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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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(1865,) "Her Lord and Master," (1870,) "Tom
Tiddler's Ground," (1886,) " How Like a Woman!"
(1892,) "The Hampstead Mystery," (1894,) etc.
"There is no Death," (1891,) and several other
works deal with the subject of spiritualism. She died
October 27, 1899.

Rosse, ross, (WILLIAM PARSONS,) third EARL OF, an
eminent English practical astronomer, born in June, 1800,
was educated at the University of Oxford. He became
a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1831, and succeeded
his father in the peerage in 1841. He acquired a wide
reputation by the construction of a telescope which was
finished about 1844 and is unrivalled in dimensions and
space-penetrating power, and by his discoveries in
sidereal or nebular astronomy. This telescope, which
has an aperture of six feet and a length of fifty-six feet,
is located near Parsonstown, Kings county, Ireland. He
was elected president of the Royal Society in 1849.
Died in October, 1867.

Rossel, de, deh ro'sSl', (ELISABETH PAULDOUARD,)
CHEVALIER, a French navigator, born at Sens in 1765.
He accompanied D'Entrecasteaux in his expedition in
search of La PeVouse, and succeeded to the chief com-
mand in 1794. He was taken prisoner by the English
in 1795, and released about 1802. In 1809 he published
the " Voyage of D'Entrecasteaox in Search of La P^-
rouse," (2 vols.,) containing a good treatise on nautical
astronomy. Died in 1829.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale.'*

Rosselli. See ROSELLI.

Rossellino, ros-sSl-lee'no, or Rossellini, ros-sSl-
lee'nee, (ANTONIO,) an able Italian sculptor, whose
family name was GAMBARELLI, was born at Florence
about 1427. Among his works are several statues of
the Madonna, Died in 1490.

Rossellino or Rossellini, (BERNARDO,) an architect
and sculptor, born at Florence in 1409, was a brother of
the preceding. He was patronized by Pope Nicholas
V., and designed or restored several churches of Rome.
Died about 1470.

Rpasetti, ros-set'tee, (CHRISTINA GEORGINA,) an
English contemporary poetess, sister of Dante Gabriel,
was born in 1830. She wrote "Goblin Market," (1862.)
"The Prince's Progress," (1866,) "Commonplace, and
other Short Stories in Prose," (1870,) "Sing-Son?, a
Nursery Rhyme-Book," (1872,) "Speaking Likenesses,"
(1874,) "Annus Domini," (1874,) "A Pageant, and other
Poems," (1881,) etc. Died December 29, 1894.

RoBsetti, (DANTE GABRIEL,) an English p'ainter and
poet, born in London about 1828, was a son of Gabriel
Rossetti. He was the leader of the movement called
Pre-Raphaelitism, an attempt to revive the style of Italian
painters who preceded Raphael. In 1862 he produced
"The Early Italian Poets, from Cuillo d'Alcamo to
Dante," a series of translations in the original metres,
reproduced in 1873 as "Dante and his Circle." He
published a volume of original poems in 1870, and
"Ballads, and other Poems," in 1881. Died April II,
1882.

Rossetti or Rosetti, (GABRIEL,) an Italian poet and
critic, born in 1783. He became professor of Italian in
King's College, London, and well known as a commen-
tator on Dante. Died in 1854.

Rossetti, (MARIA FRANCESCA,) an English teacher



and author, sister of Christina G. Rossetti, was born in
London, February 17, 1827. Her best-known work is
" A Shadow of Dante, being an Essay towards studying
Himself, his World, and his Pilgrimage," (1871.) Died
November 24, 1876.

Rossetti, (WILLIAM MICHAEL,) an English writer, a
son of Gabriel Rossetti, was born in London, September
25, 1829, and entered the English civil service. Among
his works are a " Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley," (2 vols ,
1869,) and a blank-verse translation of Dante's " In
ferno," besides several volumes of criticisms, biogra-
phies, etc. He is especially noteworthy as a critic, both
of literature and art. His wife LUCY, (1853-94,) a
daughter of the artist Ford Madox Brown, produced a
number of striking paintings.

Rosshirt, ros'hegRt, (KONRAD FRANZ,) a German
jurist and author of legal works, born at Bambergin 1793,
was professor of law at Heidelberg. Died June 5, 1873.

Rossi, ros'see, (ANTONIO,) an Italian painter, born
at Zpldo about the end of the fourteenth century. He
is said to have been the first master of Titian.

Rossi, (ANTONIO,) an Italian painter, born at Bologna
about 1700 ; died about 1750.

Rossi, (ERNESTO,) an Italian actor, born at Leg-
horn in 1829. He studied law, but adopted the stage
as a profession, and soon became famous as an actor.
He was the author of plays and " Reminiscences."
Died in 1896.

Rossi, (FRANCESCO.) See SALVIATI.

Rossi, (GIOVANNI ANTONIO,) an Italian architect,
born at Rome in 1616. Among his works are the
Palazzo Rinuccini, and the church of San Pantaleon,
Rome. Died in 1695.

Rossi, [Lat ERYTHR^'US,] (GIOVANNI VITTORIO,)
an Italian scholar, noted as a Latinist, was born at Rome
in 1577. Among his works is "Pinacotheca Imaginum
illustrium Virorum," (" Gallery of Portraits of Illustrious
Men," 1643-48.) Died in 1647.

See NIC^RON, "Me'moires;" TIRABOSCHI, "Storia della Lettera-
tura Italiana."

Rossi, (GiROLAMO,) an Italian historian, bom at
Ravenna in 1539. His Latin name was RUBEUS or
DE RUBEIS. He wrote, in Latin, a good " History of
Ravenna," (1572.) Died in 1607.

Rossi, ros'see, (JOHN CHARLES FELIX,) an English
sculptor, born at Nottingham in 1762, was of Italian
origin. He gained the gold medal at London in 1784,
after which he studied at Rome, and returned in 1788.
He became sculptor to William IV. His best workj
are monuments of Lord Cornwallis, Lord Heathfield,
Captain Riou, Captain Faulkner, and Lord Rodney, in
Saint Paul's Cathedral. Died in 1839.

Rossi, (LuiGl,) an Italian musician, born at Naples
about 1590. He composed cantatas, etc. Died after
1640.

Rossi, (OTTAVIO,) an Italian writer, born at Brescia
In 1570. Among his works is "Brescian Memoirs,"
("Memorie Bresciane," 1616.) Died in 1630.

Rossi, (PASQUALE.) See PASQUALINO.

Rossi, (PELLEGRINO LUIGI ODOARDO,) COUNT, an
Italian orator, minister of state, and writer on law, was
born at Carrara in 1787. As a partisan of the French
re'gime and of Murat, he was exiled in 1815. He became
professor of Roman law at Geneva in 1819, and estab-
lished his reputation as a jurist by his " Treatise on
Penal Law," (Paris, 3 vols., 1825.) In 1832 he was
appointed professor of political economy in the College
de France, Paris. He was nominated a peer of France
in 1839, and sent as ambassador to Rome in 1845. ^ n
September, 1848, he was appointed chief minister of
state by the pope. He was assassinated, November 15,
1848, by his political enemies.

Rossi, de', (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian archae-
ologist, born at Rome, February 23, 1822. His publica-
tions include " Inscriptiones Christianas Urbis Romas
Septimo Saeculo Antiquiores," (1861 etseg.,) and " Roma
sotteranea cristiana," (1866 et seg.,) both works of high
value. Died September 20, 1894.

Rossi, de', (GIOVANNI BERNARDO,) a/i Italian Ori-
entalist, born in Piedmont in 1742. Among his numerous



asi; asj; ghard; gasy';G, H, Y., guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: sass; thasinMtr. (JCjp = See Explanations, p. 23. )



ROSSI



2088



ROSTOPTCHIN



W3iks is " Various Readings of the Old Testament,"
(" Varia; Lectiones Veteris Testament!," 4 vols., 1784-
88.) He was for many years professor of Oriental
langaages at Parma. Died in 1831.

Rossi, de', (GIOVANNI GHERARDO,) an Italian writer
md antiquary, born in Rome in 1754. He displayed
Imagination, learning, and taste in numerous works,
among which are several comedies, a " Life of G. Pik-
ler," (1792,) and " Poetical and Pictorial Sports,"
(" Scherzi poetici e pittorici," 1 795.) Died in 1827.

See TIPALDO, "Biografia degli Italian! illustri."

Rossi, de', (PROPERZIA,) a skilful Italian sculptor and
musician, born at Bologna about 1490. Her master-
piece is a bas-relief of " Joseph rejecting the Overtures
of Potiphar's Wife." She made beautiful cameos of
peach-stones. Died in 1530.

Rossi, de', (Rosso.) See Rosso.

Rossignol, ro'sen'yol', (JEAN ANTOINE,) a French
Jacobin, bom in Paris in 1759. He obtained command
of an army sent against the Vendeans in 1793, but was
removed for incapacity in 1794. He was banished in
1801, and died on the African island of Anjouan in 1802.

Rossignol, (JEAN JOSEPH,) a French Jesuit and
writer, born in 1726. He wrote several scientific works.
Died at Turin in 1817.

Rossignol, (JEAN PIERRE,) a French scholar; born
at Sarlat about 1805. He became a member of the
Institute in 1853, and professor of Greek in the College
de France in 1855. He produced, besides other works,
"Virgile et Constantin le Grand," (1846,) and a Latin
poem called "Scholastic Life," ("Vita Scholastica,"
1836.) Died in 1893.

Rossini, ros-see'nee, (GiOACHlNO ANTONIO,) the
most celebrated composer of the present time, was born
at Pesaro, in the Papal States, on the 2gth of February,
1792. His father was a horn-blower, and his mother
an actress or singer, in an itinerant opera-company. He
received some instruction in music from Padre Mattei,
of Bologna ; but he formed his style chiefly by the study
of Mozart and Haydn. In 1812 he produced "The
Fortunate Deceit," ("L'Inganno felice,") and several
other operas. His first famous work was the opera of
"Tancredi," (1813,) which, performed first at Venice,
was received with great enthusiasm and announced the
advent of a new epoch in dramatic music. In 1815 he was
engaged for a term of seven years as musical director
of the theatre of San Carlo at Naples. He produced
many operas in rapid succession. In 1816 appeared
" The Barber of Seville," (" II Barbiere di Seviglia,")
which is perhaps the most popular of all his works, and
has been performed in many languages and in every
theatre of the civilized world. His "Mose in Egitto"
(1818) was performed with success. He married Made-
moiselle Colbran or Colbrand, a singer, about 1822,
wd left Italy in 1823. He was director of the Italian
Opera in Pans from 1824 to 1830. In 1829 he produced
the original and incomparable opera of " William Tell,"
which, says Dr. Hoefer, "was pronounced by all con-
noisseurs the most beautiful of all the works of Rossini."
It was also his last, except the "Stabat Mater," (1842.)
He resolved to compose no more, saying, "Another
success would add nothing to my celebrity, and a failure
might impair it" The revolution of 1830 deprived him
of the office of director or intendant-general in Paris,
for which his indolence rendered him incompetent In
1836 he returned to Italy, and resided for many years at
Bologna. After 1855 he lived in Paris, where he died
November 13, 1868.

See BEYLE, (or STENDAHL,) "Vie de Rossini," 2 vols., 1823,
and English version of the same, 1824; " Life of Rossini," by H. S.
EDWARDS, 1869; ADOLPHB ADAM, "Derniers Souvenirs d'un Musi-
tien,"i859; L. DE LOMBNIE, "M. Rossini, par un Homme de Rien,"
1842 ; FRTIS, " Biographic TJniverselle des Musiciens ;" DR. HOEFER,
article in the " Nouvelle Biographic G^nerale."

Ros'sl-ter, (THOMAS P.,) an American painter, born
at New Haven, Connecticut, September 29, 1818. He
studied much in Europe. His pictures were chiefly
scriptural and historical. Died at Cold Spring, New
York, May 17, 1871.

Roaslyn, EARL OF. See WEDDERBURN.

Ross'ljfn, (JAMES SAINT CLAIR ERSKINE,) EARL



OF, a general, born about 1762, was a son of Genera
Harry Erskine, and a nephew of A. Wedderburn, Earl
of Rosslyn. He became a major-general in 1798, and
lieutenant-general in 1805, after which he served in
Portugal, Holland, etc. He inherited the title of earl
in 1805. In 1829 he was appointed keeper of the
privy seal. He was president of the council in the
cabinet of Peel from December, 1834, to April, 1835.
Died in 1837.

Rossmassler or Rossmaessler, ross'missler
(EMIL ADOLF,) a German naturalist, born at Leipsic in
1806. He published " Iconography of the European Land
and Fresh- Water Mollusks," (with sixty plates, 1835.)
Died at Leipsic, April 8, 1867.

Rosso, del, del ros'so, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian archi-
tect, born in Rome in 1760, lived for many years in
Florence. He published many works on architecture-
Died in 1831.

Rosso, del, (PAOLO,) an Italian writer, born at Flor-
ence, was author of "Physics," ("La Fisica," 1578,) a
poem. Died in 1569.

Rosso, H, el ros'so, or del Rosso, del ros'so,
or Rossi, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an eminent Italian
painter, born at Florence in 1496, was called by the
French MAfTRE Roux. He studied the works of Mi-
chael Angelo. About 1535 he went to France. He was
patronized by Francis I., and adorned the palace of
Fontainebleau with his works. His style is remarkably
bold. Died in France in 1541.

S2 VASARI, "Lives of the Painters;" LANZI, "History of
Painting in Italy:" "Nouvelle Biographic Gine'rale."

Rossotto, ros-sot'to,(ANDREA,)an Italian biographer,
born at Mondovi in 1610, wrote " Index of Piedmontese
Writers," ("Syllabus Scriptorum Pedemontii," 1667.)
Died in 1667.

Host, rost, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM EHRENFRIED,) a
German philologist, born at Budissin in 1768. He
became rector of the " Thomasschule" at Leipsic, and
published several critical works on the Greek and Latin
classics. Died in 1835.

Rost, (JOHANN CHRISTOPH,) a German litttrateur,
born at Leipsic in 1717, published a number of tales,
poems, and satires. Died in 1761;.

Rost, (REINHOLD,) a German philologist, born at
Eisenberg, February 2, 1822. He was educated at Jena,
and in 1852 became professor of Oriental languages
in Saint Augustine's College at Canterbury, bur in 1869
was appointed librarian to the India Office. His writings
are mostly on the Asiatic languages. Died Feb. 7, 1896.

Rost, (VALENTIN CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) a (Jerraan
lexicographer, born near Gotha in 1790. Among his
principal works are a "Greek Grammar,'' a "Greek-
German Dictionary," and a " German-Greek Dictionary,"
(1832.) Died in 1862.

Rostan, ros'tflN', (Louis LftoN,) a French medical
writer, born at Saint-Maximin (Var) in 1790, became
professor of medicine in Paris in 1833. Died in 1866.

Rostgaard, de, deh rost'geRd or rost/gauR, (FRED-
ERIC,) a learned Danish writer, born at Kraagerup in
1671. He held several high civil offices. He published,
besides other works, " Beauties of the Danish Poets,"
'("Deliciae Poetarum Danorum," 2 vols., 1693.) Died
in 1 745.

See KRAFT og NVERDP, " Litteraturlericon."

Roatolan, de, deh fps'tolflN', ( Louis,) a French
general, born at Aix in 1791. He served in several
campaigns in Algeria, and distinguished himself at
the siege of Rome in 1849. Died in 1862.

Rostoptchin, ros-top-chen' or ros-top-cheen', written
also Rastopchin and Rostoptschin, (FEODOR VASI-
LIEVITCH,) COUNT, a Russian general, born in the
province of Orel in 1765. He was minister of foreign
affairs for a short time under Paul I. In May, 1812, he
was appointed governor of Moscow. According to the
French accounts, he was the author of the conflagration
of that city. He disclaimed his responsibility for that
event, and affirmed that it was burned partly by the
French and partly, perhaps, by some Russians acting
without orders. He was removed from the office of
governor in 1814. He published, besides other works,
" Memoirs of Count Rostoptchin, written in Ten Min-



I, e,f, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, J, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; met; not; good; mcSon



ROSWEIDE



2089



ROTTECK



ntes," (in French,) and "Truth about the Burning of
Moscow," (1823.) Died in 1826.

See GENERAL SCARROW, " Notice sur le Comte Rostoptchine,"
1834: GLINKA, "History of Russia," (in Russian:) " Nouvelle
Biographic G^n^rale."

Rosweide or Roaweyde, ros'wTdeh, (HERIBERT,)
a Dutch Jesuit, born at Utrecht in 1569. He wrote, be-
sides other works, " Lives of the Fathers," etc., (" Vitae
Patrum, sive Historia eremitica," 1615,) and planned
the " Acta Sanctorum," which was continued by Bolland
and others. Died in 1629.

See FOPPENS, " Bibliotheca Belgica."

Rosweyde. See ROSWEIDE.

Roswitha. See HROTSVITHA.

Roazfeld. See ROSINUS.

Rota, ro'tS, (BERNARDINO,) an Italian poet, born at
Haples in 1509. He wrote Latin elegies, Italian sonnets
in imitation of Petrarch, and eclogues of the sea, entitled
"Piscatorie," (1560.) Died in 1575.

See TIRABOSCHI, "Storia della Letteratura Italiana;" LONG-
FELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Rota, (MARTIN,) a skilful engraver and designer,
born at Sebenico, in Dalmatia, flourished between 1550
and 150-. He worked at Rome and Venice. He en-
graved some works of Titian and Raphael, and "The
Last Judgment," after Michael Angelo. Bryan says he
was born about 1540.

Rota, (ViNCENZO,) an Italian poet, born at Padua in
1703; died in 1785.

See F. FANZAGO, "Memorie intorno all'Abbate V. Rota," 1798.

Rotari, ro-ta'ree, (PIETRO,) COUNT, an Italian painter
of history and portraits, born at Verona in 1707. He
worked at Vienna, Dresden, and Saint Petersburg.
Died about 1762.

Rotembourg, ro'toN'booR', ( HENRI, ) BARON, a
French general, born at Phalsbourg in 1769. He served
with distinction at Lutzen, Bautzen, and Dresden, with
the rank of general of brigade, in 1812-13. D ' e ^ ' n }%S7-

Rotgans, rot'gans or rot'Hans, (LUCAS,) an eminent
Dutch poet, born at Amsterdam in 1645. He wrote
" The Life of William III.," in verse, and some other
poems. Died in 1710.

See CHALMOT, "Biographisch Woordenboek."

Roth, rot, (JoHANN RUDOLF,) a German naturalist,
born at Nuremberg in 1815, travelled in Syria and
Hindostan, and subsequently accompanied Harris's
expedition to Abyssinia. He contributed the botanical,
geological, and zoological portions to " The Highlands
of Ethiopia," published by Major Harris. He died in
Palestine in 1858, while on another journey to the East

Roth. (RUDOLF,) a German scholar, born in Stutt-
gart, April 3, 1821. In 1856 he became a Sanscrit
professor at Tubingen. Among his books are one on
the "Vedic Literature and History," (1846,) and the
great Sanscrit Dictionary (1853-75) prepared by him and
Bohtlingk in conjunction. Died June 23, 1895..

Roth'a-rls, King ot the Lombards, began to reign
in 636 A.D. He conquered Genoa and Liguria. Died
in 652.

Rothe, ro'teh, (RICHARD,) a German divine, born at
Posen, January 28, 1799. He held professorships at
Wittenberg, Bonn, and Heidelberg. His principal
works are " Die Anfange der christlichen Kirche,"
(1837,) "Theologische Ethik," (3 vols., 1845-48), and
"Zur Dogmatik," (1863.) Died at Heidelberg, August
2O, 1867.

Rothelin, de, deh rot'laN', (CHARLES D'ORLEANS,)
ABBE, a French antiquary, noted as a collector of medals
and manuscripts, born in Paris in 1691 ; died in 1744.

Rothenhamer. See ROTTENHAMMER.

Roth'er-am, (JOHN,) a minister of the Anglican
Church, was' born in Cumberland. He wrote several
religious works. Died in 1788.

Rotheram, (JOHN,) an English physician, wrote a
" Philosophical Inquiry into the Nature and Properties
of Water." Died in 1787.

Rotherham, roth'er-am, alias Scott, (THOMAS,)
Archbishop of York, was born in 1423. He became lord
chancellor of England in 1474. Died in 1500.

Roth'er-mel, (PETER F.,) an eminent American



painter, born in Luzerne county, Pennsylvania, in 1817.
Among his principal works are " De Soto discover-
ing the Mississippi," "Columbus before Isabella the
Catholic," " Christabel," and the " Christian Martyrs,"
finished in the early part of 1864, and exhibited at the
great Sanitary Fair held in Philadelphia in June and
July of that year. He was employed by the legislature
of Pennsylvania to paint a grand historical piece, the
" Battle of Gettysburg." Died August 15, 1895.

Roth'rock, (JOSEPH TRIMBLE,) an American
botanist, born at McVeytown, Pennsylvania, in 1839.
He became professor of botany in the University of
Pennsylvania in 1877, and later was made commis-
sioner of forestry for Pennsylvania. He published
many papers on the preservation of American forests.

Roth'say or Rothesay, (DAvro,) first DUKE OF,
born in 1378, was the eldest son of Robert III. of Scot-
land. He contracted profligate and disorderly habits.
His uncle the Duke of Albany procured from the aged
king an order for his confinement in prison, where he
died in 1402. It is supposed that he died of starvation.

Roth'say, DUKE OF, one of the titles of Prince Albert,
the heir-apparent to the throne of Great Britain.

Rothschild, ros'chlld, [Ger. pron. rot'sMlt,] (MAYER
(or MEYER) ANSELM,) a famous Jewish banker, and the
founder of the great monetary house of Rothschild, was
born at Frankfort in 1743. He commenced business on
a small scale as an exchange-broker, and acquired a
high reputation for probity. He died in 1812, leaving
five sons, ANSELM, who was born in 1773, settled at
Frankfort, and died in 1855 ; SOLOMON, who was born
in 1774, became banker at Vienna, and died in 1855;
NATHAN MAYER, (see separate article ;) CARL, who was
born in 1788, and died at Naples in 1855 ; and JAMES,
born in 1792, died in November, 1868. These brothers
operated as members of one firm.

Rothschild, (NATHAN MAYER or MEYER,) an emi-
nent financier and millionaire, born at Frankfort-on-the-
Main in 1777. He settled in London about 1800, and
after the death of his father was the head of the hous;
of Rothschild. He engaged in large financial opera-
tions, was very successful as negotiator of loans for
various European powers, and became the foremost
capitalist of the world. He died in 1836, and was
succeeded by his eldest son, LIONEL NATHAN, Baron de
Rothschild, born in 1808. Lionel was elected several
times a member of Parliament for London, but was not
admitted to a seat until 1858, because the oath adminis-
tered to members was such as a Jew could not take. He
died June 3, 1879.

See MICHAUD et VILLENAVK, " Histoire de Saint-Simonisme el
de la Famille de Rothschild," 1847.

Rotrou, de, deh ro'tRoo', (JEAN,) a popular French
dramatic poet, born at Dreux in 1609, is styled " the
founder of the French theatre." He produced numerous
successful tragedies and comedies, and was patronized
by Cardinal Richelieu. His tragedy of "Venceslas"
was highly commended by Voltaire. Among his other
works are "Cosroes" and "Antigone." He was a
friend of Corneille, who called Rotrou his master. Died
in 1650.

Rotteck, von, fon rot'tek, (KARL,) an eminent Ger-
man historian, statesman, and jurist, born at Freiburg
in 1775. He studied in his native town, where he
became in 1798 professor of history. In 1819 he repre-
sented his university in the first chamber of the States
of Baden, where he distinguished himself by his liberal
views and his eloquent advocacy of political reform.
Having excited the hostility of the conservative jarty,
he was forbidden by the government to edit any news-
paper for five years, and to lecture in the university.
The persecution to which he was exposed hastened his
death, which occurred in 1840. Rotteck's " Universal
History" (9 vols., 1827) is perhaps the most popular
work of the kind that has yet appeared, and in 1841
had reached fifteen editions. It was translated into the
principal languages of Europe, and a continuation, in
two volumes, was published by Hermes in 1841. Rot-
teck also wrote a number of valuable treatises on legal,
historical, and political subjects.

See MUNCH, "Carl von Rotteck geschfldert," etc 1831.



as ; c as s; g hard: g as /; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as t: th as in this.



xplanations, p. 2



Jf O TTENHAMMER



2090



ROULLIARD



Rottenhammer, rot'ten-ham'mer, written also Ro-
thenhamer, (JOHANN,) a celebrated German painter,
born at Munich in 1564. He studied for a time under
Tintoretto at Venice, and afterwards visited Rome,
where he produced several historical pieces of great
excellence. Among his master-pieces is " The Feast
of the Gods," painted for the emperor Rudolph II.
Died about 1620.

See NAGLER, "Allgemeines Ku'nstler-Lexikon."

Rottmann, rot'min, (KARL,) a distinguished Ger-
man landscape-painter, born near Heidelberg in 1798.
He adorned with frescos the arcades of the Hofgarten
at Munich, and painted several works for the Pina-
kothek. His " Field of Marathon" is much admired.
Died in 1850.

Rou, roo, (JEAN,) a French Protestant writer, born
in Paris in 1638, lived in England and Holland. He
became in 1689 secretary and interpreter to the States-
General. He published, besides other works, " Seduction
Avoided," (" La Seduction e'lude'e,") a series of letters
exchanged between Bossuet, on the one hand, and De
Vrillac and Rou on the other. Died in 1711. He left
"Mimoires," which were first published in 2 vols., 1857.

Roubaud, roo'bS', ( PIERRE JOSEPH ANDRE,) a
French writer on grammar and history, was born at


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 272 of 425)