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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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socialist, born at Bordeaux in 1794. He became a favour-
ite disciple of Saint-Simon, who bequeathed to him his
manuscripts. Died in iSi;o.

Rodriguez, ro-dRee'g^th, [Lat. RODERI'CUS,] (AL-
FONSO,) a Spanish theologian, born at Valladolid in 1526.
He wrote a work on "Christian Perfection," (1614,)
which was often reprinted and translated. Died in 1616.

Rodriguez, (VENTURA,) an eminent Spanish archi-
tect, born at Cienpozuelos in 1717. He designed or
constructed churches, palaces, and colleges at Saragossa,
Toledo, Malaga, Granada, etc. He became professor of
architecture at Madrid in 1752. Died in 1785.

See PONZ. "Viace de Espafla."

Roe, (AzEL STEVENS,) an American author, born in
New York city, August 16, 1798. He was in early life
a merchant. He published a large number of novels,
many of which have been exceedingly popular. D. l8S6

Roe, (EDWARD PAYSON,) an American novelist, born
at New Windsor, New York, March 7, 1838, was educated
at Williams College and at Auburn Theological School
and became a Presbyterian minister. He was, 1874-84
a nurseryman and fruit-grower at Cornwall on the Hud
son. His principal works are " Barriers Burned Away,'
(1872,) "What Can She Do?" (1873,) " Play and Profi
in the Garden," (1873.) " Opening of a Chestnut Burr,'



(1881,) "His Sombre Rivals," and "Nature's Seria
Story," (1884 ) Died July 19. 1888.

Roe, ro, (Sir THOMAS,) an English ambassador, born
in Essex about 1580. He was sent on an embassy to
the Great Mogul in 1614, and to Constantinople in 1621
Died in 1644.

Roebling, reb'ling, (JOHN AUGUSTUS,) an emmen
engineer born at Muhlhausen, in Prussia, June 12
1806. In 1831 he sealed in Western Pennsylvania
He became distinguished as a constructor of suspensioi
bridges, for use in which structures he manufacture,
wire ropes on an extensive scale. The Niagara suspen
sion bridge, and that between New York and Brooklyn
were designed by him. He wrote " Long and Shor
Span Bridges," (1869.) Died in Brooklyn, New York
July 22, 1869.

Roebling, (WASHINGTON AUGUSTUS,) an America
engineer, son of J. A. Roebling, was born at Saxonburg
Pennsylvania, May 26, 1836, and graduated at Rensselae
Polytechnic Institute, Troy, in 1857. He served as a
engineer-officer in the war of 1861-65, attaining the ran
of colonel, was an assistant to his father in coustructin
the suspension bridges at Pittsburrr and Cincinnati, i
1869 was made engineer of the East River bridge a
New York, and was its chief engineer during the perio
of construction, 1869-83. He published numerous r
ports, chiefly on that bridge and its towers.

Roebuck, (JOHN,) an English chemist and iron
master born in Sheffield in 1718, practised medicine i
Birmingham. He invented a method of procuring su
phuric acid at a greatly-reduced cost, and about 176
" " ' Carron extensive iron-works, in which h



mproved the method of smelting iron. He was con-
ected with James Watt in his early experiments on the
eam-engine. Died in 1794.

Roebuck, (JoHN ARTHUR,) a British politician,
randson of the preceding, was born at Madras in 1801.
le was elected member of Parliament for Bath in 1832,
nd again in 1841. After 1849 he represented Sheffield
i the House of Commons until he was defeated in 1868.
le originated the motion on the conduct of the Crimean
ar which resulted in the defeat and removal of the
Aberdeen ministry. He displayed a violent hostility to
le United States and sympathy with the slaveholding
onfederacy during the great civil war. In 1874 he was
eturned to Parliament, and became a member of the
rivy council in 1878. Died November 30, 1879.

Roederer, rb'deh-rer or ra'deh-raiR',(jEAN GEORGES,)

French physician, born at Strasburg in 1726. He
ecame professor of midwifery at Gbttingen in 1751.
le published "Elements of the Obstetric Art," ("Ele-
icnta Artis obstetrician," 1752,) "On Mucous Disease,"
"De Morbo mucoso," 1762,) and other works. Died
n 1763.

See " Biographic Medicale."

Roederer, (PIERRE Louis,) COMTE, a French states-
man, was born at Metz in 1754. As a member of the
National Assembly, (1790.) he advocated liberty and
quality. He was elected a member of the Institute
n 1796. promoted the accession of Bonaparte to power
n 179-., and became a senator in 1802. In 1806 Joseph
3onaparte appointed him minister of finance in Naples,
le held no office under the Bourbons. He wrote an
,ble "Memoir on Polite Society in France," (1835.)
Jied in 1835.

See NficNET, " Roederer, sa Vie et ses TVavatix," 1838; SAINTK-
SEUVE, "Causeries duLundi," and "LeComtede Roederer," 185}:
' Nouvelle Biographic GeneVale."

Roelas, de las, dl Ids ro-a'lis, (JuAN,) an excellent

panish painter, born at Seville about 1560, was called

LL CLERIGO ROELAS. He worked for some time in

iladrid, and removed to Olivares about 1624. The

hurches of Seville are adorned with many of his works.

Among his master-pieces are " El Transito" of San Isi-

doro, a " Holy Family," and " Santiago." Died in 1625.

Roell. See ROLL.

Roemer. See ROMER.

Roenne. See RONNE.

Roepel, roo'pel, (CON RAD,) a Dutch painter of flowers
and fruits, born at the Hague in 1679 ; died in 1748.

Roer or Roeer, rb'er, (HANS HEINRICH EDUARD.)
a German Orientalist, born at Brunswick in 1805. In
1839 he visited Calcutta, and became in 1846 one of
the secretaries of the Asiatic Society. About the same
time he founded the " Bibliotheca Indica," to which he
contributed translations from the Sanscrit, Arabic, and
Persic. Died at Brunswick, March 17, 1866.

Roestraten, roos'tKa'ten, (PiFTER,) a Dutch painter
of portraits and still life, born at Haarlem in 1627. He
worked for some years in London, where he died in
1698.

Roetscher. See ROTSCHER.

Roffensis. See FISHER, Bishop of Rochester. (The
title RoFFENSisfoften abridged to RoFFEN.,is homKoffa,

Latin name of Rochester, and belongs to all bishops of
that English see.)

Rog'er, [It. RUGGIERO, rood-ja'ro,] Count of Sicily,
born in Normandy in 1031, was an enterprising warrior.
He conquered Sicily from the Saracens. Died in JIOI.
See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."
Roger I., King of Sicily, born about 1096, was a
son and successor of the preceding. At the death of
his cousin. Duke of Apulia, he obtained possession ot
Apulia and Calabria, (1127.) He took arms against
Pope Innocent II., and made him prisoner, in 1139.
By recogni/ing Roger as King of Sicily, etc., the pope
obtained his liberty. Roger was an able and powerful
prince. Died in 1154.

See MURATOKI, " Annali d'llahV." ORDERICUS VITALIS, " Hi.
toria Ecclesiaslica ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Generale. "

Rog'er, Bishop of Salisbury, a powerful English prel-
ate, became prime minister of Henry I. about 1107.
Died in 1139.



e is k; c. as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,gutltiral; N, nasal; R,



trilled; s as z; th as in this. (S3T~See Expl



, P- 23-



ROGER



2076



ROGGEWEEN



Roger. ro'zha', (AooLPHE,) a French painter of his-
tory, born at Palaiseau in iSoo ; died in iSSo.

Roger, (GusiAVE HIPPOLYTE,) a French vocalist,
born in Paris in 1815 ; died September 14, 1879.

Roger, (JEAN FRAUC;OIS,) a French dramatist, born
at Langres in 1776. He produced "The Lawyer,"
(" L'Avocat," 1806,) and other successful comedies. In
1816 he became secretary-general of the post-office. He
was admitted into the French Academy in 1817. Died
in 1842.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Roger, (PIERRE.) See CLEMENT VL

Roger Ducos. See Ducos.

Roger di Loria. See LORIA, DI.

Roger (or Richard) of Hexham, an English chroni-
cler, was prior of a convent at Hexham about 1150.

Roger of Hoveden. See HOVEDEN, DE.

Roger of Weudover, an English chronicler, wrote
"Flowers of History," (" Flores Historiarum,") which
commences at the creation. Died in 1237.

Rog'ers, (BENJAMIN,) an English composer of sacred
music, born at Windsor; died about 1698.

Rogers, (CHARLES,) an English antiquary, born in
Westminster in 1711 ; died in 1784.

Rogers, (DAJVIEL,) an English scholar and diplo-
matist, born at Aston about 1540, was a pupil of Me-
lanchthon. He was employed by Queen Elizabeth in
embassies to Germany, etc. Died in 1590.

See WOOD, "Athens Gxonienses."

Rogers, (FAIRMAN,) an American engineer, born
at Philadelphia in 1833. He was lecturer on mechan-
ics at the Franklin Institute 1853-65, and professor of
civil engineering at the University of Pennsylvania
1855-70. He was one of the original members of the
National Academy of Sciences. In addition to scien-
tific works, he published a superb " Manual of Coach-
ing," in which art he was an adept. Died August 23,
1900.

Rogers, (GEORGE,) an English theological writer,
born in 1741. He was rector of Sproughton for about
fifty years. Died in 1835.

Rogers, (HENRY,) a distinguished English essayist,
born at Saint Alban's in 1806, was an Independent min-
ister in early life. He contributed to the " Edinburgh
Review" a number of essays and biographical notices,
which were republished in 1850. He is author of "The
Eclipse of Faith," (1852,) and of other works, some of
which are designed to prove that philosophy and re-
vealed religion are in accordance with each other. He
became principal of an Independent College near Man-
chester in 1857. In 1866 he published " Reason and
Faith, with other Essays." Died August 20, 1877.

Rog'ers, (HENRY DARWIN,) an eminent American
geologist, born at Philadelphia in 1809. He made a
survey of the State of New Jersey, of which he published
a report, and a geological map, in 1835. His report on
the geology of Pennsylvania came out in 1858, (2 vols.
410.) It enjoys a high reputation for thoroughness and
accuracy. He was appointed in 1857 regius professor
of geology and natural history at Glasgow, Scotland.
He also became associate editor of the " New Philo-
sophical Journal," Edinburgh, and contributed to various
other periodicals. Died in Glasgow in May, 1866.

Rogers, (JAMES EDWIN THOROLD,) an English
economist, born at West Meon in 1823. He gradu-
ated at Oxford in 1846, and was professor of political
economy there 1862-67. He was in Parliament 1880-
86. His greatest work is his " History of Agriculture
and Prices in England," (8 vols., 1866-93.) Died
October 12, 1890.

Rogers, (JOHN,) an English martyr, was in his youth
a Roman Catholic priest. Having been converted at
Antwerp, he settled at Wittenberg as pastor of a Prot-
estant church. He returned to England in the reign of
Edward VL, and became prebendary of Saint Paul's.
He was committed to prison in 1553 or 1554, condemned
as a heretic by Bonner and Gardiner, and burned at
SmithSeld in 1555, refusing to save his life by apostasy
from the truth.



Rogers, (JOHN,) an American sculptor, born at Salem,
Massachusetts, October 30, 1829. In early life he was
a machinist, but, becoming inspired with a love for plastic
art, he visited Paris and Rome in 1857. After his return
he perfected the art of modelling in a new clay compo-
sition, in which he executed great numbers of statuette
groups. His genre is singularly original, homely, and
unconventional, but entirely true to nature. Among his
best-known groups are "The Checker- Players," "The
Charity Patient," "The Town-Pump," "The Country
Post-Office," and a large number of representations of
\vnr-suliiccts. His larger works include an equestrian
statue of General Reynolds, at Philadelphia, and a
statue of Abraham Lincoln.

Rogers, (RANDOLPH,) an American sculptor, born in
New York (State) in 1825. His early art-studies were
made chiefly in Rome, where he for the most part resided.
Among the best-known of his works are a bronze door in
the Capitoi at Washington, with scenes in ths career
of Columbus in relief, a statue of Lincoln in Fairmount
Park, Philadelphia, and various memorial monuments
and statues in different cities. Died January 15, 1892,

Rogers, (ROBERT EMPIE,) M.D., brother of Henry
Darwin, noticed above, was born at Baltimore in 1814.
He graduated at the University of Pennsylvania, where
he became in 1852 professor of chemistry. He was
subsequently appointed dean of the medical faculty
in that institution. Died September 6, 1884.

Rogers, (SAMUEL,) an eminent English poet, born at
Newington Green, a suburb of London, on the 3oth of
July, 1763. He was the third son of Thomas Rogers, a
London banker. After leaving school he became suc-
cessively a clerk and a partner in his father's banking-
house. He published in 1786 a volume entitled "An
Ode to Superstition, and other Poems," which attracted
little notice. In 1792 he produced his "Pleasures of
Memory," a beautiful and highly-finished poem, which
was received with much favour. He removed in 1803
to a fine house in Saint James Place, in which he passed
the rest of his long life. This house was celebrated as
a resort of eminent literary and political characters,
including Scott, Byron, Moore, Wordsworth, Southey,
and Coleridge. He retired from business in the prime
of life, with an ample fortune, of which he made a gen-
erous use. He gave liberally to artists and literary men
who were in pecuniary distress. His reputation was fully
maintained, or perhaps increased, by "Human Life,
a poem, (1819.) In 1822 he produced the first part of
an admirable poem, entitled "Italy," which is his most
extensive work. It is stated that he spent 10,000 in
the illustration of this poem, the complete edition of
which, with engravings after Prout and Turner, appeared
in 1836. He was never married. Died in December,
1855, over ninety-two years of age.

See "Recollections of the Table-Talk of Samuel Rogers," 1856;
JEPPRKY, " Miscellanies ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale :" " Ed-
inburgh Review" for October, 1813, and March. 1819; "Quarterly
Review" for March, 1813; " Fraser's Magazine" for Apnl, 1856;
ALLIBONB. " Dictionary of Authors;" "North British Review" lor
August, 1856; " Biographical SketcheE," by H, MABTINEAU.

Rogers, (WILLIAM AUGUSTUS,) an American
physicist, was born at Waterford, Connecticut, in 1832.
He graduated at Brown University in 1857, became
professor of mathematics at Albert University in 1859,
assistant professor of astronomy at Harvard in 1875,
and professor of physics and astronomy at Colby Uni-
versity in 1886. He became an expert in micro-
metrical work, invented various apparatus, and wrote
much on his special subjects. Died in 1898.

Roget ro'zha', (PETER MARK,) F.R.S., an English
physiologist and physician, of French extraction, born
in 1779, graduated as M.D. at Edinburgh in 1798. He
settled in London, and was secretary to the Royal
Society. His reputation is founded on an able work
entitled "Animal and Vegetable Physiology," (1834,)
which is one of the "Bridgewater Treatises." He is
author of other scientific works, and of a " Thesaurus
of English Words and Phrases," (1853.) Died in
September, 1869.

See " Edinburgh Review" for October, 1834.

Roggeween, rog'geh-wan', (JACOB,) a Dutch navi-



n, e,T, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon;



ROGHMAN



2077



ROLAND



gator, born in Zealand in 1669. He commanded an
exploring expedition sent from Holland to the South
Sea in 1721. Died in 1733.

Roghman, roc'man, (ROLAND,) a Dutch landscape-
painter, born at Amsterdam in 1597. He painted Dutch
and German scenery. He also produced some fine
etchings of landscapes. Died in 1686.

Rogier, ro'zhe-4', (CHARLES LATOUR, ) a Belgian
statesman, was born at Saint-Quentin in 1800. He was
a prominent member of the provisional governmen'
formed in 1830. In 1832 he was appointed minister of
the interior, and in 1840 minister of public works.
lie became again in 1847 minister of the interior in a
cabinet of which the king confided to him the formation.
Having retired in 1852, he was reappointed to the same
office in 1857, and became minister of foreign affairs in
1861. He was a leader of the Liberal party. He died
at Brussels, in 1885.

Rognetta, r6n-yeVtl, (FlLlPPO,) an Italian medical
writer, born about 1805, practised in Paris. Died at
Naples in 1857.

Rogniat, ron'yejj', (JOSEPH,) BARON, a French gene-
lal of engineers, born at Saint-Priest in 1776. lie was
chief engineer of the grand army in 1812. Died in 1840.
Rohan, de. See SOUBISE.

Rohan, de, de.i ro'&N', (ANNE,) a French Protestant
lady, distinguished for her piety and learning, born in
1584, was a sister of Henri, Due de Rohan. She was
mistress of the Hebrew and other ancient languages.
Died in Paris in 1646.

Rohan, de, (HENRI,) Due, Prince de Leon, an able
French Huguenot chief, born in Brittany in 1579, was a
son of Rene'e, noticed below. He married in 1605
Marguerite de Be'lhune, daughter of the Due de Sully.
lie commanded an army which fought for religious
liberty in the civil war Which began in 1621, was sus-
pended by a treaty in 1623, renewed in 1627, and ended
in 1629. Having retired to Venice, he was appointed
general-in-chief of the Venetian army in 1630, and was
chosen by Cardinal Richelieu to direct the war in the
Valtelline. He defeated the Imperialists in 1635 al
Luvino and Tirano. lie was mortally wounded ai
Rheinfelden, where he fought for his friend Bernard
of Saxe-\Veimar, in 1638. lie leji Memoirs of events
which occurred in France from 1610 to 1629, and a
treatise on war, " Le parfait Capitaine," (1636.)

See COURTILZ DB SANDRAS, "Hlstoire secrete du Due H. de
Rohan." 1697. HAAG. "La France protestante ;" BAZIN. " Histoire
de Lnuis XIII :" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Rohan, de, (Louis,) PRINCE, a Frenchman, noted
for his gallantry and intrigues, was born about 163
1 le was a son of Louis de Rohan, Prince de Guemen
Having engaged in a conspiracy against Louis XIV., he
was executed in 1674.

Rohan, de, (Louis REN EDOUARD,) PRINCE CAR
DINAL, was born in Paris in 1734. He was sent a:
ambassador to Vienna in 1772, but, having offende<
Maria Theresa, he was recalled in 1774. He becami
a cardinal in 1778. He was a patron of Cagliostro
and was scandalously implicated in the affair of th
"Diamond Necklace," (1784,) in which he was the dup
of Madame La Motte, who, by forged letters, signe
" Marie Antoinette," persuaded the cardinal to buy
necklace as a present to the queen. For this he wa
tried and acquitted. Died in 1803.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Rohau, de, (MARIE.) See CHEVREUSE, DE.

Rohan, de, (RE.NEE,) VICOMTE, Sieur de Pontiv
et de Frontenay, a French Protestant, born in 1550
was one of the most valiant captains of his time. II
married the celebrated tatherine de Parthenay-Larche
veque. Died in 1586.

See BAYLE, "Historical and Critical Dictionary;" HAAG, "L
France protestante."

Rohault, ro'5', (JACQUES,) a French natural philos<
pher, born at Amiens in 1620, was a teacher of Cartesia
philosophy. He wrote a "Treatise on Physics," ("Trait
de Physique," 1671,) which was for a long time a standar
work on that subject. Died in 1675.

See MORBRI, " Dictionnaire Historiqne."

Rohault de Fleury, ro'6' deh fluh're', (CHARLES



French architect, born in Paris in 1801. The govern-
ent committed to him the construction of the Museum
T Natural History about 1830. Died August n, 1875.
Rohlui, ro'hi-nee', [etymology obscure,] in the
'indoo mythology, the name of one of the daughters
f Daksha, said to be the favourite w'fe of Chandra, (or
he moon.*) She is the bright star in the bull's eye,
ailed in Arabic Aldcbaran, (or Al Dabaran.) Other
ars regarded as the sisters of Rohini are also num-
ered among the wives of Chandra.

Rohlfs, (Mrs. CHARLES.) See GREEN, (ANNA
CATHARINE.)

Rohlfs, rilfs, (GERHARD,) a German explorer, born
t Vegesack, April 14, 1834. Having studied medicine
: Wurzburg, Heidelberg, and Gottingen, he entered the
'rench military service in Africa, and in 1861 went upon
long series of journeys in Northern and Central Africa,
le published many volumes in which the very important
csults of these journeys are recorded. Died in 1896.

Rohmann, ro'man, (JORCEN LINDEGAARD,) a Danish

torian and poet, born in the island of Seeland in 1797.
published several works on Danish history, and be-
ame Bishop of Fiinen. Died in 1855.

Rohr or Roehr, rb'R, (JoHANN FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-

an theologian, born near Naumburg in 1777. He was

dentified with the rationalistic school, and published

everal works on theology. He resided at Weimar,

here he died in 1848.

Rohrbacher, roR'bi'shaiR', (RENE FRANC.OIS, ) a
"rench ecclesiastical writer, born at Langatte in 1789.
-le wrote a "General History of the Catholic Church,"
29 vols., 1849-53.) Died in 1856.

Rojas or Roxas, de, da ro'His, (FERNANDO,) a cele-
irated Spanish author, who flourished about 1500. His
dramatic romance "Celestina" obtained great popu-
arity. The first edition of it was dated 1500.

Rojas or Rojas-Zorilla, de,- da ro'uls tho-rel'yS,
.FRANCISCO,) an eminent Spanish dramatist, born at
Toledo in 1601. Among his dramas are "Garcia del Cas-
anar,""El Desden vengado," ("The Insult Avenged,")
' Projne y Filomena," and " Entre Robos anda el Juego."

Rokes, ro'kSs, (HENRY,) called ZORC, a skilful Dutch
jainter, born at Rotterdam in 1621, was a pupil of
David Teniers. Died in 1682.

Rokitansky, ro-ke-tan'ske, (KARL,) a distinguished
jhysician and pathologist, born at Kriniggratz, in Bo-
lemia, in 1804. He became in 1844 professor of patho-
ogical anatomy at Vienna, and subsequently a member
of the Academy of Sciences and rector of the University
n that city. He was the projector of the great Vienna
rlospital. He published a "Manual of Pathological
Anatomy," (1842.) which is regarded as a standard and
las been translated into English. Died July 23, 1878.

Rokmeny. See RUKMIN?.

Ro'land, [Lat. RUTLAN'DUS; It. ORLANDO or RO-
LANDO,) a hero celebrated in the romances of chivalry,
was supposed to have been a nephew of Charlemagne.
He was killed at the battle of Roncesvalles, in 778 A.D.

Roland, roloV, a brave and able leader of the
French Camisards, was born in Card in 1675. He
gained several victories about 1702 over the royal forces,
who could not capture him until he was betrayed by one
of his party. He was shot in 1704.

Ro'land, [Fr. pron. ro'loN',] MADAME, (originally
MARIE JEANNE Phlipon (fle'poN') or Philipon, (fe
le'p6M',) also called MANON PHLIPON,) one of the most
noble and highly-gifted women that France has produced,
was born in Paris, March 17, 1754. She was the only
child of an engraver, and was liberally educated. Latin
and music were included in the list of her studies. She
was fond of books in early childhood, and received a
lasting influence from Plutarch, who was her favourite
author when she was nine years of age. In youth she
was an enthusiastic devotee of the Catholic Church, and
about the age of twelve persuaded her parents to send
her to a convent for one year. Her mature opinions
about religion are thus indicated in a passage of her
Memoirs: "I can still attend with interest the celebra-

The moon in Sanscrit (as in German) U masculine. not feminine,
as in the languages of Greece and Rome.



c as *; c u >. hard; g as,; G, H, K.^ttural; N, nasal; R, tnlled; S as ; th as in Iku. (J=See Explanations, p. *}.



ROLAND



2078



ROLL AND



tion of divine worship when it is conducted with dignity.
I forget the quackery of the priests, their ridiculous
fables, and their absurd mysteries. . . . The woes of
mankind, the consoling hope of an all-powerful Remune-
rator, occupy my thoughts ; all other fancies vanish ; the
sense of duty is quickened," etc. After she had arrived
at womanhood, though her faith in the Church was
shaken, she preferred studious retirement to the hollow
and frivolous pleasures of the gay world. She rejected
many successive suitors, whom her beauty attracted in
such numbers that she compared them to a levleen masse,
and resolved to marry none but a philosopher.

About 1775 she was introduced to M. Roland, whom
she characterizes as "un veritable homme de bien," ("a
truly good man.") He took several years to consider
the subject, and when he offered his hand her father
refused his consent, although he (M. Phlipon) was re-
cently ruined in fortune by his dissipated habits. Before
this time, it appears, she had lost her mother, who was
an excellent woman. Her father's house having ceased
to be a desirable, or even tolerable, residence, she retired
to the convent in Paris In which she had formerly passed
a year. After she had lived here five months, M. Roland
renewed his offer, which was accepted. They were mar-
ried in 1780, after which they resided successively at
Paris, Amiens, and Lyons. She visited England with


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 268 of 425)