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been "the cause of fourfold more harm than good to Dendermonde, May 30, 1834. He ranks among the first

Christendom since the apostles' days." In consequence in the new school of Flemish authors. Several of his

of the expression of these and similar views, he was se- 1 nublished works are translations r rom the German.

a, e, i, 5, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mSt; not; good; moon;



HIEMPSAL



1285



HIGGINSON



Hi-emp'sal, a Numidian prince, a son of Micipsa,
was murdered by Jugurtha, according to Sallust.

Hien-Pung, he-Jn' fung, Emperor of China, born
about 1830, was a younger son of Taoo-Kooang. He
ascended the throne in 1850, and appointed ministers
who wished to maintain an exclusive policy towards
foreigners. In the same year began a great insurrection,
raised and directed by Tien-Te or Tai-Ping-Wang. The
insurgents were generally victorious, and captured Nan-
kin in 1853. (See TAl-PiNG-WANG.) A war broke out
between the Chinese and the British, who entered Pekin
in triumph in 1860. Died in 1861.

Hiero. See HIERON.

Hi-6r'o-cle, [Gr. 'lepox).?/;,] an eminent Platonic phi-
losopher, who was the head of a flourishing school in
Alexandria in the fifth century. He is the author of
a " Commentary on the Golden Verses of Pythagoras,"
which has been preserved entire, and of a "Treatise on
Providence (or Foreknowledge) and Fate," of which
some fragments remain. The former is written in Greek,
and is admired for the beauty of the thoughts and of
the style.

See ANDRit DACIER, " Vie de HieVocles," 1706.

Hierocles, the author of a work on veterinary medi-
cine, addressed to Cassianus Bassus, lived in the third
or fourth century of our era.

Hierocles, a grammarian, who is supposed to have
lived in the sixth century, wrote, in Greek, a " Hand-
Book for Travellers, "(2wenfai[u>f,) which contains descrip-
tions of the towns and provinces of the Eastern empire.

There was also a Stoic philosopher named HIEROCLES,
of whom we have little information. He is supposed to
have lived in the second century. Another HIEROCLES
compiled or wrote a collection of anecdotes and ridicu-
lous sayings of pedants, students, etc., with the Latin
title of " Facetiae Hieroclis."

Hierocles OP ALABANDA, a Greek rhetorician, lived
about 100 B.C. He composed orations in the style which
Cicero calls the "Asiatic."

Hierocles OF BITHYNIA was the principal author of
the persecution of the Christians in the reign of Diocle-
tian, (about 300 A.D.) He wrote two books against
Christianity, entitled " Sincere Discourses to the Chris-
tians," (\6yot <pdafci$tf t ) in which he maintains that
the Scripture is full of contradictions. He was prefect
of Bithynia and of Alexandria.

Hi'e-rou or Hi'e-ro [Gr. 'Upuv] L, King of Syra-
cuse, succeeded his brother Gelon in 478 B.C. The first
part of his reign was tyrannical. He expelled the citi-
zens of Naxos and Catana, and colonized those towns
with his own subjects. He is applauded for his pa-
tronage of literature and his appreciation of genius. His
court was the resort of the most eminent poets and sages
of his time, among whom were Pindar, ^schylus, Si-
monides, and Epicharmus. Pindar wrote several odes
on the occasion of Hieron's victories at the Olympic
games, and Simonides enjoyed his friendship and bounty.
Died in 467 B.C.

See XENOPHON, " Hieron."

Hieron (or Hiero) U., King of Syracuse, was the son
of Hierocles, a private citizen. Having served in the
army of Pyrrhus, who left Sicily in a state of anarchy,
Hieron was chosen general by the soldiers in 275 B.C.,
and recognised as king about 270. At the beginning of
the first Punic war he took side with the Carthaginians,
and was defeated by the Romans about 264 B.C. He then
made peace with the victors by the payment of tribute,
and was ever after a faithful ally of Rome. Under his
wise rule the kingdom for many years enjoyed peace
and prosperity. Died in 216 B.C. Archimedes lived in
Syracuse in this reign, and exercised his mechanical
genius in constructing machines and ships of great size.

See Livv, " History of Rome," books xxi.-xjciv. ; DJOOORUS
SICULUS, books xjtii.-xxvi. ; DROYSBN, " Hellenismus," vol. iL

ETJ'e-ron, (SAMUEL,) an English Puritan, born at
Epping in 1572, was rector of Modbury, and published
sermons and other works on theology. Died in 1617.

Hieronyme. See HIERONYMUS.

Hi-e-ron'jf-nius, [Gr. 'lepuw/jot; Fr. HIERONYME,
e'a'ro'nem',] King of Syracuse, was the grandson of
Hieron II., whom he succeeded in 216 B.C., at the age



of fifteen. He broke the alliance with the Romans, who
had recently been defeated at Cannae, and formed a
league with the Carthaginians. He was on the point of
taking an active part in the war, when he was killed by
his own subjects about a year after his accession. He
left no issue ; and the Syracusans thenceforth dispensed
with royalty.

Hieronymus was the Latin name of Saint Jerome,
one of the Fathers of the Church.

Hieronymus OF CARDIA, [Fr. HIERONYME, e'a'ro'-
nem', (or JEROME, zha'rom',) DE CARDIE, den ktR'de',]
a Greek historian, who flourished about 300 B.C. He
entered the service of Eumenes, who employed him on
a mission to Antipater in 320. He was afterwards an
adherent of Demetrius, who appointed him Governor of
Boeotia in 292 B.C. He wrote historical memoirs of the
successors of Alexander the Great, a work which is often
cited by the ancients, but has not come down to us.

Hieronymus OF RHODES, a Greek philosopher, and
disciple of Aristotle, lived about 300 B.C.

HIT fer-nan, (PAUL,) bom in the county of Dublin,
Ireland, in 1719, lived many years in London as a lite-
rary hack, and wrote several mediocre dramas, etc. His
habits were eccentric. Died in 1777.

Hig'bee, (ELNATHAN ELISHA,) D.D., an American
educator, born in Saint George, Vermont, March 27,
1830. He graduated at the University of Vermont in
1849. Having entered the ministry of the German Re-
formed Church, he was in 1864 appointed professor in
the theological seminary at Mercersburg, Pennsylvania.
In 1871 he was made president of Mercersburg College,
and in 1881 superintendent of public instruction for
Pennsylvania. Died December 13, 1889.

Hig'dqn, (RANULPH or RALPH.) an English monk,
connected with a Benedictine monastery at Chester
wrote " Polychronicon," a Latin chronicle. He died, at
a great age, about 1370.

Hig'gins, (GODFREY,) an English antiquary, born in
Yorkshire in 1771, wrote " The Celtic Druids," and other
works. Died in 1833.

Higgins, (MATTHEW JAMES,) an English journalist,
born about 1810, wrote under the assumed name of
JACOB OMNIUM. He contributed many articles to the
London " Times," the " Pall Mall Gazette," and other
journals. His writings were mostly devoted to the ex-
posure of abuses in the social and military systems of
England. Died in 1868.

Hig'giii-son, (FRANCIS,) a distinguished divine, born
in England in 1588. He was educated at Cambridge
University, and appointed rector of a church i Leices-
ter, in which position he laboured with great zeal and
success until removed for nonconformity. He came to
Massachusetts in 1629, and the next month was ordained
with Mr. Skelton, the first minister of Salem. Died in
1630. He was the author of "New England's Planta-
tion," (1630.)

Higginson, (FRANCIS JOHN,) an American ad-
miral, was born at Boston in 1843. He graduated at
the Naval Academy in 1861, served through the civil
war, was captain of the Massachusetts during the war
with Spain, and was promoted commodore August IO,
1898, and rear-admiral March 5, 1899.

Higginson, (JoHN,) born in England in 1616, ac-
companied his father Francis to Massachusetts in 1629.
He was minister of the church at Salem from 1660 until
his death in 1708, and published sermons and other
theological works. He was regarded as the most able
and eloquent American author of his time. Among
his works is his " Attestation to Cotton Mather's Mag-
nalia."

Higginson, (THOMAS WENTWORTH,) an American
writer, born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, December 22,
1823. He graduated at Harvard College in 1841, and
at the Cambridge Divinity School, and was minister of
Unitarian churches in Newburyport and Worcester, Mas-
sachusetts. He was a very active abolitionist. In 1856
he went to Kansas and served against the pro-slavery
forces, having the rank of a brigadier-general in the Free-
State troops. He served in the civil war, 1862-64, at-
taining the rank of colonel of coloured troops in South



e as*; <;ass; gAard; g as ;'; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; thasin//<. (JJcj^See Explanations, p. 23.)



HIGGONS



1286



HILDRETH



Carolina, and leaving the service only when disabled by
a wound. He afterwards gave his time chiefly to litera-
ture, and to educational and other reforms. Among his
principal works are "Out-Door Papers," (1863,) "Mai-
bone," a romance, (1869,) "Army Life in a Black Regi-
ment," (1870,) "Atlantic Essays," (1871,) "Oldport
Days," (1873,) " Young Folks' History of the United
States," (1875,) "Memoir of Margaret Fuller Ossoli,"
(1884,) "Larger History of the United States," (1884,)
"Hints on Writing and Speech-Making," (1887,)
"Concerning All of Us," (1892,) " Tales of the En-
chanted Islands," etc. He also edited Epictetus, etc.

Hig'gons, (Sir THOMAS,) was born in Shropshire,
England, in 1624. He married the notorious Countess
of Essex, (see CARR, ROBERT,) at whose funeral in 1656
he pronounced an oration, which was printed. He was
sent as ambassador to Vienna in 1673. Died in 1691.
His son, BEVIL, born in 1670, wrote, besides several
poems, a "Short View of English History," (1723.) He
was a zealous Jacobite, and went into exile with James
II. Died in France in 1735.

Hlgh'more, (JOSEPH,) an English portrait-painter,
born in London in 1692, was a pupil of Kneller. He
executed portraits of the Knights of the Bath, and was
employed by George I. to paint some members of the
royal family. In 1742 he painted the portraits of the
Prince and Princess of Wales. He wrote a treatise on
Perspective. Died in 1780.

Highmore, (NATHANIEL,) an eminent English phy-
sician, born at Fordingbridge in 1613, practised with
success at Sherborne. He wrote able treatises on anat-
omy. Died in 1684.

Hilaire. See GEOFFROY-SAINT-HILAIRE,

Hilaire. See HILARY.

Hi-la'rl-on, SAINT, a noted ascetic or hermit of Pales-
tine, and pioneer of monastic life, was born at Tabatha,
near Gaza, about 292 A.D. At an early age he went to
Alexandria as a student, and was converted to Chris-
tianity. Returning to Palestine, he retired from the
world, passed many years in the desert, and gained a
wide reputation by his austerities. Many monasteries
were founded by him or by the influence of his example.
Died about 372.

See SAINT JEROME, "Vita Hilarioni :" BAILLET, "Vies des
Saints."

Hilarins. See HILARY.

Hi-la'rl-us, surnamed DIAC/ONUS, a native of Sar-
dinia, lived about 350 A.D., and became a deacon of the
church in Rome. He was an adversary of Arianism.

Hil'a-ry. [Lat, HILA'RIUS; Fr. HILAIRE, e'laV,] a
native of Sardinia, was chosen Bishop or Pope of Rome in
461 A.D., as successor to Leo I. In 449 he had officiated
as legate at the Council of Ephesus, where he zealously
opposed the Eutychians. The events of his pontificate
were unimportant. It appears that he claimed the pre-
eminence of the see of Rome. He died in 467, and was
succeeded by Simplicius.

Hilary or Hilarius, [Fr. HILAIRE, e'ISR', | SAINT,
an orthodox theologian, was born at Poitiers, (Pictavi,)
in Gaul, of which place he became bishop about 350 A.D.
He took a prominent part in defence of Athanasius
against the Arians, for which he was banished to Phrygia
in 356. In 359, at the Council of Seleucia, he defended
the doctrine of the Trinity, and afterwards published a
violent invective against the Arian emperor Constantius,
whom he denounced as Antichrist. Having returned
to Italy and Gaul, he laboured zealously to purge the
churches of heresy. He wrote a "Treatise on Synods,"
a " Commentary on Saint Matthew," and a few other
works. Died in 367 A.D.

See CAVK, " Scriptores Ecclesiastic! :" TILLEMONT, " Memoires."

Hilary or Hilarius, SAINT, was born about 400
A.D., probably in Gaul or Belgium, lie became Bishop
of Aries in 429, and was highly esteemed for piety and
learning. His contest with Leo, Bishop of Rome, forms
an important epoch in the history of the Gallic Church.
Celidonius, a bishop, having been deposed by a council
at which Hilarius presided, appealed to Leo, who rein-
stated him, and, supported by an edict of the emperor
Valentinian III., deprived Hilarius of his bishopric
because the latter refused to own the supremacy of



Rome. This was one of the first efforts made to build
up the papal power. Died in 449. His "Eulogy on
Honoratus" is much admired.

See BELLARMIN, "De Scriptoribus Ecclesiasticis ;" TILLEMOXT,
"Memoires;" "Gallia Christiana."

Hn'da, SAINT, a grand-niece of Edwin, King of North-
umbria, was converted to Christianity in her childhood,
became abbess of the convent of Heorthen (afterwards
Whitby) about 660, and died in 680 A.D.

HlKde-baia, [Lat HILDEBAL'DUS,] King of the
Ostrogoths in Lombardy. After Belisarius had con
quered the Ostrogoths, they proclaimed Hildebald their
king at Pavia in 540 A.D. The next year he gained a
victory over the Romans, soon after which he was assas-
sinated by one of his guards.

See JORNANDES, "De Regnorum Successione ;" GIBBON, "His-
tory of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire."

Hn'de-bert, [Lat. HILDEBER'TUS,] a French prelate
and poet, born at Lavardin in 1057, became Archbishop
of Tours in 1125. He was eminent for his piety and
learning, and was one of the best writers of his time.
His works are written in Latin, and consist of epistles,
sermons, and poems. Died in 1134.

See " Gallia Christiana ;" "Vita Hildeberti," prefixed to hit Works,
published by BKAUGBNDRB in 1708.

Hildebertua. See HILDEBERT.

Hildebrand. See GREGORY VII.

Hildebrand, hil'de-brand, (BROR EMIL,) a Swedish
antiquarian and numismatologist, born at Flerahopp,
February 22, 1806. He was educated at Lund, and pub-
lished several standard treatises. Died at Stockholm,
August 30, 1884.

Hildebrand, (HANS OLOP HILDKBRAND,) a son of
Bror Emil Hildebrand, was born at Stockholm, April 5,
1842. Among his many works are a " History of Sweden"
and " Sweden in the Middle Ages." Died in 1890.

Hildebrandt, hll'deh-bRant', (EDUARD,) a German
painter, born at Dantzic in 1817, studied in Berlin and
Paris, and travelled in almost all parts of the world. He
painted a vast number of pictures, of which the best are
often remarkable for their masterly display of coloration.
Died at Berlin, October 2S, 1868.

Hildebrandt, hil'dgh-bRint', (FERDINAND THEO-
DOR,) a German historical painter, and one of the most
eminent masters of the Dusseldorf school, was born at
Stettin in 1804. He studied under W. Schadow at Ber-
lin, and settled at Dusseldorf. Among his works are
"King Lear and Cordelia," (1826,) "Tancred and Clo-
rinda," (1828,) and "Othello relating his Adventures
to Desdemona," (1848.) Died September 29, 1874.

Hildebrandt, (GEORG FRIEDRICH,) a German phy-
sician and naturalist, born at Hanover in 1764, wrote,
besides other works, a "Manual of Human Anatomy,"
(4vols., 1789-92.) Died in 1816.

HD'de-gard' or Hildegarde, SAINT, a German nun,
born in 1098, became abbess of Saint Rupert's Mount,
near Bingen, on the Rhine. Died in 1180.

See J. C. DAHL, "Die heilige Hildegardis; historische Abhand-
lung," 1832.

Hildenbrand, von, fon Ml'den-bRant', (VALENTIN
JOHANN,) a German medical writer, born in Vienna in
1763 ; died in 1818.

HU'ders-ham, (ARTHUR,) an English Puritan divine,
born in Cambridgeshire in 1563. He held the living of
Ashby-de-la-Zouch from 1593 until his death. He was
a grand-nephew of Cardinal Pole, and was related to
the royal family. He wrote various theological works,
and was esteemed a shining light among the Puritans.
Died in 1631.

Hn'del-ley, (MARK,) an English theologian, born in
Kent in 1698. He became Bishop of Sodor and Man
in 1755, and caused the Bible to be translated into the
Manx language. Died in 1772.

See WEEDON BUTLER, " Memoirs of M. Hildesley." 1799.

HQ'dreth, (RICHARD,) an American journalist and
historian, was born in Deerlield, Massachusetts, June
28, 1807. He graduated at Harvard in 1826, and, while
studying law, contributed numerous articles to magazines.
Admitted to the bar in Boston in 1830, he abandoned
the legal profession at the expiration of two years, to
accept the position of associate editor of the " Boston



a, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, d, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; mil; not; good; moon:



HILDRETH



1287



HILL



Atlaa," which soon became one of the ablest Whig jour-
nals in New England His health having failed, he spent
the year 1835 in Florida, and while there wrote "Archy
Moore," an anti-slavery novel. It was republished and
favourably reviewed in England, and an enlarged edition,
under the title of "The White Slave," was issued in the
United States in 1852. In 1837 he furnished to the
columns of the "Atlas" a series of articles which con-
tributed powerfully towards defeating schemes then on
foot for the annexation of Texas. He took a conspicuous
part in the Presidential canvass which resulted in the
nomination and election of General Harrison. He also
gave to the public during this period his " Despotism
in America," an able review of the social, political, and
economical aspects of slavery in the United States, to
which he added in 1854 a chapter on the " Legal Basis of
Slavery." His health having again failed, he embarked
in 1840 for British Guiana, and, during a residence of
three years at Georgetown, the capital, wrote his " Theory
of Morals," published in 1844, and "Theory of Politics,
or an Inquiry into the Foundation of Governments and
the Causes and Progress of Political Revolutions," issued
in 1853. Mr. Hildreth is best known, however, by his
" History of the United States of America," from the
discovery of the continent to the close of the Sixteenth
Congress in 1820, (6 vols. 8vo, 1849-52.) It was pro-
jected while the author was a student at Harvard. The
work has been variously criticised ; ">ut all agree in
classing it among the standard histories of our country.
Died at Florence in July, 1865.

See DUYCKINCK, "Cyclopaedia of American Literature," vol. ii. ;
CLEVELAND, "Compendium of American Literature."

Hildreth, (SAMUEL PRESCOTT,) M.D., an American
physician, born in Massachusetts in 1783. He settled
in Ohio in 1806. His principal works are a " Pioneer
History of the Ohio Valley," (1848,) and " Biographical
and Historical Memoirs of the Early Settlers of Ohio,"
(1852.) Died at Marietta, Ohio, in 1863.

Hilferding, hil'feR-ding', (ALEXANDER FEODORO-
VITCH,) a Russian author, of German descent, born at
Moscow in 1831. Among his numerous works are a
" History of the Serbs and Bulgarians," " History of
the Baltic Slavs," and " Travels in Bosnia, Herzegovina,
and Old Servia." He also wrote much on Slavic phi-
lology. Died July 2, 1872.

HU'gard, (EUGENE WOLDEMAR,) Ph.D., a German-
American scientist, a brother of J. E. Hilgard, was born
at Zweibriicken, January 5, 1833. In 1835 he went with his
father to Belleville, Illinois. He was educated at Freiberg,
Zurich, and Heidelberg, where he graduated in 1853,
was State geologist of Mississippi, 1857-73, professor
of chemistry in the University of Mississippi, 1866-73,
professor of geology in the University of Michigan,
1873-75, and in 1875 became professor of agriculture in
the University of California. He has published many
valuable reports and scienti6c papers.

Hilgard, (Junus ERASMUS,) a distinguished scientist,
born at Zweibriicken, in Germany, January 7, 1825. He
removed to the United States with his parents in 1835.
In 1845 ne entered the coast survey, of which in 1881 he
was appointed superintendent. Died May 8, 1891.

Hilgenfeld, hil'cen-fSlt', (ADOLF BERNHARD CHRIS-
TOPH CHRISTIAN,) a German Biblical critic of the "Tu-
bingen school," was born at Stappenbeck, June 2. 1823.
He became a professor of theology at Jena. He has
written much on New Testament criticism and the Greek
Apocryphal writings, has edited a " Novum Testamentum
extra Canonem Receptum," and published a " History
of the Heresies of Early Christianity," (1884.) He ranks
as a conservative of the rationalistic school.

Hill, (AARON,) an English writer, born in London in
1685. About the age of sixteen he went to Constanti-
nople, and by the aid of his kinsman, Lord Paget, visited
several countries of the East. In 1709 he published a
" History of the Ottoman Empire." Soon after he became
manager of Drury Lane Theatre, and wrote " Elfrida,"
a tragedy, which was followed by several other dramas.
The most successful of these are "Alzira" and "Zara,"
adapted from Voltaire. He wrote a satire on Pope, who
had noticed him in the "Dunciad" in terms which some
think rather complimentary. Died in 1750.



Hill, (ALFRED JAMES,) archaeologist, was born at
London in 1833. He removed to America, where he
entered upon an extensive survey of the archaeology
of the Northwest, platting nearly twelve thousand
Indian mounds north of the Ohio and west of the
Great Lakes. He died in 1895, leaving the manu-
script of several extensive works uncompleted.

Hill, (AMBROSE POWELL,) an American general,
born in Culpeper county, Virginia, about 1825,
graduated at West Point in 1847. He joined the
Confederate army in 1861, became a major-general in
1862, and in 1863 was promoted lieutenant-general.
He commanded a corps at Gettysburg and in the later
Virginia campaigns, and was killed in battle neat
Petersburg, April 2, 1865.

Hill, (BENJAMIN HARVEY,) an American Senator,
born in Jasper county, Georgia, September 14, 1823.
He graduated at the Georgia University in 1844, became
a lawyer, was a Confederate Senator, 1861-65, and was
elected to the United States Senate in 1873 and l8 77-
He was an able and eloquent speaker and a brilliant
lawyer. Died August 16, 1882.

Trill, (DANIEL H.,) an American general, born in South
Carolina in 1821, graduated at West Point in 1842, and
served in the Mexican war. He commanded a Con-
federate division at the battles of Mechanicsville and
Malvern Hill, July I, 1862, and South Mountain, Sep-
tember, 1862. He served as lieutenant-general under
General Bragg in 1863, and commanded at Augusta,
Georgia, in :865- Died September 24, 1889.

Hill, (DAVID BENNETT,) an American Senator,
was born at Havana, New York, in 1844. He was
admitted to the bar in 1864, was in the New York
Assembly 1869-71, mayor of Elmira 1882, lieutenant-
governor of New York 1882-85, ano ^ governor 1885-
91. He was in the United States Senate 1891-97,
and was advocated as the Democratic candidate for
President in 1892, but failed of nomination.

Hill, (DAVID J.,) LL.D., an American educator,
born at Plainfield, New Jersey, June 10, 1850. He
graduated at the university at Lewisburg, Pennsyl-
vania, in 1874, was professor of rhetoric there 1877-
79, and president 1879-88. He was president of the
University of Rochester 1888-96. His principal
works are " Science of Rhetoric," (1877,) " Elements
of Rhetoric," (1878,) "Life of Bryant," (1879,)
"Life of Irving," (1879,) "Genetic Philosophy,"
" International Justice," " A Primer of Finance," etc.

Hill, (DAVID OCTAVIUS,) a Scottish landscape-
painter, born at Perth in 1802, and for many years
secretary to the Royal Scottish Academy. Died in
1870.

Hill, (GEORGE,) D.D., a Scottish divine, born at
Saint Andrew's in 1750. He was principal of Saint
Mary's College, in his native town, and succeeded
Dr. Robertson as leader of the General Assembly.
He published, besides other works, "Lectures on
Divinity." Died in 1819.

Hill, (GEORGE,) an American poet, born at Guil-
ford, near New Haven, Connecticut, in 1796. Among
his principal poems are "The Ruins of Athens" and
"Titania." Died in New York, December 15, 1871.

Hill, (HEADON,) nom-de-flume of F. Grainger, an
English novelist, born in Suffolk in 1857. Since 1890
he has published numerous novels, including "The
Rajah's Second Wife," (1894,) " The Zone of Fire,"
(.1897,) "Spectre Gold," (1898,) etc.

TTill, (ISAAC,) a journalist, born in Ashburnham, Mas-
sachusetts, in 1788. He was for many years editor of
the " New Hampshire Patriot," a Democratic journal,
was elected a United States Senator for New Hampshire


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 3 of 425)