Joseph Thomas.

Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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chronological history of the world from the creation to
the time of Diocletian.



&. P, I, o, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 5, u, j7, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; met; not; good; m<56n



SYNESIUS



2275



TACITO



Synesius, sl-nee'she^us, [Gr. Zmeatof,] a celebrated
Neo-Platonic philosopher, was born at Cyrene, in Africa,
in 378 A.D. He was a disciple of Hypatia at Alexandria ;
but ke was afterwards converted to Christianity, and
became Bishop of Ptolemais in 410 A.D. He was the
author of a treatise "On Dreams," "Dion, or on Self-
Discipline," a large collection of letters, and several
hymns and epigrams. His works are admired for the
style and other merits. Died about 430.

See CLAUSEN, "De Synesio Philosopho," 1831; DROUON,
"fitudesur la Vie et les CEuvres de Synesius," 1859: B. K.OLBB,
" Der Bischof Synesius von Cyrene als Physiker," 1850 ; TILLEMONT.
" Me'moires eccle'siastiques ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'raJe."

Synesius, a Greek writer on medicine, the date of
whose birth is unknown. His "Treatise on Fevers," a
translation from the Arabic of Ibnu'l-Jezzar, is his only
extant work.

Synge, slnj, (EDWARD,) born at Cork, in Ireland, in
1659, rose to be Archbishop of Tuam. He was the
author of several religious works. Died in 1741.

Syn'tl-pas, the Greek form of the name of Seude-
bad, sSn'deh-bad', a Hindoo or Persian philosopher, to
whom is ascribed a collection of tales and apologues
which were translated into Greek by Michael Andreo-
poulos. These tales were published by Boissonnade
in 1828.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Sy'phax, [Gr. 2i>0o|,] a king of Numidia, made an
alliance with the Romans in 213 B.C., after which he
waged war against Masinissa. About the year 204 he
became an ally of Carthage in the second Punic war.
He was defeated by Scipio in 203 B.C., and was taken
as a prisoner to Rome. Died about 201.

See LIVY, "History of Rome."

Syr-I-a'nuB, [Gr. Sfptaroc,] a Greek philosopher of
the Neo-Platonic school, was born at Alexandria or
Gaza. He succeeded Plutarchus as the head of the
Neo-Platonic school at Athens. Among his disciples
was the celebrated Proclus, who expressed a very high
opinion of Syrianus. He wrote several works, which
are lost, and a "Commentary on the Metaphysics of
Aristotle," which is extant. Died about 450 A.D.



Syr-o-pulus, (SYLVESTER,) an ecclesiastic of the
Greek Church, and resident of Constantinople in the
fifteenth century, was the author of a " History of the
Council of Florence."

Syrus. See PUBLIUS SYRUS.

Szabo, sa'bo, (DAVID,) a Transylvanian poet, born
in 1739, made a translation of Milton's " Paradise Lost"
and of Virgil's " jEneid," and published a poem entitled
a "Description of Rural Life." Died in 1819.

Szalay, soh'loi, (LADISLAUS,) a Hungarian writer,
born at Buda in 1813, succeeded Kossuth in 1844 as
editor of the " Pesti Hirlap." Among his principal
works are a " History of Hungary," " The Book of
Statesmen," (1847,) and "Publicistic Writings," (1847.)
Died in 1864.

Szalkai, sol'ki, (ANTHONY,) a Hungarian dramatis
poet of the eighteenth century. His " Pikko Hertzeg"
is said to have been the first regular drama in the Hun-
garian language. Died in 1804.

Szechenyi, sa'KSn-ye, (STEPHEN,) COUNT, a Hun-
garian nobleman, eminent for his public spirit, was born
at Vienna in 1792. He was a liberal patron of learning
and promoter of rural economy. He was a pioneer in
the navigation of the Danube by steam. In politics he
opposed the measures of Kossuth which produced or
preceded the revolution of 1848. Died in 1860.

Szegedi, sa'ged-e, (JOHN BAPTIST,) a Hungarian
Jesuit, born at Eisenstadt in 1699. He published seve-
ral works on Hungarian history and laws. Died in 1760

Sze-ma-Kwang. See SSE-MA-KWANG.

Sze-ma-Tsien. See SSE-MA-TSIEN.

Szemere, sa'meh-ri, (BARTHOLOMEW,) a Hungarian
patriot and statesman, born in the county of Borsod in
1812. Having previously filled several important offices
under the government, he became in 1849 president of
the new ministry. After Gbrgey became dictator, Sze-
mere took up his residence in Paris, where he published
a number of political treatises. Died in 1865.

Szigligeti, sig^Ie-gi-te, (JOSEPH,) a distinguished
Hungarian dramatist, born at Grosswardein in 1814. He
published, among other plays, "The Travelling Actor,"
and "Crown and Sword." Died January 19, 1878



T.



Tabaraud, ta'bi'ro', (MATHIEU MATHURIN,) a
French Jansenist priest and writer, born at Limoges in
1744. He wrote "Histoire de Pierre de Be"rulle," (2
vols., 1817,) and many controversial works, among which
is an "Essay on the State of the Jesuits in France,"
(1828.) Died in 1832.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nirale."
Tabaree or Tabarf, (Aboo- (Abu-) Jaafar-Mo-
hammed, a'boo ja'a-far mo-ham'med,) an eminent Arab
historian, born in Tabaristan in 839 A.D. He was the
author of a " Universal History from the Creation 10314
A.D.," a " Commentary on the Koran," and other works.
Tabarin, tf'bl'raN', the assumed name of the un-
known writer of a mass of comic dialogues and farcical
adventures in rude dramatic form. They are in French,
and seem to date from about 1620. Two volumes of
Tabarin's works were published in 1858.

Taber'nEemonta'nus, QACOBUS THEODORUS,) a
physician and naturalist, born at Berg-Zabern, in
Alsace, about 1520. His principal work is entitled a
"New Complete Herbal," (" Neue volkommen
Kraiiterbuch," ) which was highly esteemed in his time.
Died in 1590.

Tab'ley, (JOHN BYRNE WARREN,) LORD, an
English author, was born in 1835, educated at Oxford,
and succeeded his father as baronet in 1887. He pub-
lished eight volumes of poems and two novels. His
most notable productions are his plays " Philotectes"
and " Orestes." Died in 1895.

Tabouet, tjfboo-4', [Lat. TABOE'TIUS,] (JULIEN,) a
French jurist and historian, born near Le Mans about



1500. He was banished in 1556 for an alleged official
misdemeanour. Died in 1562.

Tabourot, ti"boo'ro', (ETIENNE,) a French lawyer
and humorous writer, called the " Seigneur des Accords,"
was born at Dijon in 1547. He published a collection
of facetious poems entitled " Les Bigarrures et Touches
du Seigneur des Accords," etc., (1572.) Died in 1590.

Tabreezee or Tabriz!, ta-bree'zee, (Aboo- (Abu-)
Zacharia-Yahia, a'boo zi-Ka-ree'a yah'he-1,) an Arab
grammarian and critical writer, was professcir at Bagdad.

Tabriz! See TABREEZEE.

Tacca, tak'ki, (PIETRO GIACOMO,) an Italian sculptor,
was a pupil of John of Bologna. Died in 1640.

Taccoli, tik'ko-lee, (NiccoL6,) COUNT, an Italian
historian, born at Reggio in 1690; died in 1768.

Tac-fa-rl'nas, a Numidian, who, during the reign of
Tiberius,' took arms against the Romans, about 1 8 A.D.
He gained some victories, but was defeated and killed
in 24 A.D.

Tachard, ti'shiR', (Gui.) a French Jesuit and mis-
sionary to Siam in 1685, published, after his return, ar
account of his travels, (2 vols., 1689.) Died in 1711.

Tache, ta'sha', (ALEXANDRE,) D.D., a Canadian prel-
ate, born at Kamouraska in 1822. Educated at Saint
Hyacinthe College, he went in 1843 to Saint Boniface,
(now in Manitoba,) was ordained a priest, and became a
missionary of the Order of Oblates of Mary Immaculate.
In 1851 he was consecrated Bishop of Arath in partibus,
succeeded as Bishop of Saint Boniface in 1853, and in
1871 was promoted to be archbishop. Died in 1894.

Tacite. See TACITUS.

Tacito. See TACITUS.



eas k; c as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as *; th as in this. ( fty See Explanations, p. 23.)



TACITUS



2276



TAILLANDIER



Ta9l-tus, [Fr. TACITE, tt'set'; It. TACITO, ta'che-to,]
(CAius CORNELIUS,) a celebrated Roman historian, was
born about 55 A.D. The events of his early life have
not been recorded. He entered the public service in
the reign of Vespasian, and married a daughter of C.
Julius Agricola, the famous general, in 78 A.D. He was
n intimate friend of Pliny the Younger, from whose
letters we derive a large part of the knowledge which
we have of his life. In the year 88 he obtained the
office of prsetor. He was one of the most eloquent
orators of his time. In the reign of Nerva he became
consul, 97 A.D., and about the same date he wrote his
work on Germany, "On the Situation, Customs, etc.
of Germany," (" De Situ, Moribus et Populis Germanise.")
Tacitus and Pliny conducted the prosecution against
Marius Priscus, who was convicted of cruelty and other
crimes in 100 A.D.

Among his earlier works is a "Life of Agricola,"
which is much admired. After the death of Nerva, he
wrote "The Histories," ("Historiarum Libri XIV.,")
which treat of the period from 68 to 96 A.D. This work
is lost, except the first five books. His reputation is
chiefly founded on his " Annals," (" Annales,") in sixteen
books, which record the history of the Roman empire from
the death of Augustus, 14 A.D., to the death of Nero, 68
A.D. This excellent work is extant, except the seventh,
eighth, ninth, and tenth books, and parts of three other
books. His "Annals" were completed about 116 A.D.
The date of his death is not known. He was a Stoic in
philosophy, and probably knew nothing of Christianity.
According to Gibbon, " he was the first historian who
applied the science of philosophy to the study of facts."
(" History," vol. i. 225.) He displays profound insight
into the motives of human conduct and the dark recesses
of character. His style is eminently concise and vigorous.

"Of the Latin historians," says Macaulay, "Tacitus
was certainly the greatest. His style, indeed, is not only
faulty in itself, but is in some respects peculiarly unfit
for historical composition. . . . He tells a fine story
finely, but he cannot tell a plain story plainly. He stim-
ulates till all stimulants lose their power. ... In the
delineation of character, Tacitus is unrivalled among
historians, and has very few superiors among dramatists
and novelists." (Essay on " History," published in the
"Edinburgh Review," 1828.)

" Tacitus," says F. W. Farrar, " towered like a giant
bove all his contemporaries, isolated and unapproach-
able. . . . The little we know of his private life is in
perfect accordance with the noble standard of his re-
corded sentiments." ("Encyclopaedia Britannica.")




MALVUZI, " Discorsi sopra Tacito," 1621.

Tacitus, (MARCUS CLAUDIUS,) Emperor of Rome,
was elected to succeed Aurelian in 275 A.D. He was
distinguished for the wisdom and energy of his admin-
istration. He defeated the Scythians, who had invaded
Pontus, but he soon after died (276) of a fever, (though
one account says he fell a victim to a conspiracy and
was assassinated,) having reigned about eight months.

Taconnet, tt'ko'n^', (TOUSSAINT G ASPARD,) a French
actor and dramatic writer, born in Paris in 1730; died
in 1774.

Tacquet, ti'k^', (ANDREW,) a learned Flemish Jesuit,
born at Antwerp in 1611, became professor of mathe-
matics in his native city. He was the author of several
mathematical works, in Latin. Died in 1660.

Tadda, del See FERRUCCI, (FRANCESCO.)

Tadema, (ALMA.) See ALMA-TADEMA.

Tadino, ta-dee'no, (GABRIEL,) an Italian general,
born near BeVgamo about 1480. He fought for the Ve-
netians against the League of Cambray, and became
grand master of the artillery of Charles V. Died in 1 543.

Tadolini, ta-do-lee'nee, (ADAMO,) an Italian sculp-
tor, born at Bologna in 1789. His statue of Saint Francis
de Sales is highly praised. Died in 1868.

Tadolini, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian composer, born at
Bologna in 1793. He composed " II Tamerlano," " Al-
manzor," and other successful operas. Died in 1872.

Tadrus, King of Abyssinia. See THEODORE.



Tafel, tj'fel, (GOTTLIEB LUCAS FRIEDRICH,) a German
scholar andantiquary, born in 1787 ; died at Ulm in 1860.

Tafel, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH IMMANUEL,) a distin-
guished German Swedenborgian, was born at Sulzbach,
in Wurtemberg, in 1796. He became librarian of the
University at Tubingen, translated several of Sweden-
borg's works into German, and wrote, besides many
other works, " Svvedenborg and his Opponents," (" Swe-
denborg und seine Gegner," 2 vols., 1841.) Died at
Ragaz, in Switzerland, in 1862.

See C. DUBHRG, " Leben und Wirken von Dr. J. F. Immanual
Tafel," Wismar, 1864.

Taffl, taf'fee, (ANDREA,) a Florentine artist, born in
1213, was the first to introduce the art of painting in
mosaic into Italy. Died in 1294.

Tafuri, ta-foo'ree, (G. B.,) an Italian writer, born at
Nardo in 1695. He published, besides other works, an
" Account of the Writers born in the Kingdom of
Naples," (9 vols., 1744-70.) Died in 1760.

Tafuri, (MATTEO,) called MATTR*US SOLETA'NUS, an
Italian philosopher and physician, born at Soleto in
1492. He wrote on theology, medicine, astronomy, etc.
Died about 1585.

Ta'gea, [Fr. TAGES, tithe's',] an Etrurian genius or
mythical personage, who is said to have issued from a
clod of earth, and is represented as a boy with the wis-
dom of an old man. He is said to have taught the art
of predicting the future by the inspection of the entrails
of victims.

Tagesen.^ See TAUSSEN.

Tagliacarne, tal-ya-kaR'ni, (BENEDETTO,) called
THEOCRE'NUS, [Fr. THEOCRENE, ti'o'kRjn',] an Italian
littlrateur and poet, born at Sarzana about 1480. He
removed to France, obtained the favour of Francis I.,
and was appointed Bishop of Grasse in 1533. Died
in 1536.

Tagliacozio. See TAGLIACOZZI.

Tagliacozzi, tal-yl-kot'see, or Tagliacozio, til-yl-
kot'se-o, [Lat TALIACO'TIUS,] (GASPARO,) an eminent
Italian surgeon, born at Bologna in 1546. He became
professor of anatomy and surgery in his native city,
where he enjoyed a high reputation as a lecturer ; but his
fame rests chiefly on his skill in restoring lost features,
particularly noses. He published several surgical works,
in Latin. His method of forming the nose has been
called the "Taliacotian process." Died in 1599.

See "Biographic Midicale;" FANTUZZI, " Scrittori Holognesi."

Taglioni, tll-yo'nee, (MARIE,) a celebrated opera-
dancer, born in 1804 at Stockholm, where her father,
Filippo Taglioni, held the post of ballet-master. She
performed with brilliant success in Paris, London, and
the other principal cities of Enrope. In 1832 she was
married to Count Gilbert de Vpisins. Having amassed
a large fortune, in 1847 she retired from the stage, but
lost her property in the Franco-German war, (1870,) and
afterwards maintained herself in London by giving les-
sons in dancing. She died in 1884. Her brother Paul,
born at Vienna in 1808, became ballet-master in London,
and composed a number of ballets. He died Jan. 7, 1884.

Tab-seen'- (or Tahsin-) ood-Deen, a Mohammedan
writer of India. He wrote in the Oordoo language a
celebrated " Story of Kamrup and Kala," which much
resembles the well-known story of "Sindbad the Sailor.
Tahseen lived in the present century.

Tahureau, tfii'ro', (JACQUES,) a French poet, born
at Mans in 1527 ; died in 1555.

Taillandier, ti'yoN'de-V, (ALPHONSE HONORS,) a
French publicist and lawyer, born in Paris in 1797. He
was a Liberal member of the Chamber of Deputies in
the reign of Louis Philippe. He published several works
on legislation and penal laws, and contributed to the
" Nouvelle Biographic Generate." Died in 1867.

Taillandier, (CHARLES Louis,) a learned French
Benedictine monk and writer, was born at Arras in 1705 ;
died in 1786.

Taillandier, (RENE GASPARD ERNEST,) a French
philosopher and critic, born in Paris in 1817. He
studied in Paris, and subsequently at Heidelberg, and
was appointed in 1843 professor of French literature at
Montpellier. He published, among other works, a treat-
ise " On Erigena the Scot, and the Scholastic Philos-



R, e, I, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, 1, 6, u, y\ short; a, e, j, p, obscure; far, fall, fat; m?t; not; g<Jod: m<5on;



TAILLASSON



2277



TALFOURD



ophy," (1843,) a " History of Young Germany," (1848,)
and " Maurice de Saxe," (1865.) He was a contributor to
the " Revue des Deux Mondes." Died Feb. 22, 1879.

TaillasBon, tfyt'soN', (JEAN JOSEPH,) a skilful
French historical painter and litterateur, born near Bor-
deaux in 1746, was a pupil of Vien. He was admitted
into the Academy of Painting in 1784. Died in 1809.

Taillepied, til'pe-i' or tf ye-pe-4', (NoEL,) a French
biographer and antiquary, born near Rouen about 1540.
He published, besides other works, a " Life of Luther,"
(1577,) and a " History of the State and Republic of the
Druids," etc., (1585.) Died in 1589.

Taiiie, tjn, (HiPPOLYTE ADOLPHE,) a French litti-
rateur, born at Vouziers in 1828. He published an
"Essay on Titus Livius," (1854,) "The French Philoso-
phers of the Nineteenth Century," (1856,) a " History
of English Literature," (4 vols., 1864,) "Nouveaux Essais
de Critique et d'Histoire," (1865,) "Les Origines de la
France contemporaine," (4 vols., 1875-94,) etc. In 1864
he was chosen to teach aesthetics and the history of art
in the School of Fine Arts. Died March 4, 1893.

Tai-Ping-Wang. See TIEN-TE.

Taisand, ti'ziN', (PIERRE,) a French jurist, born at
Dijon in 1644. He wrote " The Lives of the Most Cele-
brated Jurists of all Nations," (in French, 1721.) Died
in 1715.

Tait, (ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL,) a British prelate, born
in Edinburgh in 1811. He was educated at Oxford,
where he opposed the Tractarian principles and gradu-
ated about 1836. He succeeded Dr. Arnold as head-
master of Rugby School in 1842, was appointed Dean of
Carlisle in 1850, Bishop of London in 1856, and Arch-
oishop of Canterbury in 1868. He published " The Dan-
gers and Safeguards of Theology," etc. Died Dec. 3, 1882.

Tait, (PETER GUTHRIE,) a Scottish mathematician,
born at Dalkeith, April 28, 1831. He was educated a!
the Peterhouse, Cambridge, where he took a Fellowship,
having graduated as senior wrangler in 1852. He was
chosen professor of mathematics in Queen's College,
Belfast, in 1854, and in 1862 was appointed professor
of natural philosophy in Edinburgh University. Among
his writings are " An Elementary Treatise on Quater-
nions" (1867) and "Thermodynamics," (1868.) He pre-
pared (with W. J. Steele) a "Treatise on the Dynamics
of a Particle," (1856,) with Sir W. Thomson, "An Ele-
mentary Treatise on Natural Philosophy," (1867,) and
with Balfour Stewart, "The Unseen Universe, "a highly
successful work. He wrote also " Light," (1884,)
"Heat," (1884,) "Properties of Matter," (1885,)
and " Dynamics," (1895.)

Talbert, til'baiR', (FRANCOIS XAVIER,) a French
writer and ecclesiastic, born at Besan9on in 1728, pub-
lished eulogies on Bossuet, Montaigne, and other emi-
nent men ; also several poems. Died in 1803.

Tal'bpt, (CATHERINE,) an English writer, grand-
daughter of the Bishop of Durham, was born in 1720.
She was the author of " Reflections on the Seven Days
of the Week," " Letters to a Friend on a Future State,"
" Essays on Various Subjects," " Dialogues," " Pas-
torals, and " Poems." She is also said to have con-
tributed to the " Athenian Letters," and to have written
the thirtieth number of "The Rambler." She was an
intimate friend of Mrs. Elizabeth Carter. Died in 1770.

See PENNINGTON, "Life of C. Talbot ;" DRAKE, "Essays;"
MRS. El WOOD, "Memoirs of the Literary Ladies of England from
the Commencement of the Last Century," vol. i. ; "Monthly Re-
new" fo~ April, 1772.

Talbot, (CHARLES.) See SHREWSBURY, DUKE OF.

Talbot, (CHARLES,) an eminent English jurist, born
in 1684, was a son of W. Talbot, Bishop of Durham.
He practised law with great success, and acquired a
high reputation as an eloquent debater in Parliament
In 1733 he became lord chancellor of England, and was
created Baron Talbot. According to Lord Campbell,
" he was without an accuser, without an enemy, without
a detractor, without any one, from malice or mistake, to
cavil at any part of his character, conduct, or demean-
our." Died in 1737.

See LORD CAMPBELL, " Lives of the Lord Chancellors," voL i.
Foss, "The Judges of England."

Talbot, tSl'bo', (EUGENE,) a French littlrateur, born



at Chartres in 1814, was professor of rhetoric in the Col-
le'ge Louis-le-Grand, Paris. He produced versions of
the works of Lucian and Xenophon. Died in 1894.

Talbot, (JOHN,) Earl of Shrewsbury, a celebrated
military commander, born in Shropshire, England, in
1373. Appointed in 1414 lieutenant of Ireland, he
brought the insurgent chiefs into subjection, and took
prisoner the famous Donald McMurrough. From 1419
to 1422 he served in the French campaigns of Henry
V., and, after the death of that sovereign, gained a
succession of signal victories over the French armies.
Having laid siege to Orleans, he was compelled to
retire before the forces of the enemy, led on by Joan of
Arc, (1429,) and after the battle of Patai, in the same
year, was made prisoner. He was created commander-
m-chief after his release, and took Le Crotoy, Harfleur,
and several other towns. He was subsequently made
Earl of Shrewsbury in England, Earl of Waterford
and Wexford in Ireland, and in 1446 appointed for the
third time lord lieutenant of Ireland. While attempting
to raise the siege of Castellan, in France, in 1453, he
was killed, together with his son, Lord de 1'Isle.

See HUME, " History of England ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"n6-
rale ;" MONSTRELBT, " Chronicle ;" SHAKSPBARE'S Henry VI., '
part i. act iv.

Talbot, (JOSEPH CRUIKSHANK,) D.D., LL.D., an
American bishop, born at Alexandria, Virginia, Septem-
ber 5, 1816, was ordained a presbyter of the Episcopa 1
Church in 1848 at Louisville, Kentucky, and was made
in 1860 Bishop of the Northwest, where he won great
success as a missionary. In 1865 he was translated to
Indiana as assistant bishop, and in 1872 succeeded 33
diocesan. Died in 1883.

Talbot, (PETER,) a learned Jesuit and writer on the
ology, born in Ireland in 1620. He was appointed Arch-
bishop of Dublin in 1669. He published a "Treatise
on the Nature of Faith," (1657,) and several controver-
sial works. Accused of complicity in the Popish Plot,
he was confined in prison from 1678 until his death, in
1680. He was a brother of Richard, Earl of Tyrconnel.

Talbot, (RICHARD.) See TYRCONNEL.

Talbot, (ROBERT,) an English divine, and prebendary
of Wells Cathedral, was a native of Northamptonshire,
He published a commentary and notes on the " Itine-
rary" of Antoninus. Died in 1558.

Tal'bpt, (SlLAS,) an American Revolutionary officer
oorn in Rhode Island about 1750, distinguished himself
in several important engagements both by land and sea.
Having been made a captain in the nary, he was ap-
pointed to the command of the frigate Constitution in
1799. Died in 1813. His life has been written by H. T.
Tuckerman.

Talbot, (WILLIAM,) an English prelate, born in
Staffordshire in 1659. He became Bishop of Oxford in
1699, and of Salisbury in 1715. lie was transferred to
the see of Durham in 1722. Died in 1730. His son
Charles became lord chancellor.

Talbot, (WILLIAM HENRY Fox,) the inventor of
photography on paper, was born in Wiltshire, England,
in 1800. He discovered the process of photography in
1833 or 1834, but he did not announce it to the public
until 1839. Daguerre anticipated him by the publication
of a similar discovety. The process of Talbot wag
called Calotype, and Talbotype. He published "The
Pencil of Nature," (1844,) etc. Died Sept. 17, 1877.

Talfourd, tawl'ford, (THOMAS NOON,) called SER-
GEANT TALFOURD, an English dramatist, essayist, and
lawyer, born at Doxey, a suburb of Stafford, in 1795. He
was a pupil of Dr. Valpy, and studied law under Mr.
Chitty. Having been called to the bar in 1821, he married
a Miss Rutt, and joined the Oxford circuit. In 1835 he
became a Liberal member of Parliament, in which he
procured the passage of an important law of copy-
right He contributed to the "Edinburgh Review"
and other periodicals. In 1835 he produced "Ion," a
tragedy, which was very successful. He wrote several
other dramas, and "Memorials of Ctarles Lamb," (1848.)
He was appointed a judge in 1849. Died in 1854.



for January, 1838.



easi; cas.r; %hard; gas/; G, H, K, guttural- N nasal: R. trilled: sast: thasinM.



Explanations, p. 23.!



TALHOUET



2278



TALLEYRAND



See TAGLIACOZZI.



tun dos'tuN
phine" in 1652.



commonly known as simply Talley-rand, a celebrated
French diplomatist and wit, born in Paris on the 131(1 of
February, 1754, was the eldest son of Charles Daniel,
Count de Talleyrand. An accident which occurred in
his infancy made him lame for life. In consequence of
this lameness, he was required to renounce his birthright
and enter the Church, although the clerical profession


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 335 of 425)