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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Antiochus III.

Seleu'cua IV. Philop'ator, a son of Antiochus III.,
became King of Syria in 186 or 187 B.C. He paid a
large sum of money to the Romans, who had defeated
Antiochus. Died in 175 B.C.

Seleucus V., a son of Demetrius Nicator, began to
reign in 124 B.C. He was put to death by his mother,
Cleopatra, in the same year.

Seleucus VI., surnamed EPIPH'ANES, was a son of
Antiochus VIII. He became king in 96, and was killed
in 95 or 94 B.C.

Selim [Turk. SELEEM or SELtM, se>leem'] 1, a son
of Bayareed (Bajazet) II., was born in 1467, and became
Emperor of Turkey in 1512. Having put to death his
two brothers, he invaded Persia, took its capital, and
subsequently carried on a successful war against Egypt
and Syria. He was preparing for another invasion of
Persia, when he d*d, in 1520.

Selim (Seleem) IL, grandson of the preceding, and
on of Solyman the Magnificent, was born about 1524,
and ascended the throne in 1566. Among the principal
events of his reign were the conquest of Cyprus from
the Venetians, and the signal defeat of the Turks in the
naval battle of Lepanto, (1571.) Died in 1574.

See VON HAMMER, "Geschichtc des Osmanischen Reichs."

Selim (Seleem) ITT., son of Mustafa III., born in
1761, became Sultan of Turkey in 1789. Having an
earnest desire to reform the government, he had, before
his accession, corresponded with the French ambassador,'
Count Choiseul, and with other distinguished statesmen.

After the termination of the wars in which Turkey had
been engaged with Russia, Austria, and France, Selim
entered upon his various reforms, among the most im-
portant of which was the Nizam Jedeed, (or Jedid,) i.e.
the " new order," or organization of the army after the
European manner. In 1806 war again broke out between
Turkey and the allied armies of Russia and England,
and the Janissaries, availing themselves of the dissatis-
faction of the army with the new arrangements, openly
revolted, and took possession of the arsenal. The Sultan
was deposed, and succeeded by Mustafa IV., who soon
after caused him to be strangled in prison, (1808.)

See LAMARTINK, " Histoire de la Turquie;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'nerale."

, saless', (NICOLAS JOSEPH,) a French poet,
born in Paris in 1737, became professor of Latin poetry
in the College of France in 1796. He produced a good
translation of the Satires of Persius. Among his works,
which are commended as elegant in style, are " Epistles
in Verse on Various Subjects," (1776.) Died in' 1802.

Seljookides or Seljukides, sll-joo'kidz, sing.
Seljukide or Seljookide, sjl-joo'kid, [Fr. SELDJOU-
KIDES, seTjooTced'; Ger. SELDSCHUKEN, s51-joo'k?n, or
SELDSCHUKIDEN, sSl-joo-kee'den ; Lat. SELGIU'KID.*
or SELJU'KID^C,] the name of a celebrated dynasty,
which was established in the latter half of the eleventh
century. Its founder was Togrul Beg, whose grand-
father Seljook, (Seljflk,) having been expelled from
Toorkistan by the ruling prince, accompanied by a
powerful tribe, (of which he was the head,) settlea in
Bokhara and embraced the Mohammedan religion.
Seljook, when over a hundred years of age, was killed
in battle, and was succeeded by his grandson, Togrul
Beg. This chieftain overran a large part of Central
Asia, took Bagdad, and obtained possession of the per-
son of the Caliph, whom, however, he treated with
profound respect The prince of the faithful afterwards
appointed Togrul the lieutenant of his vast empire, and
gave him his daughter in marriage. Togrul Beg was
succeeded by his nephew, the famous ALP-ARSLAN,
(which see.) Under him and his son, Malik Shah, the
Seljookian empire attained its highest point of power
and glory. It soon after began to decline, and ended
with the death of Togrul III.


Seljukides. See SELJOOKIDES.

Sel'kjrk, (ALEXANDER,) a Scottish sailor, born
Largo in 1676. Having in one of his voyages quar-
relled with his captain, he was left on the uninhabited
island of Juan Fernandez in 1704, with only his gun,
axe, ammunition, and a few other necessaries. Herr
he remained more than four years, living on game
and clothing himself with the skins of goats. He was
taken off in 1709, by Captain Woodes Rogers, who made
him his mate. He died in 1723, having attained the
rank of lieutenant in the navy. Selkirk's adventures
suggested to Defoe the celebrated romance of" Robinson

Sel'lar, (\VILLIAM YOUNG,) a British classicist,
bom near Golspie, Sutherland, in 1825. In 1863 he
became professor of Latin at Edinburgh. His bril-
liant " Roman Poets of the Republic," (1863,)
, brought him wide reputation. He published also
"The Roman Poets of the Augustan Age," (1877,)
and " Horace and the Elegiac Poets," (1892.) Died
in 1890.

Selle, sel'leh or zel'leh, (CHRISTIAN THEOPHI-
LUS,) a German physician and writer, born at Stettin,
in Pomerania, in 1748, became physician to Frederick
the Great of Prussia. He was the author of several
valuable medical works, and treatises against the phi-
losophy of Kant. Died in 1800.

Sel'lers, (CoLEMAN,) an American engineer, born
at Philadelphia in 1827. In 1886 he became professor
of the practice of engineering at the Stevens Insti-
tute of Technology. He is president and chief engi-
neer of the Niagara Falls Power Company, whose
engineering work was directed by him. He is a
member of many learned societies.

a, e, I, o, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; mJt; not; good; moon;




Sellius, sel'le-us, (GODFREY,) a German writer, born
at Dantzic, published a "Dictionary of Monograms,"
"Geographical Description of Dutch Brabant," and
other works. Died in 1767.

Sel'lpn, (BAKER JOHN,) an English lawyer, born in
1762, was the author of an "Analysis of the Practice of
the Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas," which
is highly esteemed. Died in 1835.

Sellon, (PRISCILLA LYDIA,) an English philanthro-
pist, born about 1820, established in 1849 a Protestant
sisterhood, corresponding with the religious orders of
the Catholic Church, for the care of the sick and the
education of poor children. Died in 1876.

Sellstedt, sel'stet, (LARS GUSTAF,) a painter, born
at Sundsvall, in Sweden, April 30, 1819. He came to
the United States in 1834, and was a seaman from 1834
to 1842, when he settled in Buffalo, New York, becoming
superintendent of the Buffalo Fine Arts Academy, opened
in 1862. He is chiefly distinguished as a portrait-painter.
He was in 1874 chosen a full member of the National
Academy of Design.

Selmer, sSl'mer, (HANNIBAL PETER,) a Norwegian
writer, born at Gaarden-Mein, in Norway, in 1802.

Selous, (FREDERICK COURTENAY,) an English
hunter, was born at London in 1851. He is known
by his striking descriptions of hunting life in South
Africa, given in " A Hunter's Wanderings in Africa,"
(iSSi,) "Travel and Adventure in Southeast Africa,"
(1893,) and "Sunshine and Storm in Rhodesia,"

Selva, s?l'va, (GIANANTONIO,) an Italian architect,
born at Venice in 1753 ; died in 1819.

Selve, de, deh slv, (JEAN,) a French judge and
negotiator, born in Limousin. He was sent to Madrid
in 1525 to negotiate for the liberation of Francis I., who
had been taken prisoner at Pavia. Died in 1529.

Sel'wyn, (GEORGE,) an English gentleman, distin-
guished for his wit, was born in 1719. He became a
member of Parliament. Died in 1791.

See J. H. JBSSB, "George Selwyn and his Contemporaries,"

Sel'wyn, (GEORGE AUGUSTUS,) D.D., an English
bishop, son of William Selwyn, an English jurist, was
born in 1809. He graduated at Saint John's College,
Cambridge. He was the zealous and highly successful
Anglican Bishop of New Zealand, 1841-67, and after-
wards was Bishop of Lichfield, in England. Died
April u, 1878. His second son, JOHN RICHARDSON
SELWYN, born in 1845, graduated at Trinity College,
Cambridge, in 1866, and in 1877 was consecrated
Bishop of Melanesia. He retired in 1891, and was
elected master of Selwyn College, Cambridge, in 1893.

Selys-Longchamps, de, deh seh-less' loN'shoN',
(MlCHEL EDMOND,) BARON, a naturalist, born in Paris
in 1813. He published, besides other works, a "Belgian
Fauna," (1st vol., 1842.)

Sem, the French for SHEM, which see.

Sem'e-le, [Gr. Ze/iefy ; Fr. SEMELE, sl'ma'la',] a
daughter of Cadmus, and sister of Ino, was said to have
been beloved by Jupiter, and to have been by him the
mother of Bacchus. The poets feigned that she re-
quested Jupiter to appear to her with his greatest
splendour, and that he came with flashes of lightning,
by which she was consumed, and that Bacchus rescued
her from Erebus and raised her to Olympus, where she
was called Thyo'ne.

Semini, sa-mee'nee, (ANDREA,) an Italian painter,
born at Genoa in 1510 ; died in 1594.

Semini, (ANTONIO,) a painter, ihe father of the pre-
ceding, was born at Genoa in 1485 ; died in 1550.

Semini, (OiTAVio,) a painter, a son of the preceding,
was born in 1520; died in 1604.

Semiramide. See SEMIRAMIS.

Se-mlr'a-mis, [Gr. 2e/jipa/ut ; It. SEMIRAMIDE, si-
me'ra-mee'da,] a celebrated queen of Assyria, whose
history is greatly obscured by fables, supposed to have
reigned about 1250 B.C. She was, according to Dio-
dorus, the wife of Omnes, a general in the Assyrian
army ; but, having attracted the notice of Ninus, King

of Assyria, he made her his queen. Having succeeded
to the throne on the death of Ninus, she built Babylon
and several other cities, and planned a number of mag-
nificent works. She invaded Persia and Ethiopia, and
conquered large portions of those countries. She was
less successful in her invasion of India, where her army
was overthrown, chiefly, as it would appear, by means
of the war elephants which her enemies possessed. She
is stated by some writers to have been murdered by
her son Ninyas, and by others to have been killed in

The name Sammuramut occurs in inscriptions of the
ninth century B.C. as the appellation of a certain queen
consort. The Greek story given in the above paragraph
is believed to be purely mythical, having no support from
the Assyrian inscriptions, so far as they are known.

See NIEBUHR, "Geschichte Assure mid Babels," 1857: RAWLIN-
SON. "The Five Great Monarchies of the Ancient Eastern World."

Seniler, sSm'ler or zfm'l^r, (JoHANN SALMON,) an
influential and liberal German theologian, was born at
Saalfeld in December, 1721, (or, as some writers say,
1725.) He studied in the University of Halle, and
became professor of theology there in 1751. He has
been called "the father of German rationalism." In
1757 he succeeded Baumgarten as director of the theo-
logical seminary. He acquired distinction by his method
of historical hermeneutics. He wrote, besides many
other works, " Apparatus ad Liberam Novi Testament!
Interpretationem," (1767,) and a "Treatise on the
Examination of the Canon," (" Abhandlung von der
Untersuchung des Kanons," 4 vols., 1771-75.) Died
at Halle in 1791.

See his Autobiography, entitled " Semlers Lebensbeschreibung,"
a vols., 1781-82; F. A. WOLF, " Ueber Semler's letzte Lebenstaee,'
1791; H. SCHMID, "Theologie Semler's," 1858; " Nouvelle Bio-
ipaphie Ge'ne'rale."

Semmes, s5mz, (RAPHAEL,) an American naval
officer, born in Maryland, entered the navy about 1826.
He obtained the rank of commander about 1855. In
the summer of 1861 he took command of the steamer
Sumter, which captured many merchant-vessels owned
by citizens of the United States. In August, 1862,
he became captain of a swift war-steamer, called the
" 290," or Alabama, just built in England, and manned
by British subjects. He inflicted immense damage on
the American mercantile marine. On the igth of June,
1864, he encountered, near Cherbourg, France, the
Kearsarge, Captain Winslow. In the battle that ensued,
both vessels moved rapidly in circles, swinging around
an ever-changing centre. After they had described
seven circles, the Alabama began to sink, and Semmes
escaped in the English yacht Deerhound. He lost nine
killed and twenty-one wounded, while Captain Winslow
lost only one killed and two wounded. Died August 30,

See TENNHY, " Military and Naval History of the Rebellion."

Semolei. See FRANCO, (BATTISTA.)

Semonville, de, d?h seh-moN'vel', (CHARLES Louis
Huguet ^ii'gi',) MARQUIS, a French diplomatist, born
in Paris in 1759. Having been sent on a mission to
Italy in 1793, he was imprisoned by the Austrians for
two years. He became a member of the senate in 1805,
and sat in the Chamber of Peers from 1815 to 1830.
Died in 1839.

See MOUNIER, "iSloge de Semonville;" "Nouvelle Biographic

Semper, sSm'per or z5m'p?r, (GOTTFRIED,) a Ger-
man architect, born at Hamburg in 1804. Among his
best works is the new theatre at Dresden. He pub-
lished two esteemed works, entitled " The Four Elements
of Architecture," (1851,) and "Science, Industry, and
Art," (1852.) Died at Rome, May 15, 1879.

Semper, (HANS,) a German scholar, a son of the
preceding, was born at Dresden in 1845, and in 1871
became professor of the German literature at Rome.
He wrote " Uebersicht der Geschichte der toscanischen
Sculptur," " Donatello, seine Zeit und seine Schule,"


Semper, (KARL,) a German traveller and naturalist,
a cousin of Hans Semper, was born in Altona, July 6,
1832. He travelled in the East Indian archipelago, and

; casj; ^hard; g as /; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; n.,lrilltd; sasz; thasinMw. (Ey"See Explanations, p. 23. .'




published " Reisen in Archipel der Philippinen," (1867-
72,) " Die Philippinen," etc., (1869,) " Die Palau-Inseln,"
etc., (1873.) and a ' so wrote much on the anatomy and
development of various groups of invertebrates. In
1868 he took a zoological professorship in Wiirzburg.
In 1877 he visited the United States. Died in 1893.

Semple, sSm'p'l, (ROBERT BAYLOR,) an American
Baptist divine, born in King and Queen county, Virginia,
in 1769. He published a " History of Virginia Baptists,"
and other works. Died in 1831.

Sem-pro'nI-a, a Roman lady, was the sister of the
celebrated Gracchi, and the wife of Scipio Africanus the

Sempronia, the beautiful but profligate wife of D.
Junius Brutus, who was consul in 77 B.C. She was
distinguished for her literary talents, and was an ac-
complice in the conspiracy of Catiline.

Sempronia Gens, an ancient Roman gens, was
divided into many families, known as the Atratini,
Gracchi, Longi, Run, Tuditani, etc. A. SEMPRONIUS
ATRATINUS, who was consul in 497 B.C., belonged to this

Sem-pro'nI-us Tu-dl-ta'nus, (C AIUS,) a Roman his-
torian, became consul in 129 B.C. His works are not

Senac, seh-nik', (JEAN,) a French physician and
medical writer, born at Lombez in 1693, became phy-
sician to the king in 1752. He was author of a treat-
ise on the structure and diseases of the heart, which
was esteemed a standard work at the time. Died in

Senac de Meilhan, seh-nik' deh m^'loN', (GA-
BRIEL,) a French writer, born in Paris in 1736, was a son
of the preceding. He published fictitious "Memoirs
of Anne de Gonzague," (1786,) and "Considerations
on Mind (or Intellect) and Manners," (" Considerations
sur 1'Esprit et les Moeurs," 1787.) Died at Vienna in

See CRAUFURD, " Essai biographique sur Senac de Meilhan,"
1803; SAINTE-BBUVH, "Causeries du Lundi ;" "Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Gei^rale."

Senan, si-nln', a celebrated physician and astron-
omer, born in Mesopotamia, flourished in the tenth
century. He was appointed archiater or chief of the
physicians by Moktader, Caliph of Bagdad. He wrote
several works on geometry and astronomy, and on the
doctrines of the Sabians. He died in 942 A.D.

Senancour, de, deh seh-noN'kooR', (TIENNE PI-
VERT,) a French writer, born in Paris in 1770, was a
melancholy and meditative person. He published, be-
sides other works, "Reveries on the Primitive Nature
of Man," (1799,) "Obermann," a tale, (1804,) and "Free
Meditations of a Recluse," (" Libres Meditations d'un
Solitaire," 1819.) M. Villemain procured for him a
pension from the state. Died in 1846.

See SAINTE-BBUVE, "Portraits contemporains;" QUBRAXD,

La France Litteraire :" " Nouvelle Biographic G^nerale."

Senard, sa'naV, (ANTOINE MARIE JULES,) a French
advocate and republican, born at Rouen in 1800. He
became president of the Constituent Assembly, (1848,)
was minister of the interior, and vice-president of the
senate, (1879.) Die d October 28, 1885.

Senarmont, de, deh seh-niR'mo.N', (ALEXANDRE
ANTOINE Hureau ^ii'ro',) BARON, a French general,
born at Strasburg in 1769. He distinguished himself
at Jena, Eylau, and Friedland, where he directed the
artillery, (1807.) He was killed at the siege of Cadiz,
in 1810.

Senarmont, de, (HENRI HUREAU,) a mineralogist
and engineer, born at Broui in 1808, was a nephew of
the preceding. He wrote a " Treatise on the Modifica-
tions which Reflection at the Surface of Crystals produces
in Polarized Light," (1840,) a "Geological Description
of the Department of Seine-et-Marne," (1844,) and other
works. Died in 1862.

Se-nat', (PROSPER L.,) an American artist, born at
Germantown, Pennsylvania, March 12, 1852. He studied
art in London, Paris, and Antwerp. He returned to
Philadelphia, and has devoted himself to landscape and
marine pictures.

Senault, seh-no', (JOHN FRANCIS,) a Flemish ecclesi-

astic, born at Antwerp about 1600. He settled in Paris,
where he became celebrated as a pulpit orator. He
published several moral and religious works. Died in

Senebier, sen'be-4', (JEAN,) a Swiss naturalist and
litterateur, was born at Geneva in 1742. He was ordained
a minister about 1762, and preached several years at
Chancy. In 1773 he was appointed keeper of the public
library of Geneva. He wrote numerous and various
works, among which are " Essay on the Art of Observing
and Making Experiments," (2 vols., 1775,) a "Literary
History of Geneva," (3 vols., 1786,) and "Vegetable
Physiology," (5 vols., 1800.) Died in 1809.

Sen'e-ca, [Fr. SENKQUE,*sa'nek',] (Lucius ANN/BUS,)
an eminent Roman Stoic, philosopher, and moralist, born
at Corduba, in Spain, about 5 B.C. He was educated in
Rome, whither he was brought by his parents in his child-
hood. Having studied rhetoric, philosophy, and law, he
gained distinction as a pleader. Accused by Messalina
of improper intimacy with Julia, a niece of Claudius, he
was banished to Corsica in 41 A.D. During his exile he
composed his " Consolatio ad Helviam." (Helvia was
the name of his mother.) Through the influence of
Agrippina, he obtained permission to return to Rome in
49 A.D., was raised to the pr*torship, and appointed
tutor to L. Domitius, (commonly known as Nero,) who
became emperor in 54 A.D. According to Tacitus, Sen
eca endeavoured to reform or restrain the evil propensi-
ties of his pupil. Some writers, however, censure his
conduct in this connection, by arguments which derive
plausibility from the immense wealth which Seneca
amassed. About the year 56 he wrote a treatise on
clemency, addressed to Nero, " De Clementist, ad Nero-
nem." Seneca consented to the death of Nero's mother,
Agrippina, who was killed by order of her son in 60 A.D.,
and wrote the letter which Nero addressed to the senate
in his justification. He was afterwards supplanted in
the favour of Nero by Tigellinus and Rufus, who sought
to ruin Seneca by exciting the suspicion of the tyrant
against him. He was accused of being an accomplice
of Piso, (who had conspired against the emperor,) and
was ordered to put himself to death. Having opened
his veins, he died in a warm bath in 65 A.D. He was
an uncle of the poet Lucan.

Seneca was an eloquent and popular writer. His styn
is aphoristic, antithetical, and somewhat inflated. Among
his numerous works are a treatise "On Anger," (" De
Ira,") "A Book on Providence," ("De Providentia
Liber,") "On Tranquillity of Mind," ("De Animi Tran-
quillitate,") "On the Brevity of Life," ("De Brevitate
Vitae,") essays on natural science, entitled " Qusestiones
Naturales," and numerous epistles, " Epistolae ad Lu-
cilium," which are a collection of moral maxims. We
have also ten tragedies in verse which are attributed to
Seneca, and which, though not adapted to the stage,
have considerable literary merit

There has been great diversity of opinion respecting
the character and writings of Seneca. He has been
quoted as an authority by councils and fathers of the
Church. He was highly extolled as a writer by Mon-
taigne. Quintilian observes that his writings " abound
in charming defects," (dulcibusvitiis.) Macaulay is among
those who take the least favourable view of the character
and influence of the great Stoic. He says, " It is very
reluctantly that Seneca can be brought to confess that
any philosopher had ever paid the smallest attention
to anything that could possibly promote what vulgar
people would consider as the well-being of mankind.
. . . The business of a philosopher was to declaim in
praise of poverty, with two millions sterling out at
usury ; to medi'.ate epigrammatic conceits about the
evils of luxury, in gardens which moved the envy of sove-
reigns ; to rant about liberty, while fawning on the
insolent and pampered freedmen of a tyrant." ("Essay
on Lord Bacon.")

See ROSMINI, "Vita di Seneca," 1793; JUSTUS LJPSIUS, "Vita
L A. Senecz," 1607; KLOTZSCH, "Seneca," 2 vols., 1799-1803;
RKINHARDT, " De Seneca Vita et Scriptis." 1817; VERNIER, " Vie
de Sineque," 1812; AM. FUEURY, " Seneque et Saint-Paul," j

Chaucer usually has SHVEK, with the accent on the last syllable ;
ometimes, though rarely, SBNBC.

a, e, i, o, u, y, /0f/ i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 5, u, y, short; a, e, \, p, obscure; fir, fill, fat; met; not: good; moon-




rols., 1853; P. EKERMAN, "Vita et Dogmata L. A. Seneca;," 1742:
RITTHR, " History of Philosophy ;" HIRSCHIG, " Dood eu Gedach
tenis van Seneca," 1831; DENIS DIDEROT, " Essai sur la Vie de
Se'neque," 1779; F. SALVADORI, "II Filosofo cortigiano, o sia
il Seneca," 1674; TACITUS, "Annales;" "Nouvelle Biographic

Seneca, (MARCUS ANN./EUS,) a Latin rhetorician,
born at Corduba (Cordova) about 61 B.C., was the father
of the preceding, and the grandfather of Lucan. He
wrote " Book of Persuasives," (" Suasoriarum Liber,")
and "Ten Books of Controversies," (" Controversia-
rum Libri decera,") which are extant, but have little

Seneoai or Seuece, de, deh si'neh-sa' or sln'sl',
(ANTOINE BAUDERON,) a French poet, born at Macon
in 1643. He wrote "Kaimac; Les Travaux d'Apollon,"
and other works. Died in 1737.

Senecio, se-nee'she-o, (HERENNIUS,) a native of
Spain, was put to death by order of Domitian. The
charges against him were that he was a candidate for
no public office, and that he had written the life of Hel-
vidius Priscus.

Senefelder, sa'neh-fSld'er, (ALOIS,) the inventor of
lithography, was born at Prague in 1771. He became a
play-actor in his youth, but did not succeed in that pur-
suit. He also wrote several dramas. Being poor, he
meditated various new modes of printing his works
cheaply, and tried experiments in etching, and writing
backwards on calcareous stone. One day it was neces-
sary to make a memorandum in haste, but he had no
white paper : so he wrote it on a smooth stone with a
peculiar ink. It afterwards occurred to him to apply
diluted nitric acid, which etched away the stone where
there had been no ink, the part on which the ink had
been placed being protected from the action of the acid,
so that the letters were left in relief. He invented about
1798 the process of lithography which is now generally
used, and was appointed director of the royal lithographic
office at Munich in 1809. He published a " History of
Lithography," (1819.) Died in 1834.

Senek. See SENECA.

Senior, seen'ygr, (NASSAU WILLIAM,) an English
lawyer, born in Berkshire in 1790, became in 1826 pro-
fessor of political economy at Oxford. He published
"On Foreign Poor-Laws and Labourers," (1840,) a
"Treatise on Political Economy," (1850,) and other
works. Died in 1864.

Senk'enberg, von, (JOHANN CHRISTIAN,) was
born at Frankfort-on-the-Main in 1717. He founded
in that city a hospital, with a library, botanical garden,
anatomical theatre, etc. Died in 1772. The Senk-
enberg Museum of Natural History was established
in his honour in 1817.

Senn, (NICHOLAS,) a surgeon, born in Switzer-
land in 1844. He became professor of surgery in
Chicago in 1 884, and was chief surgeon of the operating
staff at Santiago de Cuba in the Spanish- American war.
He wrote several important works on surgery.

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 299 of 425)