Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

. (page 329 of 425)
Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 329 of 425)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


was the architect of nearly all the most remarkable
public buildings in Philadelphia or its vicinity : we may
name, among others, the Merchants' Exchange, (near
Third and Dock Streets,) the United States Mint, and
the United States Naval Asylum. In 1825 he was
appointed by the Franklin Institute commissioner to
visit England for the purpose of examining the canal
and railway systems of that country. On his return, he
was employed to superintend the construction of the rail-
road between Newcastle and Frenchtown, in Maryland,
which was one of the first passenger-railways made in
the United States. He was elected a member of the
Royal Society of Civil Engineers, and also a member
of the American Philosophical Society. His last and
perhaps greatest work was the Capitol at Nashville,
Tennessee, commenced in 1845 and completed in 1857.
He died at Nashville, April 7, 1854 ; and, according to
a special act of the Tennessee legislature, his remains
were deposited in a vault under that magnificent edifice
which may be said to have been the crowning glory of
his life.

Strickland, (WILLIAM P.,) D.D., an American
Methodist (afterwards Presbyterian) divine, born at Pitts-
burg, Pennsylvania, in 1809. He published a "History
of the American Bible Society," " Genius and Mission
of Methodism," and many other works. Died in 1884.

StrigeL, stRee'gel, [Lat. STRIGE'LIUS,] (VICTORIN,) a
German theologian, born in 1514, was a pupil of Mel-
anchthon. He was engaged in a controversy with
Flacius, and subsequently became a Calvinist. He
was professor at Leipsic and Heidelberg. Died in 1569.

See WKISSMANN, "Historic Vitz V. Strigelii," 1732; J. K - T.
QTTO, " De V. Strigeiio liberioris mentis in Ecclesia Lutherana Vm-
dice," 1843.

Strigelius. See STRIGEL.

Strind'berg, (AUGUST,) a Swedish author, bom
at Stockholm in 1849. He wrote novels and dramas,
whose caustic criticism of Swedish society created great
excitement. The later of these, " The Confessions of
a Fool," (1893,) and " Anti-barbarus," (1894,) gave
rise to bitter comment.

Stringham, (SlLAS H.,) an American naval offi-



cer, born in Orange county, New York, about 1798.
He served in the Mexican and civil wars, and was
appointed a rear-admiral on the retired list August I,
1862. Died in 1876.

Strinnholm, stRln'holm, (ANDERS MAGNUS,) a
Swedish historian, born in the province of Westerbot-
ten in 1786. His principal work is entitled a "History
of Sweden from the Earliest to the Present Time,' 1
(" Svenska Folkets Historia fran aldsta till narvarende
Tider," 1834.) In 1837 he became a member of the
Swedish Academy, and in 1845 of the Royal Academy
of Sciences. Died January 19, 1857.

Stritter, von, fon stRit'ter, (JOHANN GOTTHILF,) \
German historian, born at Idstein in 1 740, became a resi-
dent of Russia. He published a " History of the Russian
Empire," (in German, 2 vols., 1800.) Died in 1801.

Strobel, stRo'bel, (ADAM WALTHER,) a German
historian, born at Strasburg in 1792. His principal
work is a "History of Alsace," (6 vols., 1841,) which
was continued by Engelhardt. Died in 1850.

Stroctius. See STROZZI, (PALLA.)

Strode, (WILLIAM,) an English divine and poet, bora
in Devonshire about 1598. He was installed canon of
Christ Church in 1638. Died in 1644.

Stroemer. See STROMER.

Stroganof or Stroganow, stRo'ga-nof, (ALEX-
ANDER,) COUNT, a Russian nobleman, born in 1734,
was a distinguished patron of learning and the arts. He
was appointed a privy councillor of the first class, and
president of the Academy of Sciences at Saint Peters-
burg. Died in 1811.

Stroganof, Stroganov, or Stroganow, (ALEX-
ANDER,) COUNT, second son of Gregory, noticed below,
served against the Turks and Poles, and rose to be
successively minister of the interior, (1839,) member of
the imperial council at Saint Petersburg, and Governor-
General of New Russia, (1855.)

Stroganof, (GREGORY,) a Russian diplomatist, born
at Moscow in 1770, was successively employed in mis-
sions to Madrid, Stockholm, and Constantinople, (1821.)
In 1838 he was sent as ambassador-extraordinary to
England on the occasion of the coronation of Queen
Victoria. He was created high chamberlain in 1846.
Died in 1850.

Stroganof, (KARL SERGEI,) a general, the eldest
son of the preceding, was born about 1800, filled several
high offices under the government, and attained the
dignity of senator. He published a number of treatises
on Russian antiquities. Died in 1857.

Stroganof, (PAUL,) COUNT, a Russian general, a son
of Alexander, (1734-1811,) was born about 1774. He
was a friend and adviser of the Czar Alexander. Died
in 1817. His wife, SOPHIE GALLITSIN, was distinguished
for her talents.

Strombeck, von, fon stRom'bek,(FRiEDRiCH KARL,)
a German jurist and litterateur, born at Brunswick in
1771. He published a number of legal and miscel-
laneous works, and made translations from Tacitus,
Sallust, and other classics. Died in 1848.

His brother, FRIEDRICH HEINRICH, was also a distin-
guished jurist. Died in 1832.

See F. K. VON STROMBECK, " Darstellungen aus meinem Leben,'
2 vols., 1835.

Stromer or Stroemer, stRo'mer, (MARTIN,) a Swed-
ish savant, born at Upsal in 1707, succeeded Celsius
as professor of astronomy in that city. He translated
Euclid's "Elements" into Swedish. Died in 1770.

Stromeyer, stRo'ml'er, (GEORG FRIEDRICH Louis,)
a German surgeon, born at Hanover in 1804, became
successively professor at Erlangen, Munich, and Frei
burg. Died at Hanover, June 15, 1876.

Strong, (CALEB,) an American statesman, born at
Northampton, Massachusetts, in 1745. He was elected
to the United States Senate in 1789 and in 1793, and
became Governor of the State in 1800, which office he
continued to fill for ten years. Died in 1819.

Strong, (JAMES,) S.T.D., an American theologian,
born in New York city, August 14, 1822. He graduated
at Wesleyan University, Middletown, Connecticut, in
1844. He afterwards engaged in business on Long



e as * c as s g hard- g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as t; th as in this. ( !J^=See Explanations, p. 23. )

142



STRONG



2258



STRUENSEE



Island, becoming a railroad president. He was profes
or of biblical literature and acting president of Tro;
University, 1858-61, and in 1868 was appointed professo
of exegetical theology in Drew Theological Seminary
(Methodist.) He was never ordained. He published
epitomes of Greek, Hebrew, and Chaldee Grammar,
analyses of the Epistles to the Romans and Hebrews,
of the Apocalypse, the Canticles, etc., a volume of
"Irenics," three volumes on the Gospels, and other
works. He was also the principal editor of "McClin-
tock and Strong's Cyclopaedia," (theological, 10 vols.,
1870-81,) and of other works. Died August 7, 1894.

Strong, (NATHAN,) an American clergyman, born in
Connecticut in 1748. He preached at Hartford, am
published numerous sermons. Died in 1816.

Strong'bow, the surname of Richard de Clare, Earl
of Pembroke, an English warrior, distinguished for his
victories over the Irish. Died in 1176.

Strossruayer, stRos'mi-er, (JOSEPH GEORG.) a Cro-
atian bishop, born at Esz^k, February 4, 1815. He
studied at Pesth, Padua, and Vienna, and was ordainec
in 1838. He was afterwards a professor at the Diakovar
Seminary, and in 1850 was consecrated Bishop of Bosnia
and Sirmio. He was conspicuous at the Vatican CouncC
for his opposition to the dogma of papal infallibility.
His principal work is " Monumenta Slavorum Meridio-
nalium," (1863.)

Stroth, stRot, (FRIEDRICH ANDREAS,) a German
scholar, born in Pomerania in 1750. He published
everal classical works. Died in 1795 or 1785.

Stroth'er, (DAVID HUNTER,) an American author
and artist, born at Martinsburg, Virginia, (now West
Virginia,) September 26, 1816. He studied at Jefferson
College, Pennsylvania, and received art-instruction in
Philadelphia, in New York, (under S. F. B. Morse,) and
in the European capitals. In 1844 he became a book
and newspaper illustrator in New York, retiring to Vir
ginia in 1849. He published "Virginia Illustrated,"
besides many illustrated magazine and newspaper articles
under the name of PORTE CRAYON. He served in the
Federal army, 1861-65, rising from the rank of private
soldier to that of colonel and brevet brigadier-general.
He was in 1879 appointed consul-general to Mexico.
After the war he continued his illustrated contributions
to periodical literature. Died March S, 1888.

Strozzi, stRot'see, (BERNARDO,) surnamed IL CAPUC-
CINO, or "The Genoese Priest," an eminent Italian
painter, born at Genoa in 1581. His " Virgin and Child"
is esteemed his master-piece. He painted many easel-
pictures, and was an excellent colorist Died Aug. 3,
1644.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy ;" SOPRANI, " Piltorl
Genovesi."

Strozzi, (CiRlACO, che-ree'a-ko,) an Italian philoso-
pher, born near Florence in 1504. He wrote a sup-
plement to Aristotle's work " De Republica," (1562.)
Died in 1565.

See PAPIRB MASSON, "Vita Kyriaci Strozz," 1604.

Strozzi, (ERCOLE,) an Italian poet, a son of Tito
Vespasiano, noticed below, was born at Ferrara in 1471.
He was the author of Latin and Italian poems, which
were highly esteemed by his contemporaries. He was
assassinated in 1508 by some person unknown.

See PAOLO GIOVIO, "Elogio;" GINGUENE, "Histoire Litteraire
d Italic."

Strozzi, (Fiuppo,) an opulent Florentine merchant,
noted for his generosity, was born in 1426. He built
the magnificent Palazzo Strozzi at Florence, which is
still standing. Died in 1491.

Strozzi, (Fiuppo,) a Florentine statesman, born in
1488, was a son of the preceding. Though connected
with the Medici by his marriage with Clarice, niece of
Leo X., he exerted himself to deprive that family of the
chief power in Flore-.ce. After the murder of the duke
Alexander de' Medici, and the election of Cosimo as his
successor, Strozzi became one of the leaders of an army
of French and Italian mercenaries, and marched against
the troops of Cosimc, who was assisted by the soldiers
of Charles V. The insurgents were signally defeated,



( ! 537>) ar >d Strozzi was made prisoner, and confined for
a year in a fortress, where he committed suicide in 1538.

See LORENZO STROZZI, " Vie de P. Strozzi," (translated from the
Italian by REQUIER,) 1762; G. B. NICOLINI, "Vita di F. Strozzi,"
1847 ; " Vita di F. Strozzi, scritta da Lorenzo Strozzi suo Figlio,"
i8sr ; " Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Strozzi, (FiLiFPO,) a commander, born at Venice in
1541, was a grandson of the preceding, and a son of
Piero, noticed below. He served with distinction against
the French Huguenots in the civil wars which began
about 1562, and was appointed in 1581 lieutenant-general
of the naval army by Henry III. He was killed in a
naval action against the Spaniards in 1582.

See TORZAY, "Vie de P. Strozzi," 1608; DAVILA, "History of
the Civil Wars of France."

Strozzi, (FRANCESCO di Soldo de sol'do,) an Ital-
ian scholar, who translated Thucydides, and Xenophon's
" History of Greece," into Italian, (1550.)

Strozzi, (GiAMBATTlSTA,) an Italian scholar and
writer, born at Florence in 1551, was a nephew of Piero,
noticed below. He was conspicuous for his generous
patronage of learning, and was the author of several
works, in prose and verse. Died in 1634.

Strozzi, (GiULlo,) a Venetian poet, born about 1583,
resided at Rome, where he became papal prothono-
tary. He was the author of "The Building of Venice,"
(" Venezia Edificata,") an epic poem, and other works.
Died in 1660.

Strozzi, (LEONE,) a naval officer, born at Florence
in 1515, was a son of Filippo Strozzi, (1488-1538.) He
obtained command of a French fleet about 1550, and
was opposed to Andrew Doria in the Mediterranean,
Died in 1554.

Strozzi, (NiccoLO,) an Italian writer, was the author
of idyls, sonnets, etc., and tragedies entitled " Conradus"
and "David of Trebizond." Died in 1654.

Strozzi, [Lat. STROC'TIUS,] (PALLA,) an Italian di-
plomatist and scholar, born at Florence in 1372. He
was a liberal patron of literature, and devoted his large
fortune to the promotion of classical studies, employing
in his house many copyists to transcribe ancient manu-
scripts. He also founded several chairs in the Univer-
sity of Florence. Having opposed the Medici, he was
banished about 1434, and settled at Padua. Died in 1462.

See ANGELO FABRONI, "P. Stroctii Vita," 1802; J^NEAS SYL-
VIUS, " Cornmentarii."

Strozzi, (PIERO,) an able general, a son of Filippo
Strozzi, (1488-1538,) was born in 1500, and entered the
French army after the death of his father. In 1553 he was
sent to the defence of Sienna, then besieged by Cosimo
I. ; but, having imprudently invaded Tuscany, he was
defeated by the Marquis of Marignano, near Lucignano,
in 1554. He was afterwards charged by the pope, Paul
IV., with the defence of Rome against the Duke of Alva.
In 1558 he assisted the Duke of Guise in the capture of
Calais, but he was killed the same year at the siege of
Thionville. He had been created marshal of France by
Henry II. about 1555.

See BRANTOME, " Vies dcs Capitaines Strangers ;" VARCHI,

Storia Fiorentina ;" DE COURCELLES, " Dictionnaire des Geniraui
Fran^ais :" F. TRUCCHI, " Vita e Geste di P. Strozzi," 1847 ;" Nou-

elle Biographic Geneiale."

Strozzi, (PIETRO,) an Italian scholar, born at Flor-
ence about 1575, was professor of philosophy at Pisa.
!Ie published a work on the Nestorians, entitled "De
Drigine et Dogmatibus Chaldaeorum, sive hodiernorum
>Jestorianorum," (1617.) Died about 1640.

Strozzi, (Trro VESPASIANO,) an Italian scholar and
poet, born at Ferrara about 1422. He was the author
f Latin lyrics, satires, and epigrams. He became
president of the supreme council of Ferrara in 1485.
Died about 1508.

Strudel or Strudell, stRoo'del, (PETER,) a historical
>ainter, born in the Tyrol in 1680, or, as some say, in
1660. He worked in Vienna, and was patronized by
he emperor Leopold. Died in 1717.
' Struensee, stRoo'en-za', (ADAM,) a German theo-
ogian, born at Brandenburg in 1708. He preached at
lalle, and became superintendent or bishop of Sles-
wick and Holstein in 1761. He wrote several religion*
works. Died in 1791.



i. e. 1, 6, u, y, long: k, 1. 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, ?, short;*, e, i, o, obscuro: far, till, fat; mt; not; good; moon.



STRUENSEE



2259



STUART



Struensee, von, fon stRoo'en-za', QOHANN FRIED-
RICH,) COUNT, a minister of state, born at Halle in 1737,
was a son of the preceding. He studied medicine, and
practised with success at Altona. His habits are said
to have been licentious. In 1768 he became physician
to Christian VII. of Denmark, whom he attended in a
tour through Germany, France, and England. He in-
sinuated himself into the favour of Christian VII., and
of his queen, Caroline Matilda, a sister of George III.
of England. His talents and ambition enabled him to
gain an ascendency over the king, who was a man of
feeble character. He was aided in his ambitious projects
by his friend Brandt, and by the queen. He procured
the removal of Count Bernstorff in 1770, and becam*
prime minister. He made many innovations in politico,
affairs, some of which were beneficial ; but he offended
the people by his preference of the German to the Danish
language. Prince Frederick and others formed a con-
spiracy against Struensee, who was arrested, tried, and
put to death in April, 1772.

See FALKENSKIOLD, "Memoirs of Struensee," (in German,) 1788^



Struensee and Brandt :" DR. MUNTER, " Narrative of the Conversion
and Death of Count Struensee ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale ;"
" Edinburgh Review" for September, 1826, article " Danish Revo-
lutions under Count Struensee," (by SIR JAMES MACKINTOSH.)

Struensee, von, (KARL AUGUST,) brother of the
preceding, was born at Halle in 1735. He became in
1757 professor of philosophy and mathematics at the
military academy of Liegnitz. His " Rudiments of
Artillery," published in 1760, obtained for him the notice
and patronage of Frederick the Great. It was followed
in 1771 by "Elements of Military Architecture," esteemed
the best work on the subject that had then appeared in
Germany. After the publication of his "Description of
the Commerce of the Principal European States," he
was ennobled and made minister of state and president
of the board of excise. Died in 1804.

See MEUSEL, "Gelehrtes Deutschland;" HIRSCHING, "His-
lorisch-literariscnes Handbuch ;" VON HELD, " Struensee, Skizze
fiir Diejenigen," etc., 1805.

Strfith'ers, (JOHN,) a Scottish poet, born in Lanark-
shire in I77'6, worked at the trade of shoemaker in his
youth. Among his works is " The Poor Man's Sabbath,"
(1804.) Died in 1853.

Strutt, (EDWARD.) See HELPER.

Strutt, (JOSEPH,) an English antiquary and engraver,
born in Essex in 1742. He was the author of "The
Regal and Ecclesiastical Antiquities of England," etc.,
" Horda Angel Cyiinan ; or, View of the Manners, Cus-
toms, etc. of the Inhabitants of England from the Arrival
of the Saxons," (3 vols., 1776,) a "Biographical Diction-
ary of Engravers from the Earliest Period to the Present
Time," (2 vols., 1786,) and "Sports and Pastimes of the
People of England," etc., (1801.) Among his engravings
are a series of illustrations of the " Pilgrim's Progress."
He died in 1802, leaving several works in manuscript,
one of which, a romance, entitled " Queen-Hoo Hall,"
was completed by Sir Walter Scott.

See the " Monthly Review" for May, 1775, and June, 1802.

Struve, stroo'veh, (BuRKHARD GOTTHELF,) a jurist,
A son of Georg Adam, noticed below, was born at
Weimar in 1671. He studied law and history at Jena
and Helmstedt, became professor of history at Jena in
1704, and in 1730 of public and feudal law. Among his
voluminous works we may name his "Syntagma Juris
Publici," (1711,) "Body of German History," ("Corpus
llistorise Germanics," 1730,) and "Introduction to the
History of the German Empire," (in German.) He
also published an edition of the " Illustres Veteres Scrip-
tores" of Pistorius, and of Freher's "Rerum Germani-
carum Scriptores." Died in 1738.

See HIRSCHING, " Historisch-Hterarisches Handbuch;" LIPENIUS,
" Bibiiotheca Juridica."

Struve, (FRIEDRICH GEORG WILHELM,) an eminent
German astronomer, born at Altona in April, 1793. He
was appointed director of the Observatory of Dorpat
about 1818. In 1839 he became director of a new and
magnificent observatory erected by the Russian govern-
. ment at Pulkoxva, near Saint Petersburg. He acquired



distinction by his observations on double and multiple
stars, and published, besides other works, " Astronom-
ical Observations," (" Observationes Astronomicae," 8
vols., 1820-40,) "Micrometric Measurements of the
Double Stars," (" Stellarum duplicium Mensurae micro-
metricse," 1827.) and "Studies of Sidereal Astronomy
on the Milky Way," ("Etudes d' Astronomic stellaire
sur la Voie lactee," etc., 1847.) Died in 1864.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"ne>ale;" BROCKHAUS, " Conversa-
tions- Lexikon."

Struve, (GEORG ADAM,) a German jurist, born at
Magdeburg in 1619. He became professor of law at Jena
in 1646, and in 1667 was appointed privy councillor to
the Duke of Weimar. Among his numerous legal works,
which had a high reputation in his time, we may name
his " Jurisprudent^ Romano-Germanica forensis," and
" Syntagma Juris Feudalis." Died in 1692.

Struve, (GusTAVUS,) a German political writer and
revolutionist, born in Livonia about 1805. He took a
prominent part in the insurrection in Baden in 1848, and
became an exile in 1849. He published, besides other
works, a "System of Political Science," (4 vols., 1847.)
Died in 1870.

Struve, (OTTO WILHELM,) an astronomer, a son of
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm, was born at Dorpat in 1819.
He succeeded nis father at Pulkowa, and retired to
Carlsruhe in 1890. He discovered many double stars
and a satellite of Uranus.

Struve, von, fon stRoo'veh, (HEINRICH CHRIS-
TOPH GOTTFRIED,) a German diplomatist, born at Ratis-
bon in 1772, was employed in embassies to Hamburg,
Saint Petersburg, and other European courts. Died
in 1851.

Struys, stRois, (JAN,) a Dutch traveller, who visited
several countries of Asia, and published a narrative in
1677. Died in 1694.

Stry, van, vSn stRi, (ABRAHAM,) a skilful Dutch
painter, born at Dort in 1753, imitated A. Cuyp. He
painted landscapes, cattle, etc. Died in 1826.

Stry, van, (JACOB,) a skilful painter of landscapes and
cattle, a brother of the preceding, was born at Dort in
1756. "Many of his imitations of Albert Cuyp," says
Bryan, " have passed as originals of that master." Died
in 1815.

Stryk, stRlk, [Lat. STRYK'IUS,] (SAMUEL,) a German
jurist, born at Lenzen in 1640. He became professor
of law at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1672, and obtained
a chair in the University of Wittenberg in 1691. He
acquired a European reputation by his writings on law
Died in 1710.

Strykiua. See STRYK.

Strype, strip, (JOHN,) an English divine and biogra-
pher, born in London in 1643. Among his numerous
works are " Memorials of the Most Renowned Father
in God, Thomas Cranmer," etc., (1694,) "Historical
Collections relating to the Life and Acts of Bishop
Aylmer," (1701,) " Life and Acts of Archbishop Parker,"
(1711,) "Ecclesiastical Memorials, relating chiefly to
Religion and the Reformation of it," etc., and "Annals
of the Reformation and Establishment of Religion," (4
vols., 1731.) Died in 1737.

Stu'art, (ALEXANDER H. H.,) an American politician,
born at' Staunton, Virginia, in 1807. He gained dis-
tinction as a lawyer, became an orator of the Whig
party, and was elected to Congress in 1841. He was
secretary of the interior from September, 1850, to March,
1853. He was loyal to the Union, until the secession
of Virginia induced him to change. Died Feb. 13, 1891.

Stu'art, (ARABELLA,) born about 1575, was a daughter
of Charles Stuart, Duke of Lennox, (a brother of Lord
Darnley,) and was a cousin-german to James I. of Eng-
land. She was secretly married about 1609 to William
Seymour, against the will of the king, who imprisoned
her in the Tower. She was so harshly treated that she
became insane, and died in the Tower in September,
1615. William Seymour was afterwards made Marquis
of Hertford. Arabella Stuart was a woman of superior
talents and high spirit.

See " Lifeand Letters of Arabella Stuart,"by ELIZABETH CooPB*,
London, iS66: GARDINER, " History of England from 1603 to 1616,
vol. ii. chap. x. ; " Memoirs of Eminent Englishwomen, ' by LOUISA

S. COSTELLO.



easi; casj; %hard: ga/;G, H. VL. guttural; y.nasaJ; R, trilled; sas; thasinMii. (E3T"See Explanations, p. 23.)



STUART



2260



STUBBS



Stuart, (Sir CHARLES,) a British general, born in
1753, was a younger son of Lord Bute, the prime min-
ister. He fought against the American patriots, (1776-82,)
gained the rank of major-general in 1793, and com-
manded in Corsica in 1794. He took Minorca m 1798.
Died in 1801.

Stuart, (CHARLES EDWARD,) THE PRETENDER, bee
CHARLES EDWARD.

Stuart, (GILBERT,) LL.D., a Scottish journalist and
miscellaneous writer, born at Edinburgh about 1746.
He became in 1773 associate editor of "The Edinburgh
Magazine and Review," in which he published criti-
cisms on prominent authors, displaying great ability, but
disfigured by bitter personalities. He was afterwards
a contributor to the " Political Herald" and " English
Review," London. Among his principal works are a
" Historical Disquisition concerning the Antiquity of
the British Constitution," (1767,) "View of Society in
Europe in its Progress from Rudeness to Refinement,"
etc., (1768,) "History of the Establishment of the Re-
formation of Religion in Scotland, 1517-1561," (1780,)
and " History of Scotland from the Establishment of
the Reformation to the Death of Queen Mary," (1782.)
Died in 1786.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dicfionair of Eminent Scotsmen :"
ALLIBONE, " Dictionary of Authors ;" " Monthly Review" for Sep-
tember and October, 1782.

Stuart, (GILBERT CHARLES,) an eminent American
painter, born at Narraganset, Rhode Island, in 1756.
He studied in London under West, and subsequently
executed a number of portraits, which obtained for him
a high reputation. Among these may be named that of
George III., Sir Joshua Reynolds, and John Kemble.
After his return to America he painted a portrait of
Washington, which is esteemed the best ever taken;
also portraits of Mrs. Washington, John Adams, Jeffer-
son, Madison, and other distinguished Americans. Died
in 1828.

Stuart, (HENRY BENEDICT,) Cardinal York, born in
1725, was a grandson of James II. of England, and a
brother of Charles Edward the Pretender. He lived


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 329 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425

Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 329 of 425)