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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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of Megara. His works were principally elegies and
didactic poems, of which fragments only are extant He
was a noble or aristocrat, and was driven into exile by
the democratic party.

See FBERB, "Theognis Restitutus: The Personal Histoir ol
the Poet Theognis," etc., 1842; K. O. MOLLBR, "History of the
Literature of Ancient Greece ;" " Nouvelle Biographic Gentrale.

The'on, [Qeuv,] a celebrated Greek painter, born in
Samos, lived under the reign of Alexander the Great
His works are highly commended by Pliny. _



c as *.' 9 as s: g hard; g as;; G, H, K.guttural; n, nasal: R. trilUd: s as . th as in this.



Explanations, p. 13.)



THE ON



2302



THERAMENES



Theon, (^ELIUS,) a rhetorician of Alexandria, sup-
posed to have lived about 315 A.D. His principal extant
work is entitled " Progymnasmata," or rules on rhetoric.

Theon OF ALEXANDRIA, called THE YOUNGER, a
Platonic philosopher and mathematician, lived about
350-400 A.D. He wrote commentaries on the Almagest
of Ptolemy, and edited the works of Euclid. He was the
father of the celebrated Hypatia.

Theon OF SMYRNA, sometimes called THE ELDER, a
Neo-Platonic philosopher, flourished about 125 A.D. He
was the author of a treatise on astronomy, mathematics,
music, etc., the principal part of which is extant He is
called a Pythagorean.

The-oph'a-ne, [Gr. QeoQavi] ; Fr. THEOPHANE, ti'o'-
fin',] a beautiful woman, who, according to the fable, was
beloved by Neptune, was changed by him into a sheep,
and was the mother of the golden-fleeced ram of Colchis.

Theophane. See THEOPHANES.

The-oph'a-nea, fGr. QeapaviK; Fr. THEOPHANE,
ti'o'fin',] a 'Greek historian, born at Mitylene, was
patronized by Pompey the Great, whom he accompanied
in his military expeditions. His principal work was a
history of the achievements of Pompey, of which only
fragments are extant.

Theophanes, (GEORGE or ISAURUS,) a Greek histo-
rian, bom in 758 A.D., was a native of Constantinople.
He wrote a chronicle of the period from 277 to 811 A.D.
Died in 818.

Thecphanes,(PROKOPOviTCH.) See PROKOPOVTTCH.

Theophile, the French of THEOPHILUS, which see.

Theophile de Viand, ti'o'fel' deh ve'5', a French
satiric poet, born in 1590. He wrote elegies, tragedies,
etc., was accused of atheism and condemned to death
in 1623, but escaped. The sentence was afterwards
annulled. Died in 1626.

The-ophl-lus, [Gr. 9ro^of ; Fr. THEOPHILE, taV-
fel'; IL TEOFILO, ta-ofe-lo,] an Athenian comic poet
of unknown period. His works are lost.

Theophilus, Emperor of Constantinople, was a son
of Michael II., whom he succeeded in 829 A.D. He
waged a long war against the Saracens with ill success.
He was a zealous Iconoclast Died in 842 A.D.

See GIBBON. "Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire.'*

Theophilua, a theologian, and Bishop of Antioch,
wrote an "Apology for the Christian Faith," which
is extant and is a work of considerable merit Died
about 182 A.D.

See GRABBNBR, 'De Theophilo Episcopo Antiocheno," 1744.

Theophilus, a turbulent ecclesiastic, who became
Bishop of Alexandria in 385 A.D. He condemned the
writings of Origen and persecuted the Origenists. He
was the chief agent in the banishment of Chrysostom,
(403.) Died in 412 A.D.

Theophilus, a distinguished jurist of the sixth cen-
tury, was employed by the emperor Justinian to assist
in compiling the Digest and the Institutes.

The-ophl-lus Frot-o-spa-tha'ri-us, [Fr. THEO-
PHILE PROTOSPATHAIRE, ti'o'fel' pRo'to'spftSR'.J a
Greek medical writer, the place and date of whose birth
are unknown. The most important of his extant works
is an anatomical treatise, which has been translated into
Latin under the title of " De Corporis Humani Fabrica,"
(" On the Structure of the Human Body.")

Th^ophraste. See THEOPHRASTUS.

The-o-phras'tus,[Gr. QioQpaorof; Fr. THBOPHRASTE,
la'o'fRtst' ; It. TEOFRASTO, ti-b-fRas'to,] an eminent
Greek philosopher, born at Eresus, in Lesbos, about
374 B.C. His original name was TYR'TAMUS. He studied
at Athens, where he first attached himself to Plato, and
afterwards became a favourite pupil of Aristotle. In
accordance with the last will of that master, Theophras-
tus succeeded him as president of the Lyceum in 322
B.C. He acquired a high reputation by his eloquence,
and attracted from all parts of Greece a multitude of
disciples, among whom was Menander the poet. With
a design to explain the system of Aristotle and sup-
plement his works, he wrote numerous treatises on
philosophy and natural history, the most of which are
not extant. Several of his works have come down to
us, (though perhaps in an imperfect state,) viz. : " Moral
Characters," (iiSutol xapaicriipef,) which was translated



into French and imitated by La Bruyere, a " History of
Plants," (in ten books,) and a work " On the Causes of
Plants," (irepl (pvrurv alrujv.) Died about 286 B.C. His
" Moral Characters" are admired for subtlety of thought,
Attic wit, (sel,) and elegance of style.

See MAX SCHMIDT, " De Theophrasto Rhetore," 1839 : SP-
RANZA, "Teofrasto primp Botanico," 1841; HALLKR, " Bibliotbeca
Botanica:" " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nerale."



The-oph'?-lact, [Gr. Bca^v^aKrof ; Lat THEOPHY-
LAryTUS ; Fr. THEOPHYLACTE, ta'o'feHikt',] a Greek
ecclesiastic, became Archbishop of Achris, in Bulgaria,
about 1070. He was the author of a treatise " On the
Education of Princes," also commentaries on the twelvo
minor prophets, and numerous epistles. Died after 1 1 12.

Theophylactus. See THEOPHYLACT.

The-o-phy-lac'tus Si-mo-cat'ta, a Greek author,
born in Locris, of Egyptian race, about 580 A.D. He
became an office-holder at Constantinople in 610, and
died about 630 A.D. His best-known extant works are
a history of the Emperor Maurice, his eighty-five " Let-
ters, Moral, Rural, and Amatory," and his " Questions
about Nature," ('Airopjm 4>v0uccu.)

Theopompe. See THEOPOMPUS.

The-o-pom'pus, [Gr. Qemo^of; Fr. THBOPOMPB,



ta'o'pAMp',] a king of Sparta, who reigned about 750
B.C. The power of the Ephori was established or in-
creased in his reign.

Theopompus, an Athenian comic poet of the old
and of the middle comedy, flourished probably about
400 B.C. He was a contemporary of Aristophanes.

Theopompus, an eminent Greek historian and orator,
born in Chios (Scio) about 378 B.C., was a brother of
Caucalus the rhetorician, and was a pupil of Isocrates.
He was one of the aristocrats who were banished by the
popular party, when he was a young man. In his exile
he composed a number of orations and eulogiums, which
were received with applause in many cities of Greece.
In 352 B.C. he contended with success against Isocrates
and others for a prize offered by Artemisia for an oration
in honour of Mausolus. He was restored to his native
state at the age of forty-five, (333 B.C.) His principal
works were a " History of Greece from 41 1 to 394 B.C.,"
('EA?.i7vo2 laropiai, in twelve books,) which is lost except
a few fragments, and a " History of Philip of Macedon,"
(*i/Ujnrd, in fifty-eight books,) of which many fragments
are extant The ancient critics say that he was apt to
err by the extravagance of his censure and his praise ;
but they commend his accuracy. He died after 305 B.C.

See ASCHBACH, " Dissertatio de Theopompo," 1823 ; J. E. PPLUGK.
" De Theopompi Vita et Scriptis," 1827 ; G. F. KOCH, " Dissertatio
de Theopompo," 1790; PLUTARCH, " Vitadecem Oratorum ;" ATHB-
N/eus, passim.

Theorell,tTT'o-rSl, (JoHAN PETER,) a Swedish journal-
ist, born at Halljunga in 1791. He edited a democratic
journal, called "Aftonposten," and published several
historical essays. Died at Stockholm, March 9, 1861.

Theorell, (SvEN LORENS,) a brother of the preceding,
was born at Halljunga in 1784. He published a work
" On the Influence of Manufactures on the Wages of
Labourers," (1845.) Died at Stockholm, Dec. 15, 1861.

Theotocopuli, ti-o-to-ko-poo'lee, (DOMINICO,) an
eminent painter and sculptor, surnamed EL GRECO, was a
pupil of Titian. He resided at Toledo, in Spain, where
he produced a number of his finest pictures. Among
these may be named " The Parting of Christ's Raiment
before the Crucifixion," an altar-piece in the cathedral of
Toledo, and "The Entombment of Count Orgaz," in the
church of Santo Tome. His monuments and sculptures
are highly esteemed. He also designed the church of the
Augustines at Madrid, and other architectural works.
Died in 1625.

Theotocopuli, (GKORGE MANUEL,) a son of the pre-
ceding, attained a high reputation as a sculptor and
architect, and built a considerable part of the cathedral
of Toledo. Died in 1631.

Theramene. See THERAMENES.

The-ram'e-nes, [Gr. e^papcvw; Fr. THBRAMENB, ta'-
rifm&n',] an Athenian politician, and one of the famous
Thirty Tyrants. As a leader of the oligarchic party, he
took an active part in the revolution of 411 B.C., and was
one of the principal members of the new government
then formed. He served as a subordinate officer at



i, e, i, 5, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e. I, 6, u, y, j//urC; a, e, i, o, *j; fir, fill, fit; met; nit; good; m5n:



THERASSE



THETIS



.he battle of Arginusa:, (406.) Although the Athenians
gained the victory there, the six commanding generals
were put to death, because many of their men were
drowned and they were unable even to recover their
bodies for burial. Theramenes was one of the principal
accusers, and lie appears to have been chiefly respon-
sible for that great injustice. He negotiated the treaty
which opened Athens to the Spartan general Lysander
in 405 B.C., and was one of the Thirty Tyrants who
subverted the old constitution and usurped power in 404.
Having, it is said, from motives of policy rather than
humanity, remonstrated against the excessive cruelty of
his colleagues, he was proscribed by Critias and con-
demned to death. When he drank the cicuta, he
exclaimed, " This to the health of the lovely Critias 1"
He died in 404 B.C.

The character of Theramenes was throughout that of
an intriguing, unscrupulous politician ; but the equa-
nimity, or rather indifference, which he displayed at his
death, commanded the admiration of Xenophon and
Cicero. It might truly be said of him, in the words of
the great dramatist,

" Nothing in his life

Became him like the leaving it ; he died

As one that had been studied in his death

To throw away the dearest thing he owed [owned]

As 'twas a careless trifle."

Made/A, Act I. Scene IV.

See GROTE, " History of Greece;" SUIDAS, " Theramenw ;"
SCHNEITHER, " Dissertatio de Theramene," 1831: SMITH, "Dic-
tionary of Greek and Roman Biography," etc. ; THIILWALL, "Hit-
tory of Greece."

Therasse, ti'ris', (VICTOR,) a French sculptor, born
in Paris, March 25, 1796; died February 4, 1864.

Theremin, ta'reh-meen', (LuDWiG FRIEDRICH
FRANZ,) a German Protestant theologian, born in 1783,
became in 1875 court preacher at Berlin. He published
several religious and miscellaneous works, and made
translations from Cervantes and Byron. Died in 1846.

Theresa, te-ree'sa or ti-ra'si, [Fr. THltRESE, ta'rjz' ;
[t. and Sp. TERESA, ti-ra'sl,] commonly called SAINT
THERESA, a Spanish nun, celebrated for her talents and
piety, was born at Avila in 1515. She entered the order
of Carmelites at an early age, and about 1562 founded,
in her native town, a reformed society of Barefooted
Carmelites. She died in 1582, leaving a number of
religious works, which are highly esteemed and have
been translated into the principal languages of Europe.
Among these we may name " Thoughts on the Love of
God," " The Road to Perfection," " The Castle of the
Soul," " Life of Saint Theresa, written by Herself," and
" Letters of Saint Theresa." She was canonized by Pope
Gregory XV. in 1621.

See RIBERA, "Vida de la Madre Teresa," 1601 : COLLOMBET,
"Vie de Sainte-The>ese," 1836; TICKNOR, "History of Spanish
Literature ;" ALBAN BUTLER, " Leben der heiligen Theresia," 1835 ;
" Nouvelle Biographic Generate."

Thennes, de, deh teRm, (PAUL de la Barthe deh
It bint,) SEIGNEUR, a French general, born at Couse-
rans in 1482. He became a marshal of France in 1557.
Died in 1562.

Theroigne de Mericourt, ta'Rwafi' deh meh-re'-
ICOOR', (or Marcourt, miR'kooR',) (ANNE JOSEPHS,) a
Frenchwoman, noted for her courage and beauty, was
born in Luxemburg in 1762. She became a Girondist,
and harangued the people of Paris during the Revolution.
About 1793 she was maltreated by some viragos of the
Jacobin party, and iost her reason. Died in 1817.

See TH. Fuss, " Theroigne de Mericourt dite la belle Li^goise,"
1854; " Nouvelle Biographic Gin^rale."

The'ron, [6%>uv,] a Greek, who became Tyrant of
Agrigentum, in Sicily, about 488 B.C. As an ally of
Gelon of Syracuse, he fought against the Carthaginians
in 480. His reign was prosperous. He obtained at
the Olympic games victories which were celebrated by
Pindar. Died in 472 B.C.

Ther-san'der, [Gr. Qipoavipos ; Fr. THERSANDRE,
teR's6NdR',] a mythical king of Thebes, and a son of
Polynices. He joined the expedition against Troy, and
is said to have been killed by Telephus. He was one
of the EPIGONI, (which see.) According to Virgil, Ther-
sander was one of the Greeks who were concealed in the
wooden horse.



Thersite. See THERSITES.

Th?r-si'teB, [Gr. Qepoirns ; Fr. THERSITE, teVset'
a Greek, noted for his personal ugliness, impudence, and
ill nature, was publicly chastised by Ulysses for having
slandered Agamemnon. According to tradition, he was
Blain by Achilles.

See " Iliad," book ii.

Thery, ta're', (AuGUSTiN FRANCOIS,) a French littfra-
tfur, born in Paris in 1796. He was professor of rhetoric
in the College of Versailles, and afterwards proviseur.
He wrote, besides other works, " La Renaissance," a
poem, (1822,) and a " History of Literary Opinions." (
vols., 1844.) Died March 14, 1878.

Thesee. See THESEUS.

The'aeua or Mee'se-us, [Gr. Oijo-tif ; Fr. THKS^E, ti'-
za' ; It. TESEO, ta-sa'o,] the great national hero of Attica,
regarded by some critics as a mythical personage. Ac-
cording to tradition, he was a son of jEgeus, King of
Athens, and a cousin of Hercules, whose exploits he
emulated by the destruction of monsters and robbers.
The Athenians were bound to pay tribute to Minos of
Crete, in the form of seven young men and seven maidens,
who were destined to be devoured by the Minotaur in the
Labyrinth. Theseus volunteered to go as one of these
victims. He gained the affection of Ariadne, a daughter
of Minos, killed the Minotaur, and readily found his way
out of the Labyrinth by means of a clue (ball of thread)
which Ariadne gave him, one end of which he made fast
at the entrance and let it trail after him. He afterwards
became King of Athens, defeated the Amazons, who in-
vaded Attica, took part in the Argonautic expedition,
and abducted the famous Helen from Sparta while she
was a girl. He married Antiope, the Queen of the
Amazons, who bore him a son named Hippolytus, and
after her death he married Phaedra, a daughter of Minos.
He was regarded by the Athenians as the author of an
important political reform in Attica, which before his
time was divided into many petty states or demi, claim-
ing to be independent. These he reduced to a state ot
unity and subjection to a central authority. He was an
intimate friend of Pirithous, whom he aided, the legend
says, in an audacious attempt to abduct Proserpine from
the palace of Pluto. They failed, and Theseus was con-
fined in Tartarus, but was finally released by Hercules.
Tradition adds that he was treacherously killed by
Lycomedes, King of Scyros.

See VIRGIL, "^neid," book vi. 393 and 618 ; PLUTARCH, Lrfc
of Theseus."

Thesiger. See CHELMSFORD.

ThSs'pis, [Beam; ,] a Greek dramatist, born at Icaria,
in Attica, flourished about 540 B.C. He is called the
inventor of tragedy. His works have perished, the titles
only of four dramas being preserved.

See J. C. CRAMKB, " Commentatio de Thespide," 1754 : K- O.
MULLER. "Literature of Ancient Greece."

ThSs'pI-us, [Gr. Qcontof,] a son of Erechtheus, and
a king of Thespiae. The poets feigned that he had
fifty daughters, who were the wives or concubines of
Hercules, to whom Thespius gave them as a reward
for killing a lion.

ThSVsa-lus, [Gr. Qeoodbof ; Fr. THESSALE, t&sil',]
a son of Jason and Medea, was supposed to be the
ancestor of the Thessalian people.

Thessalus, a son of the celebrated physician Hip-
pocrates, lived about 360 B.C. He belonged to the sect
of the Dogmatici.

Thessalus, a physician who lived under the reign of
Nero, was a native of Lydia, and one of the founders of
the Methodici.

Thes'H-us, [Gr. Qiartof,] a fabulous king of ^.tolia,
said to have been a son of Mars or of Ager.or, and
the father of Althaea, Leda, Iphiclus, Plexippus, and

"rhe'tis, [Gr. Bern ; Fr. THBTIS, ta'tess',] a beautiful
sea-nymph, and one of the Nereids, was said to be a
granddaughter of Neptune, and a daughter of Nereus and
Doris. The poets feigned that she was courted by Ju-
piter and Apollo, who desisted from the pursuit because
Themis predicted that her son should be greater than
his father that she was married to Peleus, and became
the mother of Achilles ; and that their wedding was at-



> as i: c as s ; g hard; g as ;; G, H,



N, nasal; R, trilled; s as ; th as in this. ( J=See Explanations, p. .



THEUDIS



2304



THIBAUT



tended by all the gods except Eris, (or Discord,) who
threw among the guests the golden apple, on which was
written, "For the most beautiful," and which Paris
awarded to Venus as the prize of beauty. (See ACHILLES.]

Theu'dis, King of the Visigoths in Spain, succeeded
Amalaric in 531 or 532 A.D. He waged a successful war
against the Franks, who invaded Spain in 542. He was
an uncle of Totila. Died in 548 A.D.

Theuriet, tuh're-i', (ANDRE,) a French poet and
novelist, born at Marly-le-Roi in 1833. Among his
poems are " Le Chemin des Bois," (1867,) " Le Bleu et le
Noir," (1873,) etc. His novels include "Xante Au-
relie,"(i8S4,) "Deux Soeurs," (1889,) " La Chanoi-
nesse," (1893,) etc. He also wrote some plays and
volumes of general literature, such as "Sous Bois,"
(1878,) and "Journal de Tristram," (1884.)

Theirs de Meylandt, de, deh tuh deh mi'llnt, (or
mjl'l&Nt',) (BARTHELEMY THEODORE,) Co.MTE, a Belgian
minister of state, born at the chateau de Schabroek in
1794. He became one of the leaders of the Catholic
party. He was minister of the interior in 1831-32,
minister of foreign affairs between 1835 and 1840, an
minister of the interior from 1846 to 1848. Died 1874.

Thevenard, tev'ntR.', (ANTOINE JEAN MARIE,)
COMTE, a French naval officer, born at Saint-Malo in
1733. He became a vice-admira! in 1792. Died in 1815.

Theveneau, tav'n5', (CHARLES SIMON,) a French poet
and mathematician, born in Paris in 1759; died in 1821.

Thevenin, tav'niN', (CHARLES,) a French painter of
history and portraits, born in Paris in 1764, became a
member of the Institute in 1825. His master-piece is
the "Passage of Mont Saint Bernard." Died in 1838.

Thevenin, (CLAUDE NOEL,) a French historical
painter, born in Isere in 1800; died in 1849.

Thevenot See COULON DE THBVENOT.

Thevenot, tiv'no', (MELCHISEDECH,) a French com-
piler and Oriental scholar, born in Paris about 1620.
He was sent in 1652 on an important mission to Rome,
and in 1684 appointed librarian of the Royal Library.
He was one of the founders of the Academy of Sciences.
His principal work is a compilation of travels and
voyages, entitled an " Account of Many Curious Voyages
hitherto unpublished," etc., (2 vols. fol., 1672.) He was
distinguished for his scientific attainments, as well as his
profound knowledge of the Oriental tongues, and was
the inventor of an air-level. He also collected many
valuable books and manuscripts for the Royal Library,
of which he published a catalogue, entitled " Bibliotheca
Thevenotiana." Died in 1692.

Thevenot, de, deh tiv'no', (JEAN.) a traveller, a
nephew of the preceding, was born in Paris in 1633.
He studied at the College of Navarre, and, having pre-
viously visited England, Germany, and Italy, set out in
1655 for the East. He spent seven years in Egypt and
different parts of Asia, and in 1664 started on a second
journey, during which he visited Persia and India. He
died of a fever in 1667, while on his way to Tabreez,
(Tabriz.) His principal works, which have a high repu-
tation, are "Travels in the Levant," (1664,) to which
were added a description of Persia, and " An Account of



was well versed in the Arabic and Persian languages,

Thevet, teh-vl', (ANDRE,) a French traveller, born
at Angouleme in 1502. He visited the Levant, and
published a " Universal Cosmography," (1571,) and other
works. Died in 1590.

Thew, thu, (ROBERT,) an English artist, born in York-
shire in 1758, was appointed engraver to the Prince of
Wales. His principal works are nineteen plates in Boy-
dell's "Shakspeare Gallery." Died in 1802.

Thialfi. See THOR.

Thiard or Tyard, de, deh te't R ', (PoNTUS,) a French
poet, born in 1521. He was patronized by Henry III.,
who appointed him Bishop of Chalons-sur-Sa6ne in 1 578.
Died in 1605.

See MARTIN, " Notice sur Pontus de Thiard," 1786.

Thiard de Bissy, de, deh te'aR' deh be'se', (Au-
XONNE THEODOSE MARIE,) COMTE, a French general,



born in Paris in 1772. He was a Liberal member of the
Chamber of Deputies from 1820 to 1848. Died in 1852.

Thiassi or Thjassi, te-as'se, [said to signify "im-
petuous," " violent,"] a famous giant, the father of Skadi,
mentioned in the Eddaic legends. It is related that,
having taken the form of an eagle, Thiassi succeeded in
catching the subtle Loki, and refused to release him
unless he would swear to bring Iduna, with her apples
of immortality, from the habitation of the >Esir. There
upon Loki told Iduna that he had found some beautifu!
apples in a wood just without the walls of Asgard,
urging her to take her own out with her for the pur-
pose of comparing them. Iduna fell into the snare.
No sooner had she left the fortress of the gods than
Thiassi came, with his eagle's plumage, caught her up,
and carried her to Thrvmheim, his abode among the
mountains. But the gods fared ill in her absence ; they
grew rapidly old and gray. At length, Loki, terrified
by their menaces, was prevailed on to attempt her
restoration. Having himself assumed the form of a
falcon, he flew to Thrymheim in the giant's absence,
transformed Iduna into a nut, and carried her in his
talons to Asgard. But Thiassi pursued and had nearly
overtaken Loki, when the ^sir came out to his assist-
ance, and Thiassi was caught and slain. It is said that
the gods, in order to appease Skadi for the death of her
father, cast his eyes up to heaven, where they became
two stars.

See THORPE, "Northern Mythology," voL i. pp. 43-45.

Thibaud. See THIBAUT.

Thibaud, teTjo', or The'o-bald, an ecclesiastic,
became Archbishop of Canterbury (England) in 1 139,
He quarrelled with King Stephen. Died in 1161.

Thibaud (teTra') or Thibaut U, called THE GREAT,
Count of Champagne and Blois, was born about 1090.
His mother was Adela, a daughter of William the
Conqueror. He was a brother of Stephen, King of
England. Died in 1152.

Thibaud or Thibaut, sometimes called The'o-bald,
[Lat. THEOBAL'DUS,] Count of Champagne and King
of Navarre, was born in 1201. He was a son of Tiii-
baut, Count of Champagne, and was the most powerful
feudatory of the French king. On the death of his
uncle, Sancho, King of Navarre, in 1234, he succeeded
to the throne of that country. In 1239 he conducted an
army of crusaders to the Holy Land ; but he proved
himself an incompetent general, and was defeated with
great loss at Ascalon or Gaza. Died in 1253. He was
celebrated as a troubadour, and left many songs, which
are extant

See DELBAKRB, " Essai sur la Vie de Thibaut, Comte de Cham-
pagne," 1850; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale;" LONGFELLOW,
"Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Thibaudeau, te'bo'do', (ADOLPHE NARCISSE,) a
French journalist and liberal politician, born at Poitiers
in 1795; died in 1856.

Thibaudeau, (ANTOINE CLAIRE,) COUNT, a French
revolutionist and historical writer, the father of the
preceding, was born at Poitiers in 1765. He was elected
to the National Convention in 1792, and voted for the
death of the king without the appeal to the people. In
1796 he became president of the Council of Five Hun-
dred, and a count of the empire in 1808. He was
appointed a senator by Louis Napoleon in 1852. He
was the author of " Memoirs of the Convention and the
Directory," (1824,) "General History of Napoleon,"
[1827,) " Memoirs of the Consulate and the Empire,"
11835,) a "d other works. Died in 1854.


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 344 of 425)