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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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correspondence with BouHers before their marriage is
of considerable literary value.

Sabunde. See SEBONDE.

Sac'a-das [2o*d<iaf] OF ARGOS, an eminent Greek
musician and poet, lived about 600 B.C. He excelled as
a flute-player.

Sacchetti, sak-ket'tee, (FRANCO,) an Italian novelist
and poet, born at Florence about 1335, was contempo-
rary with Boccaccio. As a novelist, he was regarded
by his countrymen as only second in genius to that
celebrated writer. Died in 1410.

Sacchetti, (GIAMBATTISTA,) a distinguished archi-
tect, born at Turin in 1736. He was patronized by
Philip V. of Spain, who employed him to build the new
palace at Madrid. He afterwards became director of the
public school of architecture in that city. Died in 1764.

Sacchi, sak'kee, (ANDREA,) an eminent Italian
painter of the Roman school, was born near Rome
about 1598. He was patronized by Urban VIII., who
smployed him to paint one of the great altar-pieces of
Saint Peter's. Among his other works we may name a
fresco in the Barberini palace representing " Divine
Wisdom," eight pictures from the life of John the
Raptist, the "Miracle of Saint Anthony," and "Saint
Romualdo relating his Vision to Five Monks of his
Order." The last-named is esteemed his master-piece,
and one of the best productions of the Roman school.

Sacchi numbered among his pupils Carlo Maratta and
N. Poussin. Died in 1661.

See PASSERI, "Vite de' Pittori;" LANZI, " History of Painting in

Sacchi, (PiETRO FRANCESCO,) an Italian painter,
born at Pavia. He began to work in Milan about 1460.
Many years after that date he lived at Genoa.

Sacchi, or Sacchini, sik-kee'nee, (JUVENAL,) an
Italian writer on music, born at Milan in 1726, was a
monk or priest. He wrote, besides other works, an
"Essay on the Music of the Ancient Greeks," (1778.)
Died in 1789.

Sacchini, sak-kee'nee, (ANTONIO MARIA GASPARO,)
an Italian composer of great celebrity in his time, born
at Naples in 1735, was a pupil of Durante. Among his
best works are the operas of "CEdipe a Colone," " Mon-
tezuma," "The Cid," and " Olympia." He passed about
eight years in England, whither he went in 1772. He
wrote with purity and elegance, and accomplished
effects by simple means. Died in Paris in 1786.

See FRAMBRV, "EJoge de Sacchini," 1787; F*TIS, " Biographic
Universelle des Musiciens;" " Nouvelle Biographic Geneiale."

Sacchini, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian Jesuit, born
near Perugia in 1570, was professor of rhetoric in the
Jesuits' College at Rome. He wrote a continuation
of Orlandino's History of his Order, and other works.
Died in 1625.

Sacher-Masoch, von, fon si'Ker-ma'soK, (LEO-
POLD,) an Austrian novelist, born at Lemberg, January
27, 1836. He was educated at Lemberg, Prague, and
Gratz. Among his works are novels entitled " A Gali-
cian Story," "Love," "Property," "The Law's Inherit-
ance," "The State," (ihe last four forming part of the
series called "Cain's Inheritance,") "False Ermine,"
" The Modern Job," etc. He also wrote several dramas.
Though extremely unequal, Sacher-Masoch was a writer
of uncommon ability and torce. He may be regarded as
the principal spokesman of the Slavic and Anti-German
party at Vienna, Died in 1895.

Sacheverell, sa-shev'e-rel, (HENRY,) an English
churchman, notorious as a partisan of Toryism, was born
about 1672, and was educated at Oxford. He was ap
pointed preacher at Saint Saviour's, Southwark, in 1705,
and preached in 1709 two political sermons which were
offensive to the ministry and the majority of Parliament.
He was impeached for libel by the House of Commons,
and convicted in 1710 by the peers, who sentenced him
to suspension from the ministry for three years. The
clergy and country squires sympathized with him as the
champion of the Church. The excitement occasioned
by his trial contributed to the defeat of the Whigs in the
next general election, and to the removal of Godolphin
and his colleagues from power, (1710.) Queen Anne
rewarded him with the valuable rectory of Saint An-
drew's, Holborn, in 1713. Died in 1724.

Sachs. See HANS SACHS.

Sachs, von, (JULIUS,) a German botanist, born at
Breslau in 1832. He became professor of botany at
Freiburg in 1867 and at Wiirzburg in 1868, and made
many important experiments on the influence of light
and heat on plants, etc. Died in 1897.

Sachsen, von, (MoRrrz.) See SAXE, (HERMANK

Sachtleven, saKt-la'ven, or Zachtleven, zaKt-la'-
ven, (CoRNELls,) a Dutch painter, born at Rotterdam
in 1606 or 1612. His subjects are generally taken from
low life, and painted in the style of Brauwer and Teniers.
Died in 1685.

Sachtleven, (HERMAN,) a Dutch landscape-painter
of great merit, born at Rotterdam in 1609, was a pupil
of J. van Goyen. He painted many scenes on the Rhine
and Meuse. Died in 1685.


man theologian, born at Magdeburg in 1738, was the
author of a treatise " On the Union of the Two Prot-
estant Church Parties," (1812,) which was chiefly in-
strumental in promoting the union of the Lutheran and
Reformed Churches in Prussia. He also translated the

a. e, T, o, u, v, long-; a, e, 0, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, j, o. obscure; far, fill, fat; met; not; good; moon;




principal part of Blair's " Sermons" into German. Died
in 1817.

Sack, (JoHANN AUGUST,) an able Prussian adminis-
trator, born at Cleves in 1764. He was appointed in
1800 privy councillor of finance at Berlin, (Oberfinanz-
rart.Jandin 1813 became civil governor of all the country
between the Elbe and the Oder. Died in 1831.

Sack, (KARL HEINRICH,) a son of Friedrich Samuel
Gottfried, noticed above, was born at Berlin in 1790.
He became professor of theology at Bonn in 1823, and
published several theological works. Died in 1875.

Sackborn. See SAXIUS, (CHRISTOPH.)


Sackville, (CHARLES.) See DORSET, EARL OF.

Sackville, (EDWARD.) See DORSET, EARL OF.

Sack'ville, ( GEORGF, ) VISCOUNT, called LORD
GEORGE GERMAIN, son of the Duke of Dorset, was born
in 1716. He served in the Seven Years' war, and at
the battle of Minden, in 1759, commanded the British
forces under Prince Ferdinand of Brunswick. Having
disobeyed the prince's orders, he was tried in England
by a court-martial and dismissed the service. Under
George III. he became in 1775 secretary of state for
the colonies. In this capacity he directed the military
operations in the American war. Having inherited
the estates of Lady Germain, he assumed that name in
1770. Died in 1785.

Sec R. CUMBERLAND, " Character of Lord G. Germain," 1783.


Sacy, de, deh sl'se', (ANTOINE ISAAC SILVESTRF.,)
BARON, often called simply SILVESTRE DE SACY, an
eminent French Orientalist, born in Paris on the 2ist
of September, 1758. He was a son of J. Abraham Sil-
vestre, a notary. After he had become a good classical
scholar, he studied Hebrew, Syriac, Chaldee, Arabic,
and Persian. He was also versed in German, English,
Italian, and Spanish. In 1785 he was admitted into
the Academy of Inscriptions, and wrote a " Memoir on
the History of the Arabs before Mohammed." He con-
tributed to the Academy four able " Memoirs on Divers
Antiquities of Persia," printed in 1793. He was ap-
pointed professor of Arabic in a school founded at Paris
in 1795. In 1799 he published his " Principles of Gen-
eral Grammar," which is one of his best works. He
became professor of Persian in the College of France
in 1806, and published in the same year a work called
"Chrestomathie Arabe," consisting of extracts from
Arabian authors, with French versions and notes. He
wrote many articles for the " Biographic Universelle"
and the "Journal Asiatique." In the reign of Louis
XVIII. he was a member of the council of public in-
struction. S. de Sacy and Abel Remusat founded the
Asiatic Society in 1822. He became a member of the
Chamber of Peers in 1832, and perpetual secretary of
the Academy of Inscriptions in 1833. Among his works
are an Arabic Grammar, (1810,) and " Pend-Nameh,"
in Persian and French, (1819.) Died in February, 1838.

See RHINAUD, " Notice historique et litt^raire sur Silyestre de
~ UNOU, " filoge de Si!

September, 1828.

Sacy," 1838 ; DAUNOU, " filoge de Silvestre de Sacy," 1838; " Nou-
velle Biographic G<5ne'ra]e;' y "Foreign Quarterly Review" for

Sacy, de, deh sfse', (Louis,) a French advocate and
liftitratfur, born in 1654, was a member of the French
Academy. He published a "Treatise on Friendship,"
and translated some works of Pliny the Youngei. Died
in 1727.

Sacy, de, (Louis ISAAC.) See LEMAISTRE.

journalist, a son of the eminent Orientalist, was born in
Paris in 1801. He was one of the principal contributors
to the "Journal des De"bats." In 1854 he was elected to
the French Academy. It is stated that from 1828 to
1848 he furnished two-thirds of the political articles of
the "Journal des Debats." Died February 14, 1879.

MARQUIS, a profligate French novelist, a nephew of the
following, was born in Paris in 1740; died in 1814.

ABBE, a French ecclesiastic, born in 1705, wrote " Me-
moirs of the Life of Petran.h," (3 vols., 1764,) which
is said to be a work of much merit. Died in 1778.


Sadeler, si'deh-ler, (GILES,) a Flemish engraver,
born at Antwerp in 1570, was a brother or nephew of
Jean, noticed below. He engraved after the Italian
masters. Among his works are "Vestiges of Roman
Antiquities." Died in 1629. He is said to have been
the best engraver of the family.

Sadeler, (JEAN,) an able Flemish engraver and
designer, born at Brussels in 1550. He studied and
worked in Italy, and engraved many works of Italian
masters. Among his prints are scriptural subjects, por-
traits, and landscapes. He died at Venice about 1600
or 1610.

Sadeler, (RAPHAEL.) a skilful Flemish engraver,
a brother of the preceding, was born in 1555 ; died
in 1616.

Sa de Miranda. See MIRANDA.

tadi See SAADEE.
adler, (ANTHONY,) an English divine, born in Wilt-
shire, became chaplain to Charles II. He published a
number of sermons, and a work entitled a " Divine
Masque." Died in 1680.

Sadler, (JOHN,) an English writer, born in Shropshire
in 1615. He published "Rights of the Kingdom, or
Customs of our Ancestors." Died in 1674.

Sadler, (MICHAEL THOMAS,) an English philanthro-
pist and statesman, born in Derbyshire in 1780. He
was twice elected to Parliament for Newark-upon-Trent,
and in 1831 represented Aldborough, in Yorkshire. He
laboured earnestly to improve the condition of the poor
and of the children employed in factories. He wrote a
work entitled " Ireland : its Evils and their Remedies,"
and "The Law of Population." Died in 1835.

See " Memoirs of the Life of M. T. Sadler." 1842 ; " Black-
wood's Magazine" for February, 1831 ; "Malthus and Sadler." ID
the "Quarterly Review" for April, 1831; " Fraser'i Magazine" for
September. 1835.

Sadler, (Sir RALPH,) was born in Middlesex, Eng-
land, in 1507. At an early age he obtained the notice
and patronage of Henry VIII., who employed him in
various important missions. For his courage at the
battle of Pinkie he was made knight-banneret on the
field. After the accession of Elizabeth he became a
member of her first Parliament, and, on the imprison-
ment of Mary Queen of Scots at Tutbury, was appointed
her keeper. He died in 1587. His " State Papers and
Letters," edited by Arthur Clifford, appeared in 1809.

See SIR WALTER SCOTT, Miscellaneous Prose Works ; FROUDE,
" History of England:" BURTON, " History of Scotland ;" "Edin-
burgh Review" for August, 1810.

Sadler, (WILLIAM WINDHAM,) an English aeronaut
and chemist, who crossed the Irish Channel from Dub-
lin to Wales, and made many other voyages of the kind.
He was subsequently killed by a fall from his balloon, in
1824, at the age of about twenty-eight.

Sadlier, sfd'le-A', ? (MARY ANNE,) a writer of fiction,
whose original name was MADDEN, was born in the
county of Cavan, Ireland, in 1820. Having emigrated
to Canada, she married a Mr. Sadlier, and published a
number of tales in favour of Catholicism.

Sa'doc or Za'dok, a learned Jew, who lived about
250 B.C., was the disciple of Antigonus Sochseus, and
became the principal founder of the sect of Sadducees.

Sadolet See SADOLETO.

Sadoleto, sJ-do-Ia'to, or Sadoletti, sj-do-!et'tee,
|Fr. SADOLET, sfdo'14',] (JACOPO,) an eminent Italian
writer and cardinal, born at M6denain 1477, was a friend
of Bembo. He became secretary to Leo X. about 1514,
and was appointed Bishop of Carpentras in 1517. He was
employed as secretary by Clement VII., and was made a
cardinal by Paul III. about 1536, after which he passed
the most of his time at Rome. In 1542 he was sent as
ambassador to Francis I. of France. He is represented
as a man of noble character, pious, modest, and liberal.
Among his principal works are a treatise on education,
entitled " De Liberis recte Instituendis," (1533,) " On
the Merits of Philosophy," (" Phasdrus, sive de Laudibus
Philosophise," 1538,) and " Latin Poems," (1548.) Died
at Rome in 1547. "There were two," says Hallaro,
" Bembo and Sadolet, who had by common confession
reached a consummate elegance of style, in comparison

cas/t; casj; gAarti; gasy.'G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasinM. (B^ = See Explanations, p. 23.)




of which the best productions of the last age seemed
very imperfect." (" Introduction to the Literature of

velle Biographic Ge'ne'rale.

Sadoleto or Sadolet, (PAOLO,) a poet and bishop,
born at M6dena in 1508, was a cousin-german or nephew
of the preceding. He became Bishop of Carpentras
in 1547. He wrote Latin Poems and Epistles. Died
in 1572.

Saeed (or Said) Pasha, sa'eed' pa'sha', Viceroy of
Egypt, and fourth son of Mehemet Alee, was born in
1822, and succeeded Abbas Pasha in 1854. He died in
January, 1863.

Saehrimnir, sa-rim'nir, written also Serimner, the
boar on whose flesh the heroes who are admitted to
Valhalla feast. Although boiled and served up every
day, the boar is always whole again at evening.

Saemund. See SAMUND.

Saenredam, sSn'reh-dam', (JAN,) an able Dutch
designer and engraver, born at Leyden about 1565.
He engraved historical and scriptural subjects after
various masters, also some of his own designs. Died
in 1607.

Saenredam, (PlETER,) a painter, born at Assendelft
about 1597, was a son of the preceding. He painted
architecture and interiors of churches. His works are
highly praised. Died in 1666.

Saeter, sa'ter, is mentioned by authors as a German
divinity from whom Saturday takes its name. Many
writers identify him with the Roman Saturn, but he may
be the same as the god Tyr, (q. v.) Sigtyr ("god of
victory") is one of the titles of Odin. Sseter is figured
as a decrepit and melancholy old man, thus answering
to the idea of Saturn.

Safarik. See SCHAFARIK.

SaP fprd, (TRUMAN HENRY,) an American astronomer,
born at Royalton, Vermont, January 6, 1836. In child-
hood he exhibited marvellous ability as an arithmetician.
He graduated at Harvard College in 1854, and engaged
in astronomical work. In 1865 he was appointed pro-
fessor of astronomy in the University of Chicago. He
has published important astronomical papers.

Saga, sa'ga, [from saga or saga, to " say," to " re-
late,"] according to the Norse mythology, the goddess
or muse of history. She is the intimate companion of
Odin, (or " Mind.'')

Sagasta, sa-gas'ti, (PRAXEDES MATKO,) a Spanish
statesman, born at Torrecilla de Cameros, July 21, 1827.
He became a leading "progressist," or liberal politician,
and was a professor of engineering in a school at Mad-
rid. In 1856, and again in 1866, he was obliged to leave
the country. He held various cabinet positions, being
minister of state under the republic, and under King
Amadeus. In 1881 he again entered the ministry, and
became its president, but retired in 1883, and was
again Liberal premier from 1885 to 1890.

Sage, sjzh, (BALTHASAR GEORGES,) a French chemist
and natural philosopher, born in Paris in 1740. He pub-
lished numerous treatises on chemistry, mineralogy, and
electricity. He was the principal founder of the School
of Mines, (1783,) and contributed much to the art of
docimasie'm France. In 1801 he was admitted into the
Institute. Died in 1824.

See his " Autobiography," 1818 ; " Biographic Universelle."

Sage, (JOHN,) a bishop of the Scottish Episcopal
Church, born in Fifeshire in 16^2, was eminent for
learning and talents. He preached at Edinburgh, wrote
several polemical works against the Presbyterians, and
became a bishop in 1705. Died in 1711.

See J. GILLAN, "Life of John Sage," 1714; CHAMBERS, " Bio-
graphical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Sage, lie. See LE SAGE.
Sagittarius. See SCHUTZ, (HEINRICH.)
Sagittarius, sa-git-ta're-us, (CASPAR,) a German his-
torian and Lutheran minister, born at Lunenburg in
1643. He became professor of history at Jena in 1674.
He wrote several works on German history, and an

'Introduction to Ecclesiastic History," (1694.) Died
in 1694.

Sagittarius, (JOHANN CHRISTFRIED,) a German
writer, born at Breslau in 1617, became professor of
history at Jena. He wrote many dissertations, and
edited the works of Luther, (9 vols. folio, 1661-64.)
Died in 1689.

Sagon, si'gAn', (FRANCOIS,) a French poet, the con-
temporary and enemy of Clement Marot His memory
survives only in that of his followers, the " Sagontiques,"
who quarrelled with the " Marotiques," or disciples of

Sagoskin. See ZOGOSKIN.

Sagra, de la, da la sa'gRS, (Don RAMON,) a Spanish
writer, born at Corunna in 1798, published "The
Physical, Political, and Natural History of the Island
of Cuba," (1837,) and several treatises on political
economy. Died May 25, 1871.

Sagredo, sa-gRa'do, (GIOVANNI,) a Venetian diplo-
matist and historian, published "Historical Memoirs
of the Ottoman Monarchs from 1300 to 1646," (1677
said to be well written. He became procurator of Sain
Mark's about 1668. Died after 1691.

Sahagun, de, da sa-a-goon', (BERNARDINO,) a Fran-
ciscan friar, born at Sahagun, in Spain, was a missionary
to Mexico in 1529. He wrote a valuable history entitled
" Historia universal de Nueva Espana," first published
at Mexico in 1829. Died in 1590.

See PRESCOTT, "History of the Conquest of Mexico," voL i
book L

Said. See SAEED.

Said-Ibn-Batric. See EUTYCHIUS.

Saigey, sj'zh^', (JACQUES FREDERIC,) a French
savant, born at MontbeMiard in 1797, published a num-
ber of scientific treatises. Died at Paris, May 22, 1871.

Sailer, si'ler, (JOHANN MICHAEL,) a German Catholic
theologian, born near Schrobenhausen, in Bavaria, in
1751. He was successively professor of divinity at
Ingolstadt and at Landshut, and Bishop of Ratisbon,
(1829.) He published a " Prayer-Book for Catholic
Christians," (1831,) and other religious works. Died
in 1832.

See E. VON SCHKNK, " Die Bischofe J. M. von Sailer und G. M.
Wittmann," 1838.

Saillet, de, deh sfyi', (ALEXANDRA) a French litte-
rateur and educational writer, born in 1811 ; died 1866.

Saiuctes, de, deh saNkt, (CLAUDE,) a French prelate
and controversial writer, born in 1525, became a deputy
to the Council of Trent. He was made Bishop of Evreux
in 1 575, and distinguished himself by his zeal in the cause
of the Catholic League. Died in 1591.

Saint-Aiguan, de, deh siN'tin'ySN', (PAUL de
Beauvillier deh bo've'ya',) Due, a French nobleman,
born at Saint-Aignan in 1648. He was appointed presi-
dent of the council of finances in 1685, and governor of
the Duke of Burgundy in 1689. He was a friend of
Finelon, whom he selected as preceptor of that prince,
and to whom he remained faithful after Fenelon had
lost the royal favour. He was a favourite counsellor of
Louis XIV. Died in 1714.

Saint-Albin, de, deh siN'til'baN', (ALEXANDRK
CHARLES OMER Rousseliu de Corbeau roos'liN'
deh koR'bS',) COMTE, a French writer and epigram-
matist, born in 1773. He became in 1816 editor of the
"Constitutionnel," a liberal journal of Paris. Among
his works are lyric poems, epigrams, and a "Life of
General Hoche," (2 vols., 1798.) Died in 1847.

Saint-Aldegonde. See MARNIX.

Saint-Allais, de, deh slN'tfl^', (NICOLAS Viton-
ve'tAN',) a French genealogist and litterateur, born at
Langres in 1773. He published, besides many works
on genealogy, a new edition of "The Art of Verifying
Dates," (6 vols. 410, and 23 vols. 8vo, 1818-20.) Died
in 1842.

Saint-Alphonse, de, deh saN'tJl'fo.Ns', ( PIERRB
WATHIER,) born at Laon, in France, in 1770, served
under Napoleon in several campaigns, and rose to be
general of division in 1811. He was afterwards made a
count of the empire, and grand officer of the legion of
honour. Died in 1840.

a, e, i, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far. fall, fat; mit; not; good; m<5oni


21 II


Saint Am'and, (JAMES,) an English scholar, made
a valuable collection of books and manuscripts, which
at his death, in 1754, he bequeathed to the Bodleian

Samt-Amaus, de, deh sjN'tfmoN', (JEAN FLO-
RIMOND BOUDON,) a French antiquary and naturalist,
was born at Agen in 1748. He published numerous
treatises on agriculture, botany, and antiquities. Died
in 1831.

See QUBRARD, " La France LitteVaire."

Saint-Amant, saN'ti'moN', (MARC ANTOINE GE-
RARD,) a French poet, born at Rouen in 1594, became
a member of the French Academy in 1633. He wrote
odes, idyls, satires, etc. Died in 1661.

SM " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Saint-Amour, saN'ti'mooR', (Louis,) a doctor of
theology of the Sorbonne, and a distinguished advocate
of Jansenism, was born in Paris in 1619; died in 1687.

Saint- Amour, de, deh saN'tf'mooR', (GuiLLAUME,)
a French philosopher and theologian, born at Saint-
Amour, in Franche-Comte'. He became professor of
philosophy in Paris, and rector of the University. His
name is chiefly memorable on account of the prominent
part he performed in defending the privileges of the
University against the Dominicans, who were favoured
by the pope. He was the author of a work entitled
" Perils of the Latter Times," (" De Periculis novissi-
morum Temporum.") Died in 1272.

See DUPIN, " Histoire des Controverses dans le treiziemc


Saint- Andre, de, deh saN'toN'dRa', (JACQUES d'Al-
bon dil'bdN',) MARSHAL, a French commander, who
united with the Due de Guise and Constable Mont-
morency to form a triumvirate against the Huguenots.
He was killed in battle in the civil war in 1562.

Saint-Ange, de, deh saN'toNzh', (ANGE FRANCOIS
FARIAU,) a French poet, born at Blois in 1747. He
produced a French version of Ovid's " Metamorphoses,"
(1778-89,) which was received with favour. He trans-
lated other poems of Ovid, and was admitted to the
French Academy in 1810. Died in Paris in 1810.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."


Saint-Aubin, saN'to'baN', (JEAN,) a physician of
Metz, assisted Foes in his translation of Hippocrates,
and wrote a work on the plague. Died in 1597.

Saint-Aubin, de, deh sJN'to'baN', (AucusTiN,) a
French engraver, born in Paris in 1736. He engraved
6ne portraits and vignettes for books. His works are
extremely numerous. Died in 1807.

Saint-Aubin, de, (CHARLES GERMAIN,) a designer
and engraver, born in Paris in 1721, was a brother of
the preceding. Died in 1786.

Saint-Aubin, de, (GABRIEL jACQUt.b,) a painter and
engraver, born in Paris in 1724, was a brother of the
preceding. Died in 1780.

Saint-Aubin, de, (JEAN,) a French Jesuit, born in
1587, wrote a " History of the City of Lyons, Ancient
and Modern." Died in 1660.

Saint-Bris. See LAMBERT, DE, (HENRI.)

Saint-Chamans, de, deh saN'sh J'mftN', (AUGUSTS,)
VISCOUNT, a French jurist and statesman, born in PeVi-
gord in 1777, published several political and miscel-
laneous works. Died December 7, 1860.

Saint-Clair, sent klSr or sin'klair, (ARTHUR,) a gen-
eral, born in Edinburgh in 1735. He became a citizen
of Pennsylvania, and served as brigadier-general at the
battles of Trenton and Princeton, in the winter of 1776
-77. He was appointed a major-general in February,
1777, elected a member of Congress in 1785, and Presi-
dent of Congress in 1787. In 1789 he was appointed
Governor of Ohio. He commanded an army which

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 279 of 425)