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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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Thorpe, (FRANCIS NEWTON,) an American author,
born at Swampscott, Massachusetts, in 1857. He was
fellow-professor of American constitutional history at
the University of Pennsylvania 1885-98. He wrote
several important works on the constitution and gov-
ernment of the United States.

Thorpe, (JOHN,) M.D., an English antiquary, born in
Kent in 1682, practised at Rochester. Died in 1750.

Thorpe, (JOHN,) an English antiquary, a son of the
preceding, born in 1713, wrote an account of the city of
Rochester, entitled " Registrum Roffense." Died in 1792.

as k : c as s; g hard: g as /; G, H K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z: th as in this. (

: f Explanations, p. 2\.'<




Thorpe, thorp, (RosA Hartwick,) an American
poetess, born July 18, 1850, at Mishawaka Indiana.
She is known as the author of the popular ballad
"Curfew shall not ring to-night," published in 1870.

Thorpe, thorp, (THOMAS BANGS,) an American artist
and litttrateur, born at Westfield, Massachusetts, in 1815.
Among his paintings are a portrait of General Zachary
Taylor and the " Bold Dragoon." He published
" Tom Owen the Bee-Hunter." Died in 1878.

Thorpe, (THOMAS EDWARD,) an English chemist
born near Manchester in 1845. He is the author of
" Inorganic Chemistry," (1874,) " Applied Chem-
istry," " Essays in Historical Chemistry," etc.

Thortsen, toRt'sen, (CARL ADOLPH,) a Danish critic
and poet, born in Copenhagen in 1798. He wrote a
' Historical Notice of Danish Literature, (3d edition,
1851,) and other works.

Thorwaldsen, tor'wald-sen or toR'wal-sen, (ALBERT
BERTEL,) one of the most eminent of modern sculptors,
was born in November, 1770, on the sea between Ice-
land and Copenhagen, and was the son of a Danish
carver in wood. He studied in the Academy of Arts
at Copenhagen, where he obtained two gold medals,
and soon after set out for Rome. He there employed
himself on a statue of Jason of natural size; but, as
it attracted no particular regard, he, in a fit of despond-
ency, destroyed it. He next attempted a colossal statue
of the same subject, which obtained the admiration of
Canova, and being seen by Mr. Thomas Hope, a wealthy
English amateur, he ordered a copy of it in marble for
eight hundred zechins. From this time Thorwaldsen
produced rapidly works which raised his reputation to
the highest point. Among these may be named his
"Triumphal March of Alexander," executed for the
emperor Napoleon, and the bas-reliefs of " Night" and
" Day" and of " Priam and Achilles." In 1819 he visited
Denmark, where he was received with enthusiasm, and
subsequently made a tour through Germany, and while
at Warsaw executed a portrait-bust of Alexander of
Russia, also the monuments of Copernicus and Prince
Poniatowski. One of his most remarkable productions
is the image of a wounded and dying lion, of colossal
size, near Lucerne, in Switzerland, designed to com-
memorate the heroic fidelity of the Swiss guards who
fell August 10, 1792. About 1838 he returned, after
many years' residence at Rome, to Denmark, where he
continued to reside till his death, in March, 1844. He
was never married. Among his other works are " Christ
and the Twelve Apostles," a statue of Schiller, and a
colossal statue of Hercules.

See HANS CHRISTIAN ANDERSEN, "B. Thorwaldsen," 1844: J.
M. THIELE, "Den Danske Billedhugger B. Thorwaldsen," etc.,
3 vols., 1831-32 ; L. DE LOMENIH, " M. Thorwaldsen, par un Homme
de Rien," 1841 ; ALFRED REOMONT, "Thorwaldsen: Gedachtniss-
rede," 1844 ; HILLERUP, " Thorwaldsen og hans Vaerker," 2 vols,,

1841-42: I. M. THIELE, " Thorwaldsen's Arbeiten und Lebensver-
haltnisse im Zeitraume 1828-1844," etc., a vols., 1854.

Thoth, Toth, or Tauut, an Egyptian divinity, sup-
posed to correspond to the Greek Hermes and the Roman
Mercury. (See HERMES TRISMEGISTUS.) He is the
moon-god, and the god of letters. The baboon and the
ibis were sacred to him.

Thoth'mea I, a king of Egypt, who belonged to the
eighteenth dynasty. He advanced with his armies to
the Euphrates, and greatly adorned the vast temple of
Amen-Ra at Thebes. His daughter Hatshepu, or Ha-
tasu, was his associate in power. On his death, she
married her brother, THOTHMES II. She was regent,
and claimed the title of king, under Thothmes III., her
econd brother. She held the power with great efficiency
for twenty-one years. THOTHMES III., after the death
of Hatshepu, came into full power. He became master
of Crete and Cyprus, made great conquests in Syria and
Ethiopia, marched to Nineveh, and built a fleet on the
Euphrates. He reigned fifty-four years. Egyptian art
was at its highest pitch in his reign, which in some
respects was the most brilliant period in Egyptian annals.

Thott, von, fon tot, (Orro,) COUNT, a Danish finan-
cier, born in 1703, became minister of state in 1772. He
owned a library of 121,945 volumes, of which a cata-
logue was published, in 12 vols., (1789-95.) Died in 1785.

Thou, de, deh too, (CHRISTOPHE,) an eminent French
judge born in Paris in 1508. He became first president
of the Pailiament of Paris about 1562. He pursued a
neutral or moderate course in relation to the civil wan
and the League. Died in 1582.

See MORE>I, " Dictionnaire Historique ;" DsTHOU, " Me'moires."

Thou, de, (FRANCOIS AUGUSTE.) eldest son of the
celebrated historian, noticed below, was born in Paris
about 1607. He succeeded his father as master of the
Royal Library, and was afterwards appointed master of
requests and councillor of state. Having been accused
of being privy to the conspiracy of Cinq-Mars, he was
executed in 1642. (See CiNQ-MARS.)

Thou, de, [Lat. THUA'NUS,] (JACQUES AUGUSTE,) an
eminent French historian and statesman, born in Paris
in October, 1553, was a son of Christophe de Thou, first
president of the Parliament. He studied in Paris, and
subsequently under Cujas (Cujacius) at Valence, in Dau-
phine, where he formed a lasting friendship with Joseph
Scaliger. Returning to Paris in 1572, he was present
at the Massacre of Saint Bartholomew, and entered the
church as canon of Notre-Dame. The following year
he accompanied Paul de Foix on an important mission
to Italy, and after the accession of Henry III. he was
appointed master of requests, (1584,) and councillor of
state, (1588.) He was chiefly instrumental in promoting
an alliance between Henry III. and Henry of Navarre,
and, on the latter being crowned, under the title of Henry
IV., became one of his most faithful adherents. In 1593
he was appointed by Henry grand master of the Royal
Library, and soon after president a morticr in the Parha
ment of Paris. He had a prominent part in fram ng the
edict of Nantes, (1598,) assisted at the Conference of Fon-
tainebleau, in 1600, and was employed in other important
transactions. He published in 1604 the first eighteen
books of his " History of his Own Time," (" Histona sui
Temporis,") of which a complete edition first appeared
in 1620, in one hundred and thirty-eight books. This
work, which was received with great favour by the public,
gave offence to the zealots of the Catholic Church, and
was formally condemned by being placed in the " Index
Expurgatonus." It is distinguished for the purity of its
stvle, as well as its accuracy and impartiality, and has
ob'tained the commendations of the most eminent critics.
De Thou also wrote an account of his life, entitled
" Thuani Commentarius de Vita sua," and several Latin
poems. The edition of his " History" published in Lon-
don in 1733 (7 vols. fol.) is esteemed the best, and a
French translation of it, by Le Mascrier, Desfontames,
and others, appeared in 1734, (16 vols. 410.) He died
in May, 1617. " De Thou," says Duplessis, " showed
himself a great statesman, with a profound knowledge
of men and things, equally removed from the fanaticism
of the different factions which divided France. A faithful
subject of the prince, but devoted also to the interests
of his country, he defended at the same time the rights
of the crown and the liberties of the kingdom, alternately
menaced by enemies from within and without."

See DE THOU, " Me'moires," (autobiographic,) 1711 : JOHN Cot.
LINSON, " Life of Thuanus," 1807 : P. CHASLES, "Discours sur la
Vie et les Ouvrages de J. A. de Thou," 1824 : HENRI PATIN, Dis-
cour, sur la Vie de J. A. de Thou," ,824 : GUERARD "Discours sur
la Vie, etc. de I. A. de Thou," 1824: DUNTZER, " J. A. de Thou s
Leben," etc., 1837: BAYLK, "Historical and Critical Dictionary :
NICERON, " M^moires;" " Nouvelle Biographic Generate.


Thouin. See LECLERC, (OSCAR.)

Thotiiu, too'aN', (ANDR*,) a French botanist, born in
Paris in 1747. He was appointed chief gardener of the
Jardin des Plantes about 1765. He wrote, besides other
works, "Lectures on the Culture and Naturalization
of Plants," (3 vols., 1827.) " Few men," says Cuvier,
"exercised a more useful influence." Died in 1824.

See DE SILVESTHE, " Notice sur A. Thouin." 1825 ; CUVIER,
" filoge de M. A. ThoUin," 1825 : " Nouvelle Biographic GeWrale.

Thouret, too'r^', (ANTOINE,) a French republican
writer, born at Tarragona (Spain) in 1807. He was
imprisoned nearly five years for his political writings,
(1831-35,) wrote, while in prison, several political novels,
and was elected to the Constituent Assembly of 1848.
Having opposed the policy of Napoleon, he was banished
in January, 1852. Died in 1857.

a, e T, o, u, y, long; a, e, A, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, o, obscure; fir, fill, fat; m{t; not; gofxi:



Thouret, (JACQUES GUILLAUME,) an able French
legislator and political writer, born at Pont-1'Eveque in
1746. He was an active member of the States-General
in 1789, and was a member of the committee which
formed the new constitution in 1790. In his principles
he was moderate and liberal. He was guillotined in 1794.

See DESSKAUX, " Notice sur Thouret," 1845 ; " Nouvelle Biogra-
phic Grfne^rale."

Thouret, (MICHEL AUGUSTIN,) a French physician, a
brother of the preceding, was born at Pont-l'Eve'que in
1748. He studied medicine at Caen and in Paris, and
in 1776 became one of the first members of the Royal
Society of Medicine. He published several valuable
medical treatises, among which we may name his " Re-
port on the Exhumations of the Cemetery of the Inno-
cents." Died in 1810.

Thouvenel, toov'nSl', (EnouARD ANTOINE,) a French
diplomatist, born at Verdun in November, 1818. He
was minister at Athens in 1849 and 1850, and was
charged with the political direction of the ministry of
foreign affairs from December, 1851, to 1855. He was
sent as ambassador to Constantinople in 1855, and ap-
pointed minister of foreign affairs in January, 1860. He
resigned office in October, 1862. He published in 1840
"Hungary and Wallachia: Souvenirs of Travel," etc.
Died October 18, 1866.

Thouvenel, (PIERRE,) a French physician, born in
Lorraine in 1745, practised in Paris, and wrote several
professional works. Died in 1815.

Thoynard. See TOINARD.

Thoyras. See RAPIN, DE, (PAUL.)

Thrale, MRS. See PIOZZI.

Thra'se-a, (P^rus,) a Roman senator and Stoic
philosopher, eminent for his virtue and integrity, was a
native of Padua. Having incurred the enmity of Nero
by his condemnation of that emperor's crimes, he was
sentenced to death, together with several of his friends,
in 66 A.D.

Thrasybule. See THRASYBULUS.

Thras'jr-bu'lus,* [Gr. QpaavGmfas; Fr. THRASYBULE,
tRfze'biil',] an eminent Grecian patriot and military
commander, was a native of Attica, and flourished about
400 B.C. Being appointed general by the democratic
party at Athens, conjointly with his friend Thrasyllus,
he procured, by a decree, the recall of Alcibiades from
exile. He rendered an important service at the battle
of Cyzicus, (410,) and was a subordinate officer at the
naval victory of Arginusae, (406.) Soon after the Thirty
Tyrants obtained power (404 B.C.) he was banished, and
retired to Thebes. Having raised a small band of sol-
diers and exiles, he seized Phyle, which he used as a
base of operations against the Thirty Tyrants. He
gained some advantages, and occupied the Piraeus. Here
he was besieged by the Spartan Lysander, but was re-
lieved from his perilous position by the intrigues of
Pausanias. The Thirty having been deposed by their
own subjects, a treaty of peace was concluded, and the
exiles were restored to citizenship. He commanded a
fleet sent to aid the democrats of Rhodes in 390. He
was killed near Aspendus in 389 B.C.


Thrasybuli"RebuV'~etc.,~i8zo; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."
Thrasybulus, sometimes called THE COLLYTIAN
from his birthplace, Collytus, in Attica, was contempo
rary with the preceding, whom he accompanied in his
exile to Phyle.

Thras'y-bu'lus, [Gr. epao-iffou/loc,] Tyrant of Syracuse
\acceeded his brother, Hiero I., in 466 B.C. Having ex-
isperated his subjects by his cruelty and oppression, he
collected a great number of mercenaries, at the head of
whom he attacked the Syracusans, who had solicited aid
from the Greeks in Sicily. Unable to maintain himself
against these forces, he was compelled to go into exile,
having reigned less than a year.

This name is not unfrequently mispronounced with the accen
on the antepenultima. The following couplet from Byron exhibit
the tnie accentuation :

" Spirit of Freedom 1 when on Pliyle's brow
Thou sat'st with Thrasybulus and his train."

Ckilde Hurotd, canto ii. stanza boriv.

Thrasylle. See THRASYLLUS.
Thra-syl'lus, [Gr. epaovXXof ; Fr. THRASYLLE, tkS'
:el',] an Athenian general and democrat, co-operated
with Thrasybulus against the oligarchy in 411 B.C. He
commanded a fleet which, in 409, was defeated at Ephe-
us, and gained a victory over a Syracusan squadron.
le was one of the six generals who commanded at
Arginusae in 406 B.C. and was unjustly put to death.

Threl'keld, (CALEB,) a British botanist, born in
Cumberland in 1676. He practised medicine in Dublin,
and published "Synopsis of Irish Plants," ("Synopsis
Stirpium Hibernicarum.") Died in 1728.
Thriverus, the Latin of DRIV^RE, which see.
Throc'mor-ton or Throg'mor-tpn, (Sir NICHO-
LAS,) an English diplomatist, born about 1513. He
accompanied Henry VIII. to France in 1544, was present
at the siege of Boulogne, and subsequently served in the
Scottish campaign of 1547. Having been charged in
1554 with being implicated in Wyatt's rebellion, he
defended himself on his trial with so much eloquence
and ability that he was acquitted. Under Queen Eliza-
3eth he became chamberlain of the exchequer, and
ambassador to France, where he resided four years.
He was afterwards sent on important missions to Scot-
and. He was father-in-law of the celebrated Sir Walter
Raleigh. Died in 1571.

Thros'by, (JOHN,) an English writer, born in 1746,
published "The History and Topography of Leicester,"
ind other similar works. Died in 1803.
Thmd, a daughter of THOR, which see.
Thrudheim and Thrudvangr. See THOR.
Thrymheim. See SKADI.
Thuanus. See THOU, DE.
Thucydide. See THUCYDIDES.
Thu-9yd'I-deI, [Gr. Qovicv6i<hi( ; Fr. THUCYDIDE,
tii'se'ded',] an Athenian politician and general, who
became the leader of the aristocratic party in 449 B.C.
"He was a man of great prudence," says Plutarch, " and
brother-in-law to Cimon. He had not, indeed, Cimon's
talents for war, but was superior to him in forensic and
political abilities." (Plutarch, " Pericles.") He was
the chief adversary of Pericles, and maintained a con-
test against him until 444 B.C., when Thucydides was

Thucydides, [Gr. BavicvK&rK ; Fr. THUCYDIDE,] an
illustrious Greek historian and general, born of a noble
family in the demus Halimus, in Attica, in 471 B.C., was
a son of Olorus. He was related to Miltiades and to
Cimon, and inherited an ample fortune. He informs his
readers that he owned gold-mines in Thrace, near the
island of Thasos. According to a current tradition, he
heard Herodotus read his history at Olympia, when he
was a boy, and was so deeply affected that he shed tears.
He is said to have been a pupil of Antiphon in oratory,
and of Anaxagoras in philosophy. He was one of the
sufferers attacked by the plague at Athens in 430 B.C.,
(of which he afterwards wrote a masterly description,)
which was the second year of the Peloponnesian war
In 424 he commanded a squadron of seven ships neai
Thasos, when the Spartan general Brasidas attacked
Amphipolis. He hastened to the defence of that town,
but he arrived too late, and found that it had just
surrendered to the Spartans. For this failure he was
banished, or, as some suppose, went into exile lo avoid
the penalty of death to which unfortunate generals were
liable. He informs us that he passed twenty years in
exile after this event. He availed himself of the leisure
and opportunities which he enjoyed in consequence of
his exile, to collect materials for a history of the Pelopon-
nesian war, which lasted about twenty -seven years, (431
-404.) He used the greatest diligence and care in ascer-
taining the facts by visits to the localities of the war
and by interviews with the prominent actors of that
period. It is supposed that he returned to Athens in
403, when a general amnesty was granted to exiles. He
was a contemporary of Socrates and Euripides.

His celebrity is founded on his " History of the
Peloponnesian War," in eight books, which, however, he
did not live to finish. It ends in 41 1 B.C., seven years
before the termination of the war. The first book of

cas*; cas.r; gbard; gas /; G, H, K.,guttural; n,nasal; t.,trilUd; sasz; th as in this.

lanations, p. 23.'




this work consists of introductory observations on the
early history of Greece. Ancient and modern critics are
unanimous in commending the accuracy, veracity, and
impartiality of Thucydides. His history combines the
merits of the orator, historian, philosopher, and states-
man, and is one of the most admirable monuments of
political wisdom.

His style is concise, noble, and intensely energetic.
It is stated that Demosthenes transcribed the history
of Thucydides eight times, in order to improve his own
style. Cicero described Thucydides as " a faithful and
dignified narrator of facts," ("rerum gestarum pro-
nunciator sincerus et grandis.") ("Brutus," cap. 83.)
The same critic also expresses the opinion that this
historian easily surpasses all others in the art of com-
position : "Thucydides omnesdicendi artificio, mea sen-
tentia, facile vicit." (" De Oratore," ii.)

"In spite of this great fault," says Macaulay, (refer-
ring to his fictitious speeches,) "it must be allowed that
Thucydides has surpassed all his rivals in the art of his-
torical narration, in the art of producing an effect on the
imagination by skilful selection and disposition without
indulging in the license of invention. . . . His book is
evidently the book of a man and a statesman, and in this
respect presents a remarkable contrast to the delightful
childishness of Herodotus. Throughout it there is an
air of matured power, of grave and melancholv reflection,
of impartiality and habitual self-command." (Macaulay's
Essay on "History," 1828.) He died about 401 B.C.,
leaving one son, Timotheus. Several ancient writers
state that he was assassinated, but they disagree in
respect to the place of his death. His " History" has
been translated into English by Hobbes, by William
Smith, (1753.) by S. T. Bloomfield, (1829.) by Thomas
Dale, and by Jowett, (1881.)

See DODWELL, " Annales Thucydidei," 1702; KR!)GKR, "Unter-
suchungen iiber das Leben des Thucydides," 1832 : ROSCHBR, " Le-
ben des Thucydides," 1842; GIRARD, "Thucydide," 1860; GROTB,
"History of Greece;" THIRLWALL," History of Greece ;" F. ROTH,
" Vergleichende Betrachtungen iiber Thucydides und Tacitus,"
1812 ; BONNELL, " De Thucydide et Herodoto Qu;estiomim histori-
carum Specimen," 1851 : " Nouvelle Biographic Ge"nerale :" ULRICH,
" Beitrage zur Erklarung des Thucydides," 1846.

ThuemmeL See THUMMEL.
Thuermer. See THURMER.

Thugut, too'goot, (FRANZ MARIA,) BARON, an Aus-
trian diplomatist, born at Linz in 1734. He was early
distinguished by the favour of Maria Theresa, and
employed on missions to Paris, Naples, and other Euro-
pean courts. In 1794 he succeeded Prince Kaunitz as
prime minister. He was removed in 1797, restored
in 1799, and finally driven from power in 1801. Died
in 1818.

See " Biographic Universelle."

Thuillier, tii'e'ye^i', (PIERRE,) a French landscape
painter, was born at Amiens in 1799. He gained a
medal of the first class in 1839 at Paris. Died in 1858.
Thuillier, (VINCENT,) a French scholar, born in the
diocese of Laon in 1685, was a monk of Saint-Maur.
He published a version of the " History" of Polybius,
(6 vo!s., 1727-30.) Died in 1736.

Thulden, van, vin tul'den, (THEODOR,) a celebrated
Flemish painter and engraver, born at Bois-le-Duc in
1607. He was a pupil of Rubens, whose style his own
greatly resembles, and whom he assisted in the series
of paintings which adorn the gallery of the Luxembourg.
Among his master-pieces are " The Martyrdom of Sainl
Andrew," in the church of Saint Michael at Ghent, and
"The Assumption of the Virgin," in the church of the
Jesuits at Bruges. He also excelled in delineating mar-
kets, fairs, etc., and produced a number of admirable
etchings, among which we may name " The Life of Sainl
John de Matha," (in 24 plates,) and "The History of
Ulysses," (58 plates.) Died in 1676.
See " Biographic Universelle."

Thulen, van, vin tu'len, (JOHN PHILIP,) a Flemish
painter, born at Malines in 1618, was a pupil of Seghers
He painted flowers, insects, etc. Died in 1667.

Tnummel or Thuemmel, von, fon tum'mel, (Mo
RITZ AUGUST,) a German litterateur, born near Lei psic
in 1738. His principal work is a romance, entitled "A
Journey in the Southern Provinces of France," (9 vols.

1791-1805,) which is commended by Schiller and enjoys
p-eat popularity in Germany. His " Wilhelmine," a
comic prose poem, is also highly esteemed, and has been
translated into several languages. He was privy coun-
cillor and minister under the Duke of Saxe-Coburg from
1768 to 1783. Died in 1817.

See J. E. VON GRUNHR, "Leben M. A. von Thiimmel's," 1819;
' Biographic Universelle."

Thummig, toom'mio, (LuDWio PHILIPP,) a German
philosopher, born at Culmbach in 1697, published seve-
ral works. He was a disciple of Wolf. Died at Casscl
n 1728.

Thunberg, toon'bSRG, (KARL PETER,) a celebrated
Swedish botanist and physician, born in the province of
Smaland in 1743. He studied natural history at the
University of Upsal, under Linnaeus. In 1772 he visited
the Cape of Good Hope, and in 1775 accompanied, as
physician, the embassy of the East India Company to
Japan. He succeeded the younger Linnaeus as professor
of botany at Upsal in 1784. He was instrumental in
r ounding a botanic garden in that city, and bestowed
upon the university his valuable collection of objects
m natural history. Among his principal works are his
" Flora Japonica," " Flora Capensis," " Icones Planta-
rum Japonicarum," and "Travels," (4 vols., 1788,) which
were translated into English and German. A genus of
beautiful climbing plants has been named in his honour,
also several species in different genera of insects. Died
in 1828.

See BILLBERG, " Aminnelse-Tal bfver C. P. Thunberg," 1832;
SCHROBDER, " Vita C. P. Thunberg," 1832 : GEZBLIUS, " B.ografiskt
Lexicon ;" CUVIER, " Histoire des Sciences naturelles ;"

Thunmann, toon'mln, (JOHN,) a Swedish writer,
born in Sudermania in 1746. He wrote " Researches on
the History of the People of Eastern Europe," (1774.)
Died in 1778.

Thura, too'ra, (LAWRENCE,) a poet, born in Laaland
in 1656. He became Bishop of Ribe in 1714. Died
in 1731.

Thuriot, rii're-o', (JACQUES ALEXANDRE,) a French
Jacobin, was an active member of the Convention, in
which he voted for the death of the king. As president
of that body, he promoted the fall of Robespierre on the
9th Thermidor, 1794. Died in 1829.

Thttr'loe, (JOHN,) an English minister of state, born
at Abbot's Roding, in Essex, in 1616. He studied law,
was called to the bar in 1647, and obtained several
offices by the favour of his patron, Oliver Saint John. In
1652 he was appointed secretary to the council of state.
He was secretary of state from December, 1653, until
the restoration, 1660. During a part of this period he
was also postmaster-general, and a member of Parlia-
ment. He rendered important services to Cromwell by
the detection of plots against the Commonwealth. He
was distinguished for his talents for business, and his

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 348 of 425)