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Sidney, (HENRY,) Earl of Romney, an English Whig,
was a son of the Earl of I^ictster, and a younger brothei
of Algernon Sidney. He was an efficient promoter o(
the revolution of 1688, and enjoyed the confidence of
William III., who gave him the title of Earl of Romney,
He was secretary of state in 1690-92. " Sidney," says
Macaulay, "with a sweet temper and winning manners,
seemed to be deficient in capacity and knowledge, and
to be sunk in voluptuousness ana indolence. His face
and form were eminently handsome." The same writer
adds that he had a rare political tact, and "the conse-
quence was that he did what Mordaunt, with all his
vivacity and invention, or Burnet, with all his multi-
farious knowledge and fluid elocution, never could have
done." ("History of England.") Died in 1700.

Sidney, (MARY,) Countess of Pembroke, "Sidneys
sister, Pembroke's mother," an accomplished lady, and
sister of Sir Philip Sidney, was married to Henry, Eail
of Pembroke, in 1576. She wrote "An Elepy on Sir
Philip Sidney," and a " Pastoral Dialogue in Praise of
Astraea," (Queen Elizabeth.) She translated many psalms
from the Hebrew into English verse, and several work*
from the French. Died in 1621. Ben Jonson wrote for
her a well-known epitaph.

See " Memoirs of Eminent Englishwomen," by LOUISA S. Coi-
TELLO. London, 1844.

Sidney, (Sir PHILIP,) an English gentleman, soldier,
and author, possessed of rare accomplishments, born
at Penshurst, in Kent, on the zgth of November, 1554,
was a son of Sir Henry Sidney, and a nephew of the
famous Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester. His mother
was Mary Dudley, a daughter of the Duke of North-
umberland. He entered Christ Church, Oxford, in 1568
or 1569, and commenced a tour on the continent in 1572.
He was in Paris during the Massacre of Saint Bartholo-
mew, and afterwards visited Germany and Italy. During
this tour he formed a friendship with Hubert Languet,
who was afterwards a regular correspondent of Sidney.
He returned to England in 1575, and became a lover of

This charge, if admitted, does not necessarily convict him of any
infidelity lo his principles.



a, e, i, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, \, 5, u, y, short; a, ?, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; mSt; nfit; good; moo::;



SIDONIUS



SI EVE KING



Penelope, a daughter of the Ear! of Essex; but she was
compelled to marry another. She was the "Stella" of
his amatory poems. Sir Philip gained the favour and
confidence of Queen Elizabeth, and in 1577 was sent to
Vienna on a diplomatic mission, ostensibly to condole
with the emperor on the death of his father, but with
instructions to promote union among the Protestant
princes. His first literary production was " The Lady
of the May," a masque, performed in 1578. He had
the courage to address to the queen a letter of remon-
strance against her proposed marriage with the Duke
of Anjou about 1580. He retired, or was exiled, from
court for a time, and resided at Wilton with his sister
Mary, Countess of Pembroke, and there composed his
"Arcadia," a pastoral romance of much celebrity, pub-
lished in 1590. In 1583 he was knighted, and married
Frances, a daughter of Sir Francis Walsingham, secre-
tary of state. According to some writers, the crown of
Poland was offered to him, but he declined it. He was
about to accompany Sir Francis Drake in his expedition
against the Spaniards, when the queen interposed, and
sent him, in 1585, as Governor of Flushing, to the scat
of war between the Dutch and the King of Spain. The
troops under his command took Axel, and again encoun-
tered the enemy at Zutphen, where he was mortally
wounded, in September, 1586. After he was wounded
he called for some drink, which was brought, but, before
he had tasted it, gave the bottle to a wounded soldier,
saying, "Thy necessity is greater than mine." lie died
at Arnhem in October, 1586. He left one child, Eliza-
beth, Countess of Rutland. Among his principal works
is "The Defence of Poesic," (1595.) an admirable pro-
duction, displaying great erudition and taste. "The
first good prose writer," says llallam, "in any positive
sense of the word, is Sir Philip Sidney. . . . The 'Ar-
cadia' displayed a superior mind rather complying with
a temporary taste than affected by it. ... I think it, never-
theless, on the whole, inferior, in sense, style, and spirit,
to the 'Defence of Poesie.'" ("Introduction to the
Literature of Europe.") "The highest testimony to his
merits," says the " Encyclopaedia Britannica," " was his
having won the esteem and affection of William, Prince
of Orange, probably the most wise and politic chief of
his time. He enjoined it to be told to the queen that,
if he were a judge, she had in Philip Sidney one of
the; ripest and greatest councillors of state in that day
in Europe."

See F. GREVIILE. (LORD BROOKE,) " Life of Sir Philip Sidney."
1652; THOMAS Zoucn, "Memoirs of the Life of Sir Philip Sid-
ney," iSoS; H. K. F. BOURNE, "Memoir of Sir Philip Sidney,"
1862; " Retrnspective Review," vol. ii., 1820: "British Quarterly
Review" for February, 1847, and January, 1863 ; ALUBONB, " Dic-
tionary of Authors."

Sidonius. See APOLLINARIS SIDONIUS.

Siebenkees, see'ben-kas' or zee'ben-kas', (JoHANN
PHILIPP,) a German antiquary and Hellenist, born
at Nuremberg in 1759. He published, besides other
works, a "History of the State Inquisition at Venice,"
(1791,) and a good edition of Strabo. Died at Altdorf
in 1796.

See KOENIC, " Memoria J. P. Siebenkees," 1796.

Siebold, von, fon see'bolt or zee'bolt, (ADAM ELIAS,)
the fourth son of Karl Kaspar, noticed below, was born
at Wurzburg in 1775. He became professor of medicine
In his native city, and subsequently at Berlin. He pub-
lished a " Manual for the Knowledge and Cure of the
Diseases of Women," (181 1.) Died in 1828.

Siebold, von, (EDUARD KASPAR JAKOB,) a German
physician, a son of the following, was born at Wurzburg
in 1801. He became in 1833 professor of medicine and
surgery at Gbttingen. He published several works on
obstetrics. Died in 1861.

Siebold, von, (KARL KASPAR,) a German surgeon,
born in the duchy of Julich in 1736, became professor
of anatomy, surgery, and obstetrics at Wurzburg, and
was ennobled in 1801. Died in 1807. His sons JOHANN
GEORG CHRISTOPH, JOIIANN THEODOR DAMIAN, and
JOHANN BARTHEL were likewise distinguished physi-
cians and surgeons.

Siebold, von, (KARL THEODOR ERNST,) a German
physiologist, a son of Adam Elias, noticed above, was
born at Wurzburg in 1804. lie became successively



professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at Er-
langen, Freiburg, and Munich. He wrote, among other
works, a "Manual of the Comparative Anatomy of the
Invertebrate Animals," (1848,) which has been translated
into English and French. Died in 1885.

Siebold, von, (PHILIPP FRANZ,) a celebrated German
naturalist, a grandson of Karl Kaspar, noticed above,
was born at Wurzburg in 1796. lie accompanied the
Dutch embassy to Japan as physician and naturalist in
1823, and spent about seven years in scientific researches
in that country. He published after his return a num-
ber of valuable works, among which we may name
" Epitome of the Japanese Language," (1824,) " Flora Ja.
ponica,"(i835,) " Catalogue of Japanese Books," (1845,)
"Atlas of Land and Marine Charts of the Japanese
Empire," also "Fauna Japonica," (1833.) in which he
was assisted by Temminck and other savans and "Ar-
chives towards the Description of Japan." Died at
Munich, October 18, 1866.

Siegen, von, fon see'gen, (Luowic,) a celebrated
artist, of German extraction, born at Utrecht in 1609,
was the inventor of mezzotint engraving. His first
production in the new art was a portrait of Amelia
Elizabeth, mother of the Landgrave of Hesse, which he
executed about 1640. Siegen subsequently imparted
his discovery to Prince Rupert, who introduced it into
England, and who has been generally regarded as the
inventor of mezzotinto. Among Siegen's other engrav-
ings may be named a " Holy Family," after Annibal
Carracci, and a portrait of Ferdinand III. of Austria,
Died about 1680.

See EVELYN, " Sculptura, or History of Chalcography ;" NAGLSR..
" AUgemeines Kiinsller-Lexilton."

Siegeubeek, see'gen-bak' or see'Hen-bak', (MAT-
THIJS,) a Dutch writer and divine, born at Amsterdam
in 1774, was preacher to the Mennonite congregation at
Leyden, and became in 1797 professor of eloquence in
the university of that city. He was the author of a
" Dictionary for Dutch Orthography," (" Woordenboek
voor de Nederduitsche Spelling,") and other works.
Died about 1850.

Siegert, sce'cert, (KARL AUGUST,) a German genre
painter, born at Neuwied, May 5, 1820. He was one of
the best of the Dusseldorf professors. Died 1883.

Siegfried, seeg'freed, [Ger. pron. zeeo'fReet.l [from
sifgen, to "conquer," and frififf, "peace." In the
Norse legends the name is usually written SiGURD,
(which see,)] the name of a legendary or semi-fabulous
personage who occupies a conspicuous place in many
of the ancient tales of the Teutonic nations. He is
especially distinguished as the hero of the famous
German epic known as the " Niebelungen -Lied,"
(nee'beh-loong'en leet.) or the " Lay of the Niebe-
lungen." For an account of this poem, and the ex-
ploits of Siegfried, the reader is referred to Carlyle's
"Miscellanies" and Longfellow's "Poets and Poetry
of Europe," pp. 217-227.

Siemens, see'mens, (Sir CHARLES WILLIAM,) an
eminent inventor, born at Lenthe, in Hanover, Ger-
many, April 4, 1823. He studied at Gottingen, and
became a mechanical engineer, and settled in England
in 1844. With his brother, ERNST WERNER, (b. 1816,
d. 1892,) he invented an improved steam governor,
an air-pump, a process of anastatic printing, a water-
meter, a regenerative steam-engine, a famous regenera-
tive gas-furnace, etc., and he was one of the inventors
of the Siemens-Martin process for open-hearth steel.
He also made great improvements in dynamo-electric
machines, and in various other machines for utilizing
electricity. With his brother, he built the Indo-European
telegraph in 1868-69. He designed the famous cable-
ship Faraday. He was also eminent as a physicist.
Died November 18, 1883.

Siena, da. See MATTEO.

Sienkiewicz, (HENRIK,) a Polish novelist, born
in 1846. Among his works, some of which have been
very popular, are "The Deluge," "With Fire and
Sword," "Quo Vadis," etc.

Sienna, SIMON OF. See MARTINF, m.

Sieveking, see'veh-king' or zee'veh-king', (AMALIR
WILHELMINE,) born at Hamburg in 1794, was celebrated



born at Wurzburg in 1804. He became successively WIL NEJ i>

as *; c as s; g hard; g as/; c, H, K. Cultural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as s; th as in this. (D^=See Explanations, p.



SI EVE KING



2196



SIGNORELLI



for her philanthropy, and founded several charitable
institutions for the poor in Hamburg and other cities.
Died in 1859.

See the " Life of Amelia SieveWng," translated from the German,
London, 1863.

Sieveking, (KARL,) a German diplomatist, born at
Hamburg in 1787, was sent in 1819 as resident minister
to Saint Petersburg. Died in 1847.

Siey^B, se'Sss' or se'A'yeV, (EMMANUEL JOSEPH,)
COMTE, commonly called ABBE SIEVES, a French poli-
tician and publicist, born at Frejus in May, 1748. He
was educated in the seminary of Saint-Sulpice, in Paris,
and in 1780 went to Chartres, where he became canon,
vicar-general, and chancellor. He advocated the popular
cause in his famous pamphlet entitled " What is the
Third Estate f" (" Qu'est-ce que le Tiers-Etat ?" 1789,)
which placed him at the head of the publicists who
favoured the Revolution. Having been sent to the
States-General by the electors of Paris, he was the chief
promoter, of the union of the. orders, and one of the
most radical leaders of the Constituent Assembly. He
opposed, however, the abolition of tithes, and on that
question used the famous phrase, "They would be free,
and they do not know how to be just." He became in
1792 a member of the Convention, in which he pursued
a cautious and silent course ; but he voted for the death
of the- king. He was elected to the Council of Five
Hundred in 1795, was sent as ambassador to Berlin in

1798, and was chosen a member of the Directory in May,

1799. He formed a coalition with Bonaparte, promoted
the revolution of the l8th Brumaire, and was one of the
three consuls of the new regime. His power and in-
fluence ended about the end of 1799; and his plan of a
new constitution was not adopted. He held no office
under the empire, and he lived in exile from 1815 to
1830. Died in Paris in 1836.

See (ELSNER, " Des Opinions pnlitiques de Sieyis et de sa Vie."
iSoo; VON SEIDA, "Sieves und Napoleon," 1824; E. DB BEAU-
VKRGER. " Etude sur Sieyes," 1851 ; MIGNET, " Notices historiques;"
THIERS. " History ot the French Revolution;" LAMAKTINB, "Les
Constituants;" "Nouvelle Uiographie Ge'ne'rale."

Sif, seef, [probably allied to the Anglo-Saxon tifi,
"pure," "chaste," "inviolate,"] in the Norse mythology,
the wife of Thor, and the goddess of harvests.' She is
said to have a head of hair of pure gold, in allusion,
doubtless, to the golden fields of ripening grain. Her
connection with Thor, the great warrior-god of the
Northmen, may denote the dependence of the arts of
peace, and of agriculture in particular, on the protecting
arm of war.

See KEVSER, " Religion of the Northmen," translated by PEN-
NOCK, p. 131 ; THORPE, " Northern Mythology," vol. i.

Sigalon, se'gS'loN', (XAVIER,) a French painter of
mstory, born at UzJs about 1790, was a pupil of Gue'rin.
He worked in Paris for many years. In 1833 he went
to Rome, and painted for M. Thiers a copy of Michael
Angelo's " Last Judgment," for which he received eighty-
eight thousand francs. Died at Rome in 1837.

See CH. SAINT-MAURICE, " filoge de Xavier Sigalon," 1848;
CHARLES BLANC, " Histoire des Peiutra."

Sigaud-Lafond, se'go' IS'foN', (JOSEPH AICNAN,) a
French surgeon and natural philosopher, born at Hourges
in 1730 or 1740, wrote treatises on electricity, and pub-
lished a "Dictionary of Physics," (5 vols., 1780-82.) He
became a member of the Institute in 1796. Died in 1810.

See MECHIN-DESC.UINS, "Notice sur Sigaud-Lafond;" I. P
CHEVALIER, "Notice sur Sigaud-Lafond," 1841; QUBKARD, "La
France Litte'raire."

Sig'e-bert [Fr. pron. se'zhe'baiR'; Lat. SICEBER'-
TUs] I., King of Austrasia, born about 535 A.D., was a
son of Clotaire I., King of the Franks. He obtained in
561 the kingdom of Austrasia, which included Germany
and the northeast of Gaul. lie was involved in war
with his brother Chiiperic, whom he defeated. In 575
he was killed by assassins who were hired by Frede-
gunda, the wife of Chiiperic.

Sigebert II., King of Austrasia, born about 601 A.D.,
was a son of Thierry II. He was killed by order of
Clotaire II.

Sigebert III., born in 630 A.r>., was a son of Dagobert
I., at whose death, about 634, the kingdom was divided
between Sigebert and his brother Clo'vis. Died in 654.



Sig'e-bert OF GEMBLOURS, [Lat. SIGEBER'TUS GEM
BLACEN'SIS,] a learned monk and historian, born in Bra-
bant about 1030, wrote a "Chronicon" (or " History")
"of Germany from 381 to III2." Died in 1112.

Sigebertus. See SIGEBERT.

Sigel, see'gel, (FRANZ,) a general, born in Baden,
Germany, in 1824. He became minister of war of the
government formed by the revolutionists of Baden in
June, 1848. About 1850 he emigrated to the United
States, lie enlisted as a colonel in the Union army
early in 1861, defeated a superior force at Carthage,
Missouri, July 5, and was appointed a brigadier-general
in August of that year. He commanded a division at
Pea Ridge, March 6 and 7, 1862, and a corps under
General Pope in Virginia, July-September of that year.
He was defeated at New Market, May 15, 1864.

Sigismond. See SIGISMUND.

Sig'is-mQnd, [Fr. SIGISMOND, se'zhess'm6N',l writ-
ten also Sigmund, Emperor of Germany, born in
1368, was the son of the emperor Charles IV. Having
married, in 1386, Maria, daughter of Lewis, King of
Poland, he was crowned King of Hungary in 1387. In
1396 he was signally defeated by the Turks under
Bayazeed (Bajazet) at Nicopolis. He was elected Em-
peror of Germany in 1410, and crowned in 1414. In
consequence of his treachery in consenting to the mar-
tyrdom of John Huss after he had granted him a safe-
conduct, Sigismund was involved in a war with the
Bohemians, and was several times defeated by the
celebrated Ziska. The treaty of Iglau was concluded
between them in 1435. Died '" '437-

See ASCHBACH, "Geschichte Sigismunds," 4 vols., 1838-4^; KA-
TONA, " Historia Renjin Hungariorum ;" ENGEL, " Geschichte voo
Ungarn;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Sig'is-mund [Polish ZYGMUNT, zTg'moontl I., King
of Poland, son of Casimir IV., was born in 1466. He
ascended the throne in 1507. He was involved in wars
with the Russians, Moldavians, and Wallachians, against
whom he was eventually successful. Died in 1548.

See LELEWBL, "Histoire de Pologne;" "Nouvelle Biographie
Ge'ne'rale."

Sigismund (called also Augustus) II., a son of the
preceding, was born in 1518. He was elected king
during his father's lifetime, and came to the throne in,
1548. During his reign Lithuania was united to Pularid
to which Livonia was also annexed. Sigismund is sup-
posed to have secretly favoured the Reformed religion,
which made great progress under his rule ; he was also 3
liberal patron of learning and the arts. Died in 1572.

See LBLHWBL, " Histoire de Pologne."

Sigismund III., King of Poland and Sweden, bom
in 1566, was the son of John HI. of Sweden and Cathe-
rine, sister of Sigismund II. of Poland. He was elected
in 1587 to the throne of Poland, and in 1594 crowned
King of Sweden. His zeal in behalf of Catholicism
having made him unpopular with the Swedes, his uncle,
the Duke of Sudermania, caused himself to be made
king, in 1604, under the name of Charles IX., and thus
laid the foundation of a protracted strife between the
two countries. In 1610 he invaded Russia, and placed
his son Vladislaf on the throne, which, however, he was
subsequently compelled to resign to Michael Feodoro-
vitch. He was also involved in wars with the Turks,
Tartars, and Cossacks, and was obliged to yield to
Gustavus Adolphus a considerable part of Livonia and
Prussia. He died in 1632, and was succeeded by his
son, Vladislaf IV.

See NIEMCEKICZ, "Histoire du Regne de Sigismond III.," j
vols., 1819.

Sig'is-mund or Sigismond, King' of Burgundy,
was a son of Gondebaud, (Gundibald,) whom he suc-
ceeded in 516 A. D. Having been defeated in battle by
the sons of Clovis, he was killed, by order of Clodomir,
in 524.

Sigmund. See SIGISMUND.

Bignol, sin'yAK, (fiitiLE,)a French historica.1 painter,
born in Paris in 1804. He gained a medal of the first
class in 1835. Died in 1892.

Signorelli, sen-yo-rel'lee, (LuCA.) an eminent Italian
painter, born at Cortona in 1439, was a nephew of Vasari.
His frescos of "The Last Judgment," in the cathedral



, i, o, u, y, long; i, 6, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, ii,J, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; good; 1110011;



SIGNORELLI



2197



SILLIG



of Orvieto, are esteemed master-pieces, and were highly
commended by Michael Angelo. Died in 1521.

See MRS. JAMHSON, "Memoirs of Early Italian Painters;"
VASARI, "Lives of the Painters," etc.

Sigiiorelli, (PiETRO NAPOLI,) an Italian critic and
historical writer, born at Naples in 1731. lie wrote,
besides other works, a literary history of Naples and
Sicily, entitled " Vicende della Coltura nelle Due Sicilie,"
(5 vols., 1784-86.) Died in 1815.

Sigonio, se-go'ne-o, [Lat SICO'NIUS,] (CARLO,) an
eminent Italian historian and antiquary, born at Modena
about 1520. lie became professor of Greek literature
in his native city in 1546, and obtained in 1560 tl>e chair
of eloquence at Padua. Among his principal works are
his treatise " On the Ancient Law of Roman Citizens,"
("De antiquo Jure Civium Romanorum," 1560,) "His-
tory of the Western Empire," (" Historian de Occidental!
Imperio," 1577,) and "Ecclesiastical History," ("His-
toriae Ecclesiastics.") Sigonio was one of the first
scholars of his time, and his Latin style is remarkable
for clearness and elegance. He also wrote "On the
Athenian Republic," ("De Republica Atheniensium,"
1564,) and a "Life of Scipio Africanus Minor," (1569.)
Died in 1584.

Sigonius. See SIGONIO.

Sigorgne, se'goRn', (PIERRE,) a French ecclesiastic
and natural philosopher, born in Lorraine in 1719. He
advocated the Newtonian philosophy. Died at Macon
in 1809.

Sigourney, sig'ur-ne, (LYDIA HUNTLEY,) an Ameri-
can poet and miscellaneous writer, born at Norwich,
Connecticut, in 1791. She published, in 1815, "Moral
Pieces, in Prose and Verse." Having visited Europe in
1840, she brought out in 1842 a work entitled " Pleasant
Memories of Pleasant Lands." She was married in
1819 to Charles Sigourney, a merchant of Hartford.
Among her numerous poems are "The Aborigines of
America," (1822,) and "Pocahontas," (1841.) She also
wrote many works in prose. Died in 1865.

Sigs'bee, (CHARLES DWIGHT,) an American naval
officer, born at Albany, New York, in 1845. He
entered the Naval Academy in 1850, saw some service
in the civil war, rose to the rank of captain, and was
in command of the Maine when it was blown up in
Havana harbour in February, 1898. He commanded
the St. Paul in the war with Spain, and later the
Texas.

Siguenza, de, di se-gwen'zi, (JosE,) a Spanish monk
and historical writer, born about 1545, published a " Life
of Saint Jerome," (1595,) and other works. Died in 1606.

Siguenza y Gongpra, de, da se-gwdn'zi e gon'-
go-ra, (CARLOS,) a Mexican priest and Jesuit, born in
the city of Mexico in 1645. He studied at the univer-
sity of his, native city, and became a priest and a professor
of mathemat'ics and astronomy. He published many
works on Mexico and the adjacent regions, maps, charts,
etc, besides some volumes of verse, chiefly in Latin.
Died August 22, 1700.

Sigurd, see'goord or see'gurd, [from a root cognate
with the German Sieg and Swedish Seger, victory,] the
name of a hero celebrated in the legends of the North
as the greatest of human warriors. He may be styled
the Roostam of the Northmen. He had a sword with
which he could cleave an anvil and cut through floating
wool. Sigurd appears to be another name for SIEGFRIED,
(which see.) For the particulars of Sigurd's history, see
Thorpe's "Northern Mythology," vol. i. pp. 91-108.

Sigurdsson, see'goords-spn, (JoN,) an Iceiandic.anti-
quary and statesman, born at Kafnseyri, June 17, iSil ;
died at Copenhagen, December 7, 1879.

Sike or Siecke, see'keli or zee'keh, (HEINRICH,) a
German philologist, born at Bremen in the latter part of
the seventeenth century, became professor of Oriental
languages at Utrecht, and subsequently at Cambridge,
England. He committed suicide in 1712.

Sl-la'nl-on, [SiXavkii*,] a Greek statuary in bronze,
lived in the fourth century B.C. According to Pliny, he
was a contemporary of Lysippus, and excelled in the
imitation of strong passions. Among his works was a
statue of Sappho, which was highly praised by Cicero, a
statue of Plato, and a statue of Jocasta dying.



SI-la'nu3, (DECIMUS JUNIUS,) a Roman senator, was
elected consul in 63 n.c. In the trial of Catiline's ac-
complices, he, as -consul elect, was the first to express
his opinion; He advocated severe measures.

Silanus, (M. JUNIUS,) an orator, was a grandson of
D. Junius Silanus. He became consul in 19 A.D. His
daughter Claudia was the wife of Caligula, who caused
Silanus to be put to death.

Silbermann, sil'ber-mjn' or zilTjer-man', (GOTT-
FRIED,) a German organ-builder, born near Frauenstein,
in Saxony, in 1683 ; died in 1753.

Silberschlag, sil'ber-shlic'or zU'ber-shliG',(JoHANN
JESAIAS,) aGerman natural philosopher, born at Aschers-
leben in 1721. He was pastor at Magdeburg, and rector
of the Real-Schule in Berlin. Died in 1791.

See his Autobiography, 1788.

Silene. See SILENUS.
Sileno. See SILENUS.



Sl-le'nus or Sei-le'nus, JGr. ScAyvo; ; Fr. SILENE.
se'ljn'; It. SILENO, se-la'no,j in the classic mythology,
one of the 5atyrs, supposed to be a son of Mercury, and
the preceptor and inseparable attendant of Bacchus.
He was represented as a jovial old man, corpulent, bald,
always intoxicated, and carrying in his hand a wine-bag,
and often riding on an ass. Like the other Satyrs, he
was fond of sleep, music, and dancing. He was also
renowned for his prophetic insight into the future.

See VIRGIL'S Sixth Eclogue, entitled "Silenus."

Silhon, de, deh se'lA.v', (JEAN,) a French author, born


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 308 of 425)