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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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See M. C. VAN HALL, " R. J. Schimmelpenninck," etc., 1847 :
"Nouvelle Biographic Gine'rale.'

Schenck, shenk, QOHANN,) a German medical writer,
born in Brisgau in 1531, practised at Friburg. Died in

Schenck, (JOHANN GEORG,) a medical writer, a son
of the preceding, born at Friburg; died about 1620.

Schenck, skenk, (ROBERT C.,) an American lawyer
and general, born in Warren county, Ohio, in 1809. He
represented a district of Ohio in Congress from 1843 to
1851, and was minister to Brazil in 1852-53. He com-
manded a brigade at Bull Run, July 21, 1861, was
wounded at the second battle of Bull Run, August 30,
1862, and was raised to the rank of major-general about
October of that year. He was a Republican member
of Congress for the third district of Ohio from 1863 to
1869, and was chairman of the committee of ways and
means in the Fortieth and Forty-first Congresses. He
was United States minister at London from 1871 to 1876.
Died in Washington, D.C., March 23, 1890.

Schendel, van, vjn sKen'del, (PETRUS,) a Belgian
painter of note, born in 1806 ; died in 1870.

Schenk, sKenk, (MARTIN,) a Dutch soldier of for-
tune, noted for his courage and ferocity, was born in
Gelderland in 1549. He served for a time under William
of Orange, but subsequently went over to the Duke of
Parma. Dissatisfied, however, with his treatment, and
thinking his services ill rewarded, he joined the patriots
in 1585, and performed many daring exploits, among
which was the capture of Bonn. Having attempted to
take Nymwegen in 1589, he was drowned while making
his retreat.

See MOTLEY, " United Netherlands," vol. ii. chaps, uc-xx.

Schenkel, shenk'el, (DANIEL,) a Swiss rationalistic
theologian, born at Dogerlin, December 21, 1813. Edu-
cated at Basel and Gottingen, he became in 1849 divinity-
professor at Basel, and in 1851 at Heidelberg. He was
long prominent in theological journalism, and published
a " Bibellexikon," (5 vols.,) " Das Wesen des Protestan-
tismus," (1846-51,) "Christliche Dogmatik," (1858-59.)
"Das Charakterbild Jesu," (1864,) "Das Christusbild
dr Apostel und der nachapostolischen Zeit," (1875,)
and other works. Died in 1885.

Schenkels, shenk'els, (LAMBERT THOMAS,) a Dutch
grammarian, born at Bois-le-Duc in 1547. He wrote on
grammar and mnemonics. Died about 1630.

Schenkendorf, von, fon shenk'en-doRf, (MAX,)
born at Kb'nigsberg about 1784, wrote "Christian
Poems," and other poetical works. Died in 1817.

Scherer, shi'raiR', (BARTHBLEMI Louis JOSEPH,) a
French general, born at Delle (Haut-Rhin) in 1747. He
obtained the chief command of the army of the Pyrenees
in 1795, and defeated the Austrians at Loano in Novem-
ber of that year. He was minister of war from July,

tut; 9as/; gAW; g as/; G, H,K, guttural; N, nasal; ^trilled; sasz; %hasinM. (J^=See Explanations, p. 23.)




1797, to February, 1799, after which date he commanded
in Italy for a few months. Died in 1804.

See "Nouvelle Biographic GeneVale :" Ds COUBCELLES, "Dic-
tionoaire des Ge"neraux Franfais."

Scherer, sheh-raiR', (EDMOND HENRI ADOLPHE,) a
French critic, born in Paris, April 8, 1815. He became
a Protestant clergyman, and in 1845 was made professor
of exegesis at the Geneva Divinity School. In 1871 he
was chosen to the French National Assembly, where he
exercised a great influence as a conservative republican.
In 1875 h was made senator for life. He wrote several
books, chiefly on religious subjects and having the view
of a strongly orthodox Protestant clergyman. M. Scherer
takes rank as a critic of vigour and ability, though he
was always opinionated, and somewhat narrow in his
sympathies. Died March 16, 1889.

Schereschewsky, sher-e-sheVske, (SAMUEL ISAAC
JOSEPH,) D.D., a scholar and bishop, born at Tanrog-
gcn, Russian Lithuania, of Jewish parents, May 6, 1831,
was educated in the Jewish College at Zhitomeer, and in
the University of Breslau, studied in the Presbyterian
Theological School at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and in
the Episcopal Seminary of New York city, went to China
as a missionary, and in 1877 was made Bishop of Shang-
hai. He translated the Old Testament into Mandarin
Chinese, and was one of the translators of the Prayer
Book. He also compiled a Mongolian dictionary, and
translated Saint Mark's Gospel into the Mongolian
tongue. In 1883 he resigned the bishopric.

Scherr.sheR or shaiR,(JoHANNES,)a German historian,
born at Hohenrechberg, in Wurtemberg, October 3, 1817.
In 1840 he graduated at Tubingen, and in 1849, for polit-
ical reasons, he went to Switzerland. In 1860 he took a
history-professorship at Zurich. Among his writings are
histories of German, English, and general literature, of
religion, etc., and Lives of Bliicher, Schiller, and others,
besides works on social and public questions. D. 1886.

Scherr, sheR, (THOMAS IGNAZ,) a German teacher
and educational writer, born at Hohenrechberg, in
Wurtemberg, in 1801, was the founder of the Institute
for the Deaf and Dumb at Zurich. Died March 10, 1870.

Scherz, sheets, (JOSEPH GEORG,) a German jurist
and antiquary, born at Strasburg in 1678, became pro-
fessor of law at Halle in 1711. Died in 1754.

Scherzer, von, fon sh^Rt'eer, (KARL,) an Austrian
traveller, born in Vienna, May i, 1821. A printer by
trade, he travelled extensively, for the most part in con-
nection with Austrian government expeditions, was en-
nobled, and served as consul-general at Smyrna, London,
and Leipsic successively, becoming also Austrian repre-
sentative to five of the small Thuringian principalities.
He published many volumes of reports on the expedi-
tions he was concerned in, besides works on statistics and
trade, and narratives of his travels.

Scheuchzer, shoiK'tser, (JOHANN,) a Swiss natural-
ist, born at Zurich in 1682, became professor of natural
history in his native city. He published a number of
botanical works, in Latin. Died in 1738.

Scheuchzer, (JOHANN JAKOB,) a Swiss naturalist and
physician, brother of the preceding, was born at Zurich
in 1672. He was the author of several scientific works,
among which we name a "Natural History of Switzer-
land," (in German, 3 vols., 1708,) and "Physica Sacra,"
or natural history of the Bible, (8 vols., 1732-37,) written
in German and translated into French and Latin. Died
'" 1733-

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Scheuchzer, (JOHANN KASPAR,) son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Zurich in 1702. He translated
Kampfer's " History of Japan" into English, and pub-
lished a "Treatise on Inoculation." Died in 1729.

Scheuffelin, shoif'feh-leen', or Scheuffelein, shoif'-
feh-iin', (HANS,) an eminent German painter and wood-
engraver, born at Nuremberg about 1490, was a favourite
pupil of Albert Durer. His engravings resemble those
of Durer. He worked at Nordlingen, where he died in
'539 or I54-

See RENOUVIER, "Des Types et des Manures des Maitres-

Scheuren, shoi'ren, (KASPAR,) a German landscape-
painter of the Dusseldorf school, was born at Aiz-ix-
Chapelle in 1810. Died in 1887.

Scheutz, shoits, (GEORGE and EDWARD,) two scien-
tific Swedes, distinguished as inventors of a machine
which calculates mathematical tables and prints the re-
sults. George was born in 1785, and died in 1873. Ed -
ward is a son of George. A gold medal was awarded
to the inventors by a committee of the Exposition of
Paris in 1855.

Schiaparelli, ske-i-pj-rel'lee, (GIOVANNI VIRGINIO.)
a distinguished Italian astronomer, born at Savigniano,
March 5, 1835. He was educated chiefly at Turin, and
in 1860 took charge of the observatory at Milan. He
showed the relationship between cometary and meteoric
matter in important papers published in 1866 and 1871,
and wrote other valuable publications.

Schiavone, ske-S-vo'ni, (ANDREA,) an Italian
painter, surnamed MEDULA, was born at Sebenico, in
Dalmatia, in 1522. Among his master-pieces are "The
Nativity of Christ," and the " Assumption of the Virgin."
He excelled as a colorist, and was emploved by Titian
in painting the ceilings of the Library of San Marco, in
Venice. Died in 1582.

See VASARI, " Lives of the Painters ;" LANZI, " History o!'
Painting in Italy ;" RIDOLFI, " Vite degli Pittori Veneti."

Schiavonetti, ske-i-vo-net'tee, (Luici,) an Italian
engraver, born at Bassano in 1765, was a friend of Bar-
tolozzi, whose style he imitated successfully. He resided
many years in London, where he died in 1810. Among
his best works are a " Mater Dolorosa," after Van Dyck,
and the " Nativity of Christ," after Correggio.

Schicht, shlKt, (JOHANN GOTTFRIED,) a German
composer and writer on music, was born near Zittau in
1753. His works are principally oratorios and other
sacred music. Died in 1823.

Schick, shlk, (GOTTLIEB,) a German painter, bora
at Stuttgart in 1779, studied in Paris under David. He
painted history and portraits, and acquired a high repu-
tation. Died in 1812.

Schickard, shik'kaRt, or Schickhard, shik'haRt,
(WiLHELM,) a German Orientalist and astronomer, born
at Herrenberg, near Tubingen, in 1592. He became
pastor at Nurtingen in 1616, and professor of Hebrew
at Tubingen in 1619. He also learned Arabic, Persian,
and Turkish without a master. He published several
works on Oriental languages and on astronomy. Died
at Tubingen in 1635.

See SCHNURRER, " Schickard's Leben," 1792; "Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'nerale."

Schidoni, ske-do'nee, or Schedone, ski-do'ni,
(BARTOLOMMEO,) an Italian painter, born at M6dena in
1560. He painted both historical pieces and portraits
with success, and is esteemed one of the best imitators
of Correggio. Died in 1615.

Schikaneder, shee'ki-ni'der, (EMANUEL,) a Ger-
man dramatist, born at Ratisbon in 1751. His principal
work, the " Zauberflote," (" Magic Flute,") was set to
music by Mozart, and enjoyed great popularity. Died
in 1812.

Schilder, shil'der, (CHARLES ANDREIEVITCH,) a Rus-
sian general, born about 1795, was distinguished as 3
military engineer. Died in 1857.

SchilL, von, fon shll, (FERDINAND,) a Prussian par-
tisan officer, born near Pless in 1773. He commanded
a regiment or free corps, with which he fought against
the French and performed daring exploits. He was
attacked by the Dutch and Danes at Stralsund, and was
killed in the defence of that place, in 1809.

See " Schilliana," 1810-19; HAKKN, "Ferdinand von Schill, 11
1824; DAERING, "Leben Schill's," 1838.

Schiller, von, fon shil'ler, (JOHANN CHRISTOPH
FRIEDRICH,) the great national poet of Germany, was born
atMarbach, November 10, 1759. His father was for a time
an army-surgeon, and was afterwards employed by the
Duke of Wurtemberg as inspector of his nurseries and
ornamental gardens. From his mother, whose maiden-
name was Kodweis, the poet appears to have inherited
bis sensitive and enthusiastic temperament and his love
for poetry. His parents having removed to Ludwigs-

i, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, t, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon.:




a literar
were pu

y journal
blished t

Durg, he was sent to the Latin school of that town. His
mother wished him to become a minister ; but his tastes
led him in a different direction. At first he made choice
of the legal profession, but soon after turned his attention
to medicine. Later the works of Shakspeare, Rousseau,
and Goethe appear to have determined the direction of
his mind to the drama and general literature. Lessing,
Herder, and Klopstock seem to have had no unimportant
influence in the formation of his literary character. Among
his earliest essays in composition were an epic poem
entitled "Moses," and two dramas, " Der Student von
Nassau" and " Cosmo von Medici," of which only a few
fragments have been preserved. In 1777, when only
eighteen years of age, he wrote "The Robbers," ("Die
Rauber,") a tragedy of extraordinary power, though he
himself, at a later day, characterized it as a " monster for
which fortunately there was no original." It was trans-
lated and read in every part of Europe, and, having been
remodelled, was brought out on the stage at Mannheim
in 1782. The author, having gone incognito to witness
the representation, was arrested, and the Duke of Wiir-
temberg sternly forbade him to write anything except
what related to the medical profession. To escape from
this intolerable thraldom, he fled to Mannheim, and after-
wards spent some time in Franconia, near Meiningen ;
lubsequently (in 1783) he was naturalized as a subject of
the Elector-Palatine, and was thus freed from all control
of the Duke of Wurtemberg. He took up his residence
at Mannheim, where he became poet to the theatre. About
this time he wrote his tragedies of " Fiesco" and " Cabale
und Liebe." He began in 1784 to edit the "Thalia,"
l, chiefly devoted to the stage, in which
the first parts of his tragedy of " Don
Carlos." In 1785 he left Mannheim for Leipsic, where he
and wrote

Sieher") was never finished. Having visited Weimar
in 1787, he acquired the friendship of Goethe, Herder,
and Wieland, and, on the recommendation of Goethe,
was appointed in 1789 professor of history at Jena. The
next year he married Charlotte von Lengefeld, a lady of
fine intellect and culture. In 1791 he brought out his
" History of the Thirty Years' War," (pronounced by
Carlyle in 1824 as the best historical performance which
,ny could boast of,) and soon after commenced his
enstein," which was completed in 1799. It is per-
haps his greatest work, and is regarded by many as the
finest tragedy in the German language. It consists of
three parts, "The Camp of Wallenstein," ("Wallen-
stein's Lager,") "The Piccolomini," and the "Death of
Wallenstein," (" Wallenstein's Tod.") The second and
third parts, rendered into English blank verse by Cole-
ridge, constitute one of the most admirable and perfect
'.ranslations to be found in our language. In 1799 Schiller
removed to Weimar. His growing intimacy with Goethe
appears to have exercised a most happy influence upon
the productions of his genius. Between 1799 and 1801
he composed, besides smaller works, his dramas entitled
"The Maid of Orleans," ("Die Jungfrauvon Orleans,")
"Mary Stuart," and "The Bride of Messina," ("Die
Braut von Messina.") He was associated with Goethe
in contributions to the "Musen-Almanach," of which
for a time Schiller was the editor. Among his minor
poems "The Song of the Bell" ("Das Lied von der
Glocke," 1801) may claim the first place. Nothing more
admirable in its way has ever been written in any lan-
guage, ancient or modern. In it the three great events
of human life Birth, (or Christening,) Marriage, and
Death, all marked by the ringing of the bell are touched
upon with an exquisite beauty and pathos which, had
the author composed nothing else but this single poem,
would have secured him a place among those rare poets
whose fame seems destined to be coeval with the exist-
ence of the human race. In 1804 Schiller produced his
" William Tell," the most popular of all his dramas.
He died on the gth of May, 1805, of an affection of the
lungs, under which he had suffered for many years. His
last words, uttered a little before he expired, were,
" Many things are growing plain and clear to me."
As a poet, Schiller is characterized by strong feeling

' Walle

and intense ideality. His mind is eminently subjective,
all his representations being strongly coloured with his
own individuality, and in this one respect he is much
'nferior as a dramatist to Goethe; but his enthusiastic
faith in ideal excellence, and his deep and earnest sym-
pathy with all human joy and sorrow, have given him
an influence over the common heart of mankind not
possessed by his many-sided and more gifted rival.
There is indeed between Schiller and Goethe something
of the same kind of difference that exists between Byron
and Shakspeare, the one being characterized by intense
concentrated feeling, the other by endless variety. The
comparison, however, fails to do justice to Schiller, who,
if he had less passion, had far greater wealth of thought
and far higher moral endowments than Byron. On the
other hand, Goethe, though scarcely yielding to Shak-
speare in his profound knowledge of the human heart
or in the inexhaustible riches of his ideas, was yet infe-
rior to the great English dramatist in the very point in
which he was inferior to Schiller, viz., in a deep and
earnest sympathy with universal humanity; and this
will explain why the dramatic works of Goethe, though
giving proof of genius of the richest and rarest order,
have never possessed that strong hold upon the popular
heart for which the dramas of Schiller and Shakspeare
are so remarkable.

See THOMAS CARLVLE, "Life of Schiller," 1825; E. LYTTOM
BULWER, "Life and Works of Schiller," 1847; H. DORING, "F.
von Schiller: biographisches Denkmal," 1832; VIANA, " Schiller'i
Leben und Werken," 1836; HOFFMEISTER, "Schiller's Lebeo," 3
vols., 1838-42; E. BOAS, "Schiller und Goethe im Xenienkampfe,"
2 vols., 1851 ; CAROLINE VON WOLZOGSN, " F. von Schiller's Le-
ben," 2 vols., 1830; G. SCHWAB, "Urkunden iiber Schiller und seine
Familie," 1840; the article in " Fraser's Magazine" for March, 1831,
(by CARLYLB ;) " Edinburgh Review" for April, 1841 : translation!
from Schiller's Poems in " Blackwood's Magazine" for September,
1842, February and April, 1843, (by BULWBR;) "North American
Review" for October, 1823, (by BANCROFT.)

Schilling, shil'ling, (FRIEDRICH GUSTAV,) a German
novelist and dramatic writer, born at Dresden in 1766,
became a captain in the Saxon army. His works display
much originality and talent for invention. Died in 1839.

Schilling, (GusTAV,) a German writer on music, born
in Hanover in 1805, published a "Universal Dictionary
of Music," (" Universal Lexikon der Tonkunst,") and
other similar works. Died in 1880.

Schilling, (JoHANN,) a German sculptor, born at
Mittweida, Saxony, June 23, 1828. Among his works
are "Amor and Psyche," (1851,) "Jupiter and Venus,"
the Luther monument at Worms, and many others, of
which the most famous is the " Grand National Monu-
ment" on the Niederwald, unveiled in 1883 by tho
emperor William.

Schilter, shil'ter, (JoHANN,) a German jurist, born
at Pegau in 1632, published a number of legal and anti-
quarian works, in Latin. Died in I75-

Schimmelpennmck. See SCHEMMELPENNINCK.

Schimmelpenninck, shim'mel-pen'nink, (MARK
ANNE,) an English authoress, originally named GALTON,
was born at Birmingham in 1778. Her mother was a
Barclay, highly gifted and a good scholar. Mary Anne
Gallon was a cousin of Priscilla Gurney and of Mrs.
Fry. She was well versed in Latin, German, and French.
In 1806 she married a Dutchman named Lambert Schim-
melpenninck, who is said to have been a brother of the
pensionary or chief ruler of Holland. She joined the
Moravian Church about 1818. She wrote, besides other
works, "Memoirs of Port-Royal," (2 vols., 1853.) Died
in 1856.

See " Life of M. A. Schimmelpenninck," 2 vols., 1859, the fim
volume of which is autobiography ; " Living Age" for April 16, 1859.

Schimper, shaN'paiR', (GUILLAUME PHILIPPK,) a
French naturalist, born in Alsace in 1808, published a
number of botanical treatises, and " Palaeontologica
Alsatica." Died March 20, 1880.

Schimper, shlm'per, (WiLHELM,) a German natu-
ralist and traveller, born at Mannheim in 1804, visited

hans, shln'der-hanss', a German robber-chief of the
eighteenth century, who for several years infested with
his band the shores of the Rhine. He was taken and

e u k; 9 as s; g hard: g as/; G, H, K, guttural: N. nasal: R, trilled; as z; th as in thii. (2=See Explanations, p. 23.)




executed, with a number of his companions, in 1803.
His adventures form the subject of a novel by Leitch

Schindler, sMnd'ler, ( VALENTINE, ) a German
scholar, and professor of Oriental languages at Witten
berg, was the author of " Institutiones Hebraicae," and
other works. Died in 1611.

Schinkel, shlnk'el, (KARL FRIEDRICH,) a German
architect of great celebrity, born at Neu-Ruppin, in
Brandenburg, in March, 1781, was a pupil of Da-vid
Gilly, of Berlin. He practised landscape-painting in
his early life. About 1804 he visited Italy. Having
returned to Berlin in 1806, he became about 1815 archi-
tect of the king, who employed him in the erection of
public edifices in his capital. He designed the Royal
Museum, a large building of the Ionic order, which was
greatly admired, and the theatre in Berlin. Among his
other works was a theatre at Hamburg. He preferred
the Greek style of architecture. Died in 1841.

See F. KUCLKR, " K. F. Schinktl; eine Charaltterutik," etc,

Schinner, shin'ner, (MATTHEW,) a German or Swiss
bishop, called CARDINAL DE SION, was born in the
Valais about 1470. He became a cardinal in 1511. He
instigated the Swiss to fight against Francis I. of France,
and took an active part in the battle of Marignano,
(1515.) Died in 1522.

Schirach, von, fon shee'raK, (GoTTLOB BENEDICT,)
a German historian, born in Upper Lusatia in 1743.
In 1770 he became professor of philosophy at Helm-
stedt. He published, among other works, a " Biography
of the Emperor Charles VI.," (1776,) for which he was
ennobled by the empress Maria Theresa. He trans-
lated Plutarch's " Lives" into German. Died in 1804.

Schirmer, shR'mer, (JoHANN WILHELM,) a Ger-
man landscape-painter, bom at Jiilich in 1807 ; died at
Carlsruhe, September n, 1863.

Schiachkow. See SHISHKOF.

Schlagiatweit, shli'gin-twit', (ADOLF,) a German
traveller, born at Munich in 1829. Having explored
the Alps with his brother Hermann, he published in 1850
an account of their researches. In 1854 he set out for
India, accompanied by his brothers Hermann (born
1826, died 1882) and Robert, (born 1833, died 1885.)
Adolf was killed at Kashgar in 1857. Their brother Emil
(born 1835) was a distinguished Orientalist. Another
Drother, Eduard, (1831-66,) was a soldier and author.

Schlatter, shlat'ter, (MICHAEL,) a Swiss divine and
missionary, born at Saint Gall in 1716, emigrated to
America, where he assisted in organizing the synod of
the German Reformed Church. Died in 1790.

Schlegel, shla'gel, ( JOHANN ADOLF,) a German
divine and pulpit orator, born at Meissen in 1721,
became professor of theology at Zerbst. He published
" Fables and Tales," in verse, and " Spiritual Songs."
Died in 1793.

Schlegel, (JOHANN ELIAS,) elder brother of the pre-
ceding, was born at Meissen in 1718. He published the
tragedies of " Hermann" and " Canute," and the com-
edy of " Dumb Beauty," (" Stumme Schbnheit") Died
in 1749.

See J. H. SCHLKGKL, " Leben J. E. Schlegels," 1770.

the following, was born at Copenhagen in 1765, and
became professor of law in his native city in 1800. He
wrote several legal works in Danish. Died in 1836.

Schlegel, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) a younger brother
of Johann Adolf, noticed above, was born at Meissen in
1724. He became professor of history and royal his-
toriographer at Copenhagen. He wrote a " History of
the Danish Kings of the House of Oldenburg," and
translated several of Thomson's dramas into German.
Died in 1780.

Schlegel, (JOHANN KARL,) fourth brother of August
Wilhelm von Schlegel, noticed below, was born at Zerbst
in 1758. He wrote "Ecclesiastical History of North-
ern Germany," (1828,) and other works. Died in 1831.

Schlegel, (KARL GUSTAV MORITZ,) brother of the
preceding, was born at Hanover in 1756. He became
superintendent-general and first preacher at Harburg,
nd wrote several theological works. Died in 1826.

Schlegel, von, fon shla'gel, (AUGUST WILHELM,) a
celebrated German poet, Orientalist, and critic, born at
Hanover on the 8th of September, 1767, was a son of
Johann Adolf, noticed above. He was a pupil of Heyne
at the University of Gottingen, which he quitted in 1793.
In 1797 he became professor or teacher of Greek and
Latin at Jena. In the early part of his life he formed a
friendship with Schiller. About 1798 Schlegel and his
brother Friedrich began to edit the " Athenseum," a
critical review, which had great influence in propagating
the principles of the romantic school. He was a warm
admirer of Shakspeare's works, of which he produced
a translation, (II vols., 1798-1810.) He resided in Ber-
lin from 1802 to 1805, and became a friend of Madame
de Stael, whom he accompanied in her travels, as her
instructor and as tutor to her children. He passed a
number of years in her society, and exercised a decided
influence over her literary character. In 1808 he de-

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 290 of 425)