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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Scoutetten, skoo'tJ'toN', (ROBERT JOSEPH HENRI,)
a French surgeon, born at Lille in 1799, published a num-
ber of medical works. Died at Metz in 1871.

Scran'ton, (GEORGE W.,) an American manufacturer,
bom in New Haven county, Connecticut, in 1811. He
removed to Pennsylvania, and established iron-works at
Scranton, which was named in his honour. He repre-
sented the twelfth district of Pennsylvania in Congress
from 1859 until his death. He died in 1861.

Scribani, skRe-ba'nee, (CHARLES,) a Flemish Jesuit,
born at Brussels in 1561. He wrote many theological
nd polemical works. Died in 1629.

Scribe. skReb,(AuGUSTiN EUGENE,) a popular French
comic dramatist, born in Paris in 1791. He wrote comic
operas and vaudevilles in which the character and foibles
of the middle classes of Paris are well represented. He
employed many collaborators in the production of his
works, which are very numerous. In 1835 he was ad-
mitted into the French Academy, where Villemain re-
ceived him with a complimentary speech. Among his
works are "The Solicitor," (" Le Solliciteur," 1817,]
" Fra Diavolo," (1830,) "The Crown Diamonds," (1841,'
" The Glass of Water," (1842,) and " Bertrand et Raton.'
His plots are ingenious, and his dialogues natural am
animated. Died in 1861.

See L. DE LOMBNIB, "Gilerie des Contemporains;" SAINTE

iEUVE, " Portraits contemporains ;" " Nouvelle Biographic G^ne-

lle; fl "Foreign Quarterly Review" for May, 1832.

Scri-bo'nI-us Lar'gus Des-ig-na-tt-a'nus, (des
ig-ni-she-a'nus,) a Roman physician in the time of Tibe
rius and Claudius, was the author of a work entitle:
'On the Composition of Medicaments," ("De Compo
sitione Medicamentorum.")

Scrim'zeor or Scrim'ger, (HENRY,) a Scottish
critic, eminent for learning, was born at Dundee in
1506. He became professor of philosophy and civi
law at Geneva, where he died in 1571 or 1572.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen



B

rale



Scriv'en, (EDWARD,) an English engraver in the
chalk and dotted manner, was born in 1775. He en-
raved portraits and fine book illustrations. Died 1841.
Scrivener, skriv'ner, (FREDERICK HENRY AMBROSE,)
^L.D., an English divine, born at Bermondsey, Septem-
)er 29, 1813. He graduated in 1835 at Trinity College,
Cambridge, and held various preferments in the English
Church. He published works on the New Testament
and its Greek texts and manuscripts, and was prominent
n the New Testament revision. Died in 1891.

Scriver,skRee'ver,(CHRlSTlAN,) a German divine, born
at Rendsburg in 1629, was court preacher at Quedlinburg
n 1690. He was the author of "Gotthold's Emblems,
and other works. Died in 1693.

Scriverius. See SCHRYVER.

Scroggs, (Sir WILLIAM,) a English judge of ill repu-
tation, born in Oxfordshire in 1623. He was appointed
chief justice of the king's bench in 1678. Suspected of
collusion with Titus Oates in the Popish Plot, he was
removed in 1681. Died in 1683.

See LORD CAMPBELL, " Lives of the Chief Justices."

Scrope, (GEORGE POULETT THOMSON,) an English
^eologist, Fellow of the Royal Society, and a brother
of Lord Sydenham, was born in 1797. He published,
among other works, a treatise " On the Geology of Cen-
tral France," (1827,) and a "Life of Lord Sydenham,"
(1843.) He was elected to Parliament, as a Liberal, for
the borough of Stroud, in 1833. Died January 19, 1876.

See " Fraser's Magazine" for May, 1847.

Scud'der, (HENRY,) an English Presbyterian divine
of the time of Cromwell, was the author of a popular
work entitled " The Christian's Daily Walk."

Scud'der, (HORACE ELISHA,) an American author,
born in Boston, October 16, 1838. He graduated at
Williams College in 1858. His principal works are
Seven Little People and their Friends," ( 1 862,) " Dream
Children," (1863,) "Life of D. C. Scudder," (1864,)
"Stories from my Attic," (1869,) "The Bodley Family,"
a series of books for children, (7 vols., 1875-83,) " Dwell-
ers in Five Sisters Court," (1876,) "Boston Town,"
(1881,) "Noah Webster," (1882,) a "History of the
United States," etc.

Scud'der, (JOHN M.,) M.D., an American physician
and divine of the Dutch Reformed Church, was born at
New Brunswick, New Jersey, in 1793. In 1819 he sailed
as a missionary to Ceylon, where he resided nineteen
years. He was the author of "The Redeemer's Last
Command," "Letters to Children on Missionary Sub-
jects," and other religious works. Died in 1855.

Scudder, (SAMUEL HUBBARD,) an American natural-
ist, a brother of H. E. Scudder, was born in Boston,
Massachusetts, April 13, 1837. He graduated at Wil-



. , i period

attention to the fossil insects found in great numbers in
Colorado.

Sender! or Scudery.de, deh skii'di're', (GEORGE,)
a French dramatist, was born at Havre about 1601, He
was patronized by Cardinal Richelieu, and his works
had great popularity in his time, but are now forgotten.
He was a member of the French Academy. Died in 1667.

Sender! or Scud6ry, de, (MADELEINE,) sister of the
preceding, was born in 1607. She wrote numerous ro-
mances, which were greatly admired by her contempo-
raries. Among these we may name " Artamene, ou le
Grand Cyrus," (10 vols.,) " Clelie," (10 vols.,) and " Ibra-
ham, ou 1'illustre Bassa." She also published numerous
tales, fables, and poems. Mademoiselle de Scude'ri was
the most distinguished member of the society which
met at the Hotel de Rambouillet, and which has been
immortalized by Moliere in his " Pre'cieuses ridicules."
Died in 1701.

See TALLEMANT DES REAUX, " Historiettes ;" NICERON, "Mrf-
moires ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"nera]e."

Scudery. See SCUDERI.

Scultetua. See SCHULTET, SCHULTZ, and SCULTZ.

Scultz, skoolts, [LaL SCULTE'TUS,] (JOHANN,) a

German surgeon, born at Ulm in 1595, was a pupil of



e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e T, 5, u, J, short; a, e, i, 9, obscuri; far, fill, fat; mJt; not; good; moon:



SCYLAX



2163



SEBASTIANI



Spigelius. He was the author of " Armamentarium
Chirurgicum," a surgical work highly esteemed at the
time. Died in 1645.

Scylax, sl'laks, [2iciA<z,] a Greek mathematician and
geographer, was a native of Caryanda, near Halicarnas-
sus, and is supposed to have lived about 500 B.C. He
was the author of a " Periplus of the Parts beyond the
Columns of Hercules," which was first published by
Hoeschel in 1600.

S9y-lit'zes or S$y-lit'za, [Z/a>&Tf w ,] (JOHN,) a
Byzantine historian, sometimes called CUROPALA'TES,
flourished about 1050-80. He wrote a valuable history
of the Greek Empire, Zirvmpu; laropujv.

Sgylla [Gr. 2/ciWa] and -eha-ryb'dis, of classic
mythology, were represented as two monsters which in-
fested the strait between Italy and Sicily and rendered
the navigation of that passage very dangerous. They
were located one on each side of a narrow channel,
through which ships must pass, so that the mariner who
avoided one was apt to become a victim of the other,
as the proverb says,

" Incidit in Scyllam qui vult vitare Charybdim."

The poets feigned that Scylla was a maiden transformed
by Circe into a monster tint barked like a dog. Scylla
is, perhaps, the personification of a rock, and Charybdis
jf a whirlpool.

Scymnus, sim'nus, [2/oyn>oc,] OF CHIOS, a Greek
geographer, who lived about 80 B.C., was the author of a
description of the earth, in Iambic verse, of which only
fragments are extant.

Seabury, see'ber-e, (SAMUEL,) D.D., an American
divine, born at Groton, Connecticut, in 1729. He grad-
uated at Yale College, and was chosen Bishop of Con-
necticut in 1783. Died in 1796.

Seabury, (SAMUEL,) D.D., an American divine of
the Episcopal Church, grandson of the preceding, was
born in 1801. He became editor of the New York
"Churchman" in 1834. He published "American Sla-
very Justified by the Law of Nature," (1861,) and othei
works. He died in New York, October 10, 1872.

Seals'field, (CHARLES,) a litterateur, born at Poppitz,
in Moravia, March 3, 1793. His true name was KARL
POSTEL. In early life he was a monk. He became
associate editor of the "Courrier des fitats-Unis," New
York, in 1829. He published (in English) " Tokeah, or the
White Rose," and "Sketches of Transatlantic Travels,"
"Pictures of Life from both Hemispheres," and "South
and North," (in German, 3 vols., 1842.) Translations
of portions of the three last-named works appeared in
" Blackwood's Magazine." Died in 1864.

Sea'man, (LAZARUS,) an English dissenter of the
seventeenth century, was one of the divines of the
Westminster Assembly. Died in 1675.

Sear'ing, (LAURA REDDEN,) before marriage, LAURA
C. REDDEN, an American poet, whose pseudonym is
HOWARD GLYNDON. She was born near Salisbury,
Maryland, February 9, 1840. At ten years of age an
attack of brain-fever left her totally deaf. In 1876 she
was married. Among her books are " Notable Men of
the Thirty-Seventh Congress," (1862,) " Idyls of Battle,"
(1864,) "Little Boy's Story," (from the French, 1870,)
and " Sounds from Secret Chambers," (poems, 1874.)

Sears, seerz, (BARNAS,) D.D., an American divine
and scholar, born at Sandisfield, Massachusetts, in 1802.
Having studied at several German universities, he be
came, after his return, president of Brown University,
at Providence, (1855.) He published, among other works,
" Ciceroniana ; or, The Prussian Mode of Instruction in
Latin," and a "Life of Luther, with Special Reference
to its Earlier Periods," etc., (1850.) He also contributed
to the " Bibliotheca Sacra" and the " Christian Review.'
For several years he was manager of the Peabody Edu
cational Fund. Died July 6, 1880.

Sears, (EDMUND HAMILTON,) D.D., an American
divine and poet, born at Sandisfield, Massachusetts, in
1810. He graduated at Union College in 1834, and at
the divinity school at Cambridge, Massachusetts, and
held various Unitarian pastorates. Among his works
are "Regeneration," (1853,) "Pictures of the Olden



Time," (1857,) " Athanasia," (1857,) " The Fourth Gospel
the Heart of Christ," (1872,) and "Sermons and Songs
of Christian Life," (1875,) the latter including some
avourite hymns. Died at Weston, Massachusetts, Jan-
uary 14, 1876.

Sea'ton, (JOHN COLBORNE,) BARON, an English
general and statesman, born in 1776. He served with
distinction in the Peninsular war, and was afterwards
appointed Governor of Canada. He obtained the
jrand cross of the order of the Bath in 1838, was
made a general in 1854, and in 1855 commander of the
military forces in Ireland. Died in 1863.

Sea'well, (MOLLY ELLIOT,) an American author,
born in Gloucester county, Virginia, in 1860. She
published her first novel in 1889, won a $500 prize
with her " Little Jarvis" in 1890, and a $3000 prize
with her "Sprightly Romance of Marsac" in 1895.
She has published various other novels and juvenile
books.

Seb, in tte ancient Egyptian mythology, was the father
f the gods, and the god of the earth. He was identified
with Cronos, or Saturn.

Seba, sa'ba, (ALBERT,) a Dutch amateur naturalist,
born in East Friesknd in 1665, acquired a large fortune
in the service of the Dutch East India Company, which
he spent in forming a museum of objects in natural his-
tory. This collection having been purchased by Peter
the Great of Russia, Seba made another, still larger,
which was esteemed the finest in Europe. He pub-
lished a description of his museum, in Latin and French,
(4 vols. fol.) He died in 1736, soon after which his col-
lection was sold at auction.

Sebastian, se-bast'yan, [Port SEBASTIAO, sa-bis-te-
OWN'; Fr. SKBASTIEN, sa'bis'te^N'; Sp. SEBASTIAN,
sa-bas-te-an' ; Lat. SEBASTIA'NUS,] DOM, King of Por-
tugal, and grandson of the emperor Charles V., was
born at Lisbon in 1554. He manifested at an early age
a passion for military adventure and romantic exploits.
In 1578 he took advantage of the dissensions which had
broken out in Morocco to invade that country, under
the pretext of assisting Muley Mohammed to recover his
throne, which had been usurped by his uncle, Abdul-
Melek (or -Malek.) He invaded Morocco, and was op-
posed by Abdul-Melek in a battle near Alcazar-quivir,
where Sebastian was defeated and killed in 1578.

See BERNARDO DA CRUZ, " Chronica de Dom Sebastiao," 1837:
BARBOSA MACKADO, "Memorias para a Historia de Portugal," 4
vols., 1736-51; "Nouvelle Biographic G^neYale ;" BAHNA PAREDA,
" Vida de D. Sebastian," 1691.

Sebastian, [Lat. SEBASTIA'NUS ; Fr. SBASTIEN, si'-
bis't-4.N' ; It SEBASTIANO, si-bis-te-a'no,] SAINT, a
celebrated Christian martyr of the third century, is sup-
posed to have been a native of Narbonne, in France.
He served as a captain in the praetorian guard under
Diocletian. Having refused to abjure his faith, he was
tied to a tree and pierced with arrows, A.D. 288. His
martyrdom has been a favourite subject with the painters
of the middle ages, and his protection is invoked by the
Catholics against pestilence.

See MRS. JAMESON, " Sacred and Legendary Art."

Sebastian del Piombo. See PIOMBO.

Sebastiani, si-bas-te-i'nee or sa'bfs'te'fne', (HOR-
ACE FRANC.OIS,) COUNT, a distinguished general and
diplomatist in the French service, was born in Corsica
about 1775. He took part in the Italian campaigns of
1796 and 1799, and rose to be general of brigade in 1802.
He afterwards served in Austria, Spain, and Russia.
He was appointed minister of marine after the revolution
of 1830 by Louis Philippe, and subsequently minister of
foreign affairs. In 1835 he was ambassador to London,
and was made a marshal of France in 1840. Died in 1851.

See L. DE LOM^NIE, " M. le Comte de Sebastiani," 1841;
"I'ouvelle Biographic Generale."

Sebastiani, QEAN ANDR* TIBURCE,) VISCOUNT, a
general, a brother of the preceding, was born in Cor-
sica in 1788. He took part in the Spanish campaigns
from 1808 to 1811, and accompanied the grand army to
Russia in 1812. He was made a lieutenant-general after
the revolution of 1830, and received the grand cross of
the legion of honour in 1845. Die( ^ m 1871.



eas; 5 as s; ^hard; gas/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; v.,trilled; sasi; th as in //it.-. (8^**See Explanations, p. 23.,'



SEBASTIANO



2164



SEDGWICK



Sebastiano. See SEBASTIAN.
Sebastianug. See SEBASTIAN.
Sebastiao. See SEBASTIAN.
Sebastien. See SEBASTIAN.

Seber, sa'ber or za'ber, (WOLFGANG,) a German
scholar and divine, born at Sula in 1573, published an
"Index of all the Words in Homer," ("Index omnium
in Homero Verborum,") and editions of several Greek
classics. Died in 1634.

Sebek, the crocodile-headed god of the ancient
Egyptians. He was chiefly worshipped in the Arsinoite
nome : in other regions he was in late times held in such
general abhorrence that the names of towns and districts
where he was worshipped were omitted from the geo-
graphical lists.

Seb'i-ehus, (in Egyptian, Shab'atok,) a king of
Egypt, a son and successor of Sabacon. He lost Ethi-
opia to Tirhakah, but joined with that prince and with
Hezekiah in a league against the Assyrians. The Bible
and the Egyptian records both describe the miraculous
destruction of the hosts of Sennacherib, (701 B.C.) In
692 B.C. Tirhakah slew Sebichus and conquered Egypt.
Sebillot, (PAUL,) a French folk-lorist, born at
Matignon in 1843. He became a painter, but after
1883 devoted himself to folk-lore, publishing books on
Breton legends, " Contes de Terre et de Mer," (1883,)
" Legendes et Superstitions de la Mer," (1886,) etc.
He edited the " Revue des Traditions Populaires.'

Sebonde, de, da sa-bon'da, or Sabunde, sa-boon'-
da, (RAYMOND,) a Spanish physician and theologian,
born at Barcelona, became professor of medicine, phi-
losophy, and divinity at Toulouse. He was the author
of "Theologia Naturalis," (1496,) which was translated
into French by Montaigne. Died about 1432.

See BAYLE, " Historical and Critical Dictionary :" J. HOLBKRG,
" De Theologia Natural! R. de Sebonde," 1846.

Sebron, sa'bR6N', (HiPPOLYTE,) a French painter,
born in iSoi, was a pupil of Daguerre. Died in 1879.

Seochi, sek'kee, (PIETRO ANGELO,) S.J., a distin-
guished Italian astronomer, born at Reggio nell' Emilia,
July 29, 1818. In 1833 he became a Jesuit. He was an
instructor at Loreto, 1841-43, and at Georgetown, D.C.,
1849-50, having meantime studied divinity at Rome,
Father Secchi won a wide and well-deserved reputation
at the observatory of Rome, to which he was called in
1850. His spectroscopic observations, his studies of
stellar, solar, and terrestrial physics, and his meteoro
logical researches, all were important Among his man;
contributions to scientific literature are "Catalogo delle
Stelle," (1867,) "Fisica solare," (1869,) " Le Soleil,'
(1870,) "Dell 1 Unita delle Forze fisiche," (1875,) etc
Died February 26, 1878.

Sechelles. See HERAULT DE SCHELLES.
Seckeudorf, von, fon s?k'en-doRf or zSk'en-doRf"
(CHRISTIAN ADOLF,) BARON, a German dramatist am
poet, born in 1767 ; died in 1833.

Seckendorf, von, (FRIEDRICH HEINRICH,) COUNT
a German commander and diplomatist, born at Konigs
berg, in Franconia, in 1673, was a nephew of Veil Lud
wig, noticed below. He served against the Turks unde
Prince Eugene, and in the war of the Spanish succes
sion, and subsequently entered the army of Augustu
II. of Poland. As Polish ambassador at the Hague, h
assisted in negotiating the peace of Utrecht, in 1713
Created field-marshal-lieutenant in 1717, he fought unde
Eugene at the battle of Belgrade, and was soon afte
made a count of the empire, general of ordnance, am
governor of Leipsic. He concluded the treaty of Wus
terhausen, in 1726. On the death of Eugene he becam
commander-in-chief of the Austrian army at Belgrade,
Died in 1763.

Seckendorf, von, (GusTAV,) BARON, a Germa
writer, known by the pseudonym of PATRICK PEALE
born near Altenburg in 1775, was author of a nnmbe
of dramas and prose essays. He died in America
in 1823.

Seckendorf, von, (VEIT LUDWIG,) an emmen
German statesman, scholar, and theologian, born nea
Erlangen in 1626. In 1691 he was appointed by th
Elector Frederick III. (afterwards Frederick I. of Prus



ia) his privy councillor, and made chancellor of the
fniversity of Halle. He was the authoi of a political
pork entitled " Deutsche Furstenstaat," (1665,) " His-
orical and Apologetical Commentary on Lutheranism,"
Compendium of Ecclesiastical History," (both in
Latin, 1666,) and "Christenstaat," a defence of Chris-
anity against the infidel philosophers. Died in 1692.

See SCHREBER, "Historia Vitae V. L. a Seel endorf," 1733;
'IPPING, " Memorise Theologorum."

Seck'er, (THOMAS,) an eminent English prelate, born
t Nottingham in 1693. He studied at an academy for
issenters at Tewkesbury, where Butler, the author of
le "Analogy," was one of his fellow-students. He
fterwards conformed to the Church of England, entered
Exeter College, Oxford, and was ordained in 1723. He
pas made Bishop of Bristol, (1735,) of Oxford, (1737,)
nd Archbishop of Canterbury, (1758.) He died in 1768,
eaving a number of sermons, lectures, etc.

See BEILBY POHTKUS, " Review of the Life and Character of
Tchbishop Seeker."

Second, (JEAN.) See EVERARD, (JOANNES.)

Secondat, de. See MONTESQUIEU, DE.

Secondat, de, deh seh-k6.N'da", (JEAN BAPTISTE,)
BARON, a son of the celebrated Montesquieu, was born
iear Bordeaux in 1716. He wrote several scientific
reatices. Died in 1796.

Secondo, sa-kon'do, (GIOVANNI MARIA,) an Italian
awyer and littfratmr, born at Lucera in 1715. Among
lis works is a " Life of Julius Caesar," (" Storia della
Vita di C. Giulio Cesare," 3 vols., 1777.) Died in 1798.

Secousse, seh-kooss', (DENIS FRANC.OIS,) a French
listorical writer, born in Paris in 1691. He published

Memoires de Conde," (5 vols., 1743,) and other
works. Died in 1754.

Secretan, (CHARLES,) a French philosopher, was
iorn at Lausanne in 1815. He became professor of
philosophy in the Academy of Lausanne, and wrote
' Philosophic de la Liberte," " La Raison et la Chris-
ianisme," " La Civilisation et les Croyances," etc.
Died in 1895.

Secundus, (JOANNES.) See EVERARD, (JOANNES.)

Sedaine, si'din', (MiCHEL JEAN,) a popular French
dramatist, born in Paris in 1719. Among his principal
works are the comedies entitled " The Philosopher with-
out knowing it," (" Le Philosophe sans le savoir,")
"The Unexpected Wager" ("La Gageure imprevue,")
and " Raimord, Count of Toulouse ;" also the operas
of "Aline, Queen of Golconda," "Amphitryon," " Rich-
ard Cceur-de-Lion," and "William Tell." He was
chosen a member of the French Academy in 1786.
Died in 1797.

See MADAME DB SALM-DYCK, " Eloge de Siidame, 1797.
Sedano, de, da sa-dl'no, (Don JUAN Josft LOPEZ,)
a Spanish antiquary, born at Alcala de Henares in 1729,
published a " Dissertation on the Medals and Ancient
Monuments found in Spain," a compilation of poems
entitled "The Spanish Parnassus," and other works.
Died in iSoi.

Sed'dpn, (JAMES A ,) an American politician and
lawyer, born in Virginia. He was elected a member of
Congress in 1845 an ^ in !849, and of the Confederate
Congress, 1861-62. He was appointed secretary of war
of the Confederate States about November, 1862, and
retained that office until January, 1865. He died Au-
gust 19, 1880.

S6dg'wick, (ADAM,) an eminent English geologist,
born at Dent, in Yorkshire, March 22, 1785. He was
educated at Cambridge, and became a Fellow of Trinity
College in 1809. He obtained in 1818 the chair of
geology founded at Cambridge by Dr. Woodward, and
became a canon of Norwich in 1834. Professor Sedgwick
gave much attention to the crystalline and palaeozoic
rocks, and contributed greatly to the progress of geology
in England. Among his works is a " Synopsis of the
Classification of the British Palaeozoic Rocks." He is
reputed to have written an able criticism which appeared
in the " Edinburgh Review" on a book called " Vestiges
of Creation." Died January 27, 1873.

Sedgwick, (AMY,) (Mrs. PARKES,) a popular Eng-
lish actress, born at Bristol in 1835. Died in 1897.



a, e, 1, 5, u, y, long; 4, 4, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, j, Q, obscure; fir, fill, fat;m?t; not; good; moon



SEDGWICK



2165



SEEBURG



SSdg'wick, (CATHERINE MARIA,) an eminent Amer-
ican writer and moralist, daughter of Judge Sedgwick,
noticed below, was born at Stockbridge, Massachusetts,
in 1789. Her first publication, entitled "The New Eng-
land Tale," (1822,) was received with great favour, and
was followed by " Redwood," a novel, (1824.) Her tale
of " Hope Leslie" came out in 1827, and soon obtained
a wide popularity in America and Europe, having been
translated into German. Her other novels are entitled
" Clarence, or a Tale of our Own Times," (1830,) " The
Linwoods," (1835,) and "Married or Single," (1857.)
She also wrote numerous popular tales for the young,
which are among the most valuable and attractive works
of the kind. Among these may be named the " Love-
Token for Children," " Poor Rich Man and Rich Poor
Man," "Live and Let Live," " Means and Ends of Self-
Training," and "Morals of Manners." Having visited
Europe, Miss Sedgwick published in 1841 " Letters from
Abroad to Kindred at Home." She contributed to
Sparks's " American Biography" the " Life of Lucretia
Maria Davidson," and wrote a number of tales for the
leading periodicals. Died in 1867.

See GRISWOLD, " Prose Writers of America :" HARRIET MAR-
TINEAU, article in " Westminster Review" for October, 1837 : '* North
American Review" for April. 1825, April, 1828, January, 1831, and
October, 1837 ; " National Portrait-Gallery of Distinguished Ameri-
cans," vol. i.

Sedgwick, (JoHN,) an able American general, born
in Connecticut about 1815, graduated at West Point in
1837. He served in the Mexican war as first lieutenant,
(1846-47,) and was a lieutenant-colonel in the regular
army when the civil war began. He obtained command
of a brigade in August, 1861, distinguished himself at
Fair Oaks, May 31 and June I, 1862, and took part in
the Seven Days' battles, June 26 to July I. Having
displayed great courage and skill at Antietam, Septem-
ber 16 and 17, he was raised to the rank of major-general
in December. He commanded a corps at the battle of
Gettysburg, July 2 and 3, 1863, and in the army which
Grant moved towards Richmond. He was killed near
Spottsylvania Court-House on the gth of May, 1864.

Sedgwick, (OSADIAH,) an English Puritan divine,
born in Wiltshire in 1600. He was preacher at Saint
Paul's, London, and a member of the Westminster
Assembly. He was the author of " The Anatomy
of Secret Sins," and other religious works. Died in
1658.

Sedgwick, (ROBERT,) an ancestor of Theodore Sedg-
wick, was a major-general in the army of Cromwell.
He was one of the early settlers of Charlestown, Mas-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 297 of 425)