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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Cardinal d'Este on a mission to Charles IX. of France.
He returned to Ferrara in 1572, and entered the service
of Alfonso, who gave him a pension of sixteen gold
crowns per month and admitted him to his own table.
In 1573 he produced his " Aminta," a pastoral drama,
which was received with great favour. He completed
in 1575 his epic poem, entitled "Gerusalemme Libe-
rata," which is his chief title to celebrity. About this
tine his prosperity and peace were ruined by causes
which are partly involved in mystery. He cherished a
romantic passion for Leonora, a sister of the Duke of
Este, and addressed to her a number of sonnets ex-
pressive of his admiration. It is not known whether
she had any feeling for him beyond that of simple
friendship ; but the difference in their rank was such
that he could not hope to marry a princess of the proud
and sovereign house of Este. Some writers ascribe his
misfortunes and imprisonment to this love for Leonora;
and others suppose that he offended Alfonso by his irri-
table temper, or that he was actually insane. He was
confined in a convent in 1577 by order of Alfonso, who
directed that he should be treated as a madman. He
soon escaped, and fled to Sorrento, where his sister
Cornelia lived, and remained with her a short time.
Tasso solicited permission to return to Ferrara by a
letter to Alfonso, who consented to receive him on con-
dition that he should submit to such treatment as the
physicians might prescribe. He accordingly returned in
1578, but was not restored to the favour of the duke nor
permitted to associate with Leonora. Before the end of
the year he absconded, and began to wander about from
city to city. By some strange infatuation, he was again
attracted to Ferrara in February, 1579, and was treated
with a coldness or neglect which provoked him to utter
offensive language against the duke. He was then con-
fined in a hospital for lunatics, where he remained seven
years, during which he wrote several dialogues and philo-
sophical treatises. In 1580 an incomplete or incorrect
edition of his "Jerusalem Delivered" was published at
Venice, without the consent of the author. The first
complete edition appeared in 1581. It was censured by
many critics, in answer to whom he wrote a " Defence
of the Gerusalemme Liberata," (1585.) After his release
from the hospital (1586) he passed some months at
Mantua, as the guest of Vincenzo Gonzaga, and wrote
the tragedy of " Torrismondo," (1587.) About 1588 he
removed to Naples, where he was befriended by Gio-
vanni Battista Manso. He published in 1593 a poem
called "Jerusalem Conquered," ("Gerusalemme Con-
quistata.")

Influenced by Cardinal Aldobrandini, the pope invited
Tasso to Rome, to be crowned with laurel, as Petrarch
had been. He accordingly went to Rome, and was
lodged in the pope's palace, but before the day of coro-
nation arrived he died, in April, 1595. "Many more
Italian poets," says Hallam, "ought, possibly, to be com-
memorated ; but we must hasten forward to the greatest
of them all. . . . The Jerusalem is the great epic poem,
in the strict sense, of modern times. It was justly
observed by Voltaire that, in the choice of his subject,
Tasso is superior to Homer. Whatever interest tra-
dition might have attached among the Greeks to the
wrath of Achilles and the death of Hector, was slight
to those genuine recollections which were associated
with the first crusade. It was not the theme of a single
people, but of Europe. ... In the delineation of char-
acter, at once natural, distinct, and original, Tasso must
give way to Homer, perhaps to some other epic and
romantic poets. . . . Yet here, also, the sweetness and
nobleness of his mind and his fine sense of moral beauty
are displayed. . . . The diction of Tasso excites per-
petual admiration ; it is rarely turgid or harsh, and,
though more figurative than that of Ariosto, it is so
much less than that of most of our own or the ancient
poets, that it appears simple in our eyes. Virgil, to
whom we most readily compare him, is far superior in
energy, but not in grace." (" Introduction to the Litera-



ture of Europe.") The "Gerusalemme Liberata" hai
been translated into English by Carew, Fairfax, Hoole,
and Wiffen.

See G. BATTISTA MANSO, "Vita di T. Tasso," 1619; CHARNES,
" Vie du Tasse," 1690; SERASSI, " Vita del T. Tasso," 2 vols., 1785;
FABRONI, " Elogio del Tasso," 1800 ; JOHN BLACK, " Lite of Tasso,*
1810 : EBKRT, " T. Tasso's Leben," iSto : ZUCCALA, " Delia Vita di
Tasso," 1819; R. WILDE, "Love and Madness of Tasso," New
York, 1842; R. MILMAN, "Life of Tasso," 2 yols., 1850; AUG.
DESPLACES, " Vie du Tasse;" LEIGH HUNT, " Italian Poets;" LONG-
FELLOW, "Poets and Poetry of Europe;" "Lives of the Italia*
Poets," by REV. HENRY STEBBING; VILLEMAIN. " Cours de Lit-
teVature;" N. MORKLLI, " Delia Vita diT. Tasso," 1834 ; L. CIBRA-
Rlo, "Degli Amori e della Prigione di Tasso," 1862; " Nouvelle
Biographic Generale;" " Italian Narrative Poetry," in the " North
American Review" for October, 1824, (by PRESCOTT ;) " Retro-
spective Review," vol. ii., (1825 ;) " Horace and Tasso," in th*
"Edinburgh Review" for October, 1850; "Quarterly Review" for
July, 1821, and June, 1826.

Tassoni, tis-so'nee, [Lat.TASSo'Nus,] (ALESSANDRO,)
an Italian critic and satirist, born at Modena in 1565,
became secretary to Cardinal Ascanio Colonna at Rome.
He published in 1609 "Considerations on Petrarch,"
a rather severe criticism upon that poet, which gave rise
to a bitter controversy with several of the admirers of
the bard of Vaucluse. Tassoni's principal work is a
satirical poem entitled "The Rape of the Bucket," ("La
Secchia rapita,") which is greatly admired for its humour
It is founded on an incident occurring in a war between
M6dena and Bologna, the carrying off of a wooden
bucket from the latter city by the Modenese. Among
his other productions may be named his " Pensieri
Diversi," (1612,) or observations on various subjects,
literary and scientific. Died in 1635.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe :" " Lives of the
'. HENRY STEBBING ; " Italian Narrative



teratura Italiana;" DuBois-FoNTANELLR, "Vie de Pierre Aretin e4
d'A. Tassoni," 1768; "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Tassoni, (ALESSANDRO MARIA,) an Italian theologian,
born at Collalto in 1749. He wrote an eloquent work
entitled "La Religione dimostrata e difeso," (" Religion
Explained and Defended," 3 vols., 1800-05.) In i8oa
the pope appointed \nmauditordirota. Died in 1818.

See LUIGI BIONDI, " Vita di A. M. Tassoni," 1812.

Tassonus. See TASSONI, (ALESSANDRO.)

Tassus, (TORQUATUS.) See TASSO.

Taatu, tis'tii', (SABiNE CASIMIRE AMABLE VOIART,)
a French authoress, born at Metz about 1798, was mar-
ried in 1816 to M. Tastu. She wrote a number of
poems and educational works, which were received with
great favour. " Her style," says Longfellow, " frequently
suggests the impassioned manner and stately diction of
Mrs. Hemans." Died January 10, 1885.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe ;" " Fraser'i
Magazine" for January, 1832.

Tate, (FRANCIS,) an English lawyer and antiquary,
born in Northamptonshire in 1560. He wrote sever U
works on British antiquities. Died in 1616.

Tate, (NAHUM,) a poet and dramatist, born at Dublin
in 1652. He succeeded Shadwell as poet-laureate in
1690. He was the author of "Miscellanea Sacra, or
Poems on Divine and Moral Subjects," (1698,) " Pana-
cea, a Poem on Tea," (1700,) a number of original dramai,
and an alteration of Shakspeare's "Lear." He made
a metrical version of the Psalms, in conjunction with
Nicholas Brady, which superseded that of Sternhold and
Hopkins. Tate also assisted Dryden in the composition
of his " Absalom and Achitophel." Died in 1715.

Tatian, ta'she-an, (or ta'she-un,) [Lat. TATIA'NUS;
Fr. TATIEN, tt'sej^N',] an ancient writer, born about
120 A.D., was a native of Syria, and was converted to
Christianity by Justin Martyr. He afterwards adopted
the heresy of the Marcionites, and founded a sect called
Tatianists. He was the author of a " Discourse to the
Heathen," and a " Harmony of the Four Gospels." Tht
former only is extant.

See EUSEBIUS, " H:s:oria Ecclesiastica ;" RITTER, "^History of
Christian Philosophy;" "Nouvelle Biographic Grfnerale."

Tatien. See TATIAN.

Tatishchef or Tatichtchef, ta-tesh-chef, written
also Tatischtschew and Tatischev, (DMITRI PAY-



i. e, I, o, u, y, long; A, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 5, li, y, short; a, e, i, p. obscure; fir. fall, fat; met; nftt; good; moon



TATISHCHEF



2285



T AVAR ONE



LOVITCH,) a Russian statesman and diplomatist, born in
1769, was successively ambassador to Naples, Madrid,
ind Vienna. He was a member of the imperial council
of Russia. Died in 1845.

Tatishchef, Tatischtchef, or Tatischtschew,
(Vxsim NIKITITCH,) a Russian statesman, and Gov-
ernor of Orenburg, born in 1686, was the author of the
first History of Russia, published in 1769. Died in 1750.

Tatius. See ACHILLES TATIUS.

Tatius, ta'she-us, (Tirus,) a king of the Sabines, who
was provoked by~the rape of the Sabine women to lead
a large army against the Romans. After a great but
indecisive battle, peace was restored through the me-
diation of the Sabine women, and Romulus and Tatius
reigned jointly over the united Romans and Sabines
until the death of Tatius, which occurred soon after the
union.

Tat'nall, (JosiAH,) an American naval officer, born
in Georgia, entered the navy about 1812. He became
captain in 1850, and commanded a squadron in the
East Indies from 1856 to 1859. He took arms against
the Union in 1861, and commanded the famous iron-clad
Merrimac, (alias Virginia,) which he destroyed by fire
on the nth of May, 1862, near Norfolk, to prevent the
Unionists from taking the vessel. Died in 1871.

Tat'tam, (HENRY,) F.R.S., an English archaeologist,
born in '1788, became Archdeacon of Bedford in 1845.
He published, besides other works, " Lexicon Egyptiaco-
Latinum," (1835,) and " Prophets Majores in Dialecto
Linguae ^gyptiacas," (1852.) Died January 8, 1868.

TattL See SANSOVINO, (JACOPO.)

Taube, tow'beh, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a German
historical and statistical writer, born in London about
1726. He practised law in Vienna. Died in 1778.

Taubert, tow'be'Rt, (WILHELM,) a German composer
and pianist, born in Berlin about 1812. Among his
works is an opera called " Blue-Beard," Died in 1891.

Taubmaun, towp'man, [Lat.TAUBMAN'Nus,] (FRIED-
RICH,) a German scholar and poet, born near Baireuth,
in Franconia, in 1565. He became professor of poetry
at Wittenberg in 1595, wrote elegant Latin poems, and
was distinguished for his wit. Died in 1613. A col-
lection of his bon-mots, entitled "Taubmanniana," was
published in 1702. He published editions of Virgil
and Plautus.

See EBKRT, " Leben und Verdienste Taubmann's," 1814;

Taubmannus. See TAUBMANN.

Tauchnitz, towK'nits, (CHRISTIAN BERNHARD,)
BARON, a German publisher, a nephew of K. C. T.
Tauchnitz, was born August 25, 1816, and established
in 1837 a publishing-house at Leipsic, making a specialty
of reprinting English books. Died in 1895.

Tauchnitz, (KARL CHRISTIAN PHILIPP,) a German
publisher, son of the following, was born at Leipsic,
March 4, 1798. He inherited and enlarged his father's
business, which he conducted with great success.

Tauchnitz, towK'nits, (KARL CHRISTOPH TRAU-
GOTT,) a celebrated German printer and bookseller, born
near Grimma in 1761. About 1796 he founded at Leip-
sic a printing-establishment, which has since become one
of the most important in Germany. Among the mul-
titudinous works issued from his press are splendid
editions of Homer and other Greek classics, the Hebrew
Bible, and the Koran in the original tongue. Died in
1836.

Tauler or Thauler, tow'ler, [Lat. TAULE'RUS,] (Jo-
HANN,) an eminent German theologian, and founder
of the mystic theology in Germany, was born at Stras-
burg in 1290. He entered at an early age the order
of Dominicans, and subsequently studied theology in
Paris. He gained a high reputation as a preacher, and
distinguished himself as an earnest reformer of the
Church. His principal work is entitled " Imitation
of the Humble Life of Christ," (" Nachfolge des armen
Lebens Christi.") As a prose writer, he effected a great
improvement in the German language. Many of his
writings have been translated into Latin and other lan-
guages. Died in 1361.

See HODGSON, "Reformers and Martyrs," Philadelphia, 1867;
HBUPEL, " MemoriaTauleri," 1688; ARND, " Die Historic Tauleri,"
1689; C. SCHMIDT, " J. Tauler von Strassburg," etc., 1841 ; F. W.



EDEL, "J. Tauler, Prediger ru Strasburg," etc., 1853; MADAMH
WINKWORTH, " Life of J. Tauler," London, 1857 ; H. SIVBRUD,
"Taulers Omvendelses Historic," 1779.

Taulerus. See TAULER.

Tardier, toTe-i', (MARC JOSEPH FREDERIC,) a French
jurist, born at^Crenoble in 1806, published "Th^orie
raisonn^e du Code civil," (1840-44.) Died in 1861.

Taunay, to'nj', (AucusTE,) a French statuary, born
ta Paris in 1769. He gained the grand prize of Rome
in 1792, and accompanied his brother Nicolas Antoini
to Brazil in 1816. Died in 1824.

Taunay, (NICOLAS ANTOINE,) a skilful French his-
torical painter, brother of the preceding, was born in
Paris in 1755. He became a member of the Institute in
1795, visited Brazil in 1816, and returned to Paris in
1819. Died in 1830.

Taunton, LORD. See LABOUCHERE, (HENRY.)

Taun'ton, (Sir W. E.,) an English jurist, born at
Oxford, was appointed in 1830 a judge of the court of
king's bench. Died in 1835.

Taurelius. See TORELLI.

Taurl-on, [Gr. Tavpiuv,] a Macedonian general, who
had the chief command of the army in the Pelopon-
nesus during the minority of Philip V., about 220 B.C.
He was an enemy of Aratus.

Tau-ris'cus OF TRALLES, a Greek sculptor, who, with
his brother Apollonius, executed a celebrated marble
group, called " Toro Farnese," which was found at
Rome in the sixteenth century, and is now in Naples
(See APOLLONIUS.)

Tau'rus, (STATILIUS,) a Roman general, who com-
manded Mark Antony's fleet in the war against Sextus
Pompey. He received the honour of a triumph in 34
B.C. for his success in Africa, and commanded the land-
army of Augustus at the battle of Actium, 31 B.C. In
the year 26 he was elected consul. Died after 16 B.C.

Tauaig, tow'zic, (KARL,) a celebrated pianist, born at
Warsaw, November 4, 1841. In 1865 he was appointed
court pianist at Berlin. Died at Leipsic, July 17, 1871.

Taus'sig, (FRANCIS WILLIAM,) an American
economist, born at St. Louis in 1859. He became
professor of political economy at Harvard in 1892.
His works include " The Tariff History of the United
States," (1888,) "Wages and Capital," (1896,) etc.

Tautphoeus, BARONESS, a novelist, daughter of
James Montgomery, of Salthill, Ireland. She married
a Hungarian nobleman, and wrote novels in English,
mainly of life in South Germany. Her best-known
works are "The Initials," (1850,) "Quits," (1857,)
and " At Odds," (1863.) Died in 1893.

Tavannes, de, deh tf'vtn', (GASPARD de Saulx
deh s5,) a French general, born at Dijon in 1509. He
was taken prisoner at Pavia in 1525, and contributed to
the victory of Cerisoles, in 1544. He rendered important
services in the war against Charles V., and in the civil
war he fought against the Huguenots at Jarnac and
Moncontour. About 1570 he obtained the rank of mat
shal of France. Died in 1573.

Tavannea, de, (GUILLAUME DE SAULX,) SEIGNEUR,
a son of the preceding, was born in 1553. He was con-
stantly loyal to Henry III. and Henry IV., and fought,
with the rank of general, against the League. He died
in 1633, leaving " Memoirs of Events from 1560 to
1596."

Tavannes, de, (JEAN DE SAULX,) VICOMTE, a French
general, born in 1555, was a son of Gaspard, noticed
above. As a partisan of the League, he fought against
Henry III. and Henry IV. Died about 1630.

Tavarea-Bastoa, tl-vi'rSs bls't6s, (AURELIANO
CANDIDO,) a Brazilian patriot, born in 1840. He became
a lawyer and legislator, and was eminent as an advocate
of religious freedom and of the abolition of slavery. He
published " Letters of a Solitary Man," " The Valley of
the Amazon," " Studies on Reform," and some political
pamphlets. Died at Nice, France, December 3, 1874.

Tavarone, ta-va-ro'nk, (LAZARO,) an Italian painter
of frescos and portraits, was born at Genoa in 1 556. He
was a pupil of Luca Cambiaso, with whom he went to
Madrid. He painted some works in the Escurial for
the king. Died in 1641.



e as ik; 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H. K. tpittural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as z; th as in thii. i J3F*See Explanations, p. 23.



TA VASTSTJERNA



2286



TA YL OR



Tavaststjerna, (CARL AUGUST,) a Finnish poet
and novelist, born in 1860. A volume of poems
published in 1883 attracted much attention by their
originality and beauty. He published other poems
and novels, and was popular as a dramatist, his best
play, " Affarer," being successfully produced in 1890.

Tavernier, tfveR'ne-a', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) Baron
d'Aubonne, a celebratedTrench traveller and merchant,
born in Paris in 1605. At an early age he visited the
principal parts of Europe, and, having entered the Aus-
trian army, was present at the battle of Prague, in 1620.
He set out about 1630 for Palestine and Persia, where
he applied himself to merchandise in jewels, etc. After
having made six journeys to the East, he returned to
France with a large fortune, and was ennobled by Louis
XIV. His "Six Voyages en Turquie, en Perse et
aux In-es" came out in 1677, (3 vols. 410.) This work
obtained a wide popularity, and was translated into
several languages. Tavernier died at Moscow about
1688, while on his seventh journey to the East Indies
by way of Russia.

See FKIEDLAHNDER, " J. B. Tavernier Kammerherr," etc., 1849;
BAYLK. " Historical and Critical Dictionary ;" " Nouvelle Biographic
G^n^rale."

Tayernier, tJ'veR'ne-V, (MELCHIOR,) a Flemish en-
graver of maps, was b"orn at Antwerp in 1544. He
worked in Paris, where he died in 1641.

Tavernier, (MELCHIOR,) an engraver, a nephew of
the preceding, was born in Paris in 1594; died in 1665.

Taxl-les, [Gr. TofiXi/f,] sometimes called Taxl-lus,
n Indian king, who reigned over the tract between the
Indus and Hydaspes when Alexander the Great invaded
India, 327 B.C. He was an ally of that conqueror in the
war against Porus.

Ta-yg'e-te, [Gr. TaOyrn/; Fr. TAYGKTE, tre-zhjt',]
one of the Pleiades, was said to be a daughter of Atlas,
and the mother of Lacedaemon, who was supposed to
be a son of Jupiter.

Taylor, (FREDERICK,) an English painter in water-
colours, born in Hertfordshire in 1804. Among his
master-pieces may be named " The Vicar of Wakefield's
Family going to Church," "Festival of the Popinjay,"
and "Weighing the Stag." His pictures include nu-
merous hunting-scenes and views in the Highlands, and
take high rank. Died June 20, 1889.

Tayler or Taylor, (JOHN WILLIAM,) an English
mineralogist, born about 1822. He explored the mines
of Greenland about 1850-56.

Tay'lpr, (ALFRED SWAINE,) an English physician
and chemist, born in Kent in 1806. He became pro-
fessor of medical jurisprudence and chemistry in Guy's
Hospital about 1832. He acquired a high reputation as
a lecturer and writer on medical jurisprudence and
toxicology. Among his works is a " Manual of Medical
Jurisprudence," (1844.) Died May 27, 1880.

Taylor, (ANN,) an English authoress, was the wife
of Isaac Taylor, noticed below. She wrote, besides
other works, "Maternal Solicitude." Died in 1830.

See " Memorials, Biographical and Literary, of the Taylor Family."

Taylor, (BAYARD, bi'ard,) a distinguished American
traveller, writer, and poet, born in Chester county, Penn-
sylvania, in 1825. Having made a pedestrian tour in
Europe, he published, after his return, " Views Afoot ;
or, Europe seen with Knapsack and Staff," (1846.)
In 1849 he became one of the editors of the New York
"Tribune," to which he soon after contributed a series of
letters descriptive of his European travels. He brought
out in 1850 "El Dorado; or, Adventures in the Path of
Empire," bsing an account of a journey to California.
He spent the three ensuing years in visiting various
parts of Europe, Africa, Syria, China, and Japan, and
between 1853 and 1859 published a number of books de-
scriptive of these travels. Among his other works may
he mentioned his novels of " Hannah Thurston," (1863,!
"John Godfrey's Fortunes," (1864,) and "The Story of
tCennet," (1866 ;) his poems, " Book of Romances, Lyrics,
and Songs," (1851,) "Poems of the Orient," (1854,'
"Poems of Home and Travel," (1855,) "The Poet's
Journal," (1862,) "The Masque of the Gods," (1872,;
'Lars, a Pastoral of Sweden," (1872,) "The Prophet,"



'1874,) "Home Pastorals," (1875,) and "Prince Deuka-
ion," (1878,) and a translation of Goethe's "Faust,"
first part, 1870; second part, 1871.) In February, 1878,
ie was appointed minister to Germany, and died at
Berlin, December 19 of the same year.

Taylor, (BENJAMIN FRANKLIN,) an American poet,
a son of Stephen W. Taylor, was born at Lowville,
New York, in 1822, and was educated at Madison Uni-
versity. For many vears he was connected with the;
Chicago " Evening Journal." Among his works are
"The Attractions of Language," (1845.) "January and
June," (1853,) "Pictures in Camp and Field," (1867,)
"The World on Wheels," (1873,) "Old-Time Pictures
and Sheaves of Rhyme," (1874,) " Songs of Yesterday,"
(1875,) etc. Died February 14, 1887.

Taylor, (BROOK,) F.R.S., an eminent English mathe-
matician, born at Edmonton in 1685. He was educated
at Cambridge, and inherited a competent fortune from
his father. He wrote, besides other works, a " Treatise on
Perspective," (1715,) and "Method of Increments," etc.,
("Methodus Incrementorum directa et inversa," 1715.)
In the latter work he announced the important discovery
of a theorem in the differential calculus, which is called
Taylor's theorem. Died in 1731.

Taylor, (CHARLES,) a biblical writer, was a brother
of Isaac Taylor of Ongar. He edited Calmet's "Die
tionary of the Bible." Died in 1821.

Taylor, (CHEVALIER JOHN,) an English oculist, who
removed to the continent in 1733. He travelled exten-
sively, and published an account of his travels. Died
after 1767.

Taylor, (EDWARD T.,) an American preacher, known
as ' Father Taylor," was born at Richmond, Virginia,
December 25, 1793. He became a sailor, and was for
many years the preacher of the Seamen's Bethel, Boston.
He was of the Methodist Episcopal denomination. Died
at Boston, Massachusetts, April 6, 1871.

Taylor, (GEORGE,) one of the signers of the Decla-
ration of Independence, was born in Ireland in 1716. He
was elected to the Continental Congress in 1776. Died
in 1781.

Taylor, (GEORGE W.,) an American general, born at
Clinton, Hunterdon county, New Jersey, in 1808. He
commanded a brigade at the battle of Gaines's Mill,
June 27, 1862, and was mortally wounded at the battle
of Bull Run, and died September I of that year.

Taylor, (HENRY,) an English clergyman, born about
1710, is said to have been an Arian. He wrote an
" Essay on the Beauty of the Divine Economy." Died
in 1785.

Taylor, (Sir HENRY,) an English poet and dramatist,
born about 1800, published " Philip Van Artevelde,"
(1834,) "Edwin the Fair, an Historical Drama," (1842,)
"The Eve of the Conquest, and other Poems," (1847,) a ' so
several prose works, among which may be named " The
Statesman," (1836,) and "Notes from Life, in Six Essays,"
(1848.) His " Philip Van Artevelde," a drama, in blank
verse, has won for him a very high reputation, and has
been translated into German. Died March 28, 1886.

See R. H. HORNB, "Spirit of the Age," 1844; "Edinburgh Re-
view" for April, 1849; " Blackwood's Magazine" for November, 1851 ;
" North British Review" for November, 1862, and December, 1865.

Taylor, (Sir HERBERT,) an English general, born in
1775. He was private secretary to the Duke of York,
and to George III. Died in 1839.

Taylor, (ISAAC,) Senior, OF ONGAR, an English artist
and writer, was originally an engraver. In 1 796 he became
minister of a dissenting congregation at Colchester. He
published a number of religious and educational works ;
among the latter we may name " Beginnings of Biogra-
phy," and " Scenes for Tarry-at-Home Travellers." He
preached at Ongar from 1810 to 1829. Died in 1829.

Taylor, (ISAAC,) Junior, an eminent English writer, a
son of the preceding, was born in Suffolk in 1787. He
published a number of moral, philosophical, and theo-
logical works of a high character. Among the most
important of these are a " History of the Transmission
of Ancient Books to Modern Times," (1827,) "The


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 338 of 425)