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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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a wealthy Swiss merchant, born at Geneva, became a
resident of London, where he died in 1798. He left
more than half a million pounds to accumulate during
the lives of his sons and grandsons, and to be invested
in land for the benefit of his eldest lineal male descend-
ant. This led to a famous lawsuit ; but the will was
finally established by the decision of the House of Lords.



5, e, T, o, u, y, long; 4, e. A, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short: a, e, \,c),ol>scitre; far, fill, (ft; mft; not; good; rr-3on;



THEL WALL



2299



THEOCRITUS



ThSl'wall, (JOHN,) an English littlrateur and teacher
of elocution, born in London in 1764. He published in
1787 a collection of poems. Having afterwards become
engaged in the political agitation of that period, he was
tried with Home Tooke and Hardy in 1794 for high
treason, and acquitted. In 1801 he began a series of
lectures on elocution, which were highly successful. His
other principal works are " Political Miscellanies," a
"Letter to Mr. Cline on Stammering," "The Peripa-
tetic," and " The Daughter of Adoption," a novel. Died
in 1834.

Themines, de, deh ti'men', (PoNS DE LAUZIERES,
p6N deh 15'ze-aiR',) MARQUIS, a French general, born
about 1553, became a marshal of France in 1616. He
afterwards commanded against the Protestant insur-
gents. Died in 1627.

The'mis, [Gr. Qe/uf- Fr. THEMIS, ta'mess',] in classic
mythology, the goddess of justice and law, was called a
daughter of Uranus and Ge, a wife of Jupiter, and the
mother of Astrasa, Eirene, (Peace,) the Parcas, and the
Horas. She was a personification of justice and the
order of things sanctioned by custom or law. According
to Homer, she appeared among the inhabitants of Olym-
pus, and it was her office to convene the assembly of
the gods. She was also represented as a prophetic
divinity who presided over the oracle of Delphi before
Apollo.

Themiaeul or Themiseuil. See SAINT- HYACINTHE,
Them'I-aon, [Qcfuauv,] an eminent Greek physician,
the founder of the sect of Methodic!, was born at Lao-
dicea, in Syria. He was a pupil of Asclepiades, and
probably lived about 80-40 B.C. His works are not
extant Some critics think that he is the person men-
tioned by Juvenal in the following line :

" Quot Themison agros autumno Occident uno."* Sat. x. 321.
The-mis'tl-us, [Gr.GE/ucrnoc,] a celebrated orator and
philosopher, surnamed EU'PHRADES, (i.e. "eloquent,")
born in Paphlagonia about 315 A.D. He enjoyed the
favour of the emperors Constantius, Julian, and Theo-
dosius the Great, who appointed him tutor to his son
Arcadius. In religion he was a pagan. Among his
extant works are commentaries on portions of Aristotle,
and thirty-three orations in Greek, which were published
by Dindorf in 1832. Died about 390 A.D.

See SOCRATES, " Historia Ecclesiastica ;" FABRICIUS, " Biblio-
IhecaGrzca;" E. BARET, "De Themistio Sophista," 1853 ; " Nou-
telle Biographic GeWrale."
Themistocle. See THEMISTOCLES.
The-mis'to-cleS, [Gr. QE/uoroidijt ; Fr. THMISTO-
CLE, ti'mes'tokl',] an Athenian statesman, orator, and
commander of great celebrity, born about 514 B.C., was
a son of Neocles, a citizen of Athens. His mother was
a foreigner. According to Nepos, in early life he was
addicted to pleasure, but, having lost his patrimonial
estate, he changed his entire course of life. Ambition
became his ruling passion. He is said to have spent his
hours of leisure and vacation in composing declamations.
Just after the battle of Marathon, his friends observed
that he was silent, abstracted, and passed the night in
watching. Having been questioned as to the cause of
this change in his habits, he said the " trophies of Mil-
'iades would not suffer him to sleep." Others imagined
that the victory at Marathon had ended the war ; but
ne regarded it as the beginning of a great conflict, and
advised the Athenians to increase their navy. His
principal rival, Aristides, was ostracized in 483 B.C., after
which Themistocles became the foremost statesman of
Athens. He was elected archon eponymus in 481, and
when Greece was invaded by Xerxes he was chosen
commander-in-chief. The oracle of Delphi advised the
Athenians to defend themselves by wooden walls, which
Themistocles interpreted to signify ships. He induced
the people of Athens to abandon that city and embark
in the fleet. The Greeks, reduced to a desperate
extremity, gained a decisive victory at the great naval
battle of Salamis, 480 B.C. " This success," says Plu-
tarch, " was owing chiefly to the sagacity and o
of Themistocles." He overreached the Spartans when

* Literally, " As many patients as Themison has killed (or shall
he killed) in a single autumn."



they attempted to prevent the rebuilding of the walls of
Athens, about 476, and he fortified the Piraeus on a grand
scale. In 471 B.C. he was banished by ostracism, and
retired to Argos. Having been accused of treason as an
accomplice of Pausanias, he sought refuge at the court
of Persia in 465, and was kindly treated by Artaxerxes,
over whom he acquired much influence. He died, or
killed himself, in Persia about 449 B.C. According to
Thucydides, Themistocles was the strongest example of
the power of natural talent, made the best conjectures
as to future events, and had an excellent foresight.
Plutarch relates that of two men who courted his daugh-
ter he preferred the less wealthy, saying, " I would
rather she should have a man without money than
money without a man." When Simonides offered to
teach him the art of memory, he said he would rather
learn the art of forgetting. According to Mr. Grote, he
was "alike vast in his abilities and unscrupulous in hi*
morality."

See PLUTARCH, "Life of Themistocles;" CORNELIUS NHFOJ,
Themistocles:" KIRCHMAIBR, "DissertatiodeThemistocle," 1663;
THHODOH FINCK, " Commentario historico-philologica de Themi-
toclis ^Etate, Vita, Ingenio Rebusque Gestis," 1849; GROTE, " His-
tory of Greece;" THIRLWALL, " History of Greece."

Th6nard, ta'niR', (ARNOULD PAULEDMOND,) BARON,
a French chemist, son of the illustrious Baron L. J. Thf-
nard. He was born in 1820, inherited great wealth, and
devoted himself to agriculture. His principal writings
were on agricultural chemistry, on which subject he wan
a high authority. Died August 8, 1884.

Th6nard, ta'nSR', (Louis JACQUES,) BARON, an emi-
nent French chemist, born at Nogent-sur-Seine in 1777.
He studied under Vauquelin, in Paris, and became suc-
cessively demonstrator of chemistry in the Polytechnic
School, professor of chemistry in the College of France
(1804) and in the University of Paris, and a member of
the Academy of Sciences in 1810. He was also made a
peer of France, (1833,) grand officer of the legion of
honour, and chancellor of the university. His " Ele-
mentary Treatise on Theoretical and Practical Chemis-
try" (4 vols., 1813) is esteemed a standard work, and
has been translated into several languages. He con-
tributed a great number of valuable treatises to the
" Annales de Chimie" and other scientific journals, and
published, conjointly with Gay-Lussac, " Physico-Chemi-
cal Researches," made with the voltaic pile, (2 vols.,
1811.) Died in 1857. Th<*nard and his friend Gay-
Lussac, whose names are inseparably associated m
science, discovered boron, and proved that oxymuriatic
acid is a simple substance. Thinard discovered the
peroxide of hydrogen.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'nile;" a translation of FLOO
i " filoge onThe'nard" in the " Smithsonian



P. 373 I " Biographic Universelle."



an Report" for i86a.



Thenot, ta'no', (JEAN PIERRE,) a French painter
and writer on art, was bom in Paris in 1803. He painted
hunting-scenes, landscapes, etc., and wrote several workt
on perspective and lithography. Died in 1857.

The'o-baid, [It. TEOBALDO, ta-o-bll'do,] sometimes
written Thiebaut, was a brother of Ladislaus II. of
Bohemia. He served with distinction as a general under
Frederick Barbarossa in Italy, about 1158-63.

The'o-baid, (LEWIS,) an English critic and commen-
tator on Shakspeare, was a native of Kent. He wrote
a number of dramas, which are now forgotten. Haying
offended Pope by exposing the errors of his edition
of Shakspeare, he was severely satirized by that poet
in the "Dunciad." In 1733 Theobald brought out an
edition of Shakspeare, (7 vols. 8vo,) which was received
with great favour, and is still highly esteemed for the

He also wrote a
1744-

Theobald OF CANTERBURY. See THIBAUD.

The-o-bal'dus, written also Tibaldus and Tebal-
dus, a French ecclesiastic, supposed to have flourished
in the twelfth century. He was the author of a poem en-
titled "Physioloeus de Naturis duodecim Animalium,"



judgment and accuracy it displays. K
"Life of Sir Walter Raleigh." Died in



beng a



habits of twelve animals, with



See TAOLIACARNK.
Theocrite. See THEOCRITUS.
The-oc'rf-tus, [Gr. ecckpirof ; Fr. TH*OCRITE. ti'o'-



i k: c as i; g hard; g as/; G, H, K,gutt,,ral; N, nasal; R, trilled; as s; th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23.)



THEOCRITUS



2300



THEODORIC



kRet',] one of the most celebrated pastoral poets of
antiquity, was a native of Syracuse, and nourished about
270 B.C. He resided for a time at Alexandria, where
he enjoyed the favour and patronage of Ptolemy Phila-
delphus. Among the extant works attributed to Theoc-
ritus are thirty idyls and more than twenty epigrams.
His bucolics are written in the Doric dialect, and are
universally regarded as master-pieces of their kind. He
is called the creator of bucolic poetry. His idyls, unlike
most modern pastorals, are natural and free from affected
sentimentality. The Eclogues of Virgil are imitations
of the Bucolics of Theocritus, and are generally re-
garded as inferior to the original works, which are
essentially dramatic and mimetic and are truthful pic-
tures of the real life of the common people. It appear!
from his sixteenth idyl that he returned to Syracuse
and lived there in the reign of Hieron II., who be-
came king in 270 B.C. He was intimate with the poet
Aratus. Few events of the life of Theocritus have been
preserved



The-oc'rI-tus OF -Cm'os, a Greek orator and Sophist,
famous for his sarcastic wit, lived in the time of Alexan-
der the Great, He wrote an epigram against Aristotle.
He was put to death by Antigonus Gonatas.

Theodat See THEODATUS.

The-od'a-tUB, [Fr. THEODAT, ti'o'di',] King of the
Goths in Italy, was a nephew of Theodoric. He began
to reign about 534 A.D., was defeated by Belisarius, and
was killed by his own soldiers in 536.

The-od'e-bert [Fr. pron. ti'o'deh-baiR' ; Lat. THEO-
DEBER'TUS) i, King of Austrasia, born about 504 A.D.,
was a grandson of Clovis. He is said to have been a
good and able prince. Died in 547 A.D.

Theodecte. See THEODECTES.

The-o-dec'teS, [Gr. QeMicnK ; Fr. TH^ODECTE,
ti'o'dekt',] an eminent Greek rhetorician and tragic
poet, born at Phaselis, in Pamphylia, lived about 350
B.C., and was a pupil of Isocrates. He is said to have
been a friend of Aristotle, who expresses a high opinion
of him in some of his writings. His works are lost,
except small fragments.

See MXRCKKR, " CoraraenUtio de TheodecUe Vita et Scriptis,"
1835.

The-od-e-lin'da, [Fr. TnioDEUNDE, ta'o'deh-llNd' ;
It, TEODELINDA, ti-o-di-len'da,] a Bavarian princess,
was married in 589 A.D. to Autharic, King of the Lom-
bards, who died in 590. She afterwards exercised royal
power. Died in 625 A.D.

The-od'e-mir, the father of Theodoric the Great,
was chief ruler of the Ostrogoths. Died in 475 A.D.

Theodemir, a chief of the Visigoths, and a natir
of Spain. He served under Roderick against the Moors
in 711. Died after 713 A.D.

Theoderic or Theoderich. See THEODORIC.

Theodericus. See THEODORIC.

The-o-do'ra, Empress of the East, was in her youth
an actress and courtesan of Constantinople. She retired
from the stage, reformed her conduct, and gained the
affection of Justinian, who married her in 525 A.D. In
527 he proclaimed her as empress and his equal col-
league in the empire. Died in 548 A.D.

See GIBBON, "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire;" J. P.
LUDWIG, "Vita Justiniani et Theodora," 1731.

Theodora, Empress of the East, born about 810
A.D., was married to the emperor Theophilus in 830.
She became regent at his death, 842, and governed the
empire with wisdom for fifteen years. Died in 867 A.D.

Theodore. See THEODORUS.

Theodore, (King of Corsica.) See NEUHOF.

The'o-dore [Lat. THEODO'RUS] L succeeded John
IV. as Pope of Rome in 641 A.D. In a council at Rome
he excommunicated Paulus, Patriarch of Constantinople,
who supported the heresy of the Monothelites. Died
in 649 A.D.

Theodore (Theodoms) II. was elected pope as suc-
cessor to Romanus in 897 A.D., and died the same year.



Theodore or Theodorus, a native of Tarsus, was
made Archbishop of Canterbury in 669 A.D., which
office he filled with great zeal and fidelity. He founded
numerous schools, and converted Saint Augustine's
monastery into a college, where Latin and Greek were
taught with great purity. He was the author of a work
entitled "The Penitential." Died in 690 A.D.

SeeW. F. HOOK, "Lives of the Archbishops of Canterbury,"
vol. i. chap. iv.

Theodore or Theodorus, late King of Abyssinia,
was born about 1820. His original name was KASSAL
Having raised himself from a humble condition by his
talents and success as a soldier, he began to reign about
1855. He maltreated some subjects of Great Britain,
the government of which sent an army to Abyssinia in
1867. Theodore was defeated and killed in battle 'oy
the British under General Napier in April, 1868. The
native form of his name was TADRUS.

The'o-dore An'ge-lus, [Lat. THEODO'RUS AN'GE-
LUS ; Fr. THEODORE L'ANGE, ti'o'doR' loNzh,] became
Greek Emperor of Thessalonica in 1222. He waged
war against the Latins and the Bulgarians, who defeated
him and took him prisoner in 1230.

Theodore 1'Ange. See THEODORE ANGELUS.

Theodore of Mopsuestia. See THEODORUS MOP-
SUESTENUS.



The-od'o-ret or The-od-o-re'tus, [Gr. Qcoiupifrof;
Fr. THODORET, ti'o'do'ri',] an eminent Christian
writer ard ecclesiastic, born at Antioch about 390 A.D.,
was a pupil of Theodore of Mopsuestia. He was a per-
sonal friend of Nestorius. About 422 he was appointed
Bishop of Cyrus, in Syria. He was moderate and liberal,
and equally eminent for piety and learning. He em-
ployed his influence against the intolerant Cyril of
Alexandria and Dioscurus. In 449 he was deposed by
the Synod of Ephesus, over which Dioscurus presided.
He condemned the doctrines of Nestorius at the Council
of Chalcedon, in 451. He wrote, besides other works, a
valuable " History of the Church" from 325 to 429 A.D.,
and commentaries on the Old Testament and Epistle*
of Paul. Died in 457.

See RICH-TEH, "Commentatio de Theodoreto," 1832: SCHULZE,
" Dissertatio de Vita B. Theodpreti," 1760; NBANDBE, "History
of the Church ;" CAVE, " Historia Literaria."

Theodoretus. See THEODORET.

The-od'o-ric or The-od'e-ric [Lat, THEODORI'CUS]
I., King of the Visigoths, and a son of the famous
Alaric, was elected king in 418 or 419 A.D. He defeated
the Romans at Toulouse in 439, and, having conquered
a large part of Gaul, concluded a treaty of peace with
Avitus. Theodoric and the Roman general Aetius united
their forces against Attila the Hun, who invaded Gaul
in 450. The opposing armies met at Chalons, where
Attila was defeated and Theodoric was killed, in 451 A.IX
He left two sons, Thorismond and Theodoric.

See JORNANDES, " De Rebus Geticis."

Theodoric H-, King of the Visigoths, was a son of
the preceding. He began to reign at Tolosa (Toulouse)
in 452 A.D., and became an ally of Avitus, Emperor of
Rome. He invaded Spain, defeated the Suevi, and
made extensive conquests in the peninsula. He was
assassinated by his brother Euric in 466 A.D.

The-od'p-ric or The-od'e-ric [Lat. THEODORI'CUS
or THEODERI'CUS ; Ger. THEODORICH, ti-o'do-riK, or
THEODERICH, ti-o'der-iK, which was afterwards cor-
rupted into DIETRICH, dee'tRiK] THE GREAT, King
of the Ostrogoths, born in 455 A.D., was the son of
King Theodemir. He was educated at Constantinople,
whither he had been sent as a hostage at an early age.
Soon after his accession to the throne (475) he was
involved in a war with Zeno, Emperor of Constantinople,
and subsequently turned his arms against Odoacer,
who had usurped the chief power in Italy. The latter,
after having been defeated in three battles, was be-
sieged in Ravenna, which he surrendered at the end of
three years. Being acknowledged King of Italy by th
emperor Anastasius, Theodoric assumed the name of
Flavius, celebrated a triumph at Rome, and distinguished
himself by the wisdom and liberality of his rule. He
defeated the Gepidae, assisted the Visigoths against the
French king Clovis, and possessed himself of Provence,



. e, 5, o. u. y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, t, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, Q, obscure; far, fall, fat; met; not; good; mcSon:



THEODORIC



2301



THE ON



He died in 526 A.D., his death being hastened, it is said,
by remorse for having unjustly condemned to death
Symmachus and Boethius. Gibbon observes of Theodo-
ric, " His reputation may repose on the visible peace and
prosperity of a reign of thirty-three years, the unanimous
esteem of his own times, and the memory of his wisdom
and courage, his justice and humanity, which was deeply
impressed on the minds of the Goths and the Italians."
See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire," chap.
DDcix. ; ENNODIUS, " Panepyricus Theodorico dictus ;" J. COCHI~*US,
*' Vita Theodorici," 1544 ; HURTHR, " Geschichte des Kbnigs Theo-
dorich," 1807; Du ROURH, " Histoire de The'odoric le Grand," a
vols., 1846; TILLHMONT, " Histoire des Empereurs:" " Nouvelle
Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Theodoric, [It. TEODORICO, ti-o-do-ree'ko,] an Ital-
ian surgeon and ecclesiastic, rose to be Bishop of Cema,
He enjoyed a high reputation for his skill in surgery,
and wrote, in Latin, a treatise "On Surgery according to
the System of Hugo de Lucca." Died in 1298.

Theodorich. See THEODORIC.

Theodoricus. See THEODORIC.

The-o-do'rus (or The'o-dore) [Gr. Geoo'upoc ; Hi.
THEODORE, ta'o'doR'] OF CYRE'NE, a Greek philoso-
pher, belonged to the Cyrenaic school. His doctrines,
which resembled those of Epicurus, gave so much offence
that he was banished from his native city of Cyrene.
He resided at Athens about 312 B.C. Cicero and Seneca
admired his answer to Lysimachus, who threatened to
crucify him. He professed that he did not care whether
he should rot on the ground or in the air.

Theodo'rus OF HERACLE'A, a learned bishop and
leader of the Arian party. He was Bishop of Heraclea
on the Propontis, and was one of the delegates who
presented the Confession of Antioch to Constans in
342 A.D. Died about 356 A.D.

Theodo'rus (or The'odore) OF SA'MOS, an eminent
Greek statuary and architect, who probably flourished
about 600 B.C. He was one of the first artists that cast
statues in bronze. The Theodorus who made a cele-
brated ring for Polycrates is supposed to have been a
nephew of the artist above noticed.

Theodo'rus OF TAR'SUS, sometimes called DIODO-
RUS, a prelate and theologian, is supposed to have been
a native of Antioch. He was appointed Bishop of Tar-
sus in 378 A.D. He was a zealous opponent of the Arian
heresy, and wrote a number of theological works, which
are not extant.

The-o-do'rus An-ag-nos'tes, (or Lec'tor,) (i.e.
"Theodore the Reader,") [Fr. THEODORE LECTEUR,
ta'o'doR' ISk'tUR',] a historian, supposed to have lived
in the sixth century of our era. He was reader in the
church of Constantinople, and wrote a " History of the
Church to the Time of Justinian I."

The-o-do'rus As'^I-das, a Cappadocian monk, who
gained the favour of Justinian I., and was appointed
Archbishop of Caesarea about 536 A.D. He favoured
the Origenists. Died about 558 A.D.

Theodorus Lascaris. See LASCARIS.

The-o-do'rus Mop-sues-te'nus or Theodore of
Mopsuestia, [Fr. THEODORE DE MOPSUESTE, ta'o'doR'
deh mop'sii'est',] Bishop of Mopsuestia, born at An-
tioch about 350 A.D., was a pupil of Libanius and a
friend of Chrysostom. His controversial and theological
writings were highly esteemed by his contemporaries,
but very few of them are extant. Died in 429 A.D.

See NBANDHB, " History of the Christian Church ;" FKITZSCHB,
"De Theodori Mopsuesteni Vita," 1837; SIHPFERT, "Theodorus
Mopsvestenus," 1827.

The-o-do'rus Pris-cl-a'nus, a physician and medical
writer of th; fourth century, is supposed to have lived
at Constantinople.

The-o-do'rus Frod'ro-mus, [Fr. THEODORE PRO-
DROME, ta'o'doR' pRo'dRom',] a learned monk and By-
rantine writer of the twelfth century, was also called
HILARION.

The-o-do'rus Stu-di'ta, [Fr. THEODORE STUDITE,
ta'o'doR' sru'det',] a Greek monk and writer, born at
Constantinople in 759 A.D., was an adversary of the
Iconoclasts. He incited the people to sedition and
violent resistance to the decrees against the worship of
images. Died in 826 A.D.

Theodose. See THEODOSIUS.



Theodpsius, an able Roman general under the reign
of Valentinian I., served with distinction against the
barbarians of Britain and Germany, and subsequently
quelled an insurrection in Africa in 373 A.D. He was
beheaded at Carthage, 376 A.D. The cause of his execu-
tion is not known. His son became Emperor of Rome.

Theodosius (the-o-do'she-us) [Fr. THEODOSE, ta'o'-
doz' ; It. TEODOSIO, ta-o-do'se-o| I., Flavius, a Ro-
man emperor, surnamed THE GREAT, was the son of
the preceding, and was born in Spain in 346 A.D. He
accompanied his father in his various campaigns, and
acquired at an early age great proficiency in the art of
war. In 379 A.D. the emperor Gratian conferred upon
him the title of Augustus, with the command over the
Eastern provinces. Having been received into the
Christian Church, he distinguished himself by his zeal
against the Arians, and in 380 appointed Gregory Nazi-
anzen Archbishop of Constantinople. He carried on a
successful war with the Goths, whom he induced to
become the allies of the Romans. After the death of
Gratian, Maximus, who had usurped his empire and
invaded Italy, was defeated by Theodosius, with the
assistance of the Huns and Goths, in 388. Theodosius
reigned at Constantinople, and Valentinian II. was em-
peror at Rome until his death, in 392. After this event
Theodosius became sole emperor of the Roman world.
Before his death he divided his dominions between his
two sons Arcadius and Honorius, to the former of
whom he gave the Eastern empire, and to the latter the
Western. Died in 395 A.D. Although he was guilty of
several acts of cruelty, his character is generally eulo-
gized by historians.

See GIBBON. " History of the Decline and Fall ;" TILLHMONT
"Histoire des Empereurs ;" FL^CHIKR, " Histoire de The'odose le
Grand," 16713; SOCRATES, " Historia ecclesiastica ;" LK BBAU
" Histoire du Bas- Empire;" " Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Theodosius IL, called THE YOUNGER, born in 401
A.D., was the grandson of the preceding, and the son of
Arcadius. Being but seven years of age at the death of
his father, the government was conducted by his sistel
Pulcheria. Among the most important events of his
reign was the collection of the code of laws known as
the " Codex Theodosianus." Died in 450 A.D.

See GIBBON, " History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire ;" GHRLACH. " De Theodosio Juniore," 1751.

Theodosius UL, surnamed ADRAMYTTE'NUS, suc-
ceeded Anastasius II. as Emperor of Constantinople in
715 A.D. After a reign of about a year, he withdrew to
a monastery, and was succeeded by Leo III.

Theodosius OF TRIPOLI, a Greek geometer, born in
Bithynia, lived probably between loo B.C. and 100 A.D.
He wrote a work entitled "Spherics," (ZQaipuA,) which



is extant.

Theodption, the-o-do'she-pn, [Gr. Qcoimiuv,] an
early Christian writer under the Roman emperor Com-
mocfus, made a Greek translation of the Old Testament.
He belonged to the sect of Ebionites.

The-od'o-tus, [Gr. Qcodoros ; Fr. THEODOTE, ti'o'-
dot',1 an able Greek general, commanded in Coele-Syria
for Ptolemy Philopator in 222 B.C. About three years
later he entered the service of Antiochus the Great.

Theodotus OF SAMOS, a rhetorician, was preceptor
to Ptolemy XII. of Egypt. He was responsible for the
murder of Pompey the Great, for which he was put to
death, by order of Brutus, in 43 B.C.

Theodulfe, ta'o'dulf*, [Lat THEODUL'FUS,] a learned
ecclesiastic, born in Spain, was the author of several
works. He became Bishop of Orleans about 788. Died
about 820 A.D.

The-og'nis, [toyf,] a Greek poet and philosopher,
supposed to have lived about 540-500 B.C., was a native


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 343 of 425)