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R y. (JOSEPH PHILIPPE,) a French writer on law,
education, etc., was bom at Grenoble in 1799. Among
his works is "Theory and Practice of Social Science,"
(3 vols., 1842.) Died December 18, 1855.

Reybaud, rj'bo', (CHARLES,) a French litttratair,
born at Marseilles in 1801, was a brother of Marie Roch
Louis, noticed below. Died October 16, 1864.

Reybaud, (HENRIETTE Arnaud,) a French novel-
ist, born at Aries, December 13, 1802, became the wife
of the preceding. Died January I, 1871.

Reybaud, (MARIE ROCH Louis,) a popular French
author, born at Marseilles in 1799. He began life as a
merchant, and settled in Paris about 1830. In 1841 he
gained the Montyon prize of the French Academy (5000
francs) for his " Studies on Modern Reformers or Social-
ists," (2 vols., 1840-43.) His most original and popular
work is a novel called "Jerome Paturot in Search of a
Social Position," (1843,) to which he added a sequel,
" Je>6me Paturot in Search of the Best of Republics,"
(1848.) Among his other works are " Syria, Egypt, and
Palestine," (1834,) "Polynesia," (1843,) "Industry in
Europe," (1856,) etc. Died October 28, 1879.

Reyher, ri'er, (SAMUEL,) a German professor of law
and mathematics, was born in Saxony in 1635. He pub-
lished "Mathesis Mosaico-Biblica," (1678,) and other
works. Died at Kiel in 1714.

Reyn, de, deh rin, (JEAN,) a Flemish painter, born
at Dunkirk about 1610, was a pupil of Van Dyck, whom
he is said to have imitated with success. He worked in
Kngland for Van Dyck ; but after the death of the latter
he returned to Dunkirk. " The majority of his pictures,"
says Pe'ries, " have often passed for the works of his
master." Died in 1678.

Reyna, de, di ra'nl or raVna, (CASSIODORUS,) a
Spanish translator of the BibfeTborn at Seville, is said
to have been a Protestant His version of the Bible,
printed at BJle in 1569, was the first in the Spanish
language. Died at Frankfort in 1594.

Reynaud, r&'no', (ANTOINE ANDR& Louis,) BARON,
a French mathematician, born in Paris in 1771. He was
employed about thirty years in the Polytechnic School
as teacher and examiner. He published a number of
standard works on geometry and algebra, which were in-
troduced as text-books into public schools. Died in 1844.

See QURARD, " La France Lirte'raire ;" " Nouvelle Biographis

ReynaucT, (JEAN ERNEST,) a French philosopher,
born at Lyons in 1806. In 1836 he became associated
with Pierre Leroux as editor of the " Encyclopedic Nou-
velle." He was a moderate democrat in the Assembly
of 1848, and supported Cavaignac. His chief work,
entitled "Earth and Heaven," ("Terre et Ciel," 1854,)
had great success. Died June 28, 1863.

See " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne'rale."

Reyneau, rj'no', (CHARLES RENE,) a French ge-
ometer, born at Brissac, in Anjou, in 1656. lie was
professor in a college 1 at Angers, lie 'published
"Analysis Demonstrated," (1708,) and "Elements of
Mathematics," (1714.) Died in 1728.

Reyner, ra'ner, ? (EDWARD,) an English Puritan
minister, born in Yorkshire in 1600 He preached at
Lincoln. Died about 1670.

Reynier, ri'ne-4', (AucusriN BENoft,) a Belgian
poet, born at Liege~1n 1759 ; died at Cologne in 1792.

Reynier, rj'ne^i', (JEAN Louis,) a French general,
was born at Lausanne in 1771. As chief of the staff of Mo-
reau, he displayed skill at Rastadt, Friedberg, Biberach,
and in the famous retreat of 1796. He commanded at
the siege of Acre in the temporary absence of Bonaparte,
and is said to have decided the victory at Heliopolis,
(1799.) In 1807 he had command of the army of Joseph,
King of Naples. He was taken prisoner at Leipsic,
(1813.) Died in 1814.

Reynier, r'ne-&', QEAN Louis ANTOINE,) a Swiss
naturalist, born ^if Lausanne in 1762, was a brother of
the preceding. He accompanied the expedition to

Egypt in 1798. Among his works are " Egypt under the
Domination of the Romans," (1807,) and "Treatises
on the Public and Rural Economy of the Celts and
Germans," (1808,) of the "Arabs and Jews," (1820,) of the
"Persians and Phoenicians," (1829,) etc. Died in 1824.

Reynold de Chauvancy, de, deh rj'nol' deh sh6'.
VON'SB', (CHARLES,) a French naval officer, born at Pont
de Veyle (Ain) in 1810. He produced a work on mari-
time signals, entitled "Code de Signaux, Telegraphic
nautique polyglotte," (1856,) which has been adopted
by seventeen maritime powers. Died Sept. 9, 1877.

Reynolds, ren'olz, (EDWARD,) an English bishop,
born at Southampton in 1599. He favoured the Pres-
byterians during the civil war, and took the Covenant,
In 1648 he became Dean of Christ Church and vice-
chancellor of the University of Oxford. He was ejected
from these positions about 1650, after which he preached
"n London. He was appointed Bishop of Norwich in
1660. He published a number of religious works, which
are highly esteemed. Died in 1676.

Reynolds, (ELMER ROBERT,) an American anti-
quarian and author, born at Dansville, New York, in
1846. He served in the civil war and in the civil
service, and explored the Indian antiquities of Mary-
land and Virginia. He was knighted by King Hum-
bert of Italy in 1887. He published monographs of
his discoveries, several romances, etc.

Reynolds, (JAMES EMERSON,) an Irish chemist,
born in county Dublin in 1844. In 1875 he became
professor of chemistry in the University of Dublin.
He made many discoveries in organic chemistry. His
principal work is " General Experimental Chemistry."

Reynolds, (JOHN.) See RAINOLDS.

Reynolds, (JOHN FULTON,) an American general
bocn at Lancaster, Pennsylvania, in 1820, graduated at
West Point in 1841. He served as first lieutenant in
the Mexican war, (1846-47,) and obtained the rank of
captain in 1855. He commanded a brigade in the Seven
Days' battles near Richmond in June, 1862, and for his
services there received brevets as colonel and brigadier-
general in the regular army. In January, 1863, he was
appointed a major-general of volunteers. His corps
formed the vanguard of the army at Gettysburg, where
he was killed on the ist of July, 1863.

See TENNKV, "Military and Naval History of the Rebellion,"
p. 760.

Reynolds, (JOHN HAMILTON,) an English poet, born
in 1795, was a member of the legal profession. He
wrqte a poem called " Safie." Died at Newport in 1852.

Reynolds, (Sir JOSHUA,) the most celebrated por-
trait-painter that England has produced, was born at
Plympton, in Devonshire, on the l6th of July, 1723. lie
was a son of the Rev. Samuel Reynolds. At the age of
eighteen he became a pupil of Hudson in London, with
whom he remained about two years. He afterwards
worked at Plymouth as a portrait-painter until 1746,
when he settled in London. About 1750 he visited
Rome, Florence, Venice, and other cities of Italy.
When he first saw the works of Raphael in the Vatican,
he felt much disappointment, which he attributed to
his own ignorance. The works of Titian and Tintoretto
contributed more to the formation of his style than those
of the Roman school. He returned to England in the
autumn of 1752, soon after which he acquired a high
reputation by a portrait of Commodore Keppel. In
1760 he raised his price to twenty-five guineas for a
head, and one hundred guineas for a whole-length por-
trait. He painted in 1762 a picture of " Garrick between
Tragedy and Comedy."

In 1764 Mr. Reynolds and Dr. Johnson, who had
become intimate friends, founded the Literary Club,
composed of twelve members, among whom were Burke
and Goldsmith. He was chosen president of the Royal
Academy in 1768, and was knighted on that occasion.
He delivered before the Academy a series of" Lectures
on Painting," which were generally admired and were
translated into several languages. In 1784 he produced
a beautiful allegorical portrait of " Mrs. Siddons as the
Tragic Muse," and received the title of principal painter
to the king. He painted for the Empress of Russia a

as k; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K. guttural; N, nasal; R, tril J; % as s; th as in this.

Explanations, p. 23.)




picture of " The Infant Hercules strangling the Ser-
pents." (1786.) which is one of his best historical works.
He was never married. His career was a remarkable
instance of continual prosperity. He died in February,
1702, leaving an estate of about 80,000.

Sir Joshua is considered as the founder or the head
of the British school of painting. He obtained powerful
effects by a rich and harmonious colour and by his
distribution of light and shade. His historical pieces
indicate that he was deficient in the grand style of design.
"Sir Joshua Reynolds is the most invulnerable man I
know/' says Dr. Johnson," the man with whom if you
should quarrel, you will find the most difficulty how to
ibuse." "Reynolds, swiftest of painters, was gentlest
of companions," says Ruskin; "so, also, Velasquez,
Titian, and Veronese."

See TAMES NORTHCOTE, " Memoirs of Sir Joshua Reynolds,"
lSi8: MALONB, "Life of Sir J. Reynolds;" THOMAS REYNOLDS,
"Life of Sir J. Reynolds," by his son, a vols., 1839: "Life of
Sir I. Reynolds," commenced by C. R. LESLIE and completed by
TOM TAYLOR, vols., 1865: "Memoirs of Sir Joshua Reynolds,"
by JOSEPH FARRINGTON, London, 1819; "Quarterly Review" for
April and July, 1866 ; " Edinburgh Review" for August, 1820.

Reynolds, (RICHARD,) an English benefactor, born
in Bristol in 1735, was a member of the Society of
Friends. He married Hannah Darby in 1757, and be-
came a partner in the iron and coal works at Ketley.
In 1763 he removed to Coalbrook Dale, where he super-
intended a large manufactory of iron. He is said to have
been the first who employed iron instead of wood in the
construction of railways. His business afforded him a
large income, a great part of which he expended in deeds
of charity. He removed to Bristol in 1804. Died in 1816.

See "Letters of Richard Reynolds, with a Memoir of his Life,"
by his granddaughter, HANNAH MARV RATHBONE, Philadelphia,

Reynolds, (SAMUEL WILLIAM) an eminent English
engraver in mezzotint, was born in 1774. He engraved
many portraits and historical pieces after Sir Joshua
Reynolds, also Rubens's " Chapeau de Faille," and a
number of the works of Horace Vernet. Died in 1835.

Reynoao. See REINOSO.

Reyrao, de, deh rfc'rak', (FRANCOIS PHILIPPE Dy^
LAURENS,) a French poet and priest, born in Limousin
in 1734. He wrote " Rural Poems," and a " Hymn to
the Sun," (1777,) in poetical prose, which was often
reprinted. Died in 1782.

See BEEENGER, " Eloge de Reyrac," 1785.

Reyre, raiR, (AbW JOSEPH,) a French teacher and
writer of juvenile books, was born in Provence in 1735;
died in 1812.

Reys, dos, dds ras, (ANTONIO,) a Portuguese priest
and Latin poet, born near Santarem in 1690; died in


Rezzano, ret-sa'no, (FRANCESCO,) a mediocre Italian
poet, born at Como in 1731 ; died in 1780.

Rezzonico, ret-so-nee'ko, (ANTONIO GIUSEPPE,'
Count de la Tour, (or della Torre, del'Id tor'ra,) an
Italian littfratrur, born at Como in 1709, became an
officer in the Spanish army. His chief work, is "Re
searches into the Life and Writings of Pliny," (" Disqui
Bitiones Plinianae," 2 vols. in fol., 1763-67,) which is
praised as a model of criticism. Died at Parma in 1785

SeeTiPALDO, " Biogiafia degli Italian! illustri."

Rezzonico, (CARLO.) See CLEMENT XITI.

an Italian poet and prose writer, born at Como in 1742
was a. son of Antonio Giuseppe, noticed above. Amonj
his works is a poem entitled " The Ruin of Como,
which is admired Died at Naples in 1796.

See G. B. Giovio, " Della Vita di G. Rezzonico," 1801.

Rhadamante. See RHADAMANTHUS.

Rhad-a-man'thus, [Gr. Too'ii/Mi/flof ; Fr. RHADA
MANTE, ra'dS'moNt',] a son of Jupiter and Europa, an
a brother of Minos. According to tradition, he marrie
Alcmena, the mother of Hercules, was eminent for hi
justice, and after death became one of the chief judge
of the lower world, or Elysium.

Rhallis, ral'lis, (GEORGE ALEXANDER,) a modern
Greek jurist, born at Constantinople in 1804. He be
came minister of justice of Greece in 1841, and after

.ards president of the Areopagus, or court of cassation.

ie published several legal works. Died Sept. 25, 1883.
Rham, rim, (Rev. WILLIAM LEWIS,) an eminent

.riter on agriculture, born at Utrecht in 1778. He was

ducated at Edinburgh and at Cambridge University,

nd became rector of Fersfield, Norfolk. He wrote
nany articles for the "Penny Cyclopaedia," which were
published separately under the title of " Dictionary of

he Farm." Died in 1843.
Rhangabe. See Rizo RHANGABC.
Rfle'a, [Gr. Trio, 'Pea, 'Pti>i, or 'Pj/ ; Fr. RHEA, ra'a'.J
a goddess of classic mythology, whom the Romans
called Ops or Cybele. According to Hesiod, she was a

laughter of Uranus and Ge, or Ccelus and Terra, the
wife of Cronos, (Saturn,) and the mother of Jupiter,

feptune, Pluto, Juno, Ceres, and Vesta. She was
called "the Great Mother," and "the Mother of the
Gods." The principal seat of her worship was Pessinus,

n Galatia. (See CYBELE.)
See SMITH'S " Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and


Rhe'a Sil'vl-a, or Hl-a, [Fr. R*A (or RHEA) SILVIA,
ri'i' sel've'S', or'lLiE, e'le',] in Roman mythology, was
a daughter of Numitor, and mother of Romulus and
Remus, whose father was supposed to be Mars. The
ting Amulius had compelled her to become a vestal
virgin to prevent her from having offspring, and after
the birth of her sons he drowned her in the river. The
Doets feigned that she was changed into a goddess and
aecame the wife of the Anio.

Rheede, van, vin ra'deh, (HENDRIK ADRIAAN
Draakenstein -dKa'ken-stin',) a Dutch naturalist, who
became Governor-General of the Malabar coast. He
collected materials for a costly work on the plants of
India, entitled "Hortus Indicus Malabaricus," (IZ
vols., 1670-1703,) in which he was aided by Casearius,
Commelin, and others. He died about 1700.

Rhegas. See RHIGAS.

Rheinek, ri'nek, (CHRISTOPH,) a German musical
composer, born at Memmmgen in 1748, was author of
several operas. Died in 1796.

Rheita, von, fon ri'ta, (ANTON MARIA SCHYRLE,) a
German astronomer, born in Bohemia about 1597. He
constructed a telescope with four lenses. Died at Ra-
venna in 1660.

Rhenanus, (BEATUS.) See BEATUS.

Rhenferd, ren'feRt, (JAKOB,) a German Orientalist,
born in 1654. He became professor of Oriental lan-
guages at Franeker. Died in 1712.

Rhese, rees, I (JoHN DAVID,) M.D., a philologist,
born in the island of Anglesey in 1534, He taught
school in Italy, and published a number of works in the
Italian language. Died in 1609.

Rhet'I-cus, [Ger. pron. ra'te-kus,] the surname of an
astronomer, whose proper name was GEORGE JOACHIM.
He was born at Feldkirch, near the Rhine, in 1514. He
became a pupil and assistant of Copernicus in 1539 or
1540, and advocated the Copernican system in his " Nar-
ratio de Libris Revolutionum Copernici," (1540.) In
1541 he obtained a chair of mathematics at Wittenberg.
He left a work of great labour, entitled " Opus Palatinum
de Triangulis," (1596,) which contains, besides a treatise
on trigonometry, a table of sines, cosines, tangents, etc.
Died in 1576.

Rhett, (ROBERT BARNWELL,) an American politician,
born at Beaufort, South Carolina, in 1800. Being elected
in 1833 attorney-general of the State, he acted with the
Nullification party, and in 1850 became a United States
Senator. On the election of Mr. Lincoln, in 1860, he was
a member of the State Convention which passed an
ordinance of secession, and drew up the add ess giving
reasons for this measure. Died September 14, 1876.

Rhl-a'nus, a Greek poet, born in Crete, lived about
250 or 225 B.C. He wrote five or more poems, two of
which are entitled " Heracleia" and " Thessalica." Frag-
ments of his works are extant,

Rhigas, ree'gas, written also Rhegas and Rigas,
a modern Greek patriot and writer, born in Thessaly
about 1760. He formed in early life a design to liberate
Greece from the Turkish yoke, and, in order to promote
this design, organized a secret society, wrote popular

a. 6,1, 6, u, y,lvng; a,e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, Q, J, sAort; a, ?, j, 9, obscure; far, fall, fit; met; not; good; moon


2 53


songs, founded a journal, published educational works,
etc. All these were in the modern Greek language.
In 1798 he was arrested at Trieste, delivered by the
Austrians to the Turks, and drowned in the Danube
by the latter.

See REVBAUD, " M^moirea sur la Grece ;" " Nouvelle Biographic

Rhin'thon, ['Piv$uv,] a Greek dramatic poet, born at
Syracuse or Tarentum, lived about 300 B.C. His works
are not extant.

RhizoB Khangavis. See Rizo RHANGABE.

Rho, ro, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian jurist, born at
Milan in 1543; died in 1627.

Rhode, ro'deh, or Rhodiua, ro'de-us, (JOHANN,) a
Danish medical writer and antiquary, born at Copen-
hagen about 1587 ; died at Padua in 1659.

Rhode, ro'deh, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German Orien-
talist of Breslau, was noted for his researches in the
antiquities and natural history of India. Died in 1827.

Rhodes, (CECIL JOHN,) a South African states-
man and promoter, was born at Bishop-Stortford,
England, July 5, 1853. Going to Natal for his health, ,
he became interested in diamond mining, and in time >
gained a controlling interest in the Kimberley mines.
He became a member of the Assembly at Capetown, I
and entered the ministry there in 1884, declining to
accompany his friend General Gordon to Khartum.
He was prime minister of Cape Colony 1890-96,
when he resigned on account of charges of his con-
nection with the Jameson raid into the Transvaal.
He secured in 1889 a charter for the British South
Africa Company, in 1893 conducted the war in Bechu-
analand with Lobengula, and in 1896 put down a
formidable rising of the Matabeles. His services in
securing this region to Great Britain are acknowledged
in its title of Rhodesia. His policy is to develop a
federal South African dominion under British control,
and he has formed the ambitious project of building a
continuous railway from Cairo to Capetown. He was
in Kimberley during its siege by the Boers in 1899,
his capture being a leading object with the assailants,
who held him largely responsible for the war.

Rhodiginus, ro-de-jee'noos, (CcEuus, ) an Italian
philologist, whose family name was RICCHIERI (rek-ke-
a'ree) or RICCHERI, (rik-ka'ree,) was born at Rovigo
about 1450. He became professor of Greek and Latin
at Milan in 15:5. His chief work is "Ancient Readings,"
("Antique Lectiones," 1516.) Died in 1525.

See TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Juliana.'*

Rhodius. See RHODE, (JOHANN.)

Rhodomanu. See RHODOMANNUS.

Rhodomannus, ro-do-man'mls, or Rhodpmann,
ro'do-min', (LAURENTIUS,) a German Hellenist, born
at Sassawerf, in Saxony, in 1546. He was professor of
Greek at Jena, and afterwards lectured on history at
Wittenberg. He wrote Greek verse with facility, and is
called one of the restorers of the Greek language in
Germany. Among his works are a "Life of Luther, in
Greek Verse," (1579,) and "Christian Poem on Pales-
tine," ("Poesis Christiana Palestine," 1589.) Died in

Rhunken. See RUHNKEN.

Rhy'mer, Thomas the, or Thomas of Ercil-
doune, a Scottish poet, flourished between 1250 and
1300. He had the reputation of a prophet.

Rhyndacenus or Rhyudaconus. See LASCARIS.

Rliyne, Ten, t5n ri'neh, (WiLLEM,) a Dutch natu-
ralist, born at Deventer about 1640. He practised
medicine at Batavia, explored the plants of Java, and
aided Van Rheede in composing his "Hortus Mala-

Rhys, (ERNEST,) an English author, born at
London in 1859. He was a mining engineer in Dur-
ham 1877-85. He published the " Camelot" series,
(77 vols., 1886-91,) "The Lyric Poets," (12 vols.,
1894-98,) "The Fiddler of Carne," (1896,) "Welsh
Ballads," (1898,) etc.

Rhys, reess, (JOHN,) a Welsh philologist, born at

Aberceiro, in Cardiganshire, June 21, 1840. In 1877
he was appointed professor of Celtir at Oxford, in 1881
a Fellow of Jesus College, and in 1895 its principal.
He is the author of " Lectures on Welsh Philology,"
(1877,) "Arthurian Legend," (1891,) etc.

Rhyzelius, re-za'le-us, (ANDREAS,) a Swedish an-
tiquary, born in Westgothland in 1677. He became
Bishop of Linkbping, and wrote several works on
Swedish antiquities. Died about 1758.

Rianzarea, DUKE OF. See MUNOZ, (FERNANDO.)

Riario, re-4're-o, (GiROLAMO,) Seigneur of Forll and
Imola, a nephew of Pope Sixtus IV., was born about
1442. He was an enemy of Lorenzo de' Medici and of
the family of Colonna, He was assassinated by his own
guards in 1488.

Riario, (PIETRO,) CARDINAL, a brother of the pie-
ceding, was born in 1445. He was a corrupt favourite
of Sixtus IV., who appointed him Archbishop of Flor-
ence. He had great influence at the papal court, and was
notorious for his debauchery. Died in 1474.

Ribalta, re-Bal'ta, (FRANCISCO,) an eminent Span-
ish painter, born at Castellon de la Plana in 1551. He
studied the works of Raphael and Sebastian del 1'iombo
in Rome, and settled in Valencia. His design, colour,
and composition are highly commended. Among his
works are a "Last Supper," a "Holy Family," and
" The Entombment of Christ." He was a skilful anato-
mist. Died in 1628.

Ribalta, de, da re-Bal'tJ, (JuAN,) a son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Valencia in 1597. He was a painter
of great promise, and died prematurely in 1628.

Ribas, de, deh ree'bis, (JOSEPH,) born at Naples
about 1735, entered the service of Russia, and became
an admiral. He commanded a fleet which operated
against the Turks in 1790.

Ribault or Ribaut, re'bo', (JEAN,) a French Prot-
estant navigator, born at Dieppe about 1520. He com-
manded a party sent by Coligni in 1562 to explore and
colonize some parts of North America. He explored
Port Royal, South Carolina, built a fort there, and re-
turned to France. In 1565 he obtained command of a
fort and colony which the French had planted on the
Saint John's River, Florida. He had seven vessels under
his command. The French were attacked by a Spanish
fleet just after the arrival of Ribault. He was about to
bring his vessels into action, when a storm drove them
ashore. Ribault and his men escaped to land, but were
massacred by the Spaniards.

Ribault, re'bo', (J. F.,) a French engraver, born in
Paris in 1767 ; died in 1820.

Ribbing von Leuven, rib'bing fon loi'ven, ? ( ADOLPH
LUDWIG,) a Swedish conspirator, born at Stockholm
in 1764. He was an accomplice of those who killed
Gustavus IIL, and was banished for life. Died in
Paris in 1843.

Ribeiro or Ribeyro, re-ba^e-ro, (BERNARDIN,) a
Portuguese pastoral poet of theTixteenth century, was
born at Torrao, in Alemtejo. He is pronounced by
Longfellow " one of the best poets of Portugal, and the
first Portuguese writer who gained a high reputation as
a pastoral poet."

See LONGFELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Ribeiro doa Santos, re-baVro dis sin'tis, (ANTO-
NIO,) a Portuguese poet of the present century, has pub-
lished, among other works, an " Ode to the Infante Dom
Henrique," which is greatly admired.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."


Ribera, re-Ba'ra, (CARLOS Luis,) a Spanish painter,
the son of a distinguished artist, was born in Rome
about 1812. Died in 1891.

Ribera, (FRANCISCO,) a Spanish Jesuit and commen-
tator, born in Segovia in 1537. He wrote Commentaries
on the minor prophets and on the Gospel of John. Died
at Salamanca in 1591.

Ribera, (JosE.) See SPAGNOLETTO.

Ribera, de, di re-Ba'ra, (ANASTASIO PANTALEON,) a
Spanish wit and burlesque poet, born at Saragossa in
1580. He was assassinated at Madrid in 1629.

'Ribes, rib, (FRANCOIS,) a French surgeon, born at

c as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal ; R, trilled; s as z; th as in Ms. (2^=See Explanations, p. 23.)




Bagneres de Bigorre in 1770. He succeeded Desgenettes
as chief physician at the H6tel des Invalides in 1837.
He wrote on anatomy, etc. Died in 1845.

statesman, born at Saint-Omer in 1842. He studied
law, entered public life in 1870, and became minister
of foreign affairs in the cabinet of 1890. He be-
came president of the cabinet in January, 1893, and
in 1895, on the election of President Faure, he again
became prime minister of France.

Riboutt6, re'boo'ti', (FRANCOIS Louis,) a French
dramatist, born at Lyons in 1770; died in 1834.

Ricard, re'kfR', (DOMINIQUE,) a French abbe and
translator, born at Toulouse in 1741. He translated
1'lutarch's "Moral Works," (17 vols., 1783-95.) and his

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 260 of 425)