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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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a " History of France in the Sixteenth Century," and a
historical romance, entitled "The Duke of Athens,"
(1837.) Died May I, 1874.

Tommasi, tom'-ml'see, (GIUSEPPE MARIA,) a learned
Italian cardinal, born in Sicily in 1649, was the authoi
of a number of valuable works illustrating ecclesiastical
history and antiquities and the ceremonies of the Roman
Church. Died in 1713.

See BgiNiNi, "Vita del Cardinmle Tommaii," 1719; UGKXI LI,
"Italia Sacra."

Tommasini See TOMASINI.

Tommaso, the Italian of THOMAS, which see.

Tommaso d'Aquino. See AQUINAS, (THOMAS.)

Tomomi Iwakura, to-mo'mee ee-wj-koo'ri, 01
Iwakura Tomomi, a Japanese statesman, born at
Kioto, of a noble family, in 1825. He was a principal
leader in the revolution of 1868, in which the sbogunate
was overthrown. He became foreign minister in 1871,
TWS chief ambassador to the United States and the
European powers, 1871-73, and was afterwards junior
prime minister. Died at Tokio, July 20, 1883.

Tomori, to'mo-re, [Fr. TOMORBE, to'mo'r4',j (PAUL,)
a Hungarian prelate and general. He commanded the
army of Lewis II. against the Turks, and was killed at
the battle of Mohacs, in 1526.

Tomp'kins, (DANIEL D.,) an American statesman,
born in Westchester county, New York, in 1774. He
represented the city of New York in Congress in 1804,
was elected Governor of the State in 1807, continuing
in that office till 1817, when he was chosen Vice-Presi-
dent of the United States. He was re-elected Vice-
President in 1820. While Governor of New York, he
was instrumental in having slavery abolished in that
State, and gave an efficient support to the war waged
against England. Died in New York in June, 1825.

Tom'^-ris [Gr. Toinipf] was Queen of the Massa-
getae (Scythians) when Cyrus the Great invaded Scythia.
According to Herodotus, she defeated him in battle in
529 B.C.

Tondi, ton'dee, (MATTEO,) an Italian mineralogist
and geologist, born at San Severo in 1762, published
several works. Died about 1837.

Toudu. See LEBRUN, (PIERRE HENRI MARIE.)

Tone, (THEOBALD WOLFE,) an Irish politician and
revolutionist, born at Dublin in 1763, was the founder
of the Society of United Irishmen. In 1796 he applied



S, e, i, 6, u, y, long; i, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, i, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fit; met; not; good; moon;












COUNT TO I - I "I



TONNA



2329



TOPELIUS



to the French Directory to send an expedition against
England, which soon after set sail, commanded by Gene-
ral Hoche. This fleet having been scattered by a hurri-
cane, Tone made another attempt with a small armament,
but he was taken prisoner in an engagement with the
English, tried, and condemned to death. He committed
suicide in prison, (1798.)

Ton'na, (CHARLOTTE E. BROWN,) an English author-
ess, known under the nom de plume of CHARLOTTE
ELIZABETH, was born in Norwich in 1792. She was
married about 1840 to a Mr. Tonna, who was her second
husband. She wrote numerous works, among which
are "Judah's Lion," "Judasa Capta," "Personal Recol-
lections," (1841,) "Chapters on Flowers," and "Princi-
palities and Powers." Died in London in 1846.

Tonnele, ton'14', (Louis NICOLAS ALFRED,) a French
litterateur and poet, born at Tours in 1831 ; died in 1858.

Ton'spn, (JACOB,) an English publisher, born in
London about 1656. He published the works of Dryden
and other eminent authors. In several letters to Tonson,
Dryden complains that he (Tonson) sent him brass shil-
lings and clipped coins. Died in 1736.

Tonstall, pronounced and sometimes written Tun'-
Btall, (CUTHBERT,) a learned English prelate and states-
man, born in Yorkshire about 1475. He finished his
studies at Padua, and in 1516 was sent on a mission to
the King of Spain, afterwards the emperor Charles V.
He became Bishop of London in 1522, in the following
year was made lord privy seal, and in 1530 Bishop of
Durham. Under the reign of Edward VI. he was
deprived of his office and imprisoned in the Tower on a
charge of favouring an insurrection. On the accession of
Mary he was restored to his bishopric, (1553,) but, having
refused to take the oath of supremacy after Elizabeth
was proclaimed queen, he was again deprived. He died
in 1559, leaving several theological and scientific works,
which were highly esteemed in his time. He was con-
spicuous for his humanity and moderation in that age of
intolerance, and permitted no burning of heretics in his
diocese.

See WOOD, " Athena: Oxonientes ;" " Biographia Britannia."

Tonti, ton'tee, (LORENZO,) an Italian banker, who
settled in France, and originated Tontines, or loans
raised on life-annuities, about 1653.

His son served under La Salle, who, in 1680, ordered
him to build a fort on the Illinois River. He afterwards
descended the Mississippi in search of La Salle. Died
after 1700.

Tooke, took, (ANDREW,) an English writer and
teacher, born in London in 1673. He was master of
the Charter-House School, and published a "Synopsis
of the Greek Language," ("Synopsis Graecae Linguae.")
Dier* in 1731.

Tooke, (JOHN HORNE,) a celebrated English philolo-
gist and politician, born in London in June, 1736, was a
son of John Home. He studied at Cambridge, where
he took his degree as B.A. in 1758, and, to please his
father, was ordained a priest ; but he preferred the pro-
fession of the law. He became an active politician, an
opponent of the ministry, and a friend of John Wilkes.
Having been adopted by William Tooke, of Purley, as
his heir, he assumed the name of Tooke. He studied
law, and applied about 1779 for admission to the bar,
but was rejected because he had been a priest. Before
this event he had been fined 200 and imprisoned one
year for libel. His offence consisted in saying that cer-
tain Americans were " murdered" by the king's troops
at Lexington. His reputation is founded chiefly on his
"'Ewra irrcpocvra; or, Diversions of Purley," (1786,)
which treats of language, and displays much acuteness
and originality of thought and presents many good
ideas. He was tried in 1794 on a charge of treason,
made an able speech in his own defence, and was
acquitted. In 1801 he was returned to Parliament for
Old Sarum. Died in 1812. He was distinguished for
his conversational powers.

See W. HAMILTON, "Life of J. Home Tooke;" "Memoirs of
John Home Tooke," by J. A. GRAHAM, 1828: "Life of I. Home
Tooke," by ALEXANDER STEPHEN, 1813 ; " Blackwood's Magaiine"
for August, 1833, and April, 1840; " Monthly Review" for January.
1787, and December, 1806.



Tooke, (THOMAS,) a son of Rev. William, noticed
belov, published in 1838 a " History of Prices and of
the State of the Circulation from 1793 to 1837," etc., in
2 vols., to which were subsequently added four more
volumes. Died in 1858.

Tooke, (Rev. WILLIAM,) an English divine, born at
Islington in 1744, became minister of the English church
at Cronstadt. He was appointed in 1774 chaplam to
the factory of the Russia Company at Saint Petersburg.
He published a "Life of Catherine II.," (3 vols., 1797,)
" History of Russia from the Foundation of the Empire
to the Accession of Catherine II.," " Varieties of Lite-
rature," and other worksi and translated Zollikofer's
" Sermons" from the German. Died in 1820.

Tooke, (WILLIAM,) F.R.S., younger son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Saint Petersburg in 1777. He wan
one of the founders of the Society for the Diffusion of
Useful Knowledge. He edited the poetical works of
Churchill, and published "The Monarchy of France:
its Rise, Progress, and Fall," (1855.) Died in 1863.

Toole, tool, (JOHN LAWRENCE,) an English comedian,
born in London, March 12, 1830. He went upon the
London stage in 1852, and soon won recognition as an
actor of great and versatile powers. Since 1880 he has
been a highly-successful theatrical manager.

Tooloon or Tulflri, too'lOon', or, more tully, Ahmed
Ibn Tooloon, aH'med Ib'n too'lobn', the founder of
the dynasty of Tooloonites, was born in 835. He had
been made Governor of Egypt in 873, and ruled the
country with great ability, when an attempt was made
to dispossess him ; on which he raised an army, defeated
the troops sent against him by the Caliph of Bagdad,
and declared himself independent. He died about 883.
The dynasty which he founded lasted till 905, when the
caliph Al-Mooktafee reduced Egypt and put to death
the last of the Tooloonite princes.

ToombS, (ROBERT,) an American politician, born in
Wilkes county, Georgia, in 1810. He was elected to
the United States Senate in 1853, and was re-elected
in 1859. He was a leader of the secession party in
Georgia, and resigned his seat in the Senate when that
State withdrew from the Union. He was secretary of
state for the Southern Confederacy in 1861, was elected
a Senator about February, 1862, and became a brigadier-
general in the same year. Died December 15, 1885.

Toorgenef, toor'geh-njf or toor'Heh-nef , Turgenef,
or Turgenev, written also Tuigenew, (ALEXANDER
IVANOVITCH,) a Russian historian, born in 1784. Having
visited England and various parts of Europe in search
of documents, he published in 1841 his " Historical
Monuments of Russia," (in Latin.) Died in 1845.

Toorgenef or Turgenieff, (!VAN,) a Russian poet
and novelist of high reputation, was born at Orel in 1818.
He began his literary career in 1842 with a poem, " Pa-
rascha," but his first important work was " The Memoirs
of a Sportsman," (1852,) a collection of sketches de-
scribing the evils of serfdom. He also wrote numerous
short stories, poems, and dramatic sketches, besides the
following novels, which constitute his highest title to
fame: " Dimitri Roudine," (1854,) "A Nest of Noble-
men," (called " Liza" in the American translation, 1859,)
"On the Eve, or Helene," (1860,) "Fathers and Sons,"
(1862,) "Smoke," (1867,) "Spring Floods," (1872,) and
"Virgin Soil," (1877.) He died September 3, 1883.

Toorgenef, Turgeuef, or Turgenew, (NIKOLAI
IVANOVITCH,) a brother of the preceding, was born in
1790. He was an earnest advocate of the abolition of
serfdom, and, having been connected with the secret soci-
eties which favoured that reform, he was, in 1825, con-
demned to death during his absence on his travels. He
took up his residence in Paris, where he published " La
Russie et les Russes," (1847.) Died in 1871.

Topal-OsruHc, to'pil os-min', an able Turkish gen-
eral and statesman. He became grand vizier in 1731, and
defeated Nadir Shah on the Tigris in July, 1733. Hr
was killed in battle by the Persians in the same year.

Topelius,to-pa'le-o6s, (ZACHARIAS,) a Finnish author,
of Swedish descent and language, was born at Kuddnas,
Finland, January 14, 1818. He was (1854-78) professor
of Russian and Scandinavian history in the University
of Helsingfors. He wrote a series of novels illustrating



as k; g as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this. (Jiy See Explanations, p. 2V



TO PETE



2 33



TORNBER G



Swedish and Finnish history, besides some collections
of poems and " Tales for Children," which are full of
patriotic and religious feeling. Died March 13, 1898.

Topete, to-pa'ti, (JUAN,) a Spanish admiral, born in
1821. Rejoined in the insurrection against Isabella in
September, 1868, and was minister of the marine in
1868, 1870, and 1874.

Topfer or Toepfer, top'fer, (KARL,) a German drama-
tist, born at Berlin in 1792, published several popular
comedies, among which we may name "The King's Com-
mand" and " Hermann and Dorothea." Died in 1871.

Topffer or Toepffer, top'fer, (RUDOLPH,) a Gene-
vese artist and writer of rare genius, was born in 1799.
Among his first publications was his "Voyages en
Zigzag," a series of humorous sketches, which attracted
general admiration. These were followed by the " Pres-
bytere," (1839,) "Genevese Tales," ("Nouvelles Gene-
vbises," 1841,) and "Rosa et Gertrude," (1845,) all of
which were received with great favour. His other prin-
cipal works are the comic sketches entitled " M. Vieux-
Bois" and " Reflections on Art." The former appeared
in the United States in 1842, under the title of " Adven-
tures of Mr. Obadiah Oldbuck," etc. Died in 1846.



November, 1865.

Topino-Lebrun, to'pe'no' leh-bruN', (FRANCOIS
JEAN BAPTISTS,) a French painter, born at Marseilles
in 1769, was a republican and a friend of Ceracchi the
sculptor. He was accused of conspiring with Ceracchi
against the life of Bonaparte, and was executed in 1801,
although his guilt was not proved.

Top'la-dy, (AUGUSTUS MONTAGUE,) an English Cal-
vinistic divine, born in Surrey in 1740. He studied at
Trinity College, Dublin, and became vicar of Broad
Henbury, Devonshire. He was the author of several
controversial works, and of a number of beautiful and
popular hymns. Died in 1778.

Toppi, top'pee, (NICCOL6,) an Italian compiler, born
at Chieta about 1603, published a work on the history
nf Neapolitan literature, (1678.) Died in 1681.
Toranus or Toranius. See RUFINUS.
Torbido, toR'be-do, or Turbido, tooR'be-do, (FRAN-
CESCO,) called IL MORO, a skilful Italian painter, born
at Verona about 1500. He painted frescos and portraits.
Died about 1581.

Tor'bert, (ALFRED T.,) an American general, born
in Delaware, graduated at West Point in 1855. He
served as an officer at the battle of Antietam, Sep-
tember 17, 1862, and at Gettysburg, July 2-3, 1863, and
commanded a division of the army of General Sheridan
at Opequan Creek, September 19, and Cedar Creek,
Octooer 19, 1864. At the end of 1864 he was chief of
cavalry in the Middle military division. He resigned in
October, 1866. Drowned at sea, August 28, 1880.
Torcy. See COLBERT, (JEAN BAPTISTE.)
Tordenskjold or Tordenskiold, toR'den-ske-old',
(PETER,) a celebrated admiral in the Danish service,
born at Drontheim, in Norway, in 1691, was originally
named WESSEL. As commander of a privateer in the
war with Sweden, he captured numerous merchant-
vessels, and was made lieutenant in 1712. He obtained
the rank of commodore in 1715 for his services in de-
stroying a number of Swedish ships on the coast of
Norway. In 1716 he won a signal victory over the
Swedes, under Admiral Wachtmeister, for which the
king bestowed upon him a gold medal. He was soon
after ennobled by Frederick IV., with the name of Tor-
denskiold, ("Shield against Thunder,") and in 1717
captured the fortified town of Marstrand. After the
peace of Fredericksberg he visited Germany, and was
killed in a duel at Hanover, (1720 or 1721.

See ROTHE, "Tordenskjold's Liv og Levnet," 3 vols., 1747-50;
THARUP, "P. Tordenskjold's Liv og Levnet." 1838; BOHR. "P.
Tordenskjold," etc., 1838; " Nouvelle Biographic GdneVale."

Tordesillas. See HERRERA Y TORDESILLAS.

Torelli, to-rel'lee, (GIUSEPPE,) an eminent Italian
cholar and mathematician, born at Verona in 1721. He
studied at Padua, where he became thoroughly versed
in the ancient languages. He subsequently prepared
an edition of all the works of Archimedes, (both in



Greek and Latin,) which was published in 1792. He also
translated ^Esop's "Fables" into Latin. Died in 1781.

See SIBILIATO, " De Vita J. Torelli Commentarius, " 1782.

Torelli, [Lat. TAURE'LIUS,] (LELIO,) an Italian jurist
and statesman, born at Fano in 1489, settled at Florence
about 1528, and became podesta of that city. He wai
appointed chancellor and chief secretary to Cosimo de'
Medici about 1546. He published an excellent edition
of the important Florentine manuscripts of the Pandects,
13 vols. fol., :553.) Died in 1576.

See MANNI, " Vita di L. Torelli," 177*

Torelli, (PoMPONio,) Count of Monte-Chiarugola,
an Italian poet, born at Parma in 1539. He wrote
tragedies, etc. Died in 1608.

Toreno, to-rin'yo, (Don JosS MARIA QUEYPO DH
LLANO Ruiz DE SARAVIA,) a Spanish statesman and
Historian, born at Oviedo in 1786. He took an active
part in the insurrection against the French in 1808, and
n 1810 was chosen a member of the Cortes. After the
return of Ferdinand VII., in 1814, he left Spain, and
resided many years in France, England, and Germany.
On the death of Ferdinand he returned to Madrid, and
was appointed minister of finance in 1834, and in 1835
succeeded Martinez de la Rosa as minister of foreign
affairs and president of the council. He was compelled,
on account of his moderate policy, to resign the same
year ; and he lived subsequently in Paris and London.
He was the author of a " History of the Insurrection,
War, and Revolution of Spain," (5 vols., 1835.) Died
in 1843.

See L. DE LoMiNlE, "M. Toreno, par un Horame de Rien,"
1844; "Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Torenvhit, to'ren-vit', (JACOB,) a Dutch painter,
born at Leyden in 1631. His works are chiefly his-
torical pieces and portraits. Died in 1719-

Torfaeus. See TORFAUS.

Torfaus, TorfcBus, tor-fa'us, or Tor'fes-en, [Fr.
TORFEE, toR'fi',] (THORMODR,) an Icelandic scholar and
antiquary, born in 1740. He studied at Copenhagen,
and in 1682 became royal historiographer. He was
the author of a " History of Norway," (in Latin, 4 vols.,
1711,) "History of the Orkney Islands," (" Historia
Rerum Orcadensium," 1715,) "Series Dynastarum et
Regum Dania," etc., and other works on Scandinavian
history. His Latin style is remarkable for its elegance,
and his writings exhibit great learning and research.
Died in 1719.

See J. ERICHSEN, "T. Torfesens Levnetsbeskrivelse," 1788.

Torfee. See TORFAUS.

Torfesen. See TORFAUS.

Toribio, to-ree'Be-o, (ALFONSO Mongrovejo mon-
gRo-va'Ho,) a Spanish prelate, born near Valladolid in
1538. He became Archbishop of Lima in 1580. Died
in 1606.

See PINELO, " Vida de Don Toribio," 1653.

Toribio de Benavente, to-re'se-o di Ba-nl-v-fn'ta,
a Spanish missionary of the sixteenth century, resided
many years in Mexico, and was guardian of a convent at
Tezcuco. He wrote a history of New Spain, which is
still in manuscript.

See PRBSCOTT, " History of the Conquest of Mexico," voL ii.
book iii.

TorinuB, to-ree'nns, (ALBANUS,) a Swiss physician,
originally named ALBAN THORER, born in the canton of
Zurich in 1489, became professor of practical medicine
at Bale. He translated a number of Greek medical
works into Latin, and published editions of several Latin
treatises on medicine. Died in 1550.

Torlonia, toR-lo'ne-a, (ALESSANDRO,) Duke of Cesi
and Marquis of Roma-Vecchia, an opulent Italian banker,
was born in 1800. He expended his fortune liberally
in works of art and fine buildings, and spent over
$6,000,000 in draining Lake Fucino. Died in 1886.

Torlonia, (GIOVANNI,) a distinguished Italian banker,
born in 1754, in indigent circumstances, was the father
of the preceding. He acquired a large fortune by his
enterprise and financial talent, and was ennobled, with
the title of Duke of Bracciano. Died in 1829.

Tornberg, tonn'beRg, (CARL JOHAN,) a Swedish Ori-
entalist, born at Linkoping in 1807, became professor of
Oriental languages at Lund about 1844. He wrote much
on Arabic literature and antiquities. Died Sept. 6, 1877.



a. e, I, 5, u, y, long ; a. e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, 6, u, y, short; a, e, j, >, obscure; far fall, fit; me 1 1; not; good; moon;



TORNIELLI



2331



TORRIGIANO



Tornielli, toR-ne-el'lee, (AcosriNO,) an Italian histo-
rian, born near Novara in 1543. He published "Annals,
Sacred and Profane, from the Creation to the Time of
Christ," (" Annales sacri et profani," etc., 2 vols., 1610.)
Died in 1622.

Tor'ppr-ley, (NATHANIEL,) an English mathema-
tician and divine, born about 1570, was amanuensis to
Francis Vieta. He published a treatise on spherical
trigonometry, and other works. Died in 1632.

Torquatua. See MANLIUS.

Torquemada, toR-ki-ma'Da, a Spanish monk of the
sixteenth century, was the author of a history of Mexico,
entitled " Monarchia Indiana," published at Seville in
1615 and at Madrid in 1723.

See PRKSCOTT, " History of the Conquest of Mexico," vol. i.
6ook i.

Torquemada, [Lat TURRECREMA'TA,] (JUAN,) a
Spanish theologian, born at Valladolid in 1388. He
became a cardinal in 1439, and wrote several works.
Died in 1468.

Torquemada, de,da toR-ka-ma'na, (ToMAS,) a Span-
ish Dominican monk, infamous for his cruelty, was born
in 1420. He was made first Inquisitor-General in 1483,
and he is said in sixteen years to have condemned
ninety thousand persons to perpetual imprisonment,
and more than eight thousand to be burned. Died in
1498.

See PRKSCOTT, " History of Ferdinand and Isabella," vol. i. part
'. : LLORKNTK, " Histoire de 1'Inquisition d'Espagne:" MARIAN*,
" Historia de Espana ;" " Nouvelle Biographic GeneVale."

Torre, tor'ri, (FLAMINIO,) an Italian painter and en-
graver, born at Bologna in 1621, was a pupil of Guido
Reni. Died in 1661.

Torre, del, del tor'ri, (FlLlPPO,) a learned Italian
antiquary, born in Friuli in 1657, was made Bishop of
Adria by Pope Clement XI. He was the author of
several antiquarian works, the most important of which
is entitled "Monuments of Ancient Antium," ("Monu-
menta veteris Antii.") Died in 1717.

See FACCIOLATI, "Vita di P. Turn," 1719; NICRRON, "Me'-
moires."

Torre, della, del'la tor'rk, (FILOMARINO,) DUKE, an
Italian nobleman, noted for his scientific attainments,
was born in Naples. Having been unjustly charged
with favouring the designs of the French, he fell a
victim to the fury of the Neapolitan mob, which, after
destroying his property, killed him, together with his
brother, (1799.)

Torre, della, (GIOVANNI MARIA,) an Italian savant,
born at Rome about 1712, became professor of philoso-
phy and mathematics at Venice and other Italian cities.
He published a " Course of Physics," (Latin and Italian,)
"T>= History and Phenomena of Vesuvius Explained,"
(1755,) and other scientific works. He also made great
improvements in the microscope. He was a correspond-
ing member of the Royal Society of London and of
other learned institutions. Died in 1782.

Torre, della, (JACOPO,) or Jacopo da Forli, an
Italian medical writer, born at Forll ; died in 1414.

Torremuzza, de, da toR-ri-moot'sS, (GABRIEL Lan-
cillotto Castello lan-chel-lot'to kas-tel'lo,) PRINCE,
an Italian numismatist, born at Palermo in 1727. He
published several antiquarian treatises. Died in 1792.

Tor'rens, (Sir HENRY,) a distinguished Irish officer,
born at Londonderry in 1779. Having previously served
in the West Indies and Holland, he accompanied Sir
Arthur Wellesley to Portugal as his secretary. He
was made adjutant-general in 1820. Died August 23,
1828.

Torrens, (ROBERT,) F.R.S., M.P., an economist
and writer, born in Ireland in 1780. He supported the
Reform bill of 1831, and wrote several works on trade
and political economy. Died in 1864.

Torrens, (WILLIAM TORRENS MACCULLAGH,) an Irish
author, Dorn near Dublin in 1813. He graduated at
Trinity College, Dublin, in 1834, was called to the
bar in 1836, entered Parliament in 1865, and became
widely known as an advanced Liberal. He published
" Lectures on the Study of History," " Life of R. L.
ShieJ," " Life of Sir J. Graham," " Industrial History of



Free Nations," " Empire in Asia, How we Came by It,"
"Memoirs of William, Second Viscount Melbourne,"
etc. Died April 26, 1894.

TorrentinuB, tor-ren-tee'nus, a German grammarian,
whose proper name was HERMANN VON BEEK, was born
at Zwolle about 1450. He wrote " Elucidarius Carminum
et Historiarutn." (1510.) Died about 1520.

Tor-ren'tl-us, QAN,) a Dutch painter, born at Am-
sterdam in 1589; died in 1640.

Tor-ren'tl-us, (L^EVINUS,) a Flemish scholar and
prelate, originally named VAN DER BEKEN, was born at
Ghent in 1 525. He became Bishop of Antwerp, and sub-
sequently was appointed Archbishop of Mechlin, (1595.)
He died the same year. He was the author of Latin
poems of great elegance, and commentaries on several
Latin classics, and was distinguished for his knowledge
of Roman antiquities.

Torres, tor'res, (DOMINGOS MAXIMIANO,) a Portu-
guese poet, born about 1750.

See LONGFELLOW, " Poets and Poetry of Europe."

Torres, (Luis DA MOTTA,) a Portuguese admiral,
born at Lisbon in 1769. He was appointed Captain-
General of Angola about 1815. Died in 1822.

Torres-Caicedo, tor'rgs ka-e-sa'do, (Josi MARIE,) a
poet, born at Bogota, United States of Colombia, March
30, 1830. For many years he was employed in the diplo-
matic service, and was, when at home, engaged in jour-
nalism. His works include " Religion, Poetry, and
Love," (poems,) and " Biographical Essays on Eminent
Latin-Americans," (1863.)

Torres, de, da tor'res, (CLEMENTE,) a Spanish
painter, born at Seville in 1665. He is said to have
been one of the best painters of his time. Died in 1730.

Torres Naharro. See NAHARRO.

Tor'rey, (JOHN,) M.D., LL.D., an eminent American


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 353 of 425)