journey in the Country of the Negroes,"
(" Nouveau Voyage dans !e Pays des Negres," 2 vols.,
1856.) Died in Madagascar in 1858.

Raffenel, (CLAUDE DENIS,) a French littlrateur, bom
In 1797 ; died at Athens in 1827.

Raffet, rffV, (DENIS AUGUSTE MARIE,) a French
designer and painter, born in Paris in 1804. He pub-
lished many lithographs of battles and other martial
scenes. Died in 1860.

Raffles, raffelz, (THOMAS,) D.D., L.L.D., an English
dissenting minister, born in London in 1788, was a
cousin of Sir Stamford Raffles. He became minister
of a Congregational church in Great George Street,
Liverpool, about 1812, and acquired a wide reputation
as a preacher. He continued to occupy that pulpit
about fifty years. He published a number of sermons
and lectures. Died in Liverpool in 1863.

Raffles, (Sir THOMAS STAMFORD,) an English natu-
ralist and administrator, born at sea, off Jamaica, in
1781. He was appointed secretary of the government
of the East India Company at Pulo-Penang about 1806,
and became in 1811 lieutenant-governor of Java, to the
capture of which he had greatly contributed. He made
researches into the geography and natural history ol
that island, and published a " History of Java," (2 vols.,
1817.) In 1818 he was appointed lieutenant-governor
at Bencoolen, in Sumatra, in the zoology of which he
made some discoveries. He made a large collection
of animals, plants, etc., many of which, with his papers
and drawings, were destroyed by fire on board of a ship,
(1824.) His loss was estimated at 20,000. He re-
signed in 1824, and died in England in 1826.

See "Memoir of Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles," by his wife,
1830; "Nouvelle Biographic General* ;" "Quarterly Review" foi
March, 1830; Monthly Review" for August, 1818.

Rafineaque, rS'fe'ne'sk', (CONSTANTINE SMALTZ,)
burn near Constantinople, of French parents, in 1784,
became professor of botany and natural history at Tran-
sylvania University, Lexington, Kentucky, and subse-
quently settled in Philadelphia. He published a book
of travels and several botanical works. Died September
1 8, 1842.

Raffort, rrfoR', (ETIENNE,) a French painter, born
at Chalons-sur-Saone about 1805. He painted land-
scapes, sea-ports, etc.



22 RAHBEK

Rafh, rim, (CARL CHRISTIAN,) a Danish antiquary,
distinguished as a lover of Icelandic literature, was
born in the island of Fu'nen in 1796. He published
"Heroic Traditions of the North," (3 vols., 1825-30,)
"Nordlanda," (3 vols., 1829-30,) and "American An-
tiquities," ("Antiquitates Americanae," 1837,) which
contains evidence that the Icelanders or Scandinavians
discovered America in the tenth century. He resided
at Copenhagen. Died in 1865.

See ERSLEW, "Udsigt over C. Rafc's Levnet," 1840, and " For-
tttter-Leiicon."

Raggi, rid'jee, (NICOLAS BERNARD,) a sculptor, born
at Carrara in 1791, worked at Paris. Among his works
are statues of Henry IV., " Bayard dying," and " Meta-
bus, King of the Volsci." Died in 1862.

Rag'lan,(jAMES HENRY FITZROY SOMERSET,) BARON,
an English general, born in 1788, was a younger son of
Henry, fifth Duke of Beaufort. His mother was a
daughter of Admiral Bosca wen. He served as aide-de-
camp to the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula from
1809 to 1814, and at Waterloo, where he lost his right
arm. In 1819 he became military secretary to the Duke
of Wellington, whom he accompanied to the Congress
of Vienna and that of Verona, (1822.) He was appointed
master-general of the ordnance in 1852, and raised to
the peerage as Baron Raglan. Before this promotion
he was styled Lord Fitzroy Somerset. He commanded
the British army in the Crimean war, which began in

1854, and co-operated with the French at Alma in Sep-
tember. His army suffered great disasters during the
long siege of Sebastopol, (1854-55,) for want of pro-
visions, etc. He was painfully affected by the repulses
and losses of the allies, and died in the camp in June,

1855, leaving his title to his son, Richard Henry Fitzroy.
See E. TRXICR, "Les Hommes de la Guerre d'Orient: Lord

Raglan," 1854; Biographical Sketches," by H. MARTINEAU.

Ragnar, rdg'nar, (or Ragnar Lodbrok 15d'brok,)
written also Reg'ner, a famous legendary hero of the
Northmen, is supposed to have been the son of King
Sigurd of Sweden, and to have lived about 800 A.D.

He is regarded as the most striking type of the anciem
vikings of the North. There is a legendary history of
him, entitled " History of King Ragnar Lodbrok and his
Sons," (" Saga af Ragnari Konungi LoSbrok ok Sonura
hans,") which is supposed to have been written in the
fourteenth century, although it contains many poems of
an older date, belonging to the golden age of Skaldic
literature, that is, about the tenth century.

Ragnarock. See LOKI.

Rago'na, (DoMENico,) an Italian astronomer,
born at Palermo in 1820. After visiting and investi-
gating ihe principal observatories of Europe, he was
made director of the observatory at Palermo, and in
1860 of that at Modena. He published numerous
valuable papers on meteorology and devised many
new instruments, and is regarded as one of the ablest
of meteorologists.
_Ragotzky. See RAKoczv.

Rag'ozin, (ZENAIDE ALEXEIEVNA,) a Russian
author, who in 1874 became a naturalized citizen of
the United States. She wrote the stories of Chaldea ;
Assyria; Media, Babylon, and Persia; and Vedic India
for the " Stories of the Nations" series; also " Sieg-
fried, the Hero of the Netherlands," "Beowulf, the
Hero of the Anglo-Saxons," etc.

Raguenet, rtg'n^', ( FRANCOIS,) a French priest and
litterateur, born at Rouen about 1660. He published a
" Life of Cromwell, "(1691,) "The Monuments of Rome,"
(1700,) and a " Life of Turenne," (1738.) Died in 1722.

Raguet, rfgj', ? (CoNDY,) an American diplomatist
and writer, born at Philadelphia in 1784, was appointed
in 1822 consul at Rio Janeiro. He was the author of a
treatise " On Currency and Banking," " Principles of
Free Trade," and other works. Died in 1842.

Ragusa, DUKE OF. See MARMONT.

Ragusa, ra-goo'si, (GERONIMO,) a learned Jesuit,
born in Sicily in 1655 ; died about 1715.

Rahbek, ri'be'k, (KNUD I.YNE,) a Danish author and
critic, born at Copenhagen in 1760. He became pro-



i, e, i, o, ii, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short: a. e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; m?t; n6t; good; m<5an-



RAHL



2023



RAKOCZY



fessor of aesthetics in his native city in 1790. He wrote
dramas, tales, and lyric poems, and translated many
English works. Among his best works is " The Danish
Spectator," a periodical, (1791-1806.) He was a judi-
cious and candid critic. His writings are said to have
exerted a happy influence on Danish literature and the
public taste. He resigned the chair of aesthetics in 1825.
Died in 1830.

Rahl, (KARL HEINRICH,) a German engraver, born
near Heidelberg in 1779, was a member of the Academy
of Arts at Vienna. Among his master-pieces are prints
after Raphael's " Saint Margaret," Correggio's " Night,"
and the "Madonna" of Perugino. Died in 1843.

Rahn, rSn, (JpHANN HEINRICH,) a Swiss physician,
born at Zurich in 1749, was noted for his beneficence.
He published numerous works. Died in 1812.

Rahn, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) a Swiss historian, born
at Zurich in 1646. He wrote in German, besides other
works, a "History of Switzerland," (1690.) Died in
1708.

Rahu, ri'hoo, in the Hindoo mythology, a mighty
giant, the son of Kasyapa and Dili, (or, according to
some authorities, the son of Sinhika,) was supposed to
cause eclipses by swallowing the sun or moon. This
fable is doubtless astronomical in its origin : rdhu
signifies also the "ascending node."

Raibolini See FRANCIA.

Raidel, ri'dgl, [Lat. RAIDE'LIUS,] (GEORG MARTIN,)
a German savant, born at Nuremberg in 1702, wrote
a work " On the Geography of Ptolemy," etc., (" De
Ptolemaei Geographia ejusque Codicibus," 1737.) Died
in 1741.

Raikes, raks, (ROBERT,) an English philanthropist,
born at Gloucester in 1735 or 1736, was a printer, and
the editor of the " Gloucester Journal." He is noted as
the founder of Sunday-schools. In 1781 he employed
several women to teach a number of ragged children
found in the streets of Gloucester. Died in 1811.

Raim'baeh, (ABRAHAM,) an English line-engraver,
born in London in 1776, was a pupil of J. Hall. He
became an intimate friend of Wilkie, who employed him
to engrave a number of his paintings, among which are
"The Village Politicians," "The Rent-Day," (1816,) and
"Blindman's Buff." These engravings are highly prized.
Died in 1843. He left an autobiography, published in
1843, entitled " Memoirs and Recollections."

Raimond. See RAYMOND.

Raimondi, ri-mon'dee, (ANNIBALE,) an Italian
mathematician, born at Verona in 1505. He published
a "Treatise on the Flow and Ebb of the Sea,"
("Trattato del Flusso e Reflusso del Mare," 1589.)

Raimondi, (ANTONIO,) an Italian explorer, was
born at Milan in 1825. He went to Peru in 1850, and
spent twenty years in exploring every part of that
country. The result appeared in " El Peru," (3 vols.,
1874-80.) Other volumes, dealing with the scientific
aspects of the country, were to follow, but a complete
edition of the fourth volume was destroyed by the
Chilian invaders, and was never replaced. Died in
1890.

Raimondi, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian Ori-
entalist, born at Cremona about 1540. He was director
of an establishment of Oriental typography at Rome,
and printed in Arabic the Gospels (1591) and Euclid,
(1594.) Died about 1610.

Raimondi, (MARCANTONIO,) an excellent Italian en-
graver, born at Bologna about 1475, or, as some say, in
1488. He studied design under Raibolini called Francia.
He went to Rome about 1510, and formed a friendship
or acquaintance with Raphael, who employed him to
engrave some of his paintings. He engraved for that
master "The Death of Lucretia," "The Judgment of
Paris," "The Massacre of the Innocents," "Saint Ce-
cilia," " The Last Supper," " Parnassus," " Saint Paul
preaching at Athens," and other works. He was the
first Italian engraver who acquired great celebrity. He
was a correct designer, and rendered the outlines with
fidelity. When Rome was taken and pillaged by the
army of Constable Bourbon, in 1527, Raimondi lost his



property and removed to Bologna, where he continued
until his death, which is variously dated 1534 and 1546.
One of his prints is dated 1539.

Raimondi, (PiETRO,) an Italian musical composer,
born at Rome in 1786. He produced operas, ballets,
oratorios, and an immense variety of minor pieces, etc.
Died October 30, 1853.

Raimund, ri'rnoont, (FERDINAND,) a German litti-
rateur, born at Vienna in 1791, published a number of
dramatic works and poems. Died in 1836.

Raimund, (GoLo.) See DANNENBERG.

Rainaldi, ri-nal'dee, (CARLO,) an Italian architect,
born at Rome in 1611. He designed the old Acade'-
mie de France at Rome, the church of Saint Agnes, the
church of Santa Maria di Miracoli, and that of Santa
Maria del Monte Santo. The last two are on the Piazza
del Popolo at Rome. Died in 1691.

Rainaldi, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian Jesuit, born in
the march of Ancona in 1600. He published " Food
for the Soul," ("Cibo dell'Anima," 1637,) and other
works. Died in 1677.

Rainaldi, (GIROLAMO,) an architect, born at Roma
in 1570, was the father of Carlo, noticed above. Among
his works were the ducal palace of Parma, and the
Palazzo Pamfili (or Pamphili) at Rome. Died in 1655.

Rainaldi, (ODERIC.) See RINALDI, (ODERICO.)

Rainaud. See RAYNAUD.

Raine, ran, (JAMES,) an English antiquary, born at
Ovington, Yorkshire, in 1791, became rector of Meldon
in 1822. He published a " History of North Durham,"
(1830-52.) Died in 1858.

Raine, (MATTHEW,) an English scholar, born in 1760,
became preacher of Gray's Inn in 1809. Died in 1810.

Rainer, ri'ner, (JOSEPH JOHANN MICHAEL FRANZ
HIERONYMUS,) Archduke of Austria, and seventh son
of the emperor Leopold II., was born in 1783. He
became Viceroy of Austrian Italy in 1818. On the
breaking out of the insurrection at Milan in 1848, he
left Lombardy for the Southern Tyrol, where he died in
1853. He had married in 1820 Elizabeth, sister of
Charles Albert, King of Sardinia.

Rain'fprth, (ELIZABETH,) an English soprano-singer,
born in 1814. She retired in 1856, and died in 1877.

Rainolds, reVpldz, (JOHN,) an English theologian,
born near Exeter in 1549. He was professor of divinity
at Oxford, and favoured the Puritan doctrines. He was
one of the persons who assisted in translating the Bible
into English by order of James I. Died in 1607.

Rainolds, (WILLIAM,) a brother of the preceding,
became a Fellow of New College, Oxford, in 1562. He
was afterwards professor of Hebrew at Rheims, France.
Died in 1594.

Rains, rainz, (GABRIEL JAMES,) an American general,
born in North Carolina in 1803, graduated at West Point
in 1827. He served in the Mexican war and against the
Indians, but in 1861 joined the Confederate army as
brigadier-general. Died September 6, 1881.

Rainssant, riN'sftN', (PIERRE,) a French numis-
matist, born at Rheims about 1640. He became keeper
of the royal cabinet of medals. Died in 1689.

Rais or Retz, de, deh r4ss, (GILLES de Laval deh
Ifvtl',) LORD, a French baron, notorious for his prodi-
gality and crimes, was born about 1406, and inherited a
great estate. He entered the army, and became a mar-
shal of France about the age of twenty-three. He was
accused of sorcery and of sacrificing children in dia-
bolical rites. He was executed in 1440.

Raisson, rl'soN', (HORACE NAPOLEON,) a French
litterateur, born in Paris in 1798. He published a " His-
tory of Napoleon," (10 vols., 1830,) and other works on
recent French history. Died in 1854.

Ra'itch, ri'itch or ritch, a Servian historian, born
at Karlovitz in 1726. He published a "History of
the Slavonians and Servians," (4 vols., 1795.) Died in
1801.

Rak6czy, ra'k5t-se, written also Racoczi and
Ragotzky, (FRANZ LEOPOLD,) Prince of Transylvania,
born near Patak in 1676. He commanded the Hun-
garian insurgents who revolted against Austria in 1703.
He was defeated in a decisive action in 1708. Died in
exile at Rodosto in 1735.



as k : c as /,- g hard: g as/; G H, K, guttural ; N, nasal: R, trilled: s as z: th as in this.



ee Explanations, p. 33.



RAKSHA



2024



RALEIGH



Rak'sha, or Rak'sha-sa, in Hindoo mythology a
came given to certain evil spirits, hideous, cruel, and mis-
chievous, who often attend on Kuvera, the god of riches.
They are often of monstrous shape, but can assume any
form. They are regarded as the enemies of everything
good. The name may be allied to the the Sanscrit raksh,
to "spare," (compare PARC^E,) or to the root of risk, to
" destroy." (See YAKSHA.)

Rale or Rasle, ral, (S^BASTIEN,) a French Jesuit and
missionary, born in Franche-Comte" in 1658. He was
sent on a mission to the Indians of Canada in 1689, and
laboured nearly thirty years at Norridgewock, on the
Kennebec River. He gained great influence over the
Indians, and, according to some authorities, instigated
them to hostile acts against the English colonists of


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 250 of 425)