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England. King Ethelred, unable to protect his realm
by arms, induced Sweyn to retire by paying him a large
sum of money. Sweyn soon returned, and obtained
possession of a great part of England. He died about
1014, and was succeeded by his son, Canute the Great

Sweyn IT,, a grandson of the preceding, was born
about 1025, and became King of Denmark in 1047.
Died in 1076.

Sweynheym, swln'him, ( CONRAD, ) a German
printer, who, in conjunction with his friend Pannartz,
first introduced printing into Italy. Died about 1476.

Swieten, vein, vin swee'ten, (GERAARD,) an eminent
Dutch physician, born at Leyden in 1700. He studied
medicine and chemistry under Boerhaave, and became
professor of medicine in his native city. Having been
obliged to resign this professorship on account of his
being a Catholic, he was appointed in 1745 first phy-
sician to Maria Theresa of Austria. He was created by
the empress a baron of the empire, superintendent of
the Imperial Library, and perpetual president of the
medical faculty. His " Commentaries on the Aphorisms
of Hermann Boerhaave on the Diagnosis and Cure of
Diseases" ("Commentaria in H. Boerhaavii Aphorismos
de Cognoscendis et Curandis Morbis") is regarded as a
standard work. Died in 1772.

Swift, (DEANE,) a relative of the celebrated writer,
noticed below, was the author of an "Essay on the Life,
Character, and Writings of Dr. Jonathan Swift," etc.,
(1755.) He published in 1765 an edition of the works
of Swift. Died in 1783.

Swift, (JONATHAN,) a celebrated humorist and
satirist, born in Dublin on the 3Oth of November, 1667,
was a son of Jonathan Swift, an English attorney, who
removed to Ireland, and died before the birth of the
subject of this article. He was educated at Trinity Col-
lege, Dublin, (which he entered in 1682,) at the expense
of his uncle, Godwin Swift, for he inherited nothing from
his father. He graduated in 1685, and remained at
Trinity College until 1688. About this date he entered
into the service of Sir William Temple, (a distant relative
of Swift's mother,) who employed him as secretary and
received him as an inmate in his family at Moor Park.
His salary was only twenty pounds a year. He obtained
the degree of M.A. at Oxford in 1692, after which he
took holy orders. Aspiring to a more independent
position, he left the service of Sir William Temple in
1694, and went to Ireland. He became prebendary of
Kilroot but, having received an invitation from Sir
William, with promise of patronage, he returned to Moor
Park in 1695. ^ e was fea'ed as a friend by Temple,
who died in 1699 and left him a legacy. At Moor Park
he became acquainted with Esther Johnson, to whom
he gave the poetical name of" Stella." In 1699 or 1700
he was appointed rector of Agher and vicar of Laracor
in Ireland. At his invitation, Miss Johnson went in 1700
to reside at or near Laracor, expecting that Swift would
make her an offer of marriage. It appears that he did
not wish to marry, but was fond of her society, and
generally conversed with her in the presence of some
third person.

In 1701 he published a political traft, entitled "A
Discourse of the Contests and Dissensions between the
Nobles and Commons of Athens and Rome," which
procured for him the friendship of the Whig leaders,
Somers, Halifax, and Addison. He produced in 1704
his humorous and satirical "Tale of a Tub," (anony
mous,) and "The Battle of the Books." "The 'Tale of
a Tub,' " says Hallam, " is, in my apprehension, the mas
ter-piece of Swift : certainly Rabelais has nothing superior
even in invention, nor anything so condensed, so pointed,
so full of real meaning, of biting satire, of felicitous
analogy." (" Introduction to the Literature of Europe.")
Swift was often disappointed in his hopes of prefer-
ment, and gradually turned from the Whig to the Tory
party. About 1708 he published a "Project for the
Advancement of Religion," which is said to be the only
work to which he ever put his name. During a visit to



London he wrote a series of letters to Miss Johnson,
entitled " Journal to Stella." He edited the " Examiner."
a weekly Tory paper, (from November, 1710, to Juna
14, 1711,) in which he displayed great talents for satire
and raillery in personal attacks on Godolphin, Sunder-
land, Marlborough, and others. He became very inti-
mate with Harley, Earl of Oxford, with Lord Bolingbroke,
and with Pope, the poet He advocated the cessation of
hostilities against Louis XIV., in an able tract on " The
Conduct of the Allies," (1712,) which had great success,
and efficiently promoted the peace of Utrecht, (1713.)
For this service he was rewarded with the place of Dean
of Saint Patrick's, Dublin, in 1713. He would probably
have obtained a bishopric if he had not written the " Tale
of a Tub," in which he exposed religious abuses, and
popery especially, with great freedom and even levity.
Though ill satisfied with his recent preferment, he went
to take possession of the deanery; but he remained only
a few weeks in Dublin. He returned to London, where
his presence was required to reconcile Oxford and Boling-
broke ; but he failed in this attempt

About 1713 he formed an acquaintance with Esther
Vanhomrigh, (" Vanessa,") who became fondly attached
to him, and is said to have made him a proposal of mar-
riage, which he declined. On this subject he wrote a
poem entitled "Cadenus and Vanessa." In 1716 Swift
and Stella were privately married ; but they never lived
together or met except when others were present. She
presided at his table on public days, and attended him
during illness. She died in 1728. He produced in 1726
or 1727 his famous "Travels of Lemuel Gulliver," a
satirical romance, displaying great originality and wit.
In the latter part of his life he became morose, misan-
thropic, and solitary. His memory and other faculties
failed in 1741. He died in Dublin in October, 1745.

There was much paradox and inconsistency in Swift's
character. He is said to have given a large part of his
income to the poor, and he acquired great popularity
among the Irish, although he regarded them as aliens
and inferiors. Swift's style is remarkable for its direct-
ness, simplicity, and perspicuity. In description, even
of the most commonplace things, his power is often
perfectly marvellous ; everything is presented to the
mind with a distinctness and vividness which remind
one of the works of the old Dutch painters. Macaulay
describes him at Moor Park as a " poor scholar, under
whose plain garb and ungainly deportment were con.
cealed some of the choicest gifts that have ever been
bestowed on any of the children of men, rare powers of
observation, brilliant wit, grotesque invention, humour
of the most austere flavour, yet exquisitely delicious,
eloquence singularly pure, manly, and perspicuous '
(" History of England," vol. iv.)

See J. HAWKHSWORTH, "Life of Jonathan Swift," 1755: T.
SHERIDAN, " Life of Swift," 1784 ; JOHNSON, " Lives of the English
Poets :" SIR WALTER SCOTT, " Biographies of Eminent Novelists ;"
THACKKRAY, " English Humorists ;" " Edinburgh Review," Sep-
tember, 1816; DBANK SWIFT, " Essay on the Life and Character of
Swift," 1755 ' QUINTIN CRAUFURD, " Essai historique sur le Docteur
Swift," 1808: CAMPBELL, "Specimens of the British Poets;" LORD



ALLIBONE, "Dictionary of Authors."

Swift, (JOSEPH GARDNER,) an American general and
engineer, born in Nantucket in 1783. He graduated at
the Military Academy at West Point and was subse-
quently made captain of engineers. He was appcinted
in 1829 superintendent of the harbour improvements on
the lakes. Died July 23, 1865.

Swift, (LEWIS,) an American astronomer, born at
Clarkson, Monroe county, New York, February 29, 1820.
He began in early life to lecture and experiment on elec-
tricity and magnetism, and after 1855 devoted himself
chiefly to astronomy, and especially to the study of comets.
He became director of the Warner Observatory, at
Rochester, New York, in 1882, afterwards of the
Lowe Observatory, California. He discovered nu-
merous comets, and over twelve hundred nebulae.

Swift, (THEOPHILUS,) son of Deane Swift, noticed
above, was the author of poems entitled "The Gamblers"
and " The Temple of Folly," an " Essay on the Rise and
Progress of Rhyme," and other works. Died in 1815.



i, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, j?, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; morn;



SWIFT



2273



SYDOW



Swift, (ZEPHANIAH,) an American jurist, born at
Wareham, Massachusetts, in 1759, was secretary of the
embassy to France in 1800, and in 1806 chief justice
of Connecticut. He published a "Treatise on Bills of
Exchange," and other legal works. Died in 1823.

Swinburne, swJn'burn, (ALGERNON CHARLES,) an
English poet, born near Henley-on-Thames, April 5,
1837. He studied at Oxford, which he quitted without
a degree. His first publications were the following poet-
ical dramas: "The Queen Mother and Rosamond,"
(1861,) " Atalanta in Calydon," (1864,) and " Chastelard,"
(1865.) In 1866 appeared his "Poems and Ballads,"
which were fiercely assailed on the score of immorality.
Among his other works are "Songs before Sunrise,"
(1871,) "Bothwell," a tragedy, (1874,) " Erech-
theus," a tragedy, (1876,) " Tristram of Lyonesse,"
(:S79,) "Mary Stuart," (1882,) "A Century of
Roundels," (1883,) "The Sisters," (1892,) "The
Tale of Balm," (1896.) His prose works are " Mis-
cellanies," (1886,) "Studies in Prose and Poetry,"
(1894,) etc.

Swinburne, (HENRY,) an English traveller, born in
1752, published "Travels through Spain in 1775 and
1776," " Travels in the Two Sicilies," and a correspond-
ence entitled " The Courts of Europe at the Close of the
Last Century," (1841.) Died in 18133.

Swinden, van, vSn swin'den, (JAN HENDRIK,) a
Dutch philosopher and mathematician, born at the
Hague in 1746. He became in 1785 professor of physics
and astronomy at Amsterdam. He was a corresponding
member of the French Institute and of other learned
societies, and filled several important offices under the
government. Among his principal works are a " Dis-
sertation on the Analogy between Electricity and Mag-
netism," and a "Treatise on Weights and Measures,"
(1802.) Died in 1823.

See G. MOLL, " Redevoering over J. H. van Swinden," 1844.

Swing, (DAVID,) an American clergyman, born in
Cincinnati, August 23, 1830, graduated at Miami Uni-
versity, was head-master of the grammar-school of that
institution, 1854-66, and in 1866 became pastor of a
church in Chicago. His trial on the charge of heresy
made his name famous. His published works include
" The Motives of Life," " Club Essays," three volumes
of " Sermons," etc. Died October 3, 1894.

Swin'nock, (GEORGE,) an English nonconformist
minister, born at Maidstone. He wrote several religious
works. Died in 1673.

Swin'ton, (JOHN,) a learned English divine, born in
Cheshire in 1703. He became keeper of the archives
at Oxford, and published several treatises on Roman
and Phoenician antiquities. He was also a contributor
to the "Universal History." Died in 1777.

Swin'ton, (WILLIAM,) a historian and author, born at
Saltoun, Scotland, April 23, 1833. He was educated at
Amherst College, and was five years professor of litera-
ture in the University of California. He for some time
was a journalist of New York. His principal books are
"Rambles among Words," (1859,) "The Twelve Deci-
sive Battles of the War," (1871,) " History of the United
States," (1878,) "Campaigns of the Army of the Poto-
mac," (1882,) and a series of English grammars, geogra-
phies, histories, etc. Died October 25, 1892.

Swiss'helm, (Mrs. JANE GREY CANNON,) an Amer-
ican reformer, born at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, December
6, 1815. For many years prominent as an editor, she
was during the war of 1861-65 a nu rse in the military
hospitals. Her principal books are " Letters to Country
Girls," (1853,) and "Half a Century," (1880.) an auto-
biography. Died at Swissvale, Pennsylvania, July 22,
1884.

Swith'in, SAINT, an English prelate, was chaplain
to King Egbert, and preceptor to his son Ethehvolf. He
was afterwards tutor to Prince Alfred, and in 852 was
made Bishop of Winchester. Died in 862.

Swoboda, swo-bo'di, (WENZEL ALOYS,) a Bohemian
littlratfur, born in 1781, published tales, novels, and
treatises on music. He also translated Seneca's dramas
into German. Died in 1849.



Sword, sord, (JAMES B.,) an American artist, born
in Philadelphia, October n, 1839. He graduated at the
Central High School of his native city, studied art, and
in 1881 was chosen president of the Philadelphia Society
of Artists.

Swurg or Swurga. See SWARGA.

Sy-a'grl-us, SAINT, an influential French ecclesiastic,
born at Autun (Augustodunum) about 520 A.D. He
became Bishop of Autun about 560. Died in 600.

Sybel, von, fon see'bel, (HEINRICH,) an eminent
German historian, born at Dusseldorf, December 2, 1817.
He studied at Berlin and Bonn, was made entraordinary
professor of history at Bonn in 1844, and full professor at
Marburg in 1845 and at Bonn in 1861. In 1875 he was
appointed director of the Prussian archives. His prin-
cipal work is a "History of the French Revolution,"
('"aJ-S?-) He also wrote a great history of the
founding of the German Empire by William I.,
(1889-94,) and other works. Died August I, 1895.

Sybrecnt, (JAN.) See SIBRECHT.

Sydenham, s!d'en-am, (CHARLES EDWARD POULETT
THOMPSON,) LORD, an English Whig statesman, born
in Surrey in 1799, was a merchant in his youth. He
was elected to Parliament for Dover in 1826, and again
in 1830. His superior talents for business procured for
him a rapid promotion. He became president of the
board of trade in June, 1834, and a member of the cabi-
net in 1835. He represented Manchester in Parliament
from 1832 till 1839, was appointed Governor-General
of Canada in 1839, and raised to the peerage, as Baron
Sydenham, in 1840. Died in Canada in September, 1841.

See SCROPK, "Life of Lord Sydenhara " 1843: "Westminster
Review" for December, 1843.

Sydenham, (FLOYER,) an English scholar, born in
1710. He published an excellent translation of the
principal part of the works of Plato, but, having be-
come embarrassed, he was imprisoned for debt, and
died in 1787. This melancholy event gave rise to the
establishment of the Literary Fund for the relief of in
digent and deserving writers. Sydenham also published
" Onomasticon Theologicura ; or, An Essay on the
Divine Names, according to the Platonic Philosophy,"
and a " Dissertation on the Doctrine of Heraclitus,"
etc., (I775-)

Sydenham, (THOMAS,) a celebrated English physi-
cian, sometimes called "the English Hippocrates," was
born in Dorsetshire in 1624. He entered Magdalene
Hall, Oxford, as a commoner in 1642, and took the
degree of bachelor of physic in 1648. Having subse-
quently graduated as doctor of medicine at Cambridge,
he settled in London about 1660. In 1663 he was ad-
mitted as a licentiate of the College of Physicians, the
majority of whom, it is said, were hostile to him. He
rose rapidly to the foremost rank in his profession, and
enjoyed the friendship of Locke and Boyle. In 1666
he published a "Treatise on Fevers." He discovered
the efficacy of a cool regimen in smallpox, by which dis-
covery he saved many thousand lives. He wrote several
short medical treatises, which were published collectively
with the title of "Opera Omnia Medica," (1685,) and
have been often reprinted. The best edition is that
entitled " Opera Medica," published at Geneva, (2 vols.
410, 1716.) In the latter years of his life he suffered
much from the gout. Died in December, 1689. " His
skill in physic," says Dr. Johnson, "was not his highest
excellence ; his whole character was amiable : his chief
view was the benefit of mankind, and the chief motive
of his actions, the will of God, whom he mentions with
a reverence well becoming the most enlightened and
most penetrating mind."

See JOHNSON, "Life of Sydenham," 1742; PRUNBLLB, " Non'ct
sur la Vie de Sydenham," 1816; F. JAHN, "Sydenham; Beitrac
zur wissenschaftlichen Medicin," 1840; GORDKN, " T. Sydenham,
1827 : " Encyclopedia Britannica ;" " Lives of the British Phy-
sicians," London, 1857 ; " Biographia Britannica."

Sydney, (Sir PHILIP.) See SIDNEY.

Sydow, see'dow, (KARL LEOPOLD ADOLF,) a German
latitudinarian divine, born at Berlin, November 23, 1800.
For many years pastor of the Neue Kirche in Berlin, he
was fined and censured for heresy in 1872, but was not
displaced. He was one of the translators of Channing'a
writings into the German. Died October 23. 1882.



e as k; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,futturaJ; N, nasal; R, trHlfti; s as t: th as in this. (

143



ee Explanations, p.



SYKES



2274



SYNCELLUS



Sykes, siks, (ARTHUR ASHLEY,) an English divine,
born in London about 1684, rose through several prefer-
ments to be prebendary of Winchester. He was the
author oi ar. "Essay on the Truth of the Christian
Religion,' etc., and other works. Died in 1756.

Sykes, (GEORGE,) an American general, born in Mary-
land about 1824, graduated at West Point in 1842. Me
commanded a division of the Union army at Gaines's
Mill, June 27, 1862, and a corps at Gettysburg, July 1-3,
1863. He was brevetted major-general in 1865, and
became colonel in 1868. Died February 8, 1880.

Sylburg, sll'booRG, [Lat. SYLBUR'GIUS,] (FRIED-
RICH,) a German scholar, born near Marburg in 1536.
He studied Greek at Jena, and subsequently entered
into a connection with the printer Jerome Commelin,
at Heidelberg, as director of the printing of the Greek
and Latin classics. He published editions of Pausa-
nias, Aristotle, Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Zosimus,
Jnstin Martyr, and other ancient writers. He also
contributed to the "Thesaurus" of Henry Stephens.
Sylburg was one of the greatest scholars of his time,
and his editions of the classics have perhaps never been
surpassed in critical accuracy. Died in 1596.

Sec J. G. JUNG, " Lebensbeschreibung F. Sylburg's," 1745; M.
ADAM, " Viue Philosophorum ;" FABRICIUS, " Bibliotheca Grzca.

Sylburgius. See SYLBURG.
Sylla. See SULLA.
Bylvanus. See SILVANUS.
Sylverius. See SILVERIUS.

SyT-ves'ter, [Fr. SILVESTRE, sel'vestR' ; It. SILVES-
iRO, sel-ves'tRo,J SAINT, was elected Pope of Rome
in 314 A.D. Under his pontificate the celebrated Coun-
cil of Nice was assembled (325) and the Arian heresy
was first promulgated. Died in 335.

See MRS. JAMESON, " History of Sacred and Legendary Art"
Sylvester IL succeeded Gregory V. as Pope of
Rome in 999 A.D. His original name was GERBEET,
and he was a native of Auvergne. He was distinguished
for his attainments in mathematics and philosophy, and
made several valuable discoveries. He died in 1003,
leaving a number of scientific treatises.

Sylvester TTT, ANTI-POPE, was raised to the pon-
tificate in 1013, in opposition to Benedict IX., but after
a short time he was deposed.

Syl-veVter, (JAMES JOSEPH,) LL.D., an English
mathematician, born in London, of Jewish parents, Sep-
tember 3, 1814. He graduated at Saint John's College,
Cambridge, as second wrangler, held professorships
of mathematics in University College, London, in the
University of Virginia, in the Royal Military Academy
at Woolwich, and at Johns Hopkins University, Balti-
more, (1876-83,) and in 1883 became professor of geom
etry in the University of Oxford. He was one of th<
protbundest of modern students of the higher algebra
made very important improvements and discoveries ii
various branches of pure and applied mathematics, an
was author of many valuable scientific papers. Died i
London, March 15, 1897.

Sjfl-vSs'ter, (JOSHUA,) an English Puritan writer
born in 1563, was the author of a poem entitled "To
bacco Battered and the Pipes Shattered by a Volley o
Holy Shot Thundered from Mount Helicon." He mad
several translations from the French. Died in 1618.

Sylvester, (MATTHEW,) an English nonconformis
minister, was ejected about 1662, after which he preachec
in London. He edited Baxter's " History of his Lif
ard Times." Died in 1708.

Sylvius, the Latin of DUBOIS, (which see.)
Sylvius, (;NEAS.) See Pius II.
Sylvius, (FRANZ.) See DUBOIS DE LA BOB.
Sylvius, sll've-iis, (LAMBERT,) or Van den Bosch,
rtn den bosk, a Dutch writer, born at Dort in 1610
He wrote histories, poems, etc. Died in 1688.

Syme, (JAMES,) an eminent Scottish surgeon and phy
sician, born in Fifeshire about iSoo. He was a pup'
of Robert Liston, at Edinburgh. He gained a hig
reputation as an operator and as a writer on surgery
About 1833 he became professor of clinical surgery i
the University of Edinburgh. Among his works are
Treatise on the Excision of Diseased Joints," (1831



Principles of Surgery, v (1832,) and a "Treatise o
Diseases of the Rectum," (1838-46-) Di d in l8 7-

Symes, simz, (MICHAEL,) an English officer and di
lomatist, was ambassador to the Burmese court i. 1795
nd published, after his return, his " Embassy <o thi
ingdom of Ava." Died in 1809.
Sym'ing-tpn, (ANDREW JAMES,) a Scottish Author
orn at Paisley, July 27, 1825. Among his works an
Harebell Chimes," (1848,) "Genevieve, and othe
>oems," (1855,) "The Beautiful in Art, Naturo, ano
^ife," (1857,) " Pen and Pencil Sketches in Iceland and
^aroe," (1862,) "The Reasonableness of Faith," (1870,)
.ives of Chalmers, Guthrie, Lover, Thomas Moora, Bry-
nt and Wordsworth, " Christmas in Picture, Song, ana
itory," (1878,) "The Four Seasons," (1879,) and " Hinu
o Our Boys," (1884.)

SjFm'ing-t9n, (W.,) a Scottish theologian, born in
795. He was a professor of theology of the Re-
orrned Presbyterian Church, and lived in Glasgow. He
mblished works entitled "The Atonement and Inter.-es-
ion of Christ," and "Mediatorial Dominion of Chrigt"
Died in Glasgow in January, 1862.

Sjfm'ma-ehus, [Gr. 2w/a.w ; Fr. SYMMAQUE, '
mik',] surn'amed THE SAMARITAN, is supposed to have
lourished about 200 A.D. Having been converted to
Christianity, he made a translation of the Old Testament
nto Greek, which has been highly commended for th
;race and perspicuity of its style.

Symmachus, (CcELius,) born in Sardinia, succeeded
Anastasius II. as Pope of Rome in 498 A.D. Died in 514.

Symmachus, (QuiNTUS AURELIUS,) a Roman orator
and statesman. He became successively proconsul of
Africa, prefect of Rome, (384,) and consul, (391 A.D.)
rle was a zealous defender of paganism, and laboured
earnestly to prevent its downfall. Died about 410.
Among his extant works are ten books of letters, which
contain a great deal of interesting and valuable infor-
mation. He is said to have been a man of great ability
and learning. Fragments of his orations have been pub-
ished by Angelo Mai.

See FABRICIUS, "Bibliotheca Latina;" ANCELO MAI, "Com-
menurii Przvii de Symmacho :" E. MORIN, " Etude sur la Vie de
Symmaque," 1847; " NouveUe Biographic Ge^rale."

Symmaque. See SYMMACHUS.

Symmes, slmz, JOHN CLEVES,) an American soldier,
aorn in New Jersey about 1780, is chiefly known as the
advocate of a theory representing the earth as hollow,
pen at the poles, and habitable within. He wrote
several treatises on the subject, but made very few
converts. Died in 1829.

Sjrm'monS, (CHARLES,) M.D., born at Cardigan,
Wales, in 1749, was the author of a " Life of Milton,"
and dramatic poems entitled " Inez" and " Constantia."
Died in 1826.

Sy'mpndS, (JOHN ADDINGTON,) an English author,
born at Bristol, October 5, 1840. He was educated at
Harrow, and at Balliol College, Oxford. He is the
author of a masterly " History of the Renaissance in
Italy," (5 vols., 1875-81,) an " Introduction to the Study
of Dante," a "Life of Shelley," and other works. He
also published several volumes of verse, and an excel-
lent work called "Shakespeare's Predecessors in the
English Drama," (1883.) Died April 19, 1893.

Sy'mpnda, (Sir WILLIAM,) an English rear-admiral
nd naval architect, born in 1782. He made improve-
ments in the construction of ships, and was surveyor of
the navy from 1832 to 1847. Died in 1856.

Sy'mpns, JELINGER C.,) an English writer and phi-
lanthropist, born in 1809 or 1810. He wrote on educa-
tion and social reform. Died in 1860.

Syn, s?n, or Synia, sln'e-a, [perhaps from syn,
"sight," and so named on account of her watchfulness
and sagacity,] a goddess in the Norse mythology, the
portress of the hall or palace of Odin, and also the
patron of those who in a lawsuit are in danger of being
injured by false testimony.

Syn-ceHus, [Gr. 2uj/aWof; ; Fr. LE SYNCELLE, leh
saN'sel',] (GEORGE,) a Greek monk and chronicler of the
eighth century, was the author of a " Chronography," or


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 334 of 425)