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was sent against the Miami Indians, and was defeated
in Ohio, near the Miami River, with heavy loss, in No-
vember, 1791. He ceased to be Governor of Ohio in
1802. Died in 1818.

See the "National Portrait-Gallery of Distinguished Americans,"
rot. iii.



Saint Clair, sln'kler, (GEORGE,) an English author
born in London, April 9, 1836. He became a popular
lecturer on science, and studied, 1860-64, in Regent's
Park College, after which he was ordained a Baptist
minister. Among his works are " Darwinism and De-
sign" and "Our Earthly House and its Builder." The
position of Mr. Saint Clair is that of an orthodox
Christian evolutionist

Saint-Gloat, de, deh saN'klost', or Saint-Cloud,
de, d?h saN'kloo', (PERROS or PIERRE,) a French writer
of the thirteenth century, whose principal work is an
allegorical poem entitled "The Romance of the Fox."

Saint-Cyran. See DUVERGIER.

Sainte-Aulaire, de, deh saN'tS'lSR', (CdME JOSEPH
de BeaupoO deh bo'pwal',) COUNT, a French royal-
ist, born about 1742, served against France during and
after the Revolution, and attained the rank of lieutenant-
general in 1814. Died in 1822.

Sainte-Aulaire, de, (FRANQOIS JOSEPH DE BEAU-
FOIL,) MARQUIS, a French poet and member of the
French Academy, born in the Limousin in 1643. He
wrote madrigals and amatory verses. Died in 1742.

Sainte-Aulaire, de, (Louis CLAIR DE BEAUPOIL,)
COMTE, a French writer and diplomatist, born in Peri-
gord in 1778. He was a member of the Chamber of
Deputies from 1818 to 1824, entered the Chamber of
Peers about 1830, and was sent as ambassador to Vienna
in 1833. 1 '^41 he wa s elected a member of the
French Academy. He was minister at London from
1841 to 1847. His chief work is a "History of the
Fronde," (3 vols., 1827.) Died in 1854.

See DE BAKANTE, "fitudes historiques et biographiques, "

Sainte-Aulaire, de, (MARTIAL Louis DE BEAU-
FOIL,) a French prelate, born in 1720, became Bishop of
Poitiers, and was a deputy of the clergy from Poitou to
the States-General in 1789. Died in 1798.

Sainte-Beuve, saNt'buv', (CHARLES AUGUSTIN,)
one of the most eminent of French critics, was born at
Boulogne-sur-Meron the 23d of December, 1804. He was
educated in several colleges of Paris, and studied medi-
cine, which he practised several years. He was succes-
sively a contributor to the " Globe," the " Revue des Deux
Mondes," and the " National." He published in 1828 his
" Historical and Critical Picture of French Poetry and the
French Theatre in the Sixteenth Century," and in 1829
poems entitled " Life, Poetry, and Thoughts of Joseph
Delorme." His other principal works are "Consola-
tions," a collection of poems, (1830,) "Literary Por-
traits," (8 vols., 1832-39,) a series of criticisms which
first appeared in the reviews, an excellent "History
of Port-Royal," (4 vols., 1840-62,) and a series of able
critiques entitled "Causeries du Lundi," (13 vols., 1851-
57,) which first appeared in the "Constitutionnel." He
was admitted into the French Academy in 1845. In
1852 he was appointed professor of Latin poetry in the
College of France, and in 1857 mattre des confirmed
in the Normal School. In 1865 he was raised to the
dignity of a senator.' Among his other works are "Etude
sur Virgile," (2 vols., 1857,) and "Nouveaux Lundis,"
(1863.) Died in October, 1869.

"The peculiarity and excellence of his criticism is>
its disinterestedness, its singular power of appreciating
whatever may be good in the most opposite schools,
and its wonderful faculty for penetrating into the secrets
of the most strangely different natures. And now, if we
turn from the man's works to the man himself, we see
great natural power, a mind originally pliable, subtle,
and comprehensive to the very highest degree, curious
and penetrative, impartial to a fault." ("Quarterly
Review" for January, 1866.)

See L. DH LOMBNIE, " M. Sainte-Beuve, par un Homroe de
Rien," 1841; PLANCHK, "Portraits litte'raires ;" "Nouvelle Bio-
graphie Gene'rale."

Sainte-Beuve, (JACQUES,) a French casuist, born in
Paris in 1613. He was professor of theology in the
Sorbonne from 1643 to 1654. Died in 1677.

Sainte - Claire - Deville, saNt'kl^R' deh-vel',
(CHARLES,) a French geologist, born at Saint Thomas,
in the Antilles, in 1814, He published a "Geological
Voyage to the Antilles and the Island of Teneriffe," etc.,
and other scientific works. Died October 10, 1876.



cas; gas*; %harti; gasj;G,n,K.,gutturaI; tl, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in this. (jf3f=See Explanations, p. 23.)



SAINTE- CLAIRE-DE VILLE



SAINT- GERMAN



Sainte-Caire-Deville, (HENRI,) a French chemist,
brother of the preceding, was born at Saint Thomas in
1818. He studied in France, and in 1851 succeeded
Balard as professor of chemistry in the Normal School.
He is chiefly distinguished for having invented a
method of producing in considerable quantities the
metal aluminum, first discovered by Wohler in 1827.
He published an account of his experiments in the "An-
nales de Chimie et de Physique." Died July 9, 1881.

Sainte-Croix, de, deh saNt'kRwi', ( GUILLAUME
EMANUEL JOSEPH Guilhem de Clermont-Lodeve
ge'lSN' deh kleVm6N' lo'd^v',) BARON, a French anti-
quary and scholar, born at Mormoiron in 1746. He
published, besides other works, " Historical Researches
into the Mysteries of Paganism," (1784,) and a "Critical
Examination of the Historians of Alexander the Great,"
(1804,) which are praised by Silvestre de Sacy. He was
a member of the Institute. Died in 1809.

See DACIER, "filoge de Sainte-Croix ;" SILVESTRE DE SACV,
"Notice sur la Vie et les Ouvrages de M. de Sainte-Croix," 1809;
"Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale,"

Sainte-Edme, saN'tJdm', (properly EDME Tn4o-
DORE Bourg boonO a French political writer and
biographer, born in Paris in 1785. He wrote against
the Bourbons and Louis Philippe. In conjunction
with Sarrut, he published " Biography of Living Men,"
(" Biographic des Hommes du Jour," 6 vols., 1835-42.)
He committed suicide in Paris in 1852.

See QUERARD, " La France Littiraire."

Sainte-Elme, saN't?lm', (!DA,) a French courtesan,
whose real name was ELZELINA TOLSTOI VANAYL DE
YONGH, was bom in 1778. She was the author of
" Memoirs of a Contemporary, or Recollections of the
Principal Personages of the Republic, the Consulate,
the Empire, and the Restoration," (8 vols., 1827.) Died
in 1845.

Sainte-Foi, saNt'fwi', (ELOI TOURDAN,) a French
theologian, born at Beaufort in 1806, published several
religious works. Died at Paris, November 20, 1861.

Sainte-Marie, saNt'mS're', (ETIENNE,) a French
physician, born near Lyons in 1777, published several
medical works. Died in 1829.

Sainte-Marthe, de, deh siNt'miRt', (ABEL,) a French
lawyer and Latin poet, born at Loudun in 1566, was
a son of Scevole, noticed below. He was appointed a
councillor of state by Louis XIII. Died in 1652.

Sainte-Marthe, de, (ABEL Louis,) a French theo-
logian, born in Paris in 1621, was a son of Sce'vole the
Younger. He became general of the Oratory in 1672.
He wrote a work entitled "The Christian World,"
("Orbis Christianus," 9 vols., manuscript.) Died in 1697.

See NICKRON. "Me'moires."

Sainte-Marthe, de, (CHARLES,) a French poet, bom
at Fontevrault He taught Hebrew and Greek at Lyons,
after he had been imprisoned two years on suspicion of
being a Lutheran. Died after 1562.

Sainte-Marthe, de, (DENIS,) a theologian, born in
Paris in 1650. He published, besides other works,
"Gallia Christiana," (4 vols., 1715-28.) Died in 1725.

See MORERI, " Dictionnaire Historique."

Sainte-Marthe, de, [Lat. SAMMARTHA'NUS,] (Set-
VOLE or GAUCHER,) a French writer and Latin poet,
born at Loudun in 1536, was a nephew of Charles. He
held several high offices under Henry III. and Henry
IV., and was an opponent of the League. He wrote
14 Psedotrophia," and other Latin poems, which were
much admired. Died in 1623.

See LA ROCHE-MAILLET, " Vie de Sainte-Marthe." 1629 : LEON
FEUGRRE, " tude sur S. de Sainte-Marthe," 1853 ; " Nouvelle
Biographic Generate."

Sainte-Marthe, de, (ScfcvoLE and Louis,) twin
brothers, born at Loudun in 1571, were sons of the pre
ceding. They produced an account of French bishops
entitled "Gaflia Christiana," (4 vols., 1656.) Sce'vol*
died in 1650 ; Louis died in 1656.

See NICBRON, "Memoires."

Sainte-Maure. See MONTAUSIER, (Due DK.)
Sainte-Palaye, de, d?h saNt'pi'lJ', (JEAN BAPTIST;
DE LACURNE,) a distinguished writer, and a member o
the French Academy, was born at Auxerre in 1697. H



ublished "Memoirs of Ancient Chivalry," (3 voU.,
759-81,) which was translated into English, and col-
ected materials for a " History of the Troubadours,"
hich was published by Millot, (1774.) Died in 1781.
See SicuiER, " filoge de Lacurne de Sainte-Palaye," 1783;
Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Sainte-Suzanne, de, deh saNt'su'zin', (GILBERT
OSEPH MARTIN Bruneteau bRiin'tS', ) COMTE, a
'rench general, born near Poivre (Aube) in 1760. He
ecame a general of division in 1796, and count in 1809.
)ied in 1830.

Saint-Etienne. See RABAUT.

Saint-Eve, six'tV, (JEAN MARIE,) a skilful French
ngraver, born in Lyons in 1810. Having gained the
p'and prize in 1840, he went to Rome with a pension,
nd engraved some works of Raphael, Andrea del Sarto
nd Ary Scheffer. Died in 1856.

Saint-EVremond. See fivREMOND.

Saint-Fargeau. See LE PELLETIER.

Saint-Felix, de, deh siN'ftaeks', (JULES,) called
Jso FELIX D'AMOREUX, a French poet and novelist,
Dorn at Uzes in 1806. Died at Paris, May 28, 1874.

Saint-Foix, de, deh siN'fwa', (GERMAIN FRANC.OIS
'OULLAIN,) a French littlrateur, born at Rennes, in
Jrittany, in 1698, was the author of " Turkish Letters,"
1730,) and several dramas and other works. He was a
amous duellist. Died in 1776.

See DUCOUDRAV, " filoge de Saint-Foil," 1777 ; " Nouvelle Bi
graphic Gene'rale."

Saint-Fond. See FAUJAS DE SAINT-FOND.
Saint-Gaudens, (AUGUSTUS,) an American
sculptor, born at Dublin, Ireland, in 1848. He was
taken as an infant to New York, and opened a studio
there in 1872, after studying in Paris and Rome. His
works include "Hiawatha," "The Puritan," statues

f Admiral Farragut and Abraham Lincoln, etc.
Saint-Gelais, de, de> siN'zheh-14', (MELLIN,) z
French ecclesiastic, born at Angouleme in 1491, pub-
ished a number of poems in Latin and French. Died
n 1558. He was a nephew (or, as some say, a son) n r
Octavien, noticed below.

See NICBRON, "Me'moires;" CASTAIGNE, "Notice sur les Saint-
Gelais," 1836.

Saint-Gelais, de, (OCTAVIEN,) a French poet and
prelate, born at Cognac in 1466. He was appointed
Bishop of Angouleme in 1494. His principal work is
"The Abode of Honour," ("Le Sejour d'Honneur.")
Died in 1502.

Saint - Genies, saN'zhe>ne-4', (JEAN, ) a French
scholar and Latin poet, was born at Avignon in 1607.
He wrote elegies, idyls, and satires, (1654,) which are
commended. Died in 1663.

Saint-Georges, siN'zhoRzh', (N.,) CHEVALIER, a
composer and violinist, born at Guadeloupe in 1745.
His mother was a mulatto. He was an expert fencer
He composed several operas. Died in Paris in 1799.

Saint-Georges, de, ( JULES HENRI VERNOY, ) a
French dramatist, born in Paris in 1801, published numer-
ous dramatic works and romances. Died Dec. 23, 1875.

Saint-Germain, saN'zheVmaN', COUNT, a notorious
adventurer, sometimes called THE MARQUIS DE BETMAR,
is supposed to have been a Portuguese. About 1770
he appeared at the Parisian court, where he made a
great sensation by his various accomplishments and
pretended skill in alchemy. He professed to be three
hundred and fifty years old, and to possess the elixir of
life and the philosopher's stone. Died in 1795.

See " Nachrichten vom Grafen Saint-Germain," 1780.

Saint-Germain, de, deh saN'zheVmiN', (CLAUDE
Lftuis,) COMTE, a French general, born near Lons-le-
Saulnier in 1707. He served as general in the Seven
Years' war, (1755-62,) and afterwards passed several
years in the Danish service, in which he obtained the
rank of field-marshal. He became minister of war in
France in 1775, and made important reforms in that
department. He resigned in 1777. Died in 1778.

See ABBS DE LA MONTAGNB, " Me'moires du Comte de Saint-
Germain," i77Q: "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale;" SISMONDI,
" Histoire des Francais."

Saint-Ger'man or Ger'main, (CHRISTOPHER,) an
English jurist, published a work entitled " The Doctor



i, e. T, 6, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, fi, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; m8t; n&t; good; m<5on;



SAINT-HAOUEN



2113



SAINT-JUST



and Student, or Dialogues between a Doctor of Divinity
and Student in the Laws of England," (1523, in Latin.)
Died in 1540.

Saint-Haouen, siN'Ai'woN', (Yvss MARIE GABRIEL
PIERRE Lecoat -leh-ko't',) BARON, born in Brittany in
1756, entered the navy at an early age, and served against
the English in several campaigns of the Revolution. He
was made an officer of the legion of honour in 1804, and
subsequently a rear-admiral. Died in 1826.

Saint-Hilaire. See GEOFFROV SAINT-HILAIRE.

Saiut-HUaire, saN'te'laR', JEAN HENRI,) sometimes
called JAUME SAINT-HILAIRE, a French botanist, born
at Grasse in 1772. A genus of composite plants was!
named Jaumea in his honour. Died in 1845.

Saint-Hilaire, (JULES BARTHELEMY.) See BARTHB-
LF.MY.

Saint-Hilaire, de, deh saN'te'liV, ( AUGUSTS,) a
French naturalist, born at Orleans in 1779, (some author-
ities say 1799,) spent six years in a botanical exploration
of Brazil, to which he went in 1816. His principal
works are his " Flora Brasilia: Meridionalis," (1825,
with 192 coloured plates,) "Travels in the Provinces
of Rio Janeiro and Minas Geraes," (1830,) "History of
the Most Remarkable Plants of Brazil and Paraguay,"
"Journey to the Diamond District of Brazil," (1833,) and
"Lectures on Botany," ("Lesons de Botanique," 1841.)
He became a member of the Institute in 1830. Died
in 1853.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Saint-Hilaire, de, (EmiLE MARC HILAIRE,) some-
times called MARCO DE SAINT-HILAIRE, a French
writer, born about 1790, became at an early age one
of the pages of the emperor Napoleon. He published
" Recollections of the Private Life of Napoleon," (1838.)
"History of the Imperial Guard," (1845,) and other
works illustrating the history of his time. Died 1887.

Saint-Hilaire, de, (Louis JOSEPH VINCENT LE-
BLOND,) a French general of division, born at Ribemont,
in Picardy, in 1766, served in the army of Napoleon in
Italy, and in the principal Austrian campaigns. He died
of a wound received at Essling in 1809.

Saint-Huberti, saN'/Su'beVte', (ANNE ANTOINETTE
CLAVEL,) a favourite French actress, born about 1756
She performed operas with great success in Paris. About
1 790 she was married to the Count d'Entraigues, who
became an exile in England. They were assassinated
near London in 1812.

Saint-Hyacinthe. See CHARRIERE, DE, (MADAME.)
Saint-Hyacinthe, siN'te'S'saNt', (HYACINTHE COR-
DONNIER,) called also CHEVALIER DE THEMISEUL, (deh
ti'me'zul', ) a French litterateur, born at Orleans in
1684. He wrote, besides other works, a satire called
"The Master-Piece of an Unknown Author," ("Le
Chef-d'CEuvre d'un Inconnu," 1714.) He was a Prot-
estant, and an adversary of Voltaire. Died in 1746.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" MM. HAAG, " La Franca
protestante."

Saintine, saN'ten', (the assumed name of JOSEPH
XAVIER Boniface,) a distinguished French writer, born
in Paris in 1798. He published dramas, poems, and
romances, a collection of philosophical stories, entitled
"Jonathan the Visionary," (1827,) and "History of the
Wars in Italy." His most popular work is the tale of
"Picciola," which received the Montyon prize in 1837,
passed through ten editions in eight years, and was trans-
lated into several languages. Died January 21, 1865.

Saint-Ives or Saint-Yves, saN'tev', (CHARLES,) an
eminent French oculist, born near Rocroy in 1667. His
principal work, entitled "New Treatise on Diseases of
the Eye," (1722,) was translated into English and Ger-
man. Died in 1733.

Saint-Jacques de Sylvabelle, de, deh saN'zhaV
deh sel'vi'be'l', (GuiLLAUME,) a French savant, and
director of the observatory at Marseilles, was born in
that city in 1722. He published numerous treatises on
mathematics, astronomy, etc. Died in 1801.

Saint-Jean, saN'zhON', (SlMON,) a French flower-
painter, born at Lyons in 1808 ; died July 3, 1860.
Saint John. See BOLINGBROKE.
Saint John, popularly called sin'jen, (BAYLE,) son



of James Augustus, noticed below, was born in London
in 1822. He published, among other works, "Adven-
tures in the Libyan Desert," " The Subalpine Kingdom,"
" Purple Tints of Paris," and " The Turks in Europe,"
(1853.) Died in 1859.

Saint John, (HORACE ROSCOE,) a son of J. A. Saint
John, was born in Normandy, July 6, 1832. He wrote
a " History of British Conquests in India, 1 ' (1852,) " His-
tory of the Indian Archipelago," (1853,) a "Life of
Columbus," etc. Died February 29, iSSS. His wife, a
grand-daughter of the historian William Roscoe, was
also a writer of some distinction.

Saint John, (JAMES AUGUSTUS,) a distinguished
writer and traveller, born in Caermarthenshire, in Wales,
about the beginning of the nineteenth century. He was
for a time associated with J. S. Buckingham as editoi
of the "Oriental Herald," for which he wrote a historj
of British dominion in India. Having visited Egypt
Malta, and Italy, he published in 1834 a " Description
of Egypt and Nubia." He wrote several other
works, including " History of the Manners and Cus-
toms of the Ancient Greeks," (3 vols., 1842,) and
two novels. Died in 1875.

Saint John, (JOHN PIERCE,) an American publi-
cist, was born at Brookville, Indiana, in 1833. He
took part in the civil war, becoming colonel, settled
in Kansas, was State senator 1873-74, Governor of
Kansas 1879-83, and candidate of the Prohibition
party for President 1884.

Saint John, (OLIVER,) an English judge and re-
publican, born in Bedfordshire about 1596, was an able
lawyer. He was elected to Parliament about 1628, and
became a leader of the country party. He was counsel
for Hampden in the Ship-money case, (1637,) and then
" delivered the finest argument that had ever been heard
in Westminster Hall." (Lord Campbell.) In 1640 he
became a member of the Long Parliament. According
to Lord Campbell, " he was the first Englishman that
seriously planned the establishment of a republican form
of government in this country." He was appointed
solicitor-general in 1641, and was influential in procuring
the condemnation of the Earl of Strafford. In 1648 he
became chief justice of the common pleas. He retained
th t position till the restoration, (1660.) He was ap-
pointed a member of Cromwell's House of Lords in
1657. His life was spared at the restoration, on condition
that he should never hold any office. He died in 1673.
Clarendon says "he was a man reserved, and of a
dark and clouded countenance, very proud, and con-
versing with very few." He was a great-grandfather of
Henry Saint John, Lord Bolingbroke.

See LORD CAMPBELL, "Lives of the Chief Justices," vol. i.

Saint John, (PERCY BOLINGBROKE,) an English
writer, a son of J. A. Saint John, already noticed, was born
at Plymouth, March 4, 1821. He travelled extensively
in various parts of the world, served in the Texan navy
and army, and then became a writer by profession.
Among his very numerous books are many novels, tales
for boys etc., also " Young Naturalist's Book of Birds,"
(1837,) "Three Days of February," (1847,) "The Arctic
Crusoe," etc. Died in 1889.

Saint John, (Sir SPENSER,) an English author, a
brother of P. B. Saint John, was born in London, De-
cember 22, 1826. He served in Borneo as a secretary to
the Rajah Brooke, and then as British consul-general,
and afterwards was sent successively as British minister
to Hayti and to Peru, in 1884 to Mexico, and in 1893
to Stockholm. His principal works are a " Life of
Sir James Brooke," " Life in the Forests of the Far
East," and " Hayti, the Black Republic."

Saint-Jullien, saN'zhu'leJ.N', <BARTHLEMI EM*,)
BARON, a French diplomatist, was patronized by Fran-
cis I., who employed him in several embassies. Died
in 1597.

Saint-Just. See FRETEAU.

Saint-Just, de, deh saN'zhust', (.\NTOINE Loui!
LEON ) a French revolutionist, born at Decize in 1767
or 1768, was an intimate friend of Robespierre, through
whose influence he became a member of the Nation*]



as k; <; as *,' g hard; g as/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasa



il; R, trilled; s as ; th as in MM. ( jgf~See Explanations, p. 23.
133



SAINT-JUST



2114



SAINT-MARTIN



Convention in 1792. He voted for the death of the king
without delay or appeal to the people, and distinguished
himself as one of the most violent of the Jacobin party.
He had a prominent part in the downfall of the Giron-
dists, and, as a member of the committee of public safety,
was sent with Lebas to the Rhine, where he established
the guillotine and put to death great numbers of the
people. Appointed president of the Convention in 1794,
he contributed mainly to the defeat of Danton's party,
and became, with Robespierre and Couthon, one of the
triumvirate of the reign of terror. He was involved
in the ruin of Robespierre and his associates, with whom
he was executed in July, 1794. He left a number of
political works.

See FLEURY, "Saint- Just et la Terreur," 2 vols., 1852: E. HA-
IIBL, "Histoire de Saint-Just," 1859; THIERS, " History of the
French Revolution :" LAMARTINK, " History of the Girondists ;
" Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Saint-Just, de, (C. GODARD d'Aucour do'kooR',)
BARON, a French dramatist, born in Paris in 1769, was
the author of tragedies, comedies, and comic operas.
Among the last-named the " Caliph of Bagdad" was
very successful. Died in 1826.

Saint-Lambert, de, den saNlon'baiR', (CHARLES
FRANCOIS,) MARQUIS, a French poet and infidel phi-
losopher, born at Ve'zelise, in Lorraine, in 1716 or
1717. He was a contributor to the " Encyclopedic,"
and an intimate friend of Voltaire, who commends his
poems in extravagant terms. The principal of these,
entitled "The Seasons," (1769,) procured for him ad-
mission to the French Academy. He also published
"Universal Catechism," (1798,) and other philosophical
works. Died in 1803.

See PUYMAIGRB, " Saint-Lambert," 1840 ; QUBKARD, " La France
Litteraire ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Genirale."

Saint-Laurent, saN'lo'roN', (NOMBRET, nAx'bRS',)
a French dramatist, published a number of popular
vaudevilles. Died in 1833.

Saint Leger, often pronounced sil'lj-jer or sil'lin-jer,
(BARRY,) a British soldier, who entered the army in 1756.
He served at Louisburg in 1758, and was with Wolfe at
Quebec. He co-operated with Burgoyne in the State
of New York in 1777, having the local rank of a briga
dier. Died in 1789.

Saint-Legier, de, deh saN'la'zhe-4', (JEAN GEORGES
LAURENT,) a French IMratrur, born'in the latter part
of the eighteenth century.

Saint Leonards, sent ISn'ardz, (EDWARD BURTEN-
SHAW SUGDEN,) BARON, an English jurist and statesman,
born in London in 1781. He became a member of Par-
liament for Weymouth in 1828, and in 1829 was appointed
solicitor-general under the Duke of Wellington, and made
a knight He was lord chancellor of Ireland from 1841 to
1846, and in 1852 was created a peer and lord chancellor
of England. Among his principal works are " Practical
Treatise on Powers," (1808,) "A Series of Letters to a
Man of Property on Sales, Purchases, Mortgages," etc.,
(1809,) and "Treatise on the Law of Property as admin-
istered in the House of Lords," (1849.) Died in 1875.

Saint-Leu, de, DUCHESSE. See HORTENSE BEAU

HARNAIS.

Saint-Lo, de, deh saN'lo', (ALEXIS,) a French Ca-
puchin friar, born in Normandy, visited America anc
Africa as a missionary, and published in 1637 an "Ac-
count of a Voyage to Cape Verd." Died in 1638.

Saint Loe, (Sir WILLIAM,) an English diplomatist,
born about 1520, was captain of the guard to Queen
Elizabeth, and held other important offices. Died about
1565.

Saint Louis. See Louis IX. OF FRANCE.

Saint-Luc, de, deh siN'liik', (FRANCOIS D'ESPINAY,;
a French soldier of the sixteenth century, was appointee
grand master of artillery by Henry IV. He was killec
at the siege of Amiens, in 1597.

Saint-Luc, de, (TIMOLEON D'ESPINAY,) a French
marshal, son of the preceding, was born about 1580
died in 1644.

Saint-Marc, de, deh saN'mSRk', (CHARLES HUGUES
LEFEBVRE,) a French writer, born in Paris in 1698. His
principal work is a " Chronological Abridgment of the



History of Italy from the Downfall of the Western
"mpire," (6 vols., 1761-70.) Died in 1769.

Saint-Marc, de, (JEAN PAUL ANDR dea Hasina


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 280 of 425)