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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Royal Academy in 1896, and was knighted in 1897.
The St. Paul mosaics were done by him.

Richmond, (LECH,) an English clergyman, bom in
Liverpool in 1772. He was educated at Cambridge, and
obtained a curacy in the Isle of Wight, from which he
removed to London in 1805 and became chaplain of the
Lock Hospital. He was presented to the rectory of
Turvey, in Bedfordshire, about iSoS. He published
"Annals of the Poor," containing "The Dairyman's
Daughter" and other narratives, which obtained a wide
circulation ; also, "The Fathers of the English Church,"
(8 vols., 1807-11.) Died in 1827.

See " Memoir of the Rev. Legb Richmond," by REV. T. S.

Rich'mpnd and Len'npx, (Luoovic STUART,) sec-
ond DUKE OF, born in 1574, was a son of the first Duke
of Lennox, and a cousin of James I. of England. He
gained the favour of that king, who created him Duke of
Richmond in 1623. He died, without issue, in 1624.

Richomme, re'shom', (JOSEPH THEODORE,) an emi-
nent French engraver, born in Paris in 1785. He gained
the grand prize in 1806 or 1816. He engraved a number
of works after Raphael. Died in 1849.

Richter, riK't^r, (ADOLPH,) a German painter, born
at Thorn in 1813.

Richter, (ADRIAN LUDWIG,) an eminent German
painter and engraver, born at Dresden in 1803. His
works are chiefly landscapes representing German and
Italian scenes. Died in June, 1884.

Richter, (/EMILIUS LUDWIG,) professor of canon law
at Marburg, born at Stolpen in 1808, published a
" Manual of Catholic and Evangelical Canon Law,"
(1841.) Died at Berlin, May 8, 1864.

Richter, (AUGUST GOTTLOB,) a German surgeon, born
in Saxony in 1742. He was professor of surgery at Got-
tingen for more than forty years, and wrote several works
on that subject. Died in 1812.

Richter, (GEORG GOTLOB,) a German physician,
born at Schneeburg, in Misnia, in 1694. He became
professor of medicine at Gbttingen in 1736, and pub-
lished many medical treatises. Died in 1773.

Richter, (GusTAV,) a German painter, born in Berlin,
August 31, 1823. One of his greatest pictures was
"The Raising of Jairus's Daughter." He became a
professor of art at Berlin, and executed some masterly
portraits. Died in Berlin, April 4, 1884.

Richter, rik'ter, (HENRY,) an English painter of
genre and occasionally of history, born in 1772, was
of German extraction. He resided mostly in London,
where he died in 1857. His most important historical
work is "Christ Restoring Sight to the Blind," now in
a church at Greenwich, England.

Richter, (HENRY JOSEPH,) D.D., a bishop, born at
Neuenkirchen, Oldenburg, Germany, April 9, 1838, came
to America in 1856, studied at Mount Saint Mary's Col-
lege in Cincinnati, and at the American College in Rome,
graduating as D.D. at the Propaganda in 1865, became
a I&man Catholic priest, and held a theological profes-
sorship at Cincinnati, 1865-70. In 1883 he was conse-
crated Bishop of Grand Rapids, the first of that title.

Richter, (HERMANN EBERHARD,) a German phy-
sician, born at Leipsic in 1808, published a number
of medical and botanical works. Died in 1876.

Richter, (JEAN PAUL FRIEDRICH,) commonly called
Jean Paul, a popular, quaint, and original German
author, born at Wunsiedel, near Baireuth, (Bavaria,) on
the 2lst of March, 1763. His father was a subaltern
teacher in the gymnasium of that place, and afterwards a
clergyman. His early education was defective. He had,
however, made good progress in Latin and Greek when
he entered the University of Leipsic, in 1780. He was

destined for theology, but a strong predilection for poetry
and philosophy caused him to neglect, and at length to
abandon, his appointed profession. During his attend-
ance at the university he was reduced to extreme indi-
gence. To supply his urgent want of funds, he wrote a
work entitled "Greenland Lawsuits," (1783,) which but
slightly improved his pecuniary affairs. He also wrote
a "Selection from the Papers of the Devil," ("Auswahl
aus des Teufels Papieren," 1788.) He quitted Leipsic
in 1785, after which he lived some time with his mother
at Huf. He was afterwards a tutor in a family of rank,
and in 1793 became teacher of a school at Schwarzen-
bach. He produced in 1793 "The Invisible Lodge,"
(" Die unsichtbare Loge,") which was received with,
favour. His " Hesperus," a novel, (4 vols., 1794,) was
greatly admired. "By degrees," says Carlyle, "Jean
Paul began to be considered, not a strange crack-brained
mixture of enthusiast and buffoon, but a man of infinite
humour, sensibility, force, and penetration." He changed
his residence frequently, living successively at Leipsic,
Weimar, Meiningen, etc. In 1798 he published "The
Valley of Campan, or a Discourse on the Immortality
of the Soul," (" Das Campanerthal, oder die Unsterb-
lichkeit der Seele.") He married Caroline Mayer, of
Berlin, in 1801, soon after which he settled at Baireuth.
The prince-primate Carl von Dalberg granted him in
1809 an annual pension of 1000 florins. According to
Carlyle, he received a pension from the King of Bavaria
in 1802. Richter is represented as having been eminently
happy in his domestic relations. Died at Baireuth in
November, 1825.

Among his principal works are novels entitled "Quin-
tus Fixlein," (1796,) " Parson in Jubilee," (" Der Jubel
Senior," 1797,) "Titan," (1800-03,) and " Flegeljahre,"
(which may be translated " Wild Oats," 1805.) " Titan,"
which he considered his master-piece, has been trans-
lated into English, (1863.) He also wrote two works
of high order, entitled " Introduction to ^Esthetics,"
("Vorschule der /Esthetik," 3 vols., 1804,) and "Le-
vana," (1807,) a profound philosophical essay on educa-
tion. He left an autobiography, " Wahrheit aus Jean
Paul's Leben, (8 vols., 1826-33,) the last part of which
was written by Dr. Otto. "Except by name," said Car-
lyle in 1827, "Richter is little known out of Germany.
The only thing connected with him, we think, that has
reached this country is his saying imported by M jdame
de Stael and thankfully pocketed by most newspaper
critics: 'Providence has given to the French the empire
of the land, to the English that of the sea, and to the
Germans that of the air !' Of this last element, indeed,
his own genius might easily seem to have been a denizen.
His thoughts, his feelings, the creations of his spirit,
walk before us embodied under wondrous shapes, in
motley and ever-fluctuating groups; but his essential
character, however he disguised it, is that of a philoso-
pher and moral poet, . . . whose delight and best
endeavour are with all that is beautiful and tender and
mysteriously sublime in the fate or history of man." As
a humourist, he is pre-eminent among the Germans.
Portions of his writings have been translated into English
by C. T. Brooks, E. H. Noel, and others.

See CARLVLK, " Essays," vols. i. and ii. ; E. FORSTER, " Life of
lean Paul Richter," 1863: BORING, "Leben und Charakterislik J.
P. Richlers," 1830; R. O. SPAZIER, "Jean Paul Richler ; ein bio-
graphischer Cpmmenur zu seinen Werken," 5 vols., 1833: Z.
FUNCK, "Notice sur Jean Paul Richter," 1839: L. BUERNS,
"Denkrede auf J. P. F. Richler," 1826; " Nouvelle Biographic
Generate ;" ELIZA LEE, " Life of J. P. F. Richter," Boston, 1841 ;
" Edinburgh Review" for June, 1827 ; " British Quarterly Review
for November, 1847;

Richter, (JEREMIAS BENJAMIN,) a Prussian chemist,
born at Hirschberg, in Silesia, in 1762. He published,
besides other works, " Rudiments of the Art of Measuring
Chemical Elements," (4 vols., 1792-94.) It is stated that
he discovered the law of multiple proportions. Died
in 1807.

See MEUSEL, "Gclehrtes DeutschJand."

Richter, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a German Orientalist,
born at Freyberg in 1773 ; died in 1806.

Richter, von, fon riK'ter, (Orro FRIEDRICH.) a
Russian traveller, born in 1792. He visited Egypt,
Syria, etc. Died at Smyrna in 1816 or 1817.

a. e. i, 6, u, y, long: 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure- far, fall, fat, met; not; good; moonj




Richtofen.von, fon RiK'to-fen, (FERDINAND,) BARO.N, j and martyr, born in Northumberland near the beginning

a celebrated German geologist and traveller in China of the sixteenth century. He was educated at Pembroke

and Central Asia, was born in 1833. His publications College, Cambridge, and obtained a high reputation as

on the geography and geology of China are of high a preacher. About 1540 he became chaplain to the

value. Died in 1888. king. He was appointed Bishop of Rochester in 1547,

Rl9 i-mer, an ambitious general of the Roman army, and succeeded Bonner as Bishop of London in 1550.

Was a Gothic chief. He deposed A vitus about 457 A. D., He assisted Cranmer in composing forty-one or forty-

and raised to the throne Majorian, whom he put to two articles of faith in 1551, attempted to convert the

death in 461. He obtained imperial power, though he princess Mary, and induced King Edward to found

did not assume the title of emperor. In 472 A.D. he several hospitals in London. On the death of Edwaid

captured Rome, and -caused Anthemius to be killed. VI. he advocated the claim of Lady Jane Grey. He

He died the same year. was committed to the Tower by Queen Mary in July,

See GIBBON, "History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman '553. and was removed in 1554 to Oxford, where he

Empire ;" LB BEAU, "Histoire da Bas- Empire;" "Nouvelle Bio- took part in a disputation on the questions which divided

graphic Generate." the p rotestants f rom t h e Roman Catholics. Having

Rick'etts, (JAMES B.,) an American general, born in been condemned as a heretic, he suffered death by fire

the city of New York. He graduated at West Point in w ''h fortitude on the :6th of October, 1555-

1839, and became a captain in 1852. He commanded a See GLOUCESTER RIDLEY, " Life of Bishop Ridley," i

division at the battle of Antietam, September 1862 and " Hisl T of England;" "Monthly Review" for December, 1763,
at that of the Wilderness, May 5 and 6, 1864. He was "** " ary> ''"* _....... ,

disabled by a severe wound at the battle of Cedar Creek, _ ^^fy- ( Sir THOMAS,) an English civilian, born at
Virginia, October 19, 1864. Died September 22, 1887.

EIv -
Law -

Rick'man, (THOMAS,) an English architect and
eminent writer on Gothic architecture, was born at en

He wrote a " View of the Civil and Ecclesiastical
Died in 1629.

an able painter of the
or near Vicenza about

tect of many Gothic churches and of the New Court of vo ls., 1648,) which is a work of much literary and critical

Saint John's College, Cambridge. Died in 1841. merit. Died about 1660.

Ricord, reTcoR', (PHILIPPE,) a skilful physician, of Ridolfi, (CLAUDio,) an Italian painter, born at Ve-

French parentage, born at Baltimore, United States, in rona in 1560, was a pupil of Paul Veronese. He is

1800. He became chief surgeon of the Ilopital du said to have been a good colorist. Died in 1644.

Midi, Paris, in 1831, and gave special zttention to vene- Ridolfi, (LORENZO,) a popular Florentine statesman,

real diseases, on which he wrote with great success. His who in 1425 rendered an important service to the re-

practice was immense: it was probably not surpassed by public by inducing the Venetians to form an alliance

that of any other physician in Paris. Among his works with Florence against the Duke of Milan.

are " Letters on Syphilis." Died October 21, 1889. Ridolfi, di, de re-dol'fee, (CosiMO,) MARQUIS, an

Riddell', (CHARLOTTE ELIZA LAWSON,) a British Italian agriculturist, born at Florence in 1794. He

novelist, born (Cowan) at Carrickfergus about 1837. founded an agricultural school at Meleto and wrote

" founded I

She published in all over forty novels and tales, the
best known being "George Geith," (1865,) and
"Austin Friars," (1870.)

Rid'dell, (HENRY SCOTT,) a Scottish clergyman, born
at Sorbie, in Dumfriesshire, September 23, 1798, a shep-
herd's son. He was educated at the University of Ed-

articles for the "Journal of Agriculture," founded by
himself and a few others in 1827. He was minister of
the interior and president of the council for a short
time in 1847 and 1848. Died March 5, 1865.

Rid'patn, (JoHN CLARK,) LL.D., an American author,
born in Putnam county, Indiana, April 26, 1840. He
graduated at Asbury University in 1863, and was pro-

inburgh, and became the minister of Teviothead. He j fessor of history, etc., 1869-85, in his alma ma'ter,
was a proli6c writer, but is now chiefly remembered for j ( now ca u e d De Pauw University.) He edited the
his songs and border-tales. Died July 30, 1870. i< ^ re

Ride'ing, t WILLIAM HE\RY,) an American editor
and author, was born at Liverpool, England, in 1853.

Arena," 1897-98, and published several works on
United States history, biographies of Garfield and
. Elaine, "Cyclopaedia of Universal History," "The

He served as associate editor of "North American , Great Races of Mankind," etc. Died July 31, 1900.
Review, "Youth's Companion," and other periodi- 1 Riedeaelree'deh-zel', (JOSEPH HERMANN,) a German
cals, and was the author of several books for boys, j traveller, born in 1740. He published an account of
descriptive works, etc. i his travels in Greece, etc., (" Remarques d'un Voyageur

Ri'der, (JOHN,) a Protestant bishop, born in Cheshire ; au Levant," 1773.) Died in 178^.

about 1562. He became Bishop of Killaloe, in Ireland, Riedesel, von, fon ree'deh-zel', (FREDERIKA,) BAR-
in 1612. Among his works is "An English-Latin and ONESS, a German lady, born at Brandenburg in 1746.
J.atin-English Dictionary," (1589.) Died in 1632. She went to the United States in 1777 with her'husband,

"Ri^^f /T?**W \VlT t T ft V \ in 7?nn1 irK \. , t . '

Rider, (Rev. WILLIAM,) an English historian, pub- an
lished a " History of England." Died in 178;. tri

in Berlin in'iSoS.

1 History of England." Died in 1785.
Ridg'way, ( ROBERT,) an American ornithologist,
born at Mount Carmel, Illinois, in 1850. He was zoolo-
gist on the geological exploration of the fortieth par-
allel 1867-69, and, after 1880, curator of birds in

r in the British service. She wrote Letters on
the campaign which she witnessed in New York. Died

See the " North American Review" for January, 1828.

Riedesel, von, (FRIEDRICH ADOLPH,) BARON, a
Ge'rman officer, born in 1738, was the husband of the

the United States National Museum. 'He"wro7e7with Preceding. He served in the British army against the
Baird and Brewer, "A History of North American Americans^ 777-82.) and obtained the rank of general.

Birds," (5 vols.,) other works on birds, and numerous L

oaners See Memoirs, Letters, and Journals of Major-General Riede-

Bel," translated from the German by WILLIAM L. STONE, (New

Rid'ley, (GLOUCESTER,) an Engnsn clergyman, born York, "S6S.)

at sea, on board the "Gloucester" East Indiaman, in Riedinger or Ridinger, ree'ding-er, (JOHANW
1702. He wrote a "Life of Dr. Nicholas Ridley, Bishop ELIAS,) an eminent German designer and engraver,
of London," (1763,) and several poems, one of which born at Ulm in 1695. His delineations of animals, es-
was called " Psyclie," (1782.) Died in 1774. pecially wild ones, are unsurpassed for accuracy and

Ridley, (JAMES,) a son of the preceding, was a chap- ' fidelity to nature. Among his master-pieces are "Obser-
lain in the army. He wrote "Tales of the Genii," vations on Wild Animals," (40 copper-plates,) "Fables
often reprinted. Died prematurely in 1765. j of Animals," (16 plates,) and "Paradise," (12 plates.)

Ridley, (NICHOLAS,) an eminent English Reformer j He worked mostly at Augsburg. Died in 1767.

<as/t; 9 as*; gAard; gas/;G, H, K, guttural; tl,nasa/; R, trilled; sasz; thasinMu.

Explanations, p. 23.)




Riegger, von, fon reeg'ger, (JOSEPH ANTON,) a Ger-
man jurist and writer on canon law. He became
professor of law at Vienna in 1764. Died in 1795.

Riego y Nunez, del, df 1 re-a'go e noon'yeth, a Span-
ish general and patriot, born in Asturias about 1785.
He was a leader of the insurgents who in January, 1820,
took arms for the Constitution of 1812. He was after-
wards appointed Captain-General of Asturias, or of
Aragon, and president of the Cortes. He resisted the
French army of intervention in 1823, was taken prisoner,
and executed in November of that year.

Riehl, von, (\\'ILHELM HEINRICH,) a German
historian, born at Biebrich in 1823. He became pro-
fessor of history at Munich in 1853, and in 1885 di-
rector of the National Museum of Bavaria. His works
on the history of civilization and manners were numer-
ous. He also wrote historical novels. Died in 1897.

Riem, reem, (JoHANN,) a German rural economist,
born at Frankenthal, on the Rhine, in 1739. He wrote
on the methods of raising bees and obtaining honey.
Died in 1807.

Riemer, ree'mer, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a German
scholar and writer, born at Glatz in 1774- He was
employed as a tutor in the family of \V. von Humboldt,
and subsequently in that of Goethe. lie became first
librarian at Weimar in 1828. He published a " Greek-
German Hand- Lexicon," and a number of poems. Died
in 1845.

Riencourt, de, deh rg^NTtooR', (SiMON,) a French
historian, born about 1605, in Paris, published a "His-
tory of the French Monarchy under the Reign of Louis
XIV.," (2 vols., 1688,) and a " History of Louis XIII. "
(1695.) Died in 1693.

Rienzi, re-en'zee, or Rienzo, re-Jn'zo, (NicoLA GA-
BRINI,) called COLASDI RIENZI, ko'lisdee re-eVzee, an
eloquent Roman tribune, was born probably at Rome.
He received a liberal education, and became a friend of
Petrarch about 1340. At that period anarchy prevailed
in Rome, the citizens of which were robbed and out-
raged by barons who occupied fortified castles. Rienzi
was a colleague of Petrarch in a deputation sent by the
Romans to Avignon in 1342 to persuade the pope to
return to Rome. In 1347, by the popular favour, he
obtained power, with the title of tribune, and made some
reforms. He soon became elated with success, and dis-
gusted the people by his vain pomp and extravagance.
"He degenerated," says Gibbon, "into the vices of a
king." He was driven out of the city about the end of
1347, after he had been anathematized as a rebel and a
heretic by the legate of the pope. Having passed seven
years as a fugitive in Germany, etc., he was arrested and
taken to Avignon, as a captive or culprit, in 1352. In
1354 he was sent to Rome, with the title of senator, by the
pope, who proposed to use the talents and influence of
Rienzi for the restoration of order in that capital. Before
the end of the year he was killed in a tumult fomented
by the barons. " Never, perhaps," says Gibbon, " has the
energy and effect of a single mind been more remarkably
felt than in the sudden though transient reformation
of Rome by the tribune Rienzi. . . . More eloquent
than judicious, more enterprising than resolute, the
faculties of Rienzi were not balanced by cool and com-
manding reason." Byron apostrophizes Rienzi as the
" Redeemer of dark centuries of shame,
The friend of Petrarch, hope of Italy,
Rienzi I last of Romans I"

Childe Harold, canto iv. stanza crtv.

The history of Rienzi forms the basis of one of Bui-
wer's most popular novels.

See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," vol. iv.
chap. but. ; SCHILLER, " Hislory of Rebellions;" " Life of Rienzi."
in French, by Du CERCEAU. 1733; G^BRINI, " Osservazioni sulla
Vita di Rienzo," 1806: ZEFIRINO RE, La Vita di Rienzi," 1828.

Riepenhausen, ree'pen-h5w"zen, (FRANZ,) an emi-
nent German painter of history, and engraver, born at
Go'ttingen in 1786. lie went to Rome about 1807 with
his brother Johann. They produced several oil-paintings,
and designs to illustrate the poems of Goethe and Schil-
ler ; also a " History of Painting in Italy," (3 vols., 1820,
with twenty-four engravings after Italian masters.) He
died at Rome in 1831.

Riepenhausen, (JoHANN,) a painter and engraver.

a brother of the preceding, was born at Gottingen in
1788. He worked many years at Rome. After the
death of Franz, he published a series of engravings
illustrative of the life of Raphael, under the title of
"Vita di Raffaello," (1834.) Died at Rome in 1860.

Ries, reess, (FERDINAND,) a German composer and
pianist, born at Bonn in 1784, was a pupil of Beethoven.
He visited Paris, Stockholm, Saint Petersburg, and
London, and in the last-named city was received with
distinguished favour. His compositions include sym-
phonies, instrument pieces, and operas ; also an oratorio
called "David." Died in 1838.

See FBTIS, " Biographic Universelle des Musiciens."

Rieter, ree'ter, (HENRI,) a Swiss landscape-painter,
born at Winterthur in 1751. He worked at Berne, and
painted Swiss scenery with success. He published col-
oured engravings of the same subjects. Died in 1818.

Rietschel, reet'shel, (ERNST,) an eminent German
sculptor, and professor in the Academy of Arts at Dres-
den, was born at Pulsnitz in 1804. He studied under
Rauch at Berlin, and subsequently in Italy. Among his
master-pieces we may name " Mary Kneeling over the
Dead Body of Christ," a bust of Luther, a " Ceres,"
colossal statues of Goethe and Schiller, (at Weimar,)
and the "Christ-Angel." Died at Dresden in 1861.

See "Biographic Universelle."

Rietschoof, reet'sKof, (HENDRIK,) a skilful Dutch
painter of marine views, was born in 1678.

Rietschoof, (JAN KIAASZ,) a Dutch painter of ma-
r : ne views, born at Hoorn in 1652, was father of the
preceding. Died in 1719.

Rieu-X, de, deh re-uh', (JEAN,) a marshal of France,
who was born in 13427"" He served with distinction under
Charles VI., and became marshal in 1397. Died in 1417.

Rieux, de, (PIERRE,) a French general, a son of the
preceding, was called MARHCHAL DE ROCHEFORT, and
was born at Ancenis in 1389. He fought for Charles
VII. against the English. Died in 1438.

Riffault, re'lc/, (JEAN RENE DENIS,) a French chem-
ist, born at Saumur in 1752. lie improved the method

French engraver, born in Paris in 1821. He obtained
a medal of the first class in 1855. Died in 1859.

RigaL, re'gf 1', QEAN JACQUES,) a French surgeon and
writer, born at Cussac in 1755 ; died in 1823.

Rigaltius. See RIGAULT.

Rigas. See RHIGAS.

Rigau or Rigaud, re'go', (ANTOINE,) a French gene-
ral, born at Agen in 1758. He commanded the depart-
ment of the Marne when Napoleon returned from Elba.
Having been condemned to death for his defection from
the cause of the Bourbons in 1815, he escaped to the
United States. He died in 1820.

Rigaud, (HYACINTHS,) an eminent French portrait-
painter, born at Perpignan in 1659, was a pupil of Ranc
and of other masters. He painted Philip V. of Spain,
in 1700, and Louis XIV. in 1701, soon after which he
received the title of court painter. Among his works'
are portraits of Bossuet and Lebrun. His touch is bold
and free and his design correct. He has been called
"the French Van Dyck." His portraits have been
engraved by Edelinck and Audran. Died in 1743.

See FONTENAY, " Diclionnaire des Artistes ;" C. BLANC, "His-
toire des Peintres."

Rigaud, (PIERRE AUGUSTIN, often called AUGUSTS,)
a French fabulist and merchant, born at Montpellier in
1760. He published, besides several poems, a volume
of Fables, (1823,) by which he is said to have acquired
a durable reputation. Died in 1835.

Rigaud, re'go',? (STEPHEN PETER,) F.R.S., an able
English astronomer, born at Richmond, Surrey, in 1774.
He became Savilian professor of geometry at Oxford
in 1810. In 1827 he was appointed director of the Rad-
cliffe Observatory, and Savilian professor of astronomy
at Oxford. He wrote papers for several scientific pe-
riodicals on astronomy and other physical sciences, and
edited the "Miscellaneous Works and Correspondence
of Bradley," (1831.) He was eminent as a mathematical
antiquary. Died in 1839.

&, e, 1, 6, u, y, long: a, e. A, same, less prolonged; a, c, 1, 6, u, j?, short;*, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; m?t; not; good; moon;




Rigault, re'go', (ANGE HirroLYTE,) an able French
litterateur, born at Saint-Gerinatn-en-Laye in 1821. He
became an editor of the "Journal des Debats" in 1853.
He wrote a " Histoire de la Querelle des Anciens el
des Modernes," (1856,) which gained the prize of the
French Academy. Died in December, 1858.

Rigault, [Lat RIGAL'TIUS,] (NICOLAS,) a French
philologist and able critic, born in Paris in 1577. He
succeeded Casaubon as keeper of the King's Library
about 1610, and obtained the office of procureur-general
at Nancy after 1633. He edited Martial, Juvenal, and

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 263 of 425)