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Jannabi See JANNABEE.

Jannabius. See JANNABEE.

Jannaris, (ANTHONY,) a Greek philologist, born
at Lakkoi, Crete, in 1852, nephew of the famous Cretan
chief Michel Jannaris. He was lecturer in Greek lit-
erature at Athens University in 1889, a leader in the
Cretan insurrection of 1889-90, and subsequently
wnrked six years in the British Museum, investigating
the history of the Greek language. He published
"Historical Greek Grammar," (1897,) and various
works on Greek philology.

Jannequin.zhin'kaN', (CLAUDE,) Sieurde Rochefort,
a French traveller, sailed for Africa in 1637, and, after
his return, published a " Voyage to Libya, to the King-
dom of Senegal, and the Banks of the Niger," etc., (1643.)

Jannequin, (CLEMENT.) See CLEMENT, (JACQUES.)

Jan'ney, (SAMUEL M.,) an American writer, born in



a, e, 1, 5, u, y, long; i, t, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, J, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; mgt; not; good; moon;



JANNICKE



JANSSENS



Loudon county, Virginia, January n, 1801. Both his
parents were members of the Society of Friends, or
Quakers ; and his mind appears to have been at an early
age deeply impressed with the truth and high importance
of the religious principles in which he was educated.
Besides some smaller works, he wrote " Conversations
on Religious Subjects," (1835;) "A Teacher's Gift,
consisting of Essays in Prose and Verse," (1840;) "An
Historical Sketch of the Christian Church during the
Middle Ages," (1847,) and two valuable biographies, viz.,
a "Life of William Penn," (1852,) and a "Life of George
Fox," (1855.) His last and most important publication
is a " History of the Religious Society of Friends from
its Rise to the Year 1828," (4 vols., 1867.) This work
treats, among other subjects, of the causes and events of
the separation which occurred in the Society in 1827-28.
The writer belonged to the anti-orthodox division of the
Quakers ; and, though not professing strict impartiality,
he evinced, in his treatment of this delicate and difficult
subject, great moderation, a scrupulous regard for the
facts of the case, and, on the whole, a liberal and kindly
spirit. He was a highly-esteemed minister of the So-
ciety of which he was a member. Early in 1869 he was
appointed by President Grant superintendent of Indian
affairs in the Northern Superintendency. Died April 30,
1880.

Jannicke, yen'nik-keh, QOHANN FRIEDRICH,) a Ger-
man author, born at Frankfort-on-the-Main, January 7,
1831. He became a prominent railway official. He
published " Hand-Book of Aquarelle-Painting," " Hand-
Book of Oil-Painting," " Principles of Ceramic Art,"
" Summary of the Literature of Ceramics," and other
works, partly on entomology.

Janozki, ya-nozh'kee, or Janotzkt yj-nots'kee,
sometimes written Janisck, (JOHN DANIEL,) a Polish
or Russian author, born at Viborg in 1720. He was
appointed superintendent of the Zaluski Library at
Warsaw. Among his works, which principally relate
to the literature of Poland, are " Letters on Criticism,"
"A Dictionary of the Living Authors of Poland," and
"Polish Literature of our Time." Died in 1786.

J.uisemiu. See JASMIN.

Jansen, jan'sen or yan'sen, or Jan-se'nl-us, [Dutch
pron. yan-sa'ne-us,] (CoRNELiS,) Bishop of Ypres, cele-
brated as the founder of the sect of Jansenists, born near
Leerdam, in Holland, in October, 1585. He pursued his
studies at Paris, and in 1617 was chosen professor of di-
vinity in the University of Louvain. About 1634 he bitterly
attacked the French government, in his " Mars Gallicus,"
for having formed a treaty of alliance with the Dutch Prot-
estants. This provoked the enmity of Cardinal Richelieu,
but obtained the favour of the King of Spain, who raised
Jansenius to the see of Ypres in 1635. His principal
production was entitled " Augustinus," (Louvain, 1640,)
m which he advocated the doctrines of Saint Augustine
in regard to the atonement, divine grace, free will, and
predestination. This work was finished a short time
previous to his death, in 1638, and by his will he referred
it to the judgment of the Holy See ; but his executors
published the book, and suppressed that part of the will
which related to it. The opinions which he advocated
were directly opposed to those advanced by the Jesuits,
who made great efforts to obtain a decision against them
by the pope. Finally the bishops of France reduced the
doctrines of Jansenius to five propositions for condemna-
tion, viz. : I. That there are divine precepts which good
men are unable to obey for want of God's grace, although
desirous to do so. 2. That no person can resist the in-
fluence of divine grace when bestowed. 3. That for
human actions to be meritorious, it is not requisite that
they should be exempt from necessity, but only from
constraint 4. That the Semi-Pelagians err grievously in
maintaining that the human will is endowed with power
of either receiving or resisting the aids and influences
of preventive grace. 5. That whoever maintains that
Jesus Christ made expiation by his sufferings and death
for the sins of all mankind is a Semi-Pelagian. Innocent
X. condemned the first four of these propositions as
simply heretical, but the last as rash, impious, and in-
jurious to the Supreme Being. Many bulls were also
issued by the succeeding popes, by which the Jansenists,



several of whom were among the most learned and emi-
nent ecclesiastics of France, were deprived of office and
declared to be heretics. Louis XIV., at the instigation
of his Jesuit confessor, ordered them to be persecuted
and their monastery at Port-Royal to be suppressed.
Notwithstanding these attempts to crush them, the Jan-
senists continued to increase, comprising among their
champions Pascal, Arnauld, Nicole, and many other
celebrated men.

See LKYDHCKHR, "Historia Jansenismi," 1695; BAYLB, "His-
torical and Critical Dictionary;" SAINTH-BKUVB, "Port- Royal,"
tomes i., ii. ; HEESBR, " Histonsch Verhaal van de Geboorte, Leven,
etc van C. Jansenius," 1727: "Nouvelle Biographic Ge"n&ale."

Janseu, yan'sen, (HENDRIK,) a noted writer and trans-
lator, born at the Plague in 1741. He fixed his residence
in Paris about 1770, where he became librarian to Tal-
leyrand. His works were chiefly of a historical and
philosophical character. Died in 1812.

Jansenius. See JANSEN.

Jansenius, yan-sa'ne-us, (CORNELIS,) a learned Flem-
ish ecclesiastic, born at Hulst in 1510. In 1568 he was
ordained first Bishop of Ghent. Of his works we may
mention " Concord of the Evangelists," and a " Para-
phrase on the Psalms." Died in 1576.

Jansenius, (JAKOB,) a Dutch scholar, born at Am-
sterdam in 1547, became in 1595 regius professor of the-
Sacred Scriptures at Louvain. Among his works are
Expositions of the Prophet Job, of the Psalms of David,
and of the Gospel of John. Died in 1625.

Janson, yan'son, (KRISTOFFER NAGEL,) a Norwegian
poet, born at Bergen, May 5, 1841. He published sev-
eral volumes of poetry and novels, including " Torgrim,"
(1862,) "Fraa Bygdom," (1865,) "Han og ho," (1868,)
and " Norske Digt," ( 1 867.) He wrote " Fra Dansketidi,"
(1875,) a novel, and other works, including the strongly
effective drama "A Woman's Fate," (1879.) In 1882
he became a Unitarian preacher, removed to the United
States in 1884, and returned to Norway in 1893.

Janson or Jenson, zh8N's6N', (NICOLAS,) a French
engraver, printer, and type-founder, settled in Venice
about 1470. He produced there a number of celebrated
editions between 1470 and 1480. He is called the in-
ventor of the Roman type now generally used. Died
about 1481.

Janssen, ylns'sen, or John'son, (CORNELIS,) a noted
artist, born in Amsterdam in 1590. In 1618 he visited
England, where he was employed by James I. to paint
the portraits of the royal family. He was also patronized
by the nobility. He possessed neither the freedom nor the
grace of Van Dyck, but in other respects was regarded as
his equal, and m finishing was considered even superior
to him. His carnations have been particularly admired ;
and his pictures yet retain their original lustre, in conse-
quence perhaps of the ultramarine which he used. Died
in 1665.

Janssen, ylns'sen, (JOHANNES,) MONSIGNOR, a Ger-
man priest and historian, born at Xanten, April 10, 1829.
He was educated at Louvain, Bonn, and Berlin, and in
1880 was made a prothonotary to the pope. Among his
numerous works is a " History of the German People,"
(1876; 3d vol., 1884,) written from the ultramontane
stand-point. Died December 23, 1891.

Janssen, (PETER,) a German historical and por-
trait-painter, born in 1844. He became director of
the Academy at Diisseldorf in 1895.

Janssen, (PIERRE JULES CESAR,) a French as-
tronomer and physicist, born at Paris, February 22,
1824. He held professorships in the Lycee Charle-
magne and the Ecole speciale d'Architecture, and in
1875 was appointed director of the observatory at
Meudon. In 1892 he founded a meteorological ob-
servatory at the top of Mont Blanc.

Janssens, ylns'sens,(ABRAHAM,) a celebrated painter,
born at Antwerp in 1569. His designs were elegant and
spirited. He was a good colorist, and a rival of Rubens.
He excelled in painting subjects illuminated by torches,
where the brilliant light and deepest shade were placed
in a striking contrast. His most important works are
the " Resurrection of Lazarus," and a " Descent from the
Cross." Died at Antwerp in 1631.



as/&; gass; ghard; gas/; G, H, ^giMural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sasz; th as in this. (JE^="See Explanations, p. 23.)



JANSSENS



1372



JARRIGE



Jans'sens, (Dutch pron. yans'sens,) (FRANCIS,) D.D.,
a Roman Catholic bishop, born at Tilburg, Netherlands,
October 17, 1843. He was educated at the American
College, Louvain, was ordained a Catholic priest in 1867,
and came to America in 1868. He was appointed Vicar-
General of Richmond, Va., in 1872, Bishop of Natchezin
iSSi.and Archbishop of Louisiana in iSSS. Died in 1897.

Janssena, (JAN WILLEM,) a distinguished Dutch
general, born at Nymwegen in 1762. In 1802 ha was
appointed governor and general-in-chief of the colony of
the Cape of Good Hope, where he was defeated by the
English, who took possession of that country in 1806.
After the abdication of Louis Bonaparte, under whom
he had held the office of minister of war, Napoleon made
him Governor-General of Holland and the East Indies.
In this capacity he bravely defended Batavia against the
Englishjn iSn, but was finally obliged to surrender.
Died in 1835.

Janssens, (VICTOR HONORIUS,) a noted Flemish
painter, born at Brussels in 1664. He studied in Rome
the works of Raphael, selected Albano for his model,
and excelled all his contemporaries in that style. At
the expiration of eleven years he returned to Brussels,
where he painted numerous large pictures for palaces
and churches. Died in 1739.

Janazopn. See KOSTER.

Januario. See JANUARIUS.

Jan-u-a'rI-us, [Fr. JANVIER, zhdN've-4'; It. JANUA-
RIO, ya-noo-a're-o,] SAINT, Bishop of l^enevento, was
beheaded during the persecution of Diocletian, about
305. A cathedral was erected over his grave at Naples,
where it is believed that his blood exerts great power in
checking the eruptions of Vesuvius.

Ja'nus, an ancient Latin deity, represented with two
faces. He was regarded as the opener of the day and
as having charge of the gates of heaven. He seems to
have presided over the commencement of enterprises.
The word Janua (" gate") is said by some to have been
derived from him ; also the name of the month January.
The temple of Janus Quirinus at Rome was kept open
in time of war and closed during peace. It has been
conjectured by some scholars that the name and attri-
butes of Janus may be traced to Ganesa, (or Ganesha,)
the Hindoo deity of prudence and circumspection, who,
among his other offices, had those of presiding over the
commencement of undertakings, guarding gates and
doors, etc.

See GUJGNIAUT, " Religions de 1'Antiquite 1 ," Paris, 1825-29, vol.
ii. book v. sect 2, chap. iii. ; KEIGHTLBY, " Mythology."

Janvier. See JANUARIUS.

Janvier, zhoN've-4', (ANTIDE,) an ingenious and cele-
brated horologist, was born at Saint-Claude, in France,
in 1751. He invented numerous improvements for
watches and for different kinds of astronomical appa-
ratus. In 1784 he became watchmaker to the king.
Died in 1835.

Janvier, (Dom RENE AMBROISE,) a learned French
monk, born in 1614. He made a Latin translation of
the " Rabbi David Kimchi's Hebrew Commentary on
the Psalms." Died in 1682.

Janvier, (THOMAS ALLIBONE,) an American
author, born at Philadelphia in 1849. He has pub-
lished "Stories of Old New Spain," "The Aztec
Treasure House," "The Uncle of an Angel," etc.

His sister, MARGARET THOMSON JANVIER (pen-
name Margaret Vandergrift,) has published a num-
ber of juvenile stories and " A Dead Doll and Other
Verses."

Japet See IAPETUS.

Japetus. See IAPETUS.

Ja'pheth, [Heb. n3\] a patriarch, one of the three
sons of Noah, and the supposed ancestor of the Cauca-
sian race. (See IAPETUS.)

See Genesis vi, vii., be.

Japix, Japicx, or Japiks, yj'piks, (GvsBERT,) a
celebrated Frisian poet, born at Bolsward in 1603. But
few incidents in his early life are known. Japix was the
first, and in fact the only, writer in Frisian of any note of
that period, or as late as 1763, as we are told by Bos-
well. Died in 1776.



Japp, jSp, (ALEXANDER HAY,) LL.D., a Scottish
author, known by the pseudonym of H. A. PAGE. He
was born at Dun, near Montrose, in 1839, and graduated
at the University of Edinburgh. He was editor of the
" Sunday Magazine." His works include " Lives" of
Hawthorne, (1870,) De Quincey, (1877,) and Thoreau,
(1878,) " Golden Lives,"(i87i.) " Noble Workers,"(i873,)
"German Life and Literature," "De Quincey Me-
morials," (1891,) " Hours inMyGarden, "(1893, )etc.

Jaquelot See JACQUELOT.

Jaquotpt, zht'ko'to', (MARIE VICTOIRE,) a skilful
French painter on porcelain, born in Paris in 1778. She
copied several works of Raphael on porcelain, and
painted the dessert-service presented by Napoleon I. to
the Czar of Russia after the peace of Tilsit. Died in 1855.

Jarchi, zhaVshe', (SOLOMON BEN ISAAC,) sometimes
called Raschi, a distinguished Jewish writer, born at
Troyes, in France, about 1040. After finishing his edu-
cation at the Jewish Academy in that city, he travelled
through Egypt, Western Asia, Greece, Russia, and Ger-
many. On his return to France he wrote Annotations
on the Five Books of Moses, the Mishna, and the Gemara,
These works obtained a high reputation, and procured
for the author the title of " Prince of Commentators."
Died in 1105.

Jardin or Jardyn. See Du JARDIN.

Jar' dine, (GEORGE,) born in Lanarkshire, Scotland,
in 1742, was professor of logic in the University of Glas-
gow from 1774 to 1824, and made improvements in tha
mode of teaching. He published "Outlines of Philo-
sophical Education," (18:8.) Died in 1827.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen ;"
"Monthly Review" for July, 1819.

Jardine, (Sir WILLIAM,) a Scottish naturalist, born
in Edinburgh about 1800. He studied botany, orni-
thology, etc. He published, besides other works, " Illus-
trations of Ornithology," (3 vols., 1829-45.) He was
one of the authors of the "Naturalist's Library," (40
vols., 1833-43,) and joint editor of the "Edinburgh Phi-
losophical Journal." Died November 21, 1874.

Jardinier, zhtR'de'ne-i', (CLAUDE DONAT,) a French
engraver, born in Paris in~f 726. Among his works is the
" Virgin and the Infant Jesus," from C. Maratta. Died

in 1774-

Jardins, des, da zhtR'daN', (MARIE CATHERINE,)
MADAME DE VILLEDIEU, a talented and profligate French
authoress, was born in 1640. She removed to Paris,
where she supported herself by writing romances and
dramas. Her works were quite successful, and, not-
withstanding her very exceptionable conduct, she was
much courted by persons of distinction. Her active
and vivid imagination produced a new era in French
romances, changing their old and tedious style into that
of the modern novel. Died in 1683.

Jard-Fanvillier, zhiR'pfiN've'ye-i', (Louis ALEX-
ANDRE,) a French politician, born near Niort in 1757.
In 1792 he was elected to the National Convention,
where he distinguished himself by his bold defence of
the king. Napoleon created him baron of the empire
and president of the court of exchequer. Died in 1822.

Jardyn or Jardin, (KAREL DE.) See DUJARDIN.

Jarnac, de, dehzhjR'ntk', (Gui CHABOT,) SEIGNEUR,
a French soldier, who in 1547 killed La Chateigneraye
in a duel which was fought in the presence of King Henry
II. Died about 1560.

See TAVANNES, " Me'moires ;" BRANTOME, "Me'moires," tomeiii.

Jainowich, yaR'no-vik', or Giornovichi, joR-no-
veeTcee, (GIOVANNI MARIA,) a celebrated and eccentric
violinist, born at Palermo, Sicily, in 1745. He spent
several years in France, Prussia, and England. He sub-
sequently visited Saint Petersburg, where he died in 1804.

Jaroslaf. See YAROSLAF.

Jar'rett, (THOMAS,) an English philologist and cler-
gyman, born in I So;, graduated at Cambridge in 1827.
He published " A New Hebrew Lexicon," " A Sketch
of Sanscrit Grammar," (1875,) etc - Died March 7, 1882.

Jarrige, zhi'rezh', (PIERRE,) a French Jesuit, born at
Tulle in 1605. He embraced Protestantism, and wrote
a work against the society of which he had been a mem-
ber, entitled "The Jesuits upon the Scaffold ;" but sub-



a, e. I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, jf, short; a, e, j, 9, obscure; far, fill, fat; m?t; not; good; moon;



fARRY



1373



JAUCOURT



sequently he was reconciled to them, and published a
refutation of his previous work. Died in 1660.

Jarry, zhi're', (NICOLAS,) a French calligraphist, born
in Paris about 1620, was famous for the beauty of his
penmanship.

Jarry, du, dii zht're', (LAURENT JuUhard zhii-e'-
yaV,) a celebrated ecclesiastic, poet, and orator, born
near Saintes, in France, about 1658. He went to Paris,
where he was patronized by Bossuet and the Due de
Montausier. In 1714 he gained a poetical prize at the
French Academy over Voltaire and other competitors.
He wrote "The Evangelical Ministry, or Reflections
upon the Eloquence of the Pulpit," (1726,) "Poems,
Christian, Heroic, and Moral," and several other works.
Died in 1730.

See MoKiRi, " Dictionnaire Historique."

Jars, zhiR, (GABRIEL,) a distinguished mineralogist,
and member of the French Academy of Sciences, born



same purpose. He died in 1 769, leaving manuscripts from
which his brother compiled "Observations upon a Great
Number of Gold and Silver Mines," (3 vols., 1774-81.)
See QUBRARD, "La France Litte'raire."

Jars, de, deh zhtR, (FRANgois DE Rochechouart
rosh'shoo-f R',) CHEVALIER, a French officer and cour-
tier. He was arrested by Cardinal Richelieu in 1632,
because he refused to give evidence in the prosecution
of his friend Chateauneuf, keeper of the seals. After
an imprisonment of eleven months in the Bastille, and
twenty-four examinations, during which nothing could
be extorted from him that would criminate Chateauneuf,
he was convicted on false evidence and sentenced to
death. A reprieve, however, arrived from the king after
Jars had placed his head upon the block. He obtained
his liberty after a long imprisonment Died in 1670.

See RICHELIEU, "Memoires."

Jar'ves, (JAMES JACKSON,) a writer and traveller, born
in Boston, Massachusetts, in 1818. He produced, besides
other works, a " History of the Hawaiian or Sandwich
Islands," (1843,) "Scenes and Scenery in the Sandwich
Islands, "(1844,) "Art Hints," (1855,) afterwards enlarged
and republished as " Art Studies," " The Art Idea, Sculp-
ture, Painting, and Architecture in America," (1865,)
" Art Thoughts," (1869,) and " Italian Rambles," (1883.)
Died in Switzerland in 1888.

Jar'vis, (ABRAHAM,) D.D., Bishop of the Protestant
Episcopal Church, was born at Norwalk, in Connecticut,
m !739- He graduated at Yale in 1761, and became
Bishop of Connecticut in 1797. Died in 1813.

Jarvis, (EDWARD,) M.D., an American statistician,
born at Concord, Massachusetts, January 9, 1803. He
graduated at Harvard College in 1826, and took his pro-
fessional degree at the Massachusetts Medical School in
1830. Among his works are " Practical Physiology,"
(1848,) "Primary Physiology," (1849,) and other school-
books on physiology and health, besides a large number
of reports, memorials, tables, and other papers regarding
public health, mortality-rates, education, longevity, in-
crement of population, insanity, and other matters per-
taining to state medicine. Died October 31, 1884.

Jar'vis, (JOHN,) an artist, born in Dublin about 1749,
had a great reputation for his paintings on glass and his
exquisite manner of finishing single subjects. Among
his principal works is the west window of New College
Chapel, Oxford, from a design of Sir Joshua Reynolds.
Died in 1804.

Jarvis, (JOHN WESLEY,) a distinguished artist, born
in the north of England in 1780, came at an early age to
New York, where he gained a high reputation by his
portraits. He was also noted for his eccentricities and
genial humour. Died January 12, 1840.

See DUNLAF, "Rise and Progress of the Arts of Design in
America;" TUCKBRMAN, " Book of the Artists. M

Jarvis, (SAMUEL FARMER,) D.D., LL.D., an Ameri-
can clergyman and author, son of Bishop Jarvis, was
born in Middletown, Connecticut, in 1786. He graduated
at Yale in 1805, and was for some time professor of
Oriental literature in Washington (now Trinity) College



at Hartford, and from 1837 to 1842 was rector of Christ
Church in his native town. He wrote " A Chronological
Introduction to the History of the Church," etc., (1845,)
and " The Church of the Redeemed ; or, The History
of the Mediatorial Kingdom," (1850.) Died in 1851.

Jasikov or Ja2Jkov. See YAZIKOF.

Jasmin, zhis'maN', or Jansemin, zhSNSs'maN',
(JACQUES or JAQUOU,) the "Barber Poet of Agen," born
at that town in 1798. His poems, which are written
in the Proven9al patois, enjoy the highest popularity in
France, and display great powers of humour and pathos,
with a charming simplicity of diction. Among the most
admired are "The Curl-Papers," ("Los Papillotos,")
and "The Blind Girl of Castel-Cnillc*," ("L'Abuglo de
Castel-Cuille'.") The latter has been translated into
English by Longfellow. Died in 1864.

See SAINTE-BEUVE, "Causeries du Lundi;" " Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Generate ;" " Foreign Quarterly Review" for October, 1849.

Ja'son, [Gr. 'laowv,] a semi-fabulous Greek hero, cele-
brated as the leader of the Argonautic expedition, which
was supposed to have occurred before the siege of Troy.
The Argonauts went to Colchis to fetch a golden fleece
which was guarded by a dragon. Jason succeeded in
this enterprise by the aid of Medea, a sorceress, whom
he married. (See MEDEA.)

Jason, tyrant of Pheras, and chief magistrate of Thes-
saly, was ambitious and enterprising. He obtained
control of Thessaly in 374 B.C., and aspired to be master
of all Greece. He was assassinated in 369 B.C.

Jas'per, (\\'ILLIAM,) (known in history as SERGEANT
JASPER,) a brave soldier of the American Revolution,
born in South Carolina about 1750. When the American
flag was shot away in the attack on Fort Moultrie, June
28, 1776, he leaped outside the walls of the fort, amidst
a perfect storm of cannon-shot, replaced the flag, and
returned to his post without injury. For this gallant
service Governor Rutledge presented to him his own
sword. He afterwards served with distinction under
Marion, and was killed at Savannah in October, 1779-

Jastrow, yis'trov, (MARCUS MORDECAI,) Ph.D., a
Jewish scholar, born at Rogasen, Prussian Poland, June
5, 1829. He studied at Posen, Berlin, and Halle, grad-
uating at the latter university in 1856, was preacher at
Warsaw, 1858-62, and rabbi at Mannheim, Warsaw, and
Worms, 1862-66, in which year he removed to the United
States and became a rabbi in Philadelphia. His prin-
cipal works are " Lectures," in Polish, (1862,) "Jewish
Laws," in Polish, (1859,) "Four Hundred Years of Jew-
ish History," (1865,) " Episodes of Jewish History," and
a "Complete Talmudic Dictionary," a colossal work.
not yet finished,

Jaszay, ya'si, (PAUL, or PAL,) a Hungarian historian,
born at Szant6 in 1809. He became a secretary to the
Batthyanyi ministry, and died in 1852. He wrote two
valuable histories, "The History of the Hungarian
People after the Battle of Mohacs," (1846, incomplete,)
and " History of the Hungarian People from the Oldest
Times to the Publication of the Golden Bull," (1855.)

Jaubert, zhoTjaiR', (FRANC.OIS,) COMTE, a French
lawyer, born at Condom in 1758. In 1804 he became


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 32 of 425)