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^ rt'zaN',) MARQUIS, a French lyric and dramatic poet,

x>rn in the province of Guienne in 1728. His opera

of " Adele de Ponthieu" met with brilliant success, and

.vas set to music by Piccini. Died in 1818.

Saint- Marc -Girardin, saN'mtRk'zhe'rla'daN', a
French writer and statesman, born in Paris in 1801. He
succeeded Guizot as professor of history in the Faculty
of Letters about 1830, and was appointed minister of
Miblic instruction in 1848. He published "A Course of
dramatic Literature," (1843,) "Essays on Literature and
VIorals," (1844,) and other works, and contributed to
he " Journal des Debats" and the " Revue des Deux
Mondes." He was elected to the French Academy in
1844. Died April i, 1873.

Saint-Mai ceaux, de, deh saN'miR'sc/, (RENfi,) (in
"ull, CHARLES RENE de Paul de Saint-Marceaux,) a
French sculptor, born at Rheims in September, 1845.
tie was a pupil of the Ecole des Beaux- Arts, and of
[ouffroy. His rich genius and remarkable versatility
lave given him a high rank among recent artists.

Saint-Marcellin, saN'mSRs'laN', (JEAN VICTOR,) a
French officer md. litterateur, born in 1791, served in the
Russian campaign of 1812. He fell in a duel in 1819,

Saint-Maid. See REMOND DE SAINT-MARD.

Saint-Mars, de, deh sin'maR', (GABRIELLE ANNA
Cisterne de Courtiras,) MARCHIONESS, a French
novelist, known in literature as THE COUNTESS DASH.
She was born at Poitiers, August 2, 1804, of a noble
family. She married very young, and reverses of fortune
compelled her to try a literary life. She produced an
enormous number of romances, mostly tales of high life
or of French history. She possessed an easy and graceful
style. Died in Paris, September II, 1872.

Saint-Marsan, de, deh saN'miR'sfiN', ( ANTOINI
MARIE PHILIPPE Asinari S'ze'nf re',) MARQUIS, born
at Turin in 1761, was appointed by Napoleon in 1809
minister -plenipotentiary to Berlin, and was subse-
quently minister of war under Victor Emanuel. Died
in 1828.

Saint-Martin, saN'miVtaN', (ANTOINE JEAN,) a
French Orientalist, born in Paris in 1791, was a disciple
of Silvestre de Sacy, through whose influence he became
in 1820 a member of the Academy of Inscriptions. He
was afterwards associated with Abel R^musat as editor
of the absolutist journal " L'Universel." He was the
author of several historical works, and published a
good edition of Lebeau's " Histoire du Bas-Empire,"
(21 vols., 1824-36.) Died in 1832.

Saint-Martin, (JEAN BAPTISTS Pasinato.) an
Italian savant, born in the province of Treviso in 1739,
published a. number of treatises on agriculture and
natural science. Died in 1800.

Saint-Martin, (VIVIEN,) a French geographer,
horn in 1802. He wrote various works on geography,
was editor of the " Annee Geographique," ( 1863-73,)
and of the " Nouveau Dictionnaire de Geographic
Universelle," (1876-0.6.) Died in 1897.

Saint-Martin, de, deh saN'mtR'taN', JEAN DIDIER,)
a French missionary to China, born in Paris in 1743,
translated into Chinese the " Imitation of Christ," and
other works. Died in 1801.

Saint-Martin, de, (Louis CLAUDE,) MARQUIS, a
French mystic, sometimes called "the Unknown Phi-
losopher," (" Le Philosophe inconnu,") was born at Am-
boise in 1743. He was a warm admirer of the writings
of Jacob Bohme, a number of which he translated into
French. Among Saint-Martin's principal works are his
treatise "On Errors and on Truth," (1775,) "Natural
View of the Relations which exist between God, Man
and the Universe," (1782,) "The New Man," (1792,)
and "On the Spirit of Things," (1800.) Died in 1803.
Chateaubriand characterized him as "a man of great

merit."

See GENCE, "Notice sur L. C. de Saint-Martin, 1824 : CARO,
" Kssai sur la Vie et la Doctrine de Saint- Mardn." 1852 : MATTBR,
" Saint-Martin, Ic Philosophe inconnu," 1862.



a. e, i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; moon;



SAINT-MARTIN



21 15



SAINT-PRIEST



Saint-Martin de la Motte, de, deh sa
deh IS mot, (FELIX,) COMTE, a Piedmontese jurist and
naturalist, born at Turin, was created by Napoleon a
count and senator. Died in 1818.

Saint-Maur. See DUPRB DE SAINT-MAUR.

Saint-Maurice, de, deh saN'mo'ress', (CHARLES
R. E.,) a French historian and novelist, born about 1796.
Among his works is a " History of the Crusades," (1824.)

Saint-Mauris, de, deh saN'mo'ress', QEAN,) a
French jurist, born at Dole about 1495, became pro-
fessor of law in his native city. Died in 1555-

Saint-Morys, de, deh saN'mo're', ? (TIENNE Bour-
gevin-Vialart booRzh'viN' ve'S'liu', ) COMTE, a
French writer, born in Paris in 1772, published several
political and miscellaneous works. Died in 1817.

Saint-Non, de, d?h saN'n6N', (JEAN CLAUDE RI-
CHARD,) ABBE, a French amateur artist, born in Paris
in 1727. He published in 1781 "Voyage pittoresque
de Naples et de Sicile," in 5 vols.. illustrated with fine
engravings. Died in 1791.

Saint-Olon. See PIDOU.

Saintouge, saN'toNzh', (LooiSE GENEVIEVE Gillot
zhe'yo',) born in 1650, was the author of dramatic
works and poems on various subjects. She was the
daughter of Madame de Gomez, also a distinguished
writer. Died in 1718.

Saint-Ours, de, deh saN'tooR', (JEAN PIERRE,) a
Swiss painter, born at Geneva about 1756; died in 1809.

Saint-Pard, de, deh saN'ptit', (PIERRE NICOLAS
van Blotaque vtn blo'ttk',) ABBE, born near Liege
in 1734, studied in Paris, where he was appointed hon-
orary canon. He wrote a number of religious works.
Died in 1824

Saint Paul, (the Apostle.) See PAUL, (SAINT.)

Saint-Paul, de. See SAINT-POL, DE.

Saint-Paul, de, d?h saN'pol', (FRANC.OIS PAUL BAR-
LETTI,) a French scholar, born in Paris in 1734, became
professor of belles-lettres at Segovia, in Spain, in 1770.
He was the author of several educational works. Died
in 1809.

See '* Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale.'

Saint-Pavin, de, deh saN'pi'vaN', (DENIS SANGUIN,)
a French poet, born in Paris, was a priest or abbe. His
works are chiefly sonnets, epistles, and epigrams. Died
in 1670.

Saint-Peravi, de, deh saN'peh-rl've', JEAN NICO-
LAS MARCELLIN GUERINEAU,) a French poet and mis-
cellaneous writer, born at Janville in 1732 ; died in 1789.

Saint-Pern, de, deh saN'pgRn', (BERTRAND,) a
French soldier, born in Brittany, was a friend and
companion-in-arms of the famous Du Guesclin. He
lived about 1330-60.

Saint-Pern, de, (JuDES VINCENT,) MARQUIS, a
French lieutenant-general, born in 1694, served in Flan-
ders under Marshal Saxe, and subsequently in the Seven
Years' war. Died in 1761.

Saint Philip, MARQUIS OF. See BACCALAR Y SANNA.

Saint-Pierre, de, deh siN'pe-aiR', (CHARLES IRE-
NEE CASTEL,) a French writer and priest, born near
Barfleur, in Normandy, in 1658, was a friend of Fon-
tenelle. He was eccentric and eminently benevolent
It is said that he was the first who used the word bicn-
faisance, (" beneficence.") In 1695 he was admitted into
the French Academy. He wrote a number of works on
politics, morality, and political economy. His favourite
hobby was a project to maintain perpetual peace by
a congress or European Diet. Having censured the
policy of Louis XIV. in his " Polysynodie," (1718,) he
was expelled from the Academy. J. J. Rousseau ex-
pressed the opinion that " he was an honour to his age
and to his species." Died in 1743.

See D'ALKMBERT, " filoge de 1'Abbi de Saint-Pierre," 1775 :
\LLHTZ, "Rfives d'un Homme de Bien, ouVues utiles et praticables
del'AbW de Saint- Pierre," 1775; GOUMV, "Etudes sur la Vie de
PAbbf de Saint-Pierre," 1861 ; PBEVOST-PARADOL, " Eloge de
1'Abbe 1 de Saint- Pierre;" MOLINARI, "L'Abbi de Saint- Pierre,"
1861.

Saint-Pierre, de, (EUSTACHE,) a noble citizen of
Calais, who, as Froissart relates, when that city was
besieged by Edward III. of England, offered himself
with five others to the English, on condition that the
rest of the inhabitants should be spared.



Saint-Pierre, de, (JACQUES HENRI Bernardin
bfu'ntR'daN',) a celebrated French writer, was born at
Havre on the igth of January, 1737. Having finished
his studies with distinction at the College of Rouen, he
entered the army as a military engineer, but he was soon
after dismissed the service for an act of insubordination.
He subsequently went to Russia, where he remained
four years, employed as an engineer. Having returned
to France in 1766, he obtained a commission as engineer
for the Isle of France. After a residence of three years
in that country, he set out in 1771 for Paris, where he
resolved to devote himself to literature, and formed an
intimacy with Rousseau and other distinguished writers
of the time. He published in 1773 his "Voyage to
the Isle of France," etc., and in 1784 his "Studies of
Nature," which was very favourably received. It was
followed in 1788 by the charming tale of "Paul and
Virginia," which passed rapidly through numerous edi-
tions and was translated into the principal languages
of Europe. Among his other works are " The Desires
of a Solitary," (" Les Voeux d'un Solitaire," 1789,]!
"The Indian Cottage," (1791,) " Harmonies of Nature,'
and "Essay on J. J. Rousseau." Saint-Pierre enjoyed
the patronage of Louis XVI., Joseph Bonaparte, and
the emperor Napoleon. He died in January, 1814. He
is regarded as one of the best prose writers of France,
and his " Paul and Virginia" is pronounced by a French
critic not only the chcf-cTmrvre of the author, but one
of the chefs-d'oeuvre of the language. He married a
daughter of Pierre F. Didot, book-publisher of Paris,
and had two children, named Paul and Virginie.

See Louis AIME-MARTIN, "Vie de Bernardin de Saint- Pierre,"
prefixed to his complete works, 12 vols., 1817-20, also. "Me'raoires
sur la Vie de B. de Saint-Pierre," 1826; PATIN, "filoge de B. do
Saint-Pierre," 1816: SAINTE-BBUVE, "Portraits litte'raires :" A.
FLEURY, "Vie de Bernardin de Saint-Pierre," 1844; " Nouvelle
Biographie G^neVale ;" " North American Review" for July, 1821,
(by A. H. EVERETT ;) " Monthly Review" for February and March.
1816.

Saint-Pol, de. See LUXEMBOURG, DE, (Louis.)

Saint-Pol, de, deh saN'pol', (ANTOINEMONTBETON,)
a French marshal of the sixteenth century, was an ad-
herent of the Guises, and took an active part in the
wars of the League. He was treacherously assassin-
ated by the Duke of Guise, son of Henry of Lorraine,
about 1594.

Saint-Pol or Saint-Paul, de, (FRANC.OIS de Bour-
bon- Vend6me deh booR'b6N' voN'dom',) COMTE, a
French soldier, born in Picardy in 1491, was a friend of
the Count of Angouleme, afterwards Francis I., whom
he accompanied in his principal military expeditions.
Died in 1545.

Saint-Prest or Saint-FrSt, de, deh slN'pRj', (JEAN
YVES,) a French jurist, was director of the political
academy founded at Paris in 1710 by M. de Torcy. He
wrote for the pupils of this institution a "History
of the Treaties made between the Different European
Powers, from the Reign of Henry IV. to the Peace of
Nymwegen, in 1679." Died in 1720.

Saint-Priest, de, deh saN'pRe'e'st', (ALEXIS,) COUNT,
a diplomatist and littlrattur, of French extraction, born
at Saint Petersburg in 1805, was a nephew of Guillaume
Emmanuel, noticed below. He was successively French
ambassador to Brazil, Portugal, and Copenhagen be-
tween 1833 and 1841. He wrote a " History of the Fall
of the Jesuits in the Eighteenth Century," (1844,) "His-
tory of the Conquest of Naples by Charles of Anjou,"
(1847,) which procured him admission to the French
Academy in 1849, and "Diplomatic and Literary
Studies," (1850.) Died at Moscow in 1851.

See DK BARANTE, " Notice sur M. le Corate A. de Saint-Priest,"
1852; "Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Saint-Priest, de, (EMMANUEL Louis MARIE Qui-
gnard gen'yf R',) VICOMTE, a general and diplomatist,
born in Paris in 1789, was a son of Fran9Ois Emmanuel,
noticed below. He fought in the Russian army at Aus
terlitz and Lutzen. He became French ambassador at
Berlin in 1825, and was minister at Madrid from 1827
to 1831. Died October 27, 1881.

See DE BARANTE, " Eitudes historiques et biographiques :" " Nou-
velle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Saint-Priest, de, (FRANC.OIS EMMANUEL,) COMTK, &



; 9 as s; g hard; g as/'; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; thasinMu. (83p=See Explanations, p.



SAINT-PRIEST



2116



SAINT-SIMON



French diplomatise and statesman, born at Grenoble in
'735> was employed before the Revolution in important
embassies to Portugal, Constantinople, and the Hague.
He succeeded Villedeuil as secretary of state or minister
of the interior in 1789, and resigned in December, 1790.
Died in 1831.

Saint-Priest, de, (GUILLAUME EMMANUEL,) COMTE,
son of the preceding, was born at Constantinople in 1776.
Having entered the Russian service, he fought against
the French at Austerlitz and in other engagements, and
obtained the rank of general. He was mortally wounded
at Rheims in 1814.

Saint-Prix, si.v'pRe', (JEAN AMABLE FOUCAULT,) a
French actor, born in Paris in 1759; died in 1834.

Saint-Prosper, de, deh saN pRos'paiR', (ANTOINE
JEAN CASSE,) a French journalist and political writer,
born in Paris in 1790; died in 1841.

SaintrailleB or Xaintrailles, de, deh saN'tall' or
saN'tkS'ye, (PoTON,) a French warrior, born about 1395,
fought for Charles VII. against the English, and became
marshal of France in 1454. Died in 1461.

Saint-Rambert, de, deh saN'r&VbaiR', (GABRIEL,)
a French philosopher of the school of Descartes, born
at Pontarlier, was the author of " Physical Explana-
tions of the First Chapter of Genesis," (1713.) Died
about 1720.

Saintre, de, deh saN'tRi', written also Xaintrd,
(JEAN or JEHAN,) a brave French soldier, born at
Vend6me in 1320, distinguished himself at the battle
of Poitiers, where he was severely wounded. Died
in 1368.

Saint-Real, de, deh siN'ra'il', (CtfsAR VICHARD,
sa'ijR' ve'shte',) ABBE, a distinguished historical writer,
born at Chambery, in Savoy, in 1639. He published
a treatise "On the Use of History," (1671,) the his-
torical romance of "Don Carlos," (1672,) a "History
of the Spanish Conspiracy against the Republic of
Venice in 1618," (1674,) and several other works. He
resided mostly in Paris, and was intimate with Hor-
tense Mancini. Died in 1692. His work on the
" Conspiracy against Venice" was ranked among the
cfufs-d'mfire of the French language by Voltaire, who
says that " his style is comparable to that of Sallust"
(" Siecle de Louis XIV.") A large part of this work
is fictitious.

See F. DI BAROLO, " Memorie spettanti alia Viu di Saint-Real,"
1788; NicrtaoN, "Memoircs;" MOK^RI, " Dictionnaire Histo-
rique;" " Nouvelle Biographic Generate, "

Saint-Remy, de, deh saN'ri'me', (PIERRE SURIREV,)
a French general, born about 1650, was the author of
" Memoirs of Artillery." Died in 1716.

Saint-Ruth, saN'rut', a French general, and perse-
cutor of the Huguenots, notorious for his cruelty. He
was sent to Ireland in 1691 as commander-in-chief of
the army which fought for James II., and was opposed
by General Ginkell. He was defeated and killed at
Aughrim in 1691.

See MACAULAY'S " History of England," vol. i*.

Saint-Saens, saN'sfiN', (CAMILLE,) a French com-
poser, pianist, and organist, born in Paris, October 9,
1835. He was educated at the Conservatoire of Paris,
and published some fine ballades, melodies, and masses,
besides " Samson and Dalila," a piece of marked merits.

Saint-Samson, de, deh siN'sfiN'sdN', (JKAM,) a
French Carmelite monk and devotional writer, who
became blind in infancy, was born at Sens in 1571 :
died in 1636.

Saint-Saphorin, de, deh saN'sffo'raN', (ARMAND
FRANCOIS Louis,) a French diplomatist, born in 1738,
entered the service of Frederick V. of Denmark, who
made him a privy councillor and conferred upon him
other distinctions. Died in 1805.

Saint-Silveatre, de, deh saN'sel'vfctR', QUSTE
Louis du Faure du for,) MARQUIS, a French lieu-
tenant-general, born in Paris in 1627. He served under
Turenne in 1672, and subsequently in the Spanish cam-
paign of 1693. Died in 1719.

Saint-Simon, de, deh sa.v'se'moN', ( CHARLES

FRANCOIS Vermandois de Rouvroy-Sandricourt

-vjR'moN'dwa' deh roo'vRwa' sdN'dre'kooR',) a French



prelate, born in Paris in 1727, became Bishop of Agd
and a member of the Academy of Inscriptions. He
was executed in 1794, by order of the Revolutionary
Tribunal.

Saint-Simon, de, (CLAUDE ANNE,) MARQUIS, a
French commander, born in 1743, entered the Spanish
service, and was created captain-general by Ferdinand
VII. Died about 1820.

Saint-Simon, de, (CLAUDE DE ROUVROY,) Due,
a French general, born in 1607, was the father of the
famous writer of Memoirs. Died in 1693.

Saint-Simon, de, (CLAUDE DE ROUVROY,) a French
prelate, of noble family, born in Paris in 1695, became
Bishop of Metz in 1733. Died in 1760.

Saint-Simon, sant si'mon, de, [Fr. pron. deh S!N'-
se'moN',] (CLAUDE HENRI,) COUNT, a famous French
socialist and philosopher, born in Paris in October,
1760, was a nephew of Charles Fransois, Bishop of
Agde, and a relative of the Due de Saint-Simon. He
was endowed with great energy of character. Having
entered the army young, he served under Washington
in the United States. After the end of the American
war he passed several years in travel. He took little
part in the French Revolution, but, in partnership with
Count de Redern, speculated in confiscated property.
They realized a large fortune ; but Redern appropriated
all of it except $30,000. Saint-Simon entertained or
professed a conviction that his mission was to be a social
reformer, for which he qualified himself by various
studies. In 1801 he married Mademoiselle de Champ-
grand, whom he divorced in 1802 because he wished to
marry Madame de Stael ; but she declined his offer. He
soon dissipated his money in projects, experiments, etc.
In 1807 he published an " Introduction to the Scientific
Labours of the Nineteenth Century." With the aid
of his disciple Augustin Thierry, he produced " The
Reorganization of European Society," (1814.) Among
his most remarkable works is " New Christianity,"
(" Nouveau Christianisme," 1825,) in which he maintains
that Christianity is progressive. His doctrines exerted
great influence in France, and attracted many eminent
disciples, among whom were Auguste Comte, Michel
Chevalier, Hyppolite Carnot, and O. Rodrigues. He
died in 1825. After his death, Bazard, Rodrigues, and
Enfantin were chief priests of the Saint- Simonian sect,
which was very numerous until divergent tendencies
produced its dissolution.

1847; G



See VILLENAVK, "Histoire du Saint-Simonisme,"

HUBBARD, "Saint-Simon, sa Vie el ses Travaux," 1857; ,

"Galerie desContemporains,"vol. x. : F. W. CAROVB\ "Der Saint-
Simomsmus," etc., 1831 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Generate ;" " Doc-
Tines of Saint-Simon," in "Quarterly Review" lor July, 1831, (by
SOUTHKY;) "Westminster Review" for July, 1863.

Saint-Simon, de, (HENRI JEAN VICTOR DE ROU-
VROY,) MARQUIS, a French general and statesman, born
at Prereuil in 1782. He served under Marshal Ney in
Spain, and in 1820 was appointed minister-plenipoten-
tiary to Copenhagen. He was afterwards created lieu-
tenant-general and senator, and obtained the grand cross
of the legion of honour. Died March 19, 1865.

Saint-Simon, de, (Louis DE ROUVROY,) Du:, a
celebrated French writer and diplomatist, born in 1675.
He entered the army at an early age, and took part in
several important engagements under Marshal Luxem-
bourg. At the court of Louis XIV., who had never
regarded him with favour, Saint-Simon became a partisan
of the Duke of Orleans and an opponent of the legiti-
mate princes. He was also a zealous Jansenist and friend
of Fenelon. After the death of the king he was appointed
by the regent Orleans one of his council, and in 1721 was
sent to Spain to negotiate the marriage of Louis XV.
with the Infanta. Though unsuccessful in this affair, he
was made a knight of the Golden Fleece, and obtained
other distinctions. On the death of the regent, Saint-
Simon applied himself to the composition of his "Me'-
moires," portions of which were first published in 1788.
A complete edition came out in 1830, entitled "Complete
and Authentic Memoirs of the Duke of Saint-Simon on
the Age of Louis XIV. and the Regency," (20 vols.)
They are distinguished by great independence of though:
and expression, fearless satire, and fine delineation of
character, and rank among the most valuable and attract-



*, e, !, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, J>, sAori; a, e, j, Q, obscure; far. fill, fit; met; not; good; rnonn:



SAINT-SIMON



2117



SALADIN



lye works of the kind. An abridged English version wan
published by Bayle Saint John in 1857. Died in 1755.

See A. LsFAvRH-PoNTALis, " Discours sur la Vie et les CEuvrei
de Saint-Simon," 1855; SAINTS- BHUVB, "Causeries du Lundi;" V.
TRHMBLAV, " Biographic du Ducde Saint-Simon," 1850 ; " Nouvelle
Biographic GeneVale;" "Foreign Quarterly Review" for January,
1832 ; " Eraser's Magazine" for November, 1857.

Saint-Simon, de, (MAXIMILIEN HENRI,) MARQUIS,
a French litterateur, born about 1720, was a brother of
Charles Frai^ois, Bishop of Agde. He published sev-
eral historical works, and translated Pope's "Essay on
Man." Died neai Utrecht in 1799.

Saint-Sorlin. See DESMARETS DE SAINT-SORLIN.

Saint-TJrain, de, den sSN'tii R'saN', (MARIE,) a French
physician and medical writer, born at Chartres in 1763;
died in iSiS.

Saint- Venant, de, deh slN'veh-noN', MADAME, a
French novelist, born in the eighteenth century ; died
in 1815.

Saint- Victor, de, deh saN'vek'toR', (JACQUES BEN-
JAMIN BINSSE,) COMTE, a French litterateur, born in
1772. He published various works in prose and verse,
and translated the Odes of Anacreon into verse, (1810.)
Died in 1858.

Saint- Victor, de, (PAUL,) COUNT, a French authoi
and critic, born in Paris in 1827. He was educated at
Freiburg and at Rome. He early acquired a high repu-
tation as a dramatic critic and stylist. He published
" Hommes et Dieux," (1867,) "Les Femmes de Goethe,"
(1869,) and " Les deux Masques," a history of the stage,
(vol. i., 1880.) He was a brilliant writer, but was deficient
in breadth of view and in knowledge of his subjects.
Died in 1881.

Saint- Victor, de, (WALTER,) a mystic and scholastic
philosopher and theologian, who taught at the abbey of
Saint-Victor, in Paris, near the end of the eleventh cen-
tury. He was the immediate successor of RICHARD DE
SAiNl'-VlCTOR, (q. v.,) and more remotely of the great
HUGH DE SAINT-VICTOR, (q. v.,) and was an enemy of the
dialecticians. These three teachers and their followers
are known as "the Victorines."

Saint- Vincens, de, deh siN'viN'soN', (ALEXANDRE
JULES ANTOINE Pauris fo'ress',) son of the following,
was born at Aix in 1750. He made large additions to
the valuable collection of medals formed by his father,
and wrote numerous treatises on numismatics and the
ancient monuments of France. Died in 1819.

Saint- Vincens, de, QULES FRANC.OIS PAUL FAU-
RIS,) a French antiquary, born at Aix in 1718, published
several treatises on numismatics. Died in 1798.

Saint Vincent, EARL OF. See JERVIS, (JoHN.)

Saint- Vincent, siN'vaN'soN', (GREGORY,) a Flemish
mathematician, born at Bruges in 1584, was a pupil of
Clavius. His " Opus Geometricum Quadrature Circuli,"
etc. (1647) is highly commended by Montucla. Died in
1667.

Saints'bur-y, (GEORGE EDWARD BATEMAN,) an
English author, born at Southampton in 1845, and
educated at King's College, London, and Merton
College, Oxford. He became professor of English
literature at Edinburgh in 1895, after gaining a high
reputation as a critical writer. Among his works are
"History of Elizabethan Literature," (1887,) " Es-
says on French Novelists," (1891,) "The Flourishing
of Romance and Rise of Allegory," (1897,) etc.

Saisaet, s^'sj', (MILE EDMOND,) a French philo-
tophical writer, born at Montpellier in 1814. He became
in 1856 professor of the history of philosophy at the
Sorbonne. Among his principal works is a complete
history of skepticism, entitled "jEn^sideme," (1840;)
he also contributed to the " Dictionnaire, des Sciences
philosophiques" and to other periodicals a number of
philosophical essays of great merit. Died in 1863.

Saiaseval, de, deh sls'vil', (CLAUDE Louis,) MAR-
QUIS, born in 1754, attained the rank of mare'chal-de-
camp in the French army. He wrote a number of
treatises on politics and finance. Died about 1820.

Saissy, s^'se', (JEAN ANTOINE,) a French surgeon
nd anatomist, born near Grasse, in Provence, in 1756;
died in 1822.



Saiva, written also Shaiva, the name applied by
the Hindoos to the worshippers of SIVA, which see.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 281 of 425)