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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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near Nerac about 1596. He was one of the first mem-
bers of the French Academy, and was employed by
Richelieu in political affairs. Among his works is a
"Treatise on the Immortality of the Soul," (1662.)
Died in 1667.

Silhouette, de, deh se'Ioo'eV, (TIENNE,) a French
financier and writer on politics, etc., was born at Li-
moges in 1709. He became controller-general of the
finances in 1759, practised excessive economy, but was
found to be incompetent, and resigned before the end of
the year. Died in 1767. His name is applied to an
economical sort of portrait, (commonly called a profile.)

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'neVale."

Sill-us I-tall-ous, (CAius,) a Roman poet and imi-
tator of Virgil, whose birthplace is unknown, lived under
the reign of Nero, and in 68 A.D. was elected consul.
lie was afterwards proconsul in Asia. His only work
extant is an epic poem entitled " Punica," in seventeen
books, giving an account of the second Punic war. It
is a long and very dull poem. Died about 100 A.D.

See C. CELLARIUS, "Dissertatio de C. Silio Italico," 1712;
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Siljestrom, seel'yes-tRom', (PEHR ADAM.) a Swedish
writer, born at Calmar in 1815, became professor of ex-
perimental physics at Upsal. He was the author of a
report on the educational system of the United States.

Sill, (JOSHUA W.,) born at Chillicothe, Ohio, in 1831
graduated at West Point in 1853. He became a briga-
dier-general in the Union army in July, 1862, and was
killed at Stone River, December 31 of that year.

Silla, the Italian of SULLA, (which see.)

Sillery, de, deh sel're', (CHARLES ALEXIS Brulart
bKii'laV,) MARQUIS, and Count de Genlis, a French
officer, born in Paris in 1737, was the husband of Ma-
dame de Genlis the authoress. He served as captain in
the navy in his youth, and became a member of the
States-General in 1789. He was a follower of the Duke
of Orleans in politics, and was guillotined in October,

'793-

Sillei-f. (CHARLES DOYNE,) a poet, born at Athlone,
in Ireland, March 2, 1807, studied medicine at Edin-
burgh, and died there, May 16, 1836. Among his works
are " Vallery," (1829,) "Eldred of Erin," (1830,) "The
Exiles of Cliamouni," (a drama, 1834,) etc.

Sillery, de, (NICOLAS Bruslart brultR',) MAR-
QUIS, an able French diplomatist, born in Champagni
in 1544. He was employed in foreign missions by
Henry IV., and became chancellor of France in 1607.
Died in 1624.

See BOUTRAYS, " Breviarium Vits N. Brulartli," 1624; SULLY
" Me"moires."

Sillig, sil'lio or zil'lic, (KARL JULIUS,) a German



as k; 5 as $; g hard; g as/; G, H, K.,giiltural; N, nasal; R, tri.'ltd; s as z; th as ill this. (JtJf^See Explanations, p. 23,)



SILLIMAN



2198



SIMEON



scholar, horn at Dresden in 1801, published an editior
of the "Natural History" of Pliny, (1851,) and a valu
able " Catalogue of Greek and Roman Artists," (" Cata
logus Artificum Gricorum et Homanorum,") which
has been translated into English. Died in 1857.

See the " Foreign Quarterly Review" for October, 1838.

Sil'11-man, (BENJAMIN,) an eminent American natu
ralist and professor, born in North Stratford, {now
Trumbull,) Connecticut, on the Sth of August, 1779.
He was a son of Gold Selleck Silliman, a general who
served in the war of the Revolution. He entered Yale
College in 1792, graduated in 1796, and was appointed
tutor in that institution in 1799. About 1802, Dr.
Dwight offered him a chair of chemistry in Yale Col-
lege. To prepare himself for that position, he studied
chemistry at Philadelphia for two years. He began to
lecture to the students of Yale College in 1804, and
performed a voyage to Europe about the end of 1805.
Having returned, after an absence of fourteen months,
he resumed the chair of chemistry, and published a
"Journal of Travels in England, Holland, and Scot-
land," (2 vols., 1810,) which was a very interesting and
popular book. Soon after his return he made a geo-
logical survey of a part of Connecticut. In 1809 he
married Harriet, a daughter of Governor Trumbull, of
Connecticut. He made a chemical analysis of a famous
meteorite which fell at Weston, Connecticut, in 1807.
In 1818 he founded "The American Journal of Science
and Arts," usually called "Silliman's Journal," which
was recognized at home and in Europe as the chief
repository of American science. He was the sole
editor of this journal for twenty years, and maintained
it at his own pecuniary risk.

He attained great eminence as a lecturer and teacher
of science. "The professor's chair, in the laboratory
or the lecture-room, was the place above all others in
which his enthusiasm, his sympathy with youthful aspira-
tions, his varied acquisitions, and his graceful utterance,
exerted their highest and most enduring influence."
(" American Journal of Science and Arts," May, 1865.)
He applied the blowpipe to the fusion of a variety of
bodies which were before regarded as infusible. About
1822 he demonstrated the transfer of particles of carbop
from one charcoal point to the other in the galvanic
battery. He published a text-book on chemistry in 1830.
Between 1835 and 1850 he delivered popular lectures
on chemistry and geology in Boston, Lowell, New York,
Philadelphia, Saint Louis, and New Orleans. He was
one of the few men in the country that could hold a
popular audience with a lecture on science. In 1853 he
resigned his professorship, and published " A Visit to
Europe in 1851," (2 vols.,) which was often reprinted.
He felt a deep interest in the cause of liberty, and when
Kansas became the scene of conflict, about 1857, he
came out with all his youthful ardour as the opponent of
the slave-power. He died at New Haven on the 24th
of November, 1864. In the language of the writer already
quoted above, "he was a man of vigorous understanding
and sound judgment, led on, but never carried away, by
an enthusiastic disposition, glowing and constant. . . .
Blending with and ennobling all these virtues was the
childlike simplicity of his Christian faith."

See "American Journal of Science and Arts," May, 1865 ; GEORGB
P. FISHER. "Life of Benjamin Silliman," 2 vols., 1866; "North
American Review" for January, 1832.

Silliman, (BENJAMIN,) a son of the preceding, was
born at New Haven in 1816, and graduated at Yale Col-
lege in 1837. He was employed as teacher of chemistry
in that college for a number of years, and was appointed
professor of chemistry applied to the arts in 1846. About
1838 he became associate editor of the "American Jour-
nal of Science and Arts," of which he and Professor
J. D. Dana are now the chief editors. He succeeded his
father as professor of general and applied chemistry in
Yale College in 1854. He published "First Princi-
ples of Chemistry," (1846,) and " Principles of Physics,"
(1858.) Died at New Haven, January 14, 1885.

Sil'lo-way, (THOMAS WILLIAM,) an American clergy-
man, author, and architect, born at Newljtiryport, Mas-
sachusetts, August 7, 1828. In 1851 he became an
architect in Boston, and in 1862 he was ordained as a
Universalist preacher. He won special distinction as a



church architect He published "Theognis," (1856,)
" Warming and Ventilation," (1860,) and various service-
books, etc. With L. L. Powers, he wrote " Cathedral
Towers of England, Ireland, and Scotland," (1883.)

Silly, de, deh se'ye', JACQUES JOSEPH Vipart
re'piR',) MARQUFS, a French general, born in Normandy
in 1671. He was a friend of Madame de Stael. Died
in 1727.

Silva, sel'vi', (JEAN BAPTISTS,) a French physician,
born at Bordeaux in 1682. He practised in Paris, and
received the title of consulting physician to Louis XV.
in 1724. Died in 1742.

Silva y Figueroa. See FIGUEROA, BE.

Silvaui, sel-va'nee, (GHERARDO,) an Italian architect,
born at Florence in 1579. He built, besides other
edifices in his native city, the magnificent Palazzo Maru-
cell! and the Palazzo Ricardi. His design for the facade
of the cathedral of Florence was adopted and executed.
Died in j675.

Sil-va'uus or Syl-va'nus, [Fr. SYLVAIN, sel'vaN',]
[from silva or sylva, a "wood" or "grove,"] a rural deity
in Roman mythology, was the guardian of groves, fields,
and cattle. He was supposed to be the protector of the
boundaries of fields or farms. By some mythographers
he was identified with Faunus and with Pan.

Sil-ve'rJ-us or Sylverius, [Fr. SILVEKE, sel'vaiR',1
a native of Frosinone, near Rome, became pope in 530
A.D. He was a son of Pope Hormisdas. In 537 he *as
banished to Lycia by Belisarius, who chose Vigilius as
his successor. Died in 538.

Silvester, POPE. See SYLVESTER.

Silvestre, sel-veVtRa, (GREGORIO.) born at Lisbon
in 1520, was the author of numerous poems published
in 1592, under the title of "Obras poeticas." .Died in
1570.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe,"

Silvestre, sel'vestR', (ISRAEL,) a French designer and
engraver, born at Nancy in 1621. He worked in Paris,
and receiveM the title of engraver to the king in 1662.
He engraved views of French and Italian scenery. Died
in 1691.

Silvestre, de, deh sel'vestR', (AucuSTlN FRANCOIS,)
BARON, a French savant and rural economist, born in
1762, was descended from the preceding. He was chief
of the bureau of agriculture during the first empire. He
contributed to several scientific journals, and wrote
biographies of many French savants. Died in 1851.

See BOUCHARD, " Notice sur Baron de Silvestre," 1852; QU^KARD,
" La France Lilte"raire."

Silvestre, de, (Louis,) a painter, born in Paris in
1675, was a son of Israel Silvestre, noticed above. He
ivas patronized by Augustus, .King of Poland, and be-
came director of the Academy of Dresden. Died' in
1760. His nephew, NICOLAS CHARLES, (1698-1767,)
was a painter and engraver.

Silvestre de Sacy. See SACY, DE.

Silvia. See RHEA SILVIA.

Simart, se'miV, (PIERRE CHARLES,) a French sculp,
tor, born at Troyes in 1806, was a pupil of Pradier. He
jained the grand prize of Rome in 1833. He was em-
ployed by the government to execute statues and bas-
eJiefs for the Louvre and other public buildings. Among
bis works is an imitation of Phidias' statue of Pallas
Athene, composed of gold and ivory. Died in 1857.

See C. LavficjuK, " Notice sur la Vie de Simart," 1837 : G. Ev-
tifes, " Simart Statuaire," 1860; HALVY, "Notice sur la Vie et lea
Duvrages de Simart," 1861.

Sim'e-on, [Heb. |U'3iy,] the second son of Jacob and
Lfeah, received his father's curse on account of his share
ri the treacherous murder of the Shechemites.

Sec Genesis xxxiv.

Sim'e-9n OF DURHAM, an English chronicler of the
eleventh century, was the author of a " History of the
Kings of England from 616 to 1130."

Simeon OF POLOTZK, a Russian poet and monk born
at Polouk in 1628. He was the preceptor ol Feodor,
who became Czar of Russia in 1676. lie wrote dramas
and religious treatises. Died in 1680.

Sim'e-on surnamed STYLI'TF.S, (Gr. Zv/uuvw 6 2ru?j-

c ; Fr. SIMEON STYLITE, se'ma'oN' ste'let',] an ascetic
or fanatic, born near the boundary of Syria and Cilicia
about 390 A.D. He acquired a sort of celebrity by stand-



9, e, 1, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, 5, J, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; (ar, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon;



SIMEON



2199



SIMON



ing or living for many years on the top of a pillar, and
attracted crowds of spectators, who came from a great,
distance, and to whom he preached. He was venerated
as a saint. Died about 460.

Simeon, se'mi'AN', (JOSEPH BALTHASAR,) COMTE, a
French politician, born at Aix in 1781, was a son of the
following. He was prefect of several departments be-
tween 1815 and 1824, and entered the Chamber of Peers
in 1835. Died in 1846.

Simeon, (JOSEPH JEROME,) COUNT, a French min-
ister of state, born at Aix in 1749. He became a mem-
ber of the council of state in 1804, and minister of the '
interior in Westphalia in 1807. He was French minister
of the interior from February, 1820, to December, 1821.
Died in 1842.

See MIGNET, " Notice historique sur la Vie de M. le Comte
Simeon," 1844: "Nouvelie Biographic GeWrale."

Sim'e-on Met-a-phras'tes, a theologian, who lived
in the reign of Con'stantine Porphyrogenitus. He was
the author of " Lives of the Saints." Died in 976.

Sim'e-on Se'thus or Simeon Seth, a learned
Greek writer of the eleventh century, was a resident
of Constantinople. He was the author of a treatise
on edible things and their properties, which has been
translated into Latin under the title of " Syntagma
de Cibariorum Facultate." He translated into Greek
the Arabic Fables of Pilpay ; and the translation of a
fabulous history of Alexander the Great, from the Per-
sian, is also ascribed to him.

See "Nouvelie Biographic Gene'rale."

Simeoui,se-ma-o'nee, (GABRIELLO,) an Italian writer
on various subjects, was born at Florence in 1509. He
led a wandering life. Among his works is " Devices
and Emblems," ("Devises et Emblemes," in French,
1559.) Died in 1575.

Simeoni, (GIOVANNI,) an eminent Italian cardinal,
born at Pagliano, July 23, 1816. For many years his
learning and wisdom found him varied employment in
the papal court and on different nunciatures. In 1875
he was made Archbishop of Chalcedonia and nuncio to
Madrid, and in the same year he was created a cardinal-
priest. He was papal secretary of state, 1876-78, and
in the latter year was chosen prefect-general of the
Propaganda. Died January 14, 1892.

Simiane, de, deh seWan', (PAULINE d'Adhemai
de Monteil de Grignan di'da'mtR' deh moN'tJI'
deh gnen'yoN',) MARQUISE, a French lady, born in Paris
in 1674, was a granddaughter of Madame de Se'vigne.
Died in 1737. Her Letters were published in 1773.

Sim'ler, (JosiAS,) a Swiss Protestant minister and
historian,' born at Cappel, near Zurich, in 1530. He was
professor of theology at Zurich, and wrote, besides
treatises on theology, a "History of the Swiss Republic,"
("De Helvetiorum Republica," 1574.) Died in 1576.
See STUCK, "Vita J. Simleri," 1577: NicinON, "Memoires."
Sim'ml-as, [Si^/iicf,] a Greek grammarian, born at
Rhodes, is supposed to have lived about 300 B.C. Some
fragments of his poems are contained in the "Anthologia
Graeca." Another writer of this name was the author of a
historical work, not extant.

Simmias OF THEBES, a Greek philosopher, was a
disciple and friend of Socrates, at whose death he was
present. He and his brother Cebes are the chief speakers
(besides Socrates) in the " Phaedon" of Plato. His
works are not extant.

Sim'monds-Lund, (PETER,) an English author,
born in 1814 at Aarhuus, Denmark. After a period as
a midshipman in the English navy and as a sugar-
planter in Jamaica, he entered upon authorship, writing
in all more than fifty volumes, with many contributions
to periodicals. Important works are "Tropical Agri-
culture," "Arctic Discoveries," "The Curiosities of
Food," and "Waste Products."

Sim'mons, (FRANKLIN,) an American sculptor,
born at Webster, Maine, in 1839. After 1868 he re-
sided mainly in Rome. He made about one hundred
portrait busts in marble, a number of public monu-
ments, and several ideal statues. He was knighted
by King Humbert of Italy in 1898.



Sim'mons, (SAMUEL FOART,) an English physician,
born in Kent in 1752, studied at Edinburgh, and took
his medical degree at Leyden. Having settled in Lon-
don, he was appointed physician of Saint Luke's Hos-
pital and to George III., and elected a Fellow of the
Royal Society. He published several medical works.
Died in 1813.

Simma, (WILLIAM GILMORE,) an American novelist
a id voluminous writer, born at Charleston, South Caro-
lina, in 1806. He published a number of poetical pieces
at an early age, and brought out in 1833 his " Atalantis,
a Story of the Sea," which is esteemed his finest poem.
Among his numerous romances may be named "Guy
Rivers," (1834,) "The Yemassee," (1835,) "The Parti-
san," (1835,) "Mellichampe," (1836,) " Pelayo," (1838,)
"The Wigwam and the Cabin," and "Katherine Wal-
on," (1851.) He also wrote a "History of South Caro-
lina," (1840,) a "Life of Marion," (1844,) and other
biographical works, and was a frequent contributor to
various Reviews. Died in June, 1870.

See GRISWOLD, " Prose Writers of America :" DirvCKiNCK,
"Cyclopaedia of American Literature," vol. li. : ALLIBONR, "Dic-
tionary of Authors;" " North American Review" for October, 1846.

Sim'nel, (LAMBERT,) an English impostor, born at
Oxford about 1472, was the son of a joiner or baker. In
1486 he assumed to be Edward Plantagenet, Earl of
Warwick, a nephew of Richard III., and was supported
by many partisans of the House of York. The army
of Simnel was defeated by the royal army at Stoke in
1487. Simnel was taken prisoner, but his life was

Simolin, see'mo-leen', (JoHANN MATHIAS,) an emi-
nent diplomatist, born at Abo, in Finland, was employed
by the Russian empress Catherine on important mis-
sions to Austria, Denmark, Sweden, and England. Died
in 1799.

Simolin, (KARt. GOSTAV,) BARON, a Russian diplo-
matist, born at Abo in 1715. He was ennobled by
Stanislas Augustus, King of Poland. Died in 1777.
Simon. See PETER, SAINT.

Simon, se'moN', (DOUARD THOMAS,) a French
litterateur, born at Troyes in 1740; died in 1818.

Simon, (JEAN FRANC.OIS,) a French antiquary, bo.-n
in Paris in 1654; died in 1719.

Si'mpn, (JOHN,) an English surgeon and anatomist,
born in 1810, studied at King's College, became in 1844
a Fellow of the Cortege of Surgeons, London, and was
subsequently appointed medical officer to the general
board of health. He published a treatise " On the Phys-
iology of the Thymus Gland," (1845.) and "Lectures on
General Pathology," (1850.) The former obtained the
Astley Cooper prize.

Simon, (JULES,) sometimes called JULES SIMON-
SUISSE, a French philosopher and legislator, born at
Lorient in 1814. He was chosen in 1839 by M. Cousm
to supply his place as professor at the Sorbonne, where
he lectured about twelve years. In 1848 he was elected
a member of the Constituent Assembly. He published,
besides other works, "Studies on the Theodicea of
Plato and Aristotle," (1840.) a "History of the School
of Alexandria," (2 vols., 1844-45,) and "Natural Re-
ligion," (1856.) In 1863 he was elected a member of tha
legislative body by the voters of Paris, and was admitted
into the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences, of
which he became permanent secretary in 1882. In
I 1869 he was re-elected to the legislative body, in 1870
became minister of public instruction under the re-
public, and in 1875 was elected senator for life and a
member of the French Academy. He was prime
minister in 1876. Died June 8, 1896.

Simon, (RICHARD,) an eminent and liberal French
theologian and critic, born at Dieppe in May, 1638, was
a man of profound learning. He entered the congrega-
tion of the Oratory, studied the Oriental languages, ana
became professor of philosophy in the College of Juilly.
His principal work is a "Critical History of the C
Testament," (1678,) which was condemned as unsound
and suppressed. He was proscribed by Bossuet as a
heretic, and was expelled from the Oratory. He was
much addicted to controversy, and was very tenacious
of his opinions. Died at Dieppe in 1712.



as k; 9 as /; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this,



Explanations, p. 23.)



SIMON



2200



SIMPSON



Simon, (THOMAS,) an English engraver of medals,
born about 1612. He was employed as engraver to
the Mint during the Commonwealth. Died in 166

Si'mon Maccabaj'us (mak-ka-bee'us) or Mat then,
fFr SIMON MACHABEE, se'mdN' ml'sha bi',] called
also THA'SI, was the brother of Judas Maccabaeus. He
succeeded his brother Jonathan in 143 B.C. as high-
priest and ruler of the Jews. He formed an alliance
with Demetrius Nicator, of Syria, who recognized the
independence of the Jews. Judea was invaded m 139
by an army of Antiochus Sidetes, which Simon defeated.
He was assassinated by his son-in-law Ptolemoeus, in

I3 Si4non Ma'gus, [Fr. SIMON LE MAGICTEN, se'mon'
leh mS'zhe'sj.N',] a magician of Samaria, and a pre-
tended convert to Christianity, who offered money to
the apostles Peter and John to obtain from them the
power of conferring the Holy Ghost. For this he was
severely rebuked by Peter.

Simon de Montfort. See MONTTORT, DE.

Simonde de Sismondi See SISMONDI.

Simone da Pesaro. See CANTARINI.

Simonet, se'mo'nV, (EoMoND,) a French Jesuit and
writer on theorCgy, born at Langres in 1662 ; died in

Simonetta, se-mo-net'ti, (BoNlFAZio,) an Italian
historian, born about 1430. He wrote "De Persecu-
tionibus Christians Fidei et Romanorum Pontificum,"
(1402.)

Simonetta, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian politician, an
uncle of the preceding, was born in Calabria in 1410.
He became the chief adviser or minister of Galeazzo
Maria Sforza, Duke of Milan, and had much power
during the minority of that prince's son. He was be-
headed, by order of Ludovico Sforza, in 1480.

Simonide. See SIMONIDES.'

Si-monl-deS [Gr. 2i/uwiiiK: Fr. SlMONTOE, se'mo'-
ned'l OF AMOROUS, a Greek poet, born at Samos,
flourished about 690-665 B.C. I le wrote satires in the
Iambic metre. His satire on women is extant.

See K. O. MOLUER, "History of the Literature of Ancient
Greece."

Simonides OF CEOS, a famous Greek lyric poet,
born at Julis, in the island of Ceos, about 556 B.C. He
became a resident of Athens in the reign of Hipparchus,
by whom he was patronized, and there associated with
Anacreon. After the death of Hipparchus (about 514)
he retired to Thessaly. He returned to Athens about
the time of the Persian invasion, celebrated the victory
of Marathon in verse, 489 B.C., and acquired great popu-
larity. He was employed by the Amphictyons to write
inscriptions for the tombs of those who fell in defence
Of Greece against the Persians. For those who fell at
Thermopylae he composed an inscription which may be
translated, " Stranger, tell the Lacedaemonians that we
lie here in obedience to their laws." He was intimate
with Themistocles, and was a rival of Pindar. His lat
ter years were passed at the court of Hieron of Syra
cuse, where he died in 467 B.C. His works are lost,
except small fragments. He excelled in epigram anc
in pathetic poetry. Many witty sayings are ascribed to
him. He was victorious over Aschylus in a contest for
the prize which was offered for the best elegy on those
who fell at Marathon. He was greatly distinguishes
for his moral wisdom and moderation.

See BOISSY, "Histoire de la Vie de Simonide," 1755 ; SCHNEI
t>E\vin, "De Vita et Carminibus Simonidis Cei," 1835; DUCKER
"De Simonide," 1768 ; F. W. RICHTER, "Simonides der Athere
von Kens nach seinem Leben," etc., 1836 : K. O. MULLER, " Hislor
cf the Literature of Ancient Greece:" "Nouvelle Biographic Gene
tale;" "Fraser's Magazine" for August, 1830,

Simonides, a Greek literary impostor, born abou
1815. He had a remarkable knowledge of the ancien
languages, history, and antiquities, and used them in
forged classic documents, which imposed on some o;
the best scholars of Europe and the East. He pro
duced and sold forged manuscripts of Homer, Aris
totle, Pericles, and many other ancient authors. Diec
in 1890.

Simonln, se'mo'niN', (Louis LAURENT,) a French
engineer and author, born at Marseilles, August 22



830. He became a mining expert, and in 1865 was ap-
ointed professor of geology to the Ecole centrale d'Archi-
ecture. He often visited the United States, and became

prominent advocate of American ideas in politics.

Among his works are "L'Etrurie et les Etrusques,"

Le Grand-Quest des Etats-Unis." "L'Homme ame>i-

ain," "A travers les Etats-Unis," "Le Monde ameri-

ain," etc. Died in 1886.

Simonneau, se'mo'no', (CHARLES,) a French en-
graver, born at Orleans in 1645. He engraved the works
f several French masters. Died in 1728.

Simonneau, (Louis,) an engraver, born at Orleans
n 1654, was a brother of the preceding. Died in 1727.

Simor, see'mor, (JOHN, or JANOS,) a Hungarian car-
dinal, born at Stuhlweissenburg, August 23, 1813, was
aised to a bishopric in 1857, and in 1867 became Arch-
jishop of Gran, Primate of Hungary, and intimate coun-
cilor of the kingdom. In 1873 he was created a cardinal-
>riest Died January 23, iSgt.

Simplicius, sim-phsh'e^us, (Si/in-^wiof,) a Neo-Pla-
onic philosopher and commentator on Aristotle, was
iorn in Cilicia. He was persecuted as a pagan in the reign
f Justinian, who closed the school at Athens in 529 A.D.
He wrote commentaries on Aristotle's "Categories,"
' De Ccelo," and " De Anima" and " Physica Ausculta-
io." These are esteemed the most valuable of all the

reek commentaries on Aristotle that are extant.

See HOFFMANN, " Bibliographicum Lexicon ;" " Nouvelle Bio-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 309 of 425)