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livered at Vienna a course of lectures on dramatic
literature and art, which were greatly admired both in
Germany and foreign countries. They were translated
into English by John Black, (1840.)

" I was at Vienna," says Madame de Stael, " when W.
Schlegel gave his public course of lectures. I expected
only good sense and instruction, where the object was
only to convey information. I was astonished to hear a
critic as eloquent as an orator." In another place she
calls him "the first literary critic of Germany." (De
StaeTs " Germany.")

Schlegel served as secretary to Bernadotte, Crown-
Prince of Sweden, in 1813-14, and wrote several polit-
ical pamphlets. After the end of the war, in 1815, he
remained with Madame de Stael until her death. He
was appointed professor of history at Bonn in 1819, and
applied himself rather late in life to the study of San-
scrit, in which he became proficient He founded about
1820 the " Indische Bibliothek," a review devoted to
Indian languages and antiquities. Having lost his first
wife, whose name was Michaelis, he married a daughter
of the eminent Professor Paulus, from whom he was
soon divorced. Among his remarkable productions are
a poem entitled " Arion," and a German version of some
of Calderon's dramas, (1803-09.) He also wrote, in
French, " Literary and Historic Essays," (" Essais litte'-
raires et historiques," 1842.) Died at Bonn, in May, 1845.
His complete works were published by Bocking, (13
vols., 1846.)

See Louis DB LOM^NIK. "M. A. W. de Schlegel, par un Homme
de Rien," 184^; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" "Quarterly Re-
view" for October, 1814; "Edinburgh Review" for February, 1816;
"Foreign Quarterly Review" for April, 1833, and October. 1843.

Schlegel, von, (KARL WILHELM FRIEDRICH,) an
eminent German scholar and writer, a brother of the
preceding, was born at Hanover on the loth of March,
1772. His first important work was "Greeks and
Romans," (" Griechen und Romer," 1797,) which was
received with favour. In 1799 he published the first
volume of " Lucinde," a novel, which has been cen-
sured as immoral. It was never finished. About 1800
he married Madame Veit, a daughter of Mendelssohn.
Her first husband was living, but she obtained a divorce
in order to marry Schlegel. In 1802 he produced a
tragedy called " Alarkos." Having been converted to
the Roman Catholic religion about 1808, he removed to
Vienna, where he became secretary to the archduke
Charles in 1809. He composed the proclamations which
were issued to excite the Austrians against Napoleon.
He delivered at Vienna several courses of lectures,
(which were published,) and edited "The German Mu-
seum," (1812-13.) Among his works are a " History of
Ancient and Modern Literature," (2 vols., 1815,) "Lec-
tures on the Philosophy of Life," (1828,) and " Lectures
on the Philosophy of History," (2 vols., 1829.) He
was an admirer of mediaeval life and institutions, and
belonged to the romantic school in literature. He was
an intimate friend of Schleiermacher. Died at Dresden
in 1829.

See "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" "Blackwood's Magazine"
for August, 1818.

Schleicher, shli'Ker, (AUGUST,) a German scholar,
born at Meiningen, February 19, 1821. He was educated
at Leipsic, Tubingen, and Bonn, and graduated in 1846.



i, e, i, o u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; i, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mJt; not; g5od; m<55n,



SCHLEIDEN



2145



SCHLOZER



He became a professor of philology at Bonn in 1850,
and at Jena in 1857, giving special attention to the
Slavic-Lettish group of languages. Died in 1868.

Schleiden, shli'den, (MATTHIAS JAKOB,) a German
physician and botanist, born at Hamburg in 1804, pub-
lished " Elements of Scientific Botany," (1842,) "Plants
and their Life," (1850,) and other works. He became pro-
fessor-extraordinary at Jena in 1839. Died June 22, 1881.

Schleiermacher, shli'er-maK'er, (FRIEDRICH ERNST
DANIEL,) a distinguished German author, critic, anc
pulpit orator, was born at Breslau on the 2lst of No-
vember, 1768. He was sent to a Moravian school a
Barby to study for the ministry. About 1 786 he enterec
the University of Halle, where he devoted himself to
theology, philosophy, and the ancient languages. H<
quitted the university in 1790, after which he was em
ployed several years as a tutor in a private family anc
in a seminary in Berlin. In 1796 he was appointee
preacher to the hospital of Charite in Berlin. He pub-
lished in 1799 an excellent work entitled "Discourses
on Religion," the doctrines of which were approved by
pious and orthodox readers. He removed to Stolpe in
1802, with the title of court preacher, and wrote there a
"Critique of all Past Systems of Ethics," ("Grundlinien
einer Kritik der bisherigen Sittenlehre," 1803,) which is
highly esteemed. In 1804 he became professor of theology
and philosophy at Halle. He acquired great influence
as a theologian. The conquests of Napoleon having
separated Halle from the kingdom of Prussia, Schleier-
macher removed to Berlin about 1806. He produced an
excellent translation of a large portion of Plato's works,
(published in 3 vols., 1804-28,) with an introduction,
which may be pronounced one of the most important
contributions towards the elucidation of Plato's philo-
sophic system that have been made in modern times.
In 1809 he was appointed preacher of Trinity Church,
Berlin, and in 1810 became professor of theology in the
new university of that capital. His profound learning,
eloquent language, and original thoughts rendered him
very popular as a professor and preacher. He was
chosen secretary to the philosophical section of the
Academy of Sciences in 1814. Others of his works
were "A Critical Essay on the Writings of Luke,"
(1817,) and "Exhibition of the Christian Faith,'
(1822.) Died in 1834.

See a collection of his letters, entitled " Aus Schleiermacher's
Leben in Briefen," a vols., 1858 ; " Life of Schleiermacher," trans-
lated from the German ; E. BONNELL, " Erinnerung an Schleier-
macher als Lehrer," 1838: F. DBLBRUCK, " Der verewigte Schleier-
macher," 1837; "British Quarterly Review" for May, 1849;
" Eraser's Magazine" for January, 1861; "Westminster Review"
for July, 1861.

Schlesmger, shla'zing-er, (WiLHELM HEINRICH,) a
German painter, born at Frankfort-on-the-Main about
1814. He became a resident of Paris. Died in 1893.

Schley, (WINFIELD SCOTT,) an American admiral,
born at Frederick, Maryland, in 1839. He graduated
at the Naval Academy in 1860, served on the Gulf
Squadron in the civil war, and in 1871, as lieutenant-
commander, took part in the attack on the Salu River
forts in Corea. In 1884 he commanded the Greely
relief expedition and rescued Lieutenant Greely and
six companions at Cape Sabine, Greenland. He was
captain of the Baltimore at Valparaiso, Chili, in 1891,
when several sailors of that vessel were attacked by a
mob, giving rise to an international complication. In
the same year he carried Captain Ericsson's body to
Sweden, receiving a gold medal from the king of that
country. He was made commodore in February, 1898,
and commanded the Flying Squadron in Cuban waters
during the war with Spain. The absence of acting
admiral Sampson on other duty left him in immediate
command of the blockading fleet at the destruction of
the Spanish fleet off Santiago, July 3, 1898. He was
promoted rear-admiral in August, 1898.

Schleyer, QOHANN MARTIN,) a learned German
philologist, born at Oberlanda, in Baden, in 1831.
He devised a universal language, which he named
Volapiik, which for a time attracted much attention.



Schlichtegroll, shllK'teh-gRol', (ADOLF HEINRICH
FRIEDRICH,) a German antiquary, born at Waltershausen
in 1765, became secretary-general of the Royal Academy
of Sciences at Munich. He published the "Obituary of
the Germans," ("Nekrolog der Deutschen," 28 vols.,
1791,) and other similar works. Died in 1822.

Schlichting, schllK'ting, or Schlichtingius, shHK
bng'ge-us, (JONAS,) a Polish Socinian, apparently of
German extraction, was born at Bucowiec in 1596. He
wrote a "Confession of Faith," for which he was ban-
ished, and the work was publicly >>urnt. Died in 1664.

Schliemarin, shlee'man, (HEINRICH,) a German
archaeologist, born at Ankershagen, in Mecklenburg-
Schwerin, of poor parents, January 6, 1822. He acquired
wealth in a mercantile business, and in his leisure hours
learned several languages. After 1856 he devoted him-
self to the study of ancient Greek literature, and in
1858 began a course of Oriental travel, retiring from
business in 1863. In 1870, with his wife, a Greek lady,
he took up his residence in the Troad, where he began
those extensive excavations at Hissarlik (the supposed
site of Troy) which made him so famous. He also car-
ried on similar researches at Mycenas, Tiryns, and other
points. Among his works are " La Chine et le Japon,"
(1866,) " Ithaque, le Peloponnese et Troie," (1869,) " Troy
and its Remains," (1874,) "Mycenae," (1877,) " Ilios,"
(1881,) "Orchomenos," (1881,) " Reise in der Troas,"
(1881,) " Troja," (1883,) " Tiryns," (1886,) etc. D. 1890.

Schloetzer. See SCHLOZER.

Schlosser, shlos'ser, (FRIEDRICH CHRISTOPH,) a
celebrated German historian, born at Jever in 1776. In
1793 he entered the University of Gottingen, where,
in addition to theology, history, and mathematics, he
applied himself to the study of English, Italian, and
Spanish literature. He published in 1812 his " History
of the Iconoclast Emperors of the East Roman Empire."
In 1817 he became professor of history at Heidelberg.
His chief works are a " History of the World in a Con-
nected Relation," (4 vols., 1817-41,) and the "History
of the Eighteenth Century and Nineteenth till the Fall
of the French Empire," (8 vols., 1846,) which has been
translated into English. He also wrote a "Critical
Examination of Napoleon," and other works. As a his-
torian, Schlosser occupies a high rank and has acquired
extensive popularity. Died at Heidelberg in 1861.

See BROCKHAUS, " Conversations- Lexikon :" " Jahrbuch turn
Conversations-Lexikon," 1862; "Foreign Quarterly Review" fof
April, 1843; "Westminster Review" for September, 1845; GHRVI-
NUS, "Necrolog Schlosser's," 1862.

Schlosser, (JOHANN GEORG,) a German writer, born
at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1739, was a brother-in-law
of Goethe. He published several prose essays, and
made translations from ^Eschylus, Plato, and Aristotle.
Died in 1799.

Schlotheim, von, fon shlotliim, (ERNST FRIED-
RICH,) BARON, a German savant, born in 1764, published
several works on mineralogy. Died in 1832.

Schlozer or Schloezer, von, fon shlbt'ser, (Ay-
GUST LUDWIG,) an eminent German historian, born in
the principality of Hohenlohe-Kirchberg in 1735. He
studied theology at Wittenberg and Gottingen. In
1755 he went as a private teacher to Sweden, where he
wrote a " History of Commerce," (in Swedish.) He
was appointed in 1765 professor of Russian history at
the Academy of Saint Petersburg, and in 1767 of political
science at Gottingen. His principal works are entitled
" General History of the North," (2 vols., 1772,) " Pre-
paratory History of the World for Children," (1790,)
and " History of the World in Extracts and Connection,"
|2 vols., 1792.) He also translated, from the Russian,
Nestor's " Chronicle" to the year 980, and wrote several
able political treatises. He was ennobled by the Em-
jeror of Russia in 1804. He died in 1809. His daughter
DOROTHEA was highly distinguished for her talents and
acquirements, and the degree of doctor was conferred
upon her in 1787. Died in 1825.

See "A. L. von Schlozer's Leben," by his son, 1828; HEINIICH
DORING, " Leben A. L. von Schlozer's, 1836 : ADOLPH BOCK, "A.
L Schlozer," 1844.

Schlozer, von, (KURD, ) a German historian and
diplomatist, was born at Liibeck, January 5, 1822.



as k; ? as /; g hard; g as /; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as *; th as in this.

135



1 23T"See Explanations, p. 33.)



SCHLUTER



2146



SCHMUCKER



He was German minister to Mexico from 1869 to 1871,
and subsequently was minister to the United States.
He published a " History of the German Districts on the
Baltic," " Frederick the Great and Catherine II.," and
other historical works. Died May 13, 1894.

Schluter or Schlueter, shlii'ter, (ANDREAS,) a
German architect and sculptor, born about 1662, was
patronized by Frederick I. of Prussia. He built several
edifices at Berlin, where he also executed a number of
admirable works in sculpture. Died in 1714.

Schlyter, shlii'ter, (CARL JOHAN,) an eminent Swed-
ish jurist and legal writer, born at Carlscrona in 1795,
became professor at the University of Lund. Died 1888.

Schmaltz, shmalts, (MoRiTZ FERDINAND,) a German
Protestant theologian, born near Dresden in 1785, pub-
lished numerous religious works. Died in 1860.

Schmalz, (THEODOR ANTON HEINRICH,) a German
jurist, born at Hanover in 1760, published treatises on
law and political economy. Died in 1831.

Schmausa, shmowss, QOHANN JA'KOB,) a distin-
guished German writer on public law, was born at
Landau, in Alsatia, in 1690. He became in 1734 pro-
fessor of the law of nature and of nations at Gottingen.
Among his works are a " Life of Charles XII. ol
Sweden," (1720,) and "Corpus Juris Gentium Academi-
cum," (2 vols., 1730.) Died in 1757.

Schmeller, shmel'ler, (JOHANN ANDREAS,) a Ger-
man philologist, born at Tirschenreuth in 1785, pub-
lished "The Dialects of Bavaria," (1821,) and a " Bava-
rian Dictionary," (1827.) Died in 1852.

Schmerling, von, fon shmSR'ling, ( ANTON, j an
Austrian jurist and statesman, born at Vienna in 1805,
rose to be president of the first tribunal and court of
cassation at Vienna, (1851,) and was appointed prime
minister in 1861. Died May 23, 1893.

Scbmettau, von, fon shmet'tow, (SAMUEL,) a Prus-
sian commander, born in 1684. He served under Prince
Eugene and Marlborough, and subsequently entered
the Austrian army and fought against the Spaniards in
Sicily. He was made a field-marshal in 1741, and was
afterwards employed by Frederick the Great in several
embassies. Died in 1751.

See " Lebensgeschichte des Grafen von Schnettau," Berlin, 1806.

Schmid, shmlt, (KARL CHRISTIAN ERHARD,) pro-
fessor of philosophy at Jena, was born near Weimar in
1761. He wrote several works in favour of the system
of Kant, Died in 1812.

Schmid. (KARL ERNST,) a nephew of the preceding,
was born at Weimar in 1774. He became professor of
law at Jena in 1809, wrote a number of legal treatises, and
contributed to Brockhaus's " Conversations- Lexikon."
Died in 1852.

Schmid, (LEOPOLD,) a German (Roman Catholic)
theologian, born at Zurich, June 9, 1808. After study-
ing at Tubingen and Munich, he held professorships of
theology and philosophy at Giessen. His works (which
are regarded as of a latitudinarian or liberal tendency)
include " The Spirit of Catholicism," (" Der Geist des
Katholicismus," 1848-50,) "Fundamental Principles of
an Introduction to Philosophy," ("Grundsatze der Ein-
leitung in die Philosophic," 1.860,) and "The Law of
Personality," ("Das Gesetz der Personlichkeit," 1862.)
Died at Giessen, December 20, 1869.

Schmid, (REINHOLD,) a German jurist, born at Jena
in 1800. He published a work "On the Theory of
Civil Law," (1848,) which is esteemed. Died in 1874.

Schmid, von, fon shmlt, (CHRISTOPH,) a German
writer, born at Dinkelsbiihl in 1768, published a number
of moral and religious works for children and youth.
Died at Augsburg in 1854.

SchmideL,shmee'del, (CASIMIR CHRISTOPH,) a Ger-
man botanist, born at Baireuth in 1718. He published
" Icones Plantarum et Analyses Partium," (1747.) Died
in 1792.

Schmidt, shmlt, (CHRISTOPH,) a German jurist and
writer, born at Nordheimer in 1740, wrote "Letters on
Russia," and several historical works. Died in 1801.

Schmidt, (BERHARD KARL KLAMER,) a German
poet and fabulist, born at Halberstadt in 1746, was an



intimate friend of Gleim. He translated the " Odes and
Epodes" of Horace. Died in 1824.

Schmidt, (ERASMUS,) a German scholar, born in
Misnia in 1560, became professor of Greek and math-
ematics at Wittenberg. He published a " Concordance
to the Greek Testament," an edition of Pindar, with a
Latin version and notes, and other works. Died in 1637.

Schmidt, (GEORG FRIEDRICH,) a German engraver,
born at Berlin, executed numerous portraits of great
merit. He was a member of the Academy of Fine Art*
in Paris. Died in 1775.

Schmidt, (HEINRICH JULIAN,) a German critic, born
at Marienwerder, March 7, 1818. Educated at Konigs-
berg, he became a journalist and teacher, finally devoting
himself to literature. Among his writings are a " History
of Romance," ("Geschichte der Romantik in Zeitalter
der Reformation und Revolution," 1850.) " History of
Intellectual Life in Germany," ("Geschichte des geistigen
Lebens in Deutschland,") " History of German Litera-
ture," (" Geschichte der deutschen Literatur,") "History
of Modern French Literature," ("Geschichte der fran-
zbsischen Literatur seit Ludwig XVI.,") " Pictures of the
Intellectual Life of our Time," (" Bilder aus dem geistigen
Leben unserer Zeit," 1870-73,) and other important works,
chiefly on literary history. Died March 27, 1886.

Schmidt, (!SAAK JAKOB,) a German Orientalist, born
in 1779, published a Grammar and a Dictionary of the
Mongol Language, also a " Thibetan Grammar," and
made several translations from the Mongol and Thibetic.
He was a member of the Academy of Saint Petersburg.
Died in 1847.

Schmidt, (JOHANN ANDREAS,) a German Lutheran
divine, born at Worms in 1652, became professor of the-
ology and ecclesiastical history at Helmstedt, He
translated Paidie's " Elements of Geometry" from
French into Latin, and wrote several controversia!
works. Died in 1726.

Schmidt, ( MICHAEL IGNAZ.) a German historian,
born at Arnstein in 1736, was appointed director of the
archives at Vienna. He wrote a good " History of the
Germans," (22 vols., 1778-1808,) which was very pop-
ular, and other works. He was appointed aulic coun-
cillor at Vienna in 1780. Died in 1794.

Schmidt, (SEBASTIAN,) a German scholar of the
seventeenth century, was professor of Oriental lan-
guages at Strasburg. Died in 1697.

Schmith. shmlt, (NICHOLAS,) a Hungarian Jesuit
and historical writer, was rector of the college at Tyr-
nau. Died in 1767.

Schmitthenner, shmlt'hen'ner, (FRIEDRICH JAKOB,)
professor of political science at Giessen, was born in
1796. He published several works on philology, his-
tory, and political economy. Died in 1850.

Schmitz, shmlts, (LEONARD,) a historian and philol-
ogist, born near Aix-la-Chapelle in 1807. He removed
to England about 1836, and became rector of the High
School of Edinburgh in 1845. He published a " History
of Rome," a " Manual of Ancient History," and other
works. He also contributed to W. Smith's " Classical
Dictionary of Biography." Died May 28, 1890.

Schmolk, shmolk, or, less correctly, Schmolke,
(BENJAMIN,) an eminent German hymn-writer, born at
Brauchitschdorf, December 21, 1672. He studied at
Leipsic, and became a Protestant clergyman. Many of
his hymns are still very popular. Died at Schweidnitz,
February 12, 1737.

Schmuck'er, (SAMUEL M.,) an American writer,
born at New Market, Virginia, in 1823. He practised
law in Philadelphia. He wrote a number of historical
works and biographies. Died in 1863.

Schmucker, (SAMUEL SIMON,) D.D., an American
divine, born at Hagerstown, Maryland, February 28,
1799. He graduated at the University of Pennsylvania
in 1820, and at Princeton Divinity School, and in 1820
was ordained. For many years he was the champion of
" Low Church" Lutheran theology in the United States.
He published a large number of theological works. He
was the father of S. M. Schmucker. He was for many
years a professor of theology at Gettysburg, Pennsyl-
vania, where he died, July 26, 1873.



i, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; A, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; ni8t; n&t; good; moon;



SCHMUTZER



2147



SCHOFIELD



Schmutzer, shmoot'ser, (JAKOB MATTHIAS,) a Ger-
man engraver, born at Vienna in 1733, became director
of the Academy of Design in that city, and court en-
graver. His prints after Rubens are highly esteemed.
Died in 1813.

Schnaase, shna'zeh, (KARL,) born at Dantzic in
1798, published a " History of the Plastic Arts," (1843,)
and other similar works. Died May 20, 1875.

Schneb'be-lie, (JACOB,) an English artist, born at
Westminster in 1760, was appointed draughtsman to
the Society of Antiquaries. Died in 1792.

Schneider, shni daia', ( ANTOINE VIRGILE,) a French
general, born in 1780. He was minister of war from
May, 1839, to March, 1840. Died in 1847.

Schneider, shm'der, (CONRAD VICTOR.) a German
physician, born at Bitterfeld, in Saxony, in 1610, was
the author of a valuable work entitled " De Catarrhis,"
in which he gives an anatomical description of the in-
terior structure of the nose. The lining of the cavities
of the nose, which he first described, has been named,
in his honour, the Schneiderian membrane. Died in
1680.

Schneider, (EUGENE,) a French manufacturer, born
at Nancy in 1805. He became proprietor of a very
extensive manufactory of machinery, locomotives, etc.,
at Creuzot. He was elected in 1852 and in 1857 a
member of the legislative body, of which he was presi-
dent from 1867 until September 4, 1870. Died in 1875.

Schneider, shm'der, (JOHANN CHRISTIAN FRIED-
RICH,) a German composer, born near Zittau in 1786.
His works comprise oratorios, operas, and instrument-
pieces. Died in 1853 or 1854.

Schneider, (JOHANN GEORG, called afterwards Ey-
LOGIUS,) a German poet and monk, born at Wipfeld, in
Bavaria, in 1756. Having removed to Strasburg in I79'>
he became a violent revolutionist, and caused many
persons to be put to death. He was guillotined in Paris
in April, 1794.

See HEITZ, " Notes sur la Vie d'Euloge Schneider," 1863.

Schneider, (JOHANN GOTTLOB,) a brother of Johann
Christian Friedrich, noticed above, was born near Zittau
in 1789. He was appointed court organist at Dresden
in 1825, and composed a number of pieces for the organ.
Died in 1864.

Schneider, (JOHANN GOTTLOB,) a German philolo-
gist and naturalist, born near Wurzen, in Saxony, in
1750. He studied under Heyne at Gottingen, and in
1776 became professor of ancient languages and elo-
quence at Frankfort-on-the-Oder. He published edi-
tions of Nicander's " Alexipharmaca," ^Elian's " De
Natura Animalium," Xenophon's Works, the " Ar-
gonautica" of Orpheus, the " Politics" of Aristotle,
Msop's "Fables," and the Works of Theophrastus.
He also wrote numerous treatises on natural history,
among which we may name " Ichthyology of the An-
cients," (1782,) and " Physiology of Amphibious Ani-
mals," (1790.) His " Greek-and-German Lexicon" (1797)
is esteemed a standard work. Died in 1822.

See CUVIER, " Histoire des Sciences naturelles ;" " Nouvelle
Biographic Generale."

Schneider, (KARL ERNST CHRISTOPH,) a German
scholar, born at Wiehe, in the duchy of Saxony, in 1786.
He translated some of Plato's works, and published an
edition of Caesar's "Commentaries." Died in 1856.

Schneidewin, shm'deh-win', (FRIEDRICH WIL-
HEI.M,) a German scholar, born at Helmstedt in 1810.
He was appointed in 1842 professor of classic literature
at Gottingen. He published " Critical Observations on
the Lyric Poets of Greece," " Commentaries on Sopho-
cles," and other original works ; also editions of several
Greek and Latin classics. Died in 1856.

Schneller, shnel'ler, (JULIUS FRANZ BORGIAS,) a
historian, born at Strasburg in 1777, was the author o f
several historical and dramatic works. Died in 1833.

Sohnetz, shnets, (JEAN VICTOR,) a French painter,
born at Versailles in 1787. He became director of the
French school of painting at Rome in 1840. Among his
works we may name " The Sack of Rome by the Con-
stable de Bourbon," and " Christ calling Little Children,"
for which, at the Universal Exposition of 1855, he gained
a medal of the first class. Died at Paris, March 15, 1870.



Schnitzler, shnlts'ler, (JEAN HENRI,) a litterateur,
born at Strasbourg in 1802. He published, besides
other historical arvd statistical works, " General Statistics
of the Empire of Russia," (1829,) "General, Methodical,
and Complete Statistics of France," (1846,) and "An-
cient and Modern Russia," (1854.) Died in 1871.

Schnorr, shnoR, (LuDWio FERDINAND,) an artist, a
brother of the following, was born at Leipsic in 178*
He is chiefly known from his illustrations of Goethe s
" Faust" in the Belvedere Gallery at Vienna. Died in


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 291 of 425)