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Italian poet and painter, born at Colbordolo, was the
father of Raphael. He painted Madonnas and other
religious subjects. Died in 1494.

See VASARI, "Lives of the Painters;" PASSAVANT, " Rafael von
Urbino und sein Vater, G. Santi."

Santi di Tito or Titl SeeTiTi.

Saiitillana. See MENDOZA, (!NIGO LOPEZ.)

Santini, san-tee'nee, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian savant,
born in Tuscany in 1786. He became rector of the
University of Padua in 1825, and was afterwards ap-
pointed professor of astronomy and director of mathe-
matical studies in that institution. He was a correspond-
ing member of the French Institute, and published sev-
eral scientific works. Died at Padua, June 26, 1877.

Santoliua. See SANTEUL.

Santorini, san-to-ree'nee, (GIOVANNI DOMENICO,)
an Italian anatomist, born at Venice in 1681. He wrote
several able works on anatomy and medicine. Died in

1736-

See HALLBR, " Bibliotheca Anatomica ;" POLLAROU, " NoliiU
per servire alia Storia della Vita di G. D. Santorini," 1763.

Santorio. See SANCTORIUS.

Sauuto, sa-noo'to, (Livio,) an Italian geographer of
the sixteenth century ; died before 1588.

Sanuto, (MARINO,) called TORSELLO, (toR-sel'lo,) a
Venetian traveller, who visited the Levant and wrote the
" Book of Faithful Secrets concerning the Recovery
of the Holy Land," (" Liber Secretorum fulelium super
Terrae Sanctae Recuperatione.") Died after 1330.

See POSTANSQUK, " De Marino Sanuto," 1856; TlRABOSCHl,
"Storia della Letteratura Italiana."

Sanuto, (MARINO,) THE YOUNGER, an Italian his-
torian, born in Venice in 1466, was a member of the
Academy founded by Aldus Manutius. He wrote, in



(" Vitas Ducum Venetorum.") Died in 1535.

See RAWDON BROWN, "Ragguagli sulla Vita e sulle Opere di M.
Sanuto," 3 vols., 1837-38; TlRABOSCHl, "Storia della Letteraturl
Italiana."

Sanvitale, san-ve-tj'li, (GlACOMo ANTONIO,)COUNT,
an Italian poet and diplomatist, born at Parma in 1699.
He published numerous poems, one of which is entitled
" Poema Parabolica," (1746.) Died in 1780.

Sanz, slnth, (AUGUSTIN,) a Spanish architect, born
at Saragossa in 1724, was appointed in 1792 director of
the Academy of San Luis. Among his best works are
the church of Santa Cruz and the theatre at Saragossa.
Died in 1801.

Sanzio, (K AFFAELLO.) See RAPHAEL.

Saphir, sa'fSSR, (MORITZ,) a distinguished writer, of
Jewish extraction, born at Pesth in 1794, successively
edited the journals entitled " Berliner Schnellpost, '
"Der Deutsche Horizont," and " Der Humorist."
Among his works, which are chiefly of a humorous and
satirical character, we may name his " Humoristische



tut; 9 as/; %hard; gas/; G, H, Y.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sas; thasinMi'j.

'34



Explanations, p. 23.)



SAPIEHA



2130



SARGANT



Damenbibliothek," and his " Dictionary of Wit and
Humour," (" Conversations-Lexikon fur Geist, Witz und
Humor.") Died in 1858.

See F. F5RSTER, " M. G. Saphir und BerUn," 1828; BEOCK-
HAUS, "Conversations-Lexikon."

Sapieha, sip-ya'ha, (JoHN PETER,) a Polish military
commander, born in 1569, distinguished himself in the
wars with Sweden and Russia. Died in 1611.

Sapieha, (LEO,) high chancellor of Lithuania, born
in 1557, served against the Russians under Stephen
Bathori in 1579, and subsequently concluded a peace of
twenty years with the Czar. After the death of Bathori
he promoted the election of the Swedish king, Sigis
mund III., to the throne of Poland. Died in 1633.

Sa'por [Persian, SHAPOOR or SHAPOR, sha'poor'] L,
son of Artaxerxes, succeeded to the throne of Persia in
238 A.D. He conquered Mesopotamia and Syria, and
caused the emperor Valerian to be put to death. He
was eventually assassinated by his satraps, (269 A.D.)

Sapor II. succeeded Hormisdas II. as King of Persia.
He was engaged in wars with the Romans, and distin-
guished himself by his persecution of the Christians.
Died in 380 A.D.

Sappho, saph'o, [Gr. Sair^u, genitive 2auoV>Cf ; Lat
SAPPHO, genitive SAPPHUS ; Ital. SAFFO, slffo,] written
also Sapho, a Greek lyric poetess of great celebrity, was
born at Mitylene or Eresos.in the island of Lesbos, about
625 B.C. We have little positive knowledge of the
events of her life, but it is known that she lived about
600 B.C. and was a friend of the poet Alcaeus. The
popular tradition that she cherished an unrequited love
for Phaon, and that she threw herself in despair from
the Leucadian rock into the sea, is rejected by modern
critics. She belonged to the ^iolian race, the women
of which were not kept in so strict seclusion as the
lonians. She wrote hymns, elegies, and erotic odes of
exquisite beauty. It is admitted that she has never been
surpassed in sweetness and grace by any lyric poet,
ancient or modern. Her works are lost, except a hymn
to Venus and short fragments of other poems. " Among
the mutilated poets of antiquity," says Addison, "there
is none whose fragments are so beautiful as those of
Sappho. . . . One may see, by what is left of them, that
she followed nature in all her thoughts, without descend-
ing to those little points, conceits, and turns of wit with
which many of our modern lyrics are so miserably in-
fected. Her soul seems to have been made up of love
and poetry. She felt the passion in all its warmth and
described it in all its symptoms. She is called by ancient
authors the tenth muse." (See the " Spectator," No.
223, which contains an English version of her hymn to
Venus.) Versions of her ode to Lesbia, by Catullus,
Boileau, and A. Philips, may be found in the " Spectator,"
No. 229.

See F. G. WELCKEB, " Sappho von einem herrschenden Vorur-
theil befreit," 1816; MOLLBR, "Literature of Ancient Greece,"
vol. i. ; E. TEGNER, "Sapphus Vita et Carmina," 1817; RICHTER,
" Sappho und Erinna," 1833; C. M. DE SALM-DYCK, " Piicis de la
Vie de Sapho," 1810; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge"ne"ra!e."

Saracino, sa-ra-chee'no, or Saraceni, sa-r J-cha'nee,
(CARLO,) an Italian painter, born at Venice in 15851
painted frescos in the Vatican at Rome. Died in 1625.

Sa'rah or Sarai, [Heb. mtf, originally "IBM a He-
brew matron, was the wife of Abraham, and the mother
of Isaac. Her name signifies " princess."

See Genesis li. 29, xii., xvi., xvii. 15-21, xviii., XX., ni.

Sarapis. See SERAPIS.

Sarasin. See SARRASIN.

Sar'as-wat'i, [modern Hindoo pron. sur'us-wut'ee,
from Sdrdswit, a Sanscrit word, signifying "juicy,"
"racy," "flowing," also "elegant,"] the name of the
consort of Brahma, and the goddess of speech, elo-
quence, and music. She was regarded as the inventress
of the Sanscrit language and of the Devanagari alphabet.
(See Introduction, p. 21.) As the patroness of music,
she has by some writers been identified with Minerva,
('AftTvd,) who was sometimes surnamed Musice, (/wvou
and who is said to have been the inventor of the flute.
Sir William Jones addressed to Saraswati a hymn, in
which he speaks of her as one

" Whose sigh is music, and each tear a pearl."

See MOOR. " Hindu Pantheon," p. 125 // teg.



Saravia, sa-ra-vee'a or si'rf've'f, (HADRIAN A.,) a
Protestant theologian, of Spanish extraction, born at
Artois, in France, in 1531, became professor of divinity
at Leyden. Having settled in England in 1587, he was
made prebendary of Westminster. He was an intimate
friend of the celebrated Hooker, and was one of the
divines employed by James I. in the translation of the
Bible. Died in 1613.

Sarazin or Sarrazin, si'ri'zaN', (JACQUES,) a French
sculptor, born at Noyon in 1590. He resided many
years at Rome, where he was patronized by Cardinal
Aldobrandini, for whom he executed the colossal statues
of Atlas and Polyphemus at the Villa Frascati. Among
bis master-pieces in Paris may be named the Mauso*
leum of Cardinal Berulle, " Group of Children playing
with Goats," " The Four Cardinal Virtues," in the
church of Saint Louis, and the Mausoleum of Henri de
Bourbon-Conde. Died in 1600.
Saraziu, (JEAN.) See SARRAZIN.
Sarbievius. See SARBIEWSKI.
Sarbiewski, saR-be-eVskee, [Lat SARBIE'VIUS,]
;MATTHIAS KASIMIR,) a Polish Jesuit and poet, born in
'595> became court preacher to Ladislaus IV. He was
the author of Latin lyrics and other poems, which ob-
tained for him the name of the Sarmatian Horace. Died
1640.

Sarcey, sjR'si', (FRANCISQUE,) a French litttrattur,
sorn at Dourdan (Seine-et-Oise) in 1828. Among his
works are a collection of tales entitled " Le Nouveau
Seigneur" and " Le Mot et la Chose," (1862,) "fitienne
Moret," (1876,) "Les Miseres de Ho-Fi," (1883,)
"Souvenirs de Jeunesse," (1884,) and "Souvenirs
d'Age Mur," (1892.) Died in 1899.
Saicraasius. See SCHURTZFLEISCH.
Saidanapale. See SARDANAPALUS.
Sar-da-na-pa'luB, [Gr. Zapdavairatof ; Fr. SARDANA
PALE,s3R'di'na"pfl'; Assyrian, ASSUR-BANI-PAL,] a king
of Assyria, noted for the weakness and effeminacy of his
character, is supposed to have died in 625 B.C. Accord-
ing to the Greek story, his satrap Arbaces having con-
spired with the Medes against him and besieged Nineveh,
Sardanapalus defended his capital with great courage and
resolution nearly two years. At length, finding resistance
vain, he set fire to his palace and consumed himself,
together with his women and his treasures. His fortunes
have been made the subject of one of Lord Byron's best
tragedies. The Greek story is fabulous : it is supported
by no authority except Ctesias ; but in some respects it
corresponds rather loosely with the history of Saracus,
the last king of Assyria, and with that of Saulmugina.

It is quite certain that the name Sardanapalus repre-
sents that of Assur-bani-pal, the Sineladnos of Ptolemy,
a large part of whose library, made of clay tablets, is
now in the British Museum. He was the greatest mon-
arch Assyria ever had. But his wars and conquests
exhausted the country, and his subjects everywhere rose
in revolt, but were finally conquered. He was cruel and
sensual, but was a great patron of art and letters. He
united the kingdoms of Assyria and Babylonia.

Sardi, saR'dee, (ALESSANDRO,) an Italian antiquary,
born at Ferrara about 1520. Among his works is a
"Treatise on Coins," (1579.) Died in 1588.

Sardou, sfR'doo', (ViCTORlEN,) a French dramatist,
born in Paris in 1831. He produced numerous successful
dramas, among which are " Nos Intimes," (1861,)
"La Patrie," (1869,) " Rabagas," (1872,) "Fe-
dora," (1883,) "La Tosca," (1887,) " Cleopatre
Gismondi," (1894,) " Spiritisme," (1897,) and, with
Moreau, " Madame Sans-Gene." He was elected a
member of the French Academy in 1877.

Sar'gaiit, (WILLIAM LUCAS,) an English author, bom
in Birmingham, October 2, 1809, was educated at Cam-
bridge. Among his works are " Science of Social Opu-
lence," (1856,) "Economy of the Labouring Classes,"
(1857,) "Social Innovators," (1858,) "Life of Robert
Owen," (iS6o,) "Recent Political Economy," (1867,)
" Essays of a Birmingham Manufacturer," (4 vols., 1869
-72,) "Taxation," etc., (1874.) Died in 1889.

In Sir David Lindsay's "Three Estates" the name is written
Sardannfmll.



5. e, 1. 5, B y, long; a, 4, 6, same, less prolonged ; a, e, T, o, u, ?, sAert; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; mit; not; good; m<5on.



SARGENT



2131



SARSFIELD



Sar'gent, (CHARLES SPRAGUE,) an American botanist,
born in Boston, Massachusetts, April 24, 1841. He grad-
uated at Harvard College in 1862, served as a volunteer
staff officer in the war of 1861-65, and afterwards was
made director first of the botanic garden and then of
the arboretum of Harvard University, and professor of
arboriculture. His chief publication is the able " Special
Report" on the forests of North America, made for the
tenth census. He was made a member of the National
Academy of Sciences in 1895, and was editor of
" Garden and Forest" 1887-97.

Sar'gent, (PES, ips,) an American journalist and
miscellaneous writer, born at Gloucester, Massachusetts,
in 1812. He was successively editor of the New York
"Mirror" and the Boston "Evening Transcript." He
published " Velasco," a tragedy, and several other dramas,
" Songs of the Sea, and other Poems," " Arctic Adven-
tures by Sea and Land," (1857,) and a number of excel-
lent educational works. Died December 30, 1880.

See GRISWOLD, "Prose Writers of America."

Sargent, (HORACE BINNEY,) an American lawyer and
litterateur, a son of Lucius Manlius Sargent, was born at
Quincy, Massachusetts, in 1821 ; died in 1867.

Sargent, (JOHN SINGER,) a painter, born at
Florence, Italy, in 1856, the son of an American
doctor. He was elected a member of the Royal
Academy of Great Britain in 1897.

Sargent, (Lucius MANLIUS,) an able and popular
American writer, born at Boston in 1786. He pub-
lished a series of "Temperance Tales," which were
very favourably received, a work entitled " Dealings
with the Dead, by a Sexton of the Old School," (2
vols., 1856,) and a number of poems. Died in 1867.

Sar'gon, a king of Assyria, ascended the throne In
721 B.C. He conquered several adjoining nations, cap-
tured Samaria, and carried away many Israelites as
captives. Died in 704 n.c.

Sar'gon, a great king of Babylonia, concerning whom
little is known. Much that is told of him seems myth-
ical. He was a great lawgiver, and a zealous patron
of literature. He founded the great library of Agane,
near Sippara, famous for its works on astrology and
astronomy. He lived at a very early date.

Sar'jeant or Serjeant, (JOHN,) a Catholic priest,
born in Lincolnshire about 1621, became secretary of
the secular clergy in England. He published a greal
number of controversial works. Died in 1707.

Sarmiento, saR-me-en'to, (DOMINGO FAUSTINO,) a
Spanish-American statesman, born at San Juan de la
Frontera, (now in the Argentine Rgpublic,) February 15,
181 1. He became a celebrated instructor and journalist,
and in 1845 was sent by Chili to Europe and North
America to observe and report on primary schools. He
was afterwards a minister in the government of the Ar-
gentine Republic, was its minister to the United States,
1864-68, and its president, 1868-74. He published "De
la Educacion popular," " Viages," " Vida de Abran Lin-
coln," " Las Escuelas," etc. He died Sept. 8, 1888, and
was buried at Buenos Ayres with distinguished honours.

Sarmiento, saR-me-en'to, ( MARTIN, ) a Spanish
scholar and teacher, born at Segovia in 1692. He wrote
several literary works. Died at Madrid in 1770.

Sarmiento, de, da saR-me-en'to, (JuAN,) a Spanish
historian, who lived about 1550, travelled in Peru, and
wrote a work entitled " Account of the Government ol
the Incas," (" Relacion de la Sucesion y Govierno de las
Ingas," etc., in manuscript.) He is praised by Prescott
for his candour and accuracy and the humane spirit he
manifests towards the natives. He held the office of
president of the Council of the Indies.

Sarnelli, saR-nel'lee, (PoMPEO,) an Italian writer and
ecclesiastic, born at Polignano in 1649. He wrote various
works, in prose and verse. Died in 1724.

See NicriRON, " Me"moires."

Saron or Sarron. See BOCHART DE SARRON.

Sar-pe'don, [Gr. Sapjr^iuv ; Fr. SARPEDON, siR'pi'-
doN',] a personage in the Greek mythology, regarded
as the son of Jupiter and Europa, and a brother of Mi-



nos. Having been expelled from Crete by Minos, he
retired to Lycia, of which he became king.

Sarpedon, a hero and prince of Lycia, mentioned
in the "Iliad," supposed to have been a son of Jupiter
and Laodami'a. According to Homer, he fought for the
Trojans and was killed by Patroclus.

Sarpi, saR'pee, (PAOLO,) an eminent Italian writer
and theologian, born at Venice in 1552, is generally
known as FRA PAOLO, or FATHER PAUL. He entered
the order of Servites at an early age, was subsequently
appointed professor of philosophy at Venice, and in
1579 was elected general of his order. Being made
procureur-general in 1585, he went to reside at Rome,
where he acquired the friendship of Cardinal Bellarmine
and other distinguished men ; but, having been suspected
of heretical opinions and threatened with the Inquisi-
tion, he returned to Venice. He was chosen in 1605
consulting theologian of the republic during its contest
with Pope Paul V., and defended its cause with signal
ability and success. Repeated attempts on his life, and
the entreaties of his friends, induced him to retire to a
convent, where he died in 1623. His "History of the
Council of Trent" (" Istoria del Concilio Tridentino,"
1619) is his most celebrated work, and was translated
into Latin and several other languages. In his writings
Father Paul has boldly attacked the infallibility of the
pope and condemned his usurpations of temporal power.
He is also supposed to have favoured Protestantism.

Sarrans, sfrftN', (BERNARD,) a French journalist and
political writer, born near Toulouse in 1795, became
editor of "La Nouvelle Minerve" about 1830. He
published a treatise " On the Spanish War and the
Tyranny of the Bourbons," " History of Bernadotte,
King of Sweden," (1845,) etc - Died April 7, 1874.

Sarrasin or Sarasin, sS'rS'zaN', (JEAN FRANC.OIS,)
a facetious French litterateur, born near Caen in 1603,
was the author of a "History of the Siege of Dunkirk,"
(1649,) "The Conspiracy of Wallenstein," and other
works, in prose and verse. He was secretary to the
Prince de Conti, and a literary rival of Voiture. Died
in 1654.

Sarrazin, (GABRIEL,) a French author, born at
Laval in 1853. He wrote " Les Poetes Modernes
d'Angleterre," (1885,) "La Renaissance de la
Poesie Anglaise," (1889,) "Les Memoires d'un
Centaure," (1894,) " Le Roi de la Mer," (1897,)
etc.

Sarrazin, (JACQUES.) See SARAZIN.

Sarrazin, si'ri'zaN', (JEAN,) a French general, born
in 1770. He obtained the rank of general of brigade
about 1800, after which he served in several campaigns
In 1810 he deserted to the British. Died about 1840.

Sarrus, sS'riis', (P. F.,) a French mathematician,
born in the department of Aveyron about 1795' He
became professor of analysis at Strasbourg. Died 1861.

Sarrut, sa"rii', (GERMAIN,) a French litterateur, born
at Toulouse in 1800, published a number of political and
miscellaneous works. Died October 30, 1883.

Sara, (GEORG OSSIAN,) an eminent Norwegian zoolo
gist, a son of Michael Sars, was born in 1837. His spe-
cialty is the marine invertebrates, and he has been one
of the conductors of important sea-dredging expeditions.

Sars, (MICHAEL,) an eminent zoologist, born at Ber-
gen, in Norway, August 30, 1805. In 1830 he was
pastor of Kinn, and in 1840 of Manger, on the coast of
Norway. He published in 1846 the first part of his
"Fauna Littoralis Norvegiae," which established his
reputation. In 1854 he became professor of geology in
the University of Christiania, which office he filled with
great honour to his country until his death. His " Me-
moire pour servir a la Connaissance des Crinoides vi-
vants" attracted much attention by showing that the
crinoids, or "stone-lilies," supposed to have been long
extinct, occur in a living state in the abysses of the
Atlantic Ocean. Died October 22, 1869.

Sars'field, (PATRICK,) an able Irish commander and
Roman Catholic, who was a partisan of James II. He
took a prominent part in the battle of the Boyne, (1690.)
He won the confidence of the Irish Jacobites in an emi-



*; %hard; gas/'/G, H, K, guttural; n,nasa/; ^trilled; sasz; th as in //5/j. (JJ^^See Explanations, p. 33.)



SARTAIN



2132



SA TURNUS



nent degree, induced a large part of his army to accom-
pany him to France in 1691, and entered the service of
Louis XIV. He was killed at the battle of Landen,
in 1693.

Sartain, sar-tan', (JOHN,) a distinguished engraver,
born in London in 1808, emigrated to America in 1830,
and settled in Philadelphia. He was the first to in-
troduce mezzotinto engraving into the United States.
In 1849 he established " Sartain's Union Magazine," (pub-
lished monthly,) of which he was for some time editor.
Besides engraving, Mr. Sartain gave considerable atten-
tion to painting in oil and to architecture. Among his
works in the latter field we may mention the lofty
granite monument in Monument Cemetery, Philadel-
phia, in which city, also, the colossal medallion por-
traits of Washington and La Fayette were cast in
bronze from his models. Died October 24, 1897.

Barti, saR'tee, (GIUSEPPE,) an Italian composer, born i
at Faenza about 1730. He became successively chapel-
master at the court of Copenhagen, the Conservatorio
della Pieta, at Venice, and the Conservatory of Kate-
rinoslaf, in Russia. The empress Catherine II. also
conferred upon him a munificent salary, and created him
a noble of the first rank. His works are principally
sacred music and operas : of the latter, his " Giulio Sa-
bino" is most esteemed. Died in 1802.

Sarti, (MAURO,) an Italian scholar, born at Bologna
in 1709, was a monk of the order of Camaldules. He
wrote, besides other works, a " History of the Univer-
sity of Bologna," in Latin, (2 vols., 1769-71.) Died in
1766.

Sartine, de, deh siR'ten', (ANTOINE RAYMOND JEAN
GUALBERT GABRIEL,) Comte d'Alby, a French adminis-
trator, born in 1729. He became lieutenant-general of
police (in Paris) in 1759, and was minister of .marine
from 1774 until 1780. Died in 1801.

Sarto, del, d?l saR'to, (ANDREA Vanuccbi vl-
nook'kee,) a celebrated painter of the Florentine school,
born at Florence in 1488. He studied under Pietro di
Cosimo, and subsequently visited Rome. Among his
master-pieces at Florence are his " Madonna di San
Francesco," in the Florentine gallery, " The Last Sup-
per," (a fresco,) and " Descent of the Holy Ghost," in
the monastery of the Salvi. He also executed several
works for the French king, Francis I. Sarto is distin-
guished for correctness of design, harmonious colouring,
and skill in chiaroscuro. Died in 1530.

Sar-to'ria, (ADELAIDE,) an English author, a daughter
of Charles Kemble, was born in 1816. She went upon
the stage, and won a high reputation as a singer. She
married Mr. Sartoris in 1843. Among her writings are
"A Week in a French Country-House, " (1847,) "Medusa,
and other Tales," etc. Died August 6, 1879.

Sartorius, saR-to're-us, (KNST WILHELM CHRIS-
TIAN,) a German theologian and religious writer, born
at Darmstadt in 1797 ; died in 1859.

Sartorius, (GEORG,) Baron von Waltershausen, born
at Cassel in 1765, wrote a " History of the Hanseatic
League," (1802,) and other works. Died in 1828.

Sart'well, (HENRY PARKER,) an American botanist,
born at Pittsfield, Massachusetts, April 18, 1792. He
was for many years a physician of Penn Yan, New York,
and was a zealous collector of plants. His principal
publication was an unfinished work on the genus Carex.
Died at Penn Yan, November 15, 1867.

Sas'nett, (WILLIAM J.,) D.D., an American Method-
ist divine and writer, born in Georgia in 1820. He was
an eminent pulpit orator, and president of a college at
Auburn, Alabama. Died November 3, 1865.

Saaaanid, (plural Sassanids.) See SASSANID^.

Sassanidae, sas-san'e-de, [Fr. SASSANIDES, sS'sf
ned'; Ger. SASSANIDEN, sis-sl-nee'den : the English
form SASSAN'IDS is also used,] the name of a celebrated
dynasty which reigned in Persia from 226 to 651 A.D.
It was founded by Ardsheer Babegan, a grandson of
Sassan, (or Sasan,) from whom it took its name. Among
the chief rulers of this dynasty were Sapor (Shapoor)
and Chosroes I., (Noushirvan.)

See SMITH, " Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography," eK.



Saasanides or Sassaniden. See SASSANIDAE.

Sasai, sas'see, [Lat. SAX'IUS,] (GIUSEPPE ANTONIO,)
ui Italian scholar and writer, born at Milan in 1673 ot
1675. H ; wrote on the antiquities of Milan, and aided
his friend Muratori in his great work. Died in 1751.

Sassi, (PANFILO,) an Italian poet, born at Modena
about 1455; died in 1527.

Sassoferrato. See SALVI, (GIAMBATTISTA.)

Saaaone, H. See HASSE, QOHANN ADOLF.)

Sathas, sa'this, (KoNSTANTiNOS,) a Greek scholar,
born at Athens in 1842, was educated at the univer-
sity of that city. Among his writings are " Anecdota
Grseca," " History of Greek Literature after the Fall of
the Empire," " History of Greece under the Turks,"
" History of the Greek Language," etc.

Baft Sut'ee, or Sut'tee, [modern Hindoo pron.
sut'ee', the feminine form of the Sanscrit adjective lit,
" true," "good," " virtuous," " pure,"] the name given by
the Hindoos to those widows who burn themselves on
the funeral pile of their husbands, from the belief not
merely that no true or good wife will marry a second
time, but that no devoted wife ought to survive her hus-
band. According to one of the Hindoo legends, Sat!
was the name of a daughter of Daksha and wife of
Siva : through indignation on account of some disre-
spect shown by her father to Siva or to herself, she cast


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 286 of 425)