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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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at Ellsworth High School and Bluehill (Maine) Academy.
When twenty years old, she became a Roman Catholic.
During the civil war she was a nurse in a military hos-
pital in Washington. In 1873 she went to Europe and
became a resident of Italy. Her principal works are
"The House of Yorke," (1872,) "A Winged Word,"
(1873.) "Grapes and Thorns," (1874,) "Six Sunny
Months," (1878,) "Signor Monaldini's Niece," a work
which greatly enhanced her literary reputation, (1879,)
"By the Tiber," (1881,) "The Jewel in the Lotos,"
(1884.) and "Aurora," (1885.)

Tiiictor, tink'tor, or Tinctoris, tink-to'ris, (JAN,) a
Flemish musician, born at Nivelle about 1434, or, as some
say, 1450. He went to Naples, and was patronized by
King Ferdinand I. He produced a musical dictionary,
"Terminorum Musicae Definitorium," (without date.)
Died about 1520.

Tin'dal, (MATTHEW,) LL.D., an English jurist and
deistical writer, born in Devonshire about 1657. Soon
after the accession of James II. he embraced Roman
Catholicism, but he subsequently returned to the Church
of England. He published in 1706 a work entitled
"The Rights of the Christian Church Asserted," etc.,
being an attack upon hierarchical power, which involved
him in a bitter and protracted controversy with several
clergymen of the Church of England. He was the
author of a number of political essays ; but he is princi-
pally known by his "Christianity as old as the Creation,
or the Gospel a Republication of the Religion of Nature,"
(1730.) Died in 1733.

See " Biographia Britannica :" SMALL, " Memoirs of the Life ol
M. Tindal," 1733; "Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Tindal, (Rev. NICHOLAS,) a nephew of the preceding,
was born in 1687, and rose through several preferments to
be rector of Alverstoke, in Hampshire. He translated
from the French Rapin's" History of England," of which



S, 1,6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, 8, u, y,sAort;a,$, i, o, obscure; fir, fall, fat; mft; not; good; moon-



TINDAL



2323



TIRI DATES



he wrote a continuation brought down to the reign of
George II. Died in 1774.

Tindal, (Sir NICHOLAS CONYNGHAM,) an English
jurist and statesman, born in 1777. He studied at
Trinity Co lege, Cambridge, and in 1827 represented
that university in Parliament. He was afterwards ap-
pointed lord chief justice of the court of common pleas.
Died in 1846.

Tin'dale or T^u'dale, ( WILLIAM,) an eminent Eng
lish Reformer and martyr, was born in Gloucestershire
about 1480. He studied at Oxford, and subsequently at
Cambridge, where he took his degree. Having been
tonverted to the doctrines of Luther, by which he
was exposed to persecution in England, he repaired to
Germany, and afterwards settled at Antwerp, where he
devoted himself to the translation of the New Testament
into English. The first edition came out about 1525,
and met with a rapid sale both in England and on the
continent. He published in 1534 a new and improved
edition. His translation of the Pentateuch, in which he
was assisted by Miles Coverdale, had appeared in 1530.
In 1534 Tindale, whose writings had been previously
denounced by the English government, was seized at
Antwerp through the interference of the King of Eng-
land, brought to trial for heresy, and, after an imprison-
ment of nearly two years, strangled and burnt at the
stake, (1536.)

Tinelli, te-nel'lee, (TlBERlo,) an Italian painter of
history and portraits, born at Venice in 1586, was a
pupil of L. Bassano. His works are highly praised.
Died in 1638.

Tinne, tin'neh, (ALEXANDRINE,) a rich heiress and
traveller, born in Holland, October 17, 1835. In 1863-
64 she explored the sources of the Gazelle River, the
western branch of the White Nile. She was murdered
by the Tuariks in 1869, between Moorzook and Ghat.

Tintoret, Le. See TINTORETTO.

Tintoretto, tin-to-ret'to or ten-to-ret'to, [Fr. LE
TINTORET, leh taN'to'rJ',] (GlACOMO,) one of the most
eminent painters of the Venetian school, was born at
Venice in 1512. His original name was ROBUSTI, but
he assumed that of Tintoretto from the occupation of
his father, who was a dyer, ( Tintore.) He made Titian
his model in colouring and ..lichael Angelo in design.
He painted with great rapidity, and his works, both in
oil and fresco, are very numerous. Among his master-
pieces may be named "The Last Judgment" and "The
Worship of the Golden Calf," in the church of Santa
Maria dell' Orto, " The Miracle of the Slave," (some-
times called " The Miracle of Saint Mark,") in the Acad-
emy of Venice, "The Marriage at Cana," the "Cruci-
fixion," in the Scuola di San Rocco, and a " Paradise," a
colossal picture containing more than a hundred figures.
Died in 1594. His son Domenico and daughter Mari-
etta were distinguished as painters ; the latter excelled
in portraits. "All landscape grandeur," says Ruskin,
" vanishes before that of Titian and Tintoret ; and this
is true of whatever these two giants touched." (" Mod-
ern Painters.")

Se CARLO RIDOLPI, "Vitadi G. Robusti detto 11 Tintoretto,"
1642; LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy:" VASARI, "Lives of
the Painters ;" MRS. JAMESON, " Memoirs of Early Italian Painters."

Tin'worth, (GEORGE,) an English artist in terra-
cotta, was horn at London in 1843. He early dis-
played artistic powers, entered the Doulton Art
Pottery Works in 1867, and became famous for his
productions, mainly terra-cotta panels in high relief of
groups from sacred history.

Tipaldo, te-pil'do, (EMILIO AMEDEO,) an Italian
scholar and writer, born at Corfu in 1798. He became
in 1829 professor of history, etc. in the Marine College
of Venice. He published many important works, among
which we may notice a " History of Profane Greek Lite-
rature," (9 vols., 1824-30,) and " Biography of Illustrious
Italians of the Eighteenth Century and of the Present
Age," ("Biografia degli Italian! illustri del Secolo
XVIII. e de' Contemporanei," 10 vols., 1834-46.)

Tippoo Sahib, tip'poo' sih'Hib, written also Tippoo
Saib, Sultan of Mysore, born in 1749, was the son of
Hyder Alee, (or Aly,) whom he succeeded on the throne



in 1782. He prosecuted the war which he had pre-
viously waged against the English until, in 1784, a treaty
of peace was concluded at Mangalore. In 1790 he in-
vaded the territory of the Rajah of Travancore, an ally
of the British, who soon after formed an alliance with
the Mahrattas and took the fort of Bangalore, (1791.)
The forces of General Abercromby, having joined those
of Lord Cornwallis in 1792, advanced against Seringa-
patam, when Tippoo consented to renounce one-half of
his dominions to the allies, give up two of his sons as
hostages, and pay a sum of more than ^3,000,000. He
nevertheless endeavoured in secret to incite the native
princes against the English government, and solicited
aid from France. In 1799 he was besieged in Seringa-
patam by the British forces under General Harris, and
was killed in the assault.

See MICHAUD, " Histoire de 1'Eropire de Mysore," a vols.. 1801 ;
R. MACKENZIE, "Sketch of the War with Tippoo Sultaun," 1793.

Tip'toft, (JOHN,) Earl of Worcester, became lord
deputy of Ireland, and filled other high offices. He
was noted for his patronage of literature and of learned
men, particularly Caxton. He was executed in 1470,
on a charge of maladministration.

Tiraboschi, te-ra-bos'kee, (GlROLAMO,) a learned
Italian Jesuit and bibliographer, born at Bergamo in
1731. He became professor of rhetoric at Milan in
1766, and in 1770 was appointed librarian to the Duke
of M6dena. His principal work, entitled " History of
Italian Literature," ("Storia della Letteratura Italiana,"
13 vols., 1772-83,) enjoys the highest reputation for ac-
curacy and impartiality. Among his other productions
may be named " Historical Memoirs of Modena," and
" Life of Count Fulvio Testi." Died in 1794. An im-
proved edition of his great work was published at Milan,
in 16 vols., (1822-26.)

See A. G. LOMBARDI, "Elogip storico di G. Tiraboschi," 1796;
FABRONI, "Vitz Italorum doctrina excellentium ;" BKLTRAMHLLI,
" Elogio storico del Cavaliere Tiraboschi," 1812: UGONI, "Delia
Letteratura Italiana;" "Nouvelle Biographic Ge"n^rale."

Tiraqueau, te'ri'ko', (ANDRE,) a French jurist, born
at Fontenoy-le-Comte about 1480. While he held the
office of judge he released Rabelais, whom the monk*
had put in prison. Died in 1558.

Ti-re'sl-as (ti-ree'she-as) or Tei-re'sl-as, [Gr. Tp-
oiar; Fr. TIRESIAS, te'ri'ze'as',] a famous soothsayer
of classic mythology, lived at Thebes, and belonged
to the race of Udasus. The poets and mythographers
relate that he was deprived of sight by the gods, be-
cause he divulged some of their secrets, or because he
had seen Minerva bathing, that Jupiter gave him the
gift of prophecy and extended his life to seven genera-
tions, and that he was connected with many important
events in the fabulous history of Greece. He was the
father of Manto.

Tir'ha-kah, [Egyptian, Tahraka,] a great king of
Ethiopia, who appears to have dispossessed Sebichus,
King of Egypt, of his ancestral rights in the Upper Nile
Valley. He afterwards joined Sebichus in a league
against Sennacherib, King of Assyria, and was aided by
Hezekiah, King of Judah. After the miraculous destruc-
tion of Sennacherib's host, Tirhakah conquered Egypt
and put Sebichus to death, (B.C. 692.) Twenty years
later, Esarhaddon vanquished Tirhakah and conquered
Egypt Tirhakah, however, regained the throne, but
was soon expelled again by Assur-bani-pal, (Sardana-
palus.) He soon made head again and reconquered the
country. But in 666 B.C. Tirhakah abandoned Egypt
and retired to the Upper Nile Valley, whence he first
came.

Tlr-I-ba'zus or Ter-I-ba'zus, [Gr. Tipitofor or Ti?p<-
ia&f,] a Persian satrap under Artaxerxes Mnemon, gov-
erned Western Armenia in 401 B.C. He commanded the
Persian fleet which defeated Evagoras of Cyprus in 386
B.C., soon after which he conspired with Darius against
the king. He was killed in a fight with officers who came
to arrest him.

Tlr-I-da'tes [Gr. TypiiaTw ; Fr. TIRIDATE, te're'dSt']
I., King of Armenia, carried on a war against the Romans,
who defeated him at Artaxata, and took his capital,
Tigranocerta. He finally became tributary to Nero,
A. D.)



Hyder Alee, (or Aly,) whom he succeeded on the throne ("j

as k; c as j; g hard: g as/; G, H. K. guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as ,- th as in this. ( J=See Explanations, p. 23.)



TIRIDATES



2324



TISZA



Tiridates HL OF ARMENIA was a son of Chosroes,
whom the King of Persia conquered and dethroned. Tiri-
dates was educated at Rome, and restored to the throne
by Diocletian in 286 A.D. Died about 314 A.D.

Ti'ro, [Fr. TIRON, te'r6N',] (MARCUS TULLIUS,) a
Roman author and scholar, was a favourite freedman and
amanuensis of Cicero. He wrote a life of his famous
patron, and other works. It is supposed that he invented
or improved the art of short-hand writing, and that we
are indebted to him for the collection of Cicero's " Let
ters" and other works.

Tiron. See TIRO.

Tiruvalluvar, tee'roo-vil'oo-vlR', a Tamil (South
Indian) poet, who lived before 900 A.D., but at an uncer-
tain date. He was a pariah by birth, but won the highest
place in Tamil literature by his noble poem " Kural,"
(i.e., " Aphorisms,") in thirteen hundred and thirty beau-
tiful distichs. Many fables are related of this author.

Tirso de Molina. See TELLEZ, (GABRIEL.)

Tiachbein, tish'bin, (HEINRICH WILHELM,) sur-
named THE NEAPOLITAN, born at Haina, in Hesse-Cas-
sel, in 1751. After a residence of six years at Rome,
he settled at Naples, where he was appointed in 1790
director of the Academy of Painting. He excelled in
classical subjects and in delineations of animals. Died
in 1829.

Tiachbein, (JOHANN FRIEDRICH AUGUST,) a relative
of the preceding, born at Maestricht in 1750, rose to
distinction as a portrait-painter. Died in 1812.

TiflChbein, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) THE ELDER, a Ger-
man historical painter, born in Hesse in 1722, became
professor in the Academy of Arts at Cassel. Among
his master-pieces are " The Dying Alcestis," " Electra,"
"Christ on the Mount of Olives," "The Transfigura-
tion," " Resurrection of Christ," and sixteen illustrations
of the life of Telemachus. Died in 1789.

See ENGKLSCHALL, " J. H. Tischbein, als Mensch und Kilnstler,"
'797-

Tiachbein, (JOHANN HEINRICH,) THE YOUNGER, a
painter, a brother of H. W. Tischbein, was born at
Haina in 1742, and died in 1808. His brother, HEIN-
RICH JAKOB, (died 1803,) and his cousin, LUDWIG
PHILIPP, (died iSoS,) attained distinction as painters.

Tischbein, (JOHANN VALENTIN,) a German painter,
brother of J. H. Tischbein the elder, and uncle of H. W.
Tischbein, was court painter at Hildburghausen, where
he died in 1767. He was the father of J. F. A. Tischbein.

The most celebrated members of this gifted family
were H. W. Tischbein and J. H. Tischbein the elder.

Tischendorf, tish'en-doRf', (LoBEGOTT FRIEDRICH
KONSTANTIN,) an eminent German philologist and bibli-
cal critic, born at Lengenfeld in January, 1815. He
studied at Leipsic, and subsequently visited England,
various parts of the continent, Egypt, and Asia Minor.
Having obtained some very valuable manuscripts, he
was appointed, after his return, professor of theology at
Leipsic, (1850.) He published editions of the "Codex
Friderico-Augustanus," (1846,) "Evangelium Palati-
num," (1847,) "Codex Amiatianus," (1850,) " Fragmenta
Sacra Palimpsesta," " Anecdota Sacra et Profana,"
" Monumenta Sacra inedita," (4vols., 1846-60,) "Travels
in the East," (2 vols., 1846,) and "Bibliorum Codex
Sinaiticus," (1862,) which he discovered at Mount Sina
in 1859. He obtained in 1859 a chair of biblical palaeog-
raphy at Leipsic. Died December 7, 1874.

Tl-sic'ra-tea, [Tfioucpar^f,] a distinguished Greek
statuary, flourished about 300 B.C. He is supposed to
have been a pupil of Lysippus. His works are praised
by Pliny.

Tiaio or Tiai, (BENVENUTO.) See GAROFALO.

Ti-aiph'o-ne, the "Avenger of Murder,"
from TIU, to "estimate," to "judge," and, hence, to
" punish" or " avenge," and fovof, " murder,"] in Greek
mythology, the name of one of the three Furies, or
Erinnyes.

Tissapheme. See TISSAPHERNES.

Tis-aa-pher'nes, [Gr. Tiooa^pvw ,- Fr. TISSAPHERNE,
te'sf'fijRn',] a famous Persian general and crafty nego-
tiator, formed an alliance with the Spartans against the
Athenians in 412 B.C. He was an enemy of Cyrus the
Persian prince, and was one of the four generals who



commanded the army of Artaxerxes against Cyrus at
Dunaxa, in 401 B.C. He afterwards married a daughter
of Artaxerxes, and was appointed satrap or viceroy of
he maritime part of Asia Minor, where he was defeated
)y Agesilaus. He was put to death by the King of Per-
sia in 394 B.C.

See XXNOPHON, "Anabasis;" ROLLIN, " Anoent History.

Tissard, te'siR', (FRANgois,) a French scholar, born
at Amboise about 1460, became professor of Greek at
the University of Paris. He published a Hebrew gram-
mar, (1508.) Died in 1508.

Tisserand, tes'ro.N', (FRANgois F*LIX,) a French
astronomer, born January 15, 1845, was educated in the
Ecole Normale. In 1873 he was made professor of
astronomy at Toulouse, and in 1878 he was chosen to
:he Academy of Sciences. He is the author of many
mportant scientific papers. Died October 20, 1896.

Tissier, te'se-4', QEAN BAPTISTE ANGE,) a French
painter, born in~Paris in 1814 ; died in 1876.

Tissot, te'so', (ALEXANDRB PASCAL,) a French jurist,
born in 1782, published several works on public law.
Died in 1823.

Tissot, (CHARLES JOSEPH,) a French archseologist,
born in Paris, August 29, 1828. He held many consular
and diplomatic positions, and attained the rank of min-
ister to Morocco in 1871. In 1876 he was sent to Athena
as minister, in 1880 he was appointed ambassador to
Turkey, and later he was sent to London in a like ca-
pacity. His treatise "De Tritonide Lacu," (1863,) and
the unfinished " Comparative Geography of the Roman
Province of Africa," (vol. i., 1884,) gave him a high repu-
tation. Died at Paris, July 2, 1884.

TisBOt, (CLAUDE JOSEPH,) a French litterateur, born
about 1800. He practised law in Paris in early life, and
about 1837 became professor of philosophy at Dijon. He
wrote " Ethics, or the Science of Morals," (1840.) a " His-
tory of Philosophy," (1840,) etc. Died in 1876.

Tissot, (PIERRE FRANCOIS,) a French journalist,
litterateur, and politician, born at Versailles in 1768. He
was elected to the Council of Five Hundred a short time
before the l8th Brumaire, and was afterwards appointed
imperial censor by Napoleon. In 1814 he succeeded
Delille as professor of Latin poetry in the College of
France, and in 1833 became a member of the French
Academy. He translated Virgil's "Bucolics" into
French, and published, among other works, " Historical
Memoirs of Carnot," (1824,) " Studies on Virgil com-



..story _. . .

Lessons and Models of Ancient and Modern French
Literature," (1835.) Died in 1854.

See QufaAKD, " La France Littiraire :" " Nouvelle Biographic
Genirale."

Tisaot, (SIMON ANDR*,) a celebrated Swiss physi-
cian, born at Grancy, in the canton de Vaud, in 1728.
He studied at Geneva and Montpellier, and subsequently
resided at Lausanne, where he soon acquired a very high
reputation. Having filled the chair of medicine in that
place for many years, he became in 1780 professor of
clinical medicine at Pavia. He published a number of
works, which are highly esteemed and have been widely
circulated. Among these may be named his " Advice
to People respecting Health," (" Avis au Peuple sur sa
SanteY' 1761,) which was translated into seven languages,
" On Diseases caused by Masturbation," ("Tentamen de
Morbis ex Manustupratione Ortis,") and " On the Health
of Literary Men," (" De Valetudine Literatorum," 1766.)
Died in 1797. His son CLEMENT JOSEPH, born in 1750,
was the author of several medical treatises.



Tis

M'dicale

for July, 1765.

Tisza, tee'soh, (KALMAN,) also called KOLOMAN VON
Tiaza, and TISZA DE BOROSJENO, a Hungarian statesman,
born at Geszt, December 16, 1830. He succeeded Teleki
as leader of the left centre in the Hungarian Diet in
1861, and in 1875 became minister of the interior and
president of the Hungarian ministry, retaining that
position for many years. Died in 1898.



a, e, I, o, 5, y, long; a, t, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, |, 9, obscure; far, fill, fit; mSt; not; good; moon:



TITAN



23*5



TITUS



TTtan, [Gr. TITOV,] plural Titans, [Gr. TH-OVCC ; Lat.
TITA'NES,] the name of mythical beings said to be the
offspring of Uranus and Ge, (or Coelus and Terra.) There
were six sons, Oceanus, Cceus, Crius, Hyperion, lapetus,
and Cronus, and six daughters, Theia, Rheia, Themis,
Mnemosyne, Phoebe, and Tethys. According to the
fable, the Titans rebelled against their father, who was
deposed and was succeeded by Cronus, (Saturn.) After
the accession of Jupiter to the sovereignty, occurred the
celebrated war of the Titans against the Olympian gods,
(called the "Titanomachia,") which lasted ten years.
The Titans were finally defeated and hurled down to
Tartarus by the thunderbolts of Jove.

See VIRGIL, "jEneid," book vi. 580.

Titara, te-ta'rl, (LADISLAU DOS SANTOS,) a Brazil-
ian author, born at Feira de Capuam, May 24, 1801.
His name was originally LADISLAU DO ESPIRITO SANTO
Mello. He entered the army of independence in 1822,
and afterwards served in the regular army. He published
eight volumes of poems, a " History of the Grand Lib-
erating Army," "The Brazilian Auditor," (2 vols.,) etc.
Died at Rio de Janeiro in 1861.

Tite-Live, the French for LIVY, (which see.)

TIte, (WILLIAM,) an English architect, born in Lon-
don about 1802. His principal work is the Royal Ex-
change of London, completed in 1844. He was elected
to Parliament for Bath in 1854, and re-elected in 1857.
He is a Fellow of the Royal Society, and was president
of the Institute of British Architects. Died in 1873.

Tithon. See TITHONUS.

Tl-tho'nus, [Gr. Ttfuxof; Fr. TITHON, te't6N',] a
mythical personage, a son of Laomedon, was beloved by
Aurora, (Eos.) The poets feigned that she obtained for
him the privilege of immortality, but not eternal youth,
and that he became a decrepit old man. He was the
reputed father of Memnon.

Titi, di, de tee'tee, (SANTi,) an Italian artist, born in
Tuscany in 1538, was distinguished both as a painter
and architect. Died in 1603.

Titi, di, (TlBERio,) a painter, born at Florence in
1578, was a son of the preceding. Died in 1637.

Titian, tish'g-an, [It. TiziAtfo, t6t-se-a'no; Fr. LK
TITIEN, leh te'se'aN'; Ger. TIZIAN, tit-se-an',] or, more
fully, Tiziano Vecellio, (vi-chel'le-o,) the greatest
painter of the Venetian school, was born at Capo del
Cadore, in Venetia, in 1477. He studied for a short
time with Sebastiano Zuccati, and afterwards became
a pupil of Giovanni Bellini. He was intimate with
Giorgione, his fellow-pupil, to whose example or influ-
ence some critics ascribe the fact that Titian acquired
a bolder and more vigorous style than that of Bellini
and other Venetian painters. In 1512 he was em-
ployed by the Venetian government to paint the hall
of the grand council, in which he represented the
" Homage of Frederick Barbarossa to the Pope."
About 1514 he was invited to Ferrara by Alphonso I.,
for whom he painted a beautiful oil-picture of " Bacchus
and Ariadne," and another of a " Pharisee showing
Tribute-Money to Christ," (now at Dresden.) At Fer-
rara he formed a friendship with the poet Ariosto, whose
portrait he painted. Having returned to Venice, he
painted in 1516 a celebrated picture of the " Assumption
of the Virgin," which is one of his best works, and is
now in the Academy of Venice. He married about
1524, and had several children. He produced about
1528 an admirable picture of "The Death of Saint
Peter." "Titian's power," says Ruskin, "culminates
in the ' Assumption,' the ' Peter Martyr,' and the ' Pre-
sentation of the Virgin.' " About 1530 he was invited
to Bologna by Charles V., and painted a portrait of that
emperor, whom (according to some accounts) he accom-
panied to Spain in 1533. He visited Rome in 1545,
painted an excellent portrait of Paul III., and returned
to Venice in 1546. Titian received the title of Count-
Palatine from Charles V. He painted for Philip II. of
Spain a number of works, among which are "The Last
Supper" and a " Sleeping Venus." His subjects were
mostly religious. As a portrait-painter he has never
been surpassed. In the opinion of many critics, he was
the greatest colorist that ever lived. He also excelled
in landscape. " All landscape grandeur," says Ruskin,



" vanishes before that of Titian and Tintoret ; and this
is true of whatever these two giants touched. . . . The
religion of Titian is like that of Shakspeare, occult
behind his magnificent equity. . . . The Venetian mind,
and Titian's especially, as the central type of it, was
wholly realist, universal, and manly." ("Modern Paint-
ers.") He refused the invitations of several sovereigns
who wished to attract him to their courts, and preferred
to reside at Venice. Among his intimate friends were
Pietro Aretino, and Sansovino the architect. He con-
tinued to paint until he was ninety-eight years old ; but
his last works are not equal to those of his prime. He
died at Venice in August, 1576.

See VASABI, " Lives of the Painters ;" RIDOLFI, " Piltori Ve-
neti:" LANZI, "History of Painting in Italy;" Tlcozzi, "Vite del
Pittori Vecelli," 1817; NORTHCOTB, "Life of Titian,*' 2 vols., 1830.
a notice of Titian, by CADOKIN, in Italian, 1833; MRS. JAMKSOM,
"Memoirs of Early Italian Painters;" ZONDADKLLA, "Elogio di
Tiziano Vecellio," 1802.

Titien, Le. See TITIAN.

Titiua, tit'se-us, (GOTTLIEB GERHARD,) a German
jurist, born at Nordhausen in 1661, wrote on the public
law of Germany. Died in 1714.

Titmarsh. See THACKERAY.

Titon du Tillet, te'tdN' du te'vi', (EVERARD,) a
French littiroitur, born in Paris in 1677. He served in
the army, and became commissary of war. He projected
or designed a monument to Louis XIV. and the great
men of his reign. This monument, which he called the
French Parnassus, represented a mountain, on the sum-
mit of which Louis XIV. sat in the form of Apollo. He
could not raise the funds requisite to execute it on a
grand scale, but he published a " Description of the
French Parnassus," ("Description du Parnasse Fran-
9ais," 1727.) Died in 1762.

Titsingh, tit'sino, (ISAAC,) a Dutch diplomatist and
writer, born at Amsterdam in 1740. Having entered
the East Indian service, he was sent as supercargo to
Japan in 1778. He was appointed in 1794, by the Ba-


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 351 of 425)