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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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ostom, (1613.) He died in 1622, having acquired the
reputation of one of the most profound and accomplished
scholars of his time. "We may justly deem him," says
Hallam, "the most learned Englishman in profane liter-
ature of the reign of Elizabeth."

Savioli, sa-ve-o'lee, (LuiGi VICTOR,) an Italian poet,
born at Bologna in 1729. He wrote Anacreontic poems,
entitled " Amori," (1795.) Died in 1804.

Savonarola, sa-vo-na-ro'la, (GIOVANNI MiCHELE,)
an eminent Italian physician, born at Padua in 1384, was
a grandfather of Girolamo, noticed below. He became
professor of medicine at Ferrara, and published several
medical works. Died in 1461.

Savonarola, [Fr. SAVONAROLE, sf'vo'nf rol',] (GI-
ROLAMO,) a celebrated Italian reformer and pulpit
orator, born at Ferrara in 1452. He became a Dominican
monk in 1475. His first attempts to preach proved a
failure ; but he persevered until he became an eloquent
and popular preacher. He boldly denounced the cor-
ruptions of the Church, and the vices of priests and
monks. He also advocated republicanism or political
liberty. In 1491 he was chosen prior of the convent of
Saint Mark at Florence, where he effected important
reforms. He acquired great political influence at Flor-
ence, and after the expulsion of the Medici (1494) was
the leader of the liberal party, called " Piagnoni," (pe-an-
yo'nee,) by which a new constitution was adopted on
Christian principles. Having refused to submit to papal
authority, he was excommunicated by Alexander VI. in
1497. The popular enthusiasm grew cool, a reaction
ensued, and the enemies of Savonarola gained the ascend-
ency in Florence. He was arrested, tortured, condemned,
and strangled in May, 1498. A few years later, Raphael
painted his portrait in the Vatican among the saints and
doctors of the Church. Savonarola published, besides
other works, "The Triumph of the Cross," etc.,
(" Triumphus Crucis de Veritate Fidei," 1497.) " His
absolutely blameless moral character, his wonderful
abilities, his command of all the knowledge of his time,
his power of communicating his own holiness to others,
even his rigid authority as regards the great doctrines
of his Church, who will impeach?" ("Quarterly Re-
view," article on Savonarola, reprinted in the " Living
Age," vol. 1. p. 641, 1856.) His complete works were
published at Lyons, (6 vols., 1633-40.)

See T.NERI, "Apologiain Difesa della Dottrina di G.Savonarola,"
1564; Pico DELLA MIRANDOLA, "Vita Savonarola;," 1674; SPANG-
BNBERG, " Leben, Lehre und Tod Savonarola," 1557: BURLAMAC-
CHI, "Vita di G. Savonarola," 1764 ; RUDELBACH, " Savonarola und
seine Zeit," 1835; FR. KARL MEIER, "G. Savonarola." 1836; E.
MARION or MARIN, "Viede J. Savonarole," 1839; P. I. CARLE,
" Histoire de Savonarole," 1842 ; MADDEN, " Life and Martyrdom
of Savonarola," 2 vols., 1853 ; PERRENS, " Savonarole, sa Vie, ' etc.,
1854; P. VILLARI, "Storia di G. Savonarola," 1860, (translated into
English by HORNER, 1863.)



as k; f as t ; g hard; g as/; G, H, Vi,giittural; N, nasal; R. trilled; s as z; th as in this. (jJ^ = Se Explanations, p. 23.



SAVOT



2136



SAY



Savot, sS'vo', (Louis,) a French physician and anti-
quary, born at Saulieu in 1579, was physician to Louis
XIII. He published several treatises on medicine and
numismatics. Died in 1640.

Saw'yer, (CAROLINE M. FISHER,) was born at
Newton, Massachusetts, in 1812. She published sev-
eral religious works, and made numerous translations
from the German and French. From 1861 to 1864
she was editor of the "Ladies' Repository." Died
May 19, 1894.

Saw'yer, (Sir ROBERT,) an English lawyer and
statesman, rose to be attorney-general in 1680. He
was afterwards a member of Parliament for the Univer-
sity of Cambridge. He was accessory to the death of
Lord Russell. Died in 1692.

Sawyer, (WILLIAM KINGSTON,) an English author,
born at Brighton, July 26, 1828. Among his works are
" Stray Leaves," (1846,) " Thought and Reverie," ( 1849,)
" Ten Miles from Town," (1866,) " The Legend of Phyl-
lis," (1872,) etc. Most of the above are in verse. Mr.
Sawyer wrote many novels. Died June 20, 1876.

Sax, slks, (ANTOINE JOSEPH ADOLPHE,) a Belgian
maker of musical instruments, born at Dinant in 1814.
He invented the saxophone and other brass instruments
of military music. He became professor of music in the
Conservatory of Paris in 1857. Died February 9, 1894.

Sax, saks, [Lat. SAX'IUS,] (CHRISTOPH,) a German
icholar, born in Saxony in 1714. He became in 1753
professor of history at Utrecht His chief work is his
"Onomasticon Literarium, sive Nomenclator historico-
criticus przstantissimorum omnis jEtatis, Populi, Arti-
umque Formulae Scriptorum," etc., (8 vols., 1775-90.)
This is a dictionary of the eminent authors of all ages
and countries. Died in 1806.

Sax'by, (JESSIE MARGARET,) a Scottish author,
born (Edmondston) at Halligarth, Shetland Islands,
in 1842. She married Henry L. Saxby, author of
"The Birds of Shetland," etc. She has written
more than thirty volumes of tales, poems, and travels,
the most popular being a series of tales of Shetland
adventure for boys.

Saxe, slks, (HERMANN MAURICE,) [Ger. MORITZ
VON SACHSEN, mo'rits fon saks'en,] COUNT OF, a fa-
mous general, born at Goslar or Dresden, in Saxony,
October 28, 1696, was a son of Augustus II., Elector
of Saxony and King of Pojand, and the Countess von
Konigsmark. He entered the army in 1708, and dis-
tinguished himself in several battles against the Swedes
and French. About 1720 he entered the French ser-
vice. He was elected Duke of Courland in 1726, but
was soon driven out of that duchy by the Russians and
Poles. He was for a time the favoured lover of Anna
Ivanovna, who became Empress of Russia in 1730. In
1734 he fought against the Austrians and obtained the
rank of lieutenant-general in the French army. He
captured Prague in 1741, was raised to the rank of
marshal of France in 1744, and obtained command of
the army in Flanders in 1745. He gained victories over
the allies at Fontenoy, (1745,) Raucoux, (1746,) and
Laufeld, (1747.) He had married a Countess of Loben
about 1712, but he obtained a divorce from her a few
years later. He wrote a work on military affairs, en-
titled "My Reveries," (" Mes Reveries," 5 vols., 1757.)
Died in 1750. His daughter, Madame Dupin, was a
grandmother of George Sand the authoress.

Sec BARON D'ESPAGNAC, " Histoire du Marshal Saxe;" RAN?T,
" Leben des Grat'en yon Sachsen," 1746; LA BARRB DU PARCQ,
" Biographic et Maximes du Marshal de Saxe." 1851 ; C. VON
WBBSR, " Moritz yon Sachsen." 1863; MAJOR-GENERAL J. MIT-
CHELL, " Biographies of Eminent Soldiers of the Last Four Cen-
turies," 1865 ; A. THOMAS. " Eloge de Maurice Comte de Saxe."
1759; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nirale;" "Edinburgh Review" for
October, 1864; " Eraser's Magazine" for April, 1841.

Saze, siks, (JOHN GODFREY,) a distinguished Ameri-
can humorous poet, born in Franklin county, Vermont,
in 1816. He graduated at Middlebury College, Vermont,
in 1839, and subsequently became editor of the "Bur-
lington Sentinel." He was elected State's attorney in
1851. A collection of his poems appeared in 1849.
They rank among the most successful productions of



their kind, and have obtained extensive popularity. A
new edition of his celebrated poems was published in
1864. lie produced in 1866 "The Masquerade, and
other Poems," and " Leisure Day Rhymes" in 1875.
Died March 31, 1887.

Saxe-Coburg, DUKE OF. See ERNEST.

Saxe-Coburg, PRINCE OF. See COBURG.

Saxe- Weimar, DUKE OF. See BERNHARD.

Saxius, (CHRISTOPH.) See SAX.

Sax'o Gram-mar/I-cus, (genitive, Saxo'uis Qram-
mat'ici,) an eminent Danish historian, born in the first
half of the twelfth century, was a priest, and secretary
of Absalom, Archbishop of Lund. He wrote (in Latin)
a "History of Denmark," which is one of the most cu-
rious documents of the middle ages. It abounds in
traditions and romantic or fabulous legends. Died
about 1204.

See REIMER, "De Vita Saionis Grammauci," 1761; G. L.
BADEN, " Om vor Danske Histories Fader Saxo Gramroaticiu."
1809; J. B. CARPZOV, " Dissertatio de Vita et Scriptis Saxonu
Grammatici," 1763.

Sax'ton, (JOSEPH,) an American mechanician and
inventor, born at Huntingdon, Pennsylvania, March 22,
1799. He made great improvements in the machine-
cutting of chronometer-wheels, in magnetic, electric, and
tide-registering appliances, etc. For many years he was
employed as an expert mechanician by the United States
mint and the coast survey. Died in Washington, D.C.,
October 26, 1873.

Sax'ton, (RUPUS,) an American general, born at
Deerfield, Massachusetts, in 1824, graduated at West
Point in 1849. He was appointed a brigadier-general
of volunteers about April, 1862, and defended Harper'i
Ferry with success in May of that year. He was assigned
to the command at Port Royal about the end of 1862,
and was employed in South Carolina until 1865.

Say, sj, (HORACE EMILE,) a French writer on politi-
cal economy, son of Jean Baptiste, noticed below, wa
born near Paris in 1794. He published a "History of
the Commercial Relations between France and Brazil,"
etc., and other works. Died July 24, 1860.

Say, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a distinguished French writer
on political economy, born at Lyons in 1767. At an
early age he visited England, where he became conver-
sant with the writings of Adam Smith. In 1794 he wai
one of the founders of " La De'cade philosophique," a
literary and political journal in Paris, of which he was
principal editor for six years. He was appointed in
1799 a member of the Tribunate, but resigned on Napo-
leon's becoming emperor. He was a member of the
Academy of Sciences at Saint Petersburg, and of other
learned institutions. Among his principal works are a
"Treatise on Political Economy," (2 vols., 1803,) which
has been translated into the principal European lan-
guages, a "Catechism of Political Economy," (1815,)
and "On England and the English." Died in 1832.

Say, (JEAN BAPTISTE LEON,) a French economist
and statesman, a son of H. E. Say, was born in Paris,
June 6, 1826. For many years he edited the " Journal des
Debats." He entered the National Assembly in 1871.
He was minister of finance in 1872-73, in 1875, in 1877
-79, and in 1882. He was also a senator, 1875-82, and
became President of the Senate in iSSo. He was author
of various works on finance and other subjects. He
was elected to the French Academy in 1886. In 1889
he was an active opponent of Boulangism. Died
April 21, 1896.

Say, (SAMUEL,) an English dissenting divine, born in
1675, became pastor at Westminster in 1734. He was
the author of a number of poems and prose essays.
Died in 1743.

Say, (THOMAS,) an American naturalist, born at
Philadelphia in 1787, was one of the founders of the
Academy of Natural Sciences in that city. In 1819 he
accompanied Long's expedition to the Rocky Mountains
as chief zoologist His principal work is an "American
Entomology," illustrated. Died in 1834.

Say, (WILLIAM,) an English mezzotinto engraver,
born at or near Norwich in 1768. He engraved history,
landscapes, etc. Died in 1834.



V e, i, o, u, y, long: i, t, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, , short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; mil; not; e<*od; mtfon.



SA YCE



2137



SCALIGER



Sayce, sas, (ARCHIBALD HENRY,) an eminent English
icholar, born at Shirehampton, September 25, 1846. He
was educated at Grosvenor College, Bath, and Queen's
College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow in 1869 and
a tutor in 1870, in which year he took orders in the An-
glican Church. In 1876 he was made a professor of
comparative philology in his university. Among his
numerous writings are an "Assyrian Grammar," (1872 ;
another in 1875,) " Principles of Comparative Philology,"
(1874,) "Introduction to the Science of Language,"
(iSSo,) "The Ancient Empires of the East," (1884,)
" The Hittites," (1889, ) " The Higher Criticism and
the Monuments," (1894,) etc. Edited " Records of
the Past," (2d series, 1888-92,) "Early History of
the Hebrews," (1898,) etc.

Saye and Sele. See FIENNES, (WILLIAM.)

Say'eri, (FRANK,) an English physician and writer,
born in London in 1763. He published "Dramatic
Sketches of the Ancient Northern Mythology," (1790,)
"Disquisitions, Metaphysical and Literary," (1793,) and
other works. Died in 1817.

Sayous, st'yoo', (PIERRE ANDRE,) a Swiss littfra-
tear, born at Geneva in 1808. He published, besides
other works, a " History of French Literature among
Foreign Nations," (1853.) Died February 22, 1870.

Sayyid Ahmad, si-yeed' ah'mad, a Moslem religion-
ist of India, born in 1782, lived at Delhi. He became
a Wahabee fanatic, and in 1829 led in a holy war against
the Sikjis. In this war he captured Peshawur, but in 1831
he was defeated and slain. He wrote very influential
religious works in Persian, and is regarded as a Mussul-
man reformer.

Sbarretti, sblr-rit'tee, (ENEA,) a cardinal, born in
Spoleto, Dalmatia, January 27, 1800, was created a car-
dinal-deacon in 1877, and was made prefect of economy
in the Congregation of the Propaganda. Died in 1884.

Scacchi, skafkee, (FORTUNATO,) an Italian anti-
quary and monk, born at Ancona about 1572. He pub-
lished " Sacrorum Elaeochrismatum Myrothecia," (3 vols.,
1625-37.) Died in 1643.

Soad'lock, (JAMES,) a Scottish minor poet, born at
Paisley, October 7, 1775. He was an accomplished
copperplate engraver. Died July 4, 1818.

Bcsevola, sev'o-Ia, [Fr. SCEVOLE, sa'vpl',] (C. Mu-
Cius,) a Roman, who, according to the ancient legends,
went to the camp of Porsena, then besieging Rome,
and attempted to kill him with a dagger. He was seized
by the guards of the king, who ordered him to be put to
death. Scaevola, it is said, held his right hand in a fire,
which was at hand, until it was consumed, so that Por-
sena, struck with admiration at his extraordinary forti-
tude, spared his life. From this circumstance he is said
to have received the surname of Scaevola, or "left-
handed."

Scaevola, (PuBLius Mucius,) a Roman jurist, was
elected consul in 133 B.C., and two years after was created
pontifex maximus. He was the author of several legal
works.

Scaevola, (QuiNTUS CERVIDIUS,) a Roman jurist,
lived under the reign of Marcus Antoninus. He num-
bered among his pupils Septimius Severus, afterwards
emperor. There are extracts from his works contained
in the Digest of Justinian.

Scaevola, (QuiNTUS Mucius,) surnamed THE AUGUR,
became a Roman consul, with L. Cecilius Metellus, 117
B.C. He was eminent as a jurist, and was one of the
teachers of Cicero, who has introduced him into his
treatises " De Oratore," " De Amicitia," and " De Re-
publica." His wife was a daughter of C. Laelius Sapiens.
Died after 88 B.c,

Scaevola, (QuiNTUS Mucius,) surnamed PONTIFEX,
was the son of Publius, noticed above. He was chosen
consul in 95 B.C., and was subsequently proconsul of
Asia, and pontifex maximus. He enjoyed a high repu-
tation as a jurist and orator, and wrote several legal
works, which are not extant. Having been proscribed
by the younger Marius, he was killed in the temple of
Vesta, 82 B.C. His virtues are highly extolled by Cicero.

Scala, ska'la, (BARTOLOMMEO,) an Italian writer,



born in 1430, published a " History of the Florentine
Republic." His daughter Alessandra was distinguished
as a classical scholar, and became the wife of the poet
Marullus. Died in 1497.

Scala, della, del'li ska'la, or Scaligeri, skj-le-ja'-
ree, (CAN FRANCESCO,) an Italian military commander,
born about 1290, was a prominent leader of the Ghibe-
line faction in Lombardy. He died in 1329, having been
ruler over Verona nearly twenty years. He was a liberal
patron of literature and the fine arts, and has been cele-
brated by Dante, who found an asylum at his court.

Scala, della, (MASTINO,) an uncle of the preceding^
became Podesti of Verona about 1260. He was assas-
sinated about 1275.

Scalchi, skal'kee, (SOFIA,) a distinguished Italian
contralto-singer, born at Turin in 1850. Her fine voice
and eminent histrionic talents have been recognized in
all the European capitals and in America. Her debut
was made in 1866.

Bcal'i-ger, [Lat. SCAL'IGER, genitive SCAL'IGERI,]
(JOSEPH JUSTUS,) a celebrated philologist, a son of Julius
Caesar, noticed below, was born at Agen, in France, in
August, 1540. Under the instruction of his father he
early became a proficient in the Latin language, and
subsequently studied Greek and the Oriental languages
in Pans. He became professor of belles-lettres at the
University of Leyden in 1503, and numbered among his
pupils the celebrated Grotius. Among his numerous
works, which are characterized by the most profound
learning and critical acumen, we may name his treatise
" De Emendatione Temporum," (1583,) being an ex-
planation of the Julian period, " Thesaurus Temporum,"
(1606,) Latin poems and epistles, a Latin translation of
Arabian proverbs, besides commentaries on Ausonius,
Varro, and other classics. He adopted the Protestant
religion in his youth, and took an active part in the civil
war about 1568. He was generally recognized as the
most eminent scholar of his time. Died at Leyden in
1609. " Scaliger," says Niebuhr, " stood on the summit
of universal solid philological learning in a degree that
none have reached since ; so high in every branch of
knowledge, that from the resources of his own mind he
could comprehend, apply, and decide on whatever came
in his way." (Quoted in the " Quarterly Review," 1860.)

"The two greatest scholars of the sixteenth century,"
says Hallam, " are yet unnamed ; Joseph Scaliger and
Isaac Casaubon. The former, son of Julius Caesar
Scaliger, and, in the estimation at least of some, his in-
ferior in natural genius, though much above him in
learning and judgment, was perhaps the most extraordi-
nary master of general erudition that has ever lived. . . .
He was, in fact, conversant with all ancient, and very
extensively with modern, literature. ... In the depart-
ment of philology he was conspicuous as an excellent
critic, both of the Latin and Greek languages ; though
Bayle, in his own paradoxical but acute and truly judi-
cious spirit, has suggested that Scaliger's talents and
learning were too great for a good commentator, the
one making him discover in authors more hidden sense
than they possessed, the other leading him to perceive
a thousand allusions which had never been designed."
(" Introduction to the Literature of Europe.")

See HEINSIUS, " Orationes II. in Obitum J. J. Scaligeri," 1609,




terly Review" for July, 1860.

Scaliger, ( JULIUS C.SSAR, ) a celebrated Italian
scholar and critic, father of the preceding, was born on
Lago di Garda or at Padua on the 23d of April, 1484.
His real name is said to have been BORDONE. He pre-
tended to be descended from the noble family Della
Scala. He studied medicine, and practised some years
in Italy. According to his own account, he served sev-
eral campaigns in the army of the emperor Maximilian
in his youth. In 1525 he removed to Agen, France, to
which he had been invited by the bishop of that diocese.
There he practised medicine and passed the rest of his
life. He married Andiette de Roques-Lobejac about
1528. Scaliger published, besides other works, "An
Oration against Erasmus," ("Adversus D. Erasmum



task; $as.t,- gfiard; gas/; G, H, Y., guttural ; N, nasal; v.,trilled; sass; th as in /



(J[^=See Explanations, p. 23.1



SCALIGERI



2138



SCAURUS



Oratio," 1531,) "On the Principles of the Latin Lan-
guage," ("De Causis Linguae Latinse," 1540,) "Seven
Books of Poetry," ("Poetices Libri septem," 1561,) and
" On the Art of Poetry," (" De Arte Poetica.") He was
an excellent classical scholar, and was considered one of
the greatest intellects of his time. His stature was tall,
his presence dignified and imposing. He died at Agen
in October, 1558.

See J. J. SCALIGBR, " De Vetustate et Splendore gentis Scaligene
et Vita J. C. Scaligeri," 1594 ; BAYLE, " Historical and Critical Dic-
tionary ;" BRIQUET, "Cloge de J. C. Scaliger," 1811; NICERON,
"Me'moires:" "Nouvelle Biographic G^n^rale."

Scaligeri See SCALA, DELIA.

Scam'mon, (ELIAKIM P.,) an American general,
born in Maine, graduated at West Point in 1837. He
became a captain in 1853, and a brigadier-genera\ of
volunteers in October, 1862. He was taken prisoner
on the Kanawha River in February, 1864. Died 1894.

Scamozzi. See BERTOTTI-SCAMOZZI.

Scamozzi, ska-mot'see, ( VINCENZIO, ) an Italian
architect and writer, born at Vicenza in 1552. Having
spent some time at Rome and Naples, he settled at
Venice, where he was employed to finish some works
left incomplete by Sansovino and Palladio, who had
recently died. He afterwards constructed the church
of San Niccol6 di Tolentino, and the range of buildings
called the Procuratie Nuove at Venice. He was em-
ployed in 1604 by the Archbishop of Salzburg to design
the cathedral in that city, which is esteemed one of his
master-pieces. His work entitled " Architettura Uni-
versale" came out in 1616, a few months before his
death.

See SCOLARI, "Vita di Scarnozzi." 1837; MILIZIA, " Memorie
degli Arcliitetti ;" CICOGNARA, " Storia della Scultura ;" TEMANZA,
"Vita di V. Scamozzi," 1770: "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Scan'der-beg, [from Scandtr or Iskander* " Alexan-
der," and beg, "lord" or "chief,"] a celebrated Eastern
warrior, born in Albania in 1404, was originally named
GEORGE CASTRIOTA, (or CASTRIOTO.) At an early age
he was sent by his father, a prince of Albania, who was
tributary to the Turks, to the court of Amurath II.,
where he soon acquired the favour and confidence of
that monarch. His father having died in 1432, his prin-
cipality was seized by the Sultan, upon which Scander-
beg entered into an agreement with Huniades, com-
mander of the Christian army in Transylvania, to betray
into his hand the Turkish forces under his command..
He soon after took possession of his hereditary do-
minions, and renounced Mohammedanism, in which he
had been educated. He subsequently carried on a
successful war with the Turks, and in 1462 assisted
Ferdinand, King of Naples, against the Count of Anjou.
Died in 1467.

See MAJOR-GENERAL J. MITCHELL, "Biographies of Eminent
Soldiers of the Last Four Centuries," 1865; HAMMER-PURGSTALL,
"Geschichte des Osmanisches Reichs;" C. G. MOORE, "George



bus ac Rebus gestis G. Castrioti," 1537; "Nouvelle Biographic
Ginerale."

Scapinelli, ska-pe-nel'!ee, (Looovico,) an Italian
poet, born at M6dena in 1585, was blind from his birth.
Died in 1634.

Scapula, ska'poo-la, (JOHANN,) a German philologist,
born about 1545, was employed as a proof-reader in the
printing-office of Henry Esttenne at Geneva. He pub-
lished a " Lexicon Graeco-Latinum," (1579,) an abridg-
ment of Stephanus's (Estienne's) "Thesaurus."

Scaramuccia, ska-ra-moot'cha, (Lopoyico,) an Ital-
ian painter and engraver, born at Perugia in 1616, was a
pupil of Guido Reni. Died in 1680.

Scarborough, skar'bur-eh, (Sir CHARLES,) an Eng-
lish physician, born about 1616. He succeeded Harvey
as Lumleian lecturer on anatomy in 1656. He was after-
wards appointed first physician to Charles II., James II.,
and William III. He was the author of several medical



1 Byron speaks of him under the name of ISKANDER :
" Land of Albania ! where Iskander rose,

Theme of the young, and beacon of the wise.
And he, his namesake, whose oft-baffled foes
Shrunk from his deeds of chivalrous emprise."
Childt Harold, canto ii. , stanza



and mathematical treatises, and was a Fellow of the
College of Physicians. Died in 1693.

Scarborough, skar'bur-eh, (JoHN,) D.D., a bishop,
born at Castle Wellan, Ireland, April 25, 1831, graduated
at Trinity College, Hartford, in 1854, and at the General
Theological Seminary of New York in 1857, was ordained
a priest of the Episcopal Church in 1858, held rectorships
at Poughkeepsie, NewYork, and Pittsburg, Pennsylvania,
and in 1875 was consecrated Bishop of New Jersey.

Scarcellino. See SCARSELLA.

Scarlatti, skaR-lat'tee, (ALESSANDRO,) a celebrated
Italian composer and musician, born at Naples about
1656, was a pupil of Carissimi. His productions are
very numerous, including one hundred operas and three
thousand cantatas, and he is said to have originated
ritornels and violin accompaniments. Died in 1725.

Scarlatti, (DoMENico,) a son of the preceding, was
born in 1683. He was appointed in 1735 chapel-master
to the Queen of Spain. His principal work is a collec-
tion of pieces for the harpsichord. Died about 1755-

Scarlatti, (GIUSEPPE,) a composer, born at Naples in
1718, was a son or nephew of the preceding. He com-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 288 of 425)