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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Horus. She was worshipped as the goddess of fecun-
dity, and appears to have represented nature or the earth.
The cow was sacred to Isis. She had many worshippers
in Greece and Rome. There were famous temples of
Isis at Memphis and Denderah. She has been identified
with the Hindoo Isi, (which see.)

Isla, es'li, (JosE FRANCISCO,) a witty and popular
Spanish author, born at Segovia in 1703. He became a
Jesuit and an eminent preacher. He effected a reform
m the vicious style and bad taste that prevailed among
the Spanish priests, which he ridiculed in his famous
satirical romance "The Life of the Popular Preacher
Fray Gerundio de Campazas," (3 vols., 1758,) which
is called the best picture of Spanish manners of the
eighteenth century. This work was condemned by the
Inquisition. He made a Spanish version of " Gil Bias,"
under this title : " Adventures of Gil Bias, stolen from
Spain, adopted in France by Le Sage, and restored to
his Native Country and Language," (6 vols., 1787.) The
Jesuits having been expelled from Spain in 17671 he
retired to Bologna, where he died in 1781.

See J. I. DE SALAS, " Vida de Juan de Isla," 1803; TICKNOR.
" History of Spanish Literature ;" EVERETT, " Critical and Miscella-
neous Essays."

Isleif, is'llf, an Icelandic historian, was ordained a
priest in Rome about 1056, and returned home. He
wrote "Annals of Iceland and of Norway." Died about
1080.

Ismaeei or Ismail, is-mS-eel', a Moslem priest, was
Imam of the Sheeites in the second century of the Hejrah.
At his death a division occurred among the Sheeites in
respect to the succession. Those who adhered to the
son of Ismaeei were called Ismaeelites or Ismaeelians,
wid became a powerful sect in Egypt and Persia.

Ismaeei, Ismail, or Ismail Shah, is-mi-eel' shlh,
founder of the dynasty of Sofees of Persia, was born in
1487, and assumed royal power about the age of four-
teen. He acquired several provinces of Persia by con-
quest, and died in 1524, leaving the throne to his son,
Aboo-Modhaffer. Ismaeel is venerated by the Persians,
who call him King of the Sheeites, (a religious sect.)

See MALCOLM, " History of Persia ;" VON HAMMER-PURGSTALL,
44 Geschichte des Osmanischen Reichs."

Ismaeei (Ismail) II., King of Persia, the son of Aboo-
Modhaffer, began to reign in 1576, and made himself de-
tested by his sanguinary temper. After executing many
innocent persons, he died in 1577, and was succeeded by
his brother, Mohammed Meerza, (Mirza.)

See MALCOLM, 4t History of Persia."

Ismael, the French for ISHMAEL, which see.

Ismail Pasha, is-mJ-eel' pa'sha, former Khedive of
Egypt, was born in Cairo in 1830. His uncle Said, the
viceroy, in 1862 made him commandant of the army,
and in 1863 he succeeded as viceroy. His lavish ex
penditures not only greatly encumbered his private es
tales, but embarrassed all the people of Egypt. In 1867
he acquired from the Porte the title of Khedive. He
carried on extensive wars of conquest in the Soudan.
In 1869 the Suez Canal was opened. In 1879 the press-
ure of the foreign creditors became so great that the
Sultan, urged by the representatives of the European
powers, directed Ismail to abdicate. The abdication
took effect June 26, 1879 ; his son TEWFIK succeeded
as khedive. Died at Constantinople, March 2, 1895.

Isnard, is'niR', (ACHILLE NICOLAS,) a French politi-
cal economist and writer, born in Paris ; died about 1803.

Isnard, (MAXIMIN,) a French Girondist, republican,
and orator, born at Grasse, in Provence, in 1751, was
chosen a member of the Legislative Assembly in 1701.
He was one of the most able and enthusiastic partisans
of the Revolution, to which he often gave a new impulse
by his brilliant, impetuous, and inflammatory eloquence.



He was one of the first members of the committee of
public safety, the formation of which he first proposed
and was president of the Convention a few days in May,
1793, during the struggle between his party and the Ja-
cobins. He was involved in the fatal proscription of the
Girondists, but escaped death by concealment. In 1795
he was chosen a member of the Council of Five Hun-
dred. He retired from political life when Napoleon be-
came consul, and published an essay on the " Immortality
of the Soul," (1801,) in which he professes himself aeon-
vert to revealed religion. He maintained a fair reputation
for honour and probity, and died about 1830. Lamartine,
who calls him the Danton of the Gironde, says, " His
speeches were magnificent odes, which exalted discussion
into lyric enthusiasm." (" History of the Girondists.")
" Isnard was the man of the Girondist party," says
Charles Nodier, " who possessed in the highest degree
the gift of those vehement inspirations which burst like



thunder in sudden and terrible explosions."

See " Nouvelle I
French Revolution.



See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale



xplosi
;" TH



IERS, "History of tho



Isnardi, es-naR'dee, (GiAMBATTlSTA,) an Italian sa-
vant, born near Nice in 1749, wrote a "Memoir on the
Monuments of India and Egypt" Died in 1830.

Isocrate. See ISOCRATES.

I-soc'ra-tes, [Gr. 'loo/ipanyr ; Fr. ISOCRATE, e'zo'-
kRtt'; It ISOCRATE, e-sok'ri-ti,] one of the ten great
Athenian orators, bom at Athens in 436 B.C., received
lessons from Gorgias, Prodicus, and Theramcnes, and
was an intimate friend of Plato. He soon surpassed
these masters in the rhetorical art ; but his insuperable
constitutional timidity defeated his political aspirations,
and disqualified him for a public debater or an oracle
of the " fierce democracy." He opened a school of elo-
quence, which numbered among its pupils many eminent
men, such as Isaeus, Timotheus, Xenophon, and Hyperi-
des. Cicero compared his school to the wooden horse
of Troy, from which issued the principal Grecian chiefs.
He composed orations and forensic arguments for clients
or others, and discourses on moral and political questions.
His style is extremely polished and harmonious, but
perhaps too artificial and diffuse. His character was
honourable, his political principles were moderate and
sincerely patriotic. He was one of the few who had the
courage to appear in mourning for the death of Socra-
tes. It is said that the disastrous battle of Chaeronea
affected him so deeply that he refused to eat afterwards,
and died at the age of ninety-eight. Twenty-one of his
orations are extant.

See PLUTARCH, "Viue Decem Oratorum ;" BILMARK. "De
Isocrate Oratore Grzco," 1798: PFUND, "De Isocratis Vita et
Scripris," 1833: LICHTENAUER, " De Isocrate," 1843; O. MI'LLHR,
" History of the Literature of Ancient Greece ;" P. EKHRMAN, " Iso-
crates Patre loquentiie," 1743.

Isolani, e-so-11'nee, (IsiDORO,) an Italian theologian,
born at Milan, lived between 1480 and 1550, and wrote
many works against the doctrines of Luther.

Is'olani, e-zo-la'nee, UOHANN LUDWIG HECTOR,)
COUNT, an Austrian general, born in 1586, served in
the Thirty Years' war. For the part he took in the
betrayal of Wallenstein he received the title of count.
Died in 1640.

Isore, e'zo'ra', (JACQUES,) a French politician, born
at Cauvigny in 1758, was a member of the Convention
in 1792, and voted for the death of Louis XVI. Died
in 1839.

Isouard, 6-soo-aRd', or laoard, J-so-aRd', (NlCOLO,)
a Maltese musician and composer, born in 1775. He
is usually known by the name of NICOLO, under which
he gave his compositions to the world. The best-known
of these are his comic operas of "Joconde," (1813,) and
"Jeannot and Colin," (1814;) but he produced with ex-
traordinary facility, and was the author of a large number
of other operas, comic and serious, of masses, cantatas,
psalms, etc.

Isourd, d', de'zooR', ( JOACHIM JEAN XAVIER,) i
French ecclesiastic, born at Aix in 1766. He became a
cardinal in 1827, and in 1829 was made a peer of France,
with the title of duke. After refusing several archbishop-
rics, he accepted that of Lyons in 1839 ; but he died
before the end of, that year.



a, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; m?t; ndt; good; moon.



ISRAEL



1357



IVERNOIS



Is'rael, [Heb. ^Nll?'; Gr. 'lapa^A,] a name often given
by the inspired writers to the patriarch Jacob, whose
descendants are called Israelites. (See JACOB.)
Israeli See DISRAELI.

Is'raels, (JosEF,) a Dutch genre painter of eminence,
born at Groningen in 1824. His brother, LEHMAN
ISRAELS, born in Groningen in 1833, became a journalist
of New York, and was for some years one of the editors
of the New York " World."

Is'selt, van, (MICHAEL,) a Dutch historian and Cath-
olic priest, born at Dokkum, adhered to the Spanish
party in the civil war. He wrote " Historia Belli Colo-
niensis," (1584,) and other works. Died in 1597.

Is'ter, [Gr. 'lorpof,] a Greek historian and poet, livec!
about 250 B.C., and was a friend or pupil of Callimachus.
He wrote a history entitled Arroca, and other works,
none of which are extant.

Isthvanfi, Isht'vin-fee, [Lat. ISTHVAN'FIUS,] (NICHO-
LAS,) a Hungarian noble, born about 1535, was rewarded
for his services by the office of Vice-Palatine of Hungary.
He wrote, in Latin, a " History of Hungary from 1490 to
>6o6," (1622.) Died in 1615.
Istria, DUKE OF.- See BESSIERES.
laturiz, de, dits-too-reth', (Don FRANCISCO XAVIER,)
a Spanish politician, born at Cadiz in 1790. He pro-
moted the revolution of January, 1820, was elected to
the Cortes in 1822, and became a leader of the Liberal
or democratic party. He was minister of foreign affairs
for a few months m 1836, and was driven into exile by
an hnevtf. Having returned in 1837, he was chosen
president of the Cortes in 1839. He negotiated the
marriage of the queen Isabel, (1846,) was sent as minister
to England in 1850, and to Russia in 1857. He became
president of the council in February, 1862. Died 1871.
Iswara, ees'wa-ra, or Ishwara, eesh'wa-ra, written
also Igwara, one of the thousand names of Siva, though
sometimes applied to other Hindoo deities. He is by
some writers identified with the Osiris of the Egyptians.
It'a-lus, [Gr. 'IroAoc; Fr. ITALE, e'tfl',] an ancient
king of Italy, from whom that country is supposed to have
derived its name. He married Electra, a daughter of
Latinus. He is considered as fabulous by some authors.
Itard, e'tiR', (JEAN MARIE GASPARD,) a French phy-
sician, born at Oraison in 1775, removed to Paris about
1796, and practised with success. In 1799 he was ap-
pointed physician to the Institution for Deaf-Mutes, which
position he filled for many years. He wrote a "Treatise
on Diseases of the Ear," (2 vols., 1821.) Died in 1838.
Ito, (HiROBUMi,) COUNT, a Japanese statesman,
born in the province of Choshu in 1840. He visited,
\\liile young, Europe and the United States, became
active in efforts to modernize Japan, and held various
offices in the Japanese cabinet, becoming premier in
1886. His sweeping reforms leading to a reaction,
he retired in 1888, but was premier again 1892-95.
He was the father of the Japanese constitution promul-
gated in 1889. In 1894 he took command of the
Japanese naval forces in the war with China, and gained
an important victory over the Chinese fleet on Sep-
tember 7. He subsequently aided in the capture of
Port Arthur, and in January, 1895, Wei-hai-wei and
the Chinese fleet were surrendered to him. In Octo-
ber, 1900, he again accepted the premiership.

Ittenbach, it'ten-baK'. (FRANZ,) a German painter,
born at Konigswinter in 1813. He was one of the best
of the Dusseldorf school, and was chiefly known for his
religious pictures. Died December I, 1879.

Ittig, it'tic, [Lat. ITTIG'IUS,] (THOMAS,) a German
theologian, born in 1643 at Leipsic, where he became
professor of divinity. He wrote numerous works, among
which are one " On the Heresiarchs of the Apostolic
Age," (1690,) and "Bibliotheca Patrum Apostolicorum
Grzco-Latina," (2 vols., 1699.) Died in 1710.

Iturbide, e-tooR'be-Di, (Don AUGUSTIN,) Emperor
of Mexico, born at Valladolid (Mexico) in 1784, (one ac-
count says 1790.) He fought against the insurgents in the
war of independence which began in 1810, and rose to
the rank of general. About the end of 1821 he became
the master-spirit of a successful plot for the liberation
of Mexico from the Spanish rule. He was proclaimed



-mperor in May, 1822 ; but his power was resisted by a
large party in the Congress and by many generals, who
preferred a republic. Finding his position untenable,
ic abdicated, and was banished in May, 1823. In Julv,
1824, he returned almost alone, and, just after he landed,
was arrested and shot as a traitor.

See M. J. QUIN, "Memoirs of Iturbide," and French version of
the same, by J. T. PARISOT, 1824.

lule. See IULUS.

I-u'lus, [Gr. 'lou/loc; Fr. IULE, e'u'l',] a son of ^Eneas.
[See ASCANIUS.)

Ivan or Iwan (e-van') I., a Russian prince, who began
to reign in Moscow at the death of his brother George,
in 1328, and was tributary to the Tartars. His dominions
consisted of Vladimir, Moscow, and Novogorod. His
reign was peaceful, and lasted twenty-two years.

His grandson, Ivan H., son of Simeon, born in 1325,
was recognized by the Tartars as heir to the throne in
1353. The events of his short reign were unimportant.
In his last illness he took, according to usage, the mon-
astic vows, and died in 1358.

See KARAMZIN. " Histoire de Russie."

Ivan III., (Vasilievitch,) son cf Basil IV., ascended
the Russian throne in 1462, and is sometimes styled
IVAN I., CZAR OF MUSCOVY. He liberated his realm
from the tribute which the Tartars had exacted by right
of conquest from his predecessors, and is regarded as
the founder of the empire. About 1475 ne defeated, in
several actions, the Tartar chief Ahmed, (or Akhmet,)
and extended his dominions by the conquest of various
princes. He embellished Moscow, the capital, with fine
edifices, and patronized the industrial arts. In 1486 he
assumed the title of "Sovereign of all the Russias." He
died in 1505, aged sixty-six, and was succeeded by his
son Basil.

See HKBBRSTBIN, " Rerum Moscovitfcarum Corumentarii," 1549.

Ivan IV., or Ivan Vasilievitch H., surnamed THE
TERRIBLE, grandson of the preceding, inherited the
throne at the death of Basil, his father, in 1533, when
he was four years of age. He assumed the titles of Czar
and Autocrat about the age of fifteen. He conquered
Kazan and Astrachan from the Tartars, and waged wai
against Sweden and Poland without decisive results.
Siberia was discovered and partially subdued in his
reign. About 1582 the first printing-press was estab-
lished by him in Russia. He displayed energy and
ability in promoting civilization, but is charged with
excessive cruelty in the exercise of his unrestrained
power. Died in 1584.

See ODERBORN, " Joannis Basilidis Vita," i6co; HEIDENSTEIN,
"De Bello Moscovitico," 1600; S. CIAMPI, " Esame critico con
Document! inediti della Storia di Iran Wasiliewitsch," 1827.

Ivan V., (Alexievitch,) born in 1666, was the heir
of the Russian crown at the death of his brother Feodor
III. in 1682 ; but on account of his imbecility his younger
brother Peter (the Great) was proclaimed in his stead.
Ivan was permitted to retain the title of Czar, but had
no ambition to rule. Died in 1696.

Ivan VI, sometimes styled IVAN III., born in 1740,
was the son of Anthony Ulric of Brunswick and Anne of
Russia, (niece of the empress Anne.) The latter, at her
death in 1740, appointed the infant Ivan her successor;
but Elizabeth, daughter of Peter the Great, obtained
the imperial power. Ivan was confined in prison, where,
it is said, he was killed in 1764, when Mirovitch made
a rash attempt to raise him to the throne.

See E. MAUVILLON, " Histoire de la Vie et du Regne d'Iwan_VI,"
1766: " Geschichte von dem Leben und Regierung Ivans III., Kaiser
von Russland," 1766; " Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Ivanot e-va'nof, [written in German, IWANOW,]
(FEODOR,) a Russian dramatist, born in 1777, served in
the army, and wrote, besides several successful comedies,
a tragedy called "Martha." Died in 1816.

Ivara. See JUVARA.

Ivernois, d', de'veR'nwa', (FRANgois,) a Swiss politi-
cal writer, born at Geneva in 1757, represented his native
city at the Congress of Vienna in 1814. He wrote a
" History of the Revolutions of Geneva in the Eighteenth
Century," (3 vols., 1791,) and other works. Died in 1843.

See "NouvelJe Biographic Ge'ne'rale."



as k; 5 as t; g hard; g as>; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as t; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.)



IVERSEN



1358



JABLONOWSKI



Iversen, ee'ver-sen, (CHRISTIAN,) a Danish writer,
born at Copenhagen in 1748, published, among other
works, the " Literary Progress of Denmark," (4 vols.,
1781-89.) Died in 1827.

I'ver-spn, (ALFRED,) a Democratic politician, born
in Burke county, Georgia, in 1798, was elected to Con-
gress in 1847, succeeded \V. C. Dawson as United States
Senator from Georgia in 1855, and was a prominent
advocate of disunion. He became a Confederate briga-
dier in 1862. Died March 4, 1873.

Ives, Ivz, (EDWARD,) an English surgeon, who went
with Admiral Watson to the East Indies in 1754, and
published a valuable account of his voyage and of the
operations of the English army in 1755, 1756, and 1757.
Died about 1780.

Ives, Ivz, (ELI,) an American physician, born at New
Haven, Connecticut, in 1779. He was professor of medi-
cine at Yale College about twenty years. Died in 1861.
Ives, (JOHN,) F.R.S., an English antiquary, born at
Yarmouth in 1751, was educated at Cambridge. He
published " Remarks on the Garianonum of the Romans,"
and other antiquarian treatises. Died in 1776.

Ives, (LEVi SILLIMAN,) a theologian, born in Meriden,
Connecticut, in 1797. He became an Episcopal clergy-
man about 1824, and Bishop of North Carolina in 1831.
In 1852 he joined the Roman Catholic Church. He
wrote, besides other works, "The Trials of a Mind in
its Progress to Catholicism," (1854.) Died Oct. 13, 1867.
Ivea or Yves, [modern Fr. pron. ev,] written also
I'vo, (SAINT,) a French theologian, born in 1035, became
Bishop of Chartres. Died in 1115.
Iveteaux. See DBS YVETEAUX.
Iv'i-mey, (JOSEPH,) an English Baptist minister, born
at Ringwood, Hants, May 22, 1773. He was ordained
in 1805. He published a "Life of Bunyan," and a
valued " History of the English Baptists." Died Feb-
ruary 8, 1834.
Ivo. See IVES, SAINT.

I'vo-ry, (JAMES,) F.R.S., an eminent British mathe
matician, born at Dundee in 1765. After he left college,
he engaged in teaching and other pursuits. In 1804 he
obtained the chair of mathematics in the Royal Military
College, Marlow, which he retained about fifteen years.
He contributed numerous able papers on physical as-
tronomy and mathematics to the " Transactions" of the
Royal Society. He was a corresponding member of the
Institute of France and of other foreign Academies. In
1831 he received the Guelphic order of knighthood and
a pension of ^300. Died in 1842.

S CHAMBERS, "Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scots-
men," (Supplement.)

Iwakura, (TOMOMI.) See TOMOMI IWAKURA.

Iwan. See IVAN.

Ix-I'on, [Gr. 'I^uv,] a fabulous king of the Lapithae
The poets feigned that after he had committed a murder
Jupiter purified him and invited him to his table. Ixior
attempted to seduce Juno, but embraced a cloud insteac
of that goddess. To punish him for this crime, he was
chained to a fiery wheel which revolved perpetually
He was the father of the Centaurs.

See VIRGIL, "GeorpicV book iv. 484.

Ixtlilxoohitl, ikst-lel-iio-cheetl', .' (FERNANDO DE
ALVA,) a Mexican historian, born at Tezcuco about 1568



was a descendant of the royal family of Tezcuro. He
wrote "Historia Chichimeca," and other chronicles on
Mexican history. The first-named work has been trans-
ated into French by Ternaux-Compans. Died about
648.

See PRESCOTT, " History of the Conquest of Mexico," ToL i.
iook i.

Izaacke, I'zak, ? (RICHARD,) an English antiquary,
)orn at Exeter in 1624; died in 1700.

Iz'ard, (GEORGE,) a general, born in South Carolina
n 1777. He became a colonel in 1812, served in the
war that ensued, and was raised to the rank of major-
'eneral. Died in 1828.

Izard, (RALPH,) a Senator, born in South Carolina in
1742, settled in London in 1771. Having returned to the
United States in 1780, he was chosen a member of Con-



tion. Died in 1804.

See his " Life and Correspondence," by his daughter, 1844.

Izdubar, iz-doo-bar', a half-mythical, or perhaps en-
tirely mythical, king of Babylonia, the hero of the
"Twelve Legends of Izdubar," translated in 1872 by
Mr. George Smith from the cuneiform records. Mr.
Smith believed Izdubar to be a historical personage;
others think him purely mythical. He appears in the
egends as a giant, a mighty hunter, and a great con-
queror. In later records he is treated as one of the
;ods of the country.

Iziaslaf or Isiaslav (e-ze-as-UP) I, written also
Isiaslaw, (DMITRI or DEMETRIUS,) Grand Duke of
Russia, succeeded his father, Yaroslaf, in 1054. His
reign was disturbed by wars with his brothers and other
princes, among whom Russia was divided. He was killed
in battle in 1078, and left the throne to his son.

Iziaslaf or Isiaslav H, Grand Prince of Russia, was
the son of Mstislaf. He began to reign in 1 146, as suc-
cessor to Igor II., whom he defeated in battle. He was
thrice driven from his throne, but as often recovered it.
He died in 1154.

Iziaslaf or Isiaslav TTT, surnamed DAVIDOVITCH,
son of David, became Grand Prince of Russia in 1157.
He was killed in battle about 1161.

Iziocalt, e-se-o-kalt', King of the Mexicans, ascended
the throne in 1433, and is called the founder of the
Mexican empire. He formed a code of laws, which was
adopted by several adjacent nations. Died in 1445.

Izmaflof, is-ma'e-lof, (ALEXANDER,) a Russian fabu-
list, born at Moscow in 1779. He became a resident of
Saint Petersburg, and edited several reviews or journals.
He published a volume of fables, (1804,) which are highly
commended. Died in 1831.

See GRETCH, " History of Russian Literature," 1819-22.

Izmaflof, (VLADIMIR VASILIEVITCH,) a Russian writer,
born at Moscow in 1773. He wrote "Travels in
Southern Russia," (1802,) and translated some works of
Rousseau and Chateaubriand.

Izquierdo de Ribera, eth-ke-eVdo da re-Ba'ra, (Don
EUGENIO,) a Spanish diplomatist, born at Saragossa,
He was sent to Paris as plenipotentiary in 1806, and
negotiated a treaty for the partition of Portugal. Died
in 1813.



J.



Jaafar, Jafar, Djafar, or Giafar, jl'a-far or jl'far
surnamed SADIK, an eminent Mussulman doctor of
Medina; died in 764 A.D.

Jaafar, Jafar, Jafer, Djafar, or Giafar, a Barmecide,
who became the favourite of Haroun-al-Raschid, and
to whom, it is said, the Caliph gave his own sister Ab-
basa in marriage, on condition that the intercourse of the
married pair should be strictly Platonic. Abbasa having
borne a son to Jaafar, Haroun, in his rage, mercilessly
destroyed both father and son. (See BARMECIDES.)

Jaafar-Ibn-Tofail See ABOO-BEKR-IBN-TOFAIL.



Jabet, zht'b&', (GEORGE,) an English solicitor, ol Bir-
mingham. He wrote under the name of EDEN WAR-
WICK. He published "The Poet's Pleasaunce," (1847,'
" Nosology," (1848,) etc. Died July 13, 1873.

Jablochkoff, (PAUL,) a Russian electrician, who
first solved the problem of producing a practical arc
light. Died in 1894.

Jablonowski, (STANISLAUS,) a Polish general,
born in 1631, commanded the right wing of the army
of Sobieski when he defeated the Turks at Vienna in



a, e, I, o, u, y, long ; i, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, jf, short; a, ?, j, Q, obscure; fir, fil I, fat; met; n8t; good; moon.



JABLONOWSKI



1359



JACKSON



1683. He afterwards had the chief command during
the illness of the king. Died in 1702.

Jablonowski, von, fon ya-blo-nov'skee, (JOSEPH
ALEXANDER,) a Polish or German prince, born in 1711,
was a patron of science. He founded at Leipsic a sci-
entific association which bears his name, and wrote,
besides other works, "Museum Polonicum," (1752.)
Died in 1777.

Jablonski, yj-blon'skee, (DANIEL ERNST,) an emi-
nent German Protestant theologian, born at Dantzic in
1660. He became pastor at Konigsberg in 1690, and
preacher or chaplain to the king at Berlin in 1693. He
published a Hebrew Bible, with notes and a preface,
(1699,) and wrote several works on theology. He la-
boured to effect a union of various Protestant sects.
Ditd in Berlin in 1741.

Jablonski or Jablonsky, (JOHANN THEODOR,) a
brother of Daniel Ernst, noticed above, was born at
Dantzic about 1654. He published a "French-German
and German-French Dictionary," (1711.) Died in 1731.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 27 of 425)