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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Schnorr von Karolsfeld, shnoR fon ki'rols-felt',
(JULIUS,) an eminent painter, son of Veil Hans, noticed
below, was born at Leipsic in 1794. After studying for
a time at Vienna, he visited Rome in 1818, and during
his residence there executed the frescos in the Villa
Massimi in conjunction with Cornelius and Overbeck
he also painted a " Madonna and Child," " The Marriage
in Cana," " The Flight into Egypt," and other oil-pic-
tures of great excellence. In 1827 he was appointed
professor of historical painting in the Academy of Arts
at Munich, and was commissioned byLudwig, afterwards
King of Bavaria, to decorate the new palace with frescos
illustrating the poem of the " Nibelungen." His next
productions were a series of paintings in encaustic in
the Fest-Saalbau, representing events from the history
of Charlemagne, Frederick Barbarossa, and Rudolph
of Habsburg. He became in 1846 professor in the
Academy of Fine Arts and director of the Picture-
Gallery at Dresden. Schnorr also executed a series
of Bible pictures, (" Die Bibel in Bildern,") which have
been engraved. He has been censured by some critict
for his mannerism. He died May 26, 1872.

See " Biographic Universelle," (new edition;) BROCKHAUS.
" Conversations-Lexikon."

Schnorr von Karolafeld, (VEIT HANS,) a German
painter, and professor in the Academy of Art at Leipsic,
born at Schneeberg in 1764, was the author of " In-
struction in the Art of Design." Died in 1841.

Schnurrer, shnoor'rer, (CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) a
German Orientalist, born at Cannstadt, in Wiirtemberg,
in 1742. He became professor of philosophy at Tiibm-
gen, (1770,) and chancellor of the university, (1805.) He
published, among other works, a " Bibliotheca Arabica."
Died in 1822.

Schoeffer. See SCHOFFER.

Schoelcher, shol'Ker or sho'eTshaiR', (VICTOR,) a
French journalist and litterateur, born in Paris in 1804,
published several treatises on African slavery, (favor-
ing emancipation,) a "Life of Handel," etc. In 1875
he was chosen a senator for life. Died Dec. 26, 1893.

SchoelL See SCHOOL.

Schoemann. See SCHOMANN.

Schoenbein. See SCHONBEIN.

Schoenlein. See SCHONLEIN.

Schoening. See SCHONING.

Schoept See ScHfjPF.

Schoepflin. See ScH6pFLiN.

Schoffer or Schoeffer, shoffer, (PETER,) celebrated
for his improvements in the art of printing, was born at
Gernsheim, in Hesse-Darmstadt. He invented punches
in types while in the employ of Gutenberg and Faust at
Mentz, and after their separation became the partner
of Faust, who was his father-in-law. SchoSer continued
the business after the death of Faust, and published,
among other books, a Latin Bible, the Institutes of
Justinian, and some of the works of Saint Thomas
Aquinas. Died about 1502.

See A. F. DIDOT'S article in the " Nouvelle Biographic G*ne-

Schoffer, (PETER,) a printer, a son of the preceding,
worked at Worms several years, (1513-20,) removed to
Strasburg about 1521, and to Venice in 1541

See HELBIG, " Notice sur P. Schofier fils," 1846.

S-eho'field, (JOHN MCALLISTER,) an American gene-
ral, born in Chautauqua county, New York, in 1831.
He was educated at the Military Academy at West Point,
where he graduated in 1853, in the same class with
P. H. Sheridan and J. B. McPherson. He obtained the
rank of captain in May, 1861, soon after which he be-
came the chief of the staff of General Lyons, with

< as k; 5 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. ( J^^See Explanations, p. 23.)




whom he served in Missouri. In November, 1861, ha
was appointed a brigadier-general of volunteers, and
in the spring of 1862 he was selected to command the
district of Missouri. He resigned this position in Sep-
tember, but was restored to it in May, 1863, with the
rank of major-general. The forces under his command
operated with success in Arkansas after the capture of
Vicksburg, and took Little Rock. In February, 1864,
Schofield was appointed commander of the army of the
Ohio. He contributed to the success of Sherman's
brilliant campaign which resulted in the capture of At-
lanta on the 2d of September, 1864.

About the end of October he was sent with the
Twenty-third corps to Chattanooga, with orders to report
to General Thomas at Nashville. He commanded at
the battle of Franklin, where he was atvacked by Hood
on the 3Oth of November, and, having repulsed :he
enemy, fell back towards Nashville during the night In
this action Hood lost 1750 killed and 3800 wounded;
the entire loss of the Union army was 2300. This
campaign was ended by the decisive victory gained by
General Thomas near Nashville on the I5th and i6tn
of December. In February, 1865, the State of North
Carolina was constituted into a military department,
of which General Schofield was appointed commander,
with instructions to co-operate with General Sherman,
He captured Fort Anderson, occupied Wilmington on
the 22d of February, and formed a junction with Sher-
man at Goldsborough, where he arrived on the 2ist of
March. In the spring of 1867 he was appointed com-
mander of the first military district, which comprised the
State of Virginia. He was secretary of war, May,
1868, to March, 1869, superintendent at West Point
1876-81, and in 1883 was appointed to the military
division of the Missouri. He was commander- in- chief
of the United States army 1888-95, was made lieu-
tenant-general and retired September 29, 1895.

Scholariua. See GENNADIUS.

Scholefield, skol'feld, ? (JAMES,) an English divine
and scholar, born in Oxfordshire in 1789. He graduated
at Cambridge, and in 1825 became regius professor o."
Greek in that university. Among his publications are
an edition of /Eschylus with notes, an edition of Middle-
ton's "Treatise on the Greek Article," and "Hints for
an Improved Translation of the New Testament" Died
in 1853.

SchSll or Schoell, shbl, (ADOLF,) a German scholar,
born at Briinn in 1805, became professor of archaeology
at Halle, in 1842. He published a translation of Hero-
dotus, and of the " Ajax" of Sophocks, and wrote numer-
ous critical essays. Died at Weimar, May 26, 1882.

RICH,) a German historian and publicist, born in the
duchy of Saarbriick in 1766. He was Prussian secre-
tary of legation at Paris, (1816-18,) and became privy
councillor at Berlin in 1819. He published, besides
other works, a " History of Roman Literature," in
French, (Paris, 4 vols., 1815,) a " History of Greek Lit-
erature from its Origin," etc., (" Histoire de la LitteVa-
ture Grecque profane depuis son Origine jusqu'k la Prise
de Constantinople," 8 vols., 1823-25,) and "A Course
of History of the European States to 1789," (46 vols.,
1830-34,) which is commended as accurate and impartial.
Died in Paris in 1833.

See PIHAN DH LA FOREST, " Essai sur la Vie de Schoell," 1834.
"Biographic F. Schoell's," Leipsic, i8ai.

Scholten, sKol'ten, (JOHANNES HBNDRIK,) a Dutch
divine, born at Vleuten, August 17, 1811. He was a
divinity professor at Franeker, and in 1843 was called to
the University of Leyden. He published many works
of textual and doctrinal criticism, a treatise on compara-
tive religion ("Geschiedenis der Godsdienst en Wijsbe-
geerte," 1853,) etc., which are characterized by extreme
independence and breadth of view. He is regarded as
the father of what is called the Leyden school of theology.
Died at Leyden, April :o, 1885.

Scholz, sholts, UOHANN MARTIN AUGUSTIN,) a Ger-
man Catholic theologian and scholar, born near Breslau
in 1794. He visited Palestine and Syria in 1821, and

published in 1822 an account of his journey. He became
professor of theology at Bonn in 1823. Among his
other works we may name his "Novum Testamentum
Graece," (2 vols., 1830,) and " Manual of Biblical Archae-
ology," (1834.) Died in 1853.

Schomann or Schoemann, sho'mJn, (GEORO
FRIEDRICH,) a German philologist, born at Stralsund
in 1 793, became professor of ancient literature and elo-
quence at Greifswalde. He published critical essays (in
Latin) on the Greek classics. Died March 25, 1879.

Schomberg, shom'berg, (ALEXANDER CROWCHER,)
an English divine, born in 1756, published a "Chrono-
logical View of the Roman Laws," and other similar
works. Died in 1792.

Schomberg, (ISAAC,) an English naval officei,
served under Admiral Rodney in the American war,
and subsequently under Lord Howe in 1794. He was
the author of "Naval Chronology," (5 vols.) Died
in 1813.

Schomberg, de, de shom'berg or deh shoN'baiR',
(CHARLES,) Due d'Halluin, a marshal of France, born
in 1601, was a son of Henry, noticed below. He gained
in September, 1637, a victory over the Spaniards at
Lucate. Died in 1656.

Schomberg, de, DUCHESS. See HAUTEPORT, D".

Schomberg, shom'berg, de, [Fr. pron. deh sh6N'-
baiR',] (HENRI,) COUNT, an eminent French general
and statesman, bom in Paris in 1575, (or, as some say,
in 1583,) was a son of the following. He was ap-
pointed superintendent of the finances in 1619, soon
after which he gained victories over the Huguenots.
He became a marshal of France in 1625, repulsed the
English at the Isle of Rhi in 1627, and defeated the
insurgents under Montmorency at Castelnaudary in 1632.
Died in 1632.

See BACHOT, " Tombeao du Mar<chal de Schomberg," 1633 ; D
COURCSLLHS, " Dictionnaire des (Wn^raiu Francais ;" " Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'neraJe."

Schom'berg, von, [Ger. pron. fon shom'b?RG,] (CAS-
PAR,) a German general, born in Saxony in 1540. He
entered the service of the French king, and fought
against the Huguenots about 1567-75. In 1597 Schom-
berg and De Thou prepared the bases of the edict of
Nantes. Died in 1599.

Schomberg, von, fon shom'bSRG, (FRIEDRICH AR-
HAND HERMANN,) a celebrated Protestant military
commander, was born at Heidelberg in 1616. Having
served in the Swedish army in the Thirty Years' war,
he fought successively in the armies of the Netherlands,
France, and Portugal, and attained the rank of marshal
of France in 1675. He was driven from France by per-
secution in 1685. In 1688 he accompanied William,
Prince of Orange, to England, and, as commander-in-
chief of the forces in Ireland, was killed at the battle of
the Boyne, in 1690. " He was generally esteemed," says
Macaulay, " the greatest living master of the art of war.
His rectitude and piety, tried by strong temptations and
never found wanting, commanded general respect and
confidence. Though a Protestant, he had been during
many years in the service of Louis, and had, in spite of
the ill offices of the Jesuits, extorted from his employer,
by a series of great actions, the staff of marshal of
France." ("History of England.")

See KAZNHR, " Leben F. von Schomberg," 3 vola., 1789 : " Abre'go'
de laViede F. von Schomberg," by BKAUCHATKAU, 1690 :" Nouvelle
Biographic Ge"ne"rale."

Schomburgt shom'booRk, (OTTO,) a German writer,
born about 1810, was a brother of Sir Robert Hermann,
noticed below. He translated into German his brother's
" Description of British Guiana." Died in 1857-

Schomburgk, shom'burk, [Ger. pron. shom'booRk,]
(Sir ROBERT HERMANN,) a celebrated German traveller,
born at Freiburg in 1804. Having been sent in 1835
by the Geographical Society of London to explore the
interior of Guiana, he discovered the magnificent water-
lily to which he gave the name of the Victoria Regia.
He published, after his return, a " Description of British
Guiana," which was followed in 1847 by a "History of
Barbadoes." Appointed in 1848 British consul to Saint
Domingo, he contributed to the Journal of the Geo-

i,e,i, 5,3, y,long; a, 4,6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a,e, \,Q,ot>sair(; far, fall, fat; niJtjnfit; gdod; m55n;




graphical Society a number of valuable articles on the
physical geography of that island. Schomburgk was
elected a member of various learned societies in Europe,
created a chevalier of the legion of honour, and knight
of the Prussian order of the Red Eagle, and obtained
other similar distinctions. Died in 1865. The plant
called Schomburgkia was named in his honour.

Schon or Schoen, shbn, or Schongauer, shon'-
gow'er. (MARTIN,) an eminent German painter, was a
native of Kolmbach or Ulm, and is supposed to have
been a pupil of Franz Stoss. He was called BUON MAR-
riNO by the Italians, and was a friend of Pietro Perugino
His principal works are at Colmar, Vienna, Munich, and
Nuremberg. His " Madonna," in the minster at Colmar,
ranks among the most admirable productions of early
German art. He also executed a number of excellent
engravings. Died in 1488.

See GAI.ICHON, "Martin Schongauer," 1859; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Schonseus. See SCHOON.

Scbbnbeiu or Schoenbein, shbn'bin, (CHRISTIAN
FRIEDRICH,) a German chemist, and the inventor of
gun-cotton, born at Mitzingen in 1799. He became pro-
fessor at the University of Basle in 1828. In 1839 he
discovered ozone, and subsequently made the discovery
of nitro-saccharin and nitro-fibrin or gun-cotton. He
published " Contributions to Physical Chemistry," (1844,)
and other works. Died in September, 1868.

See "Smithsonian Report" for 1868.

Schonburg, shon'booRG, a great family of German
mediatized princes and counts, of several branches, partly
Saxon and Protestant, partly Austrian and Catholic.

Schoner, sho'ner, (JoHANN,) a German mathema-
tician and astronomer, born at Carlstadt in 1477, was
professor of mathematics at Nuremberg. Died in 1547.

Schongauer. See SCHON.

Scheming or Schoening, sho'ning, (GERRARD,) a
Norwegian scholar, born in Nordland in 1722, became
professor of history and eloquence at Soroe. Died in

Schonlein or Schoenlein, shon'lin, (JOHAKN
LUKAS,) an eminent German physician, born at Bam-
berg in 1793. He was appointed professor of pathology
and therapeutics at Berlin in 1840, and acquired a high
reputation by his lectures. Died January 23, 1864.

See G. W. SCHARLAU, "Dr. Schonlein und sein Anhang," 1843;
RICHTER, " Dr. Schonlein und sein Verhaltniss zur neuera HeU-
kunde," etc., 1843.

Schoockius, sKo'ke-us, or Schoock, sKok, (MAR-
TIN,) born at Utrecht in 1614, was professor of languages,
history, etc. in his native city, and at Frankfort-on-the-
Oder. He published several critical and historical
works. Died in 1669.

See NICERON, " Me'moires."

Schoolcraft, skool'krift, (HENRY ROWE,) LL.D., a
distinguished American traveller, ethnologist, and scien-
tific writer, born near Albany, New York, in 1793. In
1818 he made a geological survey of Missouri and
Arkansas, and published in 1819 his " View of the Lead-
Mines of Missouri," etc. In 1820, as geologist, he accom-
panied General Cass on his expedition to the Lake
Superior copper-region, of which he published a narra-
tive in 1821. Being appointed in 1822 agent for Indian
affairs, he resided several years in the vicinity of Lake
Superior, and in 1832, while on an embassy to some
Indian tribes near the head-waters of the Mississippi,
discovered the sources of that river in the Itasca Lake.
An account of this tour was published, entitled a " Nar-
rative of an Expedition to Itasca Lake, "etc., (1834.) In
828 he founded the Michigan Historical Society, of
which he was afterwards president. Among his numer-
ous works are " Archives of Aboriginal Knowledge,"
(6 vols.,) "Notes on the Iroquois, or Contributions to
American History, Antiquities, and General Ethnology,"
(1848,) " Algic Researches," etc., "Personal Memoirs
of a Residence of Thirty Years with the Indian Tribes
on the American Frontiers," (1853,) and "The Myth of
Hiawatha, and other Oral Legends of the North Ameri-
can Indians." He married about 1823 the grand-daugh-
ter of an Indian chief of the Chippewa nation. His

second wife was Miss Mary Howard, of South Carolina,
herself an author.

"Mr. Schoolcraft's ethnological writings," says R. W.
Griswold, " are among the most important contributions
that have been made to the literature of this country. . . .
His works abound in materials for the future artist and
man of letters, and will on this account continue to be
read when the greater portion of the popular literature
of the day is forgotten." He died at Washington, D.C.,
December 10, 1864.

Schoolcraft, (LAURENCE,) COLONEL, an American
officer, born in 1760, was the father of the preceding.
He fought in the Revolutionary war. It is stated that
the original family name was Calcraft. Died at Verona,
New York, in 1840.

Schoon, van, vSn sK5n, I Lat. SCHON^E'US,] (CORNE-
LIUS,) a Dutch dramatist and Latin poet, born at Gouda
about 1540. He published " Carminum Libellus,"
(1570,) and "Terentius Christianus," (1614.) The latter
is a collection of dramas in imitation of Terence. Died
in 1611.

Schoonjana, sKon'yans, (ANTHONY,) a Flemish
painter, born at Antwerp about 1650. He worked in
Vienna and England. Died in Vienna in 1726.

Schooten, sKo'ten, (FRANS,) a Dutch mathematician,
and professor of mathematics at Leyden. He published,
among other works, " Principia Matheseos," and " M
thematical Exercises." Died in 1659.

Schopenhauer, sho'pen-how'er, (ARTHUR,) a cele-
brated pessimist philosopher of Germany, a son of
Johanna, mentioned below, was born at Dantzic in 1788.
He published "The World as Will and Appearance
or Representation," ("Die Welt als Wille und Vor-
stellung," 1819,) " The Two Ground-Problems of Ethics,"
(1841,) " On the Freedom of the Will," and a collection
of essays entitled " Parerga und Paralipomena," (1851.)
According to Schopenhauer, Will is the one reality in the
universe, all else is mere appearance. He taught, among
other things, that the world is essentially and radically
evil. Died in 1860.

See GWINNHR, " Schopenhauer's Leben ;" " Edinburgh Review"
for February, 1843.

Schopenhauer, (JOHANNA,) a German authoress,
born at Dantzic in 1770, published a number of tales
and romances, the most popular of which are " Gabri-
ele," " Die Tante," ("The Aunt,") and " Sidonia." Died
in 1849.

See "Youthful Life and Pictures of Travel : Autobiography of
Madame Schopenhauer."

Schbpf or Schoepf, shopf, (ALBIN,) a general, bora
in Hungary about 1822. He fought against Austria in
1848 and 1849, after which he emigrated to the United
States. He was appointed a brigadier-general in 1861,
and defeated a body of insurgents at Camp Wild-Cat,
Kentucky, October 21 of that year. Died in 1886.

SchopfJin or Schoepfun, shop'fleen, (JoHANN
DANIEL,) a German historian, born at Sulzburg in 1694,
became professor of history and eloquence at Strasburg,
(1720.) He was the author of "Alsatia Illustrata," (1
vols., 1751-61,) and other historical works. Died in 1771.
"Without any close contact," says Goethe, "he had
had a deep influence on me. . . . He was one of those
happy persons who are able to unite the past and the
present, and know how to knit the interests of life and
historical knowledge together. ... He came into con-
tact with all the scholars of his time ; he entertained
princes; he gained the confidence of statesmen, elabo-
rated for them the most profound deductions, and thus
found everywhere a theatre for his talents." ("Auto-
biography," vol. ii. p. 24.)

See RING. "Vita J. D. Schoepflini," 1764: LOBSTBIN, "Leben
J. D. Schopflins," 1776; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Bchopin or Chopin, sho'paN', (HENRI FREDERIC,)
a painter, of French extraction, born at Lubeck in 1804,
was a pupil of Baron Gros. His works are principally
historical pictures. He died October 20, 1880.

Schopp. See SCIOPPIUS.

Schoppe, shop'peh, (AMALIA EMMA,) born on the
island of Femern, on the coast of Holstein, in 1791,
published romances, tales, and historical works. Died
in 1858.

as k; c as s; g hard; g as ;'; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in this. \ JQ^ = "See Explanations, p. 23.




Schoreel, sKo-ral', ? Scoorel, or Schorel, sKo'rel
(JAN,) a Dutch painter, born near Alkmaar in 1495
Having previously visited Palestine, he spent severa
years at Rome in studying the works of the Italian
masters. His pictures enjoy a high reputation, but the'
are very rare, owing to the destruction of many of theri
by the Iconoclasts in the disturbances of 1566. Diet
in 1562.

Schorel. See SCHOREEL.

Schorn, von, fon shoRn, (JoHANN KARL LUDWIG,
a German writer upon art, born in Franconia in 1793
became professor of aesthetics and the history of art a
Munich. Died in 1842.

Schorn, von, (KARL,) a historical painter, nephew
of the preceding, was born at Dusseldorf in 1802.

Schotanus, sKo-ti'nus, (CHRISTIAN,) a Dutch divine
born in Friesland in 1603, became professor of Greek anc
ecclesiastical history at Franeker. He was the author
of a " History of Friesland down to 1558," and several
other works. Died in 1671.

Schott, sKot, (ANDREAS,) an eminent Dutch scholar,
born at Antwerp in 1552. He studied at Louvain, anc
subsequently visited Paris and Spain. He was appointed
in 1584 professor of Greek and rhetoric at Saragossa,
and, having entered the order of Jesuits, was afterwards
invited to fill the chair of rhetoric in the Jesuits' College
at Rome. His works are very numerous, and display
profound learning ; among the most esteemed we may
name " Hispania Illustrata," etc., a collection of the his-
torians of Spain, Portugal, India, etc., (4 vols., 1603-08,)
"Hispania Bibliotheca," (1608,) being an account of the
libraries and state of letters in Spain, " Selecta Variorum
Commentaria in Orationes Ciceronis," (3 vols., 1621,
and "Adagia sive Proverbia Graecorum ex Zenobio,'
etc. He also edited the works of Pomponins Mela,
Saint Basil, and other classics. Died in 1629.

See NICRON, " Me"moires ;" FdLix VAN HULST, " A. Schorl,"
1847 ; FOPPENS, " Bibliotheca Belgica."

Schott, shot, (HEINRICH AUGUST,) a learned writer
born at Leipsic in 1780, became successively professor
of philosophy and theology in his native city, and of
theology at Wittenberg anc! Jena. Died in 1835.

Schott, (KASPAR,) a German Jesuit and experimental
philosopher, born in 1608. He published a number of
scientific works, in Latin. Died in 1666.

Schott, (WlLHELM,) a German linguist, born at May-
ence in 1809. He graduated at Halle in 1827, and was
appointed in 1840 to a professorship in the University
of Berlin. His published works relate to the Tchuvash,
Tartar-Finnic, Chinese, and other languages, some of
them first carefully studied by him. Died in 1889.

Schottgen or Schoettgen, shbt'cen or shot'gen,
(CHRISTIAN,) a German philologist, born in Saxony in
1687, published " Horse Hebraicae." Died in 1751.

Schouler, skoo'ler, (JAMES,) an American lawyer
and historian, a son of General William Schouler, a
well-known journalist of Boston, was born at Arling-
ton, Massachusetts, March 20, 1839. He graduated at
Harvard College in 1859, and served in 1863 as a lieu-
tenant in the United States signal service. His principal
law-books are " On Domestic Relations," " On Husband
and Wife," "On Bailments," "On Executors and Admin-
istrators," and " On Personal Property," (2 vols.) These
works are recognized as standard authorities. His " His-
tory of the United States under the Constitution" (5
vols., 1880-1891) is a well-written work, in which the
Democratic or state-rights view is ably maintained.

Schouvaloffi See SHOOVALOF.

Schouw, skow, (JOACHIM FREDRIC,) a Danish botan-
ist, born at Copenhagen in 1789. He was appointed in
1821 professor of botany in his native city. In 1835 he
represented the University in the Danish Assembly, of
which he was afterwards president. He was the author
of " Elements of a Universal Geography of Plants,"
(1822,) "Delineations of Nature," (1839,) "Earth, Plants,
and Man," and other works. Died in 1852.

Bchrader, shna'der, (EBERHARD,) a German Assyri-
ologist, born at Brunswick, January 5, 1836. He was
educated at Gb'ttingen, and held professorships in the-

ology successively in the Universities of Zurich, Giessen,
Jena, and Berlin. Among his works are "Cuneiform
Inscriptions of Assyria and Babylon," (" Assyrisch-Baby-
lonisch Keilinschriften,") "The Cuneiform Inscriptions
and the Old Testament," ("Die Keilinschriften und
das alte Testament,") "Prehistoric Antiquities of the
Aryan Peoples," (trans., 1890,) etc.

Schrader, shRa'der, (HEINRICH ADOLF,) a German
physician, botanist, and writer, born near Hildesheim in
1761 ; died in 1836.

man jurist and writer on law, was born at Hildesheira
in 1779; died in 1860.

Schrader, (JULIUS,) a German painter, born at Berlin
in 1815. Among his principal works are "The Death

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 292 of 425)