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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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brother of Washington Irving, was born in 1778. He
was a popular contributor, (political,) both in prose and
verse, to the " Morning Chronicle," and from 1821 til!
his death, in 1838, was presiding judge of the court
of coma /n pleas in New York.

Irving, (JoHN TREAT,) an American lawyer and writer,
son of the preceding, and a resident of New York, is au-
thor of a volume of " Indian Sketches," (1835,) and two
novels, entitled " The Attorney," and " Harry Harson ;
or, The Benevolent Bachelor," which originally appeared
in the " Knickerbocker Magazine."

Irving, (JOSEPH,) a Scottish author, born at Dumfries
in 1830. He wrote a " Book of Dumbartonshire," (3
vols., 1879,) "Annals of Our Time," "Dictionary of
Scotsmen," (1880,) etc. Died in 1891.

Irving, (PETER,) an American journalist, born in 1771.
He became in 1802 the editor and proprietor cf the
" Morning Chronicle," a Democratic journal of New
York. In conjunction with his brother Washington, he
projected " Knickerbocker's Histoty of New York." He
wrote "Giovanni Sbogarro, a Venetian Tale," (1820.)
Died in 1838.

Irving, (THEODORE,) LL.D., an American author,
and minister in the Protestant Episcopal Church, was
born in New York in 1809. He spent some time in
Europe with his uncle, Washington Irving, was professor
of history and belles-lettres in Geneva College, New
York, from 1836 to 1849, and afterwards filled for several
years the chair of belles-lettres in the New York Free
Academy. He entered the ministry in 1854. He wrote
" The Conquest of Florida by Hernando de Soto," in 2
vols., (Philadelphia and London, 1835,) and "The Foun-
tain of Living Waters," (1854.) Died December 20, 1880.

Irving, (WASHINGTON,) a distinguished American
author and humourist, born in the city of New York,
April 3, 1783, was a son of William Irving, a native of
Scotland. About iSco he left school and commenced
the study of the law. For the benefit of his health, he
performed in 1804 a voyage to Europe, visited France,
Italy, Switzerland, and England, and returned in 1806.
Soon after his return he was admitted to the bar; but
he preferred to devote himself to literary pursuits, and
never practised law. In conjunction with his brother
William and with James K. Paulding, he issued in 1807
a humorous and satirical magazine, entitled "Salma-
gundi, or the Whim-Whams and Opinions of Launcelot
Langstaff, Esq., and others." Of this amusing and popular
work only twenty numbers were issued. He published
in 1809 another humorous work, "The History of New
York, by Diedrich Knickerbocker," in which he was
assisted by his brother Peter. It was very favourably
received. " I have never," says Sir Walter Scott, " read
anything so closely resembling the style of Dean Swift
as the Annals of biedrich Knickerbocker." (Letter to
Henry Brevoort, April 23, 1813.)

In 1810 he became a silent partner with his brothers
in an extensive commercial house in New York. He
sailed in 1815 to Europe, where he remained many
years, and in 1817 visited Sir Walter Scott at Abbots-
ford, who became his constant friend. He was reduced
to poverty by the failure of the firm of which he was a
member, in 1817. His next important work was "The



Sketch-Book," (1818,) by Geoffrey Crayon, which was
written in England. It enjoyed great popularity, and
raised Irving to the highest rank of American authors.
Lord Jeffrey, in the " Edinburgh Review" for August;
1820, commended "The Sketch-Book" as "written
throughout with the greatest care and accuracy, and
worked up to great purity and beauty of diction on the
model of the most elegant and polished of our native
writers." He published in London, in 1822, "Brace-
bridge Hall, or the Humourists," which was received
with great favour both in England and America. Com-
menting on this work, Lord Jeffrey says, " We happen
to be very intense and sensitive admirers of those soft
harmonies of studied speech in which this author is apt
to indulge himself, and have caught ourselves oftener
than we shall confess, neglecting his excellent matter to
lap ourselves in the liquid music of his periods." ("Edin-
burgh Review" for November, 1822.) For his "Tales
of a Traveller," (1824,) Murray, the London publisher,
gave him .1500 before he saw the manuscript.

Mr. Irving afterwards spent some years in France and
Spain, where he composed his " History of the Life
and Voyages of Christopher Columbus," (4 vols., 1828,)
which was very successful. " This is one of those works,"
says Alexander II. Everett, "which are at the same time
the delight of readers and the despair of critics. It is
as nearly perfect as any work well can be." ("North
American Review" for January, 1829.) In 1829 he pro-
duced an imaginative and romantic work entitled "The
Chronicle of the Conquest of Granada, from the Manu-
scripts of Fray Antonio Agapida." He was appointed
secretary of legation to the American embassy at London
in 1829, and returned to the United States in 1832. Among
his later works are "The Alhambra,"(i832;) a "Tour on
the Prairies," (1835;) "Astoria," (3 vols., 1836;) "The
Adventures of Captain Bonneville," (2 vols., 1837;)
"Oliver Goldsmith, a Biography," (1849;) "Mahomet
and his Successors," (1850;) and "The Life of George
Washington," (5 vols., 1855-59.) He was minister to
Spain from 1842 to 1846. He passed the latter part of
his life at Sunnyside, on the Hudson River, where he
died, November 28, 1859. He was never married.

For an easy elegance of style, Irving has no superior,
perhaps no equal, among the prose writers of America.
If Hawthorne excels him in variety, in earnestness, and in
force, he is perhaps inferior to Irving in facility and grace ;
while he can make no claim to that genial, lambent
humour which beams in almost every page of " Geoffrey
Crayon."

IK



.835, and January, 1837, (both by EDWARD EVERETT,) and April,
1858 ; " Blackwood's Magazine" for July, 1820 ; " Fraser's Magazine 1 '
for October, 1835; "Westminster Review" for January, 1837 ; ALLI
BONE, "Dictionary of Authors:" CLEVELAND, "Compendium of
American Literature ;" " Atlantic Monthly" for November, 1860, and
June, 1864.

Irving, (WILLIAM,) a brother of the preceding, was
born in New York in 1766. He married a sister of
James K. Paulding in 1793, became a merchant in New
York, and was a member of Congress during three
terms, (1813-19.) He aided his brother and Mr. Pauld'
ing in the " Salmagundi," of which he wrote the poetical
parts. Died in 1821.

Ir'win, (EYLES,) a poet, born in Calcutta, of Irish
parents, in 1748, was employed in the civil service of
the East India Company. He wrote several odes and
eclogues, and "Adventures during a Voyage up the Red
Sea," (1780.) Died in 1817.

Irwin, VISCOUNTESS. See HOWARD, (ANNE.)

Isa, ee'sa, written also 153 and Isha, one of the names
of SIVA, which see.

Isaac, I'zak, [Heb.pm" or pn' ; It. ISACCO, e-sik'-
ko; Arabian, ISHAK, is'hlk',] a Hebrew patriarch, the
son of Abraham and Sarah, was born about 1990 B.C. He
married Rebecca, and became the father of Esau and
Jacob. " Of all the patriarchs," says Bishop Hall, " none
made so little noise in the world as Isaac." He removed
to Gerar. in the land of the Philistines, and acquired



; jasj; 'ghard; gas/;G, H,K, guttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; th as in Afaf. (2=See Explanations, p. 23.



IS A A C



1354



ISAIAH



riches as a planter. He died at the age of one hundred
and eighty.

Isaac L, or Isaac Com-ne'nus, [Gr. loaiuaot 6
Ko^wTvof,] Emperor of Constantinople, was chosen by
the army as successor of Michael VI. in 1057. Two
years later, in consequence of a malady which he sup-
posed mortal, he resigned the throne to Constantine
Ducas, and entered a convent Died in 1061.

Isaac H, or Isaac An'ge-lus, [Gr. 'laaaiaof 6 'Ayye-
*oc,l Emperor of Constantinople, was proclaimed in
1185 as successor to Androni'cus, who was dethroned
by a popular revolt He rendered himself very un-
popular by his vices and misgovernment In 1195 his
brother Alexis usurped the throne and imprisoned Isaac,
who was liberated and restored in 1203 by an army of
crusaders. In 1204 he was again supplanted by Alexius
Ducas, and died or was killed the same year. Constan-
tinople was speedily taken by the crusaders, who elected
Baldwin emperor.

Isaac, ee'zak, (HEINRICH,) a German musician, whorr
the Italians called ARRIGO TEDESCO, (>. the " German
Henry,") was born about 1440. He removed to Italj
about 1475, and was patronized by Lorenzo de' Media
He composed sacred music.

Isaacson, T'zak-son, (HENRY,) born in London ir
1581, wrote a work on Chronology. Died in 1654.

Isabel, the Spanish of ELIZABETH, which see.

Isabel L See ISABELLA OF CASTILE.

Is'a-bel [Sp. pron. e-si-bel'] HZ, (or, more fully,
Maria Isabel Luisa,) Queen of Spain, born at Madnd
in October, 1830, is a daughter of Ferdinand VIL and
Maria Christina. She succeeded her father on the 29th
of September, 1833, when her mother became regent.
Her claim was disputed by her uncle, Don Carlos, in a
civil war, which ended in the defeat of the Carlists in
1840. The queen-regent having been driven from power
by a popular revolt in October, 1840, Espartero became
regent Isabel was declared of age in November, 1843,
and in October, 1846, was married to her cousin, Fran-
cisco de Assis, a son of Francisco de Paula, who was a
brother of Ferdinand VII. Her reign was agitated by
many revolutions, coups d'ltat, and changes of constitu-
tion. In September, 1868, she was deposed by her
revolted subjects almost without a struggle. Her son,
Alfonso XII., became king in 1875.

Isabella. See ELIZABETH.

Is-a-bel'la OF AUSTRIA, (CLARA EUGENIA,) the
daughter of Philip II. of Spain and Elizabeth of France,
was born in 1566. As the niece of Henry III. of France,
she claimed the French crown at his death, but was
excluded by the Salic law, though she was favoured by
the chiefs of the League. In 1597 she became the wife
of Archduke Albert, son of the Emperor of Germany.
Died in 1633.

Isabella OF BAVARIA, daughter of Stephen, second
Duke of Bavaria, born in 1371, became Queen of France
in 1385 by marriage with Charles VI. She was remark-
able for beauty and for her voluptuous and dissolute
character. When her imbecile consort became incapable
of ruling, she aspired to royal power, and made a coali-
tion with the English against the dauphin, her son. Died

l n '435-

Isabella [Span. ISABEL, e-si-bf 1'; Fr. ISABELLE, e'zf-
bel'] OF CASTILE, daughter of John II., King of Cas-
tile, was born at Madrigal in 1451. The malcontent
subjects of her brother, Henry IV., forced him to ac-
knowledge her as his heir, after which her hand was
solicited by several princes of Europe, and she became
the wife of Ferdinand of Aragon in 1469. In 1474 she
was proclaimed Queen of Castile and Leon, the sove-
reignty of which she did not resign to her husband, but
kept in her own hands. Historians agree in applauding
her beauty, virtue, magnanimity, piety, learning, and
political wisdom. It was under her auspices that Co-
lumbus discovered America, after his project had been
treated with neglect by Ferdinand. Died in 1504. (See
FERDINAND V.) Isabella had blue eyes and auburn hair,
and possessed gieat beauty of features, sweetness of
expression, and dignity of presence.

See PRESCOTT, " History of Ferdinand and Isabella;" Tr,*?: . _
MOLINA, " Sumariu de la Vida y Hechos de los cat61icos Reves D.



Fernando y Dona Isabel," 1587 ; FERNANDEZ DE PULGAR, " Rerum
a Ferdinando et Elisabe Hispaniarum Repibus Gestarum Decades
II.," 1545; D. CLEMENCIN, "Elogio de la Reina catolica Dona
Isabel," 1821 ; GEORGE ANITA, " Memoirs of Queen Isabella of
Castile," London, 1850.

Isabelle. See ISABELLA.

Isabelle OF FRANCE. See ELIZABETH OF FRANCE.

Isabelle (e'zt'bSl') OF FRANCE, Queen of England
daughter of Philip the Fair, King of France, was born
in 1292, and was married to Edward II. in 1308. The
issue of this union was a son, who became Edward III.
About 1324 she went to Paris to negotiate between her
consort and the French king, where she formed a con-
spiracy with malcontent nobles, and returned to England
with the avowed intention to remove from power the
king's unworthy favourite, Spencer. Entering London
without resistance, in 1326, the partisans of the queen de-
posed Edward II. and proclaimed his son king. Isabelle
and her favourite, Mortimer, exercised the royal power
a few years during the minority of her son ; and there
seems no reason to doubt that they contrived the murder
of Edward II. She was imprisoned for nearly twenty
years, and died in prison in 1358. She was surnamed,
on account of her cruelty, "the she-wolf of France."

Isabelle OF FRANCE, Queen of England, born in
1389, was a daughter of Charles VI. She was married
to Richard II. of England in 1396. Died in 1409.

Isabelle, e'zf'bel', (CHARLES EDOUARD,) a French
architect, born at Havre in 1800, wrote "The Circular
Edifices and Domes Classed," etc., Died May I, 1880.

Isabelle d'Angouleme, e'zf'bel' d6N'goo'l8m', a
French princess, was a daughter of Aymar, Count of
Angouleme. She was married to John, King of Eng-
land, in 1201. Died in 1245.

Isabey, e'zfbS', (EUGENE Louis GABRIEL,) an emi-
nent painter of marine views, born in Paris in 1804. He
obtained a first-class medal in 1824, and produced
11 The Coast of Honfleur" and a " Tempest near Dieppe"
in 1827, the "Battle of the Texel," (1839,) "The De-
parture of Queen Victoria," (1845,) and the " Embarka-
:ion of De Ruyter," (1851.) He received a first-class
medal at the Exposition of 1855. Died in 1886.

Isabey, (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a celebrated French minia-
ture-painter, born at Nancy in 1767, was a pupil of
David, and father of the preceding. About 1802 he
became the most fashionable artist of Paris in his depart-
ment of the art He was liberally patronized by the
emperor Napoleon, who had been his friend when both
were obscure citizens. He executed many admired
portraits of the Bonaparte family and of the generals
of the empire. It is said that most of the sovereigns of
Europe have been the subjects of his pencil. Among
his works are the "Table des Marechaux," a picture on
porcelain of Napoleon and his marshals, and " Th;
Congress of Vienna," (1817.) Died in 1855.

Isacs, ee'zaks, (PlETER,) a skilful Dutch portrait-
painter, born at Helzevor in 1569; died about 1620.

Isaeus, I-see'us, [Gr. 'laoioc/ Fr. IsfiE, e'za',] a famous
Greek orator, who flourished about 400 B.C., was a
native of Chalcis, or, according to some authorities, of
Athens. Having been a pupil of Isocrates, he opened
a celebrated school in Athens, and had the honour of
being the preceptor of Demosthenes. Isxus is one of
the ten Athenian orators of the Alexandrian canon. His
style is at once elegant and vehement, but is less natural
than that of Lysias. He had great skill in dialectics
and in the distribution of his arguments. Only eleven
of his orations are now extant ; and these are all forensic.
He is said to have survived the accession of King Philip
of Macedon, 348 B.C.

See J. A. LIEBMANN, " De Iszi VitaetScriptis," 1831 ; E. JENIKE.
" Observationes in Iszum," 1838.

Isaeus, a Greek sophist and orator, born in Assyria,
lived in the first century after Christ His eloquence
is extolled by Pliny.

Isaiah, I-za'yah" or e-zi'a, [Heb. m'yVT ; Gr. llaaiaf ;
Lat ESAI'AS; Fr. ISA'I'E, e'zt'e', or fisAiE, i'zi'e'; It
ISAIA, e-sa-ee'S; Sp. ISAIAS, e-si-ee'as,] the first of the
great Hebrew prophets, was a contemporary of Hosea,
Joel, Amos, and Micah. He prophesied during a period
of about fifty years, beginning about 760 B.C. He lived
at Jerusalem, and exerted great influence in public affairs.



i, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, <J, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon;



ISAIE



1355



ISIDORE



Little is known of his personal history, except that he
had a wife, who is called a prophetess, and two sons.
There is a doubtful tradition that Isaiah suffered death
by being sawn asunder, at the command of King Ma-
nasseh. As a writer he is remarkable for versatility of
genius, and merits the first rank among the prophets by
the majestic simplicity and sublimity of his compositions.
He declared more amply and clearly than any other
prophet the eternal divinity, vicarious sufferings, and
glorious kingdom of the Messiah, and hence is often
called the evangelical prophet. No other prophet is so
often quoted by Christ and his apostles. (See Matt. i.
22, iii. 3, viii. 17, xii. 18-20, xiii. 14 ; Luke iv. 17; Acts
xxviii. 25 ; Rom. ix. 27, and x. 16; Phil. ii. 10.) In our
translation of the New Testament he is always called
ESAIAS. He has been pronounced by some critics not
inferior to Homer in poetical genius ; and all agree that
his book is a master-piece of beauty and sublimity both
in thought and style.

Among the commentators on Isaiah are Saint Jerome,
Vitringa, Lowth, Calmct, Eichhorn, Doderlein, Gesenius,
Gataker, Hitzig, Rosenmiiller, and Henderson ; and, in the
United States, Dr. Alexander and Mr. Albert Barnes.

See, also, KIMCHI, "Lexicon Rabbinicum;" EWALD, "Die Pro-
pheten des alien Bundes," and "Geschichte des Volkes Israel bil
Christus;" KNOBEL, "Prophetisme des H^breux."

Isaie. See ISAIAH.

Isambert, e'z6N / baiR', (EMILE,) a French physician
and biographer, a son of Fran9ois Andre, noticed below,
was born at Auteuil in 1828. Died October 27, 1876.

Isambert, (FRANCOIS ANDRE,) a French jurist and
Protestant, born at Aunay (Eure-et-Loire) in 1792. He
distinguished himself about 1825 as the defender of the
rights of the free people of colour in Martinique, and
" performed in France," says Taillandier, "a service like
that which Clarkson and Wilberforce rendered in Eng-
land." In 1830 he was appointed a judge (conseiller) of
the court of cassation. He was a Liberal member of the
Chamber of Deputies from 1830 to 1848, and supported
Cavaignac and the cause of order in the Assembly of
1848. He was secretary of the French Society for the
Abolition of Slavery, of which he is said to have been
the founder. Among his works are a " Manual for the
Publicist and Statesman," (4vols., 1826,) and a "History
of Justinian," (1856.) He wrote many able articles for
the "Nouvelle Biographic Generale." Died in 1857.

See TAILLANDIER, article in the " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Isarn, e'zlRn', (SAMUEL,) a French poet, born at Cas-
tres in 1637, wrote "The Speaking Pistole," (" La Pistole
parlante," 1660,) which had great success. Died in 1673.

Isauricus. See LEO III.

Is-ca'nl-us or Is-ca'nus, (JOSEPH,) surnamed also
DEVO'NIUS, an English poet, born at Exeter, derived his
name from Isca, the place of his education. He accom-
panied Richard I. en a crusade to Palestine, and wrote
a Latin poem " On the Trojan War," and another en
titled " Antiocheis." Died about 1224.

Isee. See IS^EUS.

Iselin, ez'laN', (ISAAC,) a Swiss writer, born at Bale
in 1728. He was assistant secretary of state from 1756
to his death. He became the enlightened advocate of
reform in morals, education, and legislation, on which
he wrote articles for the journals. His chief work is
entitled " On the History of Mankind," (" Ueber die
Geschichte der Menschheit." 1764.) Died in 1782.

See J. G. SCHLOSSER, "Rede auf Iselin," 1783; S. HIRZEL,
"Denkmal I. Iselin gewidmet," 1782.

Iselin, [Lat. ISELI'NUS,] (JACQUES CHRISTOPHE,) an
eminent Swiss philologist and divine, born at Bale in
1681. He spoke Greek with facility, and excelled in
Oriental languages. He became professor of history at
Bale in 1707, and was promoted to the chair of divinity



ricis Latinis Melioris ./Evi," 1697,) a treatise "On the
Domination of the Magi in Persia," (1707,) and other
minor works. Died in 1737.

See BECK, "Vita Iselini," in the 3d vol. of "Tempe Helvetica; 1
J. R. ISELIN, " Laudatio funebris consecrandas Memorise Viri incom
parabiHs J. C. Iselini," 1739.



Iselin, (JEAN RODOLPHE,) a Swiss jurist, born at
3ale in 1705, wrote "On Eminent Domain," ("De Do-
minio Eminente," 1726,) and other works. Died in 1779.
Isembert (e'zfiN'baiR') OF XAINTES, a French archi-
ect, lived about 1200, and is supposed :o have built the
old London Bridge.

Isenburg, ee'zen-booRG', [Fr.' ISEMBOURG, C'ZON'-
JOOR',] one of the great German families of Protestant
>rinces and counts. It included the branches of Isenburg-
Birstein, Isenburg-Philippseich, Isenburg-Iiiidingen, and
others.

Isendoorn, van, vSn ee'zen-doRn', or Ysendoorn,
GIJSBERT,) a Dutch philosopher, born in Gelderland in
:6oi, published "EfTata Philosophica," (1633,) "Ethica
?eripatetica," (1659,) and other works. Died in 1657.

Isfendiyar, is-fen'dee-ytR', or Asfandiyar, as-fan'-
dee-ylR', one of the most celebrated heroes in Persian
listory, lived between the fifth and sixth centuries B.C.,
and is said to have been the first convert to the religion
of Zoroaster, in which he was followed by his father
ushtasp (Darius Hystaspis) and the whole Persian
empire. This change of religion led to the invasion of
Persia by Arjasp, King of Turan, in which Isfendiyar,
u y his bravery and heroism, not only saved his father's
.ingdom, but conquered India, Arabia, and the West,
He was killed in battle by the celebrated Roostum.

See MALCOLM, "History of Persia;" J. ATKINSON, "Abridg-
ment of the Shah Nameh of Firdousi. "

Ish'mael, [Heb. ^Nl'DK" ; Arabic, ISMAEEL or ISMAIL,
is-mS-eel'; Fr. ISMAEL, es'mf el',] the son of Abraham
and Hagar, born about 1900 B.C., was the ancestor of
the Ishmaelites or Arabians. (See Genesis xvi., xxi.)

Ishwara. See ISWARA.

Isi, ee'see, written also 19! and Ishi, (the consort of
Isa or Siva,) one of the many names of PARVATt, which
see. She is identified by some writers, including Sir W.
Jones, with the Isis of the Egyptians. (See Isis.)

Isiaslaf. See IZIASLAF.

Isl-dore [Gr. 'Ial6apof; Lat. ISIDO'RUS ; Fr. ISIDORE,
e'ze'doR'; It. ISIDORO, e-se-do'ro] OF CHARAX, a Per-
sian, who is supposed to have lived in the first century
of our era, wrote a work called " Parthian Itinerary,"

hich contains a list of the eighteen provinces of Parthia
and of the chief towns, with the distances of the towns
from each other.

Isidore OF Moscow, a Russian prelate, was chosen
Primate of Russia in 1437. He favoured the reunion of
the Greek and Latin Churches at the Council of Florence,
(1437.) Died at Rome in 1463.

Isidore, SAINT, an eminent Spanish scholar and
bishop, born at Carthagena about 570 A.D., was a brother
of Leander, Archbishop of Seville. He understood
Greek, Hebrew, and Latin, and was very influential in
the Spanish Church. About 600 he was appointed
Bishop of Seville. The Council of Toledo, held in 650,
denominated him "the glory of the Catholic Church,
and the most learned man of his age." Among his most
important works are, in Latin, "A Chronicle from the
Origin of the World to 626 A.D.," and "Twenty Books
of Etymologies," which, says Dr. Hoefer, " is one of the
most precious monuments for the history of human
knowledge." Died in 636 A.D.

See SAINT ILDEFONSO, "De Viris illustribus ;" TRITHEIM, " De
Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis ;" ROESLER, " Dissertatio ; Isidori His-
toria Gothorum, Vandalonim," etc., 1803.

Isidore, SAINT, OF ALEXANDRIA, born in Egypt about
318 A.D., was a friend of Athanasius, by whom he was
ordained a priest. Died in 404.

Isidore, SAINT, OF PELUSIUM, is supposed to have
been born between 360 and 390 A.D. He lived as a
hermit in Egypt, and had a high reputation for piety and
wisdom. He wrote, in Greek, a great number of short
letters, of which more than two thousand are now ex
tant. They are said to contain sound doctrine and good
instruction in morals. Died about 450 A.D.

See HERMANN, "Dissertatio de Isidore Pelusiota," 1737 : NIE-
MEVER. "Dissertatio de Isidoro Pelusiota," 1825.

Isl-dore Mer-ca'tor or Fec-ca'tor, the supposed
name of a person who in the eighth or ninth century
fabricated a famous code of canon law or collection of
decretals, often called the " Collection of the Pseudo-Isi-



as k ; 9 as s; g hard; g asy; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (J^^See Explanations, p. 23 '-



IS ID OR US



1356



ISOURD



dore. Some popes availed themselves of this means
to extend their temporal power.

Isidorus. See ISIDORE.

Is-I-do'rus OF MILETUS, a Greek architect of the
sixth century, who was employed by the emperor Jus-
tinian to build the magnificent church of Saint Sophia
in Constantinople, which is now used as a mosque.

I'ais, [Gr. 'loif,] one of the chief deities of the ancient
Egyptians, was called the wife of Osiris and mother of


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 26 of 425)