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herself into a sacrificial fire, and was consumed.

See MOOR, "Hindu Pantheon."

Satolli, (FRANCIS,) a Roman Catholic prelate,
was bom at Perugia, Italy, in 1841. He became an
assistant priest to Pope Leo XIII., was made arch-
bishop of Lepanto, was appointed apostolic delegate
to the United States in 1883, was sent to Baltimore
in 1889 to act for the pope in the matter of the Catholic
University at Washington, and was made a cardinal
in 1896.

Sat'urn, [Gr. Kpwof ; Lat. SATUR'NUS or CRO'NUS ;
Fr. SATURNE, sVtu'Rn',] a god of classic mythology,
and a mythical king of Italy, was called a son of Uranus
and Ge, (or Ccelus and Terra,) the husband of Rhea,
and the father of Jupiter, Neptune, Pluto, Juno, Ceres,
and Vesta. The poets feigned that he dethroned Uranus,
and devoured his own children as soon as they were
born ; but Rhea deceived him by giving him stones,
(wrapped in a cloth,) which he swallowed, and she thus
saved the lives of those above named. He was de-
throned by Jupiter, took refuge in Italy, and was kindly
received by Janus, the king of that country, who gave
him a share of the royal power. Saturn is said to havf
civilized the people of Italy and to have taught them agri
culture and useful arts. His reign was so mild, pacific,
and beneficent that if was called the Golden Age.

The Romans, in honour of Saturn, celebrated an an-
nual festival called Saturnalia, during which general
mirth and license prevailed and slaves were waited on
at table by their masters, with whom they were allowed
to jest with impunity. Saturn was represented as an
old man, holding in his hand a scythe or pruning-knife,
with a serpent biting its own tail, (the emblem of eternity.)

Saturnalia. See SATURN.

Saturne. See SATURN.

Saturniu. See SATURNINUS.

Sat-ur-ni'nus or Saturnilua, one of the earliest
of the Syrian Gnostics, flourished about 125 A.D.

Sat-ur-ni'nua, (CLAUDIUS,) a Roman jurist, the time
of whose birth is unknown, is the supposed author of a
work entitled " De Poenis Paganorum."

Saturninua, [Fr. SATURNIN, sftuVnaN',] (Lucius
APPULEIUS,) a celebrated Roman demagogue, who
became a formidable enemy of the senate and aristo-
cratic party. He was tribune of the people in 102 B.C.,
and again in the year 100. He proposed an agrarian
law, which was passed. His conduct was so seditious
and violent that he was killed, by order of the senate, in

99 B-C.

See SMITH, " Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography, "etc.

Saturninua, (VENULIUS,) a Roman jurist, supposed
to have lived in the time of Alexander Severus.
Saturnus. See SATURN.



a, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, 6, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat; mSt; n5t; good; moon;



SA TYR



SA USSURE



Sat'yr, [Gr. Zarvpoj- ; Lat. SAT'YRUS ; Fr. SATYRE,
sS'teR'.] The Satyrs were fabulous beings, or demi-gods,
associated with the worship of Bacchus, and supposed
to have been the offspring of Mercury. They were rep-
resented as having a body like a man, with the legs and
feet of a goat, and small horns on the head. They were
fond of wine, sleep, and sensual pleasure, and were con-
founded or identified by some with the Fauni of the
Roman mythology. The older Satyrs were called Silent.

Satyre or Satyrua. See SATYR.

Saucerotte, sos'rot', (NICOLAS,) a French surgical
writer, born at Luneville in 1741, was chief surgeon of
a French army from 1794 to 1798. Died in 1814.

His grandson, ANTOINE CONSTANT SAUCEROTTE,
born at Moscow in 1805, became a physician at Lune-
ville. He wrote several works on medicine and natural
history. Died at Luneville, November 3, 1884.

Sauda, sa-oo'da, an Urdu (or Hindostanee) poet,
born at Delhi about 1700; died at Lucknow in 1780.
His satires are the best his country has produced.

Saul, [Heb. blNt?,] the son of Kish, and of the tribe
of Benjamin, was anointed first king of the Israelites, by
Samuel. He waged war successfully against the Am-
monites and Philistines, and in a battle with the Amalek-
ites took captive their king, Agag. Having through
disobedience incurred the displeasure of Jehovah, he
was killed in an engagement with the Philistines, to-
gether with three of his sons, B.C. 1056.

See I. Samuel ix - xxxi.

Saul of Tarsus. See PAUL, SAINT.

Saulcy, de, den so'se', (Louis FELICIEN JOSEPH
Caignart kin'yiR',) a French archaeologist, born at
Lille in 1807. He published in 1836 an "Essay on the
Classification of Byzantine Coins," which obtained the
prize from the French Institute. In 1842 he succeeded
Mionnet as a member of the Academy of Inscriptions,
and in 1859 became a senator. Having visited Pales-
tine in 1850, he published his " Travels around the Dead
Sea and in the Biblical Lands," (1852.) He wrote other
works on numismatics, etc. Died November 4, 1880.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Saulmugina, a brother of Assur-bani-pal, King of
Assyria, (see SARDANAPALUS,) who made him titular
King of Babylon. Saulmugina, tired of his vassalage to
his brother, conspired with the kings of Klam and made
war against Assyria, but was finally overcome. He then
shut himself up in his palace. According to George
Smith and most other Assyriologists, he set fire to the
palace and perished in the flames. Lenormant says
that he was pardoned at the intercession of his sister ;
Fox Talbot, that he was either devoured by lions or
burned to death in a furnace.

Saulx de Tavannes. See TAVANNES.

Saumaise. See SALMASIUS.

Saumarez or Sausmarez, de, deh so'mfra',
(JAMES,) LORD, a British admiral, of French extraction,
born on the island of Guernsey in 1757. Having served
for a time in America, and subsequently against the
Dutch in 1781, he was appointed in 1793 to the com-
mand of the Crescent, and distinguished himself in
several engagements with the French. As commander
of the Orion, he assisted in gaining the victory over the
Spanish fleet off Saint Vincent in 1797, and was after-
wards second in command at the battle of the Nile.
Having been made rear-admiral of the blue in 1801, he
was appointed to command the squadron off Cadiz, and
soon after gained a signal victory over the united French
and Spanish fleet, for which achievement the order of
the Bath was conferred upon him. In the subsequent
war with Russia he commanded the Baltic fleet, and
after peace was restored was created in 1821 vice-ad-
miral of Great Britain. He was made a peer, with the
title of Baron de Sausmarez, in 1831. Died in 1836.

See SIR JOHN Ross, " Memoirs, etc. of Admiral Lord de Sau-
marez," 1838 ; CAMPBELL, " Lives of the British Admirals."

Saun'deri, (Sir EDMUND,) an English jurist undei
the reign of Charles II., rose to be chief justice of the
court of king's bench in 1682. Died in 1683.

Saunders, (JOHN CUNNINGHAM,) an English sur-
geon and oculist, born in Devonshire in 1773, published



treatises " On the Diseases of the Eye" and " On tho
Anatomy and Diseases of the Ear." Died in 1810.

Saunders, (JOHN,) an English novelist, born at
Barnstaple in 1811. In 1846 he founded "The 1V<>-
pie's Journal," the first illustrated magazine. Of his
many novels, the best was "Abel Drake's Wife,"
which he dramatized. He died in 1895. Hisdaughter,
KATHARINE SAUNDERS COOPER, was the author of
" Gideon's Rock" and other novels.

Saunders, (WILLIAM,) M.D., born in 1743, was ap-
pointed senior physician to Guy's Hospital, London.
He wrote several medical works. Died in 1819.

Saun'der-son, (NICHOLAS,) an English scholar and
mathematician, born in Yorkshire in 1682. He lost his
sight at the age of twelve months, but, notwithstanding
this misfortune, he made rapid progress both in the
classics and the exact sciences. In 1711 he succeeded
Whiston as Lucasian professor of mathematics at Cam-
bridge, having previously received the degree of M.A.,
and in 1728 he was made Doctor of Laws. He was the
author of treatises on the " Elements of Algebra" and
" On Fluxions." He was a friend of Newton and other
eminent philosophers of the time. Died in 1739.

Sauppe, sowp'peh, (HERMANN,) a German scholar,
born at Wesenstein, in Saxony, December 9, 1809. In
1838 he was appointed a professor in the Zurich Univer-
sity, and in 1856 was made professor of philology at
Gottingen. He edited many texts of Greek and Latin
authors, with notes. Died September 16, 1893.

Saurau, von, fon so'ro', (FRANZ,) COUNT, an Aus-
trian statesman, born in Vienna in 1760. He was ap-
pointed governor of the province of Austria in 1810, and
governor of Lombardy in 1815. In the last-named year
he became the chief of all the chanceries of the empire.
Died about 1830.

Saurin, so'raN', (BERNARD JOSEPH,) a French drama-
tist, born in Paris in 1706, was a son of Joseph Saurin,
noticed below. He was the author of "Spartacus," a
tragedy, (1760.) "The Manners of the Time," ("Moeura
du Temps,") and other comedies. He was a member of
the French Academy, and numbered among his friendi
Voltaire and Montesquieu. Died in 1781.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Saurin, (LIAS,) a French Protestant divine, born in
1639, was the author of " Reflections on the Rights of
Conscience," and other similar works. Died in 1703.

Saurin, (JACQUES,) a French Protestant divine and
eloquent pulpit orator, born at Nimes in 1677. Having
studied at Geneva, he became in 1701 pastor of the
Walloon church in London, and subsequently resided
at the Hague, in Holland, where he preached for twenty-
five years with the highest reputation. He published
a large collection of sermons, some of which have been
translated into English, a treatise " On the State of
Christianity in France," (1725,) and " Discourses, His-
torical, Theological, and Moral, on the Principal Events
of the Old and New Testaments." Died in 1730.

See CHAKLKS WKISS, " Notice sur la Vie de J, Saurin," 1854;
J. P. ROMAN, " Essai sur Saurin," 1836; HAAG, " La France pro-
testante ;" "Monthly Review" for March, 1785: "Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Saurin, (JOSEPH,) a French mathematician, brother
of Elias, noticed above, was born at Courtaison in 1659.
In 1707 he was elected to the Academy of Sciences, to
which he contributed a number of valuable scientific
essays. He was originally a Calvinist minister, but sub-
sequently became a Catholic. Died in 1737.

See HAAG, "La France protestante. "

Sau'rin, (WILLIAM,) an Irish jurist and statesman,
born in 1767, became attorney-general for Ireland in
1807. Died in 1840.

Sausmarez. See SAUMAREZ.

Saussay, so'sj', (ANDRE,) a French ecclesiastic, born
in Paris about 1595, was appointed preacher-in-ordinary
to Louis XIII., and made Bishop of Toul in 1649. He
published a work entitled "Martyrologium Gallicanum."
Died in 1675.

Saussaye, La. See LA SAUSSAYE, DE.

Saussure, (ALBERTINE ADRIENNE.) See NECKER.



e as k; 5 as i; | hard; g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal: R, trilled; s as s: th as in this.



See Explanations, p. 23.;



SA USSUXE



S AVAR ON



Saussure, de, deh sS'su'R', (HORACE BENEDICT,) an
eminent Swiss naturalist, born at Geneva in February,
1740. He was assisted in his scientific studies by his
maternal uncle, Bonnet, and by the celebrated Haller,
and at the age of twenty-two became professor of philos-
ophy in the College of Geneva. Having made numerous
excursions among the Alps, Jura, and other mountain-
chains, with the view of exploring their natural phe-
nomena, he ascended in 1788 to the summit of Mont
Blanc. His most important work, entitled " Voyages
dans les Alpes," was published in 4 vols. in 1796.
Among his other writings we may name a " Physical
Dissertation on Fire," (1759, in Latin,) " Essays on Hy-
grometry," ( 1 783,) and "Relation abre'ge'e d'un Voyage
I la Cime du Mont Blanc en Aoflt, 1787," (1787.) He
was the inventor of instruments called the cyanometer
and the diaphanometer, for ascertaining the transparency
of the air at different heights, and also made improve-
ments in the thermometer, hygrometer, etc. Of Saus-
sure, Cuvier observes, " The new facts which he has
signalized, and the errors he has destroyed, will always
render his labours infinitely valuable to naturalists, and
will make of them the principal base and true touch-
stone of the systems one can imagine for the future."
Died at Geneva in 1799.

See CUVIER, " filoge de Saussure :" SENEBIER, " Me'moires his-
toriques sur la Vie et les ficrits de Saussure," 1801 ; " Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Saussure, de, (NICOLAS,) a Swiss rural economist,
born at Geneva in 1709, was the father of the preceding.
He published several works on rural economy. Died
in 1790.

Saussure, de, (NICOLAS THEODORE,) a chemist and
naturalist, born at Geneva in 1767, was a son of Horace
Benedict, noticed above. He published " Chemical Re-
searches on Vegetation," (1804,) and contributed many
memoirs to several scientific journals. In 1810 he was
elected a corresponding member of the French Institute.
Died in 1845.

Sautel, so'tel', (PIERRE JUST,) a French Jesuit and
Latin poet, born at Valence in 1613. He wrote several
elegant Latin poems. Died in 1662.

Sauvage, s5'vizh', (DENIS,) Sieur Du Pare, a French
litterateur, born about 1520, became historiographer to
Henry II. He edited the works of Froissart, Comines,
and Monstrelet. Died about 1587.

Sauvage, so'vlzh', (TIENNE NOEL JOSEPH,) a Bel-
gian advocate, born at Liege in 1789. He was minister
of the interior from March to August, 1831, and became
president of the court of cassation in 1832. Died 1867.

Sauvages, de, deh so'vfch', (FRANC.OIS BOISSIER,) a
French medical writer and botanist, born at Alais (Gard)
in 1706. He became professor at Montpellier about
1740, and published, besides other works, " Methodical
Nosology," ("Nosologia Methodica," 5 vols., 1763.)
Died in 1767.

See BARBASTB, " Guide sur Boissier de Sauvages," 1791 ; " Bio-
graphic Me'dicale ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Sauval, so'vil', (HENRI,) a French historian, born
in Paris about 1620. He wrote a " History of the An-
tiquities of Paris," (3 vols., 1724.) Died in 1669 or 1670.

Sauveur, SO'VUR', (JOSEPH,) a French mathematician
and philosopher, born at La Fleche in 1653. He was
appointed in 1680 teacher to the pages of the dauphin-
ess, and in 1686 professor of mathematics in the Royal
College at Paris. He was elected to the Academy of
Sciences in 1696. He was especially distinguished for
his improvements in the science of acoustics, upon which
he published a number of essays. Died in 1716.

See FONTKNELLK, " filoges :" MONTUCLA, "Histoire des Mathe'-
natiques."

Saux, de, deh s5, (SOPHIE,) a French artist, known
professionally as HENRIETTE BROWNE. She was born
in Paris in 1829, the daughter of the Count de Bouteil-
lon, and became the wife of Jules de Saux. She has
acquired distinction chiefly as a genre-painter.

Sauzet, so'zV, (JEAN PIERRE PAUL,) an eloquent
French advocate and politician, born at Lyons in 1800.
He gained distinction as counsel for the defence in
political trials, and was elected to the Chamber of



Deputies in 1834. He was minister of justice from
February to September, 1836. Between 1839 and 1848
he was elected President of the Chamber of Deputies
ten times. He presided during the revolution of Febru-
ary, 1848, and resisted the insurgents who invaded the
chamber. After that event he took no part in public
life. Died at Lyons, July 12, 1876.

See CORMHNIN, " Livre des Orateurs :" Louis BLANC, " Histoire

de dix Ans :" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale,"

Sav'age, (EDWARD,) an American painter and en-
graver, born at Princeton, Massachusetts, in 1761, was
a pupil of Benjamin West. He painted the family of
Washington. Died in 1817.

Savage, (JoHN,) an English divine of the eighteenth
century, published a "Collection of Letters of the An-
cients, whereby is discovered the Morality, Wit, Hu-
mour, etc. of the Greeks and Romans." Died in 1747.

Savage, (JOHN,) an American jurist, born about 1780.
He was chief justice of the supreme court of New York
for fourteen years. Died at Utica in October, 1863.

Savage, (JOHN,) an Irish-American author, born in
Dublin, December 13, 1828. He went to the United
States in 1848, and became a journalist in New York.
Among his works are "Lays of the Fatherland," (1850,)
"Modern Revolutionary History and Literature of Ire-
land," (1856,) "Fenian Heroes and Martyrs," (1868,)
" Eva, a Goblin Romance," " Faith and Fancy," (poems,
1864,) "Sibyl, a Drama," (1865,) etc.

Savage, (MARMION W.,)an Irish novelist, born about
1815. In 1856 he removed from Dublin to London and
became editor of the " Examiner." Among his books
are "The Falcon Family," (1845,) "The Bachelor of the
Albany," (1849,) "My Uncle the Curate," "Reuben
Medlicott," (1852,) " A Woman of Business," (1870,) etc.
Died at Torquay, May I, 1872.

Savage, (MiNOT JUDSON,) an American clergyman,
born at NorridgewOck, Maine, June 10, 1841. He grad-
uated at Bangor Theological Seminary in 1864, and be-
came a Congregationalist preacher, but afterwards joined
the Unitarian denomination, and was pastor of the
Church of the Unity in Boston 1874-96, and subse-
quently of the Church of the Messiah, New York.
He became widely known as an advocate of radical
evolutionary views. He published numerous works,
largely of evolutionary theology. His " Life after
Death," (1899,) gave facts in support of his belief in
spiritualism. His son, PHILIP HENRY, born 1868,
died 1899, was the author of two volumes of poems.

Savage, (RICHARD,) an English poet, noted for his
misfortunes and for his dissolute habits, was born in
London in 1698. He is believed to have been a natural
son of the Countess of Macclesfield and the Earl of
Rivers. He was abandoned by his mother and placed
with a nurse, who was charged to bring him up in ig-
norance of his birth. Having subsequently discovered
the secret of his parentage, he made many ineffectual
attempts to obtain recognition and support from Lady
Macclesfield. He was befriended by Sir Richard Steele>
and Dr. Johnson. Among his works were "The Wan-
derer," a poem, (1729,) and several dramas. He killed
a man in a brawl in 1727, and was condemned to death,
but was pardoned. Died in 1743.

Savage, (RICHARD HENRY,) an American author,
born at Utica, New York, in 1846. He graduated at
the United States Military Academy in 1868, was in the
Egyptian army 1871-74, a railroad engineer 1874-84,
then lawyer and author. His works embrace poems,
novels, etc.

Savarie de Mauleon, st'vi'Re' deh mo'la'oN', a
French baron and troubadour, about 1200 became Grand
Seneschal of Aquitaine, and fought with the Albigenses,
against Simon de Montfort. He was a man of vacillating
disposition, but was noted for his songs called tenzont.
Died about 1230.

Savaron, sf vi'roN', (JEAN,) a French historian and
political writer, born at Clermont in 1550. He was an
advocate of the rights of the tiers-ltat, (third estate,) and
wrote, besides other works, a " History of the States-
General," (1615.) Died in 1622.



i, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, J, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon:



SAVART



2135



SAVONAROLA



Savart, si"vtR', (FELIX,) a French savant, born at
Mezieres in 1791, was a physician. He succeeded Am-
pere as professor of physical philosophy in the College
of France. He wrote on the vibrations of bodies and
the laws of their communication. Died in Paris in 1841.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Giainle."

Savary, si'vS're', (ANNE JEAN MARIE REN,) Due
de Rovigo, an able French general and diplomatist,
born at Marcq (Ardennes) in 1774. He entered the
army in 1790, served as captain under Moreau in 1796,
and was aide-de-camp of Desaix in Egypt in 1798-1800.
He became aide-de-camp to Bonaparte in 1800, a gen-
eral of brigade in 1803, and general of division in 1805.
Having obtained command of a corps, he gained a vic-
tory over the Russians at Ostrolenka in 1807. In 1808
he received the title of Due de Rovigo, and was sent on
a diplomatic mission to Madrid. He succeeded Fouche
as minister of police in June, 1810. He adhered to Bona-
parte after his defeat at Waterloo, and offered to accom-
pany him to Saint Helena, but was detained in prison
at Malta seven months. He wrote autobiographic " Me-
moires," (8 vols., 1828.) In 1831 he obtained the chief
command of the army in Algeria. Died in 1833.

See ACHILLE ROCHE, "De MM. le Due de Rovigo et le Prince
de Talleyrand," 1823 ; THIHRS, " History of the Consulate and the
Empire;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale, "

Savary, (FRANCOIS.) See BRAVES, DE.

Savary, (JACQUES,) a French writer on commerce,
born in Anjou in 1622. He published a work entitled
"The Complete Merchant," ("Le parfait Negociant,")
which was translated into the principal European lan-
guages. Died in 1690.

Savary, (NICOLAS,) a French traveller, born at Vitre',
in Brittany, in 1750. He set out in 1776 for Egypt, where
he passed three years, and subsequently visited the
Grecian Archipelago. On his return to France he pub-
lished a translation of the Koran, accompanied with
notes, and a Life of Mohammed, which is esteemed the
best in the French language. His " Letters on Egypt"
came out in 1785, and obtained great popularity, having
been translated into English, German, Dutch, and Swed-
ish. His " Letters on Greece" came out a short time
after his death, which took place in 1788. He also trans-
lated from the Arabic a tale entitled " The Loves of
Anas Eloujoud and Ouardi," (1789.)

Savary des Brulons, sf'vS're' di buii'lAn',
(JACQUES,) a son of Jacques Savary, noticed above, was
born in 1657. He was appointed inspector-general of
manufactures in 1686. With the aid of his brother
Philemon Louis, he compiled a " Dictionary of Com-
merce, Arts, and Trades," (3 vols., 1723-30.) Died in
1716. PHILEMON Louis was born in 1654 ; died in 1727.

Savelli. See HONORIUS III.

Saverien, siv're^N', (ALEXANDRE,) a French savant
and writer, born at Aries about 1722, was a naval en-
gineer, (inglnieur de marine.) He wrote, besides other
works, a "Marine Dictionary," ("Dictionnaire de Ma-
rine," 1758,) and a " History of Modern Philosophers,"
(4 vols., 1760-73.) Died in Paris in 1805.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nirale."

Saverio. See XAVIER, (FRANCIS.)

Savery, saVre', (ROLAND,) an eminent Flemish
landscape-painter, born at Courtray in 1576, was a pupil
of his father. He was patronized by the emperor Ru-
dolph II., for whom he worked at Prague. He removed
to Utrecht in 1612. Many of his pictures are rocky land-
scapes adorned with figures of animals. Died in 1639.

Sa'v?r-y, (THOMAS,) CAPTAIN, an English engineer,
and one of the inventors of the steam-engine. He was
associated with Newcomen as patentee of the invention
for producing a vacuum under the piston. Died in 1715.

Savigny, von, fon st'ven'ye', (FRIEDRICH KARL,) an
eminent German jurist, of French extraction, born al
Frankfort-on-the Main in 1779. He published in 1803
an important work entitled " Right of Possession,"
("Rechtdes Besitzes.") In 1804 he married Miss Bren-
tano, a sister of the poet of that name. He became
professor of law at Landshut in 1808, and obtained in
1810 a chair in the University of Berlin, which he filled



thirty-two years. He was appointed a member cf the
council of state about 1817. His principal works are
a " History of Roman Law during the Middle Ages," (6
vols., 1815-31,) and "System of Modern Roman Law,"
(" System des heutigen Romischen Rechts," 8 vols.,
1840-48.) In 1842 he was appointed minister of justice
of Prussia. " His ideas have made the tour of the world,"
says Laboulaye ; " they have transformed the science.
Died in October, 1861.

See LABOULAYE, " F. C. de Savigny," 1842; RUDORFF, "Erin-
nerung an Savigny," 1862; STINZING, " F. C. von Savigny," 1863 ;
" Nouvelle Biographic Gen^rale."

Savile or Saville, (GEORGE.) See HALIFAX, MAR-
QUIS OF.

Savile, sav'il, (Sir HENRY,) an English mathemati
cian and classical scholar, born in Yorkshire in 1549.
He graduated at Oxford in 1570, and, after his return
from a tour on the continent, became tutor in the Greek
language and mathematics to Queen Elizabeth. He was
made provost of Eton College in 1596, and was subse-
quently knighted by James I. He was the founder of two
professorships in the University of Oxford, besides other
liberal donations to that institution, to which he also
bequeathed a valuable library. Among his principal
publications are " Lectures on the First Book of Euclid's
Elements," a collection of English historians, entitled
"Rerum Anglicarum Scriptores post Bedam," (1596,)
and an excellent edition of the works of Saint Chrys-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 287 of 425)