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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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her husband in 1784, and Switzerland in 1787. She
was an enthusiastic votary of republican liberty, and in
the first stage of the Revolution enlisted in the cause
with ardour, although she expressed a presentiment that
she would be placed in the forlorn hope of the army.
By her fascinating manners, commanding genius, and
great conversational powers, she acquired such an influ-
ence in the councils of the Girondists that she has been
called the "inspiring soul" of that party. She assisted
M. Roland in his official duties while he was minister of
the interior, in 1792. He found that the literary success
of his reports, etc. was in an exact ratio to the part that
she took in their composition, and people were surprised
at the amount of work which he despatched. She com-
posed the important letter addressed by her husband to
Louis XVI in May, 1792.

About this time she became deeply interested too
deeply for her own peace in Buzot, a young Girondist
of noble character and handsome person, to whom she
alludes in this passage of her "Memoires:" "I honour
and cherish my husband as a sensible girl loves a vir-
tuous father, to whom she would sacrifice even her
lover ; but I have found a man who might be this lover
and, remaining faithful to my duties, my ingenuity has
failed to conceal the feelings or passion which for the
sake of duty I subdued." She adds that her husbanc
became jealous, and they were both unhappy.

M. Roland, having been proscribed by the Jacobins
retired to the country in May, 1793; but his wife pre
ferred to remain in Paris, and was committed to prisor
about the 1st of June. She seems to have considerec
the prison as an asylum from the suspicion of a jealous
husband, and her imprisonment as a relief from the
struggle of passion against duty. In a letter to Buzo
she says, "I owe to my persecutors the possibility ol
combining love and duty. Ah 1 do not pity me ! Others
may admire my courage, you alone can appreciate m;
joy." She improved her time in prison by writing hei
" Me'moires," which are enlivened by many anecdotes
and portraits of eminent persons. Her style is adtni
rable and graceful in the highest degree. " I nevei
heard any woman," said Count Beugnot, " speak with
so much accuracy and elegance." In the passage from
the prison to the scaffold she had a full view of the
house in which she had spent many happy years in
youth. There was the window from which she had often
gazed on the sun setting behind the distant hills. He
last words, according to a popular statement, were, " O
Liberty ! what crimes are committed in thy name 1" She
was beheaded on the gth of November, 1793. She lef
one child, Eudora, born in 1781.

" According to our modern notions," says the " Edin
buigh Review" for April, 1865, " she was neither gentle
nor pious, nor delicate, nor even virtuous. . . . But
viewed by that strange light of her own times, she stand



tit in noble and lofty pre-eminence. Of her greatness,
' heroism is greatness, there can be no doubt."

Pee C. A. DAUBAN. " *tude sur Madame Roland et son Temps,
uivie des Lettres de Madame Roland i Buzot," 1864 : "Me'moirea
e Madame Roland Rentes durant sa Capliviti." nouveUe Edition,
evue et complete par M. P. FAUGERB, 1864; LOUISE COLET,

Charlotte Corday et Madame Roland," 1842; " M^moues de Ma-
Roland," edition entierement conforme au manuscrit auto-



yMM. RERVILLE and BARRIERS; "Appeal to Impartial Posterity,"
tc, by MADAMS ROLAND.

Roland, (PHILIPPE LAURENT,) an able French sculp-
or, born at Marcq-en-Baroeul (Nord) in 1746. He was
a member of the Institute of Paris, and was commissioned
}y the government to make statues of Homer, Solon, and
Walesherbes. Died in Paris in 1816.
Roland d'Erceville. See ROLLAND.
Roland de la Platifcre, ro'l*N' deh IS pli'tejiiV,
JEAN MARIE,) a French Girondist minister of state, was
>orn near Villefranche (Beaujolais) in r?34- He was
nspector-general of manufactures before the Revolution,
rlis house in Paris was the head-quarters of the party
of the Gironde in 1791-92. He became minister of the
nterior in March, 1792, but was dismissed from office in
fune of the same year, in consequence of a famous letter
addressed to the king. This letter was composed by
lis wife. (See ROLAND, MADAME, noticed above.) He
again acted as minister of the interior from August to,
1792, to January 23, 1793, when he resigned, having
vainly striven against the reign of anarchy and violence.
He retired to Rouen in May, and, on hearing of the
death of his wife, committed suicide, in November, 1793.
See MADAMS ROLAND, "Me'moires:" LAMARTINE, " Histoi7
of the Girondists;" "Nouvelle Biographic GeWrale."

Rolander, ro-lan'der, (DANIEL,) a Swedish natural-
st, born in Smiland, explored the botany and zoology
of Surinam in 1 755, and returned home in 1756. He died
soon after, before he could publish his manuscripts.

Rolandino, ro-lin-dee'no, an Italian chronicler, born
at Padua about 1200. He wrote a Latin chronicle of'
events which occurred from 1200 to 1260. Died in 1276.
Rolando, ro-lan'do, (LUIGI,) an eminent Italian anat-
omist, born at Turin in 1773, became professor of anatomy
in the university of that city about 1814, and wrote
several able works, etc. Died in 1831.

See CARLO BELLINCERI, " Elogio storico del Professore L. Ho*
[ando;" "Biographic Universelle."

Roldan, rol-dln', (PEDRO,) a Spanish sculptor, born
at Seville in 1624, worked at Rome, Madrid, and Seville,
where he died in 1700.

Rolewinck, ro'leh-wink', (WERNER,) a German
monk, born in 1425, wrote a popular history of the world,
called " Fasciculus Temporum," (1474.) Died in 1502.
Rolfe, (R. MONSEY.) See CRANWORTH, LORD.
Rolfe, (WILLIAM JAMES,) an American editor and
teacher, born at Newburyport, Massachusetts, December
to, 1827, was educated at Amherst College, became an
instructor, and was one of the authors of the " Cambridge
Course of Physics," (6 vols., 1867-69.) but is best known
as the editor of Shakspeare's complete works, in forty
small volumes, adapted to use in schools. This edition
of Shakspeare has had a marvellous popularity. He
has also prepared select school editions of the works of
Gray, Goldsmith, etc.

Rolfink, rol'fink, (WERNER,) a German medical

writer, born at Hamburg in 1599 ; died at Jena in 1673.

Roll, rfll, (ALBERT PHILIPPE,) a French painter, born

in Paris, March 10, 1847. He was a pupil of Bonnat and

Gerome. Among his works are " Halte-la I" a military



scene, (1876,) "The Flood in the Banlieue of Toulouse.
(1877,) and "The Strike of the Miners," (1880.) Hi
"Kc.ist of Silenus" is in the Flemish manner. He ha
exhibited some pood portraits.

Roll or Roell. rol, (HERMANN ALEXANDER,) a Ger-
man Protestant divine, born at Doelberg in 1653. He
was professor of theology at Utrecht, (1704-18,) and
wrote several commentaries on Scripture. Died in 1718.

Rolland (or Roland) d'ErceviUe.ro'ldN'dgRss'vel',
(BARTHELEMI GABRIEL,) a French writer and judge,
born in 1734, was an adversary of the Jesuits. He was
executed by the terrorists in 1794.



a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged, a, e, T, 6, u, }', short; a, 9, i, 9, ol/iciirf; fir, fail, fit; mjt; not; good; moon.



ROLLE



2079



ROMANINO



Rolle, fol, ? (DENIS,) M.P., an opulent Englishman,
born in Devonshire in 1725. He purchased a large tract
in Florida, and there planted a colony, (about 1766,)
which was soon abandoned. Died in England in 1797.

Rolle, (HENRY,) an English judge, born in Devon-
shirein 1589. He compiled a digest, wliich was published
with the title of "Rolle's Abridgment." In 1648 he was
appointed chief justice of the king's bench by the Parlia-
ment, which he had supported in the civil war. He re-
fused to preside at the trial of Charles I. Died H 1656.
" He was," says Sir Matthew Hale, "a person of great
learning in the common law, profound judgment, great
moderation, justice, and integrity." (Preface to " Rolle's
Abridgment.")

See LORD CAMPBELL, "Lives of the Chief Justices," vol i.

Rolle, rol'leh, (JoHANN HEINRICH,) a German com-
poser of church music, born at Quedlinburg in 1718.
He succeeded his father as director of music at Mag-
deburg in 1752.. Among his principal works are the
oratorios of the "Death of Abel" and "Abraham on
Mount Moriah." Died in 1785.

Rolle, (JoHN,) LORD, an English Tory politician, born
in Devonshire in 1751. He was raised to the peerage
in 1796. He is said to have used a large fortune liberally,
and to have been the subject of "The Kolliad," a political
satire, written by several Whigs. Died in 1842.

Rolle, rol, (MICHEL,) a French mathematician, born
at Ambert in 1652; died in Paris in 1749. "He ren-
dered," says Fontenelle, "great service to science."

Rolle, (PIERRE NICOLAS,) a French writer, born at
Chatillon-sur-Seine in 1770, was author of " Researches
into the Worship of Bacchus," (3 vols., 1824.) Died in
I&55. His son, JACQUES HIPPOLYTE, born at Dijon in
1804, became an able journalist of Paris. Died in 1883.

Rollenhagen, rol'len-ha'gen, (GEORG,) a German
fabulist and didactic poet, born at Bernau in 1542; died
in 1609.

Rolli, rol'lee, (PAOLO ANTONIO,) an Italian poet, born
in 1687. He went to England about 1725, and taught
Italian to the princesses of the royal family. He trans-
lated "Paradise Lost" into Italian verse, (1729,) and
wrote some original poems, which were popular. Died
in Italy in 1767.

Rollin, rol'lin or ro'liN', (CHARLES,) an eminent
French historian and professor of belles-lettres, was
born in Paris in January, 1661. He became professor
of rhetoric at the College du Plessis in 1687, and ob-
tained the chair of eloquence at the College de France
in 1688. He was rector of the University about two
years, (1694-96.) He revived the study of Greek, and
made reforms in the system of education. In 1726 he
published a good work on the Study of Belles-Lettres,
("Traite de la Maniere d'etudier et d'enseigner les
Belles-Lettres.") He also wrote a " History of Rome,"
11738,) and an " Ancient History," ("Histoire ancientie,"
12 vols., 1730-38,) which enjoyed much popularity, es-
pecially with the young. It has been translated into
English. According to Voltaire, Rollin was one of the
first French authors who wrote a good style in prose.
His character was amiable and virtuous. Died in 1741.

See GUENRAU DE M USSY, "Vie de Rollin ;" TROCNON, " filoge
de Rollin," 1818; SAINTE-BEUVE, " Causeries du Lundi," tome vi. ;
BOUSSON DE MAIRET, " Essai sur la Vie de Rolliu;" NICERON,
"MiSmoires;" " NouveDe Biographic Ge'nerale."

Rolliu, (Ledru.) See LEDRU-ROLLIN.

Rollins, (ALICE WELLINGTON,) an American poet,
born in Massachusetts, June 12, 1847. Before her mar-
riage in 1876 her name was ALICE MARLAND WELLING-
TON. Her principal book is "The King of Amethyst,"
(1878. ) Mrs. Rollins was one of the finest sonneteers
of her time. Died in 1897.

RollinB, (ELLEN CHAPMAN,) an American authoress,
corn at Wakefield, New Hampshire, April 30. 1851.
Her maiden name was HOBBS. She was married to E.
A. Rollins. Her principal publications were " New
England Bygones" (1882) and "Old-Time Child-Life."
Died in Philadelphia, May 29, iSSi.

Rollo, Rou, roo, or Hrolf, [Fr. ROLLON, ro'loN',
and RAOUL, rS'ool',] first Duke of Normandy, born
about 860 A.D. lie was originally a Norwegian viking or
pirate, and was noted for strength and martial prowess.



In (he reign of Charles the Bald he ascended the Seine
and took Rouen, which he kept as a base of operations.
He gained a number of victories over the Franks, and
extorted from Charles III. in 912 the cession of the
province since called Normandy. By the famous treaty
which Charles and Rollo signed at this time the latter
agreed to adopt the Christian religion. Died about 930.

See LE CANUT, "Raoul I, Due de Normandie," a vols., 1781;
)RDERICUS VITALIS, " Hisloria."

Rollon. See ROLLO.

Rolph, (JOHN A.,) an English artist and engraver
of landscapes, born in Essex in 1798. He emigrated
:o the United States in 1833, and worked in New York
City. Died in Brooklyn in 1862.

Rolt, (RICHARD,) an English writer of history, biog-
raphy, etc., was born in 1724 or 1725. Among his
works is a " History of the General War" which ended
n 1748, 4 vols., and " Cambria," a poem, (1749.) Died
in 1770.

Romagnosi, ro-man-yo'see, (GIOVANNI DOMENICO,)
an eminent Italian jurist and publicist, born near Pia-
cenza in 1761. He published in 1791 an able work on
lenal legislation, "Genesis of Penal Law," ("Genesi
del Diritto penale.") About 1806 he and other jurists
brmed a new Italian criminal code at Milan. He wrote
numerous legal works, and lectured on law at Milan for
many years. Died in 1835.

Romain. See ROMANUS.

Romain, ro'maN', (ADRIAN,) a Flemish geometer
and physician, born at Louvain in 1561. He wrote on
;eometry, etc. Died at Mentr in 1615.

Romain, QULES,) the French name of GIULIO RO-
MANO.

Romain de Hooghe. See HOOGE.

Romaine, ro-man', (WILLIAM,) an eminent English
"alvinistic theologian of the Anglican Church, born at
Hartlepool in 1714. He became a popular preacher in
London, married a Miss Price in 1755, and was appointed
reclor of Blackfriars' in 1764. He preached at this place
about thirty years. Among his most popular works are
"The Walk of Faith," (1771,) and "The Triumph of
Faith," (1793.) Died in 1795.

See W. B. CADOCAN, "Life of W. Romaine/' 1796: THOMAS
HAWEIS, " Life of the Rev. W. Romaine," 1797.

Roman, ro'moN', (JEAN BAPTISTE Louis,) a French
Statuary, born in Paris in 1792, gained the grand prize
in 1816. Died in 1835.

Romana, de la, di la ro-ma'na, (Don PEDRO Caro
y Sureda ki'ro e soo-ra'oa,) MARQUIS, a Spanish
general, born in Majorca in 1761. He served with dis-
tinction in the war against the French, (I793~95 an( ^
1809-10.) Died in 1811.

Romanelli, ro-mi-nel'Iee, (DOMENICO,) an Italian
antiquary, born in the Abruzzi in 1756; died in 1819.

Romanelli, (GIOVANNI FRANCESCO,) an eminent
painter of the Roman school, born at Viterbo in 1617,
was a pupil of Pietro da Cortona. He was employed
at Paris by Louis XIV. and Cardinal Mazarin. lie
also adorned several churches of Rome with his works.
Died in 1663. His son URBANO, born in 1652, was a
painter. Died in 1682.

Roman'es, (GEORGE JOHN,) an English biologist,
born at Kingston, Canada, in 1848. He was educated
at Cambridge University, became Fullerian professor
in the Royal Institution, London, and in 1890 removed
to Oxford, where he founded the Romanes lectureship
in 1891. He was an advanced Darwinian in his
views, which he gave in " Darwin and after Darwin,"
his latest work. He published works also on " Mental
Evolution," "Animal Intelligence," etc. Died in
1894.

Romanet, ro'mjfn^', (ANTOINE Louis,) a French
line-engraver, born in Paris in 1748. He engraved
successfully some works of Raphael and Titian. Died
in 1807.

Romaui. See ROMANINO, (GIROLAMO.)

Romanino, ro-mi-nee'no, (GIORGIO,) an able Italian
painter, born at Rome about 1500. He was invited to
France, and painted some frescos in the Louvre. His
design and colour are highly praised.



eas k; j as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,gitttural; N, nasal; R. trilled; s as z; th as in this. (Jf"See Explanations, p. 23.)



ROMANINO



2080



ROMILLY



Romanino or Rouiani, ro-ma'nee, (GiROLAMO,) an
Italian painter, born at Brescia atoul 1490, imitated
Titian, and was a good colorist. He painted some
frescos in the Louvre, Paris. Died about 1560.

Romano. See GIULIO ROMANO.

Romano, da, da ro-ma'no, (EZZELINO, ?t-sa-lee'no,
or ECCELINO, et-chi-lee'no,) an able commander and a
famous Ghibeline leader, remarkable for his reckless
Courage and for his cruelty, was born in 1194. As an
ally or partisan of the emperor Frederick II., he fought
against the Marquis d'Este, and captured Padua in 1237.
He was excommunicated by the pope about 1252, and a
league was formed against him by several cities and
princes of Lombardy. He died, or was killed in battle,
in 1259.

Romanof, Romanov, or Romanow, ro-ma'nof,
(MICHAEL FF.ODOROVITCH,) the founder of the reigning
dynasty of Russia, was a son of the Metropolitan of
Rostof. He was elected Czar or emperor in 1613, when
be was only fifteen or sixteen years old. He made peace
with the Swedes by the cession of Ingria 'and Karelia,
and afterwards waged against the Poles a defensive war,
which ended in 1619. He promoted the civilization of
his subjects, and made reforms in the laws. He died ir
1645, and was succeeded by his son Alexis.

See WICHMANN, " Urkundc liber die Wahl Michael Romanows,
etc., 1819.

Ro-ma'nus 1, Emperor of the East, called LECA-
PENUS, [Fr. ROMAIN LECAPENE, ro'maN' la'kS'pin',)
was a native of Armenia, and father-in-law of Constan-
tine VII., who made Romanus his colleague in the
empire in 919. Died in 948.

RomanuB IL, a grandson of the preceding, and son
of Constantine VII., was born in 939. He poisoned hi?
father and obtained the throne in 959. Died in 963.

Romanus III, Argy 'rus, [ Fr. ROMAIN ARGYRE, ro'-
maN' iR'zheR',1 was born about 968. He married Zoe,
a daughter of Constantine IX., whom he succeeded in
1028. He was poisoned by Zoe, his wife, in 1034.

Romanus IV, Diogenes, obtained the throne by
marriage with Eudocia, the widow of Constantine Ducas,
in 1067 cr 1068. He gained several victories over the
Turks in Asia Minor, but was defeated by Alp^ Arslan
in Armenia. He was deposed by Michael VII., by
whose order he was put to death about 1072.

See LE BEAU, "Histoire du Bas-Empire;" GIBBON, "Decline
and Fall of the Roman Empire."

Romanus, (^EGIDIUS.) See COLONNA, (EciDio.)

Ro-ma'nus, [Fr. ROMAIN, ro'maN',] POPE, born nea
Civita Castellana, in Italy. He was elected pope in
September, 897 A.D. Died in 898.

Romanzof. See RIOOMANTSOF.

Romberg, rom'be'RG, (ANDREAS,) a German vioVmis
and composer, bom in 1767, became director of music
at Gotha in 1815. He produced several sacred pieces
and operas, and set to music Schiller's "Song of the
Bell" and other poems. Died in 1821.

Romberg, (BERNHARD,) a cousin of Andreas, born
at Bonn in 1770, was celebrated for his performance on
the violoncello. He was appointed professor at the
Conservatory of Music in Paris in 1801. Died in 1841.

Rombout, rom'b6wt, (].,) a Dutch landscape-painter
lived about 1670.

Rombouts, rom'bowts, (THEODORE,) an excellen
Flemish painter of history, born -at Antwerp in 1597
was a pupil of A. Janssens. He worked in Rome anc
Florence, from which he returned to Antwerp in 1625
Among his works are "The Sacrifice of Abraham,'
"The Oath of Hannibal," and a "Descent from th
Cross." Died in 1637.

See DESCAMPS, " Vies des Peintres Flamaods," etc

Rome de Lisle, (or de I'lsle,) ro'ma' deh 141', (JRA
BAPTISTS Louis,) a French mineralogist, born at Gra
in 1736. He visited India and China, and returned t
France in 1 764. He wrote a work on " Crystallography,
(4 vols., 1783,) and " Me 1 trologie," (1789.) Died in 1790
" He Erst ascertained the important fact of the constanc
of thj angles at which the faces of crystals meet, anc
observing further that many of them appear in severa
different shapes, first conceived the idea that thes
shapes might be reducible to one, appropriated in



eculiar manner to each substance and modified by strict
eometrical laws." (Sir John F. W. Herschel, "Dis-
ourse on the Study of Natural Philosophy.")

Romegas, ro'ma'gSs', (MATHURIN D'Aux-LESCOUT,
mt'tu'raN' do'leVkoo',) a brave French kniglit of the
rder of Malta, which he joined in 1547. He distill-
uished himself in battle against the pirates and the
"urks. He was appointed commander of the galleys,
nd lieutenant-general. Died in 1581.

Romer or Roemer, rb'mer, (Oi.AF or OLAUS,) a
)anish astronomer, born at Aarhuus on the 25th of
Jeptember, 1644. He went to Paris in 1672, and aided
"icard, who procured for him the office of tutor to the
auphin. In 1675 he made (at Paris) the important
[iscovery of the velocity of light by observations of the
clipses of Jupiter's satellites. He became professor of
mathematics in the University of Copenhagen in 1681.
le first applied the epicycloidal curve in the formation
T the teeth of wheels. Rbmer held several high civil
.ffices. Died in 1710.

Romero, (MATIAS,) a Mexican diplomatist, born
it Uaxaca, Mexico, in 1837. He was in the diplo-
matic service of Mexico at Washington after 1859,
and was minister there 1863-68. He subsequently
served as secretary of the treasury and postmaster-
'eneral under President Juarez, and returned to
Washington as minister in 1882, remaining there,
with a brief interval as secretary of the treasury in
1892, until his death in 1898. He was a somewhat
voluminous author, official, historical, and descriptive.

Romey, ro'mV, (CHARLES OCTAVE,) a French his-
jorian, born in Paris in 1804, wrote, besides other works
a " History of Spain," (1838-48.) Died in 1874.

Romeyn, ro'min, (THEODORIC D.,) an influential
minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, was born at
Mew Barbadoes, New Jersey, in 1744. He preached
many years at Schenectady, New York, to which he
removed in 1784. He is said to have been the principal
bunder of Union College, Schenectady. Died in 1804.

Rornieu, de, deh ro'me-uh', (MARIE,) a French poet-
ess and prose writer, lived at Viviers. Died after 1584.

Romiguieres, ro'me'gejiiR', (TEAM DOMINIQUE JO-
SEPH Louis,) a French advocate, born at Toulouse in
1775, was a constant adherent of the liberal party. Died
"n Paris in 1847.

Romilly, ro'me'ye', (JEAN EDME, ) a Swiss Protest-
ant minister, born at Geneva in 1739, was a friend of
Kousseau. Died in 1779. His father, JEAN, born in
1714, was a skilful watchmaker. Died in Paris in 1796.

Rom'il-ly, (JOHN,) BARON, an English lawyer, a son
of Sir Samuel Romilly, was born in London in 1802,
He was elected to Parliament as a Liberal in 1832, was
appointed solicitor-general in 1848, and attorney-general
in 1850. In 1851 he became master of the rolls, and was
raised to the peerage, as Baron Romilly, in 1866. Died
December 23, 1874.

Romilly, (Sir SAMUEL,) a celebrated English lawyer
and statesman, born in London on the 1st of March,
1757. He was a son of Peter Romilly, a jeweller, whose
father was a French Protestant exiled for his religion.
His education at school was defective, but he studied
Latin after he was fifteen years of age, and became a
good self-taught scholar. He entered himself at Gray's
Inn as a student of law in 1778, and was called to the bar
in 1783. In 1784 he became acquainted with the famous
Mirabeau, who introduced him to a Mr. Vaughan. By the
favour of the latter, Romilly made the acquaintance of
Lord Lansdowne, in whom he found a friend and patron.
He obtained an extensive practice in the court of chan-
cery. In politics he was a Whig and advanced liberal.
In 1806 he was elected to Parliament and appointed
solicitor-general. He acquired great reputation by his
eloquent speech against the slave-trade. In 1807 he was
removed from office in consequence of the dissolution
of the Whig ministry. He afterwards directed his efforts
to the reform of the penal code, which at that period was
very severe. Nearly three hundred crimes of various
grades were punishable by death. He procured the pas-
sage of a bill, about 1809, to repeal the statute which
made stealing from the person a capital crime. In this
enterprise he encountered strong opposition from igno-



B.e, T, o, u, y, long: a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 5, u, ?, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; ftr, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon-



ROMME



2081



RONSARD



rznce, prejudice, and party spirit. He made an unsuc-
cessful effort in 1810 to repeal the statute which punished
with death the crime of stealing from a shop goods valued
at five shillings. He opposed in an eloquent speech the
declaration of war against Napoleon on his return from
Elba in 1815. He was a zealous advocate of Roman
Catho ij Emancipation. In his profession he is said to
have t sen more successful and more distinguished than
any other Englishman of his time. Although his style
was remarkable for plainness and simplicity, the im-
pressiveness of his speeches was, we are told, almost
unparalleled. In 1818 he was returned, at the head of
the poll, by the voters of Westminster. His wife died in
October, 1818. In a fit of delirium or insanity, he put
an end to his own life in November, 1818. He was
author of " Observations on the Criminal Law of Eng-
land," (1810.)

See " The Life of Sir Samuel Romilly, written by himself," edited
by his sons, 3 vols., 1840; BENJAMIN CONSTANT, "Eloge de Sir
Samuel Romilly," 1819; ROSCOE, "Lives of Eminent British Law-
yers ;" " Nouvelie Biographic G^neVale ;" " Edinburgh Review"


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 269 of 425)