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lished an interesting and popular work, " The Life and
Pontificate of Leo X." He became a Whig member of
Parliament (for Liverpool) in 1806. He was the prin-
cipal founder of the Royal Institution of Liverpool.
In 1816 the banking-house with which he was connected
failed, and he was under the necessity of parting with
his magnificent library. He died in June, 1831, leaving
four sons, noticed in this work. As a historian, Roscoe
has been censured by some critics for a too great indul-
gence shown to the character of Leo X. and to the vices
of his court, and particularly for his defence of Lucretia
Borgia. (See, on this subject, the "Edinburgh Review"
for January, 1806 ; also Dr. Hoefer's article on ALEX-
ANDRE VI, in the " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne'rale.")

See HENRY ROSCOB, " Life of William Roscoe," 2 vols.. 1833 ;
"Lives of Distinguished Northerns," by HARTLEY COLERIDGE;
ALLIBONK, "Dictionary of Authors:" "Edinburgh Review" for
July, 1833; " Fraser's Magazine" for December, 1832, (with a
portraiL)

Roscoe, (W. S.,) an English poet, born in 1781, was
a son of the preceding. He was author of a volume of
poems. Died in 1843.

Ros-com'mpn, (\VENTWORTH DILLON,) EARL OF,
an English poet, born in Ireland about 1633, was the son
of James Dillon, third Earl of Roscommon, and a Ro-
man Catholic. His mother was a sister of the famous
Earl of Strafford. When the latter was impeached, young
Dillon was sent to study at Caen, under Bochart He
returned to England about 1660, became master of the
horse to the Duchess of York, and married Frances, a
daughter of the Earl of Burlington. He wrote odes,
prologues, epilogues, and an "Essay on Translated
Verse," (1680.) He also translated Horace's "Art of
Poetry" into blank verse, (1680.) Died in 1684.

See JOHNSON, " Lives of the English Poets."

Rose, (GEORGE,) a British politician, born at Brechin,
Scotland, in 1744, was noted for business talents and
practical sagacity. He was secretary of the treasury
from 1782 to 1801, and was a constant adherent of Mr.
Pitt, who in 1804 appointed him joint paymaster-general
of the forces. In 1807 he became treasurer of the navy.
He was a grandfather of General Sir Hugh Henry Rose.
Died in 1818.

See "Diaries and Correspondence of George Rose," 3 Tola.,
1860; CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen "
"Edinburgh Review" for July, 1860.

Rose, (GEORGE,) an English humourist, (better known
under his assumed name of ARTHUR SKETCHLEY,) born
in London in 1817. He entered holy orders, but became
a Romanist at about the same time as Newman, and
was for five years tutor to the Duke of Norfolk. His
humorous works, embodying the opinions and advsntures
of one " Mrs. Brown," were very successful ; he also
wrote a number of plays. Died November n, 1882.

Rose, roz, [Lat. Ross/e'us,] (GUILLAUME,) a French
prelate, notorious for his factious violence, was born at
Chaumont about 1 542. He was a partisan of the League
gainst Henry III. and Henry IV. Died in 1602.



Rose, ro'zeh, ( GUSTAV, ) a distinguished German
mineralogist, a brother of Heinrich, noticed below, was
born at Berlin in 1798. He became (1822) keeper of
the mineral collection and professor of mineralogy (1839)
at Berlin. He wrote "Elements of Crystallography,'
and contributed the geognostic and mineralogical part
to the " Journey to the Ural and Altai Mountains,"
etc., which he made with Humboldt and Ehrenberg
in 1829. Died at Berlin, July 15, 1873.

Rose, (HEINRICH,) son of Valentin the Younger, born
at Berlin in 1795, was a pupil of Berzelius at Stockholm.
He became, after his return, professor of chemistry in
his native city, in 1835. His principal work, entitled
"Manual of Analytical Chemistry," (2 vols., 1851,) has
been translated into several languages. As a practical
analyst in the department of inorganic chemistry he was
highly distinguished. He discovered in 1844 the sub-
stance called Niobium. He died January 27, 1864.

Rose, (HENRY JOHN,) an English divine, brother of
Hugh James Rose, was born at Uckfield in 1801. He
graduated at Saint John's College, Cambridge, in 1821,
was principal editor of the "Encyclopaedia Metropoli-
tana" and of " Rose's Biographical Dictionary," and
published "The Law of Moses," (the Hulsean Lecture
for 1833,) a " History of the Christian Church," (1858,)
and a translation of Neander's " Church History." Died
at Bedford, January 31, 1873.

Rose, (Sir HUGH HENRY,) an able British general,
born, in 1803. His father, Sir George H. Rose, was
British minister at Berlin. He commanded a division
in India, (1857-60,) and contributed to the suppression
of the mutiny of the Sepoys. In 1866 he was raised to
the peerage, as Baron Strathnairn. Died Oct 16, 1885.

Rose, (HUGH JAMES,) an English divine, born at
Little Horsted, Surrey, in 1795. He graduated at
Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1817, and in 1836 be-
came principal of King's College, London. He was
prominent as a tractarian preacher and author and as a
Greek scholar. Died in Florence, Italy, December 22,
1838.

Rose, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French priest and writer on
morals, born in Franche-Comt^ in 1714; died in 1805.

Rose, (VALENTIN,) THE ELDER, a German pharma-
cist, born at Neu-Ruppin in 1735, was assessor of the
medical college at Berlin. Died in 1771.

Rose, (VALENTIN,) THE YOUNGER, a son of the
preceding, was born at Berlin in 1762. He studied
chemistry under Klaproth, and was author of several
useful chemical treatises. Died in 1807.

Rose, (WILLIAM STEWART,) a Scottish poet, scholar,
and translator, born in 1775, was a friend of Sir Walter
Scott He was the author of a " Naval History of the
Late War," (1802,) and translated " Amadis de Gaul"
from the French, and the "Orlando Innamorato" (1823)
and " Orlando Furioso" (1823-31) from the Italian. Thes
translations are highly commended. Died in 1843.

Rosebery, roz'ber-e, (ARCHIBALD PHILIP Prim
rose,) EARL OF, a British nobleman, born in London,
May 7, 1847. He was educated at Eton, and at Christ
Church, Oxford, and succeeded to his titles in 1868. In
1878 he married Hannah, only daughter of Baron Meyer
de Rothschild. He became prominent as a friend of
education, and as a leading liberal in the House of Lords.
In 1885 he was appointed lord privy seal in Gladstone's
cabinet. He was secretary for foreign affairs in 1886,
and again in 189294, and was prime minister, as
successor to Gladstone, 1894-95. He resigned the
Liberal leadership in 1896.

Rosecrans, roz'krans, (SYLVESTER H.,) an American
bishop, a brother of General W. S. Rosecrans, was born
at Homer, Ohio, February 5, 1827. He studied at
Kenyon College, but became a Roman Catholic, and in
1846 graduated at Saint John's College, Fordham, New
York. He studied five years at the Propaganda in Rome.
In 1852 he was ordained a priest, and became an editor
and theological professor in Cincinnati. In 1862 he was
consecrated titular Bishop of Pompeiopolis and made
auxiliary Bishop of Cincinnati, and in 1868 he was trans-
lated to the see of Columbus. Died October 21, 1878.

Rosecrans, roz'krans, (WILLIAM STARK,) an Ameri-
can general, born at Kingston, Delaware county, Ohio, in



i e, 1, 5, u, y, /tfK^va, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, fi, y, short; a,e, i, <),ohsrurc; far, fill, fat;m?t; not ;gdod; moon;



ROSEINGKAVE



2085



ROSIER



September, 1819. He was edurated at West Point, where
he graduated in 1842. He was employed as engineer
until 18154, when he resigned his place in the army.
In the summer of 1861 he was appointed a brigadier-
general and sent to Western Virginia. He defeated the
insurgents at Rich Mountain in July, 1861, after which
he commanded in West Virginia for several months. He
obtained command of the army of the Mississippi in
June, 1862, and gained a decisive victory at Corinth
(October 4) over Van Dorn and Price. He commanded
the Union army at the great battle of Stone River, near
Murfreesboro', which ended on the zd of January, 1863.
General Bragg retreated by night, leaving Rosecrans
master of the field. The Union loss was 1533 killed
and 7245 wounded. General Rosecrans in June moved
his army southeastward in pursuit of Bragg, who retired
into Georgia, and the Union army occupied Chattanooga
about the gth of September. Bragg, having been rein-
forced, turned back and attacked Rosecrans on the igth
and 2Oth of September at Chickamauga. This battle
was disastrous to the Union army, which retreated to
Chattanooga. Rosecrans was relieved from the com-
mand about the 2Oth of October, 1863, and was appointed
commander of the district of Missouri in January, 1864.
He was minister to Mexico for a short time, 1868-69, then
resided in California, sat in Congress, 1881-85, was reg-
ister of the treasury, 1885-93, and was retired from the
army, 1889, with the rank of brigadier-general. D. 1898.

Roseingrave, ro'zin-grav, ? (THOMAS,) an Irish mu-
sician, went to Rome to study in 1710. He became
organist of the church of Saint George, London, in 1725.
Died in 1750.

Rosel or Roesel, ro'zel, (AUGUST JOHANN,) a Ger-
man painter and naturalist, born near Arnstadt in 1705.
He received the title of VON ROSENHOP. He published
a periodical on insects, with good figures, (4 vols., 1746
-61.) Died in 1759.

Roselli, ro-sel'lee, or RosselU, (CosiMO,) an emi-
nent Florentine painter, born at Florence in 1439. He
painted frescos in the Sistine Chapel at Rome, which
gained the prize offered by the pope, when among his
competitors were Perugino and Ghirlandaio. He suc-
ceeded by a profuse use of gold and ultramarine,
although he was inferior to his competitors. Dird
after 1506.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters:" LANZI, " History of Paint-
ing in Italy;" BALDINUCCI, "Notizie."

Roaelli or Rosselli, (MATTEO,) an Italian painter,
born at Florence in 1578, was a pupil of Pagani. He
opened at Florence a school, in which several able artists
were formed. Died in 1650.

Rosellini, ros'el-lee'nee or ro-se'1-lee'nee, (!PPOLITO,)
CAVALIERE, an eminent Italian antiquary and writer on
Egyptian antiquities, born in August, 1800. He became
professor of Oriental languages at Pisa in 1824. In 1827
he was commissioned by the Grand Duke of Tuscany to
explore the monuments of Egypt, assisted by six com-
panions, some of whom were artists. He co-operated
with Champollion, who at the same time was sent to
Egypt by the French government. They returned in
1830, and, Champollion having died in 1832, the results
of their researches were published by Rosellini in a
capital work entitled " The Monuments of Egypt and
Nubia Explained and Illustrated," ("I Monumenti dell'
Egitto e della Nubia," etc., 10 vols., 1832-40.) He
obtained the chair of universal history at Pisa in 1840.
Died in June, 1843.

Sec BARDHLLI, " Biografia del Professore I. Rosellini," 1843:
G. DEI, " Biografia del Professore I. Rosellini," 1843 : C. CAVEDONI,
" Biografia d'l. Roselliui," 1845.

Rosemonde. See ROSAMOND.

Rosen, ro'zen, (FRIEDRICH AUGUST,) a celebrated
German Orientalist and philologist, born at Hanover
on the 2d of September, 1805. He was educated at the
University of Leipsic and that of Berlin, the latter of
which he entered in 1824. He gave special attention
to Sanscrit and the Semitic languages, and published an
important work entitled "Sanscrit Roots," ("Radices
Sanscritse," 1827.) In 1828 he became professor of
Oriental languages in the University of London, since
called University College. He was appointed secretary



to the Oriental Translation Committee, and in the latter
part of his life was professor of Sanscrit in the college
above named. He wrote the articles relating to Oriental
literature for the "Penny Cyclopaedia." Among his
numerous publications is " Rig-Vedae Specimen," (1830,)
and a valuable fragment of the "Rig- Veda," "Sanhita
Liber primus, Sanscrite et Latine." (1838, unfinished.)
He died prematurely in September, 1837.

See " Biographic Universelle," (new edition.)

Rosen, (GEORG,) a German Orientalist, born at
Detmold in 1821 ; died October 29, 1891.

Rosen, ro'zen, (NiKOLAUS,) a Swedish medical writer,
born near Gothenburg in 1706. He was ennobled in
1762, and his name was then changed to ROSENSTEIN.
Died in 1773.

Rosen, von, fon ro'zen, (GEORGE,) BARON, a Russian
poet, born in Saint Petersburg about 1805, was an inti-
mate friend of Pooshkin. He produced, besides other
poems, "Ivan the Terrible," (1833,) and "BasmanoV
(1836.) Died in 1860.

Roseublut, ro'zen-bloot', (HANS,) sometimes called
ROSENER, a German poet and dramatic writer of the
fifteenth century.

Rosenhof, von. See ROSEL.

Rosenkranz, ro'zen-kRants', (JOHANN KARL FRIED-
RICH,) professor of philosophy at Konigsberg, was born
at Magdeburg in 1805. He published a number of
works in favour of Hegel's philosophy. Among his
works is a " General History of Poetry," (3 vols., 1833,)
and a "Life of Hegel," (1844.) Died June 13, 1879.

Rosenmiiller, ro'zen -m8Tler, ( ERNST FRIEDRICH
KARL,) an eminent German Orientalist, born near Hild-
burghausen in 1768. He studied at Leipsic, where he
became in 1813 professor of Oriental literature. He
was the author of " Scholia on the Old Testament,"
(" Scholia in Vetus Testamentum," 23 vols., 1788-1835,)
" Manual for the Literature of Biblical Criticism and
Exegesis," (4 vols., 1797-1800,) " Institutes of the Arabic
Language," (i 81 8,) and " Manual of Biblical Antiquities."
(4 vols., 1823.) Died at Leipsic in 1835.

See " Biographic Universelle," (new edition.)

Rosenmiiller, JOHANN CHRISTIAN,) a distinguished
anatomist, a brother of the preceding, was born at Hess-
berg in 1771. He became professor of anatomy and
surgery at Leipsic, and prosector at the Anatomical
Theatre. He published several anatomical and scientific
works. Died in 1820.

Rosenmuller, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German Prot-
estant theologian and pulpit orator, born at Ummer-
sta'dt in 1736, was the father of the preceding. He
became successively professor of theology at Erlangen,
at Giessen, and at Leipsic. He published " Scholia in
Novum Testamentum," (6 vols., 1777-1807,) and a " His-
tory of the Interpretation of the Sacred Books in the
Christian Church from the Age of the Apostles to the
Restoration of Letters," (in Latin, 5 vols., 1795-1814;)
also several religious treatises in German. Died at
Leipsic in 1815.

See CHR. DOLZ, "J. G. Rosenmiiller's Leben," 1816; "Biogra-
phic Universelle."

Rosenstein. See ROSEN, (NIKOLAUS.)

Kosenthal, ro'zen-tiT, (FRIEDRICH CHRISTIAN,) a
German anatomist and writer, born at Greifswalde in
1779. He published several professional works. Died
in 1829.

Rosenthal, (MORIZ,) an Austrian pianist, born at
Lemberg in 1862. He studied under Joseffy and
Liszt, and had a triumphant career alike in Europe
and America.

Rosettd. See ROSSETTI.

Rosetti, ro-set'tee, (CONSTANTINE,) a poet, born at
Bucharest (Wallachia) about 1816. A liberal in politics,
he was exiled about 1848, but returned and became min-
ister of public instruction in 1861. In 1876 he became
President of the Chamber of Deputies, and forced Rou-
mania to ally herself with Russia against Turkey. Was
minister of the interior from 1878 to 1880. Died in 1885.

Roshd, (or Roshed,) Ibn. See AVERROES.

Rosier, ro'ze^i', (JOSEPH BERNARD,) a French dra-
matic author, born in Paris in 1804, wrote a comedy called
" Le Mari de ma Femme," (1830,) etc. Died in 1880.



*; casj; ^hard; gas;; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasinMu. (J^^See Explanations, p. 23.)



ROSIN



2086



jtoss



Rosin. See ROSINUS.

Rosini, ro-see'nee, ( CARLO MARIA, ) an Italian
trchseologist and bishop, born at Naples in 1748. He
deciphered and published some manuscripts of Hercu-
laneum, and wrote other works. Died in 1836.

See PROSPERO DELLA ROSA, "Vita di C. M. Rosini," 1837.

Rosini, (GIOVANNI,) a distinguished Italian poet and
novelist, born at Lucignano, in Tuscany, in 1776. He
was professor of Italian literature at Pisa from 1803
until 1849. Among his numerous works are " Luisa
Strozzi," (4 vols., 1833,) "Torquato Tasso," a drama,
(1835,) and a "History of Italian Painting," (7 vols.,
1838-54.) He wrote an "Essay on the Life and Works
of Canova," (1825,) and published a good edition of
Tasso's works, (30 vols., 1820-30.) Died in 1855.

See POZZOLINI, "Vita di G. Rosini," 1855; ALFRED VON REU-
MONT, "G, Rosini's Leben," 1860; "Biographic Universelle ;"
" Foreign Quarterly Review" for August, 1829.

Ro-si'nus, [Ger. pron. ro-zee'nas ; Fr. ROSIN, ro'-
zaN',] (JoHANN,) a German antiquary, whose proper
name was ROSSFELD or ROSZFELD, was born at Eisenach
in 1551. He published a "Complete Body of Roman
Antiquities," ("Antiquitatum Romanorum Corpus abso-
lutissimum," 1583.) Died in 1626.

Roslin, ros-leen', (ALEXANDER,) a Swedish portrait-
painter, born at Malmo about 1718. He worked for
many years in Paris, where he obtained great success.
He was admitted into the French Academy of Art in
1753. Died at Paris in 1793.

Ros'mead, (HERCULES GEORGE ROBINSON,)
LORD, an English colonial governor, born in county
Westmeath, Ireland, in 1824. He became Governor
of Hong-Kong in 1859, New South Wales in 1872,
Ceylon in 1875, New Zealand in 1878, and Cape Colony
in 1880 and again in 1895. He retired in 1897. He
was made a knight in 1859, a baronet in 1890, and
raised to the peerage as Lord Rosmead in 1896. Died
in 1897.

Rosmini, de', da ros-mee'nee, (CARLO,) an Italian
biographer, born at Roveredo in 1758. He published,
besides other works, a "Life of Ovid," (1789,) a "Life
of Seneca," (1793,) a "Life of Victorino da Feltro," (4
vols., 1801,) and a "History of Milan," ("Storia di Mi-
lano," 4 vols., 1820.) His works are commended as
accurate and impartial. Died at Milan in 1827.

Rosmini-Serbati, ros-mee'nee s8R-ba'tee, (ANTO-
NIO,) an eminent Italian ecclesiastic and philosopher,
born at Roveredo, March 25, 1797. He produced " New
Essay on the Origin of Ideas," (" II nuovo Saggio
sull 'Origine delle Idee," 1830,) and propounded a new
system of philosophy. He wrote numerous other works,
on ethics, theology, education, etc. Died in 1855. (See
"The Philosophical System of Rosmini-Serbati," trans-
lated by Thomas Davidson, (1883,) with notes.)

Rosny, de, deh ro'ne', (LEON,) a French ethnog-
rapher and Orientalist, born at Loos, August 5, 1837.
Trained in the ficole des Langues Orientales, he became
professor of Japanese in the Imperial Library, and in
1863 was named interpreter to a Japanese embassy in
Europe. He has published many works on the Japanese
language, a " Dictionnaire des Signes ide'ographiques de
la Chine," (1864-67,) works on the Corean language, etc.

Rosny, de. See SULLY.

Rospigliosi. See CLEMENT IX.

Ross, (ALEXANDER,) a Scottish divine and writer,
born at Aberdeen in 1590. He was a zealous partisan
of Charles I. in the civil war, (1642-49.) Among his
numerous works are a " View of All Religions," and
"Virgilii Evangelizantis Christias," (1634.) Died in
1654.

ROBS, (ALEXANDER,) a Scottish poet and teacher,
born in Aberdeenshire in 1699. He wrote " Helenore,
or the Fortunate Shepherdess," (1768.) Died in 1784,

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Ross, (ALEXANDER MILTON,) M.D., a Canadian
naturalist, born at Belleville, Ontario, December 13,
1832. He served for a time in the United States army
as a surgeon during the war of 1861-65. He made
large collections of the birds, fishes, insects, and plants
of Canada, and wrote many works on natural history



and other subjects, including " Memoirs of a Re-
former," (1893.) Died in 1897.

Ross, (FREDERICK AUGUSTUS,) a Presbyterian min-
ister, born at Richmond, Virginia, in 1 706. He became
pastor of a church at Huntsville, Alabama, in 1855, and
published " Slavery ordained of God," (1857.) D. 1883.

Ross, (GEORGE,) an American patriot and signer of
the Declaration of Independence, was born at New Cas-
1 tie, Delaware, in 1730. He was a member of Congress
from 1774 until 1777. He was appointed in 1779 a judge
of the court of admiralty for the State of Pennsylvania,
and died the same year.

Ross, (Sir JAMES CLARK,) ADMIRAL, F.R.S., an emi-
nent English Arctic navigator, born in London in April,
1800. He served his uncle, Sir John Ross, as midship-
man in his first voyage in search of a Northwest Passage,
(1818.) Between 1819 and 1825 he made three voyages
under Captain E. Parry. He took a prominent part in
Sir John Ross's second voyage, (1829-33,) and was
raised to the rank of post-captain in 1834. In 1839 he
was appointed commander of an expedition sent with
two vessels, the Erebus and Terror, to explore the Ant-
arctic regions with special reference to the science of
magnetism. He reached the seventy-eighth degree of
south latitude, and discovered an ice-bound continent,
to which he gave the name of Victoria Land, and the
coast of which his party traced for seven hundred miles.
After a highly successful voyage of four years, he arrived
at England in September, 1843. He published a " Voy-
age of Discovery and Research in the Southern and
Antarctic Regions," etc., (2 vols., 1847.) He was raised
to the rank of rear-admiral in 1856. Died in 1862.

See WILLIAM JERDAN, "Men I have known," London, 1866;
"Edinburgh Review" for March, 1819, and July. 1835 ; " Quarterly
Review" tor January, 1819, July, 1835, and June, 1847; "North
British Review" for November, 1847.

Ross, (Sir JOHN,) REAR-ADMIRAL, a famous Arctic
navigator, born at Balsarroch, (county of Wigton,) Scot-
land, in 1777, was an uncle of the preceding. He served
as an officer in several naval actions against the French
and Spaniards between 1800 and 1814. In 1818 he was
appointed commander of the first expedition sent to
search for a Northwest Passage. Lieutenant Parry was
the second in command. He passed through Baffin's
Bay to Lancaster Sound, where he imagined he saw
a barrier of mountains interposed, and he returned
home in the same year. (See PARRY, CAPTAIN.) In
1829 he renewed the enterprise in the Victory, entered
Prince Regent Inlet, and was frozen up in the Gulf of
Boothia in October, 1829. His party passed about four
years of privation and peril in the Arctic seas, and
abandoned the Victory in 1832. Captain Ross dis-
covered in 1831 a point which he believed to be the
Northern Magnetic Pole. He and his party returned
by boats to Lancaster Sound, where they were rescued
by a whaling-vessel, and arrived home in September,
1833. He published in 1835 a narrative of his second
voyage. Died in 1856.

Ross, written also Rouse and Rows, (JOHN,) known
as "the Antiquary of Warwick," wrote " History of the
Kings of England," (in Latin, 1716.) Died in 1491.

Ross, (JOHN,) Bishop of Exeter, an English writer,
born in Herefordshire. He edited Cicero's " Familiar
Letters," ("Epistolse Familiares," 1749.) Died in 1792.

Ross, (JOHN,) [called Koo'wes-koo'we in the
Cherokee language,] a noted half-breed Indian, and
head chief of the Cherokees, was born in Georgia about
1790; died at Washington in 1866.

Ross, ross, (LuDWiG,) a German antiquary, born in
Holstein in 1806, became in 1837 professor of archse
ology in the Otto University at Athens, and subsequently
filled the same chair at Halle. Died August 6, 1859.

Ross, (WILLIAM,) a Gaelic poet, born at Broadford,
Isle of Skye, in 1762; died at Gairloch in 1790. His,
poems were published in 1834. He is known as " the
Highland Bums."

Ross, (Sir WILLIAM CHARLES.) R.A., a popular
English miniature-painter, born in London in June,
1794, was a nephew of Anker Smith, the engraver. In
the early part of his career he painted history and por-
traits. He excelled in miniature, and became in this
department the most fashionable artist of his time. In



d, e, I, 5, u, y, long; a, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; met; n&t; good; moon;



JfOSS



2087



ROSSf



1837 he was appointed miniature-painter to the queen.
He gained a prize of ^100 for a picture of " The Angel
Raohael discoursing with Adam," (1843.) Died in 1860.

Ross, (WILLIAM STEWART,) a Scottish poet, born at
Kirkbean, Galloway, March 20, 1844. He was educated
at the University of Glasgow. Besides many text-books
for schools, he has written tales and romances and some
volumes of poetry. In 1872 he became a publisher in
London.

Rossaeus. See ROSE, (GUILLAUME.)

Ross-Church, (FLORENCE MARRY AT,) a daughter of
Captain Frederick Marryat, (q. v.,) was born at Brighton,
July 9, 1837. In 1872 she became editor of " London
Society." She married Colonel Ross-Church and
afterwards Colonel Francis Lean. Among her numer-
ous books, chiefly novels, are "Too Good for Him,"


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 271 of 425)