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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Saix,du,dus4, (Lat. SAXA'NUS,] (ANTOINE,) a French
ecclesiastic, born at Bourg in 1515, wrote several re-
ligious and moral works. Died about 1579.

Sakatayana, sa-ka-tl'ya-na, a very ancient Sanscrit
grammarian, quoted by PJnini. His writings are believed
to be lost Another grammarian of this name was a
Jain, of rather recent but uncertain date. His writings
are extant.

Sakawee, (Sakawi,) si-kj'wee, ? written also Sa-
kavi, an Arab writer of the fourteenth century, was the
author of a "History of Great Men from 1340 to 1383."
Sakoontala, or Sakuntala, sj-koon'ta-la,,in Hindoo
mythology, was the daughter of the sage Viswamitra,
(q. v.,) and of Menaka, a water-nymph or Apsara, (q. v.)
She became the wife of Dushyanta, (q. v.,) and mother
of the great Bhirata. (See MAHABHARATA.) Her ro-
mantic story, dramatized by the poet KSlidilsa, (q. v.,) is
perhaps the finest product of Hindoo genius. (See
translation by Prof. Monier Williams.)

SAJCTfur SHA K 7 Tf, written also SACTf, [modern
Hindoo pron. suk'tee or shuk'tee,] a Sanscrit word de-
noting " power" or " energy," often applied in the Hindoo
mythology to the wives or consorts of the chief deities ;
or, to speak more definitely, the power of each of the
male deities was supposed to be personified in his consort.
Thus, Lakshmi was the Sakti (" power" or "energy") of
Vishnu ; PSrvati or Kali was the Sakti of Siva : and so on.
Sakya Muni or Sakya Singha. See GAUTAMA.
Sala, sJ'la, (ANGIOLO,) an Italian chemist, born at
Vicenza, flourished about 1610-40. He lived in Holland
from 1613 to 1617, removed to Hamburg about 1620,
and became physician to the Duke of Mecklenburg about
1632. He wrote numerous chemical works, which were
highly commended by Haller. They were published
collectively in 1647, under the title of "Opera Medicn-

Sala, (GEORGE AUGUSTUS,) an English litterateur,
born in London in 1827. He contributed numerous arti-
cles to " Household Words," and among his books
are "Twice round the Clock, or the Hours of the
Day and Night in London," (1859,) " The Baddington
Peerage," (1860,) and several other novels, and
various books of travel, including " Rome and
Venice," (1869,) "America Revisited," (1882,)
" Right around the World," (1888,) etc. His latest
works were "Things I have Seen," (1894,) and
" Life and Adventures," (1895.) Died December 8,

Sala, (NICCOL6,) an Italian composer and writer on
music, born at Naples about 1702. He produced "Re-
gole del Contrapunto pratico," (1794.) Died in 1800.

Sala, (ViTALE,) an Italian painter, born near Cano in
1803 ; died in 1835.

Salaberry, de, deh si'lS'b^'re', (CHARLES MARIE
d'Yrumberry de'ruN'b^'re',) COMTE, a French roy-
alist, born in Paris in 1766, became a member of the
Chamber of Deputies in 1815. He was afterwards as-
sociated with ChSteaubriand as editor of the " Conser-
vateur." He published several political and historical
works, and was a contributor to the " Biographic
Universelle." Died in 1847.

Sal'a-din, [Fr. pron. sS'lS'din',] the common English
and French form of Salah-ed-Deen or Salah-eddln
si'laH ed-deen', i.e. the " Integrity of the Faith," [Lat
SALADI'NUS; It. SALADINO, si-15-dee'no,] L, (Malek-
Ntsir-Yooauf, (or -Youaouf,) mil'ek nl'sjr yoo'-
soof,) a famous Sultan of Egypt, born at the castle of
Tekrit, on the Tigris, in 1137, was a son of Aiyoob, a
Koord, who had a high rank in the army of Noor-ed-
Deen. In 1168 he became vizier of Egypt, then under
Noor-ed-Deen. Saladin, however, refused to obey him,
and assumed the sovereign power. After the death of
Noor-ed-Deen, ( 1 1 73,) he made himself master of South-
ern Syria. His ambitious efforts to extend his conquests
soon brought him into collision with the Christians of
Palestine, whom he defeated in the great battle of Tibe-
rias or Hitten in July, 1187. Jerusalem surrendered to

as k; 9 as * ; g hard; g as/'; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in this.

lanations, p. 23 J




Saladin in October of the same year. His victorious
progress was arrested by the armies of the third crusade,
led "by Richard I. of England and Philip Augustus of
France. The crusaders commenced in 1 189 the memo-
rable siege of Acre, which was defended by Saladin with
great valour, but was taken in July, 1191. He excited
the admiration even of his enemies by his chivalrous
spirit and magnanimity. In September, 1192, Saladin
and Richard Cosur de Lion suspended hostilities by a
truce of three years. The former remained master of
Jerusalem. He treated with humanity the numerous
Christian prisoners that fell into his power. He died at
Damascus in March, 1 193, leaving three or more sons,
among whom his vast dominions were divided.

See ABOOLFEDA, " Life of Saladin ;" BOHADIN, " Saladini Vita el
Res gestz;"M AKIN, "Histoirede Saladin," ivols., 1763; RHINAUD,
"Notice sur la Vie de Saladin," 1824: A. SCHULTBNS, "Saladini
Vita," 1755; WEIL, "Geschichte der Chalifen," vol. iii. ; MICHAUD,
' History of the Crusades ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Saladin or Salah-ed-Deen IL, Sultan of Aleppo
born in 1229, was a great-grandson of the preceding.
His dominions were invaded by the Mongols, who took
Aleppo in 1260. Saladin was killed by Hoolagoo, the
chief of the Mongols, in 1261.

Saladin, sflrdaN', (JEAN BAPTISTE MICHEL,) a
French lawyer, was a member of the Convention, (1792-
95,) and opposed the excesses of the Jacobins. Died
in 1813.

Saladin, (NICOLAS JOSEPH,) a French mathematician,
born at La Basse'e in 1743. He became professor of
mathematics and physics at Douai in 1792. Died in

Saladino. See SALADIN.

Saladinus. See SALADIN.

Salagny, de, deh si'lin'ye', (GEOFFROI,) a French
jurist, born in 1316; died in 1374.

Salah-ed-Deen, (or -eddin.) See SALADIN.

Salai, sa-H', or Salaino, si-li'no, (ANDREA,) an
Italian painter, of remarkable personal beauty, was born
at Milan about 1475. He was a pupil of Leonardo da
Vinci, whom he frequently served as a model. He pro-
duced several admired works in the style of Da Vinci

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters ;" LANZI, " History of Paint-
ing in Italy."

Salamanca, sa-la-man'ki, (ANTONIO,) an Italian
dealer in prints, flourished at Rome about 1540-50. He
published many engravings, and is supposed to have
engraved a " Pieti" of Michael Angelo.

Salamee or Salami, sa-la'mee, (Abool-Hassan-
Mohammed,) an Arab poet, born at Bagdad in 915 ;
died in 1002.

Salamon, de, deh sa"li'm6N', (Louis SIFREIN JO-
SEPH FONCROSE,) a French ecclesiastic, born at Carpen-
tras in 1759, was appointed Bishop of Belley in 1817,
and of Saint-Flour in 1823. Died in 1829.

Salandri,sa-lan'dRee, (PELLEGRINO,) an Italian poet,
born at Reggio in 1 723. He wrote sonnets and other
short poems, the style of which is said to be pure and
elegant Died in 1771.

Salas, sa'lls, (GREGORio FRANCISCO,) a Spanish pas-
toral poet, born in Estremadura in 1740; died in 1808.

Salat, sJ'lit, (JAKOB,) a German philosopher and
Catholic priest, born at Abbtsgmiind in 1766. He be-
came professor of moral philosophy at Landshut in
1807, and published numerous works on philosophy,
psychology, etc. Died in 1851.

Salat, si-lat', (Don JOSE,) a Spanish jurist and writer,
born at Cervera in 1762 ; died about 1828.

Salaville, st'li'vtl', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French
writer, born at Saint-Leger in 1755, published an
"Essay on Duelling," and several political works.
Died in 1832.

Salaza, de, da sa-la'tha, (CASTRO Luis,) historiogra-
pher of Charles II. of Spain, lived about 1680. He
published, among other works, a " Genealogical History
of the House of Silva," (1685.)

Salazar, de. See MENDOZA, OE, (PEDRO.)

Salazar y Torres, de, di sa-la-thaR' e tor'reX (Au-
GUSTIN,) a Spanish poet, born at Soria in 1642. He
wrote comedies, one of which is entitled " Segunda
Celestina," and lyric poems. Died in 1675.

Saldanha Oliveira e Daun, sal-dan'yj o-lfi-vaVrJ
a down, (JoXo CARLOS,) DUKE OF, a Portuguese states-
man and marshal, was born at Arinhaga about 1791. He
was a grandson of the famous Marquis de Pombal. In
1825 he was appointed minister of foreign affairs, and
subsequently minister of war under Dom Pedro. After
the breaking out of the insurrection at Oporto, he
became conjointly with Palmella commander-in-chief
of the constitutional army. With the assistance of the
Duke of Terceira, he gained several victories over th
Miguelists in 1833. He was prime minister from 1851
to June, 1856. He recovered power by a coup fltat in
May, 1870. Died at London, November 21, 1876.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Salden, sal'den, [ Lat SALDE'NUS, ] ( WILLEM, ) a
Dutch theologian, was a native of Utrecht He pub-
lished a number of learned works in Latin and Dutch.
Died in 1694.

Saldenus. See SALDEN.

Saldern, von, fon sil'dRn, (FRIEDRICH CHRISTOPH,)
a Prussian general and skilful tactician, born in 1719,
served in the Seven Years' war. He published "In-
fantry Tactics," and other military works. Died in 1785.

Sale, (GEORGE,) an English Orientalist, born in 1680.
His principal work is an excellent English translation
of the Koran, (1734,) with explanatory notes from the
most approved commentators. He also contributed to
the "Universal History" edited by Swinton and others,
and to the "General Dictionary" published in London
in 1734. Died in 1736.

Sale, (Sir ROBERT HENRY,) an eminent British gene-
ral, born in 1782. He became a captain in 1806, and a
major in 1813. After he had served many years in Ind^a,
he gained distinction in the Afghan war, which began
about 1838, and became a major-general in 1840. He
commanded the army which stormed the Khoord Cabool
Pass in 1841, and defended Jelalabad in a long siege,
from November, 1841, till April, 1842. For his conduct
at the capture of Cabool he was knighted. He was killed
in a battle against the Sikhs at Mookee in 1845.

Bale-Bar'ker, (Lucv, nit Davies,) a British author-
ess, born in 1841. She was a niece of the Earl of Perth,
and her first husband was a Colonel Villiers. She has
published many books, chiefly for the younp;

Saleh-Ibn-Nahala. See SALIH-!BN-NAHALA.

Salel, si'ljl', (HuGUES,) a French poet and ecclesi-
astic, born in 1504, was patronized by Francis I.

Salemon or Salmon, siTmoN', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a
French litterateur, born at Nancy in 1744; died in 1814.

Salemon, sa-la-m6n', or Salmon, sal-m6n', (Don
MANUEL GONZALES,) a Spanish statesman, born at
Cadiz in 1778, was employed in important missions to
Portugal, France, and Saxony, and was appointed by
Ferdinand VII., in 1830, first secretary of state, and
minister of foreign affairs. Died in 1832.

Salerne, sfliRn', (FRANC.OIS,) a French physician
and naturalist, born at Orleans, translated Ray's " Orni-
thology." Died in 1760.

Sales, de, deh sal, (CHARLES,) brother of the fol-
lowing, was born at Thorens in 1625. In 1665 he was
appointed by Louis XIV. Viceroy of Saint Christopher
and the adjacent islands. He was killed in an engage-
ment with the English in 1666.

Sales, de, (CHARLES AUGUSTS,) nephew of Saint
Francis de Sales, born in Savoy in 1606, became Bishop
and Prince of Geneva. He wrote "The Life of Saint
Francis de Sales," (in Latin and French,) and other
works. Died in 1660.

Sales, de, deh stl or sj'lfa, [sometimes Anglicized
in pron. as salz,] (Saint FRANCIS,) an excellent bishop
and writer, Ijorn at Sales, in Savoy, on the 2ist of
August 1567, was a son of the Count de Sales. He
entered the College of the Jesuits, in Paris, in 1578,
and studied Greek, with philosophy and theology. He
afterwards studied law at Padua, where he also became
a pupil of Antonio Possevino. Having resolved tu
renounce the world, he was ordained a priest in 1593.
and became not only an eloquent preacher but a model
of humility and other Christian virtues. He was soon
employed as a missionary among the Calvinists of Ge-

e, 1,0, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, \i,y,sAort; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fat; mSt; n8t; good; moon:




neva and Chablais, many of whom he is said to have
converted. About 1602 he visited Paris and preached
before Henry IV. He was appointed Bishop of Geneva
in 1602. He enforced strict discipline, reformed the
monasteries, and abounded in works of charity to the
poor. In 1608 he published an "Introduction to a
Religious Life," which was highly esteemed. He was
offered the dignity of a cardinal, but he declined it.
Among the eminent persons converted by him was
Marshal Lesdiguieres. He wrote, besides other works,
a "Treatise on the Love of God," ("Traite de 1'Amour
de Dieu," 1616.) He died at Lyons in December, 1622,
and was canonized in 1665.

See " Histoire de Francois de Sales," by his nephew. CHARLKS
Saint- Francois de Sales," 1641 ; Louis DB LA RIVIERE, "Vie dc 13.
Francois de Sales," 1634 ; GALLIZIA, " La Vita di S. Francesco lie
Sales," 1711; MARSOLLIER, "Vie dc Saint-Francois de Sales,"
1700, (and English version of the same, 1737;) RKNSING, "Lebeiti
geschichte des heiligen Franz von Sales," 1818.

Sales, de, (Louis,) a Catholic theologian, born in
Savoy in 1564, was a cousin of the celebrated Saint
Francis de Sales. Died in 1625.

Sales, de, (Louis,) COMTE, a brother of Saint Fran-
cis de Sales, was born in Chablais in 1577. He served
as general of the army of the Duke of Savoy. His
character is represented as excellent. Died in 1654.

See BUFPIER, " Vie de Louis de Sales," 1718.

Salfi, sal'fee, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian philosopher
and littlratrur, born at Cosenza, in Calabria, in 1759.
He became professor of history and philosophy at Milan
in 1800, and subsequently of public law. He published
a number of dramas, among which are " Medea," " Ido-
meneo," and " Saul," and critical essays, and wrote a
continuation of Ginguene's " Literary History of Italy,"
(1834.) He was also a contributor to the " Biographie
Universelle." Died near Paris in 1832.

See ANGELO RENZI, " Me"moire sur la Vie politique et litte'raire de
F. Salfi," 1832 : L. GRECO, " Vita letteraria ossia Analisi delle Opere
di F. Salfi," 1839.

Salgues, silg, (JACQUES BARTHELEMY,) a French
litterateur and journalist, born at Sens about 1760.
Among his works is " Memoirs towards the History of
France under Napoleon," (9 vols., 1814-28.) Died in

Salian, st'le'&N', (JACQUES,) a French Jesuit, born in
1557, was rector of the College of Besancon. He wrote
"Ecclesiastical Annals," (in Latin.) Died in 1640.

Salicet. See SALICETO.

Saliceti, sa-le-cha'tee, (AURELIO,) an Italian jurist,
born in the Abruzzo in 1804, filled several important
offices under the government. Died in 1862.

Saliceti, [Fr. pron. si'le'sl'te',] (CHRISTOPHE,) born
at Bastia, in Corsica, in 1757, was a deputy to the French
National Convention in 1792, and voted for the death oi
the king. He was subsequently a member of the Coun-
cil of Five Hundred, and minister of war at Naples under
Joseph Bonaparte. Died in 1809.

See "Nouvelle Biographie Ge'ne'rale."

Saliceto, sa-le-cha'to, [Lat PLACENTI'NUS ; Fr.
SALICET, st'le'si',] (GUGLIELMO,) an Italian physician,
born at Piacenza, was the author of a treatise " On Sur-
gery," (1476,) and other medical works, in Latin, which
were highly esteemed in his time. The celebrated Lan-
franc was one of his disciples. Died in 1280.

Salieri, sa-le-a'ree, (ANTONIO,) a celebrated Italian
composer, born at Legnano, in the Venetian States, in
1750. He studied under Gassmann at Vienna, where
he made the acquaintance of Gluck, at whose request
he composed the opera of " Les Danai'des," for the Royal
Academy of Music in Paris. This work was received
with the greatest favour, and was followed by " La Grotta
de Trofonio," "Tarare," "Assur Roi d'Ormus," and
other popular operas. Died in 1825.

See MOSBL, " Life and Works of Salieri," (in German,! 1827 :
FETIS, " Biographie Universelle des Musiciens :" " Nouvelle Bio-
fraphie Ge'ne'rale."

Salies or Saliez, de, deh si'le-i', (ANTOINETTE
SALVAN,) a French authoress, born at Alby in 1638.
Her works comprise poems, historical romances, and
religious essays. Died in 1730.

Salignac, de, deh sflen'ySk', (BERTRAND,) a French
diplomatist, was a great-uncle of the illustrious Fenelort
He was ambassador at London from 1572 to 1575, ana
was afterwards sent on a mission to Madrid by Henry
IV. Died in 1599.

Salih-Ibn-Nahala, sa'lin Ib'n ni'ha-la, sometimes
written Salih- (or Saleh-) Ben-Bahleh, a celebrated
physician of Bagdad, lived in the reign of Haroun-al-
Raschid. According to Abulpharagius, (Aboolfaraj,) he
was a native of India.

Salimbeni, sa-lem-ba'nee, written also Salimbene,
(ARCANGIOLO,) an eminent Italian painter, born about
1536, was a native of Sienna.

Salimbeni, (VENTURA,) a painter, a son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Sienna in 1557. He executed a
number of fine frescos at Rome. Among his works is
"Abraham and the Angels." He is sometimes called
BEVILACQUA, after his patron the cardinal of that name.
Died in 1613.

See LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy;" TICOZZI, "Dizio-
nario. "

Salinas, de, da sa-lee'nas, (FRANCISCO,) a Spanish
musician and writer on the theory of music, was born at
Burgos about 1512, and was blind from his infancy. He
published in 1577 his celebrated treatise "De Musica,"
in seven books. Died in 1590.

Salinas y Cordova, de, di sa-lee'nls e koR'do-vi,
(BONAVENTURA,) a Franciscan monk, born at Lima, in
Peru, became vicar-general of his order for the provinces
of New Spain, Florida, and the Philippines. Died in
1653. His brother DIEGO was historiographer of his
order in South America.

Sal-I-na'tor, (M. Lrvius,) a Roman general, was
consul with L, jEmilius Paulus in 219 B.C. He was
again elected consul in 207, as a colleague of C. Claudius
Nero, who was his personal enemy. The consuls, how-
ever, cc-operated in opposing the Carthaginian invaders,
and gained a decisive victory over Hasdrubal on the
Metaurus, (207 B.C.) He became censor in 204 E.G.,
and put a tax on salt : hence his surname SALINATOR.

Salins, de, deh si'liN', (HuGUES,) a French phy-
sician and antiquarian writer, born at Beaune in 1631 ;
died in 1710.

Salio, sa'le-o, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian littlrateur, born
at Padua in 1700. His principal work is a sacred poem
on the Messiah. Died in 1737.

Sails, de, deh sf'less', (CHARLES ULYSSE,) a Swiss
writer, born at Marschlins in 1728. He was appointed
French minister for the Grisons in 1768. He published
several historical works. Died in 1800.

Sails, de, deh st'less', (RODOLPHE ANTOINE HU-
BERT,) BARON, born in 1732, entered the French service,
and obtained the rank of marechal-de-camp. Died in

Sails, de, (TATIUS RODOLPHE GILBERT,) a French
royalist, born in Lorraine in 1752, became a member of
the Chamber of Deputies for Ardennes. Died in 1820.

Sails, de, (ULYSSE,) BARON, a Swiss soldier and
writer, born in 1594, distinguished himself at the siege
of La Rochelle and in other important engagements.
He died in 1674, leaving a collection of "Memoirs,"
written in Italian, which are highly commended by

Salisbury, EARL OF. See CECIL, (ROBERT.)

Salisbury, (JOHN OF,) THE ELDER. See JOHN OF

Salisbury, saulz'ber-e, (JOHN OF,) THE YOUNGER,
an English Jesuit, born about 1575, translated several
religious works into Welsh, Died in 1625.

Salisbury, (RICHARD ANTHONY,) an English bot-
anist, born in 1762, contributed a number of treatises
to the " Acts" of the Unnaean Society, of which he
was a member.

Salisbury, (ROBERT ARTHUR TALBOT Gascolgne-
Cecil,) MARQUIS OF, an eminent British statesman, born
at Hatfield in 1830. He was educated at Eton, and at
Christ Church, Oxford, where he graduated in 1853, and
was chosen a Fellow of All Souls' College. He sat in
Parliament for Stamford, 1853-68. He was for many
years known as Lord ROBERT CECIL, and from 1865 to
1868 was by courtesy called Viscount CRANBOURNE.

as; 9 an %hard; gas/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; I as a; thasinMi'/.

Explanations, p. 23.



He was secretary for India, 1866-67, and again, 1874-76.
In 1876 he was special ambassador to the Porte, and was
practically the leader of the Conference of Constanti-
nople. In 1878 he was appointed foreign secretary, and,
with Lord Beaconsfield, took a prominent part in the
Congress of Berlin. He was after Beaconsfield's death
the principal leader of the Conservatives in the House
of Lords. In June, 1885, he became prime minister
for a brief period, and in August, 1886, again took
office. He was defeated in the election of 1892, but
after the fall of the Rosebery administration in 1895
Lord Salisbury became for the third time prime min-
ister, holding office through the Egyptian war of 1896
and the Transvaal war of 1900.

Salisbury or Saleabury, saulz'ber-e, ? (WILLIAM,)
a Welsh writer, born in Denbighshire, published a
" Dictionary in English and Welsh," (1547,) and assisted
Bishop Davies in translating the New Testament into
Welsh. He also translated into that language the Lit-
urgy of the Church of England.

Salis-Seewis, sa'lis sa'wis or si'less' sa'vess', (Jo-
HANN GAUDENZ,) BARON, born at Malans, (or Seewis,)
in Switzerland, in 1762, published a collection of lyric
poems, (in German.) He was an intimate friend of the
poet Matthisson. Died in 1834.

Salivahana, sa-le-va'ha-na, a Hindoo prince of
Southern Behar, (Bahar.) He instituted the era which
bears his name, and of which the first year corresponds
with the year 78 A.D.

Sall4, si^li', (JACQUES ANTOINE,) a French jurist,
born in Paris in 1712, was the author of "Spirit of the
Statutes of Louis XV.," and other legal works. Died
in 1778.

Salle, de la, d?h 15 sil, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French
ecclesiastic, born at Rheims in 1651, was founder of the
Institution of Brethren of the Christian Schools, having
for its object the gratuitous instruction of the poor. Died
in 1719.

Salle, de la, (PHILIPPE,) an ingenious French artisan
and mechanician, born at Seyssel in 1723. He obtained
in 1783 a gold medal for his improvements in the silk-
loom. Died in 1804.

Salle de Letang, de la, deh 11 sfl deh IVtoN', (Si-
MON PHILIBERT,) a French agricultural writer, born at
Rheims about 1700; died in 1765.

Salle, La. See LA SALLE.

Sallengre, sal-le'ng'Greh, ? (ALBERT HENDRIK,) a
Dutch writer, born at the Hague in 1694. He pub-
lished, among other works, a " New Treasury of Roman
Antiquities," (3 vols., 1716-19,) and was a contributor
to the " Literary Journal of the Hague." He died in
1723, leaving a "History of the United Provinces for
the Year 1621," which came out in 1728.

See NICERON, "Mimoires."

Sallengros, si'lftN'gRo', (A. BENotr FRANCOIS,) a
French Jacobin, was a deputy to the National Conven-
tion in 1792, and voted for the death of the king. Died
about 1816.

Salles, sil, (EusEBE FRANCOIS,) a French physician
and Oriental scholar, born at Montpellier in 1799. He
was appointed in 1835 professor of Arabic at Marseilles.
Among his principal works are a " General History
of Legal Medicine," " Peregrinations in the East," and
" General History of the Human Races, or Ethnographic
Philosophy." Died January I, 1873.

Salles, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French revolutionist and
member of the National Convention. During the trial
of the king he voted for the appeal to the people, which
he was the first to propose. He was executed at Bor-
deaux in 1794.

Sallea, de, d?h sil, (CHARLES MARIE,) COMTE, a
French general, born about 1804. He commanded a
division at Sebastopol in May-September, 1855. Died
in 1858.

Sallet, von, fon si'14', (FRIEDRICH,) a German poet
and litterateur, of French extraction, born at Neisse, in
Silesia, in 1812. His principal work, entitled "Laien-
evangelium," is a poem in praise of Pantheism. Died
in 1843.

Sallier, sa^le-a', (CLAUDE,) a French philologist,
born at Saulieu in 1685. In 1719 he succeeded Sarrazin
as professor of Hebrew in the Royal College, and was
afterwards appointed keeper of the manuscripts in the
Royal Library. He was elected to the French Academy
in 1729, and was a member of the Royal Societies of
London and Berlin. His works are chiefly critical and
antiquarian treatises. Died in 1761.

Sallier-Chamont, si'le-i' shfmoN', (Gui MARIE,)
a French writer, born about 1750. He was appointed
in 1814 master of requests, and chevalier of the legion
of honour. Died about 1840.

Sallin, si'liN', (MAURICE,) a Savoyard artist, skilled
in sculpture and engraving, born in 1760; died in 1809.

Sallior, si'le'oR', (MARIE FRANC.OIS,) a French poli-

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 282 of 425)