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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Bavarian general, born at Tann, June 18, 1815. He
entered the army at an early age, and in 1860 was made
a lieutenant-general. In the war of 1866 he was chiet
of staff to Prince Charles of Bavaria, and in the war with

a, e, ', 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, J, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; far, fall, fat; m8t; not; good; moSn;




France he commanded the first Bavarian corps. He
took a prominent part in the operations attending the
siege of Paris. Died at Meran, April 26, 1881.

Tan'na-hiU, (ROBERT,) a Scottish poet, born at
Paisley in 1774 His songs and ballads are remarkable
for their grace, simplicity, and pathos ; among the most
admired may be named his "Song of the Battle of
Vittoria," and "Jessie the Flower of Dumblane." He
committed suicide, in a paroxysm of insanity, by drown-
ing, in 1810.

See CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen."

Tanneguy. See DucaXTEL, (CHARLES MARIE,) and

Tan'ner, (BENJAMIN TUCKER,) an African-Ameri-
can bishop, was born at Pittshurg, Pennsylvania, in
1835. He became a minister in the African Metho-
dist Episcopal Church, for many years edited its
organs, the "Christian Recorder" and the "Church
Review," and was ordained bishop in iSSS. He
wrote several works concerning the negroes.

Tanner, tan'ner, (MATTHIAS,) a German Jesuit and
biographer, born at Pilsen about 1625. He wrote notices
of many eminent Jesuits. Died about 1705.

Tan'ner, (THOMAS,) an English prelate and antiquary,
porn in Wiltshire in 1674. He was the author of "No-
titia Monastica, or an Account of the Religious Houses
: .n England and Wales," and "Bibliotheca Britannico-
Hibernica," (1748,) a biographical and bibliographical
work of great value. He was made Bishop of Saint
Asaph in 1732. Died in 1735.

Tansillo, tan-sel'lo, (Luioi,) an Italian poet, born at
Venosa, in the kingdom of Naples, about 1510. His
principal work is entitled "The Tears of Saint Peter,"
("Le Lagrime di San Pietro," 1585.) He also wrote a
number of lyrics, sonnets, etc., which had a high repu-
tation in his time. Died in 1568.

Tantale. See TANTALUS.

Tantalo. See TANTALUS.

Tan'ta-lus, [Gr. Tovratof ; Fr. TANTALE, toVttl';
It. TANTALO, tjn'ta-lo,] a fabulous king of Lydia or
Phrygia, said to have been a son of Jupiter, and the
father of Pelops and Niobe. He was the subject of
various legends, according to one of which, having been
admitted to the table of the gods, he divulged some
secrets which he heard there. For this offence he was
condemned to suffer perpetual thirst, standing in water
which receded whenever he attempted to drink it ; he
was, moreover, " tantalized" by the sight of fruit which
hung close to his lips, but which he could never taste.
According to some writers, this penalty was inflicted on
him because he killed his son Pelops and offered his
flesh as food to the gods whom he once entertained at
his house.

Tanucci, di ,de ta-noot'chee, (BERNARDO,) MARQUIS,
an Italian minister of state, born in Tuscany in 1698.
He became prime minister at Naples about 1740, and
continued in power until 1776. During this period he
banished the Jesuits and resisted some papal encroach-
ments. He patronized learning liberally. Died in 1783.

See COPPI, "Annali d'ltalia dal 1760;" " Nouvelle Biographic

Taparelli. See AZEGLIO, D', (MASSIMO.)

Tapia, de, da ta'pe-a, (Don EUGENIC,) a Spanish
litttrattur and jurist, born at Avila, in Old Castile, about
1785, published "Poems, Lyrical, Satirical, and Dra-
matic," (1821,) "History of Spanish Civilization," (4
ols., 1840,) which is highly commended, " Elements of
Commercial Law," (15 vols.,) and other works. He was
a Liberal in politics. Died at Madrid in 1860.

Tap'lin, (WILLIAM,) an English veterinary surgeon,
who made improvements in his art, and wrote several
works on farriery and the treatment of lame horses.
Died in 1807.

Tap'pan, (ARTHUR,) an American merchant, dis-
tinguished as an opponent of slavery, was born at North-
ampton, Massachusetts, in 1 786. He became a merchant
of New York City, gave money liberally to the Anti-
Slavery Society, and was one of the founders of Oberlin
College, Ohio. Died in 1865.

See "Life of Arthur Tappan," by LEWIS TAPPAH, 1870.

Tappan, (BENJAMIN,) a lawyer, a brother of tha
preceding, was born at Northampton, Massachusetts, in
1773. He became a judge in Ohio, and was a Senator
of the United States from 1839 to 1845. Died at Steu
benville in 1857.

Tappan, (DAVID,) D.D., an American divine, born at
Manchester, Massachusetts, in 1753. He became pro-
fessor of divinity at Harvard College in 1792. Died ic

Tappan, (HENRY PHILIP,) D.D., LL.D., an American
divine and theological writer, born at Rhinebeck, New
York, about 1806. He was appointed in 1832 pro-
fessor of moral and intellectual philosophy in the
University of the City of New York, and subsequently
became chancellor of the University of Michigan.
He published "The Doctrine of the Will applied to
Moral Agency and Responsibility," (1841,) and several
other works. Died November 15, 1881.

Tappan, (WILLIAM BINGHAM,) an American poet,
born at Beverly, Massachusetts, in 1794, became gen-
eral agent of the American Sunday-School Union. He
published several volumes of poems. Died in 1849.

Taraise. See TARASIUS.

Tarakanof. See TARRAKANOF.

Tarasius, ta-ra'she-us, [Fr. TARAISE, tS'r^z',] SAINT,
born about 745 A.D., became Patriarch of Constantinople
in 784. Died in 806.

Tarayre, tS'raV, (JEAN JOSEPH,) a French general,
distinguished as an agriculturist, was born at Solsac
(Aveyron) in 1770. He commanded the Dutch troops
that opposed the English at Walcheren in July, 1809.
Died in 1855.

Tarb6, taR'bi', (CHARLES,) a French royalist, born
at Sens in 1756. He was a prominent member of the
Legislative Assembly in 1791. Died in 1804.

Tarbe, (PROSPER,) a French antiquary, born in
1809; died January 3, 1871.

Tar'bell, (IDA M.,) an American author, was
born in Erie county, Pennsylvania, in 1857. She was
an associate editor of the " Chautauquan" 188391,
and of " McClure's Magazine" after 1894. She wrote
" Life of Madame Roland," " Early Life of Abraham
Lincoln," etc.

Taroagnota. See MARULLO.

Tarcagnota, taR-kan-yo'ta, (GIOVANNI,) an Italian
historian, born at Gaeta. He published a " History
of the World," of little merit, (4 vols., 1562.) Died
in 1566.

Tarchi, taR'kee, (ANGELO,) an Italian composer, born
at Naples in 1759, produced several operas. Died in
Paris in 1814.

Tar'-ehon, a hero of the Etruscan mythology, was,
according to some authors, a Pelasgian chief who founded
a colony in the north of Italy. Virgil relates that Tar-
chon offered the crown of the Etruscans (Tyrrheni) to

See " ^Eneid, " book viiL, 506.

Tardieu, tiR'de-uh', (AMBROISEJ a French en-
graver, was born in Paris in 1788. He published an
"Atlas of Ancient Geography," and other similar works,
and engraved a number of portraits and architectural
pieces. Died in 1841.

Tardieu, (ANTOINE FRANCOIS,) a French map-
engraver, born in Paris in 1757, was the father of the-
preceding. Among his works may be mentioned the
maps of Choiseul-Gouffier's " Voyage pittoresque de la
Grece," and the great Chart of European Russia. Died
in 1822.

Tardieu, (AUGUSTE AMBROISE,) a French medical
writer, born in Paris in 1818. Died January 12, 1879.

Tardieu, (JACQUES NICOLAS,) a son of Nicolas
Henri, noticed below, was born in Paris in 1716, and
attained distinction as an engraver. He executed
numerous portraits and landscapes. Died about 1792.

Tardieu, (JEAN BAPTISTE PIERRE,) an engraver, a
nephew of Nicolas Henri, was born in Paris in 1746.
He acquired a high reputation as a geographical en-
graver. Among his best works are his " Charts of the
Netherlands," engraved for the empress Maria Theresa.
Died in 1816.

as k; c as s: g hard; g as /'; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: th as in this. C^~ See Explanations, p. 23.)




Tardieu, (JEAN CHARLES,) an artist, a son of Jacques
Nicolas, noticed above, was born in Paris in 1765. He
itudied painting under Regnault, and executed a number
it historical pictures. Died in 1837.

Tardieu, (NICOLAS HENRI,) a skilful French en-
graver, born in Paris in 1674, was a pupil of Gerard
Audran. He became a member of the Academy of
Painting in 1720. Died in 1749.

Tardieu, (PIERRE ALEXANDRE,) a nephew of the
preceding, was born in Paris in 1756, and studied en-
graving under J. G. Wille. Among his master-pieces
are "The Communion of Saint Jerome," after Domeni-
chino, and "The Archangel Michael," after Raphael.
Died in 1843 or 1844.

Tardieu, (PIERRE FRANCOIS,) a nephew and pupil
of Nicolas Henri, noticed above, was distinguished as
an engraver, and executed, among other works, "The
Judgment of Paris," after Rubens. Died about 1774.

Tardit tia'def, (ALEXANDRE,) a French poet, born
in 1801. Among his works are "Dramatic Essays,"
(1835,) and "Variete's poe'tiques," (1841.)

Tardif, (GuiLLAUME,) a French litterateur, born about
1440, wrote, besides other works, "Rhetorics Artis
Compendium," (about 1475.)

Tareef or Tarif, ta-reef, (Aboo- (or Abu-) Zarah,
i'boo zar'ah,) a freedman of Moosa-Ibn-Noseyr, is said
to have been the first Mohammedan officer who effected
a conquest in Spain. About the beginning of Septem-
ber, 710 A.D., he took possession of a small island fifteen
miles west-southwest of Gibraltar, since called Tarifa,
from his name, and made incursions into the adjacent
country, carrying off much booty.

Tarello, ta-rel'lo, (CAMILLO,) an Italian writer on
agriculture, published in 1567 a work entitled "Agri-
cultural Instruction," (" Ricordo d'Agricoltura,") which
is commended.

Tarente, Due DE. See MACDONALD.

Targe, tiRzh, (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French historian,
born at Orleans about 1716. He published a "History
of Italy," (4 vols., 1774,) and other works. Died in 1788.

Target, t3R'zh|', (Gui JEAN BAPTISTE,) an eloquent
French advocate, born in Paris in 1733. He was a
member of the Constituent Assembly of 1790, and
favoured the popular cause. In December, 1792, Louis
XVI. selected Target as one of his defenders in his trial,
but the latter declined to serve. Died in 1806.

See MURAIRH, "Eloge de G. J. B. Target," 1807; " Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

an Italian naturalist and physician, born at Florence in
1712. He wrote, besides other works, "Travels in Tus-
cany for the Exploration of its Natural Productions," (6
vols., 1751-54,) and an "Account of the Advancement
of Physical Science in Tuscany during Sixty Years," (3
vols., 1780.) Died in 1783.

See M. LASTRI, " Elogio stonco di G. Targioni-Tozzetti," ijSj.

Tartf. See TAREEF.

Tarik-Ibn-Zeyad, ta'rik Ib'n za'yid', written also
Tarik-Ben-Zeiad, a famous Arab chief, was the leader
of the Moors who invaded Spain, crossing the Straits
and landing at Gibraltar, in 711 A.D. He defeated King
Roderick, and conquered the southern part of Spain.
The name Gibraltar is a corruption of Gibel-Tdrik,
("mountain of Tarik.")

See MARIANA, " Historia de Espana ;" AL-MAKKARI, " Moham-
nedan Dynasties in Spain," (translated by GAYANGOS.)

Tarin, tt'raN', (PIERRE,) a French medical writer,
born near Montargis about 1700. He wrote articles on
anatomy and physiology for the " Encyclopedic" of
Diderot, and other works. Died in 1761.

Tarleton, tarl'ton, (Colonel BANNASTRE,) an Eng-
lish officer, born at Liverpool in 1754, served under
Lord Cornwallis in the war of the American Revolution.
He was distinguished for his skill and bravery, and
gained several important advantages over the American
troops ; but he was defeated by General Morgan at the
battle of Cowpens, (1781.) After his return to England,
he was elected to Parliament for Liverpool and made a
baronet and K.C.B. He wrote a " History of the Cam-
paigns of 1780-81 in the Southern Provinces of North
America," (1787.) Died about 1833.

Tarleton, (RICHARD,) a cel-brated English actor and
dramatist, was a native of Shropshire. He was noted
for his extempore wit, and was unrivalled in comic parts.
He was treated with distinguished favour by Queen
Elizabeth, who appointed him a groom of the chambei
at Barn Elms. He was the author of a play entitled
" The Seven Deadly Sins," which is not extant. Died
in 1588.

Tarnow, taR'no, (FANNY,) a German novelist and
miscellaneous writer, born in Mecklenburg-Schwerin in
1783. Among her principal works are "Natalie," a
romance, (1804,) "Two Years in Saint Petersburg,"
(1833,) and a collection of tales, (4 vols., 1840-42.) Died
in 1862.

Tarnowski, taR-nov'skee, (JOHN,) a famous Polish
military commander, born in 1488, was appointed by
Emanuel, King of Portugal, leader of his army against
the Moors. He afterwards commanded in the Polish
wars with the Russians and the Turks, and was charged
by the emperor Charles V. with the chief command of
his forces against the Turks. He was the author of a
military treatise entitled " Concilium Rationis Bellicz."
Died in 1561.

Sec ORZECHOWSKI, "Life of Tarnowski," (in Polish,) 1830;
"Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Tar-pela or Tarpeja, was a daughter of Spurius
Tarpeius, governor of one of the citadels of Rome during
the war with the Sabines. Allured by the gold orna-
ments worn by the enemy, she opened to them the gate
of the fortress ; but they, in passing, threw upon her
their shields, by which she was crushed to death. The
hill where she was buried was called the Tarpeian rock.

Tar'quin, [Fr. pron. tin'kaN'; Lat TARQUIN'IUS ; It.
TARQUINIO, taR-kwee'ne-o,] or, more fully, Lu'cius
Tarquin'iua Fris'cus, fifth King of Rome, was a
son of Demaratus, a merchant of Corinth. His original
name was LUCUMO. Having removed to Rome, he
was patronized by Ancus Martius, who appointed him
;uardian of his sons. After the death of Ancus Martius
je caused himself to be elected king, to the exclusion of
the rightful heirs. He carried on successful wars against
the Sabines and Latins, built the Circus Maximus, the
immense Cloacae, or sewers, at Rome, and promoted
various important public works. He was assassinated,
by order of the sons of Ancus, in 578 B.C.

See NIEBUHR, " History of Rome ;" PUKRUCKER, " Programma
de Vita Tarquinii Prisci," 1760; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ntrale. '

Tarqnin the Proud, [Lat. Lu'cius TARQUIN'IUS
sii'paiRb',] son of Tarquinius Priscus, and seventh King
of Rome. In 534 B.C. he succeeded Servius Tullius,
whom he had caused to be assassinated, and whose
daughter Tullia he had married. He put to death the
senators who had favoured the reforms of Servius, and,
while displaying great ability, governed with despotic
power. He conquered several neighbouring cities, built
the Capitol and other public edifices, and established
colonies at Signia and Circeii.

The outrage committed by his son Sextus upon Lu-
cretia roused the people, already exasperated by his
tyranny, to throw off the yoke, and Tarquin was deposed
by an armed force led by Junius Brutus. After several
ineffectual attempts to regain his power, he formed an
alliance with Lars Porsena of Clusium, in conjunction
with whom he fought the battle of Lake Regillus, (496
B.C.) They were totally defeated by the Romans, and
Tarqnin escaped to Cumas, where he died in 495 B.C.
He was the last of the Roman kings.

See LIVY, " History of Rome," books i. and ii. : NIBBUHR, " His-
tory of Rome;" V. MALVKZZI, "Tarquinio Superbo," 1635: K. O.
MULLBR, " Etrusker ;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" PUR-
RUCKER, " Programmata II. de Tarquinu Superbi Rebus gestis,"

Tarquinio. See TARQUIN.

Tarquinius. See TARQUIN.

Tarquinius Collatinus. See COLLATINUS.

Tarrakanof, Tarakanof, or Tarrakanow, ta-rj-
ka'nof, (ANNA PETROWNA,) a Russian princess, born in
1755, was supposed to be the daughter of the empress
Elizabeth. Having been imprisoned by Catherine II. at
Saint Petersburg, she was drowned in prison by an inun-
dation in 1777.

i, e, T, o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, ii, y\ short: a, e, i, p, obscure; fir, fill, fit; m?t; not; good;




Tar-ren-te'nus, (PATERNUS,) a Roman jurist under
the reign of Commodus, was the author of a work en-
titled " De Re militari," a part of which is extant.

Tarsia, di, de taR-see'a, (GALEAZZO,) an Italian poet,
of noble family, born in 1476. His works are principally
sonnets in the style of Petrarch. Died about 1530.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Tartaglia, taR-tal'yi, [Lat. TARTA'LEA,] (NiccoL.6,)
an Italian mathematician, born at Brescia about 1500.
His family name is not known. He was surnamed Tar-
taglia, (from tartagliare, to " stammer,") because he
had an impediment in his speech, caused by a wound
received in 1512. He taught mathematics at Verona,
Brescia, and Venice, edited the works of Archimedes,
(1543,) and wrote several treatises on mathematics, etc.
He discovered a method of resolving cubic equations.
Cardan, by a promise of secrecy, obtained this method
from him, but published it in his " Ars Magna." Died
in 1559.

See COSSALI, " Progress! dell'Algebra," 1700; FANTUZZI, Scnt-
tori Bolognesi;" " Nouvelle Biographic GeWrale."

Tartagni, taR-tan'yee, [Lat. TARTAG'NUS,] (ALESSAN-
DRO,) called IMOLEN'SIS, from Imola, his native place,
was an eminent Italian jurist, born about 1424. He
wrote on the Digest, and was professor of law at Padua
and Bologna. Died in 1477.

Tartagnus. See TARTAGNI.

Tartalea. See TARTAGLIA.

Tartare. See TARTARUS.

Tartaro. See TARTARUS.

Tartarotti, taR-ti-rot'tee, (GlROLAMO,) a learned
Italian littlrateur and antiquary, born at Roveredo in
1706. He published, besides other works, an " Idea of
the Logic of the Scholastics and Moderns," (1731.) and
"Del Congresso notturno delle Lammie," ("On the
Nocturnal Meeting of the Witches," 1749,) which is
highly commended. Died in 1761.

See C. LORENZI, " De Vita H. Tartarotti Libri III.," 1805;
"Nouvelle Biographic GeneVale."

Tar'ta-rus, [Gr. T^ropof ; Fr. LE TARTARE, leh ttR'-
tiR' ; It' TARTARO, taR'ta-ro,] in classic mythology, was
a son of jEther and Ge, and the father of the Gigantes,
or Giants. The name was also applied to that part of
the infernal regions in which the wicked were confined.
(See PI.UTO.)

Tartas, tiR'ta', (MILE,) a French general, born at
Mezin in 1796. He served in Algeria from 1840 till
1846. Died at Paris, February 25, iSno,

Tartini, taR-tee'nee, (GIUSEPPE,) a celebrated Italian
musician and composer, born at Pisano in 1692. He
was one of the first violinists of his time, and presided
over a school in Padua, where he numbered among his
pupils Pngnani and Viotti. He was the author of a
" Treatise on Music according to the True Science of
Harmony," (1754,) and was the discoverer of the so-
called grave harmonics, or third sounds. Died in 1770.
See FAYOLLE, "Notices sur Corelli, Tartini," etc., 1810; FAN-
XAGO, "Orazione delle Lodi di G. Tartini," 1762; "Nouvelle Bio-
p-aphie Ge'ne'rale. "

Taruffi, ta-roof'fee, (EMILIO,) an Italian painter of
history and landscapes, was born at Bologna in 1632 ;
died in 1694.

Taruffi, (GIUSEPPE ANTONIO,) an Italian poet, born
at Bologna in 1722 ; died in 1786.

Ta-ru'tius or Tarru'tius (tar-roo'she-us) Fir-ml-
6'nus, (Lucius,) a Roman astrologer, was a friend of
Cicero. He wrote, in Greek, a work on astronomy, and,
at the request of Varro, took the horoscope of Romulus.
Tar'vfr, (JOHN CHARLES,) a distinguished writer, of
English extraction, born at Dieppe, in Normandy, in
1790. He published a "Phraseological French-and-
English Dictionary," (1849,) a very valuable work, also
a translation of Dante's " Inferno" into French prose.
Died in 1851.

Taschenberg, tash'en-bfRG', (ERNST LUDWIG,)
German entomologist, born at Naumburg, January 10,
1818. He studied at Leipsis and Berlin, and in 1871
became professor of entomology at Halle. Among his
numerous works are " Die Hymenopteren Deutsch
lands," (1866,) " Entomologie fur Gartner," (1871,) " Was
da kriecht und fliegt," (1878,) etc. Died Jan. 19, 1898.

Tascher de la Pagerie, tS'sha' deh 19 pSzh're'
officer, born in Martinique in 1787, was a cousin-german
to the empress Josephine. He served as aide-de-camp
to Eugene de Beauharnais in many campaigns. In 1852
be became a senator. Died in 1861. His son, ROBERT
CHARLES EMILE, born in 1822, received the title of duke
n 1859, and was chosen a senator in 1861.

Tascher de la Pagerie, MADEMOISELLE. See JOSE-

Taschereau, tSsh'ro', (ELZ^AR ALEXANDRE,) D.D.,
LL.D., a Canadian prelate, born in Quebec in 1818. He
was made a Roman Catholic priest in 1842, and was
afterwards professor of philosophy in the Quebec Semi-
nary. In 1871 he was consecrated Archbishop of Quebec,
and was made cardinal in 1886. Died April 12, 1898.

Taschereau, tish'ro', (JULES ANTOINE,) a French
writer of biography, etc., was born at Tours in 1801.
He published, besides other works, a " History of the
Life and Works of Moliere," (1825,) a "History of the
Life and Works of Corneille," (1829,) and "Revue
Retrospective," (20 vols., 1833-37.) He was elected to
the Chamber of Deputies in 1837, and to the Con-
stituent Assembly in 1848. About i8<;8 he was appointed
director of the Imperial Library. Died Nov. 10, 1874.

See QUBRARD, "La France Litt^raire."

Taschifellone. See CAFFARO.

Tas'ker, (WILLIAM,) an English clergyman and poet,
born in Devonshire. He produced translations of some
of the odes of Pindar and Horace. Died in 1800.

Tasman, tas'man, (ABEL JANSSEN,) a Dutch navi-
gator of the seventeenth century, was employed by
Van Diemen, Governor-General of Batavia, in making
discoveries in the South Sea, In 1642 he discovered
the island which he named in honour of his patron,
Van Diemen's Land, also Prince William's Islands, and
others in the vicinity. Van Diemen's Land has been
named, in his honour, Tasmania.

Tas'mit, an Assyrian goddess, the wife of Nebo.
She inspired the gift of hearing and understanding the
utterances of her consort.

Tassaert, tt'sf R', (NICOLAS FRANC.OIS OCTAVE,) a
French painter, born in Paris in 1800. He painted
history and portraits, and gained a medal of the first
class in 1849. Died by suicide, April 24, 1874.

Tasae, lie, the French for TASSO, which see.

Tassel, it's?'/, (RICHARD,) a French painter, born at
Langres about 1580; died in 1660.

Tas'sie, (JAMES,) a Scottish artist, born near Glasgow
about 1735. He acquired a high reputation for his skil-
ful imitation of engraved gems by means of pastes, or
coloured glass. Died in 1799.

Tassin, ti'slN', (RENB PROSPER,) a French Bene-
dictine monk and historian, born near Domfront in 1697,
published "New Treatise on Diplomacy," ("Nouveau
Traite' de Diplomatique," 6 vols., 1765.) Died in 1777.

Tasso, tas'so, (BERNARDO,) an Italian poet, born at
Bergamo in 1493. He was patronized by Sanseverino,
Prince of Salerno, whom he accompanied in 1531 on the
expedition of Charles V. to Tunis. In 1537 he was sent
on a diplomatic mission to Spain. He was the author of
a heroic poem, entitled "L'Amadigi," founded on the
romance of Amadis de Gaul ; also numerous sonnets,
hymns, eclogues, lyrics, etc. He died in 1569, leaving
one son, the celebrated Torquato Tasso.

See LONGFELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe:" "Nouvelle
Biographic Gdn^rale ;" "Lives of the Italian Poets," by the RBV.

Tas'so, [It. pron. tas'so; Fr. LE TASSE, leh tiss,\
(TORQUATO,) [Lat, TORQUA'TUS TAS'SUS,] a celebrated
Italian epic poet, a son of the preceding, was born at
Sorrento on the Ilth of March, 1544. He was educated
at Rome, Bergamo, Venice, and Padua. To the last
city he was sent by his father to study law, which he
disliked and soon renounced. He produced in 1562 an
epic or romantic poem, entitled "Rinaldo," which he
dedicated to Cardinal Luigi d'Este. He was patronized
by the cardinal and his brother Alfonso II., Duke of
Ferrara, at whose court he passed many years, beginning
with 1565. The court of the Dukes of Este was one of
the most magnificent in Italy, and vied with that of the

e as *.- 5 as j; e hard; g as ;; G, H, TH, guttural ; N, nasal: R. trilled: s as z: th as in this.

xplanations, p. 23.)




Medici in the patronage of literature and art. There
Tasso wrote a number of sonnets and amatory verses,
and commenced his great poem "Jerusalem Delivered,"
( 'Gerusalemme Liberata.") In 1571 he accompanied

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 337 of 425)