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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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for February, 1812; " Westminster Review" for June, 1840.

Romme, rom, (CHARLES,) a French geometer, born
at Riom about 1744. He wrote several useful works on
navigation, etc. Died in 1805.

Rpmme, (GILBERT,) a brother of the preceding, born
at Riom in 1750, was a Jacobin and an active member
of the Convention. Having been condemned to death
by the Thermidoriens, he killed himself in 1795.

Rommel, rom'mel, (DIETRICH CHRISTOPH,) a Ger-
man historian, born at Cassel in 1781, became in 1815
professor of history at Marburg. He wrote a " History
of Hesse since the Peace of Westphalia," (1853.) Died
in 1859.

Rom'ney, (GEORGE,) an eminent English historical
and portrait painter, was born at Dalton, in Lancashire,
in December, 1734. In his youth he worked in the shop
of his father, a cabinet-maker. He married Mary Ab-
bot in 1756. After he had studied and practised paint-
ing at Kendal for five years, he settled in London in 1762,
but left his wife and children in the country, where they
remained neglected while he was prosperous and famous.
He obtained rapid success in his profession, and became
the rival of Reynolds. He passed about two years
(1773-75) in visits to several cities of Italy. At Rome
he painted a " Wood Nymph," which was greatly ad-
mired. He gradually raised his price for a portrait to
thirty-five guineas for a head and sixty guineas for a
whole-length. Among his works are "Milton and his
Daughters," " Nature unveiling herself to Shakspeare,"
and portraits of Cowper the poet, Warren Hastings,
Lord Chatham, and William Pitt. About 1798 he was
compelled to desist from work by ill health and nervous
dejection. He removed in 1799 to Kendal, where he
was nursed by his patient and forgiving wife until he
died, in November, 1802.

See HAYLEY, " Life of G. Romney," 1809 ; J. ROMNBY, (his
on,) "Memoirs of the Life and Works of G. Romney," 1830;
ALLAN CUNNINGHAM, "Lives of British Painters."


Rom'u-lus, called also QuI-ri'nus, the founder of
Rome, a semi-fabulous personage, supposed to have
lived about 750 B.C. According to tradition, Romulus
and Remus were the twin sons of Mars and Rhea Silvia,
who was a daughter of Numitor, King of Alba. Amu-
lius dethroned Numitor and ordered the young twins to
be exposed to destruction ; but they were suckled by a
wolf and educated by Faustulus, a shepherd of the king.
After they were grown up and informed of the secret of
their birth, they killed Amulius, restored Numitor, and
founded the city of Rome. Remus was punished with
death by Romulus for jumping, in derision, over the wall
of the new city, and Romulus became the first and sole
king of Rome, the population of which was increased
by exiles, outlaws, and fugitive slaves invited from ad-
jacent states. The deficiency of wives was remedied
by the abduction of Sabine maidens who assembled at
Rome as spectators of a public festival. The Sabines
waged war against Rome on this account, but peace was
restored by the mediation of the Sabine wives, and the
Romans and Sabines were united into one state, which
Romulus and the Sabine Tatius rulec 1 jointly. Romulus

reigned about thirty-seven years, and, after death, was
worshiDped under the name of Quirinus. According
to tradition, he disappeared mysteriously during a thun-
der-storm which occurred as he was reviewing his army
in the Campus Martius, and the opinion prevailed thai
he was carried up to heaven.

" Discours sur Romulus," 1666; PLUTARCH, "Life of Romulus-' 1
J. GRONOVIUS, " Oratio de Origine Rorauli," 1684.

Romulus AuguatuIuB. See AUGUSTULUS.

Ronalds, (Sir FRANCIS,) F.R.S., an English inventor,
born in London, February 21, 1788. His inventions in
connection with the electric telegraph earned him the
honour of knighthood. Died August 8, 1873.

Roncaglia, ron-kil'ya, (CONSTANTINO,) an Italian
writer on theology, etc., born at Lucca in 1677 ; died
in 1737.

Roncalli, ron-kil'lee, ( CRISTOFORO,) called POMK-
RANCIO or POMARANCIO, an excellent painter of the
Florentine school, born at Pomerance in 1552, was a
pupil of N. Circignani. He worked at Rome, Genoa,
etc., and painted the cupola of the church of Loretto.
Died at Rome in 1626.

Rondani, ron-da'nee, (FRANCESCO MARIA,) an Ital-
ian painter, born at Parma about 1490, was a pupil of
Correggio. Died about 1548.

Rondel, du, dii rAN'dgl', (JACQUES,) a French phi-
losopher, born about 1630, was professor of Greek at
Sedan from 1664 to 1681. He published a "Life of
Epicurus," (1679,) and other works. Bayle, who was
his friend, calls him (under the article "Epicurus") a
good poet and a good Greek scholar. Died at Maestricht
in 1715.

See HAAG, "La France protestante."

Rondelet, rANd'lJ' or rdN'd?h-l&', (GUILLAUME,) a
French naturalist, born at Montpellier in 1507. He
practised medicine and lectured in that city. He pub-
lished a treatise " On Sea- Fish," (" De Piscibus marinis,"
1554,) and several medical works. Died in 1566.

See NICBRON, " Me'moires :" SAINTE-MARTHB, "FJoges;"
' Biographic Me"dicalt"

Rondelet, (JEAN,) a French architect, born in Lyons
in 1734, or, as some say, in 1743. He was a pupil of
Sournot, and became in 1781 his successor as architect
of the Panthe'on, or church of SaintoGenevieve, at Paris.
He built the dome of this edifice. He published an
important treatise on architecture, " Traite de 1'Art de
Batir," (5 vols., 1802-17,) which is called a classical
work. Died in Paris in 1829.

See VAUDOYKR, "Discours sur la Tombe de J. Rondelet," 1829.

Rondet, ron'dj', (LAURENT STIENNE, ) a French
writer on religion and morality, born in Paris in 1717;
died in 1785.

Rondot, r6N'do', (NATALIS,) a French economist and
editor, born at Saint-Quentin in 1821.

Ronge, rong'eh, (JOHANNES,) a celebrated reformer
among the Catholics, born in Silesia in 1813. He was
ordained a Catholic priest in 1.840 ; but he was soon
after suspended for his heretical opinions, and in 1844
published a letter denouncing the exhibition of the
"holy coat," which Arnold!, Bishop of Treves, had just
proclaimed. Although excommunicated by the chapter
of Breslau, Ronge rapidly gained adherents, and in
1845 a German Catholic Church, independent of that of
Rome, was founded. In the revolution of 1848 he took
refuge in England, and many of the new societies were
suppressed. Died October 27, 1887.

See "Vindication of J. Ronge," translated from the German by
ROBERT TAYLOR, 1845; EDUARD DULLER, " J. Ronge und die freie
Kirche," 1849; "Autobiography of J. Ronge," translated from the
German by JOHN LORD, London, 1846 ; " Westminster Review" for
December, 1845, (article " German Theology.")

Roune or Roenne, von, fon ron'neh, (Lunwic
MORITZ PETER,) a German jurist, born in Holstein in
1804. He became about 1843 a judge or councillor in
Berlin. He published "The Political Law of the Prus-
sian Monarchy," (1856-63,) and "The Constitutional
Law of the German Empire," (1876-77.) Died in 1891.

Ronsard, de, deh r6N'sjR', (PIERRE,) an eminent
French poet, born in the Vendomois in 1524. He learned
to speak English, German, and Italian, and was instructed
in Greek by Dorat and Turnebe. He wrote odes, epi-

e as k 9 as s; %hard;'^asj: G. H, TH, guttural ; N, nasal: u. trilled; sas z; th as \nthis.

Explanations, p. 23.




grams, hymns, eclogues, etc., and was considered the
most popular poet of his time. Malherbe and Boi-
leau, however, did not appreciate him highly. Ronsard
conceived the idea of grouping seven French poets,
including himself, into a constellation called the Pltiadt.
The other six were his imitators. Died in 1585.

Rontgen, von, (WILHELM KONRAD,) a German
physicist, born at Lennep, Prussia, in 1845. He
studied at Zurich, and was professor of physics at
Strasburg, Giessen, and (after 1885) at Wiirzburg.
In 1895 he made the signal discovery of the X-ray,
usually called the Rontgen ray, a peculiar form of
light which can pass through the human body and re-
veal the presence of any opaque extraneous substance
and the true condition and position of the bones; it is
therefore of inestimable value in surgery.

Ron'tho, (MATTHEW,) a monk and Latin poet, born
in Greece, translated Dante's " Divina Commedia" into
Latin verse. Died at Sienna in 1443.

Roo'da-kee, Rudaki, or Rudagi, roo'da-kee, an
eminent Persian poet, who lived in the reign of Nasr,
(about 940 A.D.) He was blind from his birth, but wrote
splendid lyrics, some of which are extant Roodakee

Roos, (THEODOR,) a German painter, born at Wesel
in 1638, was a brother of Johann Heinrich, noticed above.
He painted portraits and landscapes. Died in 1698.


Roose, ro'zeh, (THEODOR GEORG AUGUST,) a Ger-
man medical writer, born at Brunswick in 1771. He
published "Principles of Legal Medicine," (1802,) and
other works. Died in 1803.

Roose'velt, (THEODORE,) an American official
and soldier, was born at New York, October 27, 1858,
and graduated at Harvard in 1880. He became a
member of the New York Assembly in 1882, ran on
the Republican ticket for mayor of New York city in
1886, served as civil service commissioner 1889-95,
and was president of the New York police board 1895-
97. He was assistant secretary of the navy 1897-98,
resigning to take part in the war in Cuba as lieutenant-
colonel and subsequently colonel of the First United
States Cavalry Volunteers, usually known as the Rough
Riders. He became the popular hero of the war. In

1899 he was elected Governor of New York, and in

1900 was elected Vice-President of the United States,
rote several works of hunting adventure, history,


seems to have drawn largely upon the literature and folk- an< ^ biography.
lore of India for his materials. Roostam, Roostem, Roostum, Rustem, or Rus-

Roodtseus,r6t'se-us, QAN ALBERT,) a Dutch portrait- tiala - rs'tem, written also Roustem, Roustam, and
painter, born at Hoorn in 1615 or 1617 ; died in 1674. Rostam, the most illustrious of Persian heroes, is sup-

Rooke, rook, (Sir GEORGE,) an English admiral, born posed to have lived about 600 years B.C. He was the
near Canterbury in 1650. He obtained the rank of son ( tne celebrated warrior Zal or Zalzer and an Indian
post-captain about 1680, and that nf vice-admira! of the ! princess named Rudaba. The exploits of Roostam form
blue in 1692. In this year he burnt ten or more French i tne favourite theme of the Persian poets and romance-
ships at La Hogue. He was appointed "vice-admiral writers; and it is difficult to determine what is historical

and lieutenant of the admiralty" by Queen Anne in 1702.
Sir George Rooke and Sir Cloudesley Shovel captured
Gibraltar in July, 1704. He commanded the combined
English and Dutch fleets in the war of the Spanish
succession, which began about 1702. Died in 1709.

Roome, room, (EDWARD,) an English lawyer and
satirist. He offended Pope by a satire entitled "Pas-
quin," and wrote " The Jovial Crew," a drama. Died
in 1729.

Roomofski. Roumovsky, or Rumowsky, roo-
mofskee, (STEPHEN,) a Russian astronomer, born in

and what is fiction in the accounts of him which have
come down to us. Sir William Jones says, " Rostam
was certainly a commander under Cyrus, [the Great.]"
Roostam forms the most prominent figure in Firdousee'8
great epic, the "Sh5h NSmeh," or "Book of Kings."

See "A Short History of Persia" in volume v. of SIR W. JONES'S
Works ; J. ATKINSON, " Abridgment ofthe Shah Nameh of Firdausi,"
London, 1832: "Memoirs of Celebrated Characters," by LAMAH-
TINK, 1856.

Roostam- (Roustam- or Rustam-) Pasha, roos'-
tam pa'sha', an able and unscrupulous Turkish minister

Vladimir in 1734. He became professor of astronomy ! of fi state ' b cam ? e r * nd vizier undcr flyman the Mag-
at Saint Petersburg in 1763, and vice-president of the | mfi ^ ent> wh ^igned from 1520 to 1566.
Academy of Sciences in 1800. He published severe
mathematical works, and translated the " Annals" of
Tacitus into Russian, (1808.) Died about 1814.

ROOD, von, fon ron, (ALBRECHT THEODOR EMIL,) a
Prussian general and writer, born at Kolberg about 1803.
He became a major-general in 1856, and minister of war
in 1859. He rendered important services by the re-
organization of the army. The Prussian Chambers in
1866 voted 1,500,000 thalers as a national recompense to
six men, among whom was Von Roon. He published
treatises on geography and ethnology. Died in 1879.

Roorda van Eysinga, roR'di vin i'sing-a, (PiETER
THEODORE,) a Dutch Orientalist, born at Leeuwarden
about 1 790. He published, besides other works, a Dutch-
Javanese Dictionary, (1855.) Die d in '860.

Roore, de, den ro'reh, (JACOB,) a Flemish painter,
born at Antwerp in 1686, was a pupil of Van OpstaL
Among his works are "The Capitol besieged by Bren-
nus," and "The History of Pandora." Died in 1747.

Roos, ros, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) a celebrated German
painter of landscapes and animals, and a skilful engraver,
Dorn at Otterndorf in 1631. Both his prints and painting!
command high prices. Died at Frankfort in 1685.

Roos, (JOHANN MELCHIOR,) a painter of landscapes
and animals, born at Frankfort in 1659, was a son of the
preceding. He was not equal to his brother Philip Peter.
Died in 1731.

Roos, (PHILIP PETER,) surnamed ROSA DA TIVOLI, a

Root, (ELIHU,) an American lawyer, was born at
Clinton, New York, in 1845. He studied law, was
United States district attorney for the southern district
of New York 1883-85, and succeeded Alger as secre-
tary of war in the McKinley cabinet in 1899.

Root, (GEORGE FREDERICK,) an American song-
writer, born at Sheffield, Massachusetts, in 1820. He
was the author of many popular songs, as " Rosalie,
the Prairie Flower," " Hazel Dell," " Tramp, Tramp,
Tramp," etc. Died in 1895.

Ropes, (JOHN CODMAN,) an American historian,
was born at St. Petersburg, Russia, in 1836. He
wrote several works on the military history of the
United States and of France under Napoleon, and
had just published vol. ii. of his "Story of the Civil
War" at his death, October 28, 1899.

Roque, SAINT. See ROCH.

Roque, de la, deh It rok, (ANTOINE,) a French lit-
tlrateur, bom at Marseilles in 1672, edited the " Mercure
de France" from 1721 until 1744. Died in 1744.

Roque, de la, (GiLLES ANDRE,) a French genealogist,
born near Caen about 1598. Among his works is a
valuable "Treatise on the Nobility," ("Traiti de la
Noblesse," 1678.) Died in 1686.

Roque, de la, (JEAN,) a French traveller, born ai
Marseilles in 1661, was a brother of Antoine, noticed
above. He published several books of travels in Arabia,
Palestine, and Syria, (1716, 1717, 1722.) Died in 1745.

Roquelaure, de, deh rok'loR', (ANTOINE,) BARON,

skilful painter of animals and landscapes, born at Frank-
fort about 1655, was a son of Johann Heinrich, noticed

above. He worked many years at Tivoli : hence his sur- . ... , ,

name. He painted with great facility. His touch is said \ a French marshal, born in 1544, was a constant adherent
to be broad and mellow. Among his works are many ; of Henry IV. He was in the carriage with that king
pastoral landscapes. His backgrounds and skies are when the latter was killed, (1610.) Died in 1625.
admirable for fidelity to nature. Died at Rome in 1705. SeeMojtiRi,"DictionnaireHistorique;"L 1 EsToiut, "Journal."

a, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; 1, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; mgt; not; good; moon;




Roqueplan, rok'plflu', (CAMILLS JOSEPH ETIENNE,
an eminent French painter of landscapes and genre, born
at Marlemort in 1802, was a pupil of Gros and Abel de
Pujol. He obtained a medal of the first class in 1828
Many of his works are illustrative of Rousseau's "Con
fessions" and Sir Walter Scott's Novels. Died in

Roqueplan, (Louis VICTOR NESTOR,) a litHrateur
a brother of the preceding, was born at Marlemort in
1804. He became editon of the " Figaro" about 1827
and was director of the Opera of Paris from 1847 to
1854. Died in 1870.

Roques, rok, (PIERRE,) a French Protestant writer
born at La Caune in 1685. He became pastor of a church
at B41e in 1710, and published, besides other works, " The
Evangelical Pastor," (1723,) and a new edition of Moron's
"Dictionary," (6 vols., 1731.) Died in 1748.

See FREY, "Vie de Pierre Roques," 1784.

Roquette, de, deh ro'keV, (GABRIEL,) a French
ecclesiastic, born at Toulouse in 1623, became Bishop
of Autun in 1666. He was notorious as the prototype
of Moliere's "Tartufle." Died in 1707.

Rorario, ro-rj're-o, [Lat. RORA'RIUS,] (GlROLAMO,;
an Italian ecclesiastic and writer, born at Pordenone ir
1485. He wrote a curious treatise " That Brutes often
reason better than Man," ("Quod Animalia bruta saepe
Ratione utantur melius Homine," 1648.) Died in

Korarius. See RORARIO.

Rosa, ro'si, (CRISTOFORO,) a painter of the Venetian
school, born at Brescia. He excelled in perspective,
and painted the architecture in some works of Titian.
Died in 1576.

Rosa, (PlETRO,) a son of the preceding, was a favour
Ite pupil of Titian. He was a good colorist. He died
young, in 1576.

Rosa, (SALVATOR,) [Anglicized in pronunciation as
sal-vi'tor ro'za,] a famous Italian painter of history,
landscapes, and battles, was born at Arenella, near
Naples, on the 2Oth of June, 1615. He received lessons
in art from F. Francanzani, his brother-in-law, and was
a diligent student of nature. About 1635 he went to
Rome, where he worked and attained a high reputation.
In 1647 he took part in the revolt at Naples, and fought
for Masaniello. After the final defeat of the insurgents,
Salvator escaped to Florence, where he was patronized
by the grand duke. He was partial to wild, romantic,
and desolate scenery. His imagination was morbid,
gloomy, and extravagant After he had worked at
Florence for several years, he returned to Rome, where
he exhibited some pictures in 1663. He produced at
Rome his " Conspiracy of Catiline," which is accounted
his master-piece. He made for himself enemies at
Rome by his poetical satires. Died in March, 1673.
" Salvator possessed real genius," says Ruskin, " but
was crushed by misery in his youth. ... In heart
disdainful, in temper adventurous, conscious of power,
impatient of labour, ... he fled to the Calabrian hills,
seeking not knowledge, but freedom. . . He had not
the sacred sense, the sense of colour : aJ the loveliest
hues of the Calabrian air were invisible to Lim. He
saw only what was gross and terrible. ... I see in him,
notwithstanding his baseness, the last traces of spiritual
life in the art of Europe."

Ro'sa, SAINT, known as SAINT ROSE OF LIMA,, a
Peruvian religious, born in Lima in 1586. Her parents
named her ISABEL. Having lost their property, her family
were sustained by her labours as a servant. She after-
wards became a Dominican tertiary and recluse. She
died August 24, 1617, and was canonized in 1671.

Rosa da Tivoli See Roos, (PHILIP PETER.)

Rosa, de la, (F. MARTINEZ.) See MARTINEZ.

Rosalba Camera, ro-sil'ba kar-re-a'ra, a famous
Italian portrait-painter, often called simply ROSALBA, was
born at or near Venice about 1674. She is said to have

been the most excellent artist of her time in the use of
the crayon or pastel. Her Madonnas were much ad-
mired. She visited Paris in 1 720, and obtained there great
success. About 1746 she became blind. Died in 1757.

Rosamel, de, deh ro'st'mel', (CLAUDE CHARLES
MARIE Ducampe dii'koNp',) a French admiral, born
at Trencq in 1774. He was minister of marine from
September, 1836, to March, 1839. Died in 1848.

Ros'a-mond, [Fr. ROSEMONDE, roz'mdNd', or ROSA-
MONDE, Vo'zt'moNd',] often called THE FAIR ROSAMOND,
was a daughter of Walter, Lord Clifford. She became a
favourite of Henry II. of England, and mother of twi
sons, William Longsword, and Jeffery, Archbishop ol
York. Died in 1177.

Rosapina, ro-sa-pee'na. or Rosaspina, ro-sl-spee'-
na, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian engraver, born at Bologna
about 1 762. Among his chief works is "La Pinacoteca,"
a series of seventy-two engravings of the finest pictures
of the gallery of Bologna. Died in 1841.

Rosas, de, da ro'sis, (JUAN MANUEL Ortiz OR-
teth',) a South American dictator, born in Buenos Ayres
in 1793. He lived as a Gaucho in his youth, and was an
active partisan of the Federals in the civil war against
the Unitarians. In 1829 he was elected Governor of
the Argentine Republic, or Buenos Ayres. He became
dictator in 1835. By some writers he is represented
as a monster of cruelty. His administration, however,
was beneficial in respect to trade and finance. He was
defeated in battle by an army under General Urquiza
in February, 1852, after which he lived in exile. Died
March 14, 1877.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Rosati, ro-sa'tee, (JOSEPH,) D.D., a bishop, born at
Sara, Italy, January 30, 1789. He became a Lazarist
priest at Rome. In 1816 he was sent to the United
States, and became a professor in the theological school
at " the Barrens," (or Saint Mary's,) Missouri, and was
afterwards the superior of the Lazarists of Missouri. In
1824 he was consecrated Bishop of Tanagra, and in 1827
was made Bishop of Saint Louis, the first of that name.
Died in Rome, September 25, 1843.

Roscelin, roslaN', written also Ruzelin, [Lat Ros-
CELI'NUS or ROSCELLI'NUS,] a famous French theologian
and schoolman, born at or near Compiegne. He was a
Nominalist, and was for some time regarded as the
inventor of Nominalism. In 1092 he was condemned
as a heretic by a council at Soissons. Died about 1122.

See B. HAUR^AU, " De la Philosophic scolastique ;" CHLADHN,
"De Vita et Hsresi Roscelini," 1756.

Roscelinus or Roscellinus. See ROSCELIN.

Roscher, rosh'er, (WlLHELM,) a German political
economist, born at Hanover in 1817. He became pro-
r essor of political science, etc. at Leipsic in 1848. He
published "System der Volkswirthschaft," (1854-86,)

Politik," (1892,) etc. Died in 1894.

Roschid, (or Roschd,) Ibn. See AVERROES.

Roschlaub or Roeschlaub, rosh'lowp, (ANDREAS,)
a German medical writer, born in 1768 ; died in 1835.

Roscius, rosh'ejjs, (QuiNTUS,) a celebrated Roman
actor, was born near Lanuvium. He amassed a large
r ortune by his performance on the stage. His name
was so proverbial for excellence that Garrick was styled
'the British Roscius." An oration which Cicero pro-
nounced for Roscius in a civil suit is extant Died
about 60 B.C.

Ros'coe, (HENRY,) an English lawyer and writer,

born in 1800, was a son of the historian. He wrote

a " Life of William Roscoe," (1833,) and "The Lives of

minent British Lawyers," in Lardner's "Cyclopaedia."

Died in 1836.

Roscoe, (Sir HENRY ENFIELD,) an English chemist,
ion of Henry Roscoe, (q. v.,) was born in London, January
7, 1833. He studied at University College, London, and
fraduated at London University in 1852, studying after-
wards at Heidelberg with Bunsen. In 1857 he was made
irofessor of chemistry in Owens College, Manchester,
le was one of the founders of Victoria University. He
s the author of several treatises on chemistry, and ot
many scientific papers. He was knighted in 1884.

Roscoe, (JAMES,) an English poet and lawyer, born

eas k; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal; R. trilled; s as z: th as in this. (Qgjf^See Explanations, p. 23.!




about 1791. He resided at Knutsford, Cheshire, for
nearly fifty years. He contributed to " Blackwood's
Magazine" and other periodicals. Died in May, 1864.

Roscoe, (ROBERT,) a barrister, a brother of Henry,
noticed above, was born about 1790. He wrote poems
of some merit Died in 1850.

Roacoe, (THOMAS,) an English author and translator,
a brother of the preceding, was born about 1790. He
produced several poems and tales, a " Tour in the Isle
of Wight," and other illustrated works, and translated
Sismondi"s "Literature of Southern Europe," Silvio
Pellico's "Memoirs," etc. Died September 24, 1871.

Hoscoe, (WILLIAM,) an eminent English historian
and poet, born at or near Liverpool on the 8th of March,
1753. He practised as an attorney in his early life, and
married Miss Griffiths in 1781. He wrote several parj-
phlets against the slave-trade, and a poem on the same
subject His reputation is chiefly founded on his " Life
of Lorenzo de' Medici, called the Magnificent," (2 vols.,
1796,) which was very successful and was translated into
French, German, and Italian. He retired from business
as an attorney about 1800, became partner in a banking-
house, and purchased an estate in land. In 1805 he pub-

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 270 of 425)