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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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ceived, and was translated into French by Jules Janin.
About 1836 he was appointed professor of the Latin
and Greek languages in the Philadelphia High School.
Died in 1844.

San'der-apn, (JOHN SCOTT Burdon-,) M.D., an
English physician, born at Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1828.
He was educated at the University of Edinburgh, was
professor of physiology at University College, London,
1874-82, and in 1882 was chosen to the same professor-
ship in the University of Oxford. He published a large
number of papers on physiology, diseases of cattle,
public health, and other subjects, besides a " Hand-Book
of the Sphygmograph."

San'der-son, (ROBERT,) an English prelate, bom
at Rotherham, in Yorkshire, in 1587. He graduated
at Lincoln College, Oxford, was afterwards appointed
chaplain to Charles I., and in 1642 became regius pro-
fessor of divinity at Oxford. He refused to sign the
covenant He was made Bishop of Lincoln in 1660,
after the accession of Charles II. Among his principal
works are his treatise " On the Obligation of Oaths,"
("De Juramenti Obligatione," 1647,) and "Nine Cases
of Conscience Resolved," (1678.) Died in 1663.

See ISAAC WALTON, "Life of Bishop Sanderson," 1678.

Sanderson, (ROBERT,) an English antiquary, born in
Durham in 1660. He assisted in the compilation of
Rymer's " Fcedera," and wrote a " History of Henry V."
Died in 1741.

Sanderus. See SANDERS.

Sand'fprd, (Sir DANIEL KBYTE,) a Scottish professoi
of Greek, born about 1798, was a son of Bishop Sand-
ford of Edinburgh. He was professor in the University
of Glasgow, also a popular orator and advocate of the
Reform bill. Died in 1838.

Sand'ford, (FRANCIS,) an Irish writer and herald,
aorn in the county of Wicklow in 1630, published a
" Genealogical History of the Kings of Portugal," and
other similar works. Died in 1693.

Sand'hurst, (WILLIAM ROSE MANSFIELD,) LORD, a
British general, born June 21, 1819. In 1835 he entered
the army, in 1845-46 he went through the Sutlej cam
?aign, and was aide-de-camp to Lord Gough at Sobraon,
n 1848-49 he commanded the Fifty-Third Regiment in
the Punjaub, in 1855 he accompanied Lord Stratford de
Redcliffe to the Crimea with the rank of brigadier-gen-
eral, in 1857 he assisted in quelling the Indian mutiny,
n 1860 he was appointed commander-in-chief of the
Bombay army, in 1865 he became commander-in-chief
of the army of India, and in 1870 succeeded Lord Strath-
nairn as lieutenant-general commanding the forces in
India. In 1871 he was raised to the peerage. Died June
23, 1876.

Sandifort, sln'de-fort', (EDUARD,) a Dutch anato-
mist, born at Dort in 1742, became professor of anatomy
at Leyden, and published several works on that science.
Died in 1814.



i, e, T, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; tar, fall, fat; mgt; not; good; m5on:



SANDIN1



2127



SAN GALLO



His son GERARD, born at Leyden in 1779, was pro-
fessor of anatomy and physiology in his native city.
Died in 1848.

Sandini, san-dee'nee, (ANTONIO,) an Italian writer,
*nd professor of ecclesiastical history at Padua, born at
Vicentino in 1692. He was the author of the "Lives
of the Roman Pontiffs," (in Latin,) and other works.
Died in 1751.

Sandius. See SAND, (CHRISTOPH.)

Sandoval, de, da san-do-val', (GONZALO,) a brave
and able Spanish general, who fought under Cortez in
Mexico and was distinguished by his especial favour.
"He was," says Prescott, "in many respects the most



Sandwich, EARL OF. See MONTAGUE, (EDWARD.)
San'djfs, or sandz, (EDWIN,) an English prelate, born
in Lancashire in 1519. He rose to be vice-chancellor
of the University of Cambridge in 1553, but he was
deprived of this office on the accession of Queen Mary,
on account of his refusal ti_ proclaim her. Under the
reign of Elizabeth he was successively created Bishop
of Worcester, (1559,) Bishop of London, (1570,) and Arch-
bishop of York, (1576.) He assisted in the translation
of the Scriptures known as the Bishops' Bible, and was
one of the commissioners appointed to revise the Liturgy.
Died in 1588.

See WHITAKRR, "Life of Edwin Sandys.



eminent of the great captains formed under the eye of Sandys, (Sir EDWIN,) son of the preceding, was born

Cortez." Died in 1528, soon after his return to Spain. in Worcestershire about 1561. He was employed by

See PRKSCOTT, " History of the Conquest of Mexico," vols. ii. James I. on several missions, and was the author of a

nd '" work entitled " Europae Speculum," being an account

Sandoval, de, (Fray PRUDENCIO,) a Spanish prelate O f t h e religious condition of Europe. Died in 1620.

and historian, born at Valladolid about 1560. He was Sandys, (GEORGE,) an English poet, born at York

appointed historiographer to Philip III., who employed j n , 5?7i was a son of Dr. Sandys, Archbishop of York,

him to continue the "Cronica General" of Ambrosio noticed above. In 1610 he visited Palestine, Egypt, and

Morales, which appeared under the title of "History Turkey, of which he published an account after his re-

of the Kings of Castile and Leon." Among his other ^m Among his other works are paraphrases upon the

works are a "History of the Life and Deeds of the p sa lms, the book of Job, Ecclesiastes, Lamentations, the

Emperor Charles V., which is esteemed a standard gong of Solomon, etc., and a translation of Ovid's

work, and has been translated into English, and a "Metamorphoses." His poetry is eulogized by Dryden,



'Chronicle of the Illustrious Emperor of Spain, Don
AlonzoVII." Sandoval was created Bishop of Pampe-
luna in 1612. Died in 1621.

See TicKNOR, "History of Spanish Literature;" N. ANTONIO^
"Bibliotheca Hispana Nova."

Sandrart, von, fon san'drart or zan'dRiRt, (JOA



Pope, Warton, and other eminent writers. Died about
1644.

See H. J. TODD. " Memoir of the Life of G. Sandys." 1839 ; SIR
E. BRYDGES, "Censura Literaria;" WILLMOTT, "Lives of the
English Sacred Poets."

Sandys, sandz, (JOHN EDWIN,) an English scholar,



CHIM,) a German painter, engraver, and art-historian, born May 19, 1844. He was educated at Saint John's

born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1606. He studied j College, Cambridge, of which he became a Fellow and

painting at Utrecht under Gerard Honthorst, and sub- tutor. In 1876 he was chosen public orator of the Uni

sequently spent several years in Italy, where he executed : *"

a number of works for Cardinal Barberini. After residing

for a time at Amsterdam, he settled at Nuremberg, where

he died in 1688. Sandrart's pictures and engravings had

a high reputation in his time ; but his fame rests chiefly

on his work entitled " German Academy of Architecture,

Sculpture, and Painting," (" Die Deutsche Academic

der Bau, Bildhauer und Malerkunst," 2 vols., 1675,) a

part of which has been translated into Latin, under the

title of "Academia Artis Picturse."

See his Autobiography, " Lebeuslauf Joachims von Sandrart,"
1675: CHARLES BLANC, " Histoire des Peintres ;" NAGLER, "All-
gemeines Kunstler-Lexikon."

Sandras. See COURTILZ DE SANDRAS.

Sandras, sftu'dRts', (CLAUDE MARIE STANISLAS,) a
French physician, born at Rocroy in 1802. He pub-
lished a " History of the Cholera," and other medical
works. Died in 1856.

San-dro-cot'tus, [Gr. ZavdpoKorroc; Sanscrit, CHAN'-
DRAGUP'TA, modern Hindoo pron. chun-dra-goop'ta,] an
Indian king, who reigned over the region watered by
the Ganges about 316-292 B.C. His capital was Pah-
bothra, (now Patna.) He resisted, with success, Seleucus
Nicator, who invaded his dominions. He is the Chan-
dragupta of Sanscrit writers. He was of low caste, and



versity. He has edited several Greek texts, with notes

San6, si'na', (JACQUES NOEL,) BARON, an eminent
French naval engineer, born at Brest in 1740. He was
called "the Vauban of the navy." Died in 1831.

Sanfelice di Acquavella, san-fa lee'cha de J-kwa-
vel'li, (GUGLIELMO,) an Italian cardinal, born in 1836.
In 1878 he was consecrated Archbishop of Naples, and
in 1884 was created a cardinal-priest.

San'ford, (EDWARD,) an American poet, born in the
city of New York in 1805, was a son of Nathan, noticed
below. He studied law, but declined to practise. He
was editor of the " Standard," a Democratic journal of
New York, and afterwards one of the editors of the
"Globe" at Washington. Among his poems, which are
distinguished for grace, vivacity, and delicate humour,
we may name the " Lines to a Mosquito," and the ad-
dress "To Black-Hawk." Died in 1876.

See DUYCKINCK, " Cyclopzdia of American Literature," vol ii. ;
GRISWOLD, "Poets and Poetry of America."

Sanford, (NATHAN,) an American jurist and states-
man, born on Long Island in 1779. He was elected
to the United States Senate in 1816, and in 1823 be-
came chancellor of the State of New York. Died in
1838.

San Gallo, da, da san gal'lo, (ANTONIO,) an eminent



his history is especially interesting as marking L,,,.

progress of that great revolution which accompanied \ Italian architect, whose original name was

' - ' 'g ee Q AU . ! (pek-ko'nee,) a nephew of Antonio Giamberti, was born



the introduction of Booddhism into India. (Se
TAMA.)

Sands, (ROBERT CHARLES,) a distinguished Ameri-
can journalist and littirattur, born in New York City or
at Flatbush, Long Island, in 1799. He graduated at
Columbia College, and published in 1820 the poem of
" Yamoyden," written conjointly with his friend James
Wallis Eastburn. He subsequently became associated
with the
writer for
character. He was editor for a time of the " Atlantic



poet Bryant and Mr. G. C. Verplanck as a
r "The Talisman," a literary annual of a high



Magazine," and in 1827 became associate editor of the I See \
New York "Commercial Advertiser." Among his other j QUINCY,



at Mugello about "1482. Under the patronage of Alex-
ander Farnese, afterwards Paul III., he constructed a
number of magnificent edifices at Rome, among which
we may name the Palazzo Sacchetti, and the church of
Madonna di Loretto. In 1536 he was appointed sole
architect of Saint Peter's, for which he prepared a
model at great cost ; but it was not approved by Michael
Angelo, and was finally rejected. The Palazzo Farnese,
in which he was assisted by Michael Angelo, is esteemed
one of his best works. Died in 1546.

Lives of the Painters," etc.: QUATREMERK DI



works are a



Among
1 Historical Notice of Hernan Cortez," and



'Vies des Architectes ;" TICOZZI, "Dizionario."



the "Life and Correspondence of John Paul Jones." He
was also a contributor to the "Tales of Glauber Spa,"



published in 1832. Died in 1832.

See G. C. VERPLANCK, "Life of R. C. Sands;
" poets of America. "



GRISWOLD.



San Gallo, da, (ANTONIO BATTISTA GOBBO,) brothel
of the preceding, was also distinguished as an architect,
and assisted in most of the important works of his
brother.

San Gallo or Sangallo, da, (ANTONIO GIAMBERTI,)
an Italian architect and sculptor, born at Florence in the



' as k; 9 as j; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; as z; th as \nthis. ( jgp=See Explanations, p. 23.)



SAN GALLO



2128



SANT



fifteenth century. Among his best works are the church
of the Madonna at Montepulciano, the fortress of Civiti
Castellana, and the castle of Sant 1 Angelo, formerly the
mausoleum of Hadrian. He was a brother of Giuliano,
noticed below. Died in 1534.

San Gallo, da, (BASTIANO,) an Italian painter, and
relative of the preceding, born at Florence in 1481 j
died in 1551.

San Gallo, da, or Sangallo, (GIULIANO,) an emi-
nent Italian architect, whose proper name was GIULIANO
GIAMBERTI, was born at Florence in 1443. He was
patronized by Lorenzo de' Medici, for whom he built a
palace or villa at Poggio Cajano, and a large convent at
Florence, near the gate of San Gallo, from which he
derived his name. Among his works was a palace at
Savona for Pope Julius II. He was selected by Leo X.
to succeed Bramante as architect of Saint Peter's ; but
he declined the honour. He was a brother of Antonio
Giamberti da San Gallo. Died in 1517.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters," etc. ; CICOGNARA, "Storia
della Scultura;" QUATREMEKB DE OUINCY, " Dictionnaire d' Ar-
chitecture."

Sangro, da, da san'gRo, (RAIMONDO,) Prince of San
Severo, an Italian savant, born in Naples in 1710. He
was versed in various sciences, arts, and languages, and
displayed much inventive genius. Died in 1771.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Sankara, sln'ka-ra, modern Hindoo pron. sunTcuh-
rth, also called Sankaracharya, ("the teacher San-
kara,") a renowned East Indian religious teacher. He
was born in Malabar, of a Brahman family. He led a
wandering life, and died, aged thirty-two, at Kedarnlth,
in the Himalaya. H. H. Wilson assigns him to the
eighth or ninth century A.D., but Hindoo books give him
a much earlier date. He founded a sect of Siva-wor-
shippers, and was looked upon as an incarnation of Siva.
He left several commentaries, which are still extant

Sank'ey, (!RA DAVID,) an American singer, born at
Edinborough, Pennsylvania, August 28, 1840. He won
his chief distinction as the associate of Mr. Moody in his
revival meetings, and by the composition of popular
gospel songs, such as "The Ninety and Nine."

Sanlecque, de, deh soN'lfk', (Louis,) a French
satirical poet, born in Paris in 1652, was a!so a priest.
Died in 1714.

San Micheli, san me-ka'le, written also Sammi-
cheli or San Michele, (GiAN GIROLAMO,) an able
Italian architect, born about 1514, was a nephew and
pupil of the following, whom he aided in his works.
Died in 1559.

San Micheli, san me-ka'lee, or Sammicheli, slm-
me-ka'lee, (MlCHELE,) a celebrated civil and military
architect, born at Verona, in Italy, in 1484. Having
resided for several years at Rome, where he acquired
the friendship of Michael Angelo, Bramante, and other
artists of the time, he was employed about 1525 to con-
struct the new fortifications of Verona, in which he first
introduced the angular bastions, since generally adopted
Dy engineers. Among his other works may be named
the Grimani and Cornaro palaces at Venice, and the
Cappella Pellegrini and church of the Madonna di Cam-
pagna at Verona. Died in 1559.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters," etc. ; A. SELVA, " Eloeio di
M. Sanmicheli," 1814; MILIZIA, "Vile degli Architetti :" Cico-
GNAKA, " Storia della Scultura ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

San Miguel, sin me-ge.1', (Don EVARISTE,) a Span-
ish general and statesman, born in the Asturias in 1780,
served in the campaigns of 1808 and 1820, and subse-
quently was appointed military governor of Aragon.
He was afterwards made captain-general of Madrid, and
president of the revolutionary junta. Died in 1862.

Sanuazar. See SANNAZARO.

Sannazarius. See SANNAZARO.

Sanuazaro, san-nad-za'ro, [ Lat. SANNAZA'RIUS ;
Fr. SANNAZAR, sf'ni'zfR',] (JACOPO,) a distinguished
Italian poet, born at Naples in 1458, was descended
from a noble family in Spain. While on a visit in France
he composed his "Arcadia," (1504,) a pastoral in prose
and verse, which is esteemed a model of elegance and
purity of style. He also wrote a number of Latin poems
which were greatly admired, and several dramatic works



and sonnets in Italian. Sannazaro was patronized by
Frederick, King of Naples, and accompanied that mon-
arch in his exile to France. He died at Naples in 1530,
having attained the rank of one of the best classics of
his country.

See " Lives of the Italian Poets," by REV. H. STEBBING; Lowo-
FBLLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe:" CRTSPO, "Vitadi Sanna
zaro," 1585: J. A. VOI.PI, "Sannazaris Vita;" T. COLANCELO, " Vita
di G. fannazaro," 1819; NICBRON, "Me'moires:" "Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'raJe ;" TIRABOSCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana ;"
"Retrospective Review," vol. x., (1824.)

San-nyVI-on, [Sawvpluv,] an Athenian comic poet,
flourished about 400-375 B.C., and was a contemporary
of Aristophanes.

San Roman, san-ro-man', (MIGUEL,) a Peruvian
general, born in 1802. He had obtained a high rank in
the army, when he was elected President of Peru in
1862. Died in April, 1863.

San Severo. See SANGRO, DA.

Sana-Malice. See AKAKIA.

Sanson, sft.N'six', (ADRIEN,) a French geographer,
was a son of Nicolas, noticed below. He had the title
of geographer to the king. Died in 1708 or 1718.

Sanson, (GUILLAUME,) a geographer of Paris, was a
brother of the preceding. He published several works.
Died in 1703.

Sanson, (Louis JOSEPH,) a distinguished French
surgeon, born in Paris in 1790. He succeeded Dupuy-
tren as professor of clinical surgery in the Hotel-Dieu
in 1836. He was eminent as a practitioner and a writer.
Among his works are "New Elements of Medico-Sur-
gical Pathology," (4 vols., 1825,) and" Des Hemorrhagiea
traumatiques," (1836.) Died in 1841.

See " Biographic Universelle," (new edition.)

Sanson, (NICOLAS,) one of the earliest French geog-
raphers, born at Abbeville in 1600. His first work was
a map of ancient Gaul, which obtained for him the
patronage of Cardinal Richelieu and Louis XIII., and
he was employed by the latter as an engineer in Picardy.
He was treated with marked distinction by the king,
who appointed him his geographer about 1640. Besides
his numerous maps, he published a work entitled "Bri-
tannia, or Researches concerning the Antiquity of Abbe-
ville," (1638.) Died in 1667.

Sanson, (NICOLAS,) a son of the preceding, was born
about 1626. He rescued Chancellor Seguier from the
fury of a mob in Paris, but was killed himself on that
occasion, in 1648

Sausovino, sln-so-vee'no, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian
litterateur, son of Jacopo, noticed below, was born at
Rome in 1521. Among the most important of his works
are his " Hundred Novels from the Most Eminent Italian
Writers," ("Cento Novelle scelti de' piu nobili Scrittori
della Lingua volgare,") "Turkish Annals," (1573,) and^
a "Description of Venice," (1604.)

See FONTANINI and ZBNO. " Biblioteca Italiana:" NKBRON,
" Me'moires ;" TIRABO.SCHI, " Storia della Letteratura Italiana-"

Sansovino, (JACOPO TATTI,) an eminent Italian
sculptor and architect, born at Florence in 1479. He
studied sculpture under Contucci da Monte Sansovino,
whose surname he assumed. He afterwards visited
Rome, where he acquired the friendship of Bramante
and other artists and was patronized by Pope Julius II.
After the sack of Rome he repaired to Venice, where he
constructed numerous public and private edifices. Among
these may be named La Zecca, or Mint, the Palazzo Cor-
naro, ana La Scuola della Misericordia. His colossal
statues of Mars and Neptune in the Doge's palace, and
the Four Evangelists in the chapel of Saint Mark, are
ranked among his master-pieces in sculpture. Died
about 1570.

See GIORGIO VASARI, "Vita di J. Sansovino," 1785; TKMANZA,
"Vita di I. Sansovino," 1752: MILIZIA, "Vile degli Architetti;"
QUATREMERK DB QuiNCV, " Vies des Architectes :" Ticozzi, " Dizi-
onario."

Sansovino, da, da sin-so-vee'no, ( ANDREA CON-
TUCCI,) an eminent Italian sculptor and architect, born
in 1460. He worked at Rome and Loretto. He was
the master of Jacopo Sansovino. Died in 1529.

Sant, (JAMES,) an eminent English painter, born at
Croydon, April 23, 1820. Besides many subject- or



i, e, i, 6, u, y, long; A, e, 6, same, less prolonged ; a, e, i, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fall, fit; mSt; not; good; moan-



SANTA ANA



2129



SAPHIK



figure-pictures, (frequently groups of children,) he has
executed many fine portraits. In 1871 he was made a
full Academician.

Santa Ana, (or Anna,) de, da san'ta an'nl, (ANTO-
NIO LOPEZ,) a Mexican President and general, born in
Mexico or Jalapa about 1798. He fought against Itur-
bide in 1823, against Pedraza in 1828, and against Bus-
tamente in 1830. He was chosen President in 1833, and
became dictator in 1835. The Texans revolted against
Santa Anna, who was defeated and taken prisoner at
San Jacinto in April, 1836, by General Houston. He
was released in 1837, and lost a leg in a battle against
the French in December, 1838. He recovered power in
1841, was banished in 1845, but returned in 1846, and
became general-in-chief. He was defeated by General
Taylor at Buena Vista in February, 1847, and at Cerro
Gordo by General Scott in April of that year. About
this time he was again chosen President ; but, the
American army having taken the capital of Mexico in
September, 1847, ne went into exile. In 1853 he re-
turned, and was appointed dictator for life. After he
had ruled with despotic power about two years, he was
compelled to abdicate in August, 1855, after which he
passed many years in exile. Soon after the death of
Maximilian, June, 1867, Santa Anna returned and made
an attempt against the republic, but failed, and was made
a prisoner. Died June 20, 1876.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Generate ;" " North American Re-
Tiew" for July. 1836.

Santa Cruz, san'ta kRoos, (or kRooth,) (ANDRS,) a
South American statesman and soldier, born in Peru
about 1794, served in the war of independence in 1823,
and in 1829 succeeded General Sucre as President of
Bolivia. He was defeated at Yungai in 1839, and com-
pelled to leave the country. In 1849 he became minister-
plenipotentiary from Bolivia to London, Paris, Rome,
and Madrid. Died at Saint-Nazaire in 1865.

Santa Cruz, de, di san'ta kRooth, or Sainte-Croix,
sim'kRwa', (Don ALVAREZ de Baaaano da ba-sl'-
no,) MARQUIS, a Spanish admiral, born about 1510,
distinguished himself at the battle of Lepanto. He
was appointed about 1587 to the chief command of the
Invincible Armada, but died before it was ready for
action.

Santa Cruz de Marzenado, de, da sin'ta kRooth
di maR-thi-nl'Do, (Alvar de Navia Osorio, il-vaR'
da nl-vee'a o-so're-o,) MARQUIS, a Spanish officer and
military writer, born in 1687, served in the war of the
Spanish succession, and became governor of Oran. He
was killed in an action near that town in 1732.

Santafede, san-ta-fa'da, (FABRIZIO,) a skilful Italian
painter, born at Naples in 1560. He worked mostly in
his native city. Died in 1634.

Santander, sln-tan-daiR', (FRANCISCO de Paula
da pSw'la,) a South American statesman, born in New
Granada in 1792. He fought against Spain in the war
of independence, and was elected Vice-President of the
republic of Colombia in 1821. Having conspired against
Bolivar about 1828, he was banished. In 1832 he was
lected President of New Granada. Died in 1840.

Santarelli, san-ta-rel'lee, (GIOVANNI ANTONIO,) an
Italian engraver, born in the Abruzzi in 1759, worked
in Rome and Florence. Died in 1826.

Santarem, san-tl-reV, ( MANOEL FRANCISCO de
Barros y Souza da bJR'ros e so'zi,) VISCOUNT, a
Portuguese diplomatist and writer, born at Lisbon in
1790, was appointed minister-plenipotentiary to Copen-
hagen, and in 1827 became minister of state. He was
the author of an " Essay on the History of Cosmography
and Cartography during the Middle Ages," (1849,) and
other works. Died in 1856.

Santen, van, vin san't?n, (LAURENT,) a Dutch phi-
lologist, born at Amsterdam in 1746. He resided mostly
at Leyden. He edited several ancient Greek and Latin
works, on which he wrote critical notes. Died in 1798.

Santerre, soN'taiR', (ANTOINE JOSEPH,) a French
revolutionist of the Jacobin party, born in Paris in 1752,
had acquired a large fortune as a brewer in the Faubourg
Saint-Antoine. He took an active part in the storming
of the Bastille, and in the subsequent insurrections of



the 2oth of June and the loth of August. As com-
mander of the National Guard, he caused the king to be
conveyed to the tower, and afterwards presided at hit
execution. He was defeated by the Vendeans, under
Piron de la Varenne, in September, 1793. Died in 1808
or 1809.

See CARRO, " Santerre, sa Vie publique et privet," 1847.

Santerre, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French historical
painter, born near Pontoise in 1651 ; died in 1717.

Santeul, soN'tul', (CLAUDE,) a French ecclesiastic
and Latin poet, born in Paris in 1628, was a brother of
Jean, noticed below. Died in 1684.

Santeul, sftN'tul', or Santeuil, de, deh sflN'tuP,
(JEAN,) [Lat. SANTO'LIUS,] an excellent Latin poet,
born in Paris in 1630, was a canon regular of Saint- Vic-
tor. He wrote Latin hymns with great success. " A
nobleness of thought and splendour of language," says
Hallam, "distinguished the poetry of Santeul, who fur-
nished many inscriptions for public monuments." (" In-
troduction to the Literature of Europe.") Died in 1697.

See "Vieetbons mots de Santeul," Cologne, 1735: DINOUART,
" Santoliana," 1764 : MONTALANT-BOUGLRUX, " Santeul, ou la Poe'sit
Latine sous Louis XIV," 1854 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Santi, sin'tee, or Sanzio, san'ze-o, (GIOVANNI,) an


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 285 of 425)