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Universal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) online

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of a sea-shell, (concha.)

Tritonia and Tritonis. See TRITO.
Triv'et or Trjhr'et, written also Trev'eth, [Lat
TRIVE'TUS or TREVE'TUS,] (NICHOLAS,) an English
Dominican monk, born in Norfolk about 1258, was
esteemed one of the most learned men of his time.
His principal work is a chronicle of England, entitled
" Annales sex Regum Anglise," which has passed through
several editions. Died in 1328.

Trl-vlk'ra-ma, (i.e. the " three-step-taker," or " he
who takes three steps,") [from the Sanscrit trl, " three,"
and vtkr&md, " going" or " stepping,"] a celebrated sur-
name of Vishnu. (See VAMANA.)
Trivulce. See TRIVULZI and TRIVULZIO.
Trivulzi, de', da tRe-vool'zee, [Fr. TRIVULCE, tRe'-
viilss',] (AGOSTINO,) an Italian cardinal and diplomatist.
Died in 1548.

Trivulzi, de', or Trivulce, (TEODORO,) an Italian
general, born about 1456, was a cousin-german of the
great Trivulzio. He entered the French service in 1495,
and became a marshal of France in 1526. Died in 1532.
Trivulzio, tRe-vool'ze-o, surnamed THE GREAT, [Fr.
TRIVULCE LE GRAND, tRe'vulss' leh gRON,] (GiAN GIA-
COMO,) an Italian military commander, born in 1441.
He served in the army of Ferdinand, King of Naples,
, and in 1495 entered the service of Charles VIII. of
France. He was made a marshal of France in 1499.
After the accession of Louis XII. he was appointed to
the command of the Italian army, and soon after de-
feated the Milanese under Ludovico Sfoita, (1499,) and
again at Novara, (150x3.) In 1513 he was compelled to
evacuate Milan by Maximilian Sforza, and, having lost
the battle of Novara, in 1514, the French were again
; driven from Italy. He contributed greatly to the vic-
tory of the French at Marignano in 1515. Died in 1518.
See ROSMINI, " Istoria intorno alle militari Innresi ed ajla Vita
di G. G. Trivulzio," a vols., 1815;

Trobriand, de, deh tRoTjRe-oN', (PHILIP REGIS,)
BARON, a soldier, born at Tours, France, June 4, 1816.



a, e, !, 6, u, y, long; a, e, 6, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, u, y, short; a, e, i, 9, obscure; fir, fill, fat; mSt; not; good; moon;



TROCHU



2341



TROMP



He was educated at Orleans, and in 1841 removed to
New York, where he was a successful journalist. In
1861 he entered the United States volunteer army, in
which he became a division commander. He was a
colonel in the regular army from 1865 to 1879, when he
retired. His principal published work is " Quatre Ans de
Campagnes a 1'Armee du Potomac," (1867.) U. in 1897.

Trochu, tRo'shii', (Louis JULES,) an able French
general, born March 12, 1815. He became captain in 1843,
served as chief of the general staff in the Crimean war,
and obtained the rank of general of brigade in 1854.
He displayed a superior genius for strategy. In 1864
he was raised to the rank of general of division, and
about 1866 was directed to form a plan to reorganize
the army. On this subject he wrote a very popular
work, entitled " L'Arme'e Franjaise," (1867.) In August,
1870, he was appointed major-general of the army and
commander-in-cnief of the forces in Paris. On the for-
mation of the republic, September 4, 1870, he became
president of the executive committee, the highest office
in the provisional government, and commanded the
forces which defended Paris against the Germans during
the siege of 1870-71. He published (1873) "Pour la
Verite et pour la Justice," (in justification of the Gov-
ernment of the National Defence,) and " L'Armee Fran-
jaise en 1879," (1879.) Died October 7, 1896.

Trogue Pompee. See TROGUS POMPEIUS.

Tro'gus Pom-pelua, [Fr. TROGUE POMPEE, tRog
^oN'pa',) a Roman historian under the reign of Augustus,
was the author of a " Universal History from the Time
of Ninus, King of Assyria, down to 5 A.D.," which is
lost. An abridgment of it, by Justin, is extant.

Troil, tRo'll, [Lat. TROI'LIUS,] (UNO,) a Swedish
savant and bishop, born at Stockholm in 1746. He
travelled in Germany, France, and England. In 1784 he
became Bishop of Linkoping, and in 1787 Archbishop
of Upsal. He published a work on the " History of
the Church and the Reformation in Sweden," (5 vols.,
1700.) Died in 1803.

See ADLKRBETH, " Aminnelse-Tal 8fver U. von Troil," 1804;
GHZELIUS, " Biographtskt-Lexicon."

Tro'fle. See TROILUS.

Troili, tRo-ee'lee, (PLACIDO,) an Italian historian and
monk, born at Montalbano in 1687 ; died in 1757.

Troilius. See TROIL.

Trol-lus, [Gr. Tpuito; ; Fr. TROI'LE, tRo'41',1 a son
oi Priam and Hecuba, was distinguished for his beauty.
He was slain in battle by Achilles.

Trolde. See TROLL.

Troll, [ Icelandic and Swedish, TROLL ; Danish,
TROLDE, trol'deh,] in Northern mythology, a being who
was supposed to possess magical or supernatural
powers, and to dwell in the interior of hills and moun-
tains. The term appears to be used with some loose-
ness of application ; it is often applied to the Dwarfs,
(Dwergar,) who were generally believed to possess rare
skill or cunning in working in metals, stone, etc., and to
be endowed with magic powers. (See ELVES.) One
class of Trolls, dwelling in Norway, were called Thusser
or Thurser, (doubtless of the same etymology as the
Norse Thursar, signifying "giants.") They are de-
scribed not as dwarfs, but as large as men, well formed,
.-.nd of a pale-blue colour. It is a popular belief in the
North that when the rebellious angels were cast out of
heaven, some fell into hell, while others, who had not
sinned so deeply, were scattered through the air, under
the earth, and in the waters, and that these became
elves, dwarfs, or trolls.

See THORPE, "Northern Mythology," vol. ii. pp. i and 2, also 56
nd 57.

Trolle, tRol'leh, (GusTAVUS,) a Swedish prelate, was
a partisan of Christian II. of Denmark, on whose head
he placed the crown of Sweden in 1510 or 1520. He was
Archbishop of Upsal. He was killed in battle in 1535.

Trolle, tRol'leh, (HERLUF,) a Danish admiral, born
in 1516. He gained a victory over the Swedes in 1564,
but was afterwards mortally wounded in an engagement
with the Swedish admiral Horn, (1565.)

Trolley, tRo'IJ', (FRANgois ALFRED.) a French jurist,
born at Nederzwallen in 1808. He published a "Treatise
on the Administrative Hierarchy," (1844-54.) Died 1869.



Trol'lope, (ANTHONY,) an English novelist, a son of
Frances Trollope, was born in 1815. He wrote "The
Warden," (1855,) " Barchester Towers," (1857,) " Doctor
Thome," (1858,) " Framley Parsonage," (1861,) " Orley
Farm," (1862.) "The Belton Estate," (1864,) " 1'hineas
Finn, the Irish Member," (1869,) "The Vicar of Bull-
hampton," (1870,) "Sir Harry Hotspur of Humble-
thwaite," (1871,) "The Eustace Diamonds," (1873,)
"Phineas Redux," (1874,) "The Way We Live Now,"
(1875,) a "d " The American Senator," (1877 ;) also works
entitled "North America," (1862,) "South Africa,"
(1878,) and " Life of Cicero," (1881.) Died Dec. 6, 1882.

Trollope, (EDWARD,) an English writer, born April
15, 1817, was educated at Eton and Christ Church,
Oxford, became rector of Leasingham in 1843, Arch-
deacon of Stow in 1867, and bishop suffragan of Not-
tingham in 1877. He published, besides many other
works, a "Life of Adrian IV.," (1856,) and " Little Saint
Hugh of Lincoln," (1880.) Died December 10, 1893.

Trollope, (FRANCES,) a popular English novelist,
born in 1790. Having spent three years in the United
States, she published, in 1832, " Domestic Life of the
Americans." This was followed in rapid succession by
a great number of tales, sketches, and novels, among
which may be named " Belgium and Western Germany,"
(1833,) " Paris and the Parisians in 1835," ('836,) "The
Life and Adventures of Jonathan Jefferson Whitlaw,"
etc., (1836,) "Vienna and the Austrians," etc., (1838,)
"The Vicar of Wrexhill," and "The Widow Barnaby,"
(1839.) She was married in 1809 to Anthony Trollope,
a barrister. Died in 1863.

Trollope, (THOMAS ADOLPHUS,) an English writer,
a son of the preceding, was born in 1810. He resided
many years at Florence. He published, besides other
works, a "Summer in Brittany," (1840,) "Beppo the Con-
script," (1864,) "Lindesfarn Chase," (1864,) "History
of the Commonwealth of Florence," (1865,) "Gemma,"
(1866,) " Life of Filippo Strozzi," (1869,) and " Story of
the Life of Pius IX.," (1877.) Died Nov. 11, 1892.

Trommen, van der, van der tRom'meji, [Lat. TROM'-
MIUS,] a Dutch theologian, born at Groningen in 1633.
He preached at Groningen about forty-eight years. He
published a " Concordance of the Bible" in the Flemish
language, (1685-92.) Died in 1719.

Trommius. See TROMMEN.

Trommsdorfl; tRoms'doRf, (JOHANN BARTHOLO-
MAUS,) a German chemist, born at Erfurt in 1770, be-
came professor of chemistry and physics in the univer
sity of his native city. He published several scientific
works. Died in 1837.

Tromp, tRomp, (MARTEN Harpertzoou haR'pRt-
zon',) a celebrated naval commander, born at Briel, in
Holland, in 1597. At an early age he accompanied Ad-
miral Peter Heijn in his engagements with the Spaniards
off Flanders, and in 1639 was made Admiral of Holland.
In October of the same year he gained a brilliant victory
over the Spanish and Portuguese fleet under Ocquendo.
For this action he was ennobled by the King of France.
In 1652 Admiral Tromp, having been defeated by the
English under Blake, was for a time superseded by De
Ruyter. He was soon after reinstated, and in November,
1652, again encountered Blake, taking two of his ships
and sinking several others. In August, 1653, the last
engagement took place between the English and Dutch
admirals, in which the latter was mortally wounded.
Tromp was one of the ablest seamen of his time, and is
said to have been the victor in more than thirty battles.

See RICHER, "Vie de 1'Amiral Tromp," 1784.

Tromp, van, vin tRomp, (CoRNELis,) son of the pre-
ceding, was born at Rotterdam in 1629. He distin-
guished himself in several engagements with the pirateg
of the Mediterranean, but in 1665 he was defeated by
the English at Solebay under the Duke of York. In
1666, in conjunction with De Ruyter, he gained a victory
over the English, after a contest of four successive days.
The King of Denmark subsequently bestowed on him
the title of count, and other distinctions, as a reward
for services rendered him in his war with Sweden.
After the death of De Ruyter, Van Tromp succeeded
him as lieutenant-admiral-general of the United Prov-
inces. Died in 1691.



as k: c as s: g hard: g as/: G, H, K, guttural; N, nasal: R, trilltd; s as t: th as m this (ft^^"See Explanations, p.



TRONCHET



2342



TROWB RIDGE



Tronchet, tRdN'shA', (FRANgois DENIS,) a French
jurist, born in Paris in 1726. He was elected to the
States-General in 1789, and was a member of the consti-
tutional party. In December, 1792, he was employed
by Louis XVI. to defend him in his trial. He was a
member of the Council of Elders from 1795 to 1799,
became president of the court of cassation about 1800,
and had a prominent part in the redaction of the Code
Napole'on. Died in 1806.

See LAVALLEB, "Notice historique sur F. D. Tronchet," 1806;
ANDRE DUPIN, "Tronchet, Ferey, Poirier," 1810; " Nouvelle Bio-
graphic Ge'ne'rale."

Tronchin, tRoN'shin', (JEAN ROBERT,) a Swiss jurist
of high reputation, was born at Geneva in 1710. He
became procureur-general. Lord Mansfield once said,
"In our country he [Tronchin] would be chancellor."
He defended the action of the Swiss government in re-
lation to Rousseau's " Emile," by " Letters written from
the Country," ("Lettres <5crites de la Campagne," 1763.)
Died in 1793.

See SENEBIER, "Histoire litte'raire de Geneve;" HAAO, "La
France protestante."

Tronchin, (THEODORE,) a Genevese theologian, born
in 1582, was professor and rector in the Academy of his
native city. He was an earnest opponent of the doc-
trines of Arminius. Died in 1657.

Tronchin, (THEODORE,) an eminent Swiss physician,
born at Geneva in 1709. He studied at Cambridge, in
England, and subsequently under Boerhaave at Leyden.
He practised at Amsterdam nearly twenty years, became
honorary professor of medicine at Geneva in 1750, and
soon acquired a high reputation, particularly for his
efforts to promote the practice of inoculation. He was
appointed in 1765 physician to the Duke of Orleans.
Died in Paris in 1781. He was a friend of Voltaire and
Rousseau.

See VOLTAIRE, " Correspondance ge'ne'rale ;" CONDORCET,
"filoges;" "Biographic Me'dicale;" HAAG, "La France protes-
tante."

Tronson, tRix'soN', (Louis,) a French ecclesiastic
tnd writer, born in Paris in 1622. He published, besides
other works, "Forma Cleri," (3 vols., 1669.) Died in
1700.

Tronson du Coudray, tRoN'siN' dii koo'dRi',(GuiL-
IAUME ALEXANDRE,) a French advocate and royalist,
born at Rheims in 1750. He volunteered his services
as counsel of Louis XVI. in December, 1792; but he
was not permitted to speak in that case. He made a
speech in defence of the queen Marie Antoinette in
1793. As a member of the Council of Elders, he op-
posed the Directory in 1797, and was transported to
Guiana, where he died in 1798.

See BLONDEAU, " Notice sur Tronson du Coudray," 1825 ; " Edin-
burgh Review" for April, 1852.

Troost, tRost, (CoRNELli,) an able Dutch painter, born
at Amsterdam in 1697. He painted portraits, familiar
scenes, conversations, etc. His drawings in colours are
highly commended. Died in 1750.

See CHARLES BLANC, " Histoire des Peintres."

Troost, (GERARD,) a distinguished chemist and geol
ogist, born at Bois-le-Duc, Holland, in 1776, emigrated
to the United States, and was appointed in 1828 pro-
fessor of chemistry, mineralogy, and geology at Nash
ville, Tennessee. He became State geologist in 1831.
Died in 1850.

Tro-pho'nI-us, [Gr. Tpo^iwoc,] a celebrated archi
tect, called a son of Erginus, King of Orchomenos, (or,
according to some, of Apollo.) He and his brother
Agamedes built the temple of Apollo at Delphi, and the
treasury of King Hyrieus. His name was connected
with a cave and oracle at Lebadea, in Boeotia, which is
described by Pausanias. A visit to this cave was sup-
posed to render people serious or melancholy.

See ADDISON'S paper, entitled "The Cave of Trophonins," in
the "Spectator," No. 599.

Troplong, tRo'ldN', (RAYMOND THEODORE,) a French
jurist and statesman, born at Saint-Gaudens in 1795.
He became in 1835 a counsellor in the court of cassa-
tion in Paris, first president of the court of appeal in
1848, first president of the court of cassation in 1852
and first president of the senate in 1854. He was chosen
a member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sci-



ences in 1840. His chief work is "The Civil Law Ex-
jounded," (" Le Droit civil expliqueY' 27 vols. 8vo,
1834-56.) Died in February, 1869.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Ge'ne'rale."

Tros, [Gr. Tpuc,] a fabulous king of Phrygia, was a
grandson of Dardanus, and a son of Erichthonius. He
was the father of Ilus, Asaracus, and Ganymedes, (Gany-
mede.) The Trojans derived their name from him.

TroscheL, tRosh'el, (JOHANN,) a skilful German en-
rraver, born at Nuremberg about 1592. He worked at
Rome. Died in 1633.

Trot'ter, (NEWBOLD HOUGH,) an American artist,
bom at Philadelphia in 1827. He painted numerous
animal subjects and three historical works representing
the progress of travel in Pennsylvania. Died in 1898.

Trotter, (THOMAS,) a Scottish physician and medi-
cal writer, bom in Roxburghshire, studied at Edin-
burgh, and became in 1793 physician to the Royal
Hospital at Portsmouth. He published several medi-
cal works. Died in 1832.

Trotti, tRot'tee, (GIOVANNI BATTISTA,) an Italian
painter, surnamed IL MALOSSO, was born at Cremona
in 1555, and was a pupil of B. Campi. The graceful-
ness of his heads is praised by several critics. Died
after 1607.

See LANZI, " History of Painting in Italy."

Troughton, trow'tpn, ? (EDWARD,) F.R.S., an ex-
cellent English mechanician and maker of astronomical
instruments, was born in Cumberland in 1753. He
became a resident of London, made telescopes for seve-
ral observatories, and invented improvements in astro-
nomical instruments, in the fabrication of which he is
said to have surpassed all of his contemporaries. Died
in 1835.

Troup, troop, (GEORGE M.,) an American politician,
born on the Tombigbee River in 1780. He was a mem-
ber of Congress for Georgia from 1807 to 1815, was a
Senator of the United States from 1816 to 1818, and
Governor of Georgia from 1823 to 1827 He also repre-
sented Georgia in the Federal Senate from 1829 to 1834
He was a champion of State sovereignty. Died in 1856.

Trousseau, IROO'SO', (ARMAND,) an eminent French
physician, born at Tours in 1801. He published a
valuable work entitled " Treatise on Therapeutics and
Materia Medica," ("Traite de Thirapeutique et de Ma-
tiere medicale," 3 vols., 1836-39.) He became professor
of therapeutics at Paris in 1839. He had a high repu-
tation as a professor and a writer. Died in June, 1867.

Trouvain, tRoo'viN', (ANTOINE,) a French engraver,
born at Montdidier in 1656, was a pupil of G. Edelinck.
Died in 1708.

Trouve - Chauvel, tRoo'vi' sho'vll', (ARISTE,) a
French republican minister of state, born at Suze (Sarthe)
in 1805. He was elected to the Constituent Assembly
in 1848, and was minister of finance from October to
December of that year. Died in Paris, Oct. 13, 1883.

Trow'bridge, (EDMUND,) an eminent American
jurist, burn at Newton, Massachusetts, in 1709, became
attorney-general of the State in 1749, and was afterwards
justice of the supreme court Died in 1793.

Trowbridge, (JoHN,) an American physicist, born in
Boston in 1843. He was educated at the Boston Latin
School and in the scientific department of Harvard
University, was assistant professor of physics in the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and in Harvard
University, in 1879 became professor of experimental
physics in Harvard, and in 1888 professor of applied
science there. Among his works are "The New
Physics," (1885,) "What is Electricity?" etc.

Trowbridge, (JoHNTowNSBND,) an American novel-
ist, born in Monroe county, New York, in 1827. He
contributed to the "Atlantic Monthly." Among his
works are "Neighbour Jackwood," (1857,) "The Old
Battle -Ground," (1859.) "The Vagabonds," (1863,)
"Cudjo's Cave," (1864,) "Lucy Arlyn," (1866,) and
"Coupon Bonds," (1866.)

Trpw'bridge or Troubridge, (Sir THOMAS,) an
English admiral, born in London, served with great
distinction under Lord Howe, and, as commander of



t, e, 5,6, u, y, /; a, e, d, same, less prolonged; a, e, T, o, u, y, short : a, e, i, p, obscure; fir, fall, fat; m?t;n6t; good: moon-



TROWBRIDGE



2343



TRUMBULL



the Culloden, was sent to the assistance of Nelson in
the Mediterranean in 1798. He served at the battle
of the Nile. He was made a baronet in 1799, and an
admiral in 1804. As commander of the Blenheim, he
sailed for the Cape of Good Hope in 1807, and is sup-
posed to have perished by shipwreck off the coast of
Madagascar.

Trowbridge, (Sir THOMAS SAINT VINCENT HOPE
COCHRANE,) an English officer, a grandson of the pre-
ceding, was born in 1817. He served as colonel in the
Crimean war, and lost a leg at Inkerman, (1854.) Died
in 1867.

Trowbridge, (WILLIAM PETIT,) an American engi-
neer, born in Oakland county, Michigan, May 25, 1828.
He graduated at West Point in 1848, and for many years
was engaged on the United States coast survey. He
held professorships in the University of Michigan, and
in Yale and Columbia Colleges. He published many
professional treatises, papers, and reports. Died 1892.
Troxler, tRoks'ler, (IGNAZ PAUL VITAL,) a Swiss
writer, born in the canton of Lucerne in 1780, became
professor of philosophy at Bile in 1830. He was the
author of several philosophical works.

Troy, de, deh tRwi, (FRANCOIS,) a French painter,
born at Toulouse about 1645, became professor in the
Academy of Fine Arts in Paris. He painted portraits
with success, and some historical pieces. Died in 1730.
Troy, de, (JEAN FRANCOIS,) son of the preceding,
was born in Paris in 1676. He was appointed by Louis
XIV. director of the French Academy at Rome about
1738. Died in 1752.

Troya, tRo'ya, (CARLO,) an Italian historian, born at
Naples in 1785. He was exiled in 1823 for his liberal-
ism. He published an " Introduction to the History of
the Middle Ages," (" Apparato preliminale alia Storia
dal medio Evo," 1839 ct stq.) Died in 1858.

Troyen, van, vin tRoi'en, (ROMBOUT,) a Flemish
painter, born at Antwerp about 1600. He painted ruins
and other objects in the vicinity of Rome. Died in 1650.
Troyon, tRwa'yoN', (CONSTANT,) an eminent French
painter of animals and landscapes, was born at Sevres
in 1813. He gained medals of the first class in 1846
and 1848. His works are admired for variety of effects,
fidelity to nature, and brilliant colouring. He painted
numerous pictures of French scenery. Died in 1865.

Trublet, tRu'blV, (NICOLAS CHARLES JOSEPH,)
ABB, a French essayist, born at Saint-Malo in 1697.
He published, besides other works, " Literary and
Moral Essays," (2 vols., 1735.) D'Alembert said this
might be made an excellent book by erasing some parts
of it. Trublet was admitted to the French Academy in
1761. Died in 1770.

See D'ALEMBERT, " Histoire de I'Acad^mie Francaise."
Truchet, tRii'shi', (JEAN,) a French Carmelite monk,
sometimes called FATHER SEBASTIAN, born at Lyons
in 1657, was distinguished for his knowledge of mathe-
matics and mechanics. He invented several useful
machines. Died in 1729.
Truchsess, (GERHARD.) See GEBHARD.
Trudaine de Montigny, tRii'd^n' deh m6N'ten'ye',
(JEAN CHARLES PHILIBERT,) a French financier, born
at Clermont-Ferrand in 1733 ; died in 1777.

Trueba y Cosio, de, da tRoo-a'si e ko'se-o, (TELES-
FORO,) a distinguished writer, born at Santander, in
Spain, in 1805, was educated in England, where he pub-
lished a number of romances, dramas, and historical
works, in English. Among these may be named "The
Castilian," " Salvador the Guerrilla," and a farce entitled
" Mr. and Mrs. Pringle. r Died in 1835.

Truguet, tRu'gi', (LAURENT JEAN FRANC.OIS,) a
French admiral, born at Toulon in 1752. He was min-
ister of marine from November, 1 795, to July, 1797. In
1802 he took command of the combined fleets of Fran 'x
and Spain. He was disgraced in 1804, on suspicion of
his being averse to Napoleon's elevation to the imperial
power. Died in 1839.

See " Nouvelle Biographic Generale."

Tru'man, (Rev. JOSEPH,) an English divine, born in

1631, was'the author of several theological works, one

of which, entitled " A Discourse of Natural and Moral

Impotency," obtained great popularity. He became a



nonconformist, and was deprived of his living in 1662.
Died in 1671.

Tmmball. See TRUMBULL, (Sir WILLIAM.)
Trfim'bull, (BENJAMIN,) D.D., an American Congre-
gational divine and historical writer, born at Hebron,
Connecticut, in 1735. He was the author of a " History
of Connecticut," (2 vols., 1797-1818,) " History of the
United States," (1810,) and other works. Died m 1820,
Trumbull, (HENRY CLAY,) an American Congrega-
tionalist clergyman, a brother of J. Hammond Trumbull,
was born at Stonington, Connecticut, June 8, 1830. He
was a chaplain in the Federal army, 1862-65, normal sec-
retary of the American Sunday-School Union, Philadel-
phia, 1872-75, and in 1875 became editor of "The
Sunday-School Times." Among his works are several
religious and military biographies, and technical Sunday-
school works. His " Kadesh-Barnea" ( 1884) gives the
important results of his explorations in Arabia Petraea.
"The Blood Covenant," (1885,) a work of great merit,
throws new light on the terminology of Scripture.

Trumbull, (JAMES HAMMOND,) LL.D., an eminent
American philologist, born at Stonington, Connecticut,
December 20, 1821, studied at Yale College, was sec-
retary of state of Connecticut, 1861-65, an( i in 1863
was appointed librarian of the Watkinson Library of
Reference, at Hartford. His numerous writings prin-
cipally refer to the Indian languages, and especially
to those of the Algonkin stock, to which he gave much
study. Died August 5, 1897.

Trumbull, (JOHN,) an American satirical poet and
lawyer, born at Waterbury, Connecticut, on the 24th of
April, 1750. He graduated at Yale College in 1767,
after which he was a tutor in that institution for several
years. He was an intimate friend of Dr. Dwight In
1772 he produced "The Progress of Dulness," a poem.
Having studied law under John Adams, at Boston, he
began to practise at New Haven. He became a dis-
tinguished and popular lawyer, and in 1781 settled at
Hartford. In 1782 he published " McFingal," a satirical
poem, which passed through thirty editions and wa
serviceable to the cause of liberty. " It is much the


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Online LibraryJoseph ThomasUniversal pronouncing dictionary of biography and mythology (Volume 2) → online text (page 357 of 425)