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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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See TissEjtoN, " Le Senat de 1'Empire Franfais;" " Nouvella
Biographic Ge^rale."

Thibaut, teTjo', (ANTON FRIEDRICH JUSTUS,) an
eminent German jurist, born at Hameln, in Hanover, in
1774. He studied at Gb'ttingen, Konigsberg, and Kiel,
Became professor of law at Jena in 1802, and obtained
n 1805 the same chair at Heidelberg, where he taught
yith distinguished success during the remainder of his
ife. His legal works are very numerous, and are
ranked among the most valuable that have appeared.
Among these may be named his " Juristic Encyclopedia
and Methodology," (1797,) "Theory of the Logical
[nterpretation of Roman Law," " On Possession and

a, e, I, a, u, y, long; 4, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, 6, u, ?, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; met; not; good; m<5oi"



Prescription," (1802,) "System des Pandektenrechts,"
(1803,) and " On the Necessity of a Common Code of
Laws for Germany," (1814.) Died in 1840.

Thibaut, (JEAN THOMAS,) a French architect, born
in Haute-Marne in 1757 ; died in 1826.

Thibouville, de, deh te'boo'vel', (HENRI LAMBERT
D'HERBIGNV,) MARQUIS, a French littlrateur, born in
Paris in 1710, was an intimate friend of Voltaire. He
wrote dramas, novels, etc. Died in 1784.

Thick'nesse, (Mrs. ANNE,) an English lady, dis-
tinguished for her talents and beauty, was born in 1737.
She was the wife of Philip Thicknesse, noticed below.
She wrote " Biographical Sketches of Literary Females
of the French Nation," " The School of Fashion," a
novel, and other works. Died in 1824.

Thicknesse, ( PHILIP,) an English traveller, born
about 1720. Among his works are "Memoirs and
Anecdotes of Philip Thicknesse," (3 vols., 1788-91.)
Died in 1792.

See the " Monthly Review" for September, 1777.

Thi6bault or Thiebaut, te'Vbo', (DIEUDONNE,) a
French litterateur, born near Remiremont in 1733. He
became professor of grammar in Berlin in 1765, and was
intimate with Frederick the Great. He published, be-
sides several works on grammar, " Souvenirs of Twenty
Years' Residence in Berlin," etc., (5 vols., 1804.) Died
in 1807.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Thiebault, (PAUL CHARLES FRANCOIS,) a French
general, born in Berlin in 1769, was a son of the pre-
ceding. He commanded a brigade at Austerlitz, and
became a general of division in 1808. He wrote several
military works. Died in 1846.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Thiebaut See THEOBALD.

Thiebaut de Berneaud, te'a'bo' deh bSR'no',
(ARSENE,) a French writer on rural economy and biog-
raphy, born at Sedan in 1777, was a republican. He
contributed to the " Biographic Universelle." Died in
Paris in 1850.

Thiele, tee'leh, (JUST MATTHIAS,) a Danish writer,
born at Copenhagen in 1795. He published, besides
othei works, a "History of Thorwaldsen's Youth," and
"Thorwaldsen and his Works," (1831-50.) Died 1874.

Thielen, van, vtn tee'len, (JAN PHILIP,) a Flemish
flower-painter, born at Mechlin in 1618. His works are
esteemed master-pieces of the kind. Died in 1667.

Thielmann, von, fon teel'man, (JOHANN ADOLF,)
FREIHERR, a German general, born at Dresden in 1765.
He served in the campaigns of 1806 and 1809, was made
lieutenant-general in 1810, and fought for Napoleon in
Russia in 1812. He afterwards entered the Prussian
service, and obtained command of a corps or division
of the army of Bliicher. On June 18 he held in check
the corps of Grouchy at Wavre, and by his obstinate
resistance contributed to the victory of the allies at
Waterloo. Died in 1824.

See OBRRRHIT, " Beitrage lur Biographic des Generals von Thiel-
mann," 1820; HOLZBNDOHPF, "Beitrage lur Biographic des Gene-
rals von Thielmann," 1830.

Thieme, tee'meh, (KARL AUGUST,) a German philol-
ogist, was professor at Leipsic. He published an edition
of Xenophon, (4 vols., 1763-66.) Died in 1795.

Thiemo, tee'mo, [Fr. THIEMON, te'a'mANM some-
times called DIETHMAR, a German prelate, distinguished
as a sculptor and painter, was born in Bavaria about
1045. He became Archbishop of Salzburg about 1088.
Died in Palestine about I too.

Thienemann, tee'neh-man', (FRIEDRICH AUGUST
LUDWIG,) a German ornithologist, born near Freiburg
in 1793. Having graduated at Leipsic, he visited North-
ern Europe and Iceland, of which he published an
account after his return. His chief work is a " History
of the Reproduction of Divers Species of Birds," with
one hundred coloured plates, (1845-53.) Died in l8 5 8 -

Thierri See THIERRY.

Thierry or Thierri, te-er're, [Fr. pron. te'4're',] or
Theodoric H, King of Austrasia, born about 486 A.D.,
was the eldest son of Clovis. He began to reign in
<n. Died in 534.

Thierry or Thierri H, King of Austrasia and Bur-
gundy, born in 587 A.D., was a son of Childebert II.,
whom he succeeded in 596. Died in 613 A. P.

Thierry or Thierri L or UX, King of Neustria and
Burgundy, (or France,) a son of Clovis II., was born
about 654 A.D. He received the title of king, but the
royal power was exercised by Pepin, mayor of the palace.
Died in 691 A.D.

Thierry or Thierri IL or IV., born in 713 A.D., was
a son of Dagobert III., King of the Franks. He was
ne of the rois faineants, or nominal kings. The king-
dom was governed by Charles Martel, under the name
of Thierri. Died in 737 A.D.

Thierry, te'i're', (ALEXANDRE,) a French physician
and surgeon, born in 1803, practised in Paris, and gained
distinction as an operator. He was an active promoter
of the revolution of 1848. Died in 1858.

historian, born at Blois in 1797. He was appointed
master of requests in the council of state under Louis
Philippe, and continued in the same office by Louis
Napoleon. He published a " History of Gaul under
the Roman Rule," (1826,) "History of Attila and of his
Sons and Successors in Europe," etc., (1856,) and a
" History of the Gauls from the Earliest Period to the
Subjection of Gaul, "etc., (1857.) He was elected to the
Academy of Moral and Political Sciences in 1841, and
was made senator in 1860. Died March 27, 1873.

See the " Foreign Quarterly Review" for August, 1832.

Thierry, (DOUARD,) a French littlrateur, born in
Paris in 1813. He contributed critiques on the drama
to several journals of Paris. Died November 27, 1894.

Thierry, (JACQUES NICOLAS AUGUSTIN,) an eminent
French historian, a brother of the preceding, was born
at Blois in 1795. Having studied in the College of Blois,
he repaired to Paris, where he became in 1817 associate
editor of the " Censeur European." He brought out In
1825 his "History of the Conquest of England by the
Normans," which met with brilliant success and was
translated into German and English. Soon after this,
his sight, which had been gradually failing, was entirely
lost He still, however, pursued his historical researches,
with the assistance of a secretary, Armand Carrel, and
published, successively, "Ten Years of Historical Stu-
dies," (1834,) "Narratives of the Merovingian Times,
preceded by Considerations on the History of France,"
(1840,) and an "Essay on the History of the Formation
and Progress of the Third Estate," (1853.) He was
recognized as the master of the modern French school
of historians. Died in May, 1856.

See GuiGNtAOT, " Notice historicnie sur la Vie d'Aug. Thierry,'
1863; L. DB LOMBNIB, "M. A. Thierry, par un Homme de Rien,
1841 ; ROBIN, " Galerie des Gens de Lettres;" "Nouvelle Biographi.
GiSne'rale:" " Biographic Universelle ;" "Westminster Review" for
October, 1841.

Thierry, (JEAN,) a French sculptor, born at Lyons
in 1669, worked in Spain for Philip V. Died in Paris
in 1739.

Thierry, (JOSEPH FRANC.OIS DESIRE,) a French
painter of landscapes and decorations, a brother of
Edouard, was born in 1812 ; died in 1866.

Thierry, (JULIE de Querangal deh keh'ro-s'gil',)
a literary French lady, became in 1831 the wife of
Augustin Thierry the historian. She aided him in his
literary labours, and wrote two works, entitled " Scenes
of Manners and Characters," (1835,) and "Adelaide:
Memoirs of a Young Woman," (1839.) Died in 1844.

Thierry (or Theodoric) OF NIEM, a native of West-
phalia, became papal secretary at Rome. He wrote
a " History of the Schism," (" De Schismate.") Died

Thiers, te'aiR', (JEAN BAPTISTE,) a French theo-
logian of great erudition, was born at Chartres in 1636.
He published numerous religious and controversial
works, which were highly esteemed. Among these is a
"Treatise on Superstitions according to Holy Scripture,"
("Traite 1 des Superstitions selon 1'ficriture Sainte,' :
1679.) Died in 1703.

Thiers, (Louis ADOLPHE,) an eminent French his-
torian and minister of state, was born at Marseilles on
the i6th of April, 1797. He studied law at Aix, where

easi;cas.r; %hard; gas/; G, H, K,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; sas ; th as in this. (E^~See Explanations, p. 23. >




M. Mignet was his fellow-student and his friend. In
1818 he was received as advocate at the bar of Aix, from
which he removed to Paris in 1821 and became an assist-
ant editor of the " Constitutionnel," a liberal journal. He
distinguished himself by his finesse, by his political in-
sight, and by the vivacity of his style. In 1823 he pub-
lished the first volume of his " History of the French
Revolution," (10 vols., 1823-27,) which enjoyed much
popularity, especially with the Liberal party. Thiers,
Mignet, and Armand Carrel founded in January, 1830, the
" National," with an agreement that each should be alter-
nately editor-in-chief for one year. Thiers was the editor
for the first year, and contributed to the revolution of
July, 1830. He is said to be the author of the phrase,
" The king reigns, and does not govern." He employed
his influence to raise Louis Philippe to the throne, and
was rewarded by the office of councillor of state in 1830.
In the same year he was elected a member of the Chamber
of Deputies. He was under-secretary of state for the
finances during the short ministry of Lafitte, 1830-31,
and became minister of the interior in October, 1832.
He acquired eminence as a parliamentary debater. His
speeches are characterized as familiar, amusing, con-
versational, and incisive. He was admitted into the
French Academy in 1834. About this time Thiers and
Guizot became rivals and competitors for the place of
chief minister, the former being the leader of the centre
gauche, (" left centre.") He was president of the council
and minister of foreign affairs from February to August,
1836, when he resigned, and was succeeded by Count
Moli*. In March, 1840, he was again appointed chief
minister, with the portfolio of foreign affairs. His policy
on the Eastern question was counteracted by Palmerston,
who, by a concerted action with Russia and Austria,
isolated France. Thiers resolved to support Mehemet
Ali, at the risk of a war against England ; but, as the king
would not assent to this course, he resigned in October,
1840, and was succeeded by Guirot.

Among his chief works is a " History of the Consulate
and the Empire," (20 vols., 1845-63.) This, as well as his
" History of the Revolution," stands in the very highest
rank among historical works in the French language.
He was one of the orators of the opposition in the last
years of the reign of Louis Philippe, but did not give a
hearty support to the republic of 1848. In the Con-
stituent Assembly he acted with the droite. He voted
for Louis Napoleon as president in December, 1848, but
after that president became emperor he ceased to De
his partisan. In 1863 Thiers was elected to the legis-
lative body, in which he acted with the opposition, and
to which he was re-elected in 1869. He made in April,
1867, a speech against Napoleon's foreign policy, which
excited much sensation. He avowed his enmity to Ital-
ian nationality. " The whole drift of this speech," says
the London " Spectator," " is that selfishness is the first
of national duties." In July, 1870, he boldly opposed
the war against Prussia, in a speech to the legislative
body, and declared that Napoleon had committed an-
other blunder. He declined to serve as a member of the
provisional government formed in September, 1870, but,
on the organization of the French Republic, he accepted
the Presidency, to which he was elected in February,
1871, and served in that capacity until his resignation,
May 24, 1873. He died September 3, 1877.

See COKMHNIN, " Livre des Orateurs ;" L. BLANC, " Histoire de

iew tor Apnl and July. 1858, and October,

_ i ; " Eraser's Magazine" for May, 1845 ; " Westminster Review"
fcrjuly, i8<8;"North British Review" for August, 1860 ; "British
Quarterly Review" for January, 1863.

Thiersch, teeRsh, (BERNARD,) a German philologist,
became director of the College of Dortmund. He wrote,
besides several works on philology, "The Epoch and
Native Land of Homer," (" Das Zeitalter und Vaterland
des Homer.") He was a brother of Friedrich Wilhelm,
noticed below. Died in 1855.

Thiersch, (FRIEDRICH WILHELM,) a German phi-
lologist, born near Freiburg in 1784. He studied at
Leipsic and Gbttingen, and was appointed in 1809 pro-
fessor of ancient literature in the gymnasium at Munich.
He soon after founded a philological institute, which was

subsequently united to the university. He visited Greece
in 1831, and published, after his return, a treatise "On
the Actual Condition of Greece, and the Means of Ac-
complishing her Restoration," (in French, 1833.) Among
his other works we may name his " Greek Grammar,
especially for the Homeric Dialects," (1826,) and a
treatise " On the Epochs of the Plastic Art among the
Greeks," (1829.) He also edited Pindar's "Odes," ac-
companied with notes and with a German translation
in verse, and published several treatises on the higher
schools of Bavaria, and in favour of classical studies.
Died in 1860.

See BROCKHAUS, " Conversations-Lezikon ;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Thiersch, (HEINRICH WILHELM JOSIAS,) a nephew
or son of the preceding, published, among other works,
a "Grammatical Manual for the First Instruction in the
Hebrew Language," (1842.) Died in 1885,

Thiesse, te'S'sa', (LEON,) a French writer, born at
Rouen in 1793. He wrote political pamphlets, several
poems, and "Manuel des Braves." Died in 1854.

Thile, von, fon tee'leh, (LuDwio GUST A v,) a Prussian
general and statesman, born in 1787, served against the
French in the campaigns of 1806, 1813, and 1815, and
was appointed minister of state under Frederick William
IV. in 1840. Died in 1852.

Thilo, tee'lo, (JOHANN KARL,) a German Protestant
theologian, born at Langensalza in 1794. He published
a " Codex Apocryphus Novi Testament!," and other
learned works. Died in 1853.

Thiollet, te'o'l&', (FRANC.OIS,) a French architect,
born at Poitiers in 1782. He published several treatises
on Architecture. Died at Paris, October 26, 1859.

Thion de la Chaume, te'on' deh It shorn, (CLAUDE
ESPRIT,) a French physician and surgeon, born in Paris
in 1750. He was appointed in 1778 physician to the
military hospital at Ajaccio, in Corsica, and soon after
to the army destined to attack Gibraltar. While in this
post he was eminently successful in his treatment of an
epidemic fever which had made great ravages among
the troops. After his return to France he was appointed
one of the physicians of the Count d'Artois, afterwards
Charles X. Died in 1786.

Thirion, te're'oN', (DlDlER,) a French Jacobin, be-
came a member of the Convention in 1792. He opposed
Robespierre on the 9th Thermidor. Died in 1814.

Thiriot, te're'o', a Frenchman, born about 1696, was
a friend of Voltaire, some of whose works he edited.
Died in 1772.

Thjrl'bjF, (STYAN,) an English scholar and critic, born
at Leicester in 1692, published an edition of Justin
Martyr, with notes. Died in 1753.

Thjrl'wall, (CoNNOP,) an eminent English historian,
born in Middlesex in 1797. He studied at Trinity Col-
lege, Cambridge, where he took the degree of M.A. in
1821. He was made Bishop of Saint David's in 1840.
He published, conjointly with Julius Charles Hare, a
translation from the German of two volumes of Nie-
buhr's "History of Rome." He brought out in 1852
his " History of Greece," (8 vols. 8vo,) which is esteemed
a standard work. " Having," says Mr. Grote, "studied,
of course, the same evidence as Dr. Thirlwall, I am
better enabled than others to bear testimony to the
learning, the sagacity, and the candour which pervade
his excellent work." (Preface to Grote's " History of
Greece.") Died July 27, 1875.

See the " Edinburgh Review" for October, 1835.

Thiroux de Crosne, te'roo' d?h krdn, (Louis,) a
French magistrate, born in Paris in 1736, became lieu-
tenant-general of the police in 1785. He was guillotined
in 1794.

Thirty Tyrants, The, [commonly called in Greek
simply OJ TpuucovTa, or "The Thirty,"] the name of a
tyrannical oligarchy which was established in Athens,
under the protectorate of Sparta, continuing about a year,
at the close of the Peloponnesian war. All the Athenian
citizens supposed to be favourable to liberty were espe-
cially obnoxious to the Thirty Tyrants, and many of them
were put to death without regard to justice or even the
forms of law ; and great wealth, particularly if it belonged
to those who were not citizens of Athens, was almost sure

i. e. i. o, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u,y, shtrrt;$, e, j, o, obscure; fir, fall, fat; mSt; not; g<3od; moon,




to bring destruction upon its possessor. Among the
Thirty the most conspicuous were Critias, Theramenes,
and Eratosthenes. See THRASYBULUS.

See GROTE, "History of Greece;" THIRLWALL, "History of
Greece:" XENOPHON, "Hellenica;" LYSIAS, "Oration against

TSf' The name of the Thirty Tyrants [in Latin,
TRIGIN'TA TYRAN'NI] was also sometimes incorrectly
applied to a number of pretenders or usurpers who
arose in different parts of the Roman empire during the
reigns of Valerian and Gallienus. Among their number
were Odenathus and the famous Zenobia.

See GIBBON, "History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman
Empire;" TRBBBLLIUS POLLIO, "Triginta Tyrmnni."

ThiB'be, [Gr. BioSr;; Fr. THISBE, tesTja',] a beautiful
maiden of Babylon, beloved by Pyramus. They lived
in adjoining houses, and conversed privately through a
chink of the wall. They agreed to meet at the tomb of
Ninus, under a mulberry-tree. Thisbe, who first came
to that place, was driven away by the sight of a lioness,
and dropped her veil, which the lioness stained with
blood. This veil was found by Pyramus, who, hastily
concluding that Thisbe had been killed, destroyed him-
self. She soon returned, saw the dead body of Pyramus,
and followed his example. The poets feigned that the
mulberries, in sympathy with their fate, changed colour
from white to red.

See OVID, "Metamorphoses.

Thiste'lon-Dyer, (WILLIAM TURNER,) a British
botanist, was born at Westminster in 1843. He held
professorships in several institutions, and became di-
rector of the Royal Gardens at Kew in 1885. He
published " Flora of Middlesex," etc.

Thjassi. See THIASSI.

Tho-e'rifl, the Egyptian Ta-TTr, or Ta-Ouert, an

Egyptian goddess, who with the monster Set lived in
Hades, where she devoured the wicked. She had the
figure of a hippopotamus, and gave name in Egyptian
astronomy to the constellation Ursa Major.

Thoghrul Beg. See TOGRUL BEG.

Thograi. See TOGRAI.

Thoiras. See RAPIN, DE, (PAUL.)

ThQl, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) an able German jurist,
born at Lubeck, June 6, 1807. He was educated at
Leipsic and Heidelberg, and held professorships of law at
Rostock and at Gbttingen, where he died, May 16, 1884.
His principal writings were on commercial and marine

Tholuck, to'luk, [Ger. pron. to'ldSk,] (FRIEDRICH
AUGUST GOTTREU,) an eminent German theologian and
pulpit orator, born at Breslau, March 30, 1799. He was
educated at the University of Berlin, where he acquired
much proficiency in the Oriental languages, and was
induced by Neander to devote himself to theology. In
1823 he produced a popular work, called " Wahre Weihe
des Zweiflers," which was reprinted under the title of
" The Doctrine of the Sinner and of the Mediator,"
(1851.) He became extraordinary professor of theology
at Berlin in 1824, visited England and Holland in 1825,
and obtained in 1826 the chair of theology in the Uni-
versity of Halle. Having passed about two years as
chaplain to the Prussian embassy at Rome, where he
formed a friendship with Bunsen, he returned to Halle
in 1829, and resumed the duties of his professorship.
He opposed the rationalism which was prevalent among
his colleagues at Halle, and became one of the most
influential teachers of the evangelical doctrines. Among
his numerous works, which are highly esteemed, are a
"Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans," (4th
edition, 1842,) " Commentary on the Gospel of John,"
(1826; 7th edition, 1857, of which an excellent English
translation has been made by Dr. Krauth, of Philadelphia,
1859,) "Commentary on the Epistle to the Hebrews,"
(1836,) "The Authenticity of the Gospel History,"
(1837,) " Hours of Devotion," (" Stunden der Andacht,"
1840,) and several volumes of sermons. Most of his
works have been translated into English. Died June 9,

Thorn, torn, (JAMES,) a Scottish sculptor, born in
Ayrshire in 1799, was a stone-mason in his youth.

Having taught himself sculpture, he produced sandstone
statues of " Tarn O'Shanter" and " Souter Johnnie,"
which obtained great popularity, and were reproduced
by several copies. Among his other works is a group
of " Old Mortality," in sandstone, which stands at the
entrance of Laurel Hill Cemetery, Philadelphia. He
came to America in 1836. Died at New York in 1850.
Se* CHAMBERS, " Biographical Dictionary of Eminent Scotsmen,"

Thorn, (WILLIAM,) a Scottish poet, born at Aber-
deen in 1799. His means of instruction were very
scanty, and at an early age he was apprenticed to a
weaver. He published in 1841 " Rhymes and Recollec-
tions of a Hand-Loom Weaver." He died, in great
destitution, February 29, 1848.

See the " Westminster Review" for December, 1843.

Thomander, to-minMer, (JOHAN HENRIK,) a Swed
ish theologian and distinguished pulpit orator, born in
the province of Scania in 1798, was appointed in 1833
professor of pastoral theology in the Theological Semi-
nary at Lund. He published sermons and other religious
works, and translated into Swedish several of Shak-
speare's works, the "Clouds" of Aristophanes, and
Byron's " Manfred." Died at Lund, July 9, 1865.

Thom'as, (tom'as,) [Fr. pron. to'ml'; Gr. Quuat;
It. TOMMASO, tom-ma'so ; Sp. TOMAS, to-mas',J or
Didymus, [Gr. Aicfo/ioc,] one of the twelve apostles, is
supposed to have been born in Galilee. He is first
mentioned in John xi. 16. According to tradition, he
preached the gospel in India and suffered martyrdom
in that region.

See John EC. 24-20.

Thomas, to'ma', (ALEXANDRE GERARD,) a French
litttrateur, born in Paris in 1818. He contributed many
able articles to the " Revue des Deux Mondes." He
removed to England in 1852, and wrote for the "Edin-
burgh Review." Died at Brussels in 1857.

Thomas, (ANNIE.) See CUDLIP.

ThomiB, (ANTOINE LEONARD,) a celebrated French
writer, born at Clermont-Ferrand in 1732. He studied
in Paris, and about 1754 obtained a professorship in the
College of Beauvais. He published in 1756 "Philoso-
phical and Literary Reflections on the Poem of Natural
Religion." His " Eulogy on Marshal Saxe" obtained
the prize from the French Academy in 1759. It was
followed by eulogies on Chancellor d'Aguesseau and
Duguay-Trouin, which were also crowned by the Acad-
emy. Among his other works we may name his " Epis-
tle to the People," a poem, eulogies on Sully, Descartes,
and Marcus Aurelius, "Essay on the Character, Man-
ners, and Intellect of Women in all Ages," (1772,) and
an "Essay on Eulogies, or the History of Literature
and Eloquence applied to this Kind of Writing," (1773.)
In 1767 he succeeded Hardion as a member of toe
French Academy. Died in 1785.

Thomas, (ARTHUR GORING,) a British composer,
was born near Eastbourne in 1851. He studied at the
Paris Conservatoire 1875-77, and wrote the operas
" Esmeralda," (1883,) and "Nadesha," (1885,) the
cantata " Sun Worshippers," and many songs. Died
by suicide in 1892.

Thomas, (CHARLES Louis AMBROISE,) a French mu-
sical composer, born at Metz in i8n. He gained the
grand prize for musical composition in 1832, and was ad-
mitted into the Institute in 1851. He produced, in 1837,
' La double Echelle," following which appeared at brief

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 345 of 425)