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tician and writer, born at Versailles about 1740; died
in 1804.

Sallo, de, deh si'Io', (DENIS,) Sieur de LaCoudraye,
born in Paris in 1626, is called the founder of modern
literary journals. He brought out in 1665, corijointly
with other writers, the "Journal des Savants," which
was at first very successful, but subsequently gave great
offence by the freedom and severity of its criticisms.
The Abbe Gallois afterwards became editor of the
" Journal," which was continued till 1792. Died in 1669.

See MORBRI, " Dictionnaire Historique;" NiciKON, " Me^
moires."

Salluat, [Lat. SALLUS'TIUS ; Fr. SALLUSTE, saVlust/;
It. SALLUSTIO, sil-loos'te-o,] (or, more fully, Caius Sal-
lustius Crispus,) a celebrated Roman historian, who
was born of a plebeian family at Amiternum in 86 B.C.
He was elected tribune of the people in 52 B.C., and was
expelled from the senate by the censors in 50 for alleged
immoral conduct He was a partisan of Caesar in the
civil war. In the year 47 he obtained the office of praetor,
and accompanied Caesar in his African campaign. He
was appointed governor of Numidia by Caesar in 46 B.C.
According to Dion Cassius, he enriched himself by the
oppression and plunder of the people of that province.
After the death of Julius Caesar he returned to Rome,
and built a sumptuous palace on the Quirinal, with
large gardens, still called Horti Sallustiani. Having
retired from public life, he devoted his latter years to
literary pursuits. He died in 34 B.C. The scandalous
charges against the character of Sallust, made by several
ancient and modern writers, may have been true, but, in
the opinion of some of the best critics, they are far from
having been established by any decisive evidence. He
was much influenced by party spirit, and probably
hated the aristocratic party more than he loved the ple-
beians. Sallust wrote a " History of the Conspiracy of
Catiline," ("Bellum Catilinarium,") and a "History of
the War between the Romans and Jugurtha," (" Bellum
Jugurthinum.") The speeches which he ascribes to
Cato, Caesar, and others in his histories, though proba-
bly expressed in the language of Sallust, give us, there
is reason to believe, the substance of what was said by
those eminent men. He also wrote a history of Rome
for the period included between 78 and 66 B.C., which
is lost "The ancient critics," says Macaulay, "placed
Sallust in the same rank with Livy ; and unquestionably
the small portion of his works which has come down to
us is calculated to give a high opinion of his talents.
But his style is not very pleasant ; and his most power-
ful work, the account of the conspiracy of Catiline, hai
rather the air of a clever party pamphlet than that of a
history." (Essay on History in the "Edinburgh Re-
view," 1828.)



S.i



See DES BROSSES, "Vie de Salluste :" D. W. MOLLM, "De C.
llustio," 1684 ; MOLLER, " C. Sallustius, oder historische Un-




Magazine" for February, 1846.

Salluste, the French for SALLUST, which see.

Sallustio. See SALLUST.

Sallustius. See SALLUST.

Sal-lus'a-us or Salus'tius, surnamed THE PHILOSO-
PHER, a Roman officer, and a pagan, was pretorian pre-
fect under the emperor Julian. He dissuaded the latter



a. e, 1,6, u, V, /



. same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, u, }', short; a, ?, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; m?t; nfltjgood; moBn;



SALLUSTIUS



2121



SALM-SALM



from persecuting the Christians. He is supposed to
have been the author of an extant work " On the Gods
and the World."

Sallustius, a Cynic philosopher, born in Syria, lived
probably between 450 and 500 A.D. He gained distinc-
tion as an orator.

Sallus'tius Cris'pus, (CAIUS,) a Roman knight and
courtier, was a grand-nephew of Sallust the historian,
whose large fortune he inherited. He was a man of
superior talents for public affairs, and became one of the
most favoured and influential advisers of Augustus. He
also obtained the confidence of Tiberius. Died in 2OA.D.

Salm, salm, a great and very wealthy family of medi-
atized German princes and counts. The family includes
the houses of SALM-SALM, (q. v.,) SALM-HOOG-

STRAETEN, SALM-KYRBURG, SALM-HORSTMAR, (the

only Protestant branch,) SALM-REIFFERSCHBIDT-
KRAUTHEIM, and SALM-REIFFERSCHEIDT-DYCK. Of
these houses, certain princes have the titles of Rhin-
graf, Wildgraf, Altgraf, etc.

Salm, sfltn, a French general, born in the depart-
ment of Vosges in 1768, served under Pichegru in 1794,
and subsequently in Italy and Spain. He was mortally
wounded at the siege of Olivo, in 1811.

Salmasius, sal-ma'she^us, (CLAUDIUS,) [Fr. CLAUDE
DE SAUMAISE, klod deh so'maz',] a celebrated French
scholar, born at Se'mur in 1588. He is said to have
written Latin and Greek verses and to have read Pin-
dar at the age of ten. While pursuing his studies in
Pans, he acquired the friendship of Casaubon, by whom
he was induced to become a Protestant. He subse-
quently studied at Heidelberg, where he became ac-
quainted with Gruter, to whom he dedicated his edition
of Florus, published in 1609. This was succeeded by
his "Historic Augusts Scriptores Sex," (1620,) a con-
tinuation of the "Twelve Caesars" of Suetonius; edi-
tions of Tertullian's " De Pallio," of Achilles Tatius, and
other classics. His greatest work is entitled " Plinianae
Exercitationes in C. J. Solini Polyhistoria," (2 vols., 1629.)
The immense and varied learning displayed in this
production raised his reputation to the highest point,
and he received invitations from several princes of
Europe to settle in their respective countries. In 1632
he became honorary professor at Leyden, where he con-
tinued chiefly to reside till he visited Sweden in 1650 at
the invitation of Queen Christina. At the request of
Charles II., then in Holland, Salmasius wrote his " De-
fensio Regia pro Carolo I.," (1649,) being a defence
of monarchy and of the king Charles I., who had just
been put to death. This called forth Milton's celebrated
reply entitled " Defensio proPopulo Anglicano," which
Salmasius was about to answer, when he died, in 1653.

" But the greatest," says Hallam, " in this province of
literature [philology] was Claude Saumaise, best known
in the Latin form Salmasius, whom the general suffrage
of his compeers placed at their head. An incredible
erudition, so that it was said what Salmasius did not
know was beyond the bounds of knowledge, a memory
such as none but those great scholars of former times
seem to have possessed, a life passed, naturally enough,
in solitary labour, were sufficient to establish his fame
among the learned." (" Introduction to the Literature of
Europe.")

See A. CLEMENT, " Vita Salmasii," or " Vic de Saumaise," 1656
MORERI, " Dictionnaire Historique ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Gini
rale."

Salm-Dyck, s31m'dek', (CONSTANCE MARIE,) PRIN
CESS OF, a French poetess and miscellaneous writer
whose original name was THftis, born at Nantes in 1767
was the author of the lyric tragedy of " Sappho," set to
music by Martini, " Epistle to Women," " Eulogy on
Lalande," and "My Political and Literary Reminis
cences," (1833.) Died in 1845.

See MICHEL BERK, " Notice sur la Princesse de Salm ;" A. MON
TiMONT, "Notice sur la Princesse de Salm-Dyck," 1845; " Nouvell'
Biographic Gene'rale."

Salmeggia, sal-mSd'ja, (ENEA,) an Italian painter
surnamed IL TALPINO, was a native of Bergamo. He
studied at Rome under Raphael, and became one of hi
most successful imitators. Among his best production
are the altar-pieces in the churches of Santa Marta anc



Santa Grata at BeVgamo. He wrote a " Treatise on
"aiming." Died in 1626, at an advanced age

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Salmeron, sSl-ma-r6n', (ALFONSO,) a Spanish Jesuit,
iorn at Toledo in 1515, was one of the chief disciples of
gnatius Loyola. He published several theological works,
.nd had a prominent part in founding the order of Jesuits,
le was one of the orators of the Council of Trent, to
which he was sent by Pope Paul III. Died in 1585.

See RIBADENHIRA, "Vita Salmeronis;" N.ANTONIO, " Biblio-
[leca Hispana Nova."

Salmeron, (CRISTOVAL GARCIA,) a Spanish painter,
>orn at Cuenca in 1603 ; died in 1666.

Salm-Kyrburg, de, deh silm-keR'buV, (FREDERIC
LRNEST OTTO,) PRINCE, born in Paris in 1789, served
n the army of Napoleon in the campaign of 1807, and
fterwards in Portugal, Spain, and Italy. Died in 1835.

Salmon, sfl'mdN', (FRANgois,) a doctor of the Sor-
)onne, born in Paris in 1677, published a " Treatise on
he Study of the Councils," (1724.) Died in 1736.

Salmon, sl'mpn, (GEORGE,) D.D., an Irish mathema-
.ician, born in Dublin in 1819. He was educated at Cork,
and at Trinity College, Dublin, where he graduated in
1839. Having become an Anglican clergyman, he was in
1866 made professor of divinity in his university. Besides
olumes of sermons, he has published "Conic Sections,"
1 Higher Plane Curves," " Geometry of Three Dimen-
ions," " Modern Higher Algebra," etc.

Salmon, (JEAN,) surnamed MAIGRET (mS'gR^') or
MACRI'NUS, a French scholar, born at Loudun in 1490,
was the author of Latin odes, which were highly esteemed
n his time. Died in 1557. His son CHARLES was like-
wise noted for his learning, and was preceptor to Cathe-
rine of Bourbon, sister of Henry IV. He perished in
the Massacre of Saint Bartholomew, in 1572.

Salmon, (Louis ADOLPHE,) a French engraver, born
.n Paris in 1806. Among his works are plates after
Raphael, Michael Angelo, and Da Vinci.

Salmon, sa'mon, (NATHANIEL,) an English divine
and antiquary, born in Bedfordshire. He published a
" History of Hertfordshire," " Survey of the Roman
Stations in Britain, according to the Roman Itinerary,"
(1721,) "Survey of the Roman Stations in the Midland
Counties," (1726,) "Antiquities of Surrey," (1736,) and
other works. Died in 1742.

Salmon, (ROBERT,) an English mechanician, born in
Warwickshire in 1763; died in 1821.

Salmon, (THOMAS,) brother of Nathaniel, noticed
above, was the author of "The Chronological Histo-
rian," "Examination of Burnet's History of his Own
Times," and other similar works. Died about 1745.

Salmon, (WILLIAM,) a celebrated English empiric,
published "A Universal Herbal," "Compendium of the
Theory and Practice of Physic," and several other works.
Died in 1700.

Salmonee. See SALMONEUS.

Sal-mo'neus, [Gr. Zatyuvevf ; Fr. S ALMONTE, sJT-
mo'nl',1 in classic mythology, a son of >Eolus, a brother
of Sisyphus, and a king of Elis. The poets relate that he
claimed divine honours, imitated thunder and lightning
by driving his chariot over a brazen bridge, and by
throwing burning torches, etc., for which impiety he was
killed by a thunderbolt from Jupiter.
See VIRGIL, "jEneid," book vi., 585.

Salm-Reifferscheidt, salm ri'fer-shit', (NICHOLAS,)
COUNT, a distinguished general in the Austrian service,
was present at the battle of Pavia, and took prisoner the

French king, Francis I. In 1530 he defended Vienna
against the Turks under Solyman II., but he was mor-
tally wounded during the last attack.

Salm-Salm, salm salm, (FELIX,) PRINCE, was
of a distinguished Austrian family, December 28, 1828.

In 1862 he married Mademoiselle Le Clerq, of New

York, which act offended his family and caused his
exclusion from the Austrian court. He served with
distinction in the Federal army during the civil war,

towards the close of which he was made post-command

at Atlanta. He accompanied Maximilian to Mej

1864, and was appointed by him aide-de-camp and

of his household. After the downfall and death of Maxi-



e as *; c as , ; g hard; g as/; G, H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.



Explanations, p.



SALNOVE



2122



SALVANDV



inilinn, to whom he remained faithful to the last, he re-
turned to Europe. Having entered the Prussian service,
as major in the fourth regiment of grenadiers, he was
killed at the battle of Gravelotte, August 16-17, 1870.

Salnove, de, deh sil'nov', (ROBERT,) a French writer
on the art of hunting, was a favourite at the court of
Louis XIII. His principal work is entitled " Venerie
royale," (1655.)

'Sa-lo'me, [Gr. Sa\u/ti},] an artful and cruel woman,
who was a sister of Herod the Great. By calumnious
accusations she induced Herod to put to death her own
husband, Josephus, and Mariamne the wife of Herod.
Died about 12 A.D.

Salomon, the French for SOLOMON, which see.

Salomon, si'lo'mdN', (FRANCOIS HENRI,) a French
littlrateur of little merit, born at Bordeaux in 1629, be-
came a member of the French Academy in 1646, having
for his competitor the great Corneille. Died in 1670.

Sal'o-mon or Sol'o-mon, (FREDERICK,) a general,
born in Prussia in 1826. He emigrated to the United
States, and worked as an engineer in Wisconsin before
the civil war. He was appointed a brigadier-general
about July, 1862.

Salomon, si'lo-mon', (GoTTHOLD,) a Jewish theo-
logian and preacher at Hamburg, born in 1784, wrote
commentaries on Haggai and Zechariah. Died in 1862.

Salomon, JOHANN PETER,) a celebrated German
composer and violinist, born at Bonn in 1745- After
visiting Berlin and Paris, he settled in London, where
he began about 1790 a series of subscription concerts,
for which Haydn produced his twelve grand symphonies,
generally known as " composed for Salomon's Concerts."
Haydn's oratorio of " The Creation" was brought out
in 1798 by Salomon at the Opera concert-room. Died
in 1815.

Sal'o-mpns, (DAVID,) a Jewish magistrate and states-
man, born in London in 1801. He was elected to Par-
liament for Greenwicn in 1851, and in 1855 became
lord mayor of London, being the first Jew who had
ever filled that office. Died July 18, 1873.

Sal-o-ni'na, (PUBLIA LICINIA JULIA CORNELIA,) a
Roman empress, was the wife of Gallienus, to whom
she was married about 240 A.D. Died about 268.

Sa-lo'nI-uB, a French prelate of the fifth century, was
the son of the Bishop of Lyons.

Salornay, de, deh si'loR'ni', (j EAN,) a French eccle-
siastic, who became Bishop of Macon. Died about 1445.

Salt, (HENRY,) an English antiquary and savant, born
in Yorkshire, accompanied in 1802 Lord Valentia as
secretary and draughtsman on an expedition to Egypt,
Abyssinia, and Hindostan. He discovered the cele-
brated inscription at Axoom, in Abyssinia, and gave
an accurate description of the grand obelisk and other
monuments of that city. About 1815 he was appointed
English consul in Egypt, where he prosecuted his anti-
quarian researches, and was treated with distinguished
favour by Mehemet Alee. He died in 1827, while en-
gaged on a work relating to Egyptian antiquities and
hieroglyphics. He had previously published a splendid
atlas of engravings, entitled "Twenty-Four Large Views
taken in Saint Helena, the Cape, Abyssinia, Egypt,
etc.," (1809,) and an "Account of a Voyage to Abys-
sinia, and Travels in the Interior of that Country," (1814.)

See J. J. HALL, "The Life and Correspondence of H. Salt,"
1834; "Monthly Review" for December, 1814, and January, 1815.

Salt, (Sir TITUS,) BART., an English manufacturer,
born at Morley in 1803. He introduced into England
the manufacture of alpaca, built the town of Saltaire,
and was distinguished for his liberality and philanthropy.
Died December 29, 1876.

Sal'ter, (SAMUEL,) an English divine and Greek
scholar, was born at Norwich. He became rector of
Saint Bartholomew, London, in 1756, and master of the
Charter-House in 1761. He was one of the writers of
the "Athenian Letters." (See YORKE, CHARGES.) Died
in 1778.

Salter, (WILLIAM,) an English painter, born at
Honiton, Devonshire, in 1804. He went to London in
1822, and entered the studio of Northcote, with whom
he remained until 1827. He then went to Florence,



where in 1831 he exhibited a picture, "Socrates before
the Judges of the Court of the Areopagus," which ob-
tained his election as a member of the Academy of
Florence. In 1833 he returned to England, and under-
took his elaborate portrait-picture commemorative of
the annual " Waterloo Banquet" at Apsley House, wel
known through engravings. Died November 22, 1875.

Salt'marsh, (JoHN,) an English divine, born in York-
shire, wrote several treatises in favour of Antinomianism,
which were replied to by Gataker. Died in 1647.

Sal'ton-stall, (GuRDON,) an American Presbyterian
divine, born at Haverhill, Massachusetts, in 1666, was
elected Governor of Connecticut in 1707. Died in 1724.

Saltoun, sJl'toon or sal'tpn, (ALEXANDER GEORGH
FRASER,) LORD, a British general, born probably in
Scotland in 1785. He served in the Peninsula, 1808-
13, and distinguished himself in the defence of Hougou-
mont, near Waterloo, in June, 1815. Died in 1853.

Sal'tus, (EDGAR EVEKTSOX,) an American author,
born at New York in 1858. He graduated in law at
Columbia College in 1880. He published " The
Philosophy of Disenchantment," (1885,) and "The
Anatomy of Negation," (1886,) works of humour,
and "The Pace that Kills," (1889,) "Madame
Sapphira," (1893,) "When Dreams Come True,"
(1895,) and other novels.

Saluces. See SALUZZO.

Saluces, de, deh sinus', (DIEUDONN^E,) Countess
of Revel, an Italian poetess, born at Turin in 1774,
wrote both in French and Italian. Her principal work
in entitled " Hypatia," (" Ippazia," 1817.) Died in 1840.

Salutato. See COLUCCIO.

Saluzzo di Menusiglio, si-loot'so de ma-noo-
sel'yo, [Fr. SALUCES, si'liis',] (GIUSEPPE ANGELO,)
COUNT, an Italian chemist and general, born at Sa-
luzzo in 1734. He made discoveries in gases, and was
one of the founders of the Academy of Sciences of
Turin, for which he wrote several able memoirs. Died
in 1810.

See GRASSI, " Elogio storico del Conte G. A. Saluzzo di Menu-
BJglio." 1813.

Salva y Perez, sal'va e pa'rjth, (Don VINCENTE,) a
learned Spanish bookseller of recent times, was a native
of Valencia. He became professor of Greek at the
University of Alcala. He published editions of Men-
doza's " History of the Wars of Granada," and other
standard works in Spanish, and a translation of Cor-
nelius Nepos, with notes. Died in 1851.

Salvador, stl'vf doR', (JOSEPH,) a French writer, of
Jewish extraction, born at Montpellier in 1796, pub-
lished a treatise " On the Law of Moses, or the Reli-
gious and Political System of the Hebrews," and other
works. Died March 31, 1873.

Salvador, sal-va-o6R', (JUAN,) born at Barcelona in
1683, wrote a number of botanical treatises, (still in
manuscript.) Died in 1726. His brother JosE was also
a distinguished botanist and anatomist, and was a mem-
ber of the Royal Medical Academy of Spain. Died in
1771. The genus Salvadora was named in honour of
this family of naturalists, who rendered great service to
botanical science in Spain.

Salvador y Bosca, sal-va-ooR' e bos'ki, (Don
JUAN,) a Spanish botanist, born in Catalonia in 1598,
was the father of the preceding. Died in 1681.

Salvador y Pedrol, sal-vi-DOR' e pa-DR61', (JAYME,)
son of Don Juan Salvador, the first of that name, was
born at Barcelona in 1649. He enjoyed a high reputa-
tion as a naturalist, and was a friend of Tournefort,
Boerhaave, and other eminent savants. Died in 1740.

Salvandy, de, deh sil'voN'de', (NARCISSE ACHILLE,)
COMTE, a French statesman and littirateur, was born at
Condom in 1795. He became master of requests in
the State Council in 1819, having previously published
"The Coalition and France," and other political pam-
phlets. He was elected to the French Academy in 1835,
and was minister of public instruction from April, 1837,
to March, 1839. Among his principal works are " Don
Alonzo, or Spain," a political romance, (1824,) a " His-
tory of Poland before and under the Reign of John



i,e,i, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u,y,sA0rt; a,e, j, o, obscure; fir, (all, fat; met; nftt; good,



SALVEMINI



2123



SAMBLANCAI



Sobieski," (3 vols., 1827-29,) and "Sixteen Months, or
the Revolution of 1830." Died in 1856.

See L. DE LOMENIK, " M. de Salvandy, parun HommedeRien,"
1841 CHARLES ROBIN, " Biographic de M. de Salvandy," 1848 ;
" Nouvelle Biographie Generate ;" " Blackwood's Magazine" for
June, 1832.

Salvemini See CASTILLON, DE.

Salverte, sSl'v?Rt', (ANNE JOSEPH EUSEBE BACON-
NIERE,) a French littlraleur and statesman, born in
Paris in 1771. He became a member of the Chamber
of Deputies for the department of Seine in 1828, and
Toted with the opposition. He was the author of a
" Literary Picture of France in the Eighteenth Century,"
(1809,) "Historical and Philosophical Essays on the
Names of Men, Nations, and Places," etc., (1824,) and
other works. Died in 1839.

See QUEKARD, " La France Litte'raire;" "Nouvelle Biographie
Ge'nerale :" " Foreign Quarterly Review" for October, 1830.

Salvi, sil'vee, (GIAMBATTISTA,) an Italian historical
painter, surnamed SASSOFERRATO, born in that place in
1605. His pictures of the Virgin and Child are particu-
larly admired ; also the altar-piece in the cathedral of
Montefiascone representing the death of Saint Joseph.
Died in 1685.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Salvi, (Niccoi.6,) an Italian architect, born in 1699.
His greatest work is the fountain of Trevi, at Rome,
executed by order of Clement XII. Died in 1751.

Salviani, sJl-ve-5'nee, (!PPOLITO,) an Italian natural-
ist, and physician to Pope Julius III., was born at Citt4
di Castello in 1514. His principal work is entitled
" History of Water Animals," (" Aquatilium Animaliurn
Historia," 1554.) Died in 1572.

See CUVIER, " Histoire des Sciences naturelles."

Sal-vl-a'nus, [Fr. SALVIEN, stl've^N',] a presbyter
of Marseilles, supposed to have been a native of Cologne,
flourished in the fifth century. He was the author of a
"Treatise against Avarice," and one "On the Govern-
ment of God," which are written in elegant Latin.

Salviati, sal-ve-a-tee ; (ANTONIO,) a distinguished
Italian artist in mosaic, born at Verona in 1816. He
was educated at Padua and Vienna, and became a
student of Middle- Age art. He later established a labo-
ratory for mosaics on the island of Murano, near Venice.
He was also one of the restorers of the manufacture of
Muranese glass. His mosaics are known in almost every
part of Europe. Died in 1890.

Salviati, sal-ve-1'tee, (BERNARDO,) an Italian cardi-
nal, born at Florence before 1500 ; died in 1568.

Salviati, (FRANCESCO Rossi da ros'see da,) called
also CECCO (chlk'ko) Rossi, an eminent Italian painter,
born at Florence in 1510, was patronized by Cardinal
Salviati, who conferred upon him his name. He was a
pupil of Andrea del Sarto and of Bandinelli. He was
also the intimate friend of Vasari, who was his fellow-
student at Rome. Among his master-pieces are " The
Battles and Triumph of Camillus," in the Palazzo Vec-
chio at Florence, "The Taking down from the Cross,"
in the church of the Celestines in Paris, and the frescos
representing the history of Psyche in the Palazzo Gri-
mani. Died at Rome in 1563.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters ;" LANZI, " History of
Painting in Italy;" TICOZZI, " Dizionario. "

Salviati, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian cardinal, born at
Florence in 1490, was a brother of Bernardo, noticed
above, and a grandson of Lorenzo the Magnificent. He
was a liberal patron of learning and the arts. Died in

'553-

See PAOLO GIOVIO, " Elogia."

Salviati, (GIUSEPPE.) See PORTA.

Salviati, (LEONARDO,) an Italian scholar and littlra-
ttur, born at Florence in 1540, was an adversary of
Tasso, and caused the Academy Delia Crusca to share
his hostility against that poet. He wrote comedies and
treatises on language, rhetoric, etc. His " Avvertimenti
della Lingua sopra'l Decamerone" (2 vols., 1584-86) was
highly esteemed. Died in 1589.

See NKGRI, "Scrittori Fiorentini;" TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della
Letteratura Italiana ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Salvien. See SALVIANUS.



Salvini, sal-vee'nee, (ANTONIO MARIA,) an Italian
philologist and writer, born at Florence in 1653. He
translated several Greek and Latin authors into Italian.
In 1676 he became professor of Greek at Florence. He
wrote, besides many other works, " Academic Dis-
courses," (3 vols., 1695-1733,) "Prose sacre," (1716,)
and "Sonetti," (1728.) Died in 1729.

See FABRONI, "Vita? Italorum," etc.: PERUZZI, "Orazione in
Morte di A. M. Salvini," 1731 : " Nouvelle Biographie Ge'nerale."

Salvini, (SALVING,) a brother of the preceding, was
born at Florence in 1667. He was the author of several
learned works, among which is " Fasti (jonsolari dell
Accademia Fiorentina," (1717.) Died in 1751.

Salvini, (TOMMASO,) an Italian tragedian, born at
Milan, January 1, 1830. He had already won fame, when
in 1849 he entered the patriot army, where he served
with distinction. He afterwards won laurels in every


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 283 of 425)