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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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moderation. After the restoration, Charles II. invited
him to take office, which he declined. Died in 1668.
His " State Papers," published by Dr. Birch, (7 vols.,
1742,) are considered very valuable.

See DR. BIRCH, " Life of J. Thurloe," 1742; BURNBT, " History
of his Own Times."

Thfir'low, (EDWARD,) LORD, an eminent English
lawyer and politician, born in Norfolk or near Stow-
market, in Suffolk, in 1732, was a son of Rev. Thomas
Thurlow. He was sent to Caius College, Cambridge,
which he was compelled to leave without a degree, on
account of his turbulent and refractory conduct. He
studied law in the Inner Temple, was called to the bar
in 1754 or 1756, (Lord Campbell says 1754,) and joined
the Western circuit In early life he was a friend of
the poet Cowper. He rose rapidly in his profession,
and obtained the rank of king's counsel in 1761. He
distinguished himself as junior counsel in the great
Douglas cause, tried in the House of Lords, (1769.) In
1768 he was elected a member of Parliament, in which
he supported Lord North's administration. He became
solicitor -general in 1770, and attorney-general in 1771.
Having commended himself to the favour of George
III. by his zealous support of Lord North's American
policy, he was appointed lord chancellor in June, 1778,
and was raised to the peerage, as Baron Thurlow. In

a., e, T, 5, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e. I, 6, ii, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; far, fall, lit; met; iiOt>gocxl;nioi>u-


23 1 ?


1782 the ministry was changed, but Thurlow was re-
tained as chancellor, although he was opposed to the
measures of the new prime minister, Rockingham.
When a new cabinet was formed by the coalition of
Lord North and Fox, in 1783, Thurlow lost his orrice,
but he was again appointed lord chancellor by Mr. Pitt
In December, 1783. He soon became an enemy to Pitt,
and, relying on the personal favour of the king, thought
he could displace or circumvent that minister. " He
espoused the cause of Warren Hastings with indecorous
violence." (Macaulay.) He opposed the abolition of
the slave-trade. In consequence of his open hostility
to Pitt and some of his measures, he was removed from
office in 1792, after which he became a " flaming patriot"
He ceased to be prominent many years before his
death, which occurred in September, 1806.

See LORD CAMPBELL, " Lives of the Lord Chancellors," vol. v. ;
BROUGHAM, "Statesmen of the Time of George III. ;" Foss, "The
Judges of England ;" " Edinburgh Review" for September, 1814.

Thur'man, (ALLEN GRANBERY,) an American
jurist, born at Lynchburg, Virginia, in 1813. He
studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1835, was
elected to Congress in 1844, and became a judge of
the supreme court of Ohio in 1851. In 1869 he
was elected a member of the United States Senate;
in 1876, 1880, and 1884 he received votes for Presi-
dent in the Democratic convention, and in 1888 was
nominated for Vice-President, but was defeated. Died
in 1895.

Thurmann, tooR'mln, (JULES,) a Swiss or German
geologist and botanist, born at Neufbrisach in 1804.
He published an " Essay on the Jurassic Upheavals,"
and other works. Died in 1855.

Thuru und Taxis, toojm oont tlx'lss, [Fr. TOUR-
ET-TAXIS,] a family of Bavarian and Austrian Catholic
princes, very prominent in South German history.

Thuriieysser or Thurneisser zum Thurn, IOOR'-
nl-ser tsoom tooRn, (LEONARD,) a Swiss alchemist and
physician, born at Bale in 1531. He was patronized
by the archduke Ferdinand, brother of Maximilian II.,
who charged him with the administration of the mines
of Tyrol. In 1571 he was appointed physician to the
Elector of Brandenburg. He amassed a large fortune by
his pretended skill in astrology and alchemy, but, his
deceptions being at length discovered, he was obliged to
leave Berlin, and died at Cologne in 1596. He was the
author of a number of works, which are now forgotten.

Thurot, tii'ro', (FRANCOIS,) a French seaman, born
in Burgundy in 1727. Having previously distinguished
himself as captain of a privateer, he entered the royal
marine, and gained several important victories over the
English, but he was mortally wounded in an engagement
near the Isle of Man, (1760.)

Thurot, (JEAN FRANCOIS,) a French philosopher and
Hellenist, born at Issoudun in 1768. He obtained a
chair of Greek language and philosophy in the College
de France in 1814. Among his works is a " Treatise on
the Understanding and the Reason," (" De 1'Entende
ment et de la Raison," 1830.) Died in 1832.

See SILVHSTKK DH SACY, " Notice sur la Vie de M. Thurot, 1 '
1833; " Nouvelle Biographic G^nerale. "

Thurs'by, (EMMA,) an American soprano-singer,
born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1854. Her musical
education began very early, under Madame Rudersdorf
and E.ani. She first attained distinction as a church-
ginger. Mr. Strakosch in 1879 introduced her to the
concert-stage, when her remarkable talents were every-
where recognized, both in Europe and in America.

Thurs'ton, (ROBERT HENRY,) an American engineer
and physicist, a son of R. L. Thurston, was born at Provi-
dence, Rhode Island, October 25, 1839. He graduated
at Brown University in 1859, served in the United State!
navy 1861-65, became assistant professor of natural
philosophy in the Naval Academy in 1865, professor o:
mechanical engineering in the Stevens Institute in
1 87 1, and director of Sibley College, Cornell Uni-
versity, in 1885. His experiments and inventions
have proved of great service to his profession. Among
his works are a " History of the Growth of the Steani-

Engine," (1878,) " Friction and Lubrication,"
" Materials of Engineering," (3 vols., 1883-84,) and
a large number of valuable professional reports.

Thurston, (ROBERT LAWTON,) an American mecha-
nician, born at Portsmouth, Rhode Island, December 13,
1800. In 1834 he became a partner in the business of
juilding steam-engines at Providence, Rhode Island, in
which he won great distinction. Died at Providence,
"anuary 13, 1873.

Thwaites, thwats, (EDWARD,) an English scholar,
>orn in 1667, was professor of Greek at Oxford. He
mblished several Anglo-Saxon works. Died in 1711.

Thy-Ss'teS, [Gr. Qvia-rtK ; Fr. THYESTE, te'Sst',] in
classic mythology, was a son of Pelops and Hippodami'a,
a brother of Atreus, and father of jBgisthus. The enmity
>etween Thyestes and Atreus was the subject of several
discordant legends, which ascribe to each a number of
vindictive crimes and atrocities. (See ATREUS.) This
story was dramatized by Sophocles and Euripides in
ragedies which are not extant.

ThymbreeuB, thim-bree'us, [Gr. QvfiSpalof ; Fr.
THYMBREE, tiN'bRi',] a surname of Apollo, derived
" om the temple of Thymbra, in Troas.

Thynue, thin, (FRANCIS,) an English antiquary and
writer on heraldry. He was the author of a " History
of Dover Castle and the Cinque Ports," (in manuscript,)
and a " Discourse of the Duty and Office of an Herald
of Arms." Died in 1611.
Thyonde. See THYONEUS.

Thy-o'neus, [Gr. wuvriic; Fr. THYONEE, te'o'-
ni' : supposed to be derived from 9vu, to " rush," to
"be excited,"] a surname of Bacchus, whose mother
was called Thyone (Qvuvii) after she was translated to

Thys, tiss, [Lat. THY'SIUS,] a Dutch philologist, bora
at Harderwyck in 1603. He was professor of eloquence
and law at Leyden, edited several Latin authors, and
wrote a few works, in prose and verse. Died in 1665.
Thysius. See THYS.

Tiarini, te-S-ree'nee, (ALESSANDRO,) an eminent Ital-
ian painter, born at Bologna in 1577, was a pupil of
Fontana and Passignano. Among his master-pieces are
" Saint Peter denying Christ," a " Miracle of Saint
Dominic," and the " Deposition from the Cross." His
works are principally oil-paintings, and his style resem-
bles that of the Caracci. Died in 1668.

Tiarks, tee'aRks, (JOHN LEWIS,) a German astron-
omer, born at Jever in 1789, removed to London, where
he became assistant librarian to Sir Joseph Banks.
About 1821 he was sent on an expedition to various
parts of Europe in order to determine the longitude by
means of chronometers. He was a Fellow of the Royal
Society. Died in 1837.
Tibaldeo. See TEBALDEO.
Tibaldi, (DoMENico.) See PELLEGRINI.
Tibell, tee'bel, (GusTAVUs WILHELM,) a Swedish
general, born in Sudermania in 1772. He served under
Bonaparte in Italy, (1795-1802.) Died in 1824.
Tib6re. See TIBERIUS.

Tib-e-ri'nus, a mythical king of Alba, was said to
have been drowned in the river which was afterwards
called from him the Tiber, (Tiberis.)
Tiberio. See TIBERIUS.

Tl-be'rI-us, [Fr. TIBERE, teTjaiR' ; It TIBERIO, te-
ba're-o,) or, more fully, Ti-be'rI-us Clau'dl-us Ne'ro
a celebrated emperor of Rome, born in 42 B.C. He was
a son of Livia Drusilla, the wife of Augustus, by her
first marriage, and belonged to the patrician pens Ciau-
dia. His father was T. Claudius Nero. At an early
age he acquired a high reputation in military affairs, and
served with distinction in Spain, Asia Minor, and Ger-
many. His talents were respectable, if not superior. He
was well versed in Greek and Latin literature. His first
wife was Vipsania Agrippina, a daughter of Agrippa.
About 12 B.C. he was compelled to divorce her, and to
marry Julia, a daughter of the emperor Augustus. He
passed seven years at Rhodes in retirement, and returned
to Rome in 2 A.D. After the death of Caius Caesar, in 4
A.D., Augustus adopted Tiberius as his son and suc-
cessor. He became emperor in the year 14, and at first

f ax k: c as s; g hard: g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled: s as *; *h as in this. ( 23P" See Explanations, p.-23-)




aged his power with moderation. He had a suspicious
temper, and was a most artful dissembler. He chose
for his favourite minister and adviser the infamous
Sejanus, to whom he soon abandoned the direction of
the government. Tiberius was suspected of being acces-
sory to the death of Germanicus, (19 A.D.) His only
son, Drusus, was poisoned by Sejanus in 23. In the year
26 he left Rome, to which he never returned, and retired
to the island of Capri, (Capreae.) Avoiding publicity
and neglecting affairs of state, he abandoned himself to
debauchery. In 31 A.D. Sejanus was put to death by the
order or permission of Tiberius, and Macro became the
powerful favourite. Tiberius died in 37 A.D., without
appointing his successor. It is stated that he was suf-
focated by Macro, by whose aid Caligula then became
emperor. " The historian," says Macaulay, (referring to
Tacitus,) "undertook to make us intimately acquainted
with a man singularly dark and inscrutable, with a
man whose real disposition long remained swathed up
in intricate folds of factitious virtues, and over whose
actions the hypocrisy of his youth and the seclusion of
his old age threw a singular mystery. ... He was to
exhibit the old sovereign of the world sinking into a
dotage which, though it rendered his appetites eccentric
and his temper savage, never impaired the powers of
his stern and penetrating mind, conscious of failing
strength, raging with capricious sensuality, yet to the
last the keenest of observers, the most artful of dis-
semblers, and the most terrible of masters. The task
was one of extreme difficulty. The execution is almost
perfect." (Essay on " History.")

See SUETONIUS, "Tiberius:" TACITUS, " Annales :" SIRVKRS,
"Tacitus und Tiberius," 1850; V. DURUV, " De Tiberio Impera-
tore," 1853.

Tiberius (Amc/ius FLA'VIUS CONSTANT! NUS) TL,
surnamed THRAX, (or the " Thracian,") Emperor of the
East, a native of Thrace, was born in the early part of
the sixth century. He was treated with great distinction
by Justin II., who bestowed upon him the dignity of
Caesar in 574, and subsequently abdicated in his favour.
He carried on a successful war against the Persians
under Chosroes, whom he signally defeated at Melitene,
(576 A.D.) He died in 582 A.D., and was succeeded
by his son-in-law Mauritius, whom he had previously
created Caesar.

Tiberius, a Greek philosopher and grammarian, sup-
posed to have lived in the fourth century. One of his
rhetorical works is extant, and a number of fragments.

H-be'rl-uB Ab-aim'a-rus, a Greek general of the
seventh century, caused himself to be proclaimed Em-
peror of Constantinople in opposition to Leontius, (698
A.D.) He was deposed and put to death by Justinian
II., (705 A.D.)

Tibe'riua Alexan'der, a native of Alexandria, was
appointed by the emperor Nero governor of Judea, and
subsequently prefect of Egypt. He was distinguished
by the favour of Vespasian and Titus, and assisted the
latter in the siege of Jerusalem.

Tibull, the German for TIBULLUS, which see.

Tibulle. See TIBULLUS.

Tibullo. See TIBULLUS.

Ti-bul'lus, [Fr. TIBULLE, te'bul'; Ger. TIBULL,
te-bd6K; It. TIBULLO, te-bool'lo,] (ALBius,) a distin-
guished Roman elegiac poet of the Augustan age, was
born in Italy about 55 B.C. He was a son of a knight,
(equti,) from whom he inherited an estate between Tibur
2nd Praeneste. This estate was confiscated in the civil
war, but he recovered a part of it, and passed much
of his life there, enjoying the peaceful pleasures of the
country, of which he was a warm admirer. He was
patronized by Valerius Messala, whom he accompanied
in a campaign in Gaul in 31 B.C. He was an intimate
friend of Horace, who addressed to him an epistle and
an ode, (" Carmina," i. 33.) His character is said to have
been amiable. He wrote amatory elegies addressed to
Delia and Nemesis. His poems are models of graceful
simplicity and genuine tenderness. The best editions
of Tibullus are those published by Lachmann (1829) and
by Dissenus, (or Dissen,) (1835.) Died about 18 B.C.

See AYRMANN, "Vita Tibulli," 1719: DEGEN, "A Tibull"
1780; GRUPPE, " Die Romische Elegie," 1838

Tick'ell, (RICHARD,) an English writer and politician
of the eighteenth century, published a pamphlet, entitled
"Anticipation," and other works. Died in 1793.

Tickell, (THOMAS,) an English poet and translator
born in Cumberland in 1686. He studied at Queen's
College, Oxford, of which he became a Fellow in 1710.
He was an intimate friend of Addison, who made him
under-secretary of state in 1717. He subsequently be-
came secretary to the lords justices of Ireland. He was
the author of poems entitled "The Prospect of Peace"
and "The Royal Progress." The latter is character-
ized by Dr. Johnson as " neither high nor low." His
translation of the first book of the " Iliad" is highly
commended by Addison, but it is regarded by other
critics as greatly inferior to Pope's. Tickell also wrote a
number of prose essays, and an admired " Elegy on
the Death of Addison." Died in 1740.

Tick'nor, (CALEB,) a skilful American physician,
born in Salisbury, Connecticut, about 1804. He prac-
tised in New York, and wrote much for medical journals.
Died about 1840.

See WILLIAMS, " Medical Biography."

Ticknor, (ELISHA,) an American teacner, born about
1760, was the father of George Ticknor. He taught in
Boston, where he died in 1821.

Ticknor, (GEORGE,) a distinguished American scholar
and writer, born at Boston in 1791. He graduated at
Dartmouth College, and subsequently spent five years
in visiting various parts of Europe. He was appointed
after his return professor of the French and Spanish
languages and literature at Harvard College. He brought
out in 1849 his " History of Spanish Literature," (3 vols.
8vo.) It immediately established the reputation of the
author, and has obtained the highest eulogy from emi-
nent critics of all countries, having been translated into
Spanish and German. In 1863 Mr. Ticknor published
his "Life of William H. Prescott," one of the most in-
teresting biographies in the language. Died in 1871.

See "London Quarterly Review" for October, 1850; "North
American Review" for January, 1850.

Ticozzi, te-kot'see, (STEFANO,) an Italian litterateur,
born in the province of Como in 1762. Among his
principal works are his " Dictionary of Architects, Sculp-
tors, Painters, etc. of every Age and Nation," (4 vols.
8vo, 1830,) "Historical Memoirs," and translations of
Sismondi's "History of the Italian Republics" and Llo-
rente's " History of the Inquisition." He was prefect
of the department of the Piave under the French empire.
Died in 1836.

See TIPALDO, " Biografia degli Italian! itlustri ;" " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Tidemand, tee'deh-mjnd', (ADOLPH,) a Norwegian
painter of high reputation, born at Mandal in 1815. He
was appointed painter to the king, and distinguished
himself as a painter of national manners. His favourite
subjects are scenes of domestic life. Died in 1876.

Tidemann, tee'deh-man', (PHILIPP,) a German
painter, born at Nuremberg in 1657, was a pupil of
Lairesse at Amsterdam. He painted mythological sub-
jects with success. Died in 1715.

Ti'dy, (CHARLES MEYMOTT,) an English physician,
born in London, February 2, 1843. In 1865 he gradu-
ated at the University of Aberdeen, and in 1866 he was
appointed joint professor of chemistry in the University
ofXondon, afterwards taking the professorship of forensic
medicine. Among his works are " Gleanings in Toxi-
cology," " Forensic Medicine and Toxicology," (with W.
B. Woodman, 1877,) " Hand-Book of Chemistry," (1878,)
and many reports and papers.

Tieck, teek, (CHRISTIAN FRIEDRICH,) a German
sculptor, brother of the celebrated Ludwig Tieck, was
born at Berlin in 1776. In 1805 he visited Rome, and
subsequently repaired to Munich, where he executed
portrait-busts of Schelling, Jacobi, and the crown-prince
Ludwig. Among his other works we may name a life-
size statue of Necker, and busts of Lessing, Grotius,
Wallenstein, and William of Orange. Died in 1851.

See NAGLBR, "AUgemeines Kiinstler-Lexikon."

Tieck, (LUDWIG,) a distinguished German poet and
novelist, born in Berlin in May, 1773, was a brother of
the preceding. He was educated at Halle, Gottingen, and

I, e, i, 6, Q, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, u, ?, short; a, e, j, o, obscure; far, fill, fat; m?t; not g6Tkl; moon;




Erlangen. His favourite studies were history and liter-
ature, ancient and modern. He produced " Abdallah,"
a novel, (1795,) "William Lovell," (1795,) and "Travels
of Sternbald," (" Sternbald's Wanderungen," 1798.) He
associated at Jena with the Schlegels, Novalis, and
Schelling. About 1800 he married a young woman
named Alberti. In literature he belonged to the ro-
mantic school. His reputation was increased by dramas
entitled "Genoveva, or Genevieve of Brabant," (1800,)
and the "Emperor Octavian," ("Kaiser Octavianus,"
1804.) He resided a few years at Dresden, (1800-04,)
and travelled in Italy in 1805. Among his principal
works are "Phantasus," (3 vols., 1812-15,) "The Revolt
of the Cevennes," a novel, (1826,) and "Poet-Life,"
(" Dichterleben," 1828.) He displayed great talent for
irony and humour in his comedies or satires entitled
" Puss in Boots," " The World turned Upside Down,"
and " Prince Zerbino, or Travels in Search of Good
Taste," (2 vols., 1799-1800.) After a visit to France
and England, (1817,) he settled at Dresden in 1819.
He produced a good translation of " Don Quixote,"
(4 vols., 1799-1801,) and assisted Schlegel in the trans-
lation of Shakspeare. In 1840 the King of Prussia
invited Tieck to Berlin, appointed him a privy councillor,
and granted him a pension. After that date he resided
at Berlin and Potsdam. Tieck was a very prolific writer.
His versions of Shakspeare's plays are among the best
ever made. He died in Berlin in April, 1853.

See " L. Tieck," Cassel, 1854 ; L. DE LoMiNlE, " M. Tieck, par
un Horame de Rien," 1841 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale :"
"Foreign Quarterly Review" for October, 1838, and July, 1839;
" Fraser's Magazine" for November, 1831, and November, 1847.

Tiedemann, tee'deh-mJn', (DIETRICH,) a German
philosopher, born near Bremen in 1748. He was pro-
fessor of philosophy at Marburg, and was an adversary
of Kant He wrote, besides other works, which are
highly commended, " The Spirit of Speculative Philoso-
phy, from Thales to Berkeley," (6 vols., 1790-97.) Died
in 1803.

Tiedemann, (FRIEDRICH,) a distinguished German
anatomist and physiologist, a son of the preceding, was
born at Cassel in 1781. He graduated at Marburg in
1804, and in 1805 became professor of anatomy and
zoology at Landshut. In 1812 he obtained the prize
offered by the French Institute for the best work on the
structure of the Radiata, and at the same time was
elected a corresponding member of that body. He was
called in 1816 to fill the chair of anatomy, physiology,
etc. at Heidelberg. Among his numerous works we
may name the " Anatomy and Natural History of Am-
phibious Animals," (1817,) "Arteries of the Human
Body," " Nerves of the Uterus," and " Physiology of
Man," (3 vols., 1830-36.) Died in 1861.

Tiedge, teed'ceh, (almost teed'yeh,) (CHRISTOPH AU-
GUST,) a German poet of high reputation, was born at
Gardelegen in 1752. While filling the office of private
tutor at Hohenstein, he acquired the friendship of Gleim
and the Baroness von der Recke, and in 1804 visited
Italy in company with the latter. His principal poem,
entitled "Urania," was received with great favour, and
was followed by his "Mirror for Women," ("Frauen-
spiegel,") "Wanderings through the Market of Life,"
" Elegies," etc. During the latter part of his life Tiedge
resided with his friend Madame von der Recke, whom
he survived about eight years, dying in 1841. His poetry
is characterized by great moral beauty and devotional
feeling, and has many points of resemblance to that of

Tiele, (CORNELIUS PETRUS,) a Dutch theologian,
was born at Leyden in 1830. He became a pastor at
Rotterdam in 1856, and professor of the history of
religions at Leyden in 1877. His works include
" Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions," (1860 72,)
" Babylonian and Assyrian History," ( 1887,) "West-
ern Asia," (1894,) etc. He was Gifford lecturer at
Edinburgh in 1896-98.

Tielemans, tee'leh-mans', (JEAN FRANCOIS,) a Bel-
gian jurist and liberal politician, born at Brussels in
1799. He was minister of the interior about one month,
March, 1831, was afterwards governor of Antwerp, and
professor of law in Brussels. Died July 5, 1887.

Tien-T6, te-?n' ta, or Tien-Tin, te-Sn' t!h, called
also Tai-Ping-Wang, a Chinese leader of insurgents,
born in 1813. His original name was PHUH, and his
literary name HuNG-Slu-TsHUEN. He was educated
for the class of litirati, but at the final examination in
Canton he failed to obtain a degree. About 1833 he
received from an agent of the London Bible Society
some tracts or a version of the Holy Scriptures, which
he read with great interest. He professed to have
received a divine mission, and began to preach
the worship of idols. He was successful in converting
many to the " foreign righteousness," wrote religious
essays and poems, and became the founder of a new
religion, similar to Christianity in some respects. Ac-
cording to some authorities, he joined several secret
political societies formed to liberate China from the
domination of the Mantchoos. In 1850 he raised the
standard of revolt. His followers cut off their pig-tails,
which is accounted an act of high treason in China,
Tien-Te^ marched victoriously through several provinces,
and captured Nanking in 1853, after he had defeated the
imperialist armies in a number of battles. His govern-
ment, of which Nanking was the capital, was a military
theocracy. In July, 1864, Nanking was taken by the
imperialists, the rebellion was suppressed, and Tien-Te 1
killed himself.

See "Life of Tai-Ping-Wang," by J. MILTON MACKJE, 1857;
"The Taeping Rebellion," in the "Merchants' Magazine" for Jan-
uary, 1865.

Tiepolo, te-8p'o-lo, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) a Vene-
tian painter, born in 1693, was patronized by Charles
III. of Spain, where he executed several works of great
merit. His pictures are chiefly frescos, painted in the
style of Paul Veronese. It is stated that his oil-paint-
ings are to be found in all the galleries of Europe. Died
at Madrid about 1770.

See LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy;" TICOIZI, "Diiio-

Tiepolo, (JACOPO,) a Venetian jurist, became Doge
of Venice in 1229. Died in 1249.

His son LORENZO became Doge in 1268. Died in 1275.

Tiepolo, (Niccoi.6,) a Venetian poet and senator
eminent for his talents and learning. He was employed
in several diplomatic missions. Died in 1551.

Tierney, teer'ne, (GEORGE,) an English statesman,
born at Gibraltar in 1761. He was elected to Parliament

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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 349 of 425)