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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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See J. BOUCHBT, " Pane'gyrique du Chevalier sans reproche."
etc., 1527-

Tremolliere, tRa'mole^iR', (PIERRE CHARLES,) a
French painter of history, was born in Anjou in 1703 ; died
n Paris in 1739. He was an artist of fine promise.

Tremouille. See TREMOILLE, DE LA.

Trench, (FRANCIS,) an English writer, a brother of
Archbishop Trench, was born in 1806. He became
rector of Islip. He published "Travels in France and
Spain," and several religious works. Died in 1886.

Trench, (Rev. RICHARD CHENEVIX,) an eminent
English ecclesiastic and philologist, born in 1807. He
studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became
Hulsean lecturer in 1845. He was appointed theological
>rofessor and examiner at King's College, London, in
;847, was created Dean of Westminster in 1856, and
Archbishop of Dublin in 1863. He has published "The
story of Justin Martyr," a poem, (1835,) " Poems from
Eastern Sources," "Genoveva," (1842,) "The Sermon
on the Mount Illustrated from Saint Augustine," (1844,)
'Notes on the Miracles," (1846,) a treatise "On the
Study of Words," (1851,) " Synonyms of the New Tes-
tament," (1854,) "Notes on the Parables," (I2th ed.,
1874,) and " Lectures on Mediaeval History," (1878.) He
resigned the archbishopric in 1884. [Died in 1886.]

See AI.LIBONB, " Dictionary of Authors."

Trench'ard, (Sir JOHN,) an English statesman, born

n Dorsetshire in 1650. He represented Taunton in

Parliament in 1679, and distinguished himself as an

active member of the opposition. He was an advocate

or the Exclusion Bill, and was imprisoned for a time in

683, on a charge of being implicated in the Rye-House

'lot. After the accession of James II. he took refuge

n France, but he returned to England after the Revolu-

ion of 1688, and was appointed secretary of state by

William III., (1693.) Died in 1695.



e as k; 9 as s: g hard; g asj; G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal; R, trilled; s as z; th as in this.

'47



Explanations, p. 23.)



TRENCHARD



2338



TREVOR



Trenchard, (JoHN,) an English journalist and po-
litical writer, born about 1662. He was the author of
"The Natural History of Superstition, f 1 ?^,) A
Comparison of the Proposals of the Bank and South
Sea Company," "Thoughts on the Peerage Bill, and
"Cato's Letters," the last-named in conjunction with
Mr T Gordon, and was associated with that gentleman
as editor of the " Independent Whig." Died m 1723.

Trenck, von der, fon deR tRenk, (FRANZ,) BARON, a
celebrated military commander, born at Reggio, in Cala-
bria, in 1714, was the son of a Prussian officer. At an
early age he entered the Russian service, where he dis-
tinguished himself equally by his reckless courage and
his ferocity. On the breaking out of the Austrian war
of succession, he offered his services to Maria Theresa,
and at the head of his pandours made himself every-
where formidable by his barbarities and rapacity.
was at length imprisoned at Spielberg, in Moravia, where
he died in 1749. His autobiography, called " Remarkable
Life and Deeds of Baron Trenck," appeared in 1807.

See, also, HUBNBR, " Franz von der Trenck," 3 vols., 1788-89.

Trenck, von der, (FRIEDRICH,) BARON, a cousin
of the preceding, was born at Kbnigsberg in 1726. He
entered the Prussian army at an early age, and for a
time enjoyed the favour of Frederick the Great ; but,
having, as is supposed, offended the king by an impru-
dent attachment to his sister the princess Amelia, he
was imprisoned in the fortress of Glatz. Having escaped
from his prison in 1747, he went to Russia, where he
was patronized by the empress and made a captain of
hussars. While on a visit to his family, in 1754, he was
arrested by order of Frederick, confined in a narrow cell
at Magdeburg, and, after several attempts at escape,
loaded with heavy irons. He was released in 1763, but
he was obliged to leave the kingdom. After the death
of Frederick, Baron Trenck published his autobiographic
"Memoirs," (3 vols., 1787,) which acquired great popu-
larity and were translated into the principal European
languages. After residing for a time at Aix-la-Chapelle
and other cities on the continent, he went in 1792 to
Paris, where he joined the Jacobin faction, by whom he
was sentenced to the guillotine in 1794.

See WAHRMAHN, " F. von der Trenck, Leben," etc., 1837
ERICH, " Leben und Schicksale des Abenteurers F. von der Trenck,'
1846 ; " Nouvelle Biographic Gene'rale."

Trendlenburg, tReVdlen-bSoRC', written also Tren-
delenburg, (FRIEDRICH ADOLF,) a German scholar anc
philosophical writer, born at Eutin in 1802, publishec
"Logical Researches," (" Logische Untersuchungen,'
1840,) and other works. He became professor of phi
losophy at Berlin in 1833. Died January 24, 1872.

Treneuil, tReh-nur or tReh-nuh'ye, (JOSEPH,) a
French poet, born at Cahors in 1763. Among his works
is " The Tombs of Saint-Denis," (" Les Tombeaux di
Saint-Denis," 1806.) Died in Paris in 1818.

Tren'hplm, (GEORGE A.,) of South Carolina, an

American financier, was appointed Confederate secretar

f the treasury in June, 1864. Died December 10, 1876

Trenta, tRSn'ta, (FlLiPPO,) an Italian tragic poet, bom

at Ascoli in 1731 ; died in 1795.

Trento, da, dS tRSn'to, (ANTONIO,) an Italian wood
engraver, originally named FANTUZZI, (fan-toot'see,
born at Trent He was a pupil of Parmigiano, severa
of whose works he engraved. Died about 1545.

Trentowski, tRen-tov'skee, (FERDINAND B.,) an
eminent Polish philosopher, born near Warsaw in t8oS
Being compelled to leave his country during the rebellion
of 1830, he repaired to Germany, where he devoted him
self to teaching philosophy. He published, in German
his "Basis of Universal Philosophy," (1837,) "Prelimi
nary Studies to the Science of Nature," (1840,) and
Latin treatise " On the Eternal Life of Man." Amon
his other works, which are written in Polish, we ma
name "The Relation of Philosophy to the Science o
Government," " Education on a System of Pedagogics,
and "Logic." Died June 16, 1869.

Treschow, tRSsh'ov, (NEILS,) a Norwegian scholar
and writer, born at Drammen in 1751. He studied a
Copenhagen, and was appointed in 1803 professor o
philosophy in the university of that city. Among hi
principal works are " Principles of Legislation," " Spin



f Christianity," " Morality for the State and People,
nd "Philosophical Testament," etc. Died in 1833.

Tresham, tr?sh'am, (HENRY,) an Irish artist and
oet, studied at Rome, and was chosen, after his return,
. Royal Academician. He was the author of " The Sea-
Sick Minstrel," and other poems. Died in 1814.

Tressan, de, deh IR^'SON', (Louis ELISABETH de la
Vergne deh It v^Rfi,) COUNT, a French officer ind
ittlrattitr, born at Mons in 1705. He was the author of

"Treatise on Electricity," (1749,) and other original
Forks, and made translations of the " Orlando Furioso,"

Amadis de Gaul," and other works of the kind. He

as elected to the French Academy in 1781, and was a
riend of Voltaire. He served as aide-d, -camp to the

ing at Fontenoy in 1745, and became lieutenant-general
1747. Died in 1783.
See CONDORCBT, "filoees:" VOLTAIRK, " Correspondance :"

Nouvelle Biographic Ge'nerale,"

Tre-vel'yan, (Sir CHARLES EDWARD,) BART., an
:nglish statesman, born in 1807, was educated at the
Jharterhouse and at Haileybury College, and entered
he Indian civil service. He was Governor of Madras,
859-60, finance minister in India, 1862-65, etc. His
hief books are "Education of the People of India,"
'The Irish Crisis," and "Christianity and Hinduism
Contrasted," (1881.) Died June 20, 1886.

Trevelyan, (GEORGE OTTO,) a son of the preceding,
and nephew of Lord Macaulay, was born at Rothley-
Temple, Leicestershire, July 20, 1838. He was edu-
cated at Harrow, and at Trinity College, Cambridge,
and served for many years as a Liberal in Parliament,
n 1882 he became chief secretary to the lord-lieutenant
of Ireland. His principal works are " Life and Letter*
of Lord Macaulay," (1876,) and "Early History of C. J.
Fox," (1880.)
Trevigi See TREVISL
Treville. See LA TOUCHE-TR^VILLE.
Treviranus, tRa-ve-ra'nus, (GOTTFRIED REINHOLD,)
_ German physiologist, born at Bremen in 1776, practised
medicine in that city. He published, besides other
works, " Biology, or the Philosophy of Living Nature,"
etc., (6 vols., 1802-22,) which is highly commended.
Died in 1837.

Treviranus, (LUDOLPH CHRISTIAN,) a botanist, a

Drother of the preceding, was born at Bremen in 1779.

He became professor of botany at Bonn, and published

Physiology of Plants," (1835-39.) Died May 6, 1864.

Treviaani, tRa-ve-sl'nee, (ANGELO,) a Venetian

painter of the eighteenth century, was distinguished for

[he excellence of his portraits.

Trevisani, (FRANCESCO,) an Italian painter, some-
times called ROMAN TREVISANI, was born near Trieste
in 1656. He studied under Zanchi at Venice, and after-
wards visited Rome, where he executed several of his
best works. Among these may be named a "Cruci-
fixion," and " The Slaughter of the Innocents." Died
in 1746.

Trevise, de, Due See MORTIER.
Trevisi, da, dJ tRi-vee'see, or Trevigi, tri-vee'jee,
(GlROLAMO,) an Italian painter and architect, born at
Trevigi about 1500, resided for a time in England,
where he was patronized by Henry VIII. Among his
master-pieces may be named a " Madonna accompanied
by Saints." His portraits also are highly esteemed.
Died in 1544.

Treviso, (tRa-vee'so,) DUKE OF. See MORTIER.
Trevl-thick, (RICHARD,) an English engineer, born
in Cornwall in 1771, was one of the inventors of high-
pressure steam-engines. He obtained in 1802 a patent
for a stearn-carriige to run on common roads. In 1804
he constructed a locomotive for railways. Died in 1833.
See WILLIAM WALKER, "Memoirs of the Distinguished Meu
of Science of Great Britain," etc., London, 1864; "All the Year
Round" for August, 1860.

Tre'vor, (GEORGE,) D.D., an English divine, born at
Bridgewater, January 30, 1809. He graduated at Mag-
dalen Hall, Oxford, in 1836, was a chaplain in India,
1836-45, and in 1847 became a canon of York. He
occupies an influential place as a " High-Church" author
and preacher. Among his works are "Christ and His
Passion," (1847,) "India, an Historical Sketch," (1858,)
"Russia, Ancient and Modern," (1862,) "Types and



i, e, I, o, u, y, long: a, k, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, I, o, u, y~, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fall, fat; met; n8t; good; moon;



TREVOR



2 339



TRIMURTI



E



the Anti-Type," (1864,) "The Catholic Doctrine of the
Sacrifice," (1869,) etc. Died in 1888.

Tre'vor, (Sir JOHN,) an able English statesman, born
in 1626, was a son-in-law of the illustrious Hamp-
den. Early in 1668 he was sent as an envoy to France,
and negotiated the provisional treaty of April 15, 1668.
He was appointed secretary of state in September of
that year. Having opposed without success the foreign
iolicy which Charles II. and the Duke of York adopted,

16 was turned out of the cabinet in 1670 ; but he coo
tinued to be secretary until his death, in 1672.

Trevor, (Sir JOHN,) an English lawyer, born in 1633,
was a cousin and parasite of the infamous Judge Jef-
freys. In the reign of Charles II. he was solicitor-
general. He became master of the rolls, and Speaker of
the House of Commons, in 1685. He was made a privy
councillor in 1688, and was subsequently appointed first
commissioner of the great seal. Having been convicted
of bribery, he was expelled from the Speakership in 1695,
but was allowed to retain the mastership of the rolls.
Died in 1717.

Trevor, (THOMAS,) LORD, an eminent English lawyer,
was a son of Sir John Trevor, (1626-72,) and a grandson
of John Hampden. He was appointed chief justice of
the common pleas in 1701, was raised to the peerage, as
Lord Trevor, in 1711, and became lord privy seal in
1726. He was appointed president of the council in
1730, and died the same year, leaving a son, who about
1766 received the title of Viscount Hampden.

Trew, tRa, (CHRisjOPH JAKOB,) a celebrated German
botanist and anatomist, born near Nuremberg in 1695.
He studied medicine, and became physician-in-ordinary
to the Margrave of Anspach. In 1746 he was made
president of the " Academic des Curieux de la Nature,"
with the titles of Count-Palatine and physician to the
emperor. He published " Plantae Selectje," etc, (1570-
73,) a magnificent publication, illustrated by Ehret, and
"History and Botanical Character of the Cedars of
Lebanon," (" Cedrorum Libani Historia et Character
Botanicus," etc., 2 vols., 1757-67;) also " Osteological
Plates of the Human Body," ("Tabulae Osteologies
Corporis Humani," 1767, with coloured plates,) and
other anatomical works. Died in 1769.

See RUMPEL, "Monuraentum Trewio positum," 1769.

Trezel, tRa'zSl', (CAMILLE ALPHONSE,) a French
general, born in Paris in 1780; died in 1860.

Trezel, (PIERRE FELIX,) a French painter of history
and allegory, born in Paris in 1782; died in 1855.

Trianon, tRe'i'ndN', (HENRI,) a French litterateur
and critic, born about 1810. He wrote critiques for the
"Artiste" and other periodicals, and published editions
of Homer's Poems.

Tribolo, di, de tRee'bo-lo, (Niccoi.6,) an eminent
Italian sculptor, whose family name was PERICOLI, was
born at Florence in 1500, or, as some say, 1485. He
was a pupil of Sansovino, and was patronized by Pope
Clement VII., who employed him to assist Michael
Angelo in sculptures for the chapel of San Lorenzo at
Florence. Among his works are a statue of Nature, at
Fontainebleau, and bas-reliefs, representing the mar-
riage of the Virgin, at Loretto. In the latter part of his
life he was employed by Cosimo de' Medici to adorn
with statues and fountains the gardens of the Pitti palace.
Died in 1550.

See VASARZ, " Lives of the Painters and Sculptors ;" CICOCNARA,
"Storia della Soiltura."

Trf-bo'nl-an or TrI-bo-nl-a'nus, [Fr. TRIBONIEN,
tRe'bo'ne^N',] a celebrated Roman jurist, born in Pam-
phylia about 475 A.D., was distinguished by the favour
of the emperor Justinian, by whom he was successively
appointed quaestor, master of the imperial household,
praetorian prefect, and consul. He was charged by
the emperor, conjointly with nine other commissioners,
to prepare the first Justinian Code. Died in 545 A.D.

See GIBBON, " Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire ;" Luoa-
WIG, " Vita Justiniani et Triboniani," 1731.

Tribonianus. See TRIBONIAN.

Triboiiien. See TRIBONIAN.

Tribune, tRe-boo'no, (PiETRO,) was elected Doge of
Venice in 888 A.D., and defeated the Hungarians in 906.
Died in 912.



TrI-bu'nus, [Gr. Tpcfowoj,] an eminent physician,
born in Palestine, lived about 530 A.D., and was noted
for his benevolence. He attended Chosroes, King of
Persia, whom he cured.

Tricaud, tRe'ko', (ANTHELME,) a French writer and
priest, born at Belley in 1671. He wrote several his-
torical works. Died in Paris in 1739.

TricoupL See TRIKUPIS.

Triest, tReest, (ANTOINE,) a Flemish prelate, born
near Audenarde in 1576, was noted for his charity. He
became Bishop of Bruges in 1616. Died in 1657.

Triewald, tRee'wdld, or Trivald, (MARTIN,) a Swed-
ish engineer and mechanician, born at Stockholm in
1691. He visited England at an early age, and made
the acquaintance of Sir Isaac Newton. Having applied
himself for many years to the study of mechanics and
natural philosophy, he returned to Sweden, where he
constructed a steam-engine and made a number of
improvements in machinery. He was one of the founders
of the Academy of Stockholm, and was a Fellow of the
Royal Society of London. Died in 1741.

Trigault, tRe'go', (NICOLAS,) a French Jesuit and
missionary, born at Douay in 1577. He was employed
in China. Died at Nanking in 1628.

Triglav, tre'glav, the triple-headed god of the old
Slavic peoples.

Trigueros, tRe-ga'rds, (Don CANDIDE MARIA,) a
Spanish poet and littlrateur, born at Orgaz, in Castile,
in 1736. Among his works is a comedy called "Los
Menestrales," (1784.) Died about 1800.

Trikupis, (CHARILAOS,) a Greek statesman, born
at Nauplia in 1832. He became an attache of the
Greek legation in London in 1850, a member of the
Chamber in 1865, and minister of foreign affairs in
1866 ; was made premier in 1875 and on several
later occasions, and took active measures for the de-
velopment of Greece. He sought to relieve Greece
from its financial difficulties, but failed, and met with
a crushing defeat in the election of 1895. Died 1896.

Trikupia, tRe-koo'pis, or Tricoupi, tRe-koo'pee,
(SPIRIDION,) a modern Greek historian and diplomatist
born at Missolonghi in 1791. He took an active part
in the Greek revolution which began in 1821. He
was sent as ambassador to England in 1838, in 1842,
and in 1850. He published, in Greek, a " History of
the Greek Revolution," (4 vols., 1853-57,) a work of
high reputation. He died at Athens, Feb. 24, 1873.

Triller, tRil'ler, (DANIEL WILHELM,) a German phy-
sician, poet, and medical writer, born at Erfurt in 1695.
He studied at Leipsic, and became in 1749 professor of
medicine at Wittenberg. He published a great number
of medical treatises, in Latin, also Latin poems on medi-
cine. Died in 1782.

Trfldcliana, tri-lo'cha-na, (i.e. "three-eyed" or
11 having three eyes,") [from the Sanscrit trf, " three,"
and l&ch&nJL, an "eye,"] an epithet of SIVA, which see.

Trimble, (ISAAC R.,) an American general, born in
Virginia, graduated at West Point in 1822. He took
arms against the Union in 1861, and was wounded at the
second battle of Bull Run and at Gettysburg. Died at
Baltimore, January 2, 1888.

Trim'mer, (SARAH,) an English writer, whose original
name was KIRBV, born at Ipswich in 1741, was the au-
thor of numerous juvenile and educational works of
great merit, which have acquired extensive popularity.
Among these we may name an " Easy Introduction to
the Knowledge of Nature," (1780,) "Sacred History
selected from the Scriptures," etc., (6 vols., 1782-85,)
"The Economy of Charity," (1786,) and the "Guardian
of Education," (5 vols., 1806.) Died in 1810.

See MRS. ELWOOD, " Memoirs of the Literary Ladies of England
from the Commencement of the Last Century," vol. i., 1843; " Life
and Writings of Mrs. Trimmer," London, 1816.

Trimouille. See TREMOUILLE, DE LA, and TAL-

MONT.

Trlmurtl, tri-moor'ti, (i.e. " triform,") [from the San-
scrit trt, " three," and m&rtt, " form,"] in the Hindoo
mythology, the name given to the united form of Brahma,
Vishnu, and Siva, constituting what is termed the
" Hindoo triad." (See note t under VISHNU.)



eas k : 9 as s; g hard; g as/; G, H, K.,guttural; N, nasal; R. trilled; as r: th as in this.



Explanations, p. 23..)



TRINCA FELLA



2340



TROBRIAND



Trincavella, tRen-ka-vem, written also Trincavela
w Trincavelli, [Lat. TRINCAVEL'LIUS,] (VICTOR,)
an eminent Italian physician, born at Venice > >49.
succeeded Montanus as professor of medicine at Padua,
(1551.) He published a number of medical works, in
Latin. He was an excellent Greek scholar, and edited
the works of several Greek authors which had never
been printed in the original. He greatly promoted the
introduction of Greek writings into the medical schools
of Italy. Died at Venice in 1568.
Trincavelli or Trincavelfius. See TRINCAVELLA.
Trionfetti, tRe-on-fet'tee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an
Italian botanist, born at Bologna in 1656, published
several works on botany. Died at Rome in 1708. His
brother LELIO, born in 1647, was also a botanist. Died
at Bologna in 1722.

Trip, trip, (HENDRIK RUDOLPH,) a Dutch general,
born at Bois-le-Duc in 1 779. He was appointed director-
general of war in 1834, and became a lieutenant-general
in 1840.

Trip'ler, (CHARLES E.,) an American inventor,
bom at New York in 1849. He established a private
laboratory, made extended investigations in physics,
and invented a process for the cheap and abundant
production of liquid air, which he proposed to use
commercially and as a motive power.

Trippel, tRip'pel, (ALEXANDER,) a Swiss sculptor,
born at Schaffhausen in 1744. In 1776 he visited Rome,
where he executed the monuments of Count Tchernichef
and of Gessner, busts of Goethe and Herder, and other
works, which gained for him a very high reputation. His
bust of Goethe is esteemed a master-piece. Died in 1793.
Triptoleme. See TRIPTOLEMUS.
Trip-tol'e-mus, [Gr. Tprarote/ipr ; Fr. TRlPTOLiME,
trep'to'ljm',] a mythical person, said to have been a son
of King Eleusis or of Celeus, King of Eleusis. The
Greeks regarded him as a favourite of Ceres, and as the
inventor of the plough and of agriculture. It was fabled
that Ceres gave him a chariot, (drawn by dragons,) in
which he rode all over the earth, distributing corn, and
that he founded the Eleusinian Mysteries.

Triqueti, de, deh tRe'keh-te', (HENRI,) BARON, a
French sculptor, born at Conflans (Loiret) in 1802, was
also a painter in his youth. He gained a medal of the
first class in 1839. Among his works (in sculpture) are
" The Death of Charles the Bold," and " Petrarch Read-
ing to Laura." Died at Paris, May II, 1874.
Trissin, Le. See TRISSINO.

Trissino, tRes-see'no, [Fr. LE TRISSIN, leh tRe'saN',]
(GIOVANNI GIORGIO,) an Italian litterateur and diplo-
matist, born at Vicenza in 1478. He was patronized by
Leo X. and Clement VII., and employed by them in
various embassies. He was the author of a critical work
entitled " La Poetica," and a number of poems in Italian,
also several Latin compositions. Died in 1550. His
tragedy of " Sofonisba" (1524) was much admired. He
is said to have been the first Italian who wrote in vmi
iciolti.

See CASTBULI, "Vita di G. G. Trissino," 1753 : GINCUBNH, " His-
toire Litt<5raire d'ltalie;" NICHRON, "Memoires;" TZRABOSCHI,
" Storia della Letteratura Italiana:" " Lives of the Italian Poets,"
by REV. HKNRV STHBBING.

Tristam (or TristSo) da Cunha. See CUNHA, DA.

Tris'tan or Tris'tram, the hero of one of the earliest
traditions of Britain. His history has been more or less
blended with that of King Arthur and the Round Table.
His adventures have formed the subject of numerous
poems in the principal European languages, and were
dramatized by Hans Sachs.

See " Sir Tristram," published by SIR WALTER SCOTT in 1806.

Tristan, tRes-tln', (Luis,) a Spanish painter, born
near Toledo in 1594, or, as some say, in 1586. Among
his master-pieces is " Moses Striking the Rock." Died
about 1645.

Tristan L'Hermite, tRes'tox' leVtnet', (FRANgois.)
a French dramatic poet, born in La Marche in i6oi,was
a member of the French Academy. His tragedy of
"Mariamne" was very successful. Died in 1655.

Tristram. See TRISTAN.

Tris'tram, (HENRY BAKER,) LL.D., an English cler-



gyman, born May II, 1822. He graduated at Lincoln
College, Oxford, in 1844, and took orders in 1845. In
1874 he was made Canon of Durham. Among his works
are "The Great Sahara," (1860,) "Ornithology of
Palestine," (1867,) "Natural History of the Bible,"
(1880,) " Eastern Customs in Bible Lands," (1894,)
" Rambles in Japan," (1895,) etc.

Trlsula, tri-soo'la, or TrI-shu'la, [from the Sanscrit
trf, " three," and sh&ld or suit, a "dart" or "spear-
point,"] the name of Siva's trident. (See SIVA.)

Tritheim, tRit'him, [Lat TRITHE'MIUS ; Fr. TRI-
THEME, tRe't^m',] (JOHANNES,) a German writer and
Benedictine monk, originally named HEIDENBERG, was
born near Treves in 1462. He wrote, besides several his-
torical and religious works, in Latin, " On the Illustrious
Men of Germany," (" De Luminaribus Germanise,"
1495.) Died in 1516.

See HORN. "J. Trithemiust biographische Skizze," 1843; Nici-
RON, " Memoires:" " Biographic Universelle."

Tritheme or Trithemius. See TRITHEIM.
Trithen, tRee'ten, (FREDERICK HENRY,) a distin-
guished Swiss linguist, born in 1820, removed at an
early age to Odessa, in Russia, where he became versed
in the modern European languages, and afterwards
studied Sanscrit at Berlin. Having visited England in
1841, he was appointed to an office in the British Museum,
and in 1848 was chosen professor of modern European
languages in the Taylor Institution at Oxford. He made
a number of valuable contributions to the " Biographical
Dictionary" of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful
Knowledge. Died in 1854.

Tri'to, TrI-to'nis, Trit-o-ge-nei'a, or Trf-to'ni-a,
[Gr. TpiTu, TpiTt'Wf, or Tp<ro>Eva ; Fr. TRITOGENIE,
tRe'to'zha'ne',) surnames of Athena or Minerva. (See
MINERVA.)

Tri'ton, [Gr. Tpiruv,] the name of a marine deity,
supposed to be a son of Neptune, and described as
having a body of which the upper part was human and
the lower part like a 6sh. Sometimes the term occurs
as a common noun and in the plural number, (Tritons.)
They are represented as blowing a trumpet consistine


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 356 of 425)