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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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gallery of Dresden. Died in 1681.

Ruyter or Ruiter, de, deh ri'ter, [Dutch pron. deh
roi'ter,] (MICHAEL ADRIAANZOON,) a celebrated Dutch
admiral, born at Flushing in 1607. He obtained the
rank of rear-admiral in 1645, and fought an indecisive
battle against the English near Plymouth in 1652. In
1653 he distinguished himself in a great battle between
the Dutch, under Van Tromp, and the English, under
Blake. In the service of the King of Denmark he de-
feated the Swedes in 1659. He sailed up the Thames
in 1667 and destroyed the shipping at Sheerness. In
1671 he commanded a fleet which the combined fleets
of England and France were not able to defeat. He
was mortally wounded in a fight against the French
admiral Duquesne in the Mediterranean in 1675.

See G. BRANDT, "Leven en Bedrijf van M. van Ruiter," 1687:
OTTO KLOPP, " Leben und Thaten des Admirals de Ruiter," 1852;
LAST, "Leven van M. A. de Ruyter." 1842; "Life of M. A. de
Ruyter," London, 1687: BRAND, "Hulde aan den Admiraal de
Ruyter," 1827.

Ruyven, van, vSn roi'ven, (PETER,) a Dutch his
torical painter, born in 1650, was a pupil of Jordaens.
Died in 1718.

Ruzeea- (or Razia-) Begum, riiz-ee'a ba'gum, the
eldest daughter of Altmish Shems ood-Deen, ascended
the throne of Delhi in 1236. On one occasion her father
had appointed her regent during his absence on a dis-
tant campaign. When asked by his officers why he
preferred his daughter to any of his sons, he replied thai
his older sons gave themselves up to wine and every
excess, that she, though a woman, was better than
twenty such sons. At first she ruled the empire with
great prudence as well as ability. But her partiality to
one of her officers, who was an Abyssinian, greatl;
offended her nobles, in consequence of which she was
dethroned and put to death in 1239, after a reign of onli
three years and six months.

Ry'an, (PATRICK JOHN,) a Catholic prelate, was
born near Thurles, Ireland, in 1831. He graduated
in theology in Carlow College, went to the Unitec
States, became professor of English literature at the
theological seminary in St. Louis, was ordained pries
in 1853, made rector of the cathedral in 1856. anc
consecrated bishop in 1872 and archbishop in 1883
In 1884 he was transferred from St. Louis to the see
of Philadelphia.

Ry'an, (STEPHEN VINCENT,) D.D., a bishop, born in
Canada, January I, 1826. He was educated at Phila
delphia and in Missouri, and in 1849 became a Roman
Catholic priest. He entered the Vincentian Congrega
tion, and was president of Saint Vincent's College a
Cape Girardeau. In 1868 he was consecrated Bisho
of Buffalo.

Rybaut or Ribaut, reTw', (PAUL,) an excellen
French Protestant minister, born near Montpellier i:
1718. He lived in caves and huts in the forest, wher
he preached for many years while the law denouncec



eath as the penalty of preaching the Protestant doc-

rines. He had great influence, and restrained his peo-

le from rash and desperate measures. Died in 1795.

Rycaut or Ricaut, re'ko', ? (Sir PAUL,) F.R.S., an

English diplomatist and historical writer, born in London,

raduated at Cambridge in 1650. He was secretary

f embassy at Constantinople from 1661 to 1669. He

ublished "The Present State of the Ottoman Empire,"

1670,) a " History of the Turkish Empire from 1623

o 1677," (1680,) and other works. In 1690 he was

ppointed resident at the Hanse Towns. Died In 1700.

Ryckaert, rlk'iRt, (DAVID,) a skilful Flemish painter,

orn at Antwerp in 1615. He painted interiors, fairs,

ustic gatherings, musical parties, etc. Died in 1677.

Ryckaert, (MARTIN,) a landscape-painter, born at

ntwerp in 1591, was the father of the preceding.

le studied in Italy, and returned to Antwerp. Died

n 1636.

Rycke.de, deh ri'keh, [Lat Ric'ouiusor RYC'QUIUS,]
JOSSE,) a Flemish poet and antiquary, born at Ghent in
587. Among his works are " Two Books of Odes,"
"Odarum Libri duo," 1614,) and "On the Roman
Capital," ("De Capitolio Romano," 1617.) Died in
627.

Rycke, van, vin ri'keh, (THEODORE,) a Dutch critic,
iorn at Arnhem in 1640. He was professor of history
t the University of Leyden, and published an edition
if Tacitus, (1687.) Died in 1690.
Rycquius. See RYCKE.

Rydberg, rid'beRg, (ABRAHAM VICTOR,) a Swedish
.lovelist and poet, born at Jonkoping, December 18, 1829.
ie graduated at the University of Lund, and became a
journalist. His best novel is "The Last of the Athe-
nians," (1859.) He has written works on chronology
ind theology, and published a " History of Magic in the
Middle Ages." Died in 1895.

Ry'der, (ALBERT P.,) an American painter, born
at N'cw Bedford, Massachusetts, March 20, 1847. He
>ecame distinguished as a painter of imaginative
pieces, esteemed for excellence in sentiment and in
colour.

Ryder, (HENRY,) D.D., an English prelate, born
n 1777, was a younger son of the Earl of Harrowby.
He became Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry in 1824.
Died in 1836.

Ryder, (JOHN ADAMS,) an American embryolo-
jist, born near Loudon, Pennsylvania, in 1852. He
Became a student of science at the Academy of Nat-
ural Sciences of Philadelphia, was afterwards embry-
ologist to the United Spates Fish Commission, and in
1886 was made professor of comparative embryology
at the University of Pennsylvania. He became most
widely known through his investigations into the arti-
ficial propagation of the oyster. Died March 26,
1895.

Rydqvist, rid'kwlst, (JOHAN ERIK,) a Swedish
critic and writer, born at Gothenburg in 1800. He
published, besides other works, " The Laws of the
Swedish Language," (2 vols., 1852-57.) Died in 1877.

Ryer, Du. See Du RYER.

Ryk, rik, (Juuus CONSTANTINE,) a Dutch naval
officer, born in Amsterdam in 1787. He became a
rear-admiral in 1838, minister of the marine in 1842,
and vice-admiral in 1844.

Ry'land, (JOHN,) an eminent English Baptist minis-
ter born at Warwick in 1753, was a son of Rev. J. C.
Ryland, principal of the Enfield Academy. He became
pastor of the Broadmead Chapel, Bristol, in 1793, and
wrote a " Life of Andrew Fuller," (1816.) Died in 1825.

Ry'land, (JOHN,) a Baptist minister, preached at
Northampton. He wrote " The Christian Student and
Pastor," and other works, and was principal of an
academy at Enfield, where he died in 1792.

Ryland, (WILLIAM WYNNE,) an able English e
graver, born in London in 1732, was a pupil of Le Bas,
of Paris. He was appointed engraver to George
with a pension of 200 per annum, and engaged in busi-
ness as a dealer in prints. He introduced the chalk 01



eas *. 9 as s; g hard; g zaj; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: as z; th as in this,



ee Explanations, p. 23.)



RYLE



2IOO



SAADEE



stipple method into England. He was convicted ot
forgery of a bill of .210 on the East India Company,
and was executed in 1783. He asserted his innocence
to the last. According to Strutt, " he was a man re-
spected and beloved by all that were acquainted with
him." He excelled in the use of the graver and needle
combined.

Ryle, rfl, (JOHN CHARLES,) D.D., an English bishop,
born in 1816. He was educated at Eton, and at Christ
Church, Oxford, graduating with honours in 1836. In 1841
he took orders, and in 1861 was made rector of Stradbroke,
canon of Norwich, and rural dean of Hoxne. In 1880
he was named Dean of Salisbury, and in the same year
was consecrated Bishop of Liverpool, the first of that
title in the Anglican Church. Bishop Ryle is celebrated
as a writer of tracts and as a Low-Church champion.
Among his works are " Expository Thoughts on the
Gospels," (1856-59,) "Plain Speaking," "Bishops and
Clergy of Other Days," (1869,) "Church-Reform Papers,"
(1870,) etc.

Rylejew. See RILEYEF.

Rymer. See HRYM.

Ry'mer, (THOMAS.) an English antiquary and editor,
born in Yorkshire in 1638 or 1639, was a son of Ralph
Rymer, who was executed for insurrection in 1663. He
was appointed historiographer to William III. in 1692,
with a salary of 200, and was charged to collect and
edit, under the auspices of Lord Somers and Mr. Mon-
tagu, the documents relating to transactions between
England and foreign powers. The first volume of this
important work, called " Rymer's Foedera," appeared
in 1703, and was followed by sixteen other volumes.
Died in 1714.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Generate ;" CHAMBERS, " Biograph-
ical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Rvsbrack. ris'bRak, written also Rysbraeck, (MI-



CHAEL or JOHN MICHAEL,) an eminent Flemish sculp-
tor, born at Antwerp about 1694, was a son of Peter,
noticed below. He settled in London in 1720, and soon
became the most popular or successful sculptor in Eng
land except Roubiliac. Among his best works are a
monument to Sir Isaac Newton in Westminster Abbey,
and a monument to the Duke of Marlborough at Blen-
heim. Died in 1770.

Rysbrack, Rysbraeck, or Rysbraech, some-
times written Rysbrechts, (PETER,) an able landscape-
painter, born at Antwerp in 1657, was the father of the
preceding. He imitated the style of N. Poussin with
success. He excelled in colouring and in boldness and
freedom of touch. Died in 1716.

Rysbraeck. See RYSBRACK.

Rysbrechts. See RYSBRACK.

Rysbroek. See RUYSBROEK.

Ryves, rivz, (BRUNO,) a minister of the Anglican
Church, born in Dorsetshire, became chaplain of Mag-
dalene College, Oxford, in 1616. He was afterwards
chaplain to Charles I., and was persecuted during the
civil war. Died in 1677.

Ryves, (Sir THOMAS,) an English civilian, became a
Fellow of New College, Oxford, in 1598, and a master
in chancery in 1618. He was in the civil war a zealous
partisan of Charles I., whom he assisted in the treaty of
the Isle of Wight. He wrote " Ancient Naval History,"
("Historia navalis antiqua,") and other works. Died
in 1651.

Rzewuski, Rzewusky, zhi-woos'ke, written also
Rzewiesky, (WENCESLAS,) a Polish general and noble-
man, born in 1705, was noted for his literary attainments.
He was imprisoned six years at Smolensk and Kalouga
for his opposition to the election of Stanislas Ponia-
towski, in 1767. He wrote poems, dramas, etc. Died
in 1779.



s.



Saa, de, da si, (MANUEL,) a Portuguese Jesuit, born
in 1530, became professor of divinity at Rome, and was
employed by Pius V. to superintend a new edition of the
Vulgate. Died in 1596.

Saa de Miranda. See MIRANDA.

Sa da Bandeira, de, dl sa da ban-daVra, (BER-
NARDO,) a Portuguese soldier and statesman, born in
1796, fought against the French in the Peninsular war,
and subsequently became a partisan of Dom Pedro. He
was prime minister, 1865-69. Died January 6, 1876.

Saad-ed-Deen or Saad-Eddin, sa'ad ed-deen',
(Mohammed Effendi, mo-ham'med ef-fen'dee,) an
eminent Turkish historian, born in 1536, was educated
at the court of the Sultan Selim I. He became pro-
fessor of theology and jurisprudence in the college
attached to the mosque of Saint Sophia, and in 1573 was
appointed by Selim II. khoja or preceptor to his son,
Amurath III. He also enjoyed the favour of Mohammed
III., the successor of Amurath, and in 1598 was raised
to the dignity of grand mufti. He had previously been
appointed by Amurath imperial historiographer, an
office created expressly for him. His principal work,
entitled "The Crown of Histories," ( " Taj-al-Towa-
rikh,") is regarded by the Turks as a model of elegance
in style, and is highly commended by Sir William Jones.
It was translated into Italian by Vincenzo Bratutti. Died
in 1599.

Saadee, Saadi, or Sadi, sa'a-dee or si'dee, (Mus-
lih-ed-Deen,* (or -eddin,) moos'lin ed-deen',) a cele-
brated Persian poet, born at Shiraz about 1184. He
early manifested a remarkable spirit of devotion, and he
is said to have made during his life no fewer than fifteen
pilgrimages to Mecca, besides which he visited in his

Muslih (or Moslih) signifies " mediator," " pacificator." Mus-
Uh-ed-Deen may be translated " pacificator, friend, or promoter of
the Faith."



travels Bagdad, Damascus, Jerusalem, Morocco, Egypt,
Abyssinia, Hindostan, and other countries. Among his
other adventures, he was taken prisoner in battle with
the crusaders, by whom he was held for some time in
captivity. On his return from his extended peregrina-
tions he took up his abode in his native city, where,
chiefly on account of his religious character, he appears
to have been regarded with the highest respect and
veneration. Princes and nobles are said often to have
visited him, bringing him presents. He died in 1291,
having, it is said, attained the extraordinary age of one
hundred and seven years, or, as the Moslem writers
state it, of one hundred and ten (lunar) years. After his
deaih he was regarded as a saint, and tradition ascribed
to him the power of working miracles.

The works of Saadee are probably more extensively
read than those of any other Persian writer, Firdousee
(the Homer of Persia) not excepted. His "Gulistan"
(" Rose-Garden") is deservedly the most popular of all
his works. It consists of stories, anecdotes, and moral
observations and reflections, partly in prose and partly
in verse, and possesses, besides other merits, the charm
of endless variety. The religious character of his mind
is conspicuous in his writings ; he appears, moreover, to
have possessed a kindly and humane spirit, and his
moral sentiments may be said to be for the most part
elevated and pure, with one important exception, his
encouraging or conniving at deceit, which, like most
other Asiatics, he seems to have regarded as often a
venial fault and sometimes as a virtue of high order.
Among Saadee's other writings is the " Bostan," (" Fruit-
Garden,") which is a religious and moral poem, divided
into ten books. Saadee is greatly admired by his coun-
trymen as a lyric poet.

The style of Saadee is usually clear, simple, and ani-
mated; he is sometimes eloquent and highly poetical.
According to the opinion of some eminent critics, he



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, i>, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; mSt; nftt; good; moon;



S A ADI A



2107



SABINIANUS



makes a more sparing use of hyperbole and metaphor
than most other Oriental writers. His language, how-
ever, differs from that of Firdousee in containing fewer
words from the original Persian, and a much larger
admixture of Arabic terms and phrases.

See L. M. LANGLHS, " Notice sur la Vie et les Ouvrages de
Sa'ady," about 1820; D'HERBHLOT, " Bibliotheque Orientale ;"
OUSELEY, "Biographical Notices of the Persian Poets ;" SILVESTRB
DE SACY. "Notices;" VON HAMMER, "Geschichte der schonen
Redekiinste Persiens."

Saadia, sa'dee'a, (BEN JOSEPH,) a celebrated Jewish
theologian and philosopher, sometimes called SAADIAS-
GAON, born at Fayoom, in Egypt, in 892. He was teacher
of the Jewish academy at Sura, and made an Arabic
translation of the Pentateuch. He also wrote, in Arabic,
a treatise "On Religions and Doctrines." Died in 942.

Saaa, sas, (JEAN,) a French ecclesiastic and bibliogra-
pher, born at Rouen in 1703 ; died in 1774.

Saavedra, de. See CERVANTES.

Saavedra, de, da si-va'DRa, (ANGEL,) Duke of Rivas,
a distinguished Spanish poet, statesman, and soldier,
born at C6rdova in 1791. He fought against the French
at Talavera, and was severely wounded at the battle of
Ocana, in 1809. On the French invasion of 1823, he
repaired to London, and subsequently to Malta, where
he devoted himself to the study of English literature.
Soon after his return he was appointed procer of the
kingdom, and became a member of the ministry under
Isturiz in 1836. He was afterwards ambassador to
Naples, and filled other important offices. Among his
principal works are the poem of " The Moorish Found-
ling," ("El Moro Exposito," 1834,) the tragedy of " Don
Alvaro," (1835,) "La Morisca de Alajuar," a drama,
(1842,) and a history of Masaniello's insurrection at
Naples. Died at Madrid, June 26, 1865.

See LONGFELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe;" KENNEDY,
" Modern Poets of Spain."

Saavedra yFajardo, (or Faxardo,) sS-va'DRle fa-
HaR'do, (DlEGO,) a Spanish diplomatist and distinguished
writer, born in the province of Murcia in 1584. He was
sent on diplomatic missions to several courts of Germany
and Italy. His principal works are an "Idea of a Chris-
tian Prince," (" Idea de un Principe politico Christiano,"
etc., 1640,) consisting chiefly of a collection of political
maxims, and an ingenious critique of ancient and
modern writers, entitled "Republica Literaria," (1670.)
Died in 1648.

Sa'ba or Sa'bas, [SoSac,] a Greek monk of high
reputation, born in Cappadocia about 439 A.D. He
founded a monastery near the river Jordan. He was an
opponent of the Monophysites. Died in 532 A.D.

Sab'a-cpn or Sab'a-co, [Gr. Zafiaxui',] King of
Ethiopia', invaded Egyptj slew Bocchoris, its king, and
reigned many years over that country. He lived probably
about 750 or 800 B.C. His Egyptian name is Shabak.

Sabas. See SABA.

Sabatei Sevi, sa-ba-ta'ee sa'vee, a Jewish impostor,
born at Smyrna in 1626, claimed to be the Messiah.
Being made prisoner by the Turks, he saved his life by
embracing Mohammedanism. Died in 1676.

Sabatier, sa"bftg-i', (ANDRE HYACINTHE,) a French
'yric poet, was born at Cavaillon in 1726; died at
Avignon in i8o.

Sabatier, (Louis AUGUSTE,) a Protestant theo-
logian, was born at Vallon, France, in 1839, and be-
came a professor at Strasburg in 1868 and at Paris in
1873. He wrote " L'Apotre Paul," (1870,) " Les
origines litteraires de 1'Apocalypse," (1888,) and
" L'Evangile de Pierre," (1893.)

Sabatier, (RAPHAEL BIENVENU,) a French surgeon,
born in Paris in 1732, was royal censor of the Academy
of Sciences, and received from Bonaparte the cross of
the legion of honour. He published several able surgica'
treatises. Died in 1811.

Sabatier de Castres, sf'bi'te-i' deh kistR, (AN-
TOINE,) a French writer, was born at Castres in 1742
He published a work entitled "The Three Ages of
French Literature," etc., (3 vols., 1772,) in opposition
to the doctrines of Helvetius. He also wrote "The
Heathen Ages, or Mythological, Political, Literary,



and Geographical Dictionary of Pagan Antiquity," (9
vols., 1784,) and other works. Died in 1817.

See QUBRARD, "La France Litteraire;" " Nouvelle Biographic
Generale. "

Sabatini, sa-ba-tee'nee, (FRANCESCO,) a distinguished
Italian architect, born at Palermo in 1722, was a son-
n-law of Vanvitelli, whom he assisted in building the
jalace of Caserta near Naples. He afterwards settled
at Madrid, where he built the custom-house, (Aaluana,)
:he gate of Alcala, and that of San Vincente. Died
'n 1798.

Sabbathais Zwi See SABATEI SEVI.

Sabbathier, si'bi'te-i', (FRANCOIS,) a French mis-
cellaneous writer, born at Condom in 1735. His
chief work is " Dictionnaire pour ['Intelligence des
Auteurs Grecs et Latins," (37 vols., 1766-1815,) which
treats of ancient history, geography, mythology, etc.
and presents a copious analysis of the Greek and Latin
listorians. Died in 1807.

Sabbathier, (PIERRE.) See SABATIER.

Sabbatini, sab-ba-tee'nee, ( ANDREA, ) an Italian
painter, sometimes called ANDREA DA SALERNO, born
ibout 1480, was a pupil of Raphael. He settled at
Naples, where several of his master-pieces are to be
seen. He is regarded as the best painter of the Nea-
politan school. Died in 1545.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Sabbatini, (LORENZO,) an Italian painter, called
LORENZA DA BOLOGNA, was born in that city about
1540; died in 1577.

Sabbatini, (P. LUDOVICO ANTONIO,) an Italian
musician and writer of the eighteenth century, is some-
times called SABEATINI OF PADUA. Died in 1809.

Sa-bel'11-cus, (MARCUS ANTONIUS Coccius,) origin-
ally MARCANTONIO Coccio, (kot'cho,) an Italian histo-
rian and scholar, born in the Campagna di Roma in
1436. He became professor of eloquence at Venice.
His principal work is a " History of the Republic of
Venice," (in Latin, 1487.) Died in 1508.

See Vossius, "De Historicis Latinis;" BAYLE, " Historical and
Critical Dictionary;" NICBRON, "Memoires."

Sa-bel'11-us, an African bishop or presbyter, who
lived about 250-270 A.D. and dissented from the ortho-
dox creed in relation to the Trinity. His doctrines were
adopted by a numerous sect, called Sabellians. Little is
known of his personal history. He taught that there is
only one hyfostasis, or person, in the Divine nature.

See SMITH, " Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography."

Sa-bi'na, a Roman empress, was married to the
emperor Hadrian about 100 A.D., and received the
title of Augusta. Having been ill treated by Hadrian,
she committed suicide about 137 A.D.

Sabina, (Popp^A.) See POPP-BA.

Sab'iiie, (Sir EDWARD,) an English general and
Fellow of the Royal Society, born in October, 1788,
accompanied Parry's expedition to the Arctic regions
in 1819. He published in the " Philosophical Trans-
actions," after his return, the result of his observations
on the action of the magnetic needle. In 1822 he made
a voyage to Africa and North and South America, of
which he gave an account in his " Pendulum Expe-
dition," (1825.) He also wrote "Reports on Magnetic
and Meteorological Observations," and other similar
works. He became president of the Royal Society in
1861. Died June 26, 1883.

Sabine, (JOSEPH,) an English savant, born in 1770,
was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and filled the post
of vice-president of the Zoological Society, and other
important offices. Died in 1837.

Sabine, (LORENZO,) an American writer, born at
Lisbon, New Hampshire, February 28, 1803. He lived
for a time in Eastport, Maine, and then in Boston. He
wrote a " Life of Preble," (1847,) " Biographical Sketches
of American Loyalists," (1847 ; enlarged, 1864,) etc.
Died in Boston, April 14, 1877.

Sa-bin-i-a'nus [Fr. SABINIEN, siTje'ne^N'] suc-
ceeded Gregory I. as Pope of Rome in 604 A.D. He
survived his election only eighteen months, and Boni-
face III. was his successor.



e as k; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: th as in this. (JE^See Explanations, p. 23.)



SABINUS



2108



SACK



Sa-bi'nus, (AuLus,) a Roman poet, was the friend
of Ovid, and the author of Epistles, or " Heroides," in
reply to those of Ovid. Only three of them are extant.

Sabinus, (CALVISIUS,) a Roman commander, was an
adherent of Caesar in the civil war. He obtained the
province of Africa in 45 B.C., was consul in 39, and
commanded the fleet of Octavius in 38 B.C.

Sabinus, (CcELlus M.,) a Roman jurist, flourished in
the reign of Vespasian, and became consul in 69 A.D.

Sabinus, (Fnvius,) a Roman general of high repu-
tation, was a brother of the emperor Vespasian. He held
the high office of prafectus urbis from 58 to 69 A.D.
Having been taken prisoner by the soldiers of Vitellits,
he was massacred at Rome in 69 A.D.

Sabinus, sa-bee'nus, (GEORG,) a German scholar and
Latin poet, whose original name was SCHULER, (shii'ler,)
was born at Brandenburg in 1508. He was a son-in-law
of Melanchthon. He became professcr of poetry and
eloquence at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, and in 1544 rector
of the University of Konigsberg. Among his works we
may name his Latin elegies, entitled "Sabini Carmina."
Died in 1560.

See P. ALBINUS, "Vita G. Sabini," 1724: M. W. HHFFTHR.
"Erinnerung an G. Sabinus," 1844: A. FURSTHNHAUPT, " Georg
Sabinus," 1849.

Sabinus, (TuLius,) a Gallic chieftain of the district
of the Lingones, caused himself to be proclaimed Caesai
about 70 A.D., and invaded the territory of the Sequani
He was soon after arrested and put to death by order ol
Vespasian.

Sabinus, (MASSURIUS or MASURIUS,) an eminent
Roman jurist, lived in the reigns of Tiberius and Ca-
ligula. He was a pupil of Capito, and the founder of
a school of jurists called Sabiniani. He wrote an im-
portant treatise on civil law, on which Pomponius,
Paulus, and Ulpian wrote commentaries.

See GROTIOS, " Viue Jurisconsultorum ;" ARNTZHN, "De Ma-
urio Sabino," 1768.

Sablier, st'ble-4', (CHARLES,) a French writer, born
in Paris in 1693. He wrote, besides several dramas,
" An Essay on Languages in general, and the French
in particular,"(i777.) Died in 1786.

Sabliere, de la, deh li si'ble-aiR', (ANTOINE Ram-
bouillet rON'boo'ya',) a FrerTch poet, born about
1615, inherited a large fortune. He wrote a number of
madrigals, which were praised by Voltaire, (" Siecle de
Louis XIV," 1751, tome ii.) He died in 1680.

His wife, MADAME DE LA SxBLiiRE, was celebrated
for her talents and accomplishments. She was a friend
and benefactor of La Fontaine. Died in 1693.

Sabran. de, deh siTrnflN', COUNTESS, a French lady,
born in 1750. Her first husband, M. de Sabran, died
when she was young, and in 1797 she married Stanislas
de Bouflers, already noticed. She died in 1827. Her


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 278 of 425)