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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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vots., 1839-41: F. SCHULTZ. " Con>mentalio de Vila Sophoclis
Poeti." 1836; REUTER, " Dissertalio de /Eschylo, Sophocle et
Euripide," 1831.

Sophocles, the son of Ariston, an Athenian tragic
poet, was a grandson of the great Sophocles. He flour-
ished about 390 B.C., and produced numerous dramas,
some of which gained prizes.

Sophocles, s5f'o-klez, (EVANCEL1NUS APOSTOLIDES,)
LL D., a Greek-American scholar, born in Thessaly,
March 8, 1807. lie entered the convent on Mount
Sinai, whence he removed to the United Slates, and was
for a short time a student at Amherst College. In 1842
be became a tutor in Harvard College, in 1859 assistan

professor of Greek, and in 1860 professor of Byzantine
and Modern Greek. He published a Greek grammar
11838) and other Greek text-books, a Romaic grammar,
11842.) and a valuable "Greek Lexicon of the Roman
and Byzantine Periods," (1870.) Died in 1884.

Sophonie or Sophonias. See ZFPHAMAH.

Soph-o-nis'ba, |Gr. ZaQoviofa ; Fr. Soi'HONIsliE, so'-
o'liebb',) a Carthaginian lady, became the wife of Syphax.
King of Numidia, about 206 H.C. She was taken pris-
oner in 203 by Masinissa, who had formerly been her
over. He married her, or resolved to marry her; but
Scipio would not permit him to keep her, because he
eared she would convert him into an ally of Canhage.
She died by poison given to her by Masinissa.

Sophonisbe. See SOPHONISHA.

So'phron, [Siippui',] a Greek comic poet, born al
Syracuse about 450 or 425 B.C. He is considered to be
the inventor of "mimes." His works, which are lost
except small fragments, were greatly admired by Plato,
who is said to have been largely indebted to them. So-
phron wrote in the Doric dialect.

See FABRICIU-;. " Hibliotheca Graeca:" GRYSAR, "De Comcedia
Doriensium : de Sophrone niimographo," 1838.

Soprani, so-pra'nee, (RAFFAELLO.) an Italian biogra-
pher, born at Genoa in 1612. He wrote "The Lives of
:he Genoese Painters, Sculptors, and Architects," (in
Italian, 1674.) Died in 1672.

So-ra'nus, [Supawic,] a celebrated Greek physician,
iorn at Ephesus, was the son of Menander, and lived
under the reigns of Trajan and Hadrian. He was the
author of a treatise "On the Obstetric Art," etc., a por-
tion of which is extant, and of other medical works.

Soranzo, so-rin'zo, (GIOVANNI,) a Venetian states-
man, was elected doge in 1312. He is said to have
governed wisely. Died in 1327.

Sorbait, soR'bJ' or soR'bit, (PAUL,) a medical writer,
born in Hainault, practised in Vienna. Died in 1691.

Sorbiere, soR'bejajR/, (SAMUEL,) a French liitfra-

ir, born at Saint-Ambroix in 1615. He studied medi-
cine, and wrote, besides other works, " Letters on Divers
Curious Matters," (1660,) and a "Life of Gassendi,"
(1662.) He received the title of historiographer to the
king in 1660. Died in 1670.

See " Sorberiana," Toulouse. 1691 ; NICB'RON. " Me'moires."

Sorbin de Sainte-Foi, soR'baN' deh sist'fwa',
(ARNAUD,) a French priest and polemical writer, born
in 1532. He became court preacher to Charles IX. and
Henry III., the latter of whom appointed him Eibhop
of Nevers in 1578. Died in 1606.

See REV, " Vie d'A. Sorbin," 1860 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Gens'-

Sorbon, de, deh soR'boN', (ROBERT,) a French ec-
clesiastic, born near Rethel in 1201, was confessor to
Saint Louis, and founded about 1250 the College of the
Sorbonne in Paris. Died in 1274.

See MOR^RI, " Dictionnaire Historique."

SorT^y. (HENRY CLIFTON,) an English geologist,
born at Sheffield in 1826. He contributed numerous
scientific articles to the " Edinburgh New Philosophical
Journal," and other periodicals of the kind, and was
elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and of the Geo-
logical Society. In 1882 he became president of Firth
College, Sheffield.

Sordello, soR-del'lo, an Italian poet, born near
Mantua in the twelfth century. He was patronized by
Charles of Anjou, and wrote amatory and satirical
poems. He is eulogized by Dante in his " Purgatorio."
Died after 1266.

Sorel, so'rel', (AGNES,) a beautiful Frenchwoman,
bom in Touraine, became the mistress of King Charles
VII., over whom she exercised great influence. She
incited him to greater resolution and activity in resisting
the English invaders, who had conquered a large part
of France. She was a woman of superior talents. Died
in 1450.

Sorel, (ALBERT,) a French novelist, born at
Honfleur in 1842. He was elected to the French
Academy in 1894, as successor to H. Taine.

Sorel, (CHARLES,) a French novelist and historian,
born in Paris about 1597. Among his works were a

as H; 5 as ,; g hard; g as/; c, H, K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as r; th as in Mi. (SSTSee Explanations, p. 23.)




"Comic History of Francion," (" Histoire comique de
Francion," 1622,) a " History of the French Monarchy,"
(1636,) and "French Library," (" Bibliotheque Fran-
coise," 1664.) Died in 1674.

Sorgh, See ZORGH.

Sorri, sor'ree, (PlETRO,) an Italian painter, born at
Sienna in 1556. He painted history, landscapes, and
portraits. His works are highly praised. Died in 1622.

Sor-tain', (JOSEPH,) an English writer, born in 1809,
was for many years minister of an Independent church
at Brighton. He published, besides other works, " Lec-
tures on Romanism and Anglo-Catholicism," (1841,)
and a "Life of Lord Bacon," (1851.) Died in 1860.

See "Life of J. Sortain," by his widow, 1861.

So-sibl-us, [Scjm'&of,] an Athenian sculptor of un-
known date. Among his works is a vase adorned with
figures of Artemis and Hermes. This vase is now in the
Louvre, at Paris.

So-sig'e-nes, [Gr. Zooiyrvw ; Fr. SosicfeNE, so'ze'-
thin',] a Greek or Egyptian astronomer, born in Egypt,
was a Peripatetic in philosophy. He was employed by
Julius Caesar (46 B.C.) to reform the calendar, and de-
fined a year to be three hundred and sixty-five Jays and
five or six hours.

So-siph'a-nes, [Gr. Suoi^unjf ; Fr. SOSIPHANE, so'-
ze'ftn',] a Greek tragic poet of Syracuse, lived about
300. B.C. He is said to have been one of the seven
poets called the "Tragic Pleiad."

Sosithee. See SOSITHEUS.

So-sith'e-us, [Gr. ZuoiScof ; Fr. SOSITHEE, so'ze'tj',]
a Greek poet of the Alexandrian school, lived in the
third century B.C.

Sost, sost, Soest, or Zoest, (GERARD,) a German
portrait-painter, born in Westphalia in 1637. He worked
in England. Died in 1681.

Sostegno, di, de sos-tin'yo, (CESARE AlSeri.)
MARQUIS, an Italian statesman, born in Turin, August
'3> '799- He was ' O11 S '" tne diplomatic service of
Piedmont, and distinguished himself as a friend of edu-
cational, agricultural, and industrial reform. He was
president of the Senate of Sardinia from 1856 to 1860.
Died at Florence, April 16, 1869.

Sostrate. See SOSTRATUS.

Sos'tra-tuB, [Gr. XuarpaTof; Fr. SOSTRATE, so'strit',]
a Greek architect, born at Cnidos, lived about 300 B.C.
Among his works was the Pharos of Alexandria.

Sot'a-dea, [Gr. 2<J7%; Fr. SOTADE, so'tid',1 a
Greek poet, who flourished at Alexandria about 280
B.C. His poems were extremely lascivious. He was
imprisoned by Ptolemy Philadelphus, against whom he
had written a lampoon.

Sp'ter, was elected Bishop of Rome about 165 A.D.
He is said to have opposed the doctrines of Montanus.
Died in 177.

Sotheby, suth'be, (SAMUEL LEIGH,) an English
antiquary and bibliographer of London, born in 1805;
died in i86t.

Sotheby, (WILLIAM,) an English scholar and poet,
born in London in 1757. He made a number of trans-
lations from the German and other languages, among
which we may name the " Oberon" of Wieland, Virgil's
" Georgics," and Homer's " Iliad" and " Odyssey." He
was also the author of a tragedy entitled "Orestes,"
and of "Constance de Castile," and other poems. He
was a Fellow of the Royal Society, and of the Society of
Antiquaries. Died in 1833.

Sothern, suTH'ern, (EDWARD ASKEW,) an English
actor, born at Liverpool, April i, 1830. He attached
himself to a company in New York, and, after playing
minor parts for several years, at last achieved great
success in the character of Lord Dundreary in the
"American Cousin." The same success attended
him in London in 1863, when he reproduced the char-
acter at the Haymarket Theatre. Others of his favourite
parts were David Garrick, in the play of that name,
and Fitz Altamont, in "The Crushed Tragedian."
Died in London, January 20, i88r.

His son, EDWARD H., became a prominent actor,
and after 1887 starred with his own company in " Lord
Chumley," " The Prisoner of Zenda," etc.

Soto, so'to, ( DOMINGO,) a Spanish Dominican monk,
born at Segovia in 1494, became professor of philosophy
at Alcali in 1519. He was sent in 1545 by Charles V.
as his first theologian to the Council of Trent, where he
was conspicuous for learning and ability. He afterwards
became confessor to Charles V. He wrote " Summula;,"
or a treatise on the Dialects and Physics of Aristotle,
and other works in Latin. Died in 1560.

Soto, so'to, (PEDRO,) a Spanish monk, who went to
England with Philip II. He was afterwards a member
of the Council of Trent Died in 1563.

Soto, de, (IlERNANDO.) See DE SOTO.

Sotomayor, de, da so-to-mi-ydR', (Luis,) a Spanish
painter, born at Valencia in 1635 ; died in 1673.

Sotzmann, sots'man, (DANIEL FRIEDRICH.) a Ger-
man geographer, born at Spandau in 1754, published a
number of valuable maps and charts. Died in 1840.

Soubeiran, soo'bJ'roN', (EUGENE,) a French writer
otx pharmacy, born in Paris in 1797. He became pro-
fessor in the School of Pharmacy, Paris. Died in 1858.

Soubeyran, (PiERRF.,) a Swiss engraver, born at
Geneva in 1709, worked in Paris. Died in 1775.

Soubise, sooTjez', (JEAN de Parthenai deh pjRt'-
ni',) LORD OF, a Huguenot leader, born of a noble
family of Poitou about 1512. Sent by the Prince of
Conte to defend Lyons, he compelled the Duke of Ne-
mours to raise the siege of that place. Died in 1566.

Soubise, de, deh soo'bez', (BENJAMIN de Rohan
deh ro'oN',) SEIGNEUR, a French nobleman and soldier
of the Huguenot party, born about 1585, was a brother
of the Duke de Rohan. He took an active part in the
religious wars of the time, and fought with varying suc-
cess against Louis XIII. and the Catholic faction. He
was noted for his turbulence and audacity. In 1626 a
peace was concluded, and Soubise was created a duke.
Soon after this date he induced the Duke of Bucking
ham to aid the Huguenots with an English fleet. He
passed his latter years in England, and died in London
in 1642.

See HAAC, " La France protestante; 11 "Nouvelle Biographi I
Gene" rale."

Soubiae, de, (CHARLES de Rohan,) PRINCE, a
French general, born in Paris in 1715. lie became a
favourite courtier of Louis XV. In 1757 he was de-
feated by Frederick the Great at Rossbach. He gained
two victories in 1758,31 Sondershausen and Lutzelberg,
and was rewarded with the rank of marshal of France.
Died in 1787.

See DE COURCELLHS, " Dictionnaire des Ciainax Fran^ais:"
" Nouvelle Biographic Ge*n^rale."

Souchay or Souchal, soo'shj', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a
French writer and editor, born near Vendome in 1688.
lie edited the works of Boileau (1735) and other authors.
Died in 1746.

Souchon, soo'sh6N', (FRANCOIS,) a French painter,
born at Alais (Card) in 1785 ; died in 1857.

Souciet, soo'se-j', or Souchiet, soo'she-J', (E'li-
ENNE,) a learned French priest, born at Bourges in
1671. He wrote on theology, chronology, etc. Died
in 1744.

Souciet, (ETIENNE AUGUSTIN.) a brother of the
preceding, born at Bourges in 1685, was an elegani
Latinist. He wrote a Latin poem on comets, (" Co>
metae," 1710.) Died in 1744.

Soufflot, soo'flo', (JACQUES GERMAIN,) a celebr'atea
French architect, born near Auxerre in 1713. He spent
several years at Rome in the study of his profession,
jnd after his return constructed the Great Hospital at
Lyons, also a theatre of uncommon size and elegance.
Having settled in Paris, he was elected to the Academy
of Architecture, and in 1757 was employed to rebuild
the church of Saint Genevieve, since called the Pan-
theon, a superb edifice, which, however, he did not live
to complete. Died in 1781.

See QUATREM&RH ps QUINCV, "Vies dea plus ceMebres Archl-
[ectes ;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Souham, soo'i.N', (JOSEPH,) a French general, born
at Lubersac in 1760. He became a general of division
in 1793, and served under Pichegru in Flanders. Sus-
pected of complicity with Moreau, he was imprisoned
In 1804, but was restored to his rank in the army in

e. I, o, u, y, hn S ; i, 6, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e. 1, 6, (i, y, short; a, e, j, <?, obicure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; gSScl; moon;




1807. He rendered important services at Lutzen (1813
and Lerpsic. Died in 1837.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nerale.'

Soulange-Bodin, soo'lfiNzh' bo'dlN', (EriENNE,) a
French horticulturist and writer, born at Tours in 1774.
He planted a botanic garden at Fromont, (Seine-et-Oise.
Died in 1846.

Soulange-Teissier, soo'lSNzh' ti'se-V, (Louis EMA
NUEL,) a French lithographer, was born at Amiens in

Soulary, soo'l J'ree', (JosEPHiN, or, correctly, JOSEPH
MARIE,) a French poet, born at Lyons, February 23,
1815. He became a soldier in early youth. He put
lished several volumes of verse, including sonnets of
extreme beauty. Died March 28, 1891.

Soulas. See FLORIDOR.

Soulavie, soo'lfve', (JEAN Louis GIRAUD,) a French
historical writer, born in Ardeche in 1752. He was
appointed French resident at Geneva in 1793. He
published, besides other works, " Memoirs of Marsha,
Richelieu," (9 vols., 1791,) and "Historical Memoirs of
the Reign of Louis XVI.," (6 vols., 1802.) Died in 1813.

Sec QU^RARD, "La France Litteraire;" "Nouvelle Biographic

Soule, sool, (JOSHUA,) D.D., an American Method-
ist divine, born at Bristol, Maine, in 1781, rose through
several promotions to be senior bishop of the Methodist
Episcopal Church in 1843. Died March 6, 1867.

Soul6, soo'14', (PIERRE,) a diplomatist and politician,
born in the department of Ariege, France, about 1802,
emigrated to America in r825, and settled in New Or-
leans, where he rose to distinction as a lawyer. He was
elected to the United States Senate in 1849, and in 1853
appointed minister to Spain. He was one of the authors
of the "Ostend Manifesto" in relatipn to Cuba, (1854.)
He returned home in 1855. In 1862 he was arrested fir
disloyalty in New Orleans. Died in 1870.

Souli6, soo'le^i', (MELCHIOR FREDERIC,) a French
novelist and dramatic writer, born at Foix, in the de-
partment of Ariege, in 1800. Among his numerous ro-
mances, which appeared originally in the journals as
fe lilletons, we may name the " Vicomte de Beziers,"
(1834,) "Le Magnetiseur," "Diane et Louise," (1836)
"The Man of Letters," (1838,) and "Memoirs of the
Devil," (1842.) The last-named had an immense sale
and great popularity. His drama of "Clotilde" was
also highly successful. Died in 1847.

SeeM. CHAMPION," F. SouM, sa VieetsesOuvraEes,"i847:Qu4-
SARD, "La France Litteiaire ;" "Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Soulouque.soolook', (FAUSTIN,) Emperor of Hayti,
a negro, born about 1785, was originally a slave. He
entered the army, and attained the rank of general. He
was elected president in 1847, and usurped the title of
emperor in 1849. His reign is said to have been tyran-
nical and cruel. He was deposed in 1859, and re'tired
to France. Died in 1867.

See G. D'ALAUX, "Soulouquc et son Empire :" " Nonvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'nerale."

Soult, soolt, (NAPOLEON HECTOR,) Duke of Dalma-
tia, a diplomatist, born in 1801, was a son of Marshal
Soult. He was sent as ambassador to Turin in 1839,
and to Berlin in 1843. He was recalled in 1848. Died
in 1857.

Soult, (NICOLAS JEAN DE DIEU,) Duke of Dalmatia,
a celebrated French general, born at Saint-Amans la
Bastide (Tarn) in March, 1769. He entered the army
in 1785, became general of brigade in 1794, gained sev-
eral victories in Germany, and obtained the rank of a
general of division in 1799. He shared with Massenn
the honour of defending Genoa in 1800, was appointed
a colonel of the consular guard in 1802, and became a
marshal of France in 1804. He rendered important
services at Austerlitz, in 1805, and at Jena, in 1806. In

1807 he received the title of Due de Dalmatie, and in

1808 was sent to Spain. He commanded the army which
attacked Sir John Moore at Corunna in January, 1809,
and was repulsed. In March ensuing he took Oporto.
Having succeeded Jourdan as commander-in-chief of
the armies in Spain, he gained a victory at Ocana in
November, 1809, and occupied Andalusia in 1810. He

was defeated by General Beresibrd at Albuera in May,
181 X. Dissension arose in 1812 between Soult and
King Joseph, who preferred Jourdan as his second in
command. In March, 1813, Soult joined the grand
army in Germany. He commanded the Old Guard at
Lutzen, and the centre at Bautzen. In the summer of
1813 he was sent as commander-in-chief to oppose the
victorious progress of Wellington in Spain. He dis-
played great skill in this campaign, but was defeated at
Orthez, February, 1814. The English also claimed the
victory at the great battle of Toulouse, fought in April
1814, after the allies had taken Paris.

Soult was appointed minister of war by Louis XVIII.
in December, 1814, but he joined the standard of Napo-
leon in March, 1815, and fought at Waterloo. He was
banished in January, 1816, recalled in 1819, and restored
to the rank of marshal in 1820. He became minister of
war in November, 1830, and prime minister in October,
1832, with Guizot as one of his colleagues. In July,
1834, he retired from office, and was succeeded by M.
Thiers. Soult was president of the council from May,
1839, to March I, 1840. In October, 1840, Guizot and
Soult were requested by the king to form a new ministry,
in which Soult was president of the council and minister
of war, but the former was the. real chief. He resigned
in September, 1847, and died in November, 1851.

Soult, (PIERRE BENotr,) BARON, a brother of the
preceding, was born at Saint-Amans in 1770. He
became a general of brigade in 1807, and a general of
division in 1813. Died in 1843.
Soumarokoi See SOOMAROKOP.
Soumet, soo'mi', ( ALEXANDRA) a French poet, bom
at Castelnaudary in 1788. He produced, in 1822, trage-
dies entitled " Clytemnestra" and " Saul," which were
successful, and was elected a member of the French
Academy in 1824. Among his other works are "The
Jivine Epopee," and "Joan of Arc." Died in 1845.
7 rench cardinal, born in 1575. He became Arch-
jishop of Bordeaux in 1599. Died in 1628.

His brother, HENRY, (1593-1645,) succeeded him
as Archbishop of Bordeaux.

Sou'sa, (JOHN PHILIP,) an American musician,
>orn at Washington, D. C., in 1854. He became a
avourite band leader, and composed many marches,
>ongs, etc., and the light operas " El Capitan," "The
3ride Elect," and "The Charlatan."

South, (Sir JAMES,) F.R.S., an English astronomer,
)orn probably m London. He practised medicine 01
urgery in his early life. He was one of the founders
of the Royal Astronomical Society, organized about
820, and he distinguished himself as an observer. In
826 he obtained the Copley medal of the Royal Society.
Died in October, 1867.

South, (JOHN FLINT,) an English surgeon and med-
cal writer, born in 1798, wrote "Household Surgery,"
id other works. Died January 8, 1882.

South, (ROBERT,) D.D., an eminent English divine,
>orn in Middlesex in 1633. He studied at Christ Church,
Oxford, where John Locke was one of his fellow-students.
ie graduated in 1657, was ordained in 1658, and in 1660
Became university orator. He was made a canon of
Christ Church, Oxford, in 1670. He subsequently ac-
companied Lawrence Hyde, son of Chancellor Claren-
don, on his mission to John Sobieski, King of Poland.
After his return he was appointed rector of Islip, in
Oxfordshire, and chaplain-in-ordinary to Charles H. He
was repeatedly offered the highest preferments in the
Church by that sovereign and his successor, James II.,
but he declined them all. Dr. South was a zealous ad-
ocate of the doctrine of the divine right of kings, and
trongly opposed to Roman Catholics and dissenters,
whom he frequently assailed in his sermons with all the
towers of his brilliant wit and keen sarcasm. He wrote

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a. polemical work on the Trinity against Dr. Snerlock
about 1693. Died in 1716.

Southampton, suth-ham'ton, (HENRY WRIOTHES-
LF.V.) EARL OF, an English peer, noted as a patron of
JShakspeare, was born about 1573. Shakspeare dedi-
cated his "Venus and Adonis" to him in 1593. South-
ampton was implicated in the conspiracy of the Earl of
Essex, (1601,) and was imprisoned for that offence, but
was released in 1603, and became a favourite ol James
I. Died at Bergen-op-Zoom, in the Low Countries,
November 10, 1624.

Southard, siith'ard, (SAMUEL L,,) an American
statesman, born at Baskingridge, New Jersey, in June,
1787. He acquired eminence as a lawyer, was elected
a Senator of the United States in 1821, and was appointed
secretary of the navy in December, 1823, by President
Monroe. He was retained in that office by President
Adams from 1825 to 1829, became Governor of New
Jersey in 1832, and was again elected a Senator of the
United States by the legislature of that State in 1833.
lie continued to serve for nine years in the national
Senate, of which he was president in 1842. Died in
Virginia in June, 1842.

South'cott or South'cpte, (JOANNA,) a religious
fanatic and pretended prophetess, born in Devonshire
about 1750, was originally a domestic servant at Exeter,
About 1792 she claimed to have received divine revela
lion?, and afterwards published "A Warning to the
Whule World from the Sealed Prophecies of Joanna
Southcott," (1803,) "Ti\e Book of Wonders, in Five
Parts," (1813,) and other pamphlets of absurd and nearly
unintelligible contents. She died in 1814, having pre-
viously announced that she would give birth to the
"second Shiloh" or the "Prince of Peace." Her fol-
lowers were very numerous, and are not yet quite extinct

Sec DAVID HUCHSON. " Life of J. Southconv" 1814; "Edinburgh
Review" for February, 1815.

Southern, siHh'ern, (THOMAS,) an Irish dramatist,
born in the county of Dublin in 1660, was a friend of Pope
and Dryden. Among hisbest works are the tragedies of
"Oronooko" and "Isabella, or the Fatal Marriage." He
also wrote comedies entitled "The Rambling Lady,'
" The Disappointment," and " The Wives' Excuse." His
denunciations of the slave-trade in " Oronooko" are saic
to have been the first occurring in any English writer
Pied in 1746.

See CAMPBELL, "Specimens of the British Ports."

Southey, sow'the, (CAROLINE ANNE BOWLES,) ar
authoress, born at Buckland, Hampshire, in 1787. She
wrote, besides other works, "Ellen Fitz-Arthur," a
poem, (1820,) "The Widow's Tale, and other Poems,'
(1822,) and "Solitary Hours," prose and verse, (1826,
which were received with favour. In 1839 she was
married to Robert Southey, whose mental faculties soor
after failed. She nursed him with patient devotion to
the end of his life. Died in 1854.

See " Blackwood's Magazine" for March, 1837.

Southey, (HENRY HERBERT, or THOMAS,) an Eng
lish medical writer, born about 1784, was a brother ol
the poet, Robert Southey. He was physician-in-ordinar
to George IV., and examiner of lunatics under the cour
of chancery. He wrote " On Pulmonary Consumption, 1
and other works. Died in June, 1865.

Southey, (ROBERT,) an eminent English author, was
born at Bristol on the 12th of August, 1774. He was
the son of a linen-draper, who failed in business and lef
him little or nothing. During his childhood he lived in
the house of his maiden aunt, Miss Tyler, an eccentri
lady, who often took him to the theatre before he was
seven years of age, but subjected him to a rigid disci
pline. He began to write verse before he was ten years
old, and was placed at Westminster School in 1788, will
the assistance of his mother's brother, the Rev. Herber
Hill. In 1792 he was expelled from Westminster fo
writing an essay against corporal punishment, which was

fruited in a school periodical called "The Flagellant,
iis political principles at this period were republica
or radical. He entered Balliol College, Oxford, in 1792
and there adopted Unitarian doctrines. In 1793 h
wrote " Wat Tyler," a drama, and "Joan of Arc," a

pic poem, which was first published in 1796. In Juna,

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 317 of 425)