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scius,] (SiMON,)a Polish historian and biographer, born
in 1585. He wrote numerous works on Polish history.
Died in 1656.

Star'ter, (JAN JANSSF.N,) a Dutch poet, born in Eng-
land in 1594. He removed to Amsterdam when twelve
years old. In 1614 he went to Leeuwarden, and pub-
lished in 1618 the tragi-comedies ''Timbre de Cardone"
and " Daraida." His chief work is the "Friesche Lusthof,"
("Frisian Pleasure-House,") an exquisite collection of
lyrics. 1 Ie is supposed to have died a soldier in Germany
after 1625.

Stas'a-nor, [Gr. Era/*ai>op,] an officer of Alexander
the Great, was born in Cyprus. He was Satrap of
Drangiana during Alexander's campaign in India, and
in 32 1 B.C. became Governor of Bactriana and Sogdiana.

Sta-si'nus [Srao-h-oc] OF CYPRUS, a Greek epic poet,
who lived about 700 B.C., or earlier. He is supposed to
have been the author of a poem entitled " Cypria, 1 '
(Ki'a/KO,) which was one of the poems of the epic cycle
relating to the Trojan war, and was ascribed to Homer
by some ancient critics.

Stassart, de, deh stS'saV or stis'sart, (Goswix JO-
SEPH AUGUSTIN,) BARON, a Belgian litterateur and sen-
ator, born at Mechlin in 1780. lie became Governor of
Brabant in 1834, and was a member of the senate from
1831101847. He wrote various works. Died in 1854.

See " Notice sur M. Ie Baron de Stassart," Brussels, 1852.

Stassart, de, (JACQUES JOSEPH,) BARON, a Belgian
judge and statesman, born at Charleroi in 1711, was a
grandfather of the preceding. Died in iSot.

Staszyc, sti'shlts, (XAVIER STANISLAS,) a Polish
philanthropist and miscellaneous writer, born at Pila in
1755. He studied at Leipsic and Gbttingen, and after-
wirds visited Paris, where he made the acquaintance of



D'Alembert and Buffon, whose ' Epochs of Nature" he
translated into Polish. Among his principal works are
his- "Geography of the Carpathian Mountains," " The
Political Balance of Europe," and " Statistics of Poland."
lie died in 1806, leaving large bequests to various chari-
table and educational institutions.

Sta-ti'ra, (Gr. rurpa,| a Persian lady, celebrated
for her beauty, was the wife of Darius Codomannus.
She was taken prisoner at the battle of Issus, 333 B.C.,
and treated with much courtesy by Alexander. i>hc
died about 331 n.C.

Statius, (ACHILLES.) See EsTAgo.

Statius, sta'shejis, |Fr. STACK, stSss.l (PunLtus
PAPINIUS,) a Roman poet, born at Naples about 60 A.I).,
was a son of an eminent grammarian of the same names.
He wrote a heroic poem entitled "Thebais," (" Thcbaid,"
in 12 books,) "Sylvac," a collection of poems on various
subjects, and " Achilleis,"an unfinished epic poem. II is
poems were received by his contemporaries with warm
applause, to which Juvenal refers in his Satire VII.
Modern critics prefer his "Sylva;" to the "Thebaid,"
which is deficient in creative energy. Died about 100 A.u.

See " Nouvelle UioRraphie Ge'neralt."

Sta'tor, \i.e. "he who stops or stays,"] a surname
given to Jupiter by the Romans, because he stopped or
stayed them when they were retreating from the Sabines,
Romulus erected a temple to Jupiter Stator at Rome.

Staudenmaier, slow'den-mT'er, ( FRANZ ANTON,)
German theologian and philosopher, born at Danzdorf,
in Wiirtemberg, in 1800, was a Roman Catholic priest.
He became professor of theology at Giessen about 1830.
He published, besides other works, "The Spirit of
Christianity," (1835,) and a systematic treatise on the-
ology, entitled "Die Christliche Dogmatik," (4 vols.,
1844-52.) Died in 1856.

Staudigel, stow'de-gel, or Staudigl, (Ui.Ricii,) a
learned German monk, born at L.andsuerg in 1644. He
wrote, besides other works, "Logica Practica," (1686.)
Died in 1720.

Staudlin or Staeudlin, stoid-leen', (KARL FRIF.D-
RICH,) a German Protestant theologian, born at Stutt-
gart in 1761, became professor at Gottingcn in 1790. He
published numerous works on religion, morals, and
ecclesiastical history. Died in 1826.

Staughton, staw'ton, (WILLIAM,) D.D., a Baptist
divine and popular preacher, born in Warwickshire,
England, in 1770. Having emigrated to America, he
became in 1805 pastor of the First Baptist Church at
Philadelphia, and in 1823 was appointed president of
Columbian College, Washington. Died in 1829.

Staun'ford or Stan'ford, (Sir WILLIAM.) an Eng-
lish lawyer, born at Hadley in 1509. He became a judje
of common pleas in 1554, and wrote " Placita Corona."
Died in 1558.

Staun'ton, (Sir GEORGE LEONARD,) a distinguished
diplomatist and writer, born at Cargin, in Ireland, in
1737. Having studied medicine at Montpellier, he re-
sided for some years at Granada, in the West Indies,
where he acquired the friendship of Lord Macartney,
Governor of the island. lie accompanied that nuble-
man, who had been appointed Governor of Madras, as
his secretary, and while in India negotiated a treaty of
peace with Tippoo Sultan, (1784,) and was employed in
other important missions. In 1792 Lord Macartney and
Sir George were sent on an embassy to the court of
Peking. lie published "An Authentic Account of an
Embassy from the King of Great Britain to the Emperor
of China," which is still regarded as a standard work.
Died in 1801.

See "Memoirs of the Life of Sir G. L. Staunton." 1823, by
G. T. STAUNTON; "Monthly Review" for September, October, and
November, 1797.

Staunton, (Sir GEORGE THOMAS,) son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Salisbury in 1781. In 1816 he
accompanied Lord Amherst on his embassy to China,
where he devoted himself to the study of the Chinese
language. He published " Miscellaneous Notices re-
lating to China," etc., (1822,) and translated the criminal
code of China into English'. Died in 1859.

Staunton, (HOWARD,) an English Shakspeari.in
scholar and writer on chess, born in 1810. His edition



as k ; c as $ ; g hard; g as// G, H, K, guttural '; N, nasal; R, trilleJ; s as z; th as in this. (D^T'Sce Explanations, p. 23. )



STAUNTON



2240



STEENIVYK



of Shakspeare is a valuable one. He also published
various works on chess. Died in London, June 22, 1874.

Staunton, (WILLIAM,) D.D., an Episcopalian divine
and author, born at Chester, England, April 30, 1803.
He came in youth to the United States, and was ordained
in 1833. His publications include a " Dictionary of the
Church," (1844,) an " Ecclesiastical Dictionary," (1861.)
and various musical works. Died September 29, 1889.

Staupitius. See STAUPITZ.

Staupitz, stow'pits, |Lat. STAUPI'TTOS,] (JOHN,) cel-
ebrated as the friend and patron of Luther, was vicar-
general of the order of the Augustines in Germany. He
was the author of Latin treatises "On the Love of
God" and "On Christian Faith." Died in 1524.

See ARNOtn, *' Ket7er-Historie;" GEUDER, "Vila J. Slaupitii,"
1837 : L. W. GRIMM, "Disserlalio de J. Staupitio," 1837.

Stavely, stav'le, (THOMAS,) an English antiquary
and lawyer, wrote a " History of Churches in England,
(1712.) Died in 1683.

Stavenow, sta'veh-no, (BERNHARD,) a German au-
thor, born at Brandenburg, September zo, 1849. He
was educated at Kerlin University, served in the French
war and in 1870 was badly wounded, became a railway
engineer, and in 1874 editor of a humorous paper at
Berlin. Besides several plays, (" Der Herr Studiosus,"
"Marianne," etc.,) he published many novels, poems,
etc. Among his books are " Aus alien Kreisen" (1878)
and " Schbne Geister," (1881.)

Stay, sti, (BENEDETTO,) a Latin poet, born at Ra-
gusa in 1714, was a priest. He wrote poems on natural
philosophy, entitled "Modem Philosophy," (" Philoso-
phia recentior," 3 vols., 1655-92,) and "Philosophy in
Verse," ("Philosophia Versibus tradita," 1744.) Died
in 1801.

Stayner. See STAINER.

Stead, (WILLIAM THOMAS,) an English writer,
was born at Embleton in 1849. He became an editor,
and in 1890 founded the " Review of Reviews," which
was followed by similar periodicals in the United
States and Australia. His writings are cf a radical
and sensational character, such as "If Christ came to
Chicago," (1893.) " Borderland" advocates the truth
of spiritualism.

StearnS, (JOHN WILLIAM,) an American educator,
born at Sturbridge, Massachusetts, in 1840. He gradu-
ated at Harvard in 1860, was appointed professor of Latin
in the University of Chicago in 1865, and in 1874 became
director of the National Normal School at Tucuman, in
the Argentine Republic. In 1878 he was elected presi
dent of the State Normal College, at Whitewater, Wis
consin.

Stebbing, (HENRY,) an English clergyman, born
about 1800. He published " Lives of the Italian Poets,"
(3 vols., 1831,) a " History of the Christian Church," (2
vols., 1833-34,) a " History of the Reformation," (2 vols.,
1836,) and other works. He became rector of Sainl
Mary Somerset in 1857. Died September 22, 1883.

Sted'man, (EDMUND CLARENCE,) an American poet
born at Hartford, Connecticut, October 8, 1833. He
studied at Yale College, was engaged in journalism
1852-64, and afterwards became a banker. Among his
works are "Poems, Lyric and Idyllic," (1860,) "The
Prince's Ball," (1860,) "The Battle of Bull Run,"(i86l,
"Alice of Monmouth,"(i864,) "The Blameless Prince,'
(1869,) "Rip Van Winkle and his Wonderful Nap,'
(1870,) " The Victorian Poets," (1875,) " Lyrics an(
Idylls," (1879,) " Poets of America," (1886,) " Na
ture of Poetry," (1892,) "Victorian Anthology,'
(1896,) etc. He was joint editor of the "Library
of American Literature."

Steed'mau, (JAMES B.,) an American general
born in Union county, Pennsylvania, about 1820. Hi
became a brigadier-general in the summer of 1862
served at the battle of Chickamauga, September
1863, and commanded a corps at the battle of Nash
ville, December 15 and 16, 1864. Died October 18
1883.

Steel, (FLORA ANNIE,) an English author, born
(Webster) at Harrow in 1847. She lived in India



867-89, and is the author of tales and novels of In-
.ian life, including the popular "On the Face of the
Vaters," (1896.)

Steele, (ANNE,) an English hymn-writer, born al
iroughton, Hants, in 1716. She wrote many hymns
vhich are still in use. She was unmarried, and was of
he Baptist faith. Her poems, other than the hymns,
lave merit, but are now very little read. Her style is
much like that of Watts. Died in November, 1778.

Steele, (FREDERICK,) an American general, born at
Delhi, New York, graduated at West Point in 1843.
-Ie commanded a division of the army which assaulted
Vicksburg, May 22, 1863. He took Little Rock on the
)th or loth of September. In March, 1864, he moved
lis army from Little Rock towards Shreveport, designing
o co-operate with General Banks ; but that design was
rustrated. Died January 12, 1868.

Steele, (Sir RICHARD,) a popular essayist and dram-
atist, was born in Dublin in 1671. lie was educated
at Merton College, and became in early life a friend of
Addison, Afier
^uards. He
and a comedy called '

1702.) His comedy of "The Tender Husband" was
performed in 1703. In 1709 he began to publish, under
he assumed name of "Isaac BickerstafT," " The Taller,"
a series of periodical essays, to which Addison was a
'requent contributor. The "Taller" was issued threj
:imes a week, with great success, until January, 1711.
[n politics Steele was a zealous Whig. Steele and Ad-
dison were associated as editors of the "Spectator,"
which was published daily from March I, 1711, to De-
cember 6, 1712. They afterwards produced another
series of essays, under the title of "The Guardian,"
[1713.) Steele was elected to Parliament in 1713, and
expelled in 1713 or 1714 for writing "The Crisis," a
political pamphlet. He was appointed surveyor of the
royal stables in 1715, and commissioner of forfeited
estales in Scotland. In 1722 he produced a successful
comedy called "The Conscious Lovers." He involved
himself in debt and trouble by his improvidence and
expensive habits. "He was," says Mrs. Barbauld, "a
character vibrating between virtue and vice." He was
a sprightly and genial writer, rather negligent in style.
Died in 1729.



onege, ana oecame in eariy me a inenu 01

fier he left college he was an ensign in the

produced "The Christian Hero" in 1701,

y called " The Funeral, or Grief a la Mode,"




wood's Magazine" for June, i8t>6; ALUOONE, "Dictionary of Au-

Steell, (Sir JOHN,) a Scottish sculptor, born at
Aberdeen in 1804. Among his works are a marble
statue of Sir Walter Scott and a bronze equestrian
statue of the Duke of Wellington at Edinburgh. He
was knighted in 1876 for his statue of Prince Albert.
Died in 1891.

Steen, stan, (JAN,) an eminent Dutch painter, born
at Leyden in 1636. He was a pupil of Brouwer, and
subsequently of Van Goyen, whose daughter he married.
Many of his master-pieces are tavern-scenes, which he
represented with unrivalled fidelity, and with which his
occupation as landlord made him familiar. He died
in 1689, in extreme poverty, caused by his dissipated
habits.

See VAN WESTRHEKNEN. "Jan Steen," 1856.

Steen, van den, (CORNELIS.) See LAPIDE.

Steenbock, (MAGNUS,) COUNT. See STENBOCK.

Steenstrup, stan'slrup, (JOHANN JAPHET SMITH,) a
Danish naturalist, born at Vang in 1813. He published
several works. Died in 1897.

Steenwyk or Steenwijk, stan'wfk, (IlENDRnc,)
THE ELDER, a celebrated Flemish painter, born at Steen-
wyk in 1550. He was a pupil of De Vrics. His inte-
riors of Gothic churches are exceedingly admired for
the perfect disposition of light and shade and the know-
ledge of chiaroscuro which they display. Died in 1604.

Steenwyk, (HENDRIK,) THE YOUNGER, a son of the
preceding, was born about 1588. He was instructed in
painting by his father, and, like him, excelled in archi-
leclural views and interiors of churches and palaces.
He was introduced by his friend Van Dyck to the court



9-, e, 1, 6, ii, y, long; a, t, o, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, ii, J, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; fir, fall, fit; met; not; good: mCon;



STEEXS



2241



STEIN LA



of England, where he was extensively patronized. His
wife was also celebrated as a painter. Died after 1642.

Steers, (GEORGE,) an American naval constructor,
born in 1821. He built the famous yacht America, the
steam-packet Adriatic, and the United States steam-
frigate Niagara. He died on Long Island in 1856.

Stee'vens, (GEORGE,) an English critic, born at
Stepney in 1736. He published in 1766 "Twenty of
the Plays of Shakspeare, being the Whole Number
printed in Quarto during his Lifetime," etc. He was
afterwards associated with Dr. Johnson in preparing an
edition of Shakspeare, which came out in 1773. He
was also a contributor to Nichols's " Biographical Anec-
dotes of Hogarth" and the " Biographia Dramatica."
Died in 1800.

See the " Monthly Review" for January, 1780.

Steevens, (GEORGE WARRINGTON,) an English
journalist, born in 1869. He was on the editorial staff
of the "Pall Mall Gazette" 1893, an d f tne "Daily
Mail" 1897. He wrote "Monologues of the Dead,"
(1896,) "With Kitchener to Khartoum," (1898,)
"The Tragedy of Dreyfus," (1899.) He went to
South Africa as a correspondent, and died at Lady-
smith, January 16, 1900.

Stefaneschi, steTa-neVkee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,;
a Florentine historical painter, born in 1582; died in
1659-

Stefani, de, da steT'a-nee or sta'fa-nee, (TOMMASO,)
one of the earliest Neapolitan painters, was born about
1230. None of his works have been preserved.

Stefano, steT J-no, an Italian painter, surnamed Flo-
RENTINO, born at Florence in 1301, was a grandson and
pupil of Giotto. He is said to have been the first artist
who attempted foreshortening. Died in 1350.

Stefano, di, dee stSf'a-no, (TOMMASO,) an Italian
painter, surnamed GIOTTINO, born in 1324, is supposed
to have been a son of the preceding. His style strongly
resembles that of Giotto. Died in 1356.

SteSani, stef'fj-nee, (AGOSTINO,) a celebrated Italian
composer, born at Castel-Franco about 1650. He was
patronized by the Duke of Brunswick, father of George
I. of England, who appointed him manager of the Opera
in Hanover. He composed operas, madrigals, and duets.
The last-named are esteemed master-pieces of their
kind. Died in 1729.

Steffens, stef'fens, (HEINRICH,) an eminent Norwe-
gian writer and philosopher, born at Stavanger in 1773.
He studied at the University of Copenhagen, and after-
wards visited Jena, where he became an earnest advo-
cate of the doctrines of Schelling, who intrusted him
with the revision of his works on natural philosophy.
While on a visit to Freiberg, he acquired the friend-
ship of Werner, and wrote his " Geognostic-Geological
Essays," which in 1819 he expanded into a "Manual
of Oryctognosy," (" Handbuch der Oryktognosie.") In
1804 he was offered a professorship at Halle, where he
soon after embraced the cause of the patriots in their
resistance to French domination, and entered the Prus-
sian army as a volunteer. On his return, in 1813, he
became professor of physics and natural history at Bres-
lau, and in 1831 filled the same chair at Berlin. He
wrote a number of theological works, and also several
novels of a high character, entitled "The Four Norwe-
gians," ( " Die vier Norweger," 6 vols.,) " The Fami-
lies of Walseth and Leith," (3 vols.,) and " Malcolm."
They contain fine delineations of Norwegian character
and manners and beautiful descriptive passages, and
are imbued with deep religious feeling. Died in 1845.

See his Memoirs, called "What I have seen, "(or "experienced,"}
("Was ich erlebte,") 10 vols., 1840-44; H. GELZER, " Zur Erinne-
nmg an H. Steffens," 1845; " Nouvelle Biographic GfaeYale;"
" Foreign Quarterly Review" for April, 1843 ; " North American
Review" for October, 1843.

Stefonio, sti-fo'ne-o, (BERNARDINO,) an Italian
Jesuit and Latin poet, born in the Papal States in 1560.
He was the author of tragedies, orations, and epistles.
Died in 1620.

Steibelt, sti'be'lt, (DANIEL,) a celebrated German
pianist and composer for the piano, was born at Berlin



in 1756. He was patronized by Frederick the Great,
and became imperial chapel -master at Saint Petersburg.
Died in 1823.

Steigentesch, sti'gen-te'sh', (AUGUST,) BARON, a
Herman dramatist, born at Hildesheim in 1774; died
in 1826.

Stein, stln, (CHRISTIAN GOTTFRIED DANIEL,) a Ger-
man geographer, born at Leipsic in 1771, published a
"Manual of Geography and Statistics," (1809,) and
other works of the kind. Died in 1830.

Stein, (JOHANN ANDREAS,) a German organist and
maker of musical instruments, born in the Palatinate in
1728 ; died in 1792. He was the founder of German
piano-forte making. He left two sons, MATTHAUS
ANDREAS, (born 1776, died 1842,) and FRIEDRICH, (born
1784, died 1809.) Matthaus was a piano-forte maker,
and Friedrich an excellent performer. Their sister,
Mme. MARIA ANNA STREICHER, (1769-1835,) known as
NANETTE STREICHER, was an able pianist. KARL AN-
DREAS STEIN, (1797-1863,) a son of Matthaus, was a
famous piano-maker of Vienna. Others of the Stein and
Streicher families are noted, some as pianists, and others
as piano-makers.

Stein, von, fon sfin, (CHARLOTTE ALBERTINE ER-
NESTINE,) BARONESS, a German writer, born at Weimar,
December 25, 1742. She married Friedrich, Baron von
Stein, master of the horse at Weimar, in 1764, but in
1775 s he became a close associate of the poet Goethe.
This relation lasted till 1788, when he met Christians
Vulpius. Her correspondence with him and with Schil-
ler's wife is of considerable literary value. She wrote
" Dido," a tragedy. Died at Weimar, January 6, 1827.

Stein, von, fon stln, (HEINRICH FRIEDRICH KARL,)
BARON, a celebrated Prussian statesman, born at Nassau
in October, 1757. He studied law at Gbttingen, and
entered the service of Prussia in 1778 as director of
mines. In 1786 he visited England, the institutions of
which he studied with much interest. Having been
appointed president of the Westphalian Chambers at
Wesel, Hamm, and Minden in 1796 or 1797, he dis-
played superior administrative talents. He was minister
of commerce, customs, etc. at Berlin from 1804 to 1807,
and became prime minister after the peace of Tilsit,
July, 1807. He resolved to "compensate the kingdom's
less in extensive greatness by intensive strength," and
reorganized the political system of Prussia on a more
liberal basis. Serfdom and feudal privileges were abol-
ished. These and other reforms constituted what was
called " Stein's system." The enmity of Napoleon caused
him to be removed from office in November, 1808, and
exiled. He founded the Tugend-Bund, ("League of
Virtue,") a secret society to promote the liberation of
Germany. In 1813 he was chief of the council for the
administration of the German territories which had been
reoccupied by the allies. He lost his influence in 1815,
and retired from public life. Died in 1831.

See PHRTZ, " Leben des Freiherm von Stein," 5 vols.. 1855;
"Leben des Freiherrn von und zum Stein," Leipsic, 2 vols., 1841 ;
"Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" " Blackwood's Magazine" for
September, 1845.

Stein, von, (LoRENZ,) a German economist, born at
Eckernfbrde, in Sleswick, November 15, 1815. He was a
professor at Kiel, 1846-52, but was removed for political
reasons, and in 1855 became a professor of political
science in the Vienna University. Among his works are
" History of the French Nation and of its Jurisprudence,"
(1846; 3d vol., 1848.) "History of the French Socialistic
Agitation," (1849-51,) "System of Political Science,"
(1852-56,) etc. Died September 23, 1890.

Steinbach, von. See ERWIN VON STEINBACH.

Steinbart, sfin'bSRt, (GoTTHELF SAMUEL,) a Ger-
man theologian of the rationalistic school, born at Ziil-
ichau in 1738; died in 1809.

Steinbock. See STENBOCK.

Steinbruck, stin'bRfiK, (EDUARD,) a German paintei,
Dorn at Magdeburg in 1802. He worked at Dusseldorf
Vom 1833 to 1846, and then removed to Berlin. Died
February 3, 1882.

Steinla, stin'Ii, (MORITZ MULLER,) a German en-
graver, born at Steinla in 179.1. His proper name waa
Vtiiller. He engraved Raphael's "Massacre of the In-



as k: 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: th as in this.

1 4.1



Explanations p. 23.1



STEINLE



2242



STEPHEN



nocents" and " Madonna di San Sisto ;" also some works
of Titian and Holbein. Died at Dresden in 1858.

Steinle, stln'leh, (JOHANN EDUARD,) a German
painter, born at Vienna in 1810 ; died Sept. 18, it>S6.

Steiiimar, stin'mar, a German minnesinger, of a
Tyrolese family, lived about 1250.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Steinmetz, von, fon stin'mSts, (KARL FRIEDRICH,)
a German genera!, born at Eisenach in 1796. Reserved
as lieutenant in France in 1814, and entered Paris with
the army of the allies. In 1866 he commanded an army
corps which gained victories over the Austrians at Ska-
litz aud other places. The Prussian Chambers in the
autumn of 1866 voted 1,500,000 thalers as a national
recompense to six men, among whom was General von
Steinmetz. He commanded the first army which in-
vaded France in August, 1870, and contributed to the
great victory near Metz in that month. He died at
Landeck, August 4, 1877.

SteinthaL, stin'tal, (HEYMANN,) a German (Jewish)
philologist, born at Grbbzig, in Anhalt, May 16, 1823. He
studied at Berlin and Paris, and was elected a professor
extraordinarius of philology at Berlin in 1863. He was
author of various treatises, chiefly on general philology.
In 1872 he became professor of Old Testament criticism,
etc. Died in 1899.

Steinwehr, von, fon stin'waR, (ADOLPH WILHELM
AUGUST,) BARON, a general, born in the duchy of Bruns-
wick in 1822. He emigrated to the United States about
1854, and became a brigadier-general of Union volun-
teers in October, 1861. He commanded a division at
Gettysburg, July 1-3, 1863. Died February 24, 1877.

Stella. (Esther Johnson.) See SWIFT, (JONATHAN.)

Stella, sti'li', (ANTOiNEBouzonnet boo'zo'ni',) a
French painter, a nephew of Jacques, noticed below, was
born at Lyons in 1637; died in 1682.

Stella, (CLAUDINE BOUZONNET,) a French engraver,
born at Lyons in 1636, was sister of the preceding.
She died at Paris in 1697.

Stella, stS'li', (FRANCOIS,) a Flemish painter, born
at Malines in 1563, was the father of Jacques, noticed
below. Died at Lyons in 1605.

Stella, (FRANCOIS,) a painter, born at Lyons about
1602, was a son of the preceding. He worked in Paris,
where he died in 1647.

Stella, stel'IS, (GiULio CESARE,) a Latin poet, born
at Rome in 1564. He was author of an unfinished poem
on the discovery of Columbus, ( 1 585.) Died about 1624.

Stella, (JACQUES,) a French painter, born at Lyons
in 1596. He resided many years in Florence, where he
was patronized by the grand duke Cosimo II. After
his return to Paris he was appointed painter to the king,


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 323 of 425)