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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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civilized land, and was universally recognized as one
of the few great actors of his time. He published
" Leaves from my Autobiography," (1893,) and
" Ricordi," (1895.) Died in 1896. His son, ALEX-
ANDER, gained some note as an actor, especially in
the " Three Guardsmen."

Salvino degli Armati, sil-vee'no dil'yee aR-mi'tee,
born at Florence about the middle of the thirteenth cen-
tury, is supposed by many to have been the inventor of
spectacles, though the Chinese appear to have used
them ages before.

Salvolini, sll-vo-lee'nee, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian
Orientalist, born at Faenza in 1809, was a pupil of the
celebrated Mezzofanti. He published a " Grammatical
Analysis of the Different Ancient Egyptian Texts,"
(1836.) Died in 1838.

Salvoni, sil-vo'nee, (PiERO BERNARDO,) an Italian
poet, born at Parma in 1723; died in 1784.

Saly, sS'le', (JACQUES FRANCOIS JOSEPH,) a French
sculptor, born at Valenciennes in 1717, worked about
twenty years at Copenhagen. His chief work is an
equestrian statue of Frederick V. of Denmark. Died
in 1776.

Salza, von, fon salt'sa, (HERMANN,) a German diplo-
matist and soldier, born about 1180; died in 1239.

Salzmann, salts'man, (CHRISTIAN GOTTHILF, ) a
German Protestant divine and educational writer, born
near Erfurt in 1744. He founded in 1784, at Schnep-
fenthal, a school on the system of Basedow and Rous-
seau, which became widely popular. Died in 1811.

Samacchini, sa-mak-kee'nee, (ORAZIO,) an Italian
painter, born at Bologna in 1532, was a pupil of Pelle-
grino. His picture of the " Purification," in the church
of Saint James at Bologna, is esteemed a master-piece.
Died in 1577.

Saman or Samani. See SAMANIDES.

Samauidae. See SAMANIDES.

Samaniden. See SAMANIDES.

Samanides, sam'a-nidz or sa-man'idz, sing. Sam a-
nide, [Fr. pron. sf nii'ned'; Ger. SAMANIDEN, sa-ma-
nee'den ; Lat. SAMAN'ID^E,] the name of a Persian
dynasty, which ruled in the tenth century. Its founder
was Saman, (sa'man',) who flourished about 930. The
last prince of this line was assassinated in the reign of
Mahmood the Gaznevide, about the beginning of the
eleventh century.

Samaniego, sa-ma-ne-a'go, (FELIX MARIA,) a dis-
tinguished fabulist, sometimes called "the Spanish La
Fontaine," born at Bilbao about 1742. His works are
entitled "Fables in Verse." Died about 1804.

See TICKNOR, " History of Spanish Literature."

Samary, sf mi're', (PHILIPPE,) a French Jesuit and
poet, born at Carcassonne in 1731 ; died in 1803.

Sambhu, a surname of SIVA, (which see.)

Sambiasi, sam-be-a'see, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian mis-
sionary to China, born at Cosenza in 1582 ; died in 1649.

Sambin, soN'biN', (HuGUES,) a French architec
and pupil of Michael Angelo, was born at Dijon. He
wrote "On the Terms used in Architecture," (1572-)

Samblangai, de, den sftN'bl&N's^', (JACQUES DE
Beaune bon,) BARON, a French statesman, born in trv
fifteenth century, was superintendent of finance undir
Charles VIII.. Louis XII., and Francis I. Being ao-



task; 9asj; ^hard; gas/; G,H,K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in this. (tfjf^See Explanations, p.



SAMBUCUS



2124



SANCHEZ



tused of peculation by the queen-mother, the Duchess
of Angouleme, he was executed in 1527.

Sam-bu'cus, (JOHN,) a distinguished scholar, born
at Tyrnau, in Hungary, in 1531. He was historiogra-
pher to the emperor Maximilian II., and was also
patronized by his successor, Rudolph II. He wrote, in
Latin, a continuation of the " History of Hungary" of
Bonfinius ; also commentaries on various classics. Died
in 1584.

Sammarthanus. See SAINTE-MARTHE.

Sammartino, sam-maR-tee'no, (MATTEO,) Count of
Vische, born in Piedmont in 1494, was the author of
" Eclogues" and other poems ; also " Grammatical and
Poetical Observations on the Italian Language."

Sammes, samz, (AYLETT,) an English antiquary, who
wrote " The Antiquities of Ancient Britain derived from
the Phoenicians." Died in 1679.

Sammicheli. See SANMICHELI.

Samp'aon, (HENRY,) an English physician and non-
conformist divine, born in Nottinghamshire, studied at
Leyden and Padua, and became a member of the College
of Physicians. Died in 1705.

Sampson, (THOMAS,) an English Puritan divine and
theologian, born in Suffolk in 1517; died in 1589.

Sampson, (\VILLIAM THOMAS,) an American
admiral, was born at Palmyra, New York, February
9, 1840. He entered the United States Naval Acad-
emy, graduating in 1860, and took part in the civil
war, being executive officer of the iron-clad Pa-
tapsco when it was blown up by a mine in Charles-
town harbour. He was promoted captain in 1889,
was superintendent of the Naval Academy 188690,
and in 1898 was made president of the board of
inquiry into the cause of the destruction of the Maine.
In the war with Spain he commanded the North
Atlantic squadron as acting rear-admiral, and was \
promoted rear-admiral in September, 1898. He was
in command of the fleet that blockaded Santiago har-
bour, but was absent on other duty at the destruction
of the Spanish squadron under Admiral Cervera. He I
was a member of the commission for the evacuation
of Cuba.

Samsi-Vul IV., or Samas Rimmon, King of As-
syria, was the son and successor of Shalmaneser II.,
who died B.C. 825. Samsi-Vul was a great warrior. He
conquered Media, and defeated Marudak, (Merodach,)
King of Babylon, compelling him to cede large prov-
inces. He died about 812 B.C., and was succeeded by
his son, Vul-Nirari III.

Sam Slick. See HALIBURTON.

Samsoe, sim-so'eh, (OLE JOHAN,) a Danish writer,
born at Nestved in 1759. His principal works are
" Frithiof ' and other Scandinavian tales, and the tragedy
of" Dyvecke," which was very successful. Died in 1796.

Sam'son, [Heb. pa^iy,] one of the judges of Israel,
of the tribe of Dan, and the son of Manoah, was
born about 1155 B.C., and at an early age gave proof
of supernatural bodily strength. After performing
several wonderful actions, he was made prisoner and
deprived of his sight by the Philistines, a great number
of whom he subsequently destroyed, along with him-
self, by pulling down the temple in which they were
assembled.

Samson, s6N's6N', (JOSEPH ISIDORE,) a French actor
and dramatist, born at Saint-Denis in 1793 ; died 1871.
Samuel, [Heb. ^xio^.la Hebrew prophet and judge,
Dorn about 1155 or 1170 B.C., was the son of Elkanah
and Hannah. About the age of forty he became judge
or chief ruler of Israel. Having been urgently requested
by the elders to give them a king, he anointed Saul to
reign over Israel. He afterwards prophesied against
Saul, and anointed David as his successor. He died
about the age of ninety-five. His name has been given
to two historical books of Scripture. He is supposed
to have written the first twenty-four chapters of the first
book of Samuel, which see.

Sam'u-els, (EDWARD AUGUSTUS,) an American natt-
ralist, born in Boston, July 4, 1836. His principal works
are "Ornithology and Oology of New England" and
"Among the Birds."



Samuel'son, (TAMES,) an English scientist and
traveller, born at Hull in 1829. In 1862 he founded
the "Popular Science Review," and in 1864 the
" Quarterly Journal of Science," which he edited for
eight years. His travels led to descriptive works on
Roumania, Bulgaria, and India, and he wrote several
works of popular science. In 1893 he visited Greece,
and published a description of its finances and in-
dustries.

Samund, sa'mSond, a distinguished scholar and his-
torian, born in Iceland about 1056. His principal work
was a " History of the Norwegian Kings from Harold
Haarfager to Magnus the Good," which was highly
esteemed by his contemporaries. He is supposed by
some writers to have been one of the authors of the
"Edda." Died in 1133.

San, SON or sin, (GERARD XAVIER,) a Belgian his-
torical painter, born at Bruges in 1754 ; died in 1830.

Sanadon, sfni'dAn', (NoEL ETIENNE,) a learned
French Jesuit, born at Rouen in 1676, was appcinted
in 1728 librarian of the College of Louis le Grand in
Paris. He is chiefly known by his French translation
of Horace, (in prose, 1728,) which was highly esteemed
at that time. He also wrote elegant Latin poems. Died

in "733-

See MoRiRI, " Dictionnaire Historique."

Sanatroces, (Sanadrug.) See ARSACES XI. of
Parthia.

San'born, (KATHERINE ABBOTT,) an American
author, under the name of Kate Sanborn, born at
Hanover, New Hampshire, in 1839. She was pro-
fessor of literature at Smith College for several years
and a lecturer for over twenty years. Her works in-
clude Christmas books, "The Wit of Women,"
" Shadows of Genius," etc.

San Carlos, sin kaR'lds, (JosEF MIGUEL DE Carva-
jal kaR-va-Hal',) DUKE OF, a statesman and diploma-
tist, born at Lima, in South America, in 1771. Having
been educated in Spain, he was appointed governor to
the Prince of Asturias, afterwards Ferdinand VII., and
in 1807 became Viceroy of Navarre.

Sauche. See SANCHO.

Sanchez, san'chSth, [Lat SANC'TIUS,) (FRANCISCO,)
an eminent Spanish scholar, born at Las Brocas, in
Estremadura, in 1523, became professor of the Greek
and Latin languages and rhetoric at Salamanca. He
published editions of several Latin classics, and a num-
ber of original treatises in Latin, among which we may
name his " Minerva, seu de Causis Linguae Latins Com-
mentarius," ("Commentary on the Principles of the
Latin Tongue,") which was esteemed a standard work
Died in 1601.

See N. ANTONIO, " Bibliotheca Hispana Nova."

Sanchez, (GASPARD,) a Spanish Jesuit and biblical
critic, born at Cifuentes about 1553, became professor
of theology at Alcala. Died in 1628.

Sanchez, (PEDRO ANTONIO,) a Spanish ecclesiastic,
born in Galicia in 1740, was celebrated for his eloquence.
He wrote a number of religious works, and filled the
chair of divinity in the University of Santiago de Com
postella. Died in 1796.

Sanchez, (ToMAS,) a Spanish Jesuit and theologian,
born at Cdrdova in 1550. His principal work is en-
titled " Disputations concerning the Holy Sacrament of
Marriage," (" Disputationes de Sancto Matrimonii Sa-
cramento," 1602.) Died in 1610.

Sanchez, (TOMAS ANTONIO,) a Spanish scholar and
antiquary, born in 1730, published a "Collection of
Castilian loetry before the Fifteenth Century." Died
in 1798.

Sanchez de Arevalo, sin'chSth da a-ra-vl'lo, (Ro-
DRIGO,) [Lat RODERI'CUS SANC'TIUS,] a learned Spanish
ecclesiastic, born in the diocese of Segovia in 1404. He
! was appointed by Pope Paul II. governor of the castle
of Sant' Angelo, and Bishop successively of Zamora,
Calahorra, and Palencia. He wrote a number of works
in Latin, among which maybe named his ' Mirror of
Human Life," ("Speculum Vitae Humanac,") and a
" History of Spain." Died in 1470.



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a., e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mSt; not; good; moon;



SANCHEZ



2125



SAND



Sanchez Coello. See COELLO.

Sancho, sin'cho or san'cho, [Fr. SANCHE, soNsh,] I.,
King of Leon, succeeded his brother, Ordono III., in
955 A.D. Died in 967.

Sancho II., King of Castile and Leon, born about
1035. He succeeded his father, Ferdinand I., in 1065.
Died in 1072.

Sancho III., a son of Alfonso VIII., born about 1130,
began to reign over Castile in 1157. Died in 1158.

Sancho IV., surnamed EL BRAVO, ("the Brave,")
King of Castile and Leon, born in 1258, was a son of
Alfonso X. He revolted against his father in 1282, and
involved the country in a long civil w.u. He became
king at the death of Alfonso, in 1284. Died in 1295.
He was succeeded by his son, Fernando IV.

See MARIANA, " Historia de EspaSa ;" " Nouvellc Biographic
GinOale."

Sancho IH., King of Navarre, called THE GREAT,
was born about 965 A.D., and succeeded his father,
Garcia II., about looo. He was a warlike prince, and
extended his dominions by conquest. Died in 1035.

San'cho [Port. pron. sjn'sho] L, King of Portugal,
born in 1154, succeeded his father, Alfonso I., in 1185.
He is said to have been a prudent and beneficent ruler.
Died in 1212.

Sancho, sin'cho or sank'o, (IGNATIUS,) a negro
poet and miscellaneous writer, born on board a slave-
ship in 1729, was taken to England, where he was
educated, and acquired the friendship of Dr. Johnson,
Garrick, and other distinguished persons. He published
poems, dramatic works, and " Letters." Died in 1780.

See the " Monthly Review" for December, 1783.

San-eho-m'a-thpn or San-ehu-ni'a-thon, |Gr.
^,a.y\om>uiHuv,\ a Phoenician writer, supposed to have
been a native of Ber'ytus, and to have flourished about
fourteen centuries B.C. His principal work is a " His-
tory of Phoenicia," which was translated into Greek from
the Phoenician by Philo of Byblus. The manuscript of
this translation is said to have been found in Portugal in
1835; but it is now generally believed to be spurious.
It was translated into German by Wagenfeld, (1836.'

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grzca;" F. L. VIBE, "Commen-
tatio de Sanchoniathone," 1843 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"nerale."

San Concordio, da, dJ san kon-koR'de-o, (BARTO-
LOMMEO,) an Italian ecclesiastic, born near Pisa in 1262.
His work entitled " Ammaestramenti degli Antichi" is a
translation from the maxims of the ancient philosophers;
and is esteemed a model of elegance in style.

San'croft, (WILLIAM,) an eminent English prelate
and nonjuror, born in Suffolk in 1616, rose through
various preferments to be Archbishop of Canterbury in
1678. After James II. had issued his edict of toleration,
Bancroft and six other bishops presented a petition
against it, and were, in consequence, imprisoned for a
time in the Tower. Having refused to take the oaths
on the accession of William and Mary, (1689,) he was
superseded in his office by Archbishop Tillotson. Died
in 1693.

See the "Life of William Sancroft," by GBORGK D'OvLKV, Lon-
don, 1866; MACAULAY, " Historyof England;" Miss STRICKLAND,
*' Lives of the Seven Bishops."

Sanctia, de, da slnk'tes, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian
author and statesman, born at Morra Irpino, March 28,
1817. He entered the Neapolitan military and civil
service. In 1850 he was imprisoned for a three years'
term, after which he was banished. In 1856 he became
professor of Italian at Zurich. In 1860 he returned to
Naples, after which time he took a prominent part in
Italian affairs, being several times minister of public
instruction. He won distinction as an orator and writer
of excellent abilities. His political position was usually
between that of the radicals and the moderate liberals.
His principal books are " Saggi critic!," " Nuovi Saggi
critici," and " Storia della Lettcratura Italiana," ("His-
tory of Italian Literature.") Died in 1884.
Sanctius. See SANCHEZ, (FRANCISCO.)
Sanc-to'rl-us, an eminent Italian physician, whose
original name was SANTORIO, (san-to're-o,) was born at
Capo d'Istria in 1561. He was appointed in 1611 pro-
fessor of the theory of medicine at Padua. He published



several valuable medical works, the most important ot
hich is entitled "Ars de Statica MedicinS Seclicnibus
Aphorismorum Septem Comprehensa." This treatise,
which was translated into several languages, gives the
result of a series of experiments on insensible perspira-
tion. Died in 1636.

See A. CAPELLI, " De Vita Sanctorii," 1750: HALLER, " BibW
theca Medica ;" notice in the " Biographic Medicale,"(by BOISSBAU.)
Sancy, de, deh sftN'se', ( NICOLAS HARLAY, ) a
French statesman, born in 1546, rose to be superintend-
ent of finance under Henry III. Died in 1629.

Sand, sant, [Lat. SAN'DIUS,] (CHRISTOPH,) a Ger-
man theologian, born at Kbnigsberg in 1644, published
several works in favour of Socinianism. Died in 1680.
Sand, [Fr. pron. s&Nd,] (GEORGE,) the assumed name
of AMANTINE LUCILE AURORE DUPIN, (t'mftN'ten'
lii'sel' 6'roR' dii'paN',) Madame Dudevant, (dii'deh-voN',)
a celebrated French novelist, was born in Paris, July 5,
1804. Her father, Maurice Dupin, an officer of the
army, was a son of M. Dupin de Francueil, who mar-
ried a daughter of the famous Maurice de Saxe. The
subject of this article was thus a great-granddaughter of
Maurice de Saxe, who was a natural son of Augustus
II. of Poland. Her father having died in 1808, she was
educated by her grandmother, Madame Dupin, at the
chateau de Nohant, in the department of Indre, where
she had full liberty to indulge and develop her romantic
and wayward tendencies. She passed three years (1817-
20) in the convent of the Augustines Anglaises, Pans,
and was for a time a zealous devotee, accepting the
mysteries of Catholicism with ecstasy, which was fol-
lowed by a morbid reaction. She tormented herself
with scruples, accused herself of constant sin, and be-
came very despondent. In 1820 she left the convent
and returned to Nohant, where her love and taste for
natural scenery were fostered and developed. She
delighted in horseback-excursions, and studied philos-
ophy in the works of Aristotle, Leibnitz, and Locke ;
but Rousseau was her prime favourite among authors.

She inherited the estate of Nohant on the death of her
grandmother, in 1821, and was married in 1822 to M.
Dudevant, a retired officer of the army. They had two
children, Maurice and Solange. After living together
about ten years, they separated by mutual consent, be-
cause their tastes or tempers were incompatible. She
became a resident of Paris, and, having given up her for-
tune to her husband, adopted the profession of literature
for a subsistence. In conjunction with her friend Jules
Sandeau, she wrote " Rose et Blanche," a tale, (5 vols.,
1831.) She alone produced in 1832 a novel called " In-
diana," which appeared under the pseudonym of George
Sand and had great success. Her celebrity was in-
creased by "Valentine," (2 vols., 1832,) and a paradoxi-
cal work of fiction, entitled " Lelia," (2 vols., 1833,) which,
says the "National Review," "is the most famous and
the most typical of her novels. It is to an English
reader, and judged of from the point of view of common
sense, one of the most incoherent, foolish, morbid, blas-
phemous, and useless books that have been sent across
the Channel during the present century." The same
critic remarks, " She has a true and a wide appreciation
of beauty, a constant command of rich and glowing
language, and a considerable faculty of self-analysis
and self-reflection. ... In spite of all her defects, she
awakens an admiration which cannot be reasoned away.
(See article "George Sand" in the "National Review,"
reprinted in the " Living Age" of February 27, 1858.)

She afterwards produced "Metella," (1833,) "Leone
Leoni," (1834.) "Jacques," (1834,) and " Mauprat,' (2
vols., 1836,) which, with other tales, appeared first in the
"Revue des Deux Mondes." Her " Spiridion" (1839)
and "Consuelo" (1844) are said to have been written
under the inspiration of her friend Pierre Leroux
Between 1844 and 1850 she published pastoral romances
entitled "La Mare au Diable," (1846,) "Francois le
Champi," (1849,) and "La petite Fadette," which were
much admired, as models of a new style of fiction.



The " Nouvelle Biographic Gfoerale" gives this name u
ARMANDINE ; Pierer's " Universal-Lexikon" has AMANDINE ; near!,
ail the other authorities, including Vapcreau, have .. as pvcn abov..



e as *; 9 as ,; g hard; g as/; a. H, ^guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as ,; th as in this. (J[^=See Explanations, p. 2^



SAND



2126



SANDIFOR1



" They are free," says the " National Review," " from al
that provokes censure in her other writings, from theo-
ries, from declamation, from indelicacy. They move as
with a quiet flow that is irresistibly fascinating, and are
full of beauties of language to which it is impossible to
do justice."

George Sand was an advanced liberal in politics. About
the beginning of her literary career she assumed the cos-
tume of the male sex. She professed to be a socialist,
and denounced the conventional system of marriage.
She was an ardent partisan of the revolution of 1848,
after which she edited a democratic weekly paper for a
short time. She was the author of a number of dramas,
among which are "Claudie," (1851,) "Moliere," (1853,)
"Flaminio," (1854,) and " Lucie," (1856.) In 1854 she
published her autobiography, " Histoire de ma Vie," (10
vols.,) in which the disappointed public found too little
of personalities and anecdotes and too much of psychol-
ogy. Among her later works are " Constance Verrier,"
(1860,) " Flavie," (1860,) "Tamaris," (1861.) " Antonia,"
(1861,) "Laura," (1864,) "Monsieur Sylvestre," (1866,)
" Pierre qui Roule," (1869,) " Le Beau Laurence," (1870,)
and " Flamarande," (1876.) " G. Sand," says the " Nou-
velle Biographic Generate," "stands in the first rank
among contemporary novelists. . . . She has had the
original merit to perceive and express the poetry of the
landscapes of France. . . . But it is by her style that
she especially excels." Died June 8, 1876.

See R. WALSH, "George Sand," 1837; SAINTH-BEUVE, "Cau-
teries du Lundi;" LOMBNIE, "Galerie des Contemporains :"
" Foreign Quarterly Review" for December, 1834, January, 1843,
July, 1844, and April, 1846.

Sand, sand or zant, (KARL LUDWIG,) the murderer of
Kotzebue, born at Wunsiedel in 1795. While a student
at Jena he embraced with ardour the cause of the patriots,
and, exasperated by Kotzebue's ridicule of the liberal
party, stabbed him at his residence in Mannheim in 1819.
He was executed in 1820.

See " Memoir of Charles Louis Sand ;" " Monthly Review" for
February, 1820.

Sandberg, sand'bjRg, (JoHAN GUSTAF,) a Swedish
historical painter, born in 1782, worked at Stockholm,
where he died in 1854.

Sand'bjf, (PAUL,) R.A., a celebrated English painter
and engraver, born at Nottingham about 1730. He
was elected a member of the Royal Academy in 1768,
and the same year appointed chief drawing-master to
the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich. He was the
first of his countrymen to execute aquatint engravings ;
and among his master-pieces of this kind are "The
Carnival at Rome," after David Allan, and " Views of
Windsor and Eton." As a painter in water-colours he
occupies a high rank, and he is regarded as the founder
of that school of art in England. Died in 1809.

Saiidby, (THOMAS,) brother of the preceding, was
born at Nottingham in 1721. On the foundation of the
Royal Academy, in 1768, he became first professor of
architecture in that institution. As deputy ranger of
Windsor Great Park, he planned the construction of
Virginia Water, (1754,) and in 1775 he furnished the
design of Freemasons' Hall, London. Died in 1798.

Sande, van den, vin den stn'deh, (JAN,) a Flemish
jurist and historical writer, born in Gelderland in the
sixteenth century ; died in 1638.

Sandeau, sou'ds', (LEONARD SYLVAIN JULES,) a
French novelist, bom at Aubusson in 1811. He began
his literary career as an associate of George Sand, (Du-
devant,) in conjunction with whom he wrote " Rose et
Blanche," (1831.) Among his works are "Mariana,"
(1839,) "Mile, de la SeigliJre," (1848,) "Sacs et Parche-
mins," (1851,) and "La Maison de Penarvan," (1858.)
He was admitted into the French Academy in i8.
Died April 24, 1883.

Sand'e-man, (ROBERT,) born at Perth, in Scotland,
in 1718 or 1723, was the founder of the sect called by
his name. He emigrated in 1764 to New England,
where he died in 1771. He was a son-in-law of John
Glass, the founder of the Glassites.

Sander, san'der, (ANTONY,) a Flemish ecclesiastic,
born at Antwerp in 1586, was the author of several re-
ligious and historical works, (in Latin.) Died in 1664.



Sander, san'der or zan'der, (HEINRICH,) a Gunnaa
naturalist, born in 1754; died in 1782.

See FKDDERSKN, "Leben H. Sander's," 1784; GOETZ, " Lcbea
H. Sander's," 1786.

San'ders, (WILLIAM P.,) an American general, born
in Kentucky about 1833, graduated at West Point ia
1856. He fought for the Union as an officer of cavalry
in several campaigns, and was killed near Knoxville,
Tennessee, in November, 1863.

San'ders or Saun'ders, [Lat, SANDE'RUS,] (NICH-
OLAS,) an English Catholic theologian, born in Surrey
in 1527, published several controversial works. Died
about 1580.

San'der, (ROBERT,) a Scottish litterateur, born at
Breadalbane in 1727. He published "The Newgate
Calendar," (1764,) and other works. Died in 1783.

San'der-spn, (JoHN,) an American litterateur, born
at Carlisle, Pennsylvania, in 1785. He was one of the
authors of the " Biography of the Signers of the Decla-
ration of Independence," (1827.) In 1835 he visited
France, and published, after his return, "Sketches ol
Paris," etc., which was afterwards enlarged and entitled
' The American in Paris." It was very favourably re-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 284 of 425)