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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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born at Matzicken in 1857. He won fame by his
realistic drama " Ehre," (1888,) and his novels were
widely read.

Sudh6dana, soo-d'ho'da-na, a Hindoo prince, the
father of GAUTAMA, (which see.)
Sudra or Suder. See SOODRA.
Sud'worth, (GEORGE BISHOP,) an American bota-
nist, born at Kingston, Wisconsin, in 1862. He was
in the forestry division of the United States Depart-
ment of Agriculture 1886-95, afterwards dendrologist
in the division of forestry. He wrote much on United
States forestry and forest trees.

Sue, sii, (EUGENE,) a popular French novelist, born
in Paris in 1804, was a son of Jean Joseph Sue, (1760-
1830.) He was named in honour of Eugene de Beau-
harnais, son of the empress Josephine, who was his
sponsor. Having studied medicine, he accompanied
the French army into Spain in 1823 as military surgeon.
On the death of his father, from whom he inherited a
large fortune, he studied painting for a time under
Gudin ; but he soon renounced this art for literature,
and published several tales of sea-life, entitled " Kernock
le Pirate," (1830,) " Plick et Plock," (1831,) " Atar Gull,"
" La Salamandre," (1832,) and " La Vigie de Koatven,"
(1833.) Encouraged by the success of these productions,
he brought out in the Paris feuilletons a series of his-
torical romances, among which we may name " Latreau-
monte," "Jean Cavalier," "Le Vicomte de Letorieres,"
and " Le Commandeur de Malte." He next published
in rapid succession his " Mathilde," " The'rese Dunoyer,"
"Mysteres de Paris," (1842,) and " Le Juif errant,"
("The Wandering Jew," 1846.) These romances, in which
Sue has unveiled the most revolting forms of vice, and
for the most part represented wickedness triumphant,
obtained great popularity, and were translated into the
principal European languages. He was elected in 1850
a member of the Assemblee Nationale. Died in 1857.
See G. PLANCHE, " Portraits LitteVaires ;" QUERARD, " La France
Litt(raire ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;" " Foreign Quarterly
Review" for July, 1838, and July. 1842.

Sue, (JEAN,) a French surgeon and writer, born in
Var in 1699. He practised in Paris. Died in 1762.

Sue, (JEAN JOSEPH,) a French writer on anatomy and
surgery, born in 1710, was a brother of the preceding.
He lectured on anatomy in Paris, where he died in 1792.

See " Biographic Me"dicale."

Sue, (JEAN JOSEPH,) a surgeon, a son of the preceding,
was born in Paris in 1760. He wrote "Physiological
Researches on Vitality," (1798,) and other works. He
became consulting physician to the king in 1824. Died
in 1830.

Sue, (PiERRE,) a learned surgeon, born in Fans in
1739, was a son of Jean Sue, noticed above. He pub-
lished numerous works on surgery and medicine, which
are commended. Died in 1816.

See " Biographic Me'dicale."

Sueno. See AAGESEN and SWEYN.

Suenon, the French for SWEYN, King of Denmark
(See SWEYN.)

Suetone. See SUETONIUS.

Sue-to'nI-us, [Fr. SU^TONE, sii-i'ton',] (CAius
TRANQUILLUS,) an eminent Latin historian, born about
70 A.D., was a son of a military tribune. He was a friend
of Pliny the Younger, who wrote to Suetonius several
letters, which are extant. He practised law, and was
versed in various departments of learning. In the reign
of Hadrian he obtained the office of magistcr efistolarutn,
or secretary, but he did not keep it long. Pliny the
Younger speaks in high terms of his integrity and learn-
ing. Suetonius wrote, besides numerous works which
are lost, "The Lives of the Twelve Caesars," ("Vitse
Caesarum," which is highly prized, and appears to be
impartial. The subjects of this work are the twelve
emperors from Julius Caesar to Domitian inclusive,
whose private lives and vices he exposes, with copious
details. Saint Jerome says pithily of Suetonius, " that
he wrote of the emperors with the same freedom that
they themselves lived," (" pari libertate ac ipsi vixerunt.")
His work is rather anecdotical than historical. There
are extant two other works ascribed to him, namely,

On Illustrious Grammarians," (" De Grammaticis il-
lustribus,") and " On Celebrated Orators," (" De Claris

See A KRAUSE, " De Suetpnii Fontibus," etc., 1831 ; D. W.
MOLLER, "Disputatio cireularis de C. Suetonio," 1685: BAYLS,
"Historical and Critical Dictionary;" "Nouvelle Biographic Gene-

Sue-to'nI-us Pau-li'nua, a Roman general, served
in Mauritania in 42 A.D. He was appointed commandei
of Nero's army in Britain in 59, and defeated the natives
jommanded by Boadicea. Died after 70 A.D.

Su'ett, (RICHARD,) a celebrated English comedian,
born in London ; died in 1805.

Sueur, Le, (EUSTACHE.) See LE SUEUR.

Sueur, Le, (HUBERT.) See SCEUR.


Suffee, (King of Persia.) See SEFI.

Suf field, (HENRY HARBORD,) an English statesman,
born in 1781, was elected in 1820 a member of Parlia-
ment for Shaftesbury. He was an advocate of the abo-
lition of colonial slavery, and of other important reforms.
Died in 1835.


Suffolk, suf fpk, (MICHAEL DE LA POLE,) first EARI
OF, an English statesman, who served in the army under
Edward III. He became lord chancellor in March, 1383,
was created Earl of Suffolk in August, 1386, and removed
in October of that year. Died in 1389.

Suffolk, (WILLIAM DE LA POLE,) DUKE OF, was lord
high admiral of England. He commanded at the siege
of Orleans, in 1429, and was defeated by Joan of Arc.
He was beheaded, on a charge of treason, in 1450.

Suffren, sii'fRON', UEAN,) a French Jesuit, born in
Provence in 1565. He was for many years confessor to
the queen Marie de Medicis. He wrote " The Christian
Year," ("Anne'e chretienne," 1641.) Died in 1641.

Suffren Saint-Tropez, de, deh sti'fRoN' saN tRo'pa',)
(PIERRE ANDRE,) a distinguished French naval com-
mander, born in Provence in 1726. Soon after his en-
tering the naval service he became a member of the
Maltese order, from which he received the honorary

as k; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as *; th as in this. ( =See Explanations, p. 23.)




rifle of Bailli. He accompanied Count d'Estaing to
America in 1778, and, being subsequently appointed to
a command under Don Luis de Cordova, took twelve
merchant-ships from the British, (1780.) In 1781 he
defeated the British commodore Johnstone near the
Cape Verd Islands. He was made a vice-admiral in
1784. Died in 1788.

See TRUBLHT, " Essai historique sur la Vie et les Campagnes
do Bailli de Suflren;" HBNNBQUIN, " Essai historique sur la Vie
tt les Campagnes du Bailli de Su&eu," 1824 ; CUNAT, " Histoire du
Bailli de Suffren," 1853; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."


Suger, sii'zha', AbW of Saint-Denis, an able and
powerful French statesman, born about 1085. He was
chosen Abbe of Saint-Denis about 1 1 22, and became the
favourite counsellor and chief minister of Louis VI.
His influence was equally great in the reign of Louis
VII., and his administration was beneficent to the peo-
ple. Died in 1152.

See BAUDIER, " Histoire de I'Administration de 1'Abbe" Suger,"
1645; GERVAISE, "Histoire de Suger." 3 vols., 1721 : A. NKTTB-
HBNT, "Histoire de Suger," 1841: F. COMBES, " Suger et sor
Ministere," 1853 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."


SugrtvS, s5o-gree'va, [i.t. " handsome-necked," from
the Sanscrit ja, " handsome," and grfvd, " neck,"] in the
Hindoo mythology, the name of a monkey chief, the son
of Sflrya, (or the Sun,) and the next in rank among the
monkeys to Hanuman, and, like the last-named hero, a
great favourite with Rama. (See HANUMAN.)

Suhm, soom, (PEDER FREDERIK,) an eminent Danish
historian and miscellaneous writer, born at Copenhagen
in 1728, was a son of Ulrich Friedrich, noticed below.
He devoted himself to the study of philology, Northern
antiquities, etc., and published " On the Origin of the
Northern Nations," (2 vols., 1770,) "Odin, or the My-
thology of Northern Paganism," (1771,) " History of the
Migration of the Northern Nations," (2 vols., 1773,)
"Critical History of Denmark in the Time of the Pa-
gans," (4 vols., 1781,) and " History of Denmark to the
Year 1319," (II vols., 1812.) He was also the author of
" Idyls," and several tales and romances, which enjoy a
high reputation. Died in 1798.

See RASMUS NYERUP, "Udsigt over P. F. Suhms Levnet og
Skrifter," 1798; R. NYERUP, "Suhmiana," 1799; "Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge"ne>ale."

Suhm, von, fon soom or zoom, (ULRICH FRIEDRICH,)
an intimate friend of Frederick the Great of Prussia, was
born at Dresden in 1691. His "Familiar and Friendly
Correspondence with Frederick II." (in French) was
published after the king's death. Died in 1740.

Suicer, swlt'ser, or Schweitzer, shwlt'ser, (Jo-
HANN CASPAR,) a Swiss scholar and theologian, born at
Zurich in 1620, became professor of Greek and Hebrew
in the university of his native city. His principal work
is entitled " Ecclesiastical Thesaurus of the Writings
of the Greek Fathers," ("Thesaurus Ecclesiasticus e
Patribus Graecis," etc., 2 vols., 1682.) Died in 1684.

Suicer, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) son of the preceding,
was born at Zurich in 1644. He succeeded his father in
the chair of Greek and Hebrew in 1683, and published
a " Compendium of the Aristotelico-Cartesian Philoso-
phy," and other works, in Latin. Died in 1705.

Sul-das, [Gr. 2ow<5of,] a Greek grammarian and
lexicographer, supposed to have flourished about the
tenth century. Nothing is known of him, except that
he compiled a Lexicon or encyclopaedia of biography,
literature, geography, etc. This work, though defective
in plan and not accurately executed, is highly prized, as
a contribution to the literary history of antiquity, and
contains many valuable extracts from writers whose
works are lost. A good edition of this Lexicon was
published by T. Gaisford, Oxford, (3 vols., 1834.)

See FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grzca ;" Miiu-ER, "Programma
de Suida," 1706.

Suidger. See CLEMENT II.

Suintila, swin'ti-la, became King of the Visigoths in
Spain in 621 A.D. Died about 630.

Suleau, sii'16', (FRANC.OIS Louis,) a French royalist
nd pamphleteer, born in 1757. He was massacred by
the mob of Paris in August, 1792.

Suleyman. See SOLYMAN and SOLIMAN.

Sun-van, (Sir RICHARD JOSEPH,) an Irish writer,
and member of Parliament for Seaford, published " A
View of Nature, in Letters to a Traveller among the
Alps," and other works. Died in 1806.

Sulkowski, sool-kov'skee, (ANTON PAUL,) PRINCE,
a Polish general, born at Lissa in 1785, served with dis-
tinction in Napoleon's army, and was made a general of
division in 1812. Died in 1836.

Sulkowski, (JosEF,) a relative of the preceding,
entered the French service, and, having accompanied
Napoleon to Egypt as adjutant, was killed in the insur-
rection at Cairo in 1798. He wrote " Historical, Political,
and Military Memoirs of the Polish Revolutions," etc.

Sul'la or Syl/la, (FAUSTUS CORNELIUS,) a son of
the dictator, was born about 88 B.C. He served under
Pompey in Asia, and was the first to mount the wall of
the Temple at Jerusalem, in 63. He was a partisan of
the senate in the civil war, fought at Pharsalia, 48 B.C.,
and at Thapsus, in 46. Having been taken prisoner,
he was murdered by the soldiers of Caesar in 46 B.C.

Sulla or Sylla, [It SILLA, sella,] (Lucius COR
NELIUS,) surnamed FELIX, (the " Fortunate,") a famous
Roman general, born in 138 B.C. was of a patrician
family. Though addicted to pleasure, and though his
favourite companions are said to have been actors,
buffoons, and mimics, he early gave indications of un-
common powers, and was particularly distinguished by
the art he possessed of reading the various characters
of men. He obtained the office of quaestor in 107 B.C.,
and served under Marius against Jugurtha, who was be-
trayed by Bocchus into the power of the Romans. Sulla
took a prominent part in the capture of Jugurtha, and
shared with Marius the credit of that achievement In
104 he was employed as legate of Marius in the war
against the Cimbri and Teutones. He joined the army
of L. Catulus in 102, and gave proof of great military
talents. His personal qualities were eminently adapted
to render a general popular with his soldiers. Having
been elected praetor in 93 B.C., he was sent the next
year to Cilicia, and restored Ariobarranes to the throne
of Cappadocia.

In the year 91 began the Social war, in which, says
Plutarch, "Sulla performed so many memorable things
that the citizens looked upon him as a great general,
his friends as the greatest in the world, and his enemies
as the most fortunate." Sulla became the leader of the
aristocratic party, was elected consul for 88 B.C., and
obtained from the senate the command of the war
against Mithridates, which command was also coveted
by his rival Marius. A violent contest arose between
these two leaders, which was the beginning of a great
civil war. Sulla marched with an army against Rome,
and Marius escaped to Africa, leaving his enemy master
of the capital. Sulla departed from Rome early in 87 B.C.,
and commenced the war against Mithridates by an attack
on Athens, which he took, after a long siege, in March,
86 B.C. The Athenians were treated with great cruelty
by the victor on this occasion. Sulla gained a decisive
victory over Archelaus, a general of Mithridates, at Chas-
ronea, and again at Orchomenus, in 85 B.C., after which
he crossed the Hellespont. In the mean time the Marian
party had recovered possession of Rome, and had mas-
sacred many partisans of Sulla. He concluded a peace
with Mithridates, extorted large sums of money from
the Orientals, and returned, with his army of veterans,
to Italy, where he arrived in the spring of 83, and re-
newed the civil war. The popular party had a larger
army than that of Sulla, but had no able generals. Sulla
defeated Norbanus near Capua in the year 83, and young
Marius at Sacriportus in 82 B.C. He then became master
of Rome, massacred his opponents and prisoners by
thousands, and gained a victory over the Samnites and
Lucanians near Rome. He made a list of his enemies,
whom he outlawed, and called this list a Proscriptif.
This was the first instance of a proscription among the
Romans. Sulla was appointed dictator for an unlimited
time, and made important changes in the constitution,
tending to increase the power of the senate and aris-
tocracy and to destroy the authority of the tribunes of
the people. He also made reforms in the criminal law,
which were more enduring than the changes just men-

,0, u, y, lone; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, fat; m?t; not; good; moon-




tioned. He resigned the dictatorship in 79, and died
in 78 B.C. Byron apostrophizes Sulla in the following
itriking lines :

"O thou, whose chariot roll'd on fortune's wheel,
Triumphant Sylia ! thou who didst subdue
Thy country's foes ere thou wouldst pause to feel
The wrath of thy own wrongs, or reap the due
Of hoarded vengeance till thine eagles flew
O'er prostrate Asia ; thou, who with thy frowu
Annihilated Senates, Roman, too,
With all thy vices, for thou didst lay down,
With an atoning smile, a more than earthly crown."

Childf Harold, canto iv. f stanza bcxxiiL

See PLUTARCH, " Life of Sulla ;" DRUMANN, " Geschichte Roms,"
ol. ii. ; J. A. HARTMANN, " Dissertatio de Sulla." 1727 ; L. SACHSB,
" Leben des Dictators Sulla," 1701 ; ZACHARI^, " L. Cornelius Sulla
als Ordner des Romischen Freistaates," 1834; APPIAN, " Bellum
Civile;" PLINY, "Natural History," books vii., xi., and xxvi

Sulla, (PUBLIUS CORNELIUS,) a nephew of the dic-
tator Sulla. He was probably an accomplice of Catiline,
but after a trial, in which he was defended by Cicero, he
was acquitted. He fought for Csesar in the civil war,
and commanded the right wing at Pharsalia, 48 B.C.
Died in 45 B.C.

Sul'U-van, (Sir ARTHUR SEYMOUR,) a British musi-
cian, born in London, May 13, 1842. He studied music
under his father, and also under the Rev. Thomas Hel-
more, Sir Sterndale Bennett, and Sir John Goss. Later
he was a pupil in the Leipsic Conservatory. He com-
posed a great number of very popular operas and songs.
Among his best-known works are "Pinafore," (1878,)
"Patience," (1881,) " lolanthe," (1882,) "The
Mikado," (1885,) "The Gondoliers," (1889,) and
"The Grand Duke," (1896.) The words for these
comic operas were generally written by Mr. W. S.
Gilbert. Died November 23, 1900.

Sullivan, (BARRY,) an English tragedian, born
at Birmingham in 1824. He appeared on the stage
in 1840, acquired a reputation in Hamlet and other
tragic characters, and gained high success in England,
America, and Australia. He died in 1891.

SuMI-van, (GEORGE,) LL.D., son of General Sulli-
van, noticed below, was born at Durham, New Hamp-
shire, in 1774- He attained a high reputation as a jurist,
and rose to be attorney-general of his native State in
1805. Died in 1838.

Sullivan, (JAMES,) a brother of General Snllivan, was
born at Berwick, Maine, in 1744. He became attorney-
general of Massachusetts in 1790, and was twice elected
Governor of that State. He wrote a " History of the
District of Maine," and other works. Died in :8o8.

Sullivan, (JOHN,) an American general of the Revo-
lution, was born at Berwick, Maine, in 1740. He was
present at the battles of Trenton and Princeton, and led
the right wing at the battle of Brandywine. He was after-
wards appointed attorney-general of New Hampshire,
and thrice elected President of that State. His life is
included in Sparks's " American Biography." Died in

Sullivan, (JoHN L.,) an engineer and physician, born
at Saco, in Maine, in 1777, was a son of James, noticed
above. He invented the steam tow-boat about 1814. It
is stated that he made discoveries in medicine and
surgery. Died February 9, 1865.

Sullivan, (WILLIAM,) LL.D.,ason of James Sullivan,
noticed above, was born at Saco, Maine, in 1774. He was
the author of "Familiar Letters on Public Characters
and Events from 1783 to 1815," "The Public Men of
the Revolution," and other works. Died in 1839.

Sul'U-yant, (WILLIAM STARLING,) LL.D., an Ameri-
can botanist, born at Franklinton, (now Columbus,) Ohio,
January 15, 1803. He graduated at Yale College in
1823. He was distinguished as an authority on the
mosses and liverworts. He issued "Musci Alleghani-
enses," (1845 > new edition, 1855,) " Musci and Hepaticae
of the United States," (1856,) "Musci Boreali-Ameri-
cani," (1856, prepared partly by L. Lesquereux,) " Icones
Muscorum," (1864; 2d vol., 1874,) and other works.
Died at Columbus, April 30, 1873.

Sully, sul'li, [Fr. pron. su'le',] (MAXIMILIEN de Be-
thune deh ba tiin',) Due DE, and Baron de Rosny, a
French statesman of great merit and celebrity, was born
at Rosny, near Mantes, in December, 1560. He was a

son of Francois, Baron de Rosny, who was a Protestant,
and who presented Maximilien to Henry of Navarre in
1571. He was a student in Paris when the Massacre of
Saint Bartholomew occurred. In 1575 he entered the
service of Henry of Navarre, whom he accompanied in
his escape from Paris and his perilous enterprises which
followed. By his courage, prudence, and immutable
fidelity he gained the friendship of Henry, who appointed
him a councillor of Navarre in 1580. He married Anne
de Courtenay in 1583. In 1587 he contributed to the
victory at Coutras, where he directed the artillery. He
received several wounds at the battle of Ivry, and was
severely wounded at the siege of Chartres, in 1591. He
advised Henry IV. to adopt the Roman Catholic reli-
gion, being convinced that by this policy only could
peace be restored on a permanent basis. Sully himself,
however, constantly adhered to the Protestant Church.
Having been appointed councillor of state and of
finances in 1596, he reformed many abuses in the ad-
ministration of the finances, and became superintendent
of the same in 1599. By order and economy he greatly
improved the financial condition of France and the
prosperity of the people. He turned his attention to
other departments of government, and soon became
virtually prime minister. He encouraged agriculture
more than manufactures or commerce, and projected a
system of canals to unite all the large rivers of France.
In 1606 he received the title of Due de Sully. His
morals were austere, compared with those of the court
and the king, to whom he acted in the capacity of a
faithful Mentor. He even ventured to tear, in the pres-
ence of the king, a paper on which Henry had written a
promise to marry the Marquise de Verneuil. The death
of Henry, in 1610, ended Sully's political power. He
resigned the direction of the finances, and retired from
court, but retained the position of grand master of ar-
tillery, and some other offices. In 1634 he received the
baton of marshal of France. He employed his latter
years in writing memoirs of his life and times, entitled
" Memoires des sages et royales (Economies d'Estat de
Henri le Grand," (4 vols., 1634-62.) He died at Ville-
bon in December, 1641, leaving a son and several

See THOMAS, " filoge de Sully," 1763 ; SISMONDI, " Histoire des
Francais ;" MICHELKT, " Histoire de France ;" HOFF, " Biographic
des Herzogs von Sully," 1782; MOTLEY, "United Netherlands,"
vol. iv. ; SEWEIN, "Les Amis de Henri IV," 3 vols., 1805; D'Au-
BIGNB, "Histoire universdle;" BAUMSTARCK, "Des Herzogs von
Sully Verdienste." etc., 1828; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale ;"
"Retrospective Review," voL vi., (1822;) " Fraser's Magazine" foi
April and May, 1831.

Bul'ljF, (JAMES,) an English author, born at Bridge-
water in 1842. His principal works are "Sensations
and Intuition," (1874,) "Pessimism," (1877,)
"The Human Mind," (1882,) "Studies of Child-
hood," (1895,) and "Children's Ways," (1897.)

Sully, (THOMAS,) an eminent painter, born in Lin-
colnshire, England, in 1783. Having emigrated to Amer-
ica in 1792, he studied at Charleston, South Carolina,
and afterwards applied himself to portrait-painting suc-
cessively at Richmond, New York, and Philadelphia
Among his best works are full-length portraits of Jeffer-
son, La Fayette, Commodore Decatur, George Frederick
Cooke as " Richard III.," and Queen Victoria. He alsc
produced several historical pictures, among which we.
may name " Washington crossing the Delaware." He
died November 5, 1872.

See DUNLAP, " History of the Arts of Design in America."

Sully, de, de siile', (MAURICE,) a French preacher,
who died in 1196. His sermons present the oldest un-
doubted examples of pulpit oratory in the French lan-
guage. He was Archbishop of Paris from 1160 to

Sully-Prudhomme. See PRUDHOMME.

Sulpice. See SULPICIUS.

Sulpice Severe. See SEVERUS, (SULPICIUS.)

Sulpicia, siil-pish'e-a, a Roman poetess under the
reign of Domitian. flef only extant work is a satire
against that emperor on his condemnation of the phi-
losophers to exile. It is entitled " De Edicto Domitiam
quo Philosophos Urbe exegit."

e as k; 9 as j; g hard; g as /; G, H, K, guttural: N, nasal; R, trilled: s as ; th as in this. ( J=See Explanations, p. 23. i




Sulpicia Gens, an ancient Roman gens, originally
patrician, produced many distinguished men. Among
the names of the families into which this gens was
divided were Galba, Callus, Longus, and Rufus.

Sulpicius. See SEVERUS, (SULPICIUS.)

Sulpicius, sul-pish'ejjs, [Fr. SULPICE, siil'pess',]
(LEMONIA RUFUS SERVIUS,) a celebrated Roman jurist
and orator, born about 106 B.C. Ke was elected consul
in 51 B.C., and filled other high offices. After his death
a eulogy was pronounced on him by Cicero, who was
his intimate friend. His legal works were very numerous
and highly esteemed, but only fragments of them are
extant. He was appointed Governor of Achaia by Cajsar
in 46 or 45 B.C. Died in 43 B.C.

Sulpicius Rufus, (PuBLius,) a Roman orator, born
in 124 B.C. became tribune in 88 B.C., and was an ad-
herent of Marius in the civil war with Sulla. His elo-
quence is commended in the highest terms by Cicero,
who has introduced him into his dialogue " De Oratore."
After the capture of Rome by Sulla, Sulpicius was be-
trayed into his hands and put to death, 87 B.C.

Sulzer, sd&lt'ser, (JOHANN GEORG,) a Swiss philoso-
pher and aesthetic writer, born at Winterthur in 1720.
He became in 1747 professor of mathematics in the
Joachimsthal Gymnasium, Berlin, where he made the
acquaintance of Euler and Maupertuis, and was elected
in 1750 to the Academy of Sciences. He was afterwards
appointed professor in the Ritter-Academie at Berlin.

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 331 of 425)